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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935268

ABSTRACT

To investigate the associations between gene polymorphisms of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and liver cirrhosis (LC) after hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. A case-control study was conducted in 243 patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis (HBV-LC, case group) and 486 HBV-infected subjects without LC (non-LC, control group) collected from January 2018 to September 2020 at the Changsha Central Hospital Affiliated to Nanhua University. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of STAT3 gene, including rs4796793C>G, rs2293152C>G, and rs1053004T>C were selected through literature and biological information database, and the genotypes were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (RFQ-PCR). The distribution differences of STAT3 SNPs genotypes between the two groups were compared using Chi-square test and haplotype analysis was conducted by Shesis online. The proportion of HBV C genotype in HBV-LC patients was significantly higher than that in the control group (80.91% vs. 70.79%, χ2=7.109, P=0.008), while the logarithm of ALT was significantly lower than that of the control group (1.78±0.43 vs. 1.95±0.54, t=3.801, P=0.000). The genotypes distributions of rs4796793, rs2293152, and rs1053004 were not significantly different between HBV-LC and non-LC in overall analysis and stratified analysis by gender (χ²=2.610, 1.505, 0.586, 2.653, 2.685, 1.583, 0.351, 5.388, 0.339, respectively, P>0.05 for each). Among the subjects infected with HBV genotype C, rs1053004 CC (vs. TT) significantly increased the risk of HBV-LC [odds ratio (OR) = 1.40, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03-1.91]. Among the HBV-infected subjects with HBeAg negative, rs4796793 GG genotype (vs. CC) and G allele (vs. C) significantly increased the risks of HBV-LC (OR = 2.17, 95%CI: 1.11-4.23; OR = 1.45, 95%CI: 1.06-1.97, respectively). Haplotypes analysis showed that the frequency of haplotype C-G-T composed of rs4796793, rs2293152, and rs1053004 was significantly lower in HBV-LC than that in the control group (non-LC) (27.3% vs. 35.6%, χ²=9.949, P = 0.001). The correlation between STAT3 and HBV-LC is different in HBV-infected subjects with different infection status. The HBV-infected subjects carrying haplotype rs4796793C-rs2293152G-rs1053004T of STAT3 gene have significantly decreased risk of LC.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/genetics , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , STAT3 Transcription Factor/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350260

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The determination method of histatins 5 in human saliva with reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was developed.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Salivary samples were collected and diluted with phosphate buffer (pH 2.5). The upper solution was determined with HPLC. Phosphate buffer (pH 3.5) of the mobile phase and C18 column was used throughout the experiment. The detection wavelength was 276 nm.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The linear ranges were 1.0-50.0 microg x mL(-1). The detection limit was 0.12 microg x mL(-1). The relative standard derivations (RSD) of standard solution for reserved time and peak area were 0.68% and 4.13% respectively. The proposed method was applied for analysis of salivary samples and the satisfactory results were obtained. RSD for sample determination was 4.41% and the average recoveries were 88.4%-109.0%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method was quick, simple and accurate. Analytical time was less than 15 min. It was adapted for analysis of salivary histatins 5 in salivary samples.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Histatins , Humans , Saliva
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264392

ABSTRACT

Herpes associated erythema multiforme (HAEM) is an acute exudative dermatic and mucosal disease caused by infecting herpes simplex virus. It has recurrence and idiorestriction, characterized by increasing of CD4+T leukomonocyte. This article reports a case of herpes associated erythema multiforme, and by way of reviewing relevant literature, discusses the possible mechanism, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of HAEM.


Subject(s)
Erythema Multiforme , Herpes Simplex , Humans , Recurrence , Simplexvirus
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