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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695040


Purpose To explore the prognostic value of deletion of the TNFAIP3 gene in natural killer/T-cell lymphoma,nasal type detected with fluorescence immunophenotyping and interphase cytogenetics as a tool for the investigation of neoplasm (FICTION).Methods FICTION was performed to detect the abnormalities of TNFAIP3 gene in 109 cases of natural killer/T-cell lymphoma,nasal type.Results TNFAIP3 deletion was found in 25/79 detectable cases.The deletion of TNFAIP3 was positively correlated with the International Prognosis Index (IPI) (P =0.019).Conclusion Frequent deletion of TNFAIP3 was associated with IPI in natural killer/T-cell lymphoma,nasal type,suggesting the important prognostic value of TNFAIP3 in the natural killer/T-cell lymphoma,nasal type.

International Eye Science ; (12): 266-268, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637167


To observe the clinical results of innercapsular phacoemulsification with primary intraocular lens ( lOL ) implantation in the treatment of lens dislocation.METHODS: A total of 23 cases ( 23 eyes ) of lens dislocation ( lla and llb ) were underwent innercapsular phacoemulsification combined with primary lOL implantation. lOL implantation were underwent during operation, the complications of intraoperative and postoperative, postoperative vision, intraocular pressure ( lOP ) , corneal endothelial cell, lOL location were analyzed.RESULTS: The operations were successfully completed for all patients in accordance with the pre - surgery program; lens nucleus or its fragments did not crash into the vitreous cavity; 20 cases of corneal edema and 17 cases of lOP presented at the first day after surgery, the deviation or displacement of lOL and serious complications such as retinal detachment were not appeared. At the first week postoperation, the average lOP was 15. 81 ± 2. 10mmHg, with statistically significant differences when compared with the preoperative ( P0. 05) CONCLUSlON: lnnercapsular phacoemulsification combined with primary lOL implantation in the treatment of the whole lens dislocation (‖a and ‖b ) can restore function in patients with diplopia and control lOP effectively, reduce corneal endothelial cell damage, which is an effective method to treat the whole traumatic lens dislocation.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297782


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the feasibility of C1-2 pedicle screw fixation and fusion technique in treating atlantoaxial instability.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2006 to January 2009,18 patients with atlantoaxial instability were treated with C1-2 pedicle screws and plates fixation under general anesthesia. There were 11 males and 7 females, the age for 17-62 years with the mean of 37.7 years. The course of disease was from 3 days to 30 months with an average of 10.6 months. The patients had different degrees neck pain and disturbance of sensation or (and) dyskinesia, had atlantoaxial instability from images before operation. The JOA scoring before operation were from 8 to 15 with an average of 11.4. Bone fusion of patients was observed with X-rays, CT and MR image at the same time after operation and the JOA scoring was compared with preoperative.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 72 screws were successfully placed in 18 cases, among them, 15 cases were followed up from 6 to 24 months with an average of 11.5 months. Fifteen cases obtained bone fusion with time for 3-6 months without the complications of internal fixation failure or redislocation of atlas. The spinal compression had differently improved, postoperative JOA scoring was from 12 to 17 scores with an average of 14.5 scores.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Pedicle screw fixation and fusion in atlas has advantages of firm fixation and high fusion rate, it is a better choices for atlantoaxial instability. It is not suitable for variations of sulcus of vertebral artery of atlas and posterior arch of atlas.</p>

Adolescent , Adult , Atlanto-Axial Joint , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303031


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on cytokines in the cardiac surgical patient and to evaluate the application of combined acupuncture anesthesia to cardiac surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty patients with atrial septal defect were divided into 3 groups, general anesthesia group (A), acupuncture anesthesia group (B) and combined general anesthesia and EA group (C). Peripheral blood samples were collected before anesthesia, before cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), 30 min after CPB and 24 h after operation to determine the levels of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-6 and IL-10.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The levels of IFN-gamma and IL-2 decreased in the 3 groups after CPB and further decreased 24 h after operation, and in the group C were higher than those in the group B. The levels of IL-6 and IL-10 significantly increased 24 h after operation in the 3 groups with no significant difference among the 3 groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The general anesthesia combined with EA can not completely improve the decrease of IFN-gamma and IL-2 induced by CPB, indicating that the good response of the general anesthesia combined with EA to stress can partially improve the immunosupression induced by CPB. Acupuncture does not have significant effect on inflammatory cytokine reaction induced by cardiac surgery.</p>

Acupuncture Analgesia , Adult , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Interferon-gamma , Blood , Interleukin-10 , Blood , Interleukin-2 , Blood , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Male , Middle Aged
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 781-783, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306211


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical features, treatment and prognosis of the C5 palsy after surgery of cervical spondylosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two hundred and twenty-three cases treated from March 1994 to October 2003 were retrospectively reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seven of the 223 cases developed the complication of C5 palsy, manifesting the paresis of the deltoid muscle as well as the sensory deficits and (or) intractable pain in shoulder. The incidence was 3.1%. In this study, 2 cases occurred in the anterior subcorpectomy, 5 cases developed in the laminoplasty with 1 case on the opened side, 3 cases on the hinged side and 1 case on both sides. All the 7 cases with the C5 palsy recovered within 2 weeks to 6 months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The C5 palsy can develop either anterior decompression or posterior open-door laminoplasty of cervical spondylosis. Generally speaking, patients with postoperative C5 palsy can be cured by conservative measures. And prognosis is good.</p>

Adult , Aged , Bone Transplantation , Cervical Vertebrae , General Surgery , Decompression, Surgical , Female , Humans , Laminectomy , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Diagnosis , Radiculopathy , Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Nerve Roots , Spinal Osteophytosis , General Surgery
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320286


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) on alteration of immune function of patients undergoing open-heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), and to appraise the value of acupuncture-drug compound anesthesia in the operation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty patients undergoing atrial septal defect repairing operation were selected and divided into three groups, Group A was the general anesthesia group; Group B, the acupuncture anesthesia group and Group C, the general anesthesia plus EA group. Peripheral venous blood of patients was collected at different time points, i.e. before anesthesia, before CPB, 30 min and 24 hrs after CPB, to determine natural killer cells activity (NKCA), and the levels of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) in supernatant of cell culture were also tested.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>NKCA was significantly lowered in Group A before CPB but increased in Group B, while no evident change was found in Group C, so the level of NKCA in Group B was significantly higher than in the other two groups. It lowered in all the three groups after CPB, especially evidently in Group B, so as to cause the NKCA level in Group B lower than that in Group A. The lowering further progressed, 24 hrs after CPB, NKCA in Group B was more reduced than that in Group C. Levels of IFN-gamma and IL-2 lowered in all the three groups after CPB, and further lowered at time point of 24 hrs after CPB, but the parameters in Group C were significantly higher than those in Group B.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EA could enhance NKCA, but acupuncture anesthesia couldn't inhibit the suppressive effect of CPB on NKCA, IL-2 and IFN-gamma, suggesting that the immunosuppression induced by stress has a prior effect. General anesthesia plus EA yielded better effect than general anesthesia and acupuncture anesthesia, but it could't improve the immunosuppression completely, indicating that the compound anesthesia could partially improve the immunosuppression induced by CPB.</p>

Acupuncture Analgesia , Adult , Anesthesia, General , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Electroacupuncture , Female , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial , Allergy and Immunology , General Surgery , Humans , Interferon-gamma , Blood , Interleukin-2 , Blood , Killer Cells, Natural , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged