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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940355

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the in vitro anti-hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cell mechanism of Jaranol. MethodThe methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay was employed to examine the inhibition of Jaranol (0, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 150, 300 μmol·L-1) on HepG2 cell proliferation at different time (24 , 48 , 72 h), annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyante/propidium iodide (Annexin V-FITC/PI) kit to detect the effect of Jaranol (0, 3, 15, 75 μmol·L-1) on HepG2 cell apoptosis, and Western blot to determine the influence of Jaranol on the expression of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) in HepG2 cells. Transcriptome sequencing was performed to analyze the differential expression of genes and changes of related signaling pathways after the treatment of HepG2 cells with Jaranol (15 μmol·L-1). Real-time PCR was carried out to verify the relative mRNA content of differential genes [TEK, platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFRA), spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK), phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma (PIK3CG), Janus kinase 3 (JAK3), membrane-associated guanylate kinase inverted 2 (MAGI2)]. ResultCompared with the blank group, Jaranol decreased HepG2 proliferation (P<0.05, P<0.01), increased apoptosis rate of HepG2 cells (P<0.05, P<0.01), raised Bax expression (P<0.05, P<0.01), and reduced Bcl-2 expression (P<0.05, P<0.01). Transcriptome sequencing yielded 59 000 regulated genes, 125 of which showed significantly different expression, with 47 up-regulated and 74 down-regulated. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis showed that the differential genes related to apoptosis in the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway changed significantly after drug addition. The mRNA expression of TEK, PDGFRA, SYK, PIK3CG, JAK3, and MAGI2 decreased in Jaranol (15 μmol·L-1) group compared with that in the control group (P<0.05). ConclusionIn vitro cytological experiment verified that Jaranol inhibited the proliferation of HepG2 cells and promoted the apoptosis, possibly by influencing the expression of some differential genes in the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. The result lays an experimental basis for the follow-up study of the anti-tumor effect of Jaranol, and the further development and utilization of flavonoids.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3493-3502, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906842

ABSTRACT

Caveolin-1 (CAV-1) is related to inflammation, oxidative damage, and immunity. In order to obtain a series of dibenzoylmethane halophenols with strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects targeting CAV-1, twenty-nine target compounds were therefore synthesized by Baker-Ventaraman rearrangement and demethylation reaction, starting from the substituted benzoyl chloride and o-hydroxyacetophenone, and their interactions with CAV-1 were investigated by BLI technique. Their in vitro anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties were also evaluated. The results showed that compounds A6, A17, A18, and A29 not only specifically bind to CAV-1, but also present strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. These results suggest that this class of compounds can affect the signaling pathways related to inflammation and oxidative stress by directly acting on CAV-1. In particular, these compounds exhibit the most significantly inhibitory effects on IL-1β and COX-2 release. IL-1β plays a key regulatory role in the development of arthritis. Therefore, it is worth expecting for the application of such compounds in the prevention and treatment of arthritis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of modified Bazhentang on the nutritional status and immune function of patients with Qi and blood deficiency syndrome in neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for gastric cancer. Method:One hundred and ten patients were randomly divided into observation group and control group with 55 cases each. Both groups accepted FOLFOX6 protocol. Patients in control group took Jianpi Shengxue tablets orally, 3 tablets/time, 3 times/day. Patients in observation group received modified Bazhentang, 1 dose/day. The course of treatment was six weeks in both groups. Before and after treatment, scores were graded according to patient generated-subjective global assessment (PG-SGA), Qi and blood deficiency syndrome, and the Revised Piper Fatigue Scale (PFS-R). Levels of serum total protein (TB), albumin (ALB), prealbumin (PAB), CD4<sup>+</sup>, CD8<sup>+</sup>, helper T lymphocyte 17 (Th17), regulatory T cell (Treg), immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM, and IgA were detected before and after therapy. Body mass index (BMI) and fat free mass index (FFMI) were measured before and after treatment. Weight loss was recorded, and the acute or subacute toxicity of anticancer drugs was evaluated. Result:The degree of malnutrition in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (<italic>Z</italic>=2.401,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The levels of TB, ALB and PAB in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The CD4<sup>+</sup>, Treg and CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup> levels in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The CD8<sup>+</sup>, Th17 and Th17/Treg levels were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Besides, the levels of IgM and IgA in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The PG-SGA score and weight loss in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The BMI and FFMI data of the observation group were higher than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The scores of PFS-R and Qi-blood deficiency syndrome were lower than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The incidence of nausea and vomiting in the observation group was 45.45% (25/55), lower than 65.45% (36/55) in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.452,<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Modified Bazhentang can be used to assist gastric cancer patients with NAC, which can improve nutritional status and immune function, promote immune balance, reduce clinical symptoms and fatigue, and reduce chemotherapy toxicity and side effects, so it is worthy of clinical use.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896961

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The objective of the current study was to examine the potential effects of surgery start times (morning vs. afternoon) on the long-term prognosis of patients after hepatic resection (HR) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). @*Methods@#All eligible patients were divided into 2 groups according to the start time of surgery: group M (morning surgery, 8 AM–1 PM) and group A (afternoon surgery, 1 PM–6 PM). Clinicopathologic and surgical parameters, as well as oncologic outcomes were compared between the 2 groups. @*Results@#In total, 231 patients were included in the study. There was no difference in age, body mass index, comorbidities, tumor size, tumor location, tumor stages, surgical procedures, or surgical margin between morning and afternoon surgery (all P > 0.05). In contrast, patients in group M experienced longer operation duration than those in group A (median, 240 minutes vs. 195 minutes, P = 0.004). However, no differences of overall survival were observed between morning and afternoon surgery groups in the whole cohort or stratified by surgical margin (all P > 0.05). @*Conclusion@#Surgery start times during the work day have no measurable influence on patient outcome following curative HR for HCC, indicating good self-regulation and professional judgment of surgeons for progressive fatigue during surgery.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889257

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The objective of the current study was to examine the potential effects of surgery start times (morning vs. afternoon) on the long-term prognosis of patients after hepatic resection (HR) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). @*Methods@#All eligible patients were divided into 2 groups according to the start time of surgery: group M (morning surgery, 8 AM–1 PM) and group A (afternoon surgery, 1 PM–6 PM). Clinicopathologic and surgical parameters, as well as oncologic outcomes were compared between the 2 groups. @*Results@#In total, 231 patients were included in the study. There was no difference in age, body mass index, comorbidities, tumor size, tumor location, tumor stages, surgical procedures, or surgical margin between morning and afternoon surgery (all P > 0.05). In contrast, patients in group M experienced longer operation duration than those in group A (median, 240 minutes vs. 195 minutes, P = 0.004). However, no differences of overall survival were observed between morning and afternoon surgery groups in the whole cohort or stratified by surgical margin (all P > 0.05). @*Conclusion@#Surgery start times during the work day have no measurable influence on patient outcome following curative HR for HCC, indicating good self-regulation and professional judgment of surgeons for progressive fatigue during surgery.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781646

ABSTRACT

Interfascial plane block is a quick,safe and simple technique that offers effective analgesia for video-assisted thoracotomy.However,the currently described methods still have certain limitations.We explored the application of a novel interfascial plane block method-iliocostal plane block in video-assisted thoracotomy,along with the use of stained cadaveric anatomy,with an attempt to shed new light on the analgesia for video-assisted thoracotomy.


Subject(s)
Analgesia , Humans , Thoracotomy
7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 977-982, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705162

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of the novel benzoxazolone derivative 4-( 5′-dimethylamino )-naph-thalenesulfonyl-2 ( 3H )-benzoxazolone ( W3D ) on TLR4-MyD88-NF-κB signaling pathway in LPS-in-duced RAW264.7 cells. Methods The cell viability was detected by MTT assay, and the contents of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β and COX-2 in the cell supernatant were analyzed using ELISA methods. The protein ex-pression of IL-6, TLR4, MyD88, p-IRAK4 and NF-κB were investigated by western blot analysis, and the mRNA expressions of TLR4, MyD88 and IL-6 were an-alyzed by RT-PCR. Results W3D could obviously in-hibit the production of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β in LPS- induced RAW264.7 cell supernatant, but it had no effect on the release of COX-2. Compared with the model group, the expressions of TLR4, MyD88 and IL-6 were decreased significantly in a dose dependent manner. Meanwhile, the expressions of p-IRAK4 and nucleus of NF-κB were decrease in W3D treated group compared with the model group. Conclusion The no-vel compound W3D could inhibit the release of the in-flammatory mediators through the regulation of TLR4-MyD88-NF-κB signaling pathway.

8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 401-407, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705054

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the role of Cx43 in inhibi-tion of AngII-induced vascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs) proliferation by farrerol. Methods The primary VSMCs were isolated and cultured by direct adherent culture methods. VSMCs were identified by immunohistochemstry. The cells were divided into the following groups:control group,AngII group,AngII+Farrerol group. The cell viability was measured by CCK-8 cell vitality test. The proliferation of VSMCs was measured by the methods of Edu. The cell cycle of VSMCs was detected by flow cytometry. The mRNA levels of Cx43 were measured by Real-time PCR. The protein levels of Cx43 were measured by Western blot. Results 60 μmol·L-1farrerol could significantly de-crease the cell viability and EdU rate of VSMCs in-duced by AngII(P<0.05),which could also prevent the transformation of VSMCs from G0/G1phase to S phase. The results of real-time PCR and Western blot showed that,compared with the model group,Farrerol could significantly reduce the mRNA and protein ex-pression level of Cx43(P <0.01). After the interfer-ence of Cx43 by siRNA, the inhibition of proliferation by farrerol decreased significantly. Conclusion Far-rerol inhibits AngII-induced VSMCs proliferation signif-icantly, which might be associated with reducing the expression of Cx43.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700774

ABSTRACT

Objective Few studies are reported on the prevention and management of oral mucositis(OM) induced by post-operative radiotherapy in patients with oral cavity cancer.This study aimed to investigate the therateutic effect of the recombinant human epidermal growth factor(rhEGF) gel on radiation-induced OM. Methods Sixty-eight cases of radiation-induced OM after surgery for oral cavity cancer were randomly divided into an experimental and a control group of equal number,the former treated with rhEGF gel while the latter with borax mouthwash. Comparisons were made between the two groups of patients in the severity of oral cavity mucous membrane injury,the intensity of radiation-induced oral pain,the in-cidence of oral cavity infection, and the duration of radiotherapy. Results At 3 weeks of radiotherapy,the patients of the experimental group showed mainly mild and moderate OM while the controls chiefly moderate and severe OM,and at 6 weeks,the former exhibited mainly moderate while the latter chiefly severe OM, with statistically significant differences in the incidence rate between the two groups (P<0.01). The experimental group, compared with the controls, had a significantly higher incidence rate of grade-Ⅰ radiation-induced pain (47.1% vs 20.6%,P<0.01),but lower rates of grade-Ⅱ(17.6% vs 32.4%,P<0.01) and grade-Ⅲpain(2.9% vs 20.6%,P<0.01).The rates of oral infection and antibiotics medication were remarkably lower in the experimental group than in the controls(23.5% vs 38.2% and 11.8% vs 26.5%,P<0.05),and the duration of radiotherapy was markedly shorter in the former than in the latter ([42.37±3.14] d vs [48.47±4.39] d, P<0.05). Conclusion The rhEGF gel can significantly reduce the severity of radiation-induced oral mucositis,improve its symptoms,and shorten the time of postoperative radiotherapy for patients with oral cavity cancer.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 256-262, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779871

ABSTRACT

Twenty target compounds were synthesized by the reduction reaction of HUANG Minglong and Friedel-Crafts acylation reaction in this study. The inhibitory effects of the new compounds were tested on NO production in LPS-induced mouse macrophage RAW264.7 cells, a cellular inflammation model. The structure-activity relationships were discussed. The structures of target compounds were confirmed by ESI-MS, 1H NMR and 13C NMR. In vitro activity experiments showed that 18 compounds had certain anti-inflammatory effects at the concentration of 40 μmol·L-1, of which 9a, 8b, 7c and 9c showed strong anti-inflammatory activities, and IC50 of 7c and 9c were comparable to the positive control drug ibuprofen.

11.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 1644-1648, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666968

ABSTRACT

Thymic carcinoid is a rare neoplasm with unclear risk factors and controversial classifications .Clinical manifestations vary from asymptomatic to many nonspecific symptoms , among which endocrinopathy seems to be as-sociated with poor prognosis .Image studies show no specificity both in CT and PET/CT, but are of great value in clinical staging .Ki67 index has been found to be a powerful tool for grading neuroendocrine tumors and further studies should be made .The diagnosis of thymic carcinoid mainly depends on pathology and immunohistochemistry plays a role in differential diagnosis .Radical resection is the first choice in treatment , and target therapy becomes possible with the development in molecular pathology .

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812576

ABSTRACT

In the present study, two new limonoids, 1α, 7α-dihydroxyl-3α-acetoxyl-12α-ethoxylnimbolinin (1) and 1α-tigloyloxy-3α-acetoxyl-7α-hydroxyl-12β-ethoxylnimbolinin (2), together with other four known limonoids (3-6), were isolated from the fruits of Melia toosendan. Their structures were elucidated by means of extensive spectroscopic analyses (NMR and ESI-MS) and comparisons with the data reported in the literature. The isolated compounds were evaluated for their antibacterial activities. Compound 4 exhibited significant antibacterial activity against an oral pathogen, Porphyromonas gingivalis ATCC 33277, with an MIC value of 15.2 μg·mL(-1). Compound 2 was also active against P. gingivalis ATCC 33277, with an MIC value of 31.25 μg·mL(-1). In conlcusion, our resutls indicate that these compounds may provide a basis for future development of novel antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Fruit , Chemistry , Limonins , Chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Melia , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
13.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 739-742, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277996

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of enhanced nutritional therapy on wound healing after endoscopic therapy in patients with liver cirrhosis and esophageal varices.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty patients with liver cirrhosis and esophageal varices were randomly divided into an enhanced nutritional therapy group (n = 25) and a control group (n = 25). The enhanced nutritional therapy group received one week of enhanced nutritional supplementation, including liver nutritional elements, prior to routine endoscopic therapy. The routine without any change to their diet. The rate of transformation and status of wound healing of esophageal varices were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ratio of ulcers occurring at the injection site was lower in the enhanced nutrition group than in the control group (16/25 vs. 23/25; x2 = 5.711, P = 0.017). The enhanced nutrition group had only one case of minimal bleeding occurring during endoscopy as compared to the seven cases of bleeding in the control group (x2 = 5.357, P = 0.021). On average, the enhanced nutrition group required less sessions of endoscopic treatment to achieve eradication of esophageal varices than the control group (3.8 vs. 4.1; t = 2.069, P = 0.044).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Pre-endoscopic enhanced nutritional therapy may benefit patients with liver cirrhosis and esophageal varices by promoting recovery of procedure-related local tissue injury and occlusion of varices.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Endoscopy , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Nutritional Support , Wound Healing
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358723

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) pretreatment on beta amyloid protein (Abeta) induced impairment of in vivo hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) in the CA1 region of rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-six adult male SD rats were randomly divided into six groups (n = 6): control, Abeta25-35, BDNF, (0.02 microg, 0.1 microg, 0.5 microg) BDNF + Abeta25-35. A self-made hippocampal local drug delivery catheter and a parallel bound stimulating/recording electrode were used to deliver drugs/stimulation and record field excitatory post-synaptic potentials (fEPSPs) in the hippocampal CA1 region of rats. High-frequency stimulation (HFS) was used to induce in vivo LTP.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Abeta25-35 (2 nmol) injection into CA1 region of rats did not affect the baseline fEPSPs, but inhibited the HFS-induced LTP significantly (P < 0.01). (2) Hippocampal CA1 injection of BDNF (0.1 microg) alone did not affect the baseline fEPSPs and HFS-induced LTP. (3) Compared with Abeta25-35 alone group, the averaged amplitude of LTP in BDNF (0.1 microg and 0.5 microg) plus Abeta25-35 groups significantly increased at 0 min, 30 min, and 60 min after HFS (P < 0.01), indicating that pretreatment with BDNF effectively protected against the Abeta,25-35 induced depression of LTP in a dose-dependent manner.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Intrahippocampal injection of BDNF can protect against the Abeta25-35-induced LTP impairment, suggesting that the up-regulation of BDNF in the brain could maintain the normal hippocampal synaptic plasticity and may contribute to the improvement of learning and memory in Alzheimer's (AD) disease patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Amyloid beta-Peptides , Animals , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Pharmacology , CA1 Region, Hippocampal , Physiology , Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials , Physiology , Long-Term Potentiation , Physiology , Male , Peptide Fragments , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326959

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the signal patterns of dual color dual fusion (DCDF) probe and extra signal (ES) probe in the detection of BCR/ABL fusion gene, and illustrate the relation between the fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) pattern and the karyotype.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-five cases of chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML) and 50 cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) were detected by FISH with DCDF probe, the BCR/ABL positive samples were detected by FISH with ES probe. Among these cases, 47 cases of CML and 40 cases of ALL perform conventional cytogenetics simultaneously.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All 65 cases of CML were all BCR/ABL positive by FISH. 17 cases showed the atypical pattern by DCDF-FISH, and 12 cases showed the atypical pattern by ES-FISH. There were 7 cases of BCR/ABL positive in 50 cases of ALL by FISH. By ES-FISH, there were 5 cases in which the break-point of BCR gene was located in m-bcr, 2 cases in which the break-point of BCR gene was located in M-bcr. Conventional cytogenetics demonstrated that 43/44(98%) cases of CML and 7/32(22%) cases of ALL were Ph positive.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The features of DCDF-FISH, ES-FISH and conventional cytogenetic are different from each other. According to the features of these method, it can increase the precision of the adjustment of genetic feature to analyze these results comprehensively.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Cytogenetics , Methods , DNA Probes , Female , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Genetics , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Methods , Karyotyping , Methods , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Genetics , Male , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 475-478, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353372

ABSTRACT

To study the chemical constituents of the fruits of Melia toosendan, three limonoids were isolated and purified by repeated silica gel column chromatography and preparative HPLC from the EtOAc extract of M. toosendan. Their structures were determined by their physico-chemical properties and spectroscopic data (1D-NMR, 2D-NMR) as: 24, 25, 26, 27-tetranorapotirucalla-(apoeupha)-1alpha-tigloyloxy-3alpha, 7alpha-dihydroxyl-12alpha-acetoxyl-14, 20, 22-trien-21, 23-epoxy-6, 28-epoxy (1), nimbolinin B (2), and trichilinin D (3), separately. Compound 1 is a new compound, and compound 2 is obtained from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Fruit , Chemistry , Limonins , Chemistry , Melia , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252161

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a sensitive and specific HPLC fingerprint for the quality controlling of total flavonoids of Folium Apocyni Veneti.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>HPlC analysis was performed on a Kromasil C18 column (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) with the mixture of solvent A [acetonitrile-phosphoric acid (95:5)] and solvent B (0.05% phosphoric acid) in gradient mode at a flow rate of 1.0 mL x min(-1). The detection wavelength was set at 360 nm. The column temperature was set at 25 degrees C and the injection volume was 20 microL.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The chromatographic fingerprint of total flavonoids was established which showed 17 characteristic peaks from 7 patches of total flavonoids products. The similarity from different patches was 0.95-1.00 analyzed by the software of 'Computer-aided Similarity Evaluation' and showed high similitude in peak numbers and the retention time. Moreover, comparison of the HPLC profiles of the total flavonoids with the corresponding Folium Apocyni Veneti leaves indicated that they were closely related to each other.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The chromatographic fingerprint of the total flavonoids with high specificity and can be used to control its quality and assure the homogenicity for each patch of the total flavonoids.</p>


Subject(s)
Apocynum , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Chemistry , Reproducibility of Results
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325871

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To create a stable and reliable model of skin avulsion in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>30 male, SD rats were randomly divided into axial pattern skin flap (9 cm x 3 cm) group and random pattern skin flap group (6 cm x 4 cm), each having the control groups and avulsion groups. Flaps were subjected to avulsion force of 6 kg in axial pattern skin flaps or 8 kg in random pattern skin flaps, and the lasting time was 8 s or 12 s, respectively. Retraction of wounds and necrosis of skin flaps were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was more significant wound retraction in avulsion groups than that in control groups on post-operation day 7 (P < 0.05). The proportion of the wound retraction increased by 1 fold in avulsion groups on post-operation day 14 as compared to post-operation day 7 (P < 0.01). Interestingly, necrosis of partial or most of skin flaps was observed in all animals of avulsion groups, while slight necrosis happened in one of six in control animals. The necrosis area of flaps was 38% - 77% when avulsed for 8 s, and was 40% - 80% when avulsed for 12 s in axial pattern skin flaps. However, the necrosis area in random pattern skin flaps was smaller than that in axial pattern skin flaps, from 17% - 40% when avulsed for 8 s to 24% - 43% when avulsed for 12 s.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>It might be possible to create animal model of skin avulsion injuries with rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Lacerations , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Skin Transplantation , Surgical Flaps
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295394

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the purification process of total flavones and total tannins from Apocynum venetum leaves with macroreticular resin.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The static capacity absorption, dynamic absorption ratio and dynamic elution ratio of different types of macroreticular resins were studied and compared in order to find the best one among the eight macroreticular resins, and the technical process of the type of HPD-400 type macroreticular resin was studied in detail.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The type of HPD-400 type macroreticular resin showed the best comprehensive absorption property with the following technological conditions: the current velocity was 1 BV x h(-1), the volume of distilled water was 2 BV, the eluting reagent was 60% ethanol, and the volume of 60% ethanol was 3 BV.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The purity of total flavones and total tannins in the product is up to 80% after purified with HPD-400 macroreticular resin. Therefore, this purification process is feasible.</p>


Subject(s)
Adsorption , Apocynum , Chemistry , Chromatography, Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Flavones , Chemistry , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Resins, Synthetic , Chemistry , Tannins , Chemistry
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 433-436, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274851

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>The interactions between diorganotin (IV) complexes of 1,3-dimethyl-4-acetyl-5-pyrazolone (HL1) and mono-nucleotides together with DNA near physiological condition were investigated.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The mode of action of the diorganotin (IV) complexes with mononucleotides and DNA under different conditions and different times were investigated by high resolution NMR technology and UV spectra.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The interaction of [(L1)2SnEt2] with AMP was shown to result in significant change of chemical shift of H(8), H(2) and 31P of AMP. Hyperchromic effect of DNA could be observed due to the interaction of; [(L1)2SnEt2] with DNA, while interaction of [(L1)2SnMe2] with AMP and DNA could only cause obvious change of chemical shift of 31P and lead to hypochromic effect of DNA.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results indicate that [(L1)2SnEt2] can selectively bind to the N1 atom of the base and the phosphate oxygen atom of AMP and may further destroy the helical structure of DNA, while the dimethyltin (IV) compound of 1,3-dimethyl-4-acetyl-5-pyrazolone [(L1)2SnMe2] merely binds to the the phosphate oxygen atom of AMP and causes the contraction of DNA helical structure.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Chemistry , DNA , Chemistry , Nucleotides , Chemistry , Organotin Compounds , Chemistry , Porphyrins , Chemistry
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