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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 409-413, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303138

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Double outlet right ventricle (DORV) is a group of complex congenital heart abnormalities. Preoperative pulmonary hypertension (PH) is considered an important risk factor for early death during the surgical treatment of DORV. The aim of this study was to report our experience on surgical treatment of DORV complicated by PH.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2004 to November 2016, 61 patients (36 males and 25 females) aged 2 weeks to 26 years (median: 0.67 years and interquartile range: 0.42-1.67 years) with DORV (two great arteries overriding at least 50%) complicated by PH underwent surgical treatment in our center. All patients were categorized according to surgical age and lesion type, respectively. Pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP), pulmonary artery diastolic pressure (PADP), and mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) were measured directly before cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was established and after CPB was removed. An intracardiac channel procedure was performed in 37 patients, arterial switch procedure in 19 patients, Rastelli procedure in three patient, Senning procedure in one patients, and Mustard procedure in one patient. The Student's t-test and Chi-squared test were performed to evaluate clinical outcomes of the surgical timing and operation choice.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fifty-five patients had uneventful recovery. PASP fell from 55.3 ± 11.2 mmHg to 34.7 ± 11.6 mmHg (t = 14.05, P < 0.001), PADP fell from 29.7 ± 12.5 mmHg to 18.6 ± 7.9 mmHg (t = 7.39, P < 0.001), and mPAP fell from 40.3 ± 10.6 mmHg to 25.7 ± 8.3 mmHg (t = 11.85, P < 0.001). Six (9.8%) patients died owing to complications including low cardiac output syndrome in two patients, respiratory failure in two, pulmonary hemorrhage in one, and sudden death in one patient. Pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) dropped significantly in infant and child patients. Mortality of both infants (13.9%) and adults (33.3%) was high.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PAP of patients with DORV complicated by PH can be expected to fall significantly after surgery. An arterial switch procedure can achieve excellent results in patients with transposition of the great arteries type. Higher incidence of complications may occur in patients with ventricular septal defect (VSD) type before 1 year of age. For those with remote VSD type, VSD enlargement and right ventricle outflow tract reconstruction are usually required with acceptable results. The degree of aortic overriding does not influence surgical outcome.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Methods , Child , Child, Preschool , Double Outlet Right Ventricle , General Surgery , Female , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular , General Surgery , Heart Ventricles , General Surgery , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Infant , Male , Pulmonary Valve Stenosis , General Surgery , Risk Factors , Transposition of Great Vessels , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
2.
Chinese Hospital Management ; (12): 61-62, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666876

ABSTRACT

The service system of Jingyitong has been started,the registration and payment online service has been implemented as well,which improves the efficiency of hospitals,patients' experience,and the environment for medical treatment to a certain extent.However,this system has brought certain internal control issues,especially the risk of financial security management.tn response to these risks,appropriate control measures could be taken to strengthen the internal control management and risk prevention.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1540-1543, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330582

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Ebstein's anomaly (EA) has various spectrums in clinical and anatomic features. This study aimed to report the experience of two-dimensional intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (2D-ITEE) during the EA surgery and to analyze the characteristics of the tricuspid valve (TV) by comparing the data from 2D-ITEE with the results from the surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>2D-ITEE data of 164 patients with EA who were operated in the First Hospital of Tsinghua University between July 2004 and April 2014 were retrospectively analyzed in this study. 2D-ITEE was applied in all patients. Downward displacement distances were measured, and the numbers of downward displacement or absent leaflets were compared with that of the surgery and with that of the two-dimensional-transthoracic echocardiogram (2D-TTE). Data comparison was performed using the Chi-square test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The anterior leaflet partial or total downward displacement was 37.76 ± 17.50 mm in 54 cases, absent in one patient; septal leaflet downward displacement was 29.07 ± 12.34 mm in 134 cases, absent in 17 cases; and posterior leaflet downward displacement was 43.18 ± 19.16 mm in 115 cases, absent in 34 cases. Statistically, there was no significant difference between the results from 2D-ITEE and that of 2D-TTE. The consistency rates of 2D-ITEE with operation for septal and posterior leaflets were 93.2% and 96.1%, respectively, while the rate for anterior was only 40.1%, which was significantly different. Color Doppler flow image showed severe regurgitation in 150 cases and moderate in 14 cases. After surgical correction, moderate regurgitation of TV was found in 58 cases with 2D-ITEE, repair was performed again until the effect was satisfied. No complication occurred relating to the use of 2D-ITEE.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>2D-ITEE could help diagnose anterior leaflet, evaluate the effect of TV repair, increase operational success rate, and reduce complication.</p>

4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 578-583, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275680

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the feasibility, advantages and efficacy of implantation of left atrial and ventricular epicardial dual chamber pacemaker to treat pediatric complete atrioventricular block.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Eleven children with median age 4.0 years (0.5-7.6 years) diagnosed as complete atrioventricular block resisting to drug therapy received implantations of left atrial and ventricular epicardial dual chamber pacemakers. Six were male and five female. Temporal or permanent right ventricular pacing was used for all of them before implantation of left atrial and ventricular epicardial dual chamber pacemakers. Three cases showed cardiac dysfunction. Left lateral thoracotomy was performed at 4th intercoastal space along anterior axillary line under general anesthesia, the pericardium was incised vertically anterior to the phrenic nerve, two pacing leads were individually located at left atrial appendage and left ventricular lateral wall. After all the parameters were detected to be satisfactory, a pouch was made at left abdomen under coastal margin. Dual chamber pacemaker was connected with pacing leads through subcutaneous tunnels. The sizes of heart chambers, cardiac functions, parameters of pacemaker, sensitivity, pacing status, PR interval and QRS interval were closely followed up post-operatively.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Implantations of pacemakers were successful for all of the patients with no complications associated with operations. Preoperative electrocardiograms showed QRS interval (180 ± 33)ms under right ventricular pacing, it decreased to (140 ± 24)ms after implantation of left atrial and ventricular epicardial dual chamber pacemaker, significantly lower than right ventricular pacing (t = 8.8, P < 0.05) . Atrioventricular (AV) interval was set at 90 ms, PR interval (124 ± 4)ms. Echocardiograms performed within 2-3 days after implantation of left atrial and ventricular epicardial dual chamber pacemakers showed that for the 3 cases who were previously under right atrial and right ventricular dual chamber pacing presenting cardiac dysfunction, their left ventricular diastolic diameter (LVDd) decreased from (46.3 ± 12.5) (32.0-55.0) ms to (44.7 ± 12.0) (31.0-53.0) mm and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) increased from 30% ± 15% (18%-47%) to 44% ± 18% (33%-65%). During 2-14 months' follow up, LVEF increased progressively which became significantly higher than before (65% ± 8% vs. 30% ± 15%, t = 5.6, P < 0.05) . Cardiac chamber sizes and left ventricular systolic function for the other 8 patients maintain normal during follow up. Pacing status and sensitivity were satisfactory for all these patients during follow up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Implantation of left atrial and ventricular epicardial pacemaker might be considered for children diagnosed as complete atrioventricular block for whom endocardial pacemaker could not be implanted, due to its utmost protection for cardiac function with minimal injury and its ability to prevent or reverse pacemaker syndrome. Left atrial and left ventricular epicardium should be regarded as the first-choice and routine locations for epicardial pacing.</p>


Subject(s)
Atrioventricular Block , Therapeutics , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Methods , Child , Child, Preschool , Electrodes, Implanted , Equipment Design , Feasibility Studies , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Atria , Heart Defects, Congenital , Heart Ventricles , Humans , Infant , Male , Pacemaker, Artificial , Stroke Volume , Thoracotomy , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2243-2249, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324882

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is the most common malformation of children with an incidence of approximately 10% of congenital heart disease patients. There can be a wide spectrum to the severity of the anatomic defects, which include ventricular septal defect, aortic override, right ventricular outflow tract obstruction, and right ventricular hypertrophy. We examined the relationship between right ventricular hypertrophy in patients with TOF and the gene expression of factors in the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal pathway.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>To gain insight into the characteristic gene(s) involved in molecular mechanisms of right ventricular hypertrophy in TOF, differential mRNA and micro RNA expression profiles were assessed using expression-based micro array technology on right ventricular biopsies from young TOF patients who underwent primary correction and on normal heart tissue. We then analyzed the gene expression of the MAPK signal pathway using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in normals and TOF patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Using the micro RNA chip V3.0 and human whole genome oligonucleotide microarray V1.0 to detect the gene expression, we found 1068 genes showing altered expression of at least two-fold in TOF patients compared to the normal hearts, and 47 micro RNAs that showed a significant difference of at least two-fold in TOF patients. We then analyzed these mRNAs and micro RNAs by target gene predicting software Microcosm Targets version 5.0, and determined those mRNA highly relevant to the right ventricular hypertrophy by RT-PCR method. There were obvious differences in the gene expression of factors in the MAPK signal pathway when using RT-PCR, which was consistent to the results of the cDNA microarray.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The upregulation of genes in the MAPK signal pathway may be the key events that contribute to right ventricular hypertrophy and stunted angiogenesis in patients with TOF.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Hypertrophy, Right Ventricular , Genetics , In Vitro Techniques , Male , MicroRNAs , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Genetics , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , RNA, Messenger , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Signal Transduction , Genetics , Physiology , Tetralogy of Fallot , Genetics
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 461-463, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321484

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Pulmonary artery sarcoma originating from the pulmonary artery is a rare disease and its prognosis is extremely poor. Most patients are initially thought to have pulmonary embolism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Five patients (3 males and 2 females, mean age was (42.0 ± 8.5) years) of primary pulmonary artery sarcomas underwent surgical procedures. Sarcoma resection and right ventricle outflow tract reconstruction were performed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no death 30 days post-operation except one patient. The function of heart was improved to NYHA II.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Given the significant morbidity and mortality of pulmonary artery sarcomas, an aggressive strategy for resection is indicated. Early diagnosis and complete surgical resection is perhaps the best way to improve patients' survival with pulmonary artery sarcoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Artery , Pathology , General Surgery , Sarcoma , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 956-957, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239915

ABSTRACT

This case report we presented is that the anomalous left main coronary artery (LMCA) originates from the proximal segment of right coronary artery. In order to confirm the origin and course of the anomalous LMCA, a multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) of the heart was performed on a 64-slice machine (Philips 64 Slice, Philips, USA) after 6 months of coronary angiography operation. The results showed that the anomalous LMCA originates from the proximal segment of right coronary artery, lies posteriorly to the aorta before taking acute sharply to go between the aorta and left atrium. It was classified as R-II P subtype according to Lipton’s classification. It is a rare case in the clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Aged , Coronary Vessel Anomalies , Diagnosis , Coronary Vessels , Pathology , Humans , Male
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 724-726, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360786

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the surgical strategy and result of one-stage repair for congenital aortic arch disease associated with other cardiac anomalies.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between April 1993 and November 2009, 25 consecutive patients aged 26 d to 6.5 years underwent one-stage repair for congenital aortic arch disease with other cardiac anomalies. Among them, 6 patients had coarctation of aorta, 6 patients had interrupted aortic arch, and 13 cases had hypoplasia of aortic arch. The surgical techniques include excision of the anterior wall of pulmonary artery, resection of patent ductus arteriosus tissue, aortic arch reconstruction with autologous pulmonary artery wall, reconstruction of the pulmonary artery and repair of the associated defects.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty-four patients survived and recovered uneventfully. One patient died of pulmonary hypertension crisis in hospital. The reconstruction of the aorta and the correction of the intracardiac anomalies were proved by postoperative echocardiography and CT scan. There were no neurological or other complications. The follow-up showed that all patients developed normally and there were no restenosis of the aorta arch.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>With the benefits of growth potential and less tension, autologous pulmonary artery tissue is an optimal choice in aortic arch reconstruction. One-stage repair of congenital aortic arch disease associated with other cardiac anomalies can achieve good results.</p>


Subject(s)
Aorta, Thoracic , Congenital Abnormalities , General Surgery , Aortic Coarctation , General Surgery , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Heart Defects, Congenital , General Surgery , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pulmonary Artery , Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 566-569, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238884

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To retrospectively analyze the experiences, indications, technique, and results of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients over 70 years old.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety-one patients received coronary artery bypass grafting from March 2004 to March 2008. Ages ranged from 70 to 83 years old, 22 patients over 75 years old. Conventional CABG (CCABG) in 72 patients, off-pump CABG (OPCAB) in 19 patients. Clinical data has no significant differences in two groups. The rate of using left internal mammary artery was 96.7%. The number of grafts in CCABG and OPCAB group were 2 to 5 (3.5 +/- 0.8) and 1 to 4 (2.9 +/- 0.7) respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In-hospital death in 2 cases, both were from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pulmonary infection. Cerebral infarction in 1 case and pulmonary infection in 2 cases in CCABG group, but no significant difference between two groups, and no difference in intubation, ICU stay, respiratory failure, renal function failure. But number of grafts in CCABG was significantly more than that in OPCAB (P < 0.01). Postoperative follow-up was 3 to 36 months, 1 case with recurrent angina in OPCAB.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>According to the characteristic of coronary artery disease in elderly, fully revascularization and improving myocardial blood supply, patients over 70 years old with CABG can obtain the same efficacy as younger patients. There were not significant difference between CCABG and OPCAB.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Coronary Artery Bypass , Methods , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump , Coronary Disease , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 530-532, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280653

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To review the experience of staged total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) in complex congenital heart diseases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 1998 to March 2008, 22 patients underwent staged TCPC for complex congenital heart diseases. Among them, 9 were univentricular and pulmonary artery valve stenosis; 3 were univentricular and pulmonary artery atresia; 1 was transposition of great arteries, crisscross heart and pulmonary artery valve stenosis; 1 was complete atrioventricular canal defects, left ventricular hypoplasia, pulmonary artery atresia and atrioventricular valvular regurgitation; 1 was complete atrioventricular canal defects, left ventricular hypoplasia, pulmonary artery valve stenosis and atrioventricular valvular regurgitation after Glenn procedure; 1 was mirror image dextrocardia, single ventricle, pulmonary artery atresia, major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs) and right pulmonary arteriovenous fistula after Glenn procedure; 4 were tricuspid atresia and pulmonary artery valve stenosis; 1 was tricuspid atresia and pulmonary atresia; 1 was mirror image dextrocardia, double-outlet of right ventricle, left ventricular hypoplasia, pulmonary artery valve stenosis, tricuspid incompetence, and MAPCAs. Among them, 5 patients received systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunt, bidirectional Glenn procedure and TCPC. Seventeen patients received bidirectional Glenn procedure, the mean age was (5.9+/-4.4) years old. Pulmonary artery pressure pre-Glenn procedure was 17 to 20 mm Hg (1 mm Hg=0.133 kPa). Atrioventricular valve incompetence in 3 patients. Nakata index was less than 200 mm2/m2 in 4 patients before the first stage operation. The age of TCPC procedure was (9.6+/-4.9) years old, the interval time was (3.7+/-1.2) years.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was one in-hospital death, the mortality was 4.5%. The patient with univentricular and pulmonary atresia, received systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunt, bidirectional Glenn procedure and TCPC and died of pneumorrhagia. Other patients were recovered well, postoperative central venous pressure was 12 to 18 mm Hg, percutaneous oxygen saturation was 90% to 96%. The cardiac function were in NYHA class I to II.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The staged TCPC was a good procedure in high-risk Fontan candidates. The results were satisfactory for those patients. This staged strategy may extend the operative indications for the Fontan procedure.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Anastomosis, Surgical , Methods , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Bypass, Right , Methods , Heart Defects, Congenital , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Pulmonary Artery , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Venae Cavae , General Surgery , Young Adult
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814148

ABSTRACT

Single ventricle disease is a complex congenital heart anomaly with a high operative mortality. In the past few years, much progress had been made in surgical treatment of single ventricle. However, some problems in the diagnosis and treatment still remained. Based on the author's experience, the concept, morphology, and pathophysiology were reviewed and indications of various surgical techniques, problems during the operation and post-operation with their strategies were discussed in this article. Most single ventricular diseases are treated by Fontan series surgery; in which better results can be achieved through extra-cardiac conduct. Ventricular separation which is better than Fontan series surgery can be performed on those qualified. If the pulmonary vessels are maldeveloped, systematic to pulmonary shunt is preferred to promote the development of pulmonary vessels. When pulmonary hypertension occurs, Banding procedure is suggested to prevent pathologic changes of pulmonary vessels. The development of pulmonary vessels and total pulmonary resistance varies greatly from patients at different ages. Choosing appropriate patients is the key to obtain satisfactory outcome.The pulmonary vessel resistance and cardiac function status are the most important factors for successful operation.


Subject(s)
Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Methods , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fontan Procedure , Methods , Heart Defects, Congenital , General Surgery , Heart Ventricles , Congenital Abnormalities , General Surgery , Humans , Infant , Male , Pulmonary Artery , General Surgery
12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 999-1003, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355845

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the impact of viable myocardium assessed by (99)Tc()m-MIBI SPECT and (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET imaging in patients with left ventricular aneurysm (LVA) underwent revascularization (RVS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-six consecutive patients with LVA (mean LVEF 36% +/- 7%), underwent (99)Tc(m)-sestamibi SPECT and (18)F-FDG PET examinations and received RVS therapy, were followed-up for a mean period of 80 +/- 27 months. Viable myocardium in aneurysm was defined as perfusion-metabolism mismatch score (MMS) >/= 2.0. Patients were divided into four groups by aneurysm viability and aneurysmectomy. Group A1 (n = 8): viability-; Group A2 (n = 15): viability-, aneurysmectomy; Group B1 (n = 10): viability +; and Group B2 (n = 13): viability +, aneurysmectomy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The cardiac event rates during follow up were similar among groups [A1 (25%, 2/8), B1 (40%, 6/15), A2 (20%, 2/10) and B2 (31%, 4/13; P > 0.05)]. After revascularization, LVEF was improved (> 10%) in groups A2, B1 and B2 (P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that LV-MMS (OR = 2.34, 95% CI 1.08 - 5.06, P < 0.05), distal vessel disease (OR = 0.008, 95% CI 0.001 - 0.560, P < 0.05) and nonaneurysm perfusion score (OR = 0.24, 95% CI 0.07 - 0.85, P < 0.05) were significantly associated with the improvement of LVEF after revascularization.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Long term cardiac events rate post revascularization was not affected by viable myocardium or aneurysmectomy in LVA patients. Viable myocardium in LVA patients was associated with better LVEF improvement after revascularization.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Heart Aneurysm , Diagnostic Imaging , Metabolism , Humans , Middle Aged , Myocardium , Metabolism , Positron-Emission Tomography , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 721-724, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287660

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Anomalous origin of coronary artery from the pulmonary artery is a rare congenital cardiac malformation with a mortality rate of up to 90% within the first year of life without surgical intervention. Direct implantation of the anomalous coronary artery (ACA) into the aorta is successful in early life, but it may have increased surgical difficulty and risk with age. This retrospective study summarized our operative experience in direct implantation for treatment of this coronary anomaly in pediatric and adult patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From August 2000 to January 2003, 4 consecutive patients aged from 9 months to 41 years underwent dual coronary repair. Among them, two children and one infant with anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) and one adult was anomalous origin of right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ARCAPA). Coronary arteries were directly implanted into the ascending aorta in 4 patients. In a boy with ALCAPA associated with moderate mitral insufficiency (MI), whose ACA arose remotely from the ascending aorta, we created a tube-shaped graft using part of the pulmonary arterial wall in continuity with the origin of the left coronary artery (LCA). Concomitant moderate MI was repaired in 2 patients, including this boy, after a dual-coronary repair.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients survived. There were no hospital or late deaths and no major complications as well. Echocardiography revealed that the left ventricular (LV) function including LV end-diastolic dimension (EDD) and ejection fraction (EF) was markedly improved at hospital discharge. At 3 - 6 years follow-up after surgery all patients were asymptomatic and currently in NYHA class I.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The best results are achieved with direct implantation of the ACA into the ascending aorta and simultaneous mitral valve repair if needed. Direct implantation is feasible in pediatric and adult patients with ALCAPA or ARCAPA including the coronary artery in a location remote from the ascending aorta. It is a good procedure to lengthen the ACA by creating a tube-shape graft using part of the pulmonary arterial wall in continuity with the origin of ACA.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures , Methods , Child , Coronary Vessel Anomalies , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Pulmonary Artery , Congenital Abnormalities , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1689-1693, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255525

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Myocardial bridging (MB) is usually considered a benign condition but may result in myocardial ischemia, myocardial infarction (MI), exercise-induced tachycardia, atrioventricular conduction block or even sudden cardiac death. This retrospective study summarizes our operative methods and outcomes for treatment of 31 cases of MB.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 1997 to December 2006, 31 consecutive patients (24 men and 7 women; aged 35 - 67 years; mean 52.3 years) with MB underwent surgical treatment. Thirteen patients had MB only and 18 patients had MB associated with other heart diseases. In preoperative cardiac function grading, 5 patients were in NYHA class I and 18 in NYHA class II and 8 in NYHA class III. Among them, 15 underwent myotomy and 16 underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients survived and recovered uneventfully. Neither hospital or late death nor major complications occurred. Postoperative exercise testing in all patients failed to reveal any persistent ischemia. Follow-up time was 3 - 115 months (mean 31 months). Follow-up angiographic studies in 21 patients (68%) demonstrated restoration of coronary blood flow and myocardial perfusion without significant residual compression of the artery. All patients were symptom-free and currently in NYHA class I - II.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The patients who are refractory to medication should actively undergo the surgical procedures such as myotomy and CABG. Myotomy should be advocated as the first choice because of its safety and satisfactory results.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Bypass , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Bridging , Mortality , General Surgery
15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 805-807, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340913

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To report the experience of extracardiac conduit total cavopulmonary connection (ECTCPC) in surgical treatment of complex congenital heart diseases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From 1998 to 2006, 68 patients underwent ECTCPC for complex congenital heart diseases. Among them, 45 had functional univentricle with transposition of the great artery (TGA) and pulmonary artery valve stenosis, 19 had tricuspid atresia with hypoplasia of right ventricle, 4 had Ebstein's anomaly with hypoplasia of right ventricle. Six had left superior vena cava, 18 had received Bidirectional Glenn operation; Fifty-seven cases were performed under cardiopulmonary bypass with general anesthesia and hypothermia, 11 cases were performed without cardiopulmonary bypass.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were two death, the mortality was 2.9%. All patients were followed up from 1 to 8 years with no clinical symptoms and have been doing well. The arterial oxygen saturation was 90% - 96%, the cardiac function were in NYHA class I - II.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The extra cardiac conduit TCPC is a simple procedure and superior to other type of Fontan procedure in most patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Fontan Procedure , Methods , Heart Defects, Congenital , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1565-1567, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334454

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the approach and the result in tricuspid valve insufficiency treatment by a cusp remodeling technique.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Nine patients with severe tricuspid regurgitation, congenital lack of chordae in 6 cases and traumatic rupture of chordae in 3 cases, underwent surgical repair between April 1997 and March 2006. There were six male and three female. Their ages ranged from 8 years to 57 years. One or two segments of flail leaflets were presented in these patients. Valve repair was performed by suture of the free edge of the affected cusp segment, plication of the segment of annulus devoid of leaflet, and fixation of the neo-annulus with a flexible annuloplasty ring.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients survived and recovered after the operation. Echocardiography showed good coaptation with no regurgitation of the tricuspid valve in six patients and a mild residual tricuspid regurgitation in three. A remarkable decrease in the diameter of the right ventricle (anterior to posterior) was observed: from mean (43.6 +/- 4.2) mm (range 29 mm to 64 mm) preoperatively reducing to mean (24.0 +/- 1.8) mm (range 16 mm to 32 mm) postoperatively. All patients are doing well in 1 month to 109 months follow up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The procedure provided a simple and valuable option for repair of flail leaflet of tricuspid valve caused by congenital lack of chordae or traumatic rupture of chordae.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Tricuspid Valve , General Surgery , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency , General Surgery , Tricuspid Valve Prolapse , General Surgery
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 300-304, 2006.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267135

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Placement of an external support has been reported to prevent intimal hyperplasia of vein grafts. However, it is limited by potential complications. In the present study, we investigated the effect of fibrin glue on preventing vein graft failure as perivenous application.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-four rabbits were divided into non-supported group (n = 12) and fibrin glue group (n = 12). All animals underwent unilateral jugular vein into common carotid artery interposition grafting and then fibrin glue was applied as perivenous support. Samples of tissues were harvested after 4 weeks.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The vein grafts with fibrin glue demonstrated a statistically significant decrease in proliferating cell nuclear antigen in the medial/intimal region [13.38% (11.26% - 15.11%)] compared with non-supported vein grafts [31.22% (27.15% - 35.98%)] (P < 0.001). Light microscopy showed remarkable attenuation of endothelial cell loss and numerous microvessels in neoadventitia in the fibrin glue group compared with the non-supported group. The smooth muscle cells migrated into adventitia significantly in fibrin glue group, whereas the smooth muscle cells migrated into intima in non-supported group. Conclusion Perivenous support of vein graft with fibrin glue in vivo can attenuate the severe injury encountered in the non-supported vein grafts exposed to artery.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Carotid Artery, Common , General Surgery , Cell Movement , Coronary Artery Bypass , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive , Pharmacology , Hyperplasia , Jugular Veins , Transplantation , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Pathology , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Rabbits , Tunica Intima , Pathology
18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 415-421, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295304

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The purpose of this study was to explore the association of gender and age on in-hospital mortality after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) among the Chinese population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 2682 patients (male: 2316, female: 366) who underwent CABG surgery were retrospectively investigated between January 1st, 1997 and December 31st, 2001 for perioperative risk factors and in-hospital mortality rate after CABG.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Preoperative comorbidity rate and postoperative complication rate were higher in women than that in men, although left ventricular ejection fraction was higher and the number of diseased vessels fewer in women than in men. The in-hospital mortality rate was three times higher in women than that in men (3.01% vs. 1.12%, P = 0.001), especially in the younger age group (2.6% vs. 0.5%, P = 0.001, risk-adjusted odds ratio 4.844, 95% CI: 1.549 - 15.142). In older patients, there was no notable difference in in-hospital mortality between the genders (3.7% for women vs. 2.4% for men, P = 0.383).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Chinese woman, especially in younger age, had a higher in-hospital mortality rate post CABG than that in men, suggesting that younger female gender is an independent risk factor for in-hospital mortality after CABG. Future studies are warranted to clarify the underlying mechanisms.</p>


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Aged , China , Epidemiology , Coronary Artery Bypass , Mortality , Female , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Period , Risk Factors , Sex Factors
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305471

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate surgical methods and results of extracardiac conduit total cavopulmonary anastomosis (EC-TCPA) without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From May 2000 to April 2003, 11 patients with functional univentricle underwent off-pump EC-TCPA (no-CPB group). Their postoperative outcome was retrospectively compared with a 17-patient group who underwent EC-TCPA with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB group) over a concurrent time period.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was 1 operative death in no-CPB group and 2 in CPB group; early postoperative hemodynamics appeared to significantly improve in no-CPB group. Blood and platelet transfusions decreased and blood plasma transfusion significantly lowered in no-CPB group compared with CPB group (P = 0.036). Postoperative courses of patients in no-CPB group were smooth and event free, and extubation time was substantially short Intensive cares unit stay (P = 0.04) and hospital stay (P = 0.02) postoperation were significantly shorter, hospital costs were significantly reduced (P = 0.004) in no-CPB group compared with CPB group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>EC-TCPA without use of CPB is not a difficult procedure; the procedure results in improvement in postoperative hemodynamics, and decreased use of blood and blood products. It is a more efficient operation with more short recovery time and reduced hospital stay.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Blood Pressure , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Bypass, Right , Methods , Heart Defects, Congenital , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies
20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 52-54, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311153

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the efficiency of surgical treatment on coarctation of the aorta and associated with heart defect.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From 1994 to 2001, 45 patients with aortic coarctation and associated with heart defect underwent surgical repair. They were divided into two groups: single-stage repair group (26 cases) and two-stage repair group (19 cases). There was mild or severe pulmonary hypertension in 23 cases (with mean pulmonary artery pressure being 56 mm Hg). There were two incisions used in first-stage group (single midline incision in 21 cases and left-side combined midline incision in 5 cases). The mean course for the second operation was 105 days in second-stage group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two patients died in each group. Twenty-four patients had not blood pressure difference between arm and leg after operation. The mean systolic blood pressure difference was less than 10 mmHg in 10 patients. Mean period of follow-up was 28.6 months. No patients died and had re-coarctation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The operative results showed no difference between single-stage and two-stage repair in surgical correction of aortic coarctation associated intracardiac defect. The left-side combined midline incision in single-stage operation was an effective and safe technique.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aortic Coarctation , General Surgery , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Defects, Congenital , General Surgery , Humans , Infant , Male , Treatment Outcome
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