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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257632

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To improve the management of the early neurogenic pulmonary edema(NPE)in patients with non-traumatic cerebral hemorrhage.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 140 eligible patients with non-traumatic cerebral hemorrhage who were treated in the emergency department of our hospital from October 2008 to October 2014 were divided into two groups:NPE group(n=25)and non-NPE group(n=115). The clinical data were analyzed and compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Although the mean arterial pressure was similar between these two groups,the median pH and the bicarbonate ion(HCO(3)(-))were significantly lower in the NPE group than in the non-NPE group(pH:7.32 vs.7.39,P=0.002;HCO(3)(-),20.6 mmol/L vs.22.7 mmol/L,P=0.01). Multivariate regression analysis indicated that younger age and higher glucose level were significantly correlated with the early onset of NPE in the NPE group than in the non-NPE group(age:50.1 years vs.65.1 years,P=0.0008;glucose,15.4 mmol/L vs.10.78 mmol/L,P=0.001).There were only 3 patients in all with non-traumatic cerebral hemorrhage happened the fulminant NPE in 1 hour. Within 24 hours after patients visited the emergency room,the condition was improved in 20 of 25 patients in the NPE group. However,5 patients died,among whom 3 patients with fulminant NPE(onset within 1 hour)died due to acute respiratory distress syndrome and complicated with multiple organ failure,and 2 died of cerebral hernia.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>NPE is a rare and severe complication in patients with non traumatic cerebral hemorrhage. The possibility of NPE should be considered in relatively young patients with higher glucose and lower blood pH value. Timely prevention and treatment can improve the outcomes.</p>


Subject(s)
Emergency Service, Hospital , Glucose , Humans , Pulmonary Edema
2.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 148-151, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284123

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the changes in plasma gelsolin (pGSN) level of patients with severe burn and to explore its relationship with sepsis and death of patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and two patients with total burn area equal to or larger than 30% TBSA hospitalized from May 2010 to May 2012 were included as burn group. Twenty-five healthy volunteers were recruited as healthy control group. Peripheral venous blood of patients was harvested on post burn day (PBD) 1, 3, 7, 14, and 21 to determine the pGSN level with double antibody sandwich ELISA kits, and the same maneuver was carried out in healthy volunteers. (1) Patients in burn group were divided into three groups by burn size: small burn area group (30% - 49% TBSA, n = 39), medium burn area group (larger than 49% and smaller than or equal to 69% TBSA, n = 33), and large burn area group (larger than 69% and smaller than or equal to 99% TBSA, n = 30). (2) According to diagnostic criteria of burn sepsis, patients in burn group were divided into sepsis group (n = 43) and non-sepsis group (n = 59). (3) According to the prognosis of patients with sepsis, patients in sepsis group were further divided into non-survival sepsis group (n = 14) and survival sepsis group (n = 29). The levels of pGSN in above groups were compared, and their relationship with sepsis and death of patients was analyzed. Data were analyzed with analysis of variance, LSD test and one-way Logistic regressions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Levels of pGSN in burn group were obviously lower than those of healthy control group on PBD 1, 3, 7, 14, and 21 (with F values respectively 140.01, 369.52, 702.15, 360.14, 84.16, P values all below 0.01). (2) The mean levels of pGSN in large, medium, and small burn area groups at five time points were (43 ± 11), (85 ± 23), (124 ± 38) mg/L, showing statistically significant differences among them (F = 367.76, P < 0.01), and they were all lower than that of healthy control group [(326 ± 51) mg/L, P values all below 0.01]. (3) The mean levels of pGSN in sepsis group and non-sepsis group at the five time points were (77 ± 12), (122 ± 38) mg/L. Levels of pGSN in sepsis group were lower than those in non-sepsis group on PBD 3, 7, 14, and 21 (with F values respectively 30.35, 111.59, 209.36, 422.76, P values all below 0.01). (4) The mean levels of pGSN in non-survival sepsis group and survival sepsis group at the five time points were (53 ± 8) and (103 ± 25) mg/L. Levels of pGSN in non-survival sepsis group were lower than those in survival sepsis group on PBD 1, 3, 7, 14, and 21 (with F values respectively 9.05, 18.48, 41.34, 107.11, 180.48, P values all below 0.01). (5) Logistic regression analysis showed that the level of pGSN is the independent risk factor related to the complication of sepsis (odds ratio: 5.44, 95% confidence interval: 2.35 - 12.74, P < 0.01) and death (odds ratio: 5.52, 95% confidence interval: 2.34 - 12.19, P < 0.01) in burn patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Severe burn injury could down-regulate the pGSN level of patients, and it decreases along with the increase in the area and severity of burn trauma. pGSN level appears to be an early prognostic marker for patients suffering from severe burns.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Burns , Blood , Case-Control Studies , Female , Gelsolin , Blood , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Sepsis , Young Adult
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358700

ABSTRACT

High mobility group box-1 protein (HMGB1), which is a nuclear protein, participates in chromatin architecture and transcriptional regulation. When released from cells, HMGB1 also plays a well-established role as a pro-inflammatory mediator during innate immune responses to injury. In the initial stage of injury, there is a release of large quantities of early pro-inflammatory mediators to initiate or perpetuate immune responses against pathogens, but this pro-inflammatory period is transient, and it is followed by a prolonged period of immune suppression. At present, several lines of evidences have suggested that HMGB1 is a late cytokine provoking delayed endotoxin morbidity, which may enhance the production of early proinflammatory mediators, and it can contribute potently to the activation of different immune cells and play a role in the development of host cell-mediated immunity. The biology of HMGB1 has been extensively studied as a pro-inflammatory cytokine of systemic inflammation, however, this review will attempt to provide a summary of the effects of HMGB1 on different immune cells and its regulatory mechanism in acute insults.


Subject(s)
Cytokines , Allergy and Immunology , HMGB1 Protein , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Immunity, Cellular , Inflammation , Allergy and Immunology
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235165

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the anesthetic effect and safety of differential airway management in patients with mental retardation (MR) during autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cell transplantation (APBMCT) outside the operating room.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In this prospective study, 30 uncooperative patients with MR receiving total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with propofol for APBMCT were randomized into 3 groups with monitored anesthesia care (MAC group), inserted classic laryngeal mask airway under general anesthesia (LMA group), or endotracheal tube placement (ETT group). The blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), SpO(2) and pH, PaCO(2), and HCO(3)(-) were monitored at 5 min and 1 h after anesthesia, before completion of the operation and at 1 h after the operation. The total operative time, dosage of propofol, awake time and body movement during the procedure were recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with LMA and ETT groups, the MAC groups showed a significantly increased total dosage of propofol (66.07±5.41, 35.83±5.80, and 34.61±3.68 g·kg(-1)·min(-1), respectively, P<0.05 ), body movements (9.90±3.07, 2.5 1±1.50, and 0.82±0.93, P<0.05) and awake time (16.82±7.60, 4.31±1.32, and 3.73±1.33 min, P<0.05). The pH, PaCO(2), or HCO(3)(-) showed no marked changes at 5 min after anesthesia and at 1 h after the operation in the 3 groups (P>0.05). At 1 h after anesthesia, the pH in MAC group decreased markedly compared with that in LMA and ETT groups (P<0.05), and maintained a low level till the completion of the operation; the PaCO(2) was significantly elevated in MAC group and remained so till the end of the surgery (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Endotracheal tube placement is safer than laryngeal mask airway placement and monitored anesthesia care in patients with MR during APBMCT, and allows rapid onset of sedation with minimal cardiovascular responses, body movement and recovery, therefore is more suitable in the setting outside the operating room.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures , Methods , Anesthesia , Methods , Anesthesia, General , Anesthetics, Intravenous , Child , Disabled Children , Female , Humans , Intubation, Intratracheal , Methods , Laryngeal Masks , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Transplantation , Male , Persons with Mental Disabilities , Propofol , Prospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous
5.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 87-89, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305621

ABSTRACT

Severe sepsis provokes significant abnormalities in host neuroendocrine system, and they are hallmarked by the glucocorticoid and growth hormone resistance, vasopressin deficiency, and compromised vagal activity. As a consequence, the increased stress hormones result in a hyperdynamic circulation, hypermetabolic state, and the hyperglycemia/insulin resistance in sepsis. The cardiac autonomic dysfunction also occurs as a consequence of depressed vagal activity. Current therapeutic strategies include insulin therapy to control hyperglycemia, physiologic doses of corticosteroids to improve immunity, growth hormone to reverse negative nitrogen balance, and vasopressin to raise blood pressure. Non-specific beta-adrenergic blockade has also been attempted to either attenuate the hypermetabolism or to reduce the inflammatory response. Future therapy may be directed at both central and peripheral immune system so as to alleviate the hyperdynamic inflammatory state and possibly encephalopathy in severe sepsis.


Subject(s)
Autonomic Nervous System , Humans , Neurosecretory Systems , Sepsis , Therapeutics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348038

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe effects of fluid shear stress strength on mRNA expression of ATP6V1a1 in rat polarized osteoclasts.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rat polarized osteoclasts suffered 0.0 (control group), 0.9, 2.9, 8.7 and 26.3 dynes/cm2 fluid shear stress for 30 min. mRNA expression of ATP6V1a1 was detected by Real-Time fluorescent quantitation PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>mRNA expression of ATP6V1a1 in 0.0 (control group), 0.9, 2.9, 8.7 and 26.3 dynes/cm2 groups was (1.14 +/- 0.06) x 10(6), (1.62 +/- 0.09) x 10(6), (2.28 +/- 0.13) x 10(6), (3.24 +/- 0.18) x 10(6), (9.16 +/- 0.53) x 10(6) copy numbers, respectively (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In the present study, polarized osteoclasts are sensitive to fluid shear stress. mRNA expression of ATP6V1a1 has increscent tendency along with increasing of fluid shear stress strength.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Osteoclasts , RNA, Messenger , Rats , Shear Strength , Stress, Mechanical
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288930

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To obtain highly enriched osteoclasts in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The bone marrow cells of 1-day, 12-day, 24-day and 36-day old Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were separately cultured with the presence of 1,25-(OH)2D3 and dexamethasone, and the osteoclast-like cells were identified by Trap staining and scanning electron microscope observation and were purified by trypsin digestion. The count of Trap positive osteoclast-like cells was analyzed statistically.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The osteoclast-like cells of each group were Trap positive cells and could form the bone absorption lacunas in vitro. The amounts of osteoclast-like cells were different statistically between the groups (P < 0.05) except between the groups of 1-day old and 12-day old (P > 0.05). Highly enriched osteoclast-like cells were harvested by the digestion of 0.25% trypsin and 0.02% EDTA.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It's indicated that a large amount of highly enriched osteoclast-like cells could be obtained through the culture of bone marrow cells of 10-day and 12-day old SD rats with 1,25-(OH)2D3 and dexamethasone and the digestion of trypsin/EDTA.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Bone and Bones , Calcitriol , Cells, Cultured , Dexamethasone , Osteoclasts , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Trypsin
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330063

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The aim of this study was to evaluate the aesthetic effectiveness of implant supported dentures in partially edentulous patients and the patients' satisfaction on aesthetic effectiveness.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The aesthetic status of peri-implant gingival and the correlated soft tissue health of implant supported dentures were investigated. The questionnaire of the patients' satisfaction on aesthetic effectiveness had also been collected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>43 interdental papillae of 22 restorations were investigated, 53.4% of which were optimal. And the size of interdental papillae increased during the period of study, which had no relationship with plaque and gingival inflammation. The patients were satisfied with the esthetic effectiveness of implant supported dentures.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>To some extent, the interdental papillae has regeneration ability, but there are no close relationship between regeneration and gingival inflammation. In order to acquire more aesthetic effectiveness, surgical and nonsurgical techniques should be used by clinicians.</p>


Subject(s)
Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Esthetics, Dental , Gingiva , Humans , Mouth, Edentulous , Therapeutics , Patient Satisfaction , Regeneration
9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 258-262, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352783

ABSTRACT

The immunological parameters were analyzed during pregnancy of Lewis rats by the methods of flow cytometry, thymidine incorporation and enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT). MHC II of spleen mononuclear cells (MNCs) and CD11c of periphery blood MNCs was apparently downregulated in late pregnancy, while the costimulatory molecules B7-1 and B7-2 showed no difference. Increased expression of Th2 cytokines (IL-10, IL-4) and TGFbeta was detected in the spleen and peripheral blood MNCs in the third trimester by flow cytometry. No suppression of Th1 cytokine represented by IFNgamma was found. Furthermore, antigen specific proliferation of spleen and peripheral blood MNCs was unchanged, but higher proliferation of MNCs from mesenteric lymph nodes was shown in late pregnancy. There was an inhibition of antigen specific antibody production in pregnancy examined by ELISPOT. These data indicate the immunomodulatory effects of sex-hormones in pregnancy, which may be related to the remission of T cell-mediated autoimmune diseases during pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Animals , B7-1 Antigen , Allergy and Immunology , CD11c Antigen , Allergy and Immunology , Female , Interleukin-10 , Metabolism , Interleukin-4 , Metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Allergy and Immunology , Major Histocompatibility Complex , Allergy and Immunology , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Animal , Allergy and Immunology , Rats , Rats, Inbred Lew , Spleen , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Th2 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Metabolism
10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 16-20, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290896

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the vasorelaxing effect and mechanism of idoxifene (a new estrogen receptor modulator) on human internal mammary artery (HIMA). HIMA segments were harvested from men during coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. Patients with diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, or smoking habit were excluded. The vasorelaxing effect of idoxifene on artery rings from HIMA with and without endothelium was measured by means of perfusion in vitro. Cumulative dose-response to idoxifene in the range of 0.01-10 micromol/L was observed in the presence and absence of NO synthase inhibitor L-NAME. It was also studied whether the vasodilation effect of idoxifene on HIMA was blocked by methylene blue (MB), an inhibitor of guanylate cyclase (GC). The results obtained from idoxifene were compared with those from 17beta-estradiol (E(2)). It was found that idoxifene caused a concentration-dependent relaxation on HIMA. The dose range was from 0.03 micromol/L (minimal vasodilatory concentration) to 3 mmol/L (maximal vasodilatory concentration). It was also found that the vasorelaxation effect of idoxifene on HIMA was dependent on endothelium. E(2) (0.1-100 micromol/L) also resulted in an endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation, but the vessels were 15-fold less sensitive to E(2) than to idoxifene in their vasorelaxation responses. The EC(50) for E(2) was 4.65+/-0.34 micromol/L, compared with 0.32+/-0.02 micromol/L for idoxifene. The mean maximal vasodilatory value of E(2) was 88.3+/-5.7%, compared with 88.6+/-7.2% for idoxifene. Pretreatment with L-NAME (100micromol/L) abolished idoxifene-induced vasodilation virtually by blocking nitric oxide production. The vasorelaxing effect of idoxifene disappeared in the presence of MB (10 micromol/L). These findings demonstrate that idoxifene results in an endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation of HIMA, like estrogen. The effect of idoxifene is more potent than that of traditional estrogen, and is possibly mediated by NO-GC-cGMP pathway.


Subject(s)
Estrogen Antagonists , Pharmacology , Humans , Mammary Arteries , Physiology , Tamoxifen , Pharmacology , Vasodilation
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