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1.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 821-825, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993899

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine differences in urodynamic changes between central neurogenic bladder(CNB)and peripheral neurogenic bladder(PNB)in elderly patients.Methods:A total of 57 elderly patients over 60 years old with neurogenic bladder(NB)were divided into a CNB group and a PNB group based on the types of nerve injuries.Data on urodynamic parameters recorded for the two groups were compared and analyzed.Results:The rate of detrusor overactivity(DO)in the CNB group was significantly higher than that in the PNB group [66.7%(16/24)vs.36.4%(12/33), χ2=5.105, P=0.024]. There were significant differences between the two groups in maximum bladder capacity(MCC)[(277.8±101.1)in the CNB group vs.(481.4±110.2)ml in the PNB group, t=-7.149, P=0.001]and in safe bladder capacity(SBC)[(283.2±28.8)ml in the CNB group vs.(348.6±33.9)ml in the PNB group, t=-7.636, P=0.000]. There was no significant difference between the two groups in the maximum urine flow rate, residual urine volume, urination volume, leak point pressure, or detrusor pressure at the maximum urine flow rate(all P>0.05). In the CNB group, 8 patients had normal bladder sensation, 4 had disappeared bladder sensation, 10 had decreased sensation, and 2 had increased sensation.In the PNB group, 9 patients had normal bladder sensation, 4 had disappeared bladder sensation, 14 had decreased sensation, and 2 had increased sensation.There was no statistical significance in SBC between different sensation levels within each group( P>0.05). Conclusions:There are differences in urodynamic characteristics between the elderly patients with CNB and those with PNB.Decreases in MCC, SBC and DO are more likely to occur in CNB.

2.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 155-160, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993299

ABSTRACT

Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy is an important surgical undertaking, mostly used for benign and malignant tumors in the pancreatic head and periampullary region. The postoperative pancreatic fistula is the main factor to cause death after pancreaticoduodenectomy, and pancreaticojejunostomy is an independent risk factor for pancreatic fistula. In order to reduce the incidence of pancreatic fistula, surgeons have proposed dozens of pancreaticojejunostomy, but so far there are no randomized trials proved which method of pancreaticojejunostomy is better than the others. This article reviews the methods and characteristics of different pancreaticojejunostomy in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1712-1715, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701973

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of thunderstorm moxibustion in the treatment of upper extremity spasm after stroke,and to provide basis for the rehabilitation nursing of the upper limb spasticity after clinical stroke.Methods From August 2015 to August 2016,A total of 120 patients with upper limb spasticity after stroke in Dongzhimen Hospital were selected as study objects and divided into two groups according to the random number table,with 60 cases in each group.The observation group received thunder fire moxibustion treatment on the basis of conventional treatment.The control group was treated by traditional routine treatment and nursing.The recovery of upper limb function,clinical efficacy and patients' satisfaction were observed.Results After treatment,the degree of spasm in the observation group was (19.7 ±2.1)points,which was significantly better than (26.8 ±2.6) points in the control group,the difference was statistically significant(t =4.261,P =0.0023).The effective rate of the observation group was 94.0% (47/50),which was significantly higher than 75.9% (37/50) of the control group,the difference was statistically significant(x2 =4.346,P =0.021).The total satisfaction rate of the observation group was 95.0% (57/60),which was significantly higher than 76.7% (46/60) of the control group,and the difference was statistically significant(x2 =4.016,P =0.028).Conclusion Thunderstorm moxibustion can effectively alleviate the upper limb spasm after stroke,and improve the Ashworth spasm scale spasticity score,clinical efficacy and patients' satisfaction.

4.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 303-307, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515387

ABSTRACT

Objective Evaluation of the effect of manual reduction with small external fixation on the treatment of elderly Barton fractures.Methods A total of 244 elderly patients with Barton fractures were divided into conservative group (n=126) and operation group (n=118) according to random number table. The conservative group was treated by with manual reduction with small external fixation, and the operation group was treated with open reduction and internal fixation. The complications of the patients, the time of fracture healing, hospitalization time and treatment cost were recorded.The wrist function was evaluated by PRWE wrist score system and Wrightington wrist function score system.The clinical efficacy was evaluated by Gartland-Werley Colles fracture evaluation method.Results The excellent and good effect rate was 91.3% (115/126) in the conservative group and 97.5% (115/118) in the operation group. There was no significant difference between the two groups(χ2=0.857,P=0.354). One year, 6 months, 3 months and 6 weeks after treatment, in the conservative group, the PRWE score (10.4 ± 7.9, 19.1 ± 8.0, 40.5 ± 7.8, 55.7 ± 8.1vs. 80.8 ± 8.2,F=113.665), wrightington score (8.2 ± 3.7, 13.2 ± 4.0, 21.4 ± 3.9, 26.3 ± 4.2vs. 30.1 ± 4.2,F=121.348) were significantly lower than those before treatment (P<0.01). And in the operation group, the PRWE score (10.2 ± 7.8, 15.0 ± 8.0, 26.5 ± 8.0, 44.7 ± 8.2vs. 79.6 ± 8.6,F=81.411), Wrightington score (8.1 ± 3.8, 12.1 ± 4.0, 16.5 ± 4.0, 20.6 ± 4.3vs. 29.8 ± 4.6,F=69.113) were significantly lower than those before treatment (P<0.01). But there was no significant difference in PRWE score and Wrightington scores between the two groups after treatment (t=0.149, 0.104,P=0.881, 0.917, respectively). In the conservative group, the hospitalization time (5.28 ± 2.10 dvs. 12.8 ± 2.21d,t=25.260) was significantly shorter than that of the control group (P<0.01), and the treatment cost (3.26 ± 0.93 thousandvs. 28.66 ± 1.04 thousand,t=200.369) was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.01). The overall incidence of complication was 8.7% (11/126) in the conservative group and 17.8% in the surgery group (21/118). There was significant difference between the two groups(χ2=4.396,P=0.036).Conclusions The manual reduction with small splint external fixation was simple, low cost, small trauma, short hospitalization time, and less complications.

5.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 508-511, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616077

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of Chinese herbal fumigation combined with CPM promote the function recovery after Postoperative Patellar Fracture. Methods Eighty patients with patellar fracture were randomly divided into treatment group (40 cases) and control group (40 cases). The control group was treated with CPM. The treatment group was treated with Chinese Herbal Fumigation and CPM. After 8th weeks, the clinical curative effect, knee range of motion and KSS knee score were observed and compared. Results The effect rate of the treatment group was 87.5% (35/40), and the control group was 65.0% (26/40). The difference was statistically significant (χ2=5.591, P<0.01). After treatment, the range of motion of knee joint (138.38°± 7.82°vs. 0.29°± 7.83°, t=10.338), KSS knee function score (88.38 ± 9.52 vs. 3.46 ± 9.36, t=2.330) of the treatment group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Conclusions The Chinese medicine fumigation combined with CPM functional exercise could accelerate the recovery of knee function and reduce the complications of fracture after patellar fracture.

6.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 922-925, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609764

ABSTRACT

AIM To investigate the effects of Sanqi Huayu Oral Liquid (Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma,Corydalis Rhizoma) on femoral shaft comminuted fracture caused by trauma in perioperative period of high-risk groups.METHODS One hundred and twenty patients meeting the inclusion criteria were randomly and equally divided into treatment group and control group.The control group was treated by low molecular weight heparin calcium injection,while the treatment group was additionally given Sanqi Huayu Oral Liquid.Two groups' levels of serum IL-6,TNF-α and D-D were detected on pre-operation and the 1 st,3rd,7th after operation,respectively.Additionally,the adverse drug reactions were also observed.RESULTS There were no statistically significant differences in the levels of serum IL-6,TNF-α and D-D between the two groups before operation.The first day after operation,the levels of serum IL-6,TNF-α and D-D between the two groups showed increasing trends,which had similar elevated levels without statistically significant differences.The third day after operation,the levels of serum IL-6,TNF-α and D-D between the two groups presented downward trends,but those in the treatment group were decreased more markedly with statistically significant differences.Furthermore,the seventh day after operation,the levels of serum IL-6,TNF-α and D-D between the two groups were lower than those before the operation,and these indices in the treatment group were lower than those in the control group with statistically significant differences.CONCLUSION Sanqi Huayu Oral Liquid can not only effectively reduce the levels of serum IL-6,TNF-α and D-D in perioperative period of high-risk groups,but also prevent the formation of deep vein thrombosis.

7.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 916-921, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609645

ABSTRACT

AIM To investigate the preventive effects of Shangke Huangshui Gauze (Scutellariae Radix,Coptidis Rhizoma,Phellodendri chinensis Cortex,etc.) on vascular crisis after digital replantation.METHODS Sixty-eight cases of patients with amputated digits meeting the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into observation group (36 cases with 57 fingers) and control group (32 cases with 54 fingers),the former was wet-dressed with Shangke Huangshui Gauze,the latter was bandaged with sterile dry gauze.The observation and comparison were made between the two groups on four coagulation indexes,visual analog scores (VAS),improvement of swelling degrees,the occurrence rates and survival rates of vascular crisis after operation,together with the evaluation of efficacy and adverse reaction.RESULTS In the observation group,the 7th day after operation,the prothrombin time,activated partial thromboplastin time,international normalized ratio,thrombin time and swelling improvement rate were higher than those in the control group;but the fibrinogen and postoperative 4 days' VAS pain score were lower than those in the control group.The incidence rates of vascular crisis and adverse reaction in the observation group were lower than those in the control group,and the survival rate of replanted fingers was higher than that in the control group.CONCLUSION Shangke Huangshui Gauze can prevent the occurrence of vascular crisis after digital replantation to a certain extent without obvious adverse reaction.

8.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3539-3541, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606938

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the reliability and reproducibility of three different classification systems of Tile,Young Burgess and AO in pelvic fracture.Methods One hundred cases of pelvic fractures conforming to the inclusion standard and with intact imaging data were selected and classified according to these 3 classification methods by the orthopedic surgeons.The retyping was performed at 8 weeks after disorganizing the order.Then reliability and reproducibility analysis was performed by using the Kappa values and typing consistency.Results The reliability Kappa values during the two periods before and after the Tile classification were 0.743 and 0.745 respectively,and the reproducibility Kappa value was 0.771;the reliability Kappa values during the two periods before and after the Young-Burgess classification were 0.587 and 0.590 respectively,and the reproducibility Kappa value was 0.691;the reliability of Kappa values during the two periods before and after the OA classification were 0.402 and 0.406 respectively,and the reproducibility Kappa value was 0.498.Conclusion the Tile classification has better reliability and reproducibility than the other two classifications in pelvic fracture,which is easy to master and apply.

9.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 53-57, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506179

ABSTRACT

Objective To estabhsh an ischemic model of intratemporal facial nerve (IFN) via the mastoid process approach.Methods From February,2015 to December,2015,45 SD rats were divided randomly into an operation group (n=35) and a shame group (n=10) in random,the right side facial nerve was used for the operation and the left side served as the control in both groups.Establish the IFN ischemia model by interrupting the petrosal artery through the mastoid process approach.Facial nerve function were evaluated at the 12h and everyday postoperatively for 28 days.The degree of IFN swelling were studied by taking paraffin sections of the decalcified temporal bone containing the IFN instantly and at the 1st,3rd,7th,14th and 21st days postoperatively.Then calculated the ratio of the cross-sectional area of the IFN and the facial canal (FN/FC).The data of behavior assessment and FC/FN were analyzed using ANOVA.Twenty-eight days after the insult,took continuous sections of brainstem containing facial nucleus,then counted the number of the facial neurons.At last,analysed the results of both operation and control sides in each group by using the student-t test.Results Facial nerve paralysis developed at 12 hour after surgery,then continued deteriorated till the 7th day.By the 28th day postoperatively,all rats in surgery group recovered and data showed no significance statistically when compared with the shame group (P<0.05).From the value of FN/FC in different groups,the nerve were found swelling in the facial canal was increasing from the 1st postoperatively and reach the peak value at the 7th day after surgery.By the 21st day,the FN/FC come to steady but remain significant statistically when compared with the contralateral side(P<0.05).In the operation group,facial neurons of injury side exhibited significantly loss [(41.5±3.8)%] when compared with the shame group [(98.1±4.0)%](P<0.05).Conclusion Rats with petrosal artery interrupted exhibited significant deficits.This approach involved less tissue injury,studies on the mechanisms and therapy could become more reliable using this approach.

10.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 859-861, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498493

ABSTRACT

Chest contusion is the soft-tissue injury disorders that the external violence directly destroys the chest wall and the soft tissues, causing chest pain, fullness, and symptoms aggravate when the chest moves. Chinese medicine showed many treatments with clinical efficacy. Therefore, Chinese medicine has been widely used in clinics. This paper was to review the research progress of Chinese medicine treatment for chest contusion.

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