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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712025

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the value of ultrasound in diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules with rim calcification. Methods Sixty thyroid nodules with rim calcifications from Sun Yat-sen University Cancer center which were detected on ultrasound from January 2008 to December 2015 were included in this study, and all the thyroid nodules had pathological results. Ultrasonic features of thyroid nodules, including the size, border, internal echo, growth pattern, rear echo, interruption or inner sink of the rim calcification and hypoechoic soft tissue extrusion around rim calcification were analyzed. Results Thirty-seven nodules (61.7%) were confirmed to be benign, and twenty-three nodules (38.3%) were malignant. The ultrasonic features of interruption or inner sink of rim calcifications and hypoechoic soft tissue extrusion around rim calcification, were more often in malignant nodules than benign nodules. The sensitivity, specificity, the positive predictive values and the negative predictive values for interruption or inner sink of rim calcifications were 85.7%, 89.4%, 85.7% and 89.4%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, the positive predictive values and the negative predictive values for hypoechoic soft tissue extrusion around rim calcification were 81.3%, 94.4%, 92.9% and 85.0%, respectively. Internal hypoechogenicity was more frequently observed in the malignant nodules (82.6%) than in benign nodules (40.5%). The longitudinal growth pattern of thyroid was more frequently observed in malignant nodules (30.4%) than in benign nodules (2.7%). The differences of this two ultrasound features were statistically significant(χ2=9.958 and 9.440,both P<0.01).There were no significant differences in size,border and the rear echo between malignant and benign nodules (all P>0.05). Conclusion The interruption or inner sink of the rim calcification could be useful in differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules with rim calcification.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637433

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of contrast-enhanced ultrasonograhy (CEUS) in preoperative classification of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) microvascular morphology.Methods Totally 94 HCC patients who underwent CEUS were analyzed retrospectively. And the offline Time-intensity curve (TIC) were drawn using SonoTumor. The tumor size, alpha fetoprotein (AFP), cirrhosis, Child-Pugh classifi cation, tumor differentiation and TNM stage were statistically analyzed. The intratumoralmicrovessels of HCC in 94 cases were evaluated by CD34 immunohistochemical staining. The relationship between intratumoral microvessel morphology and CEUS parameters were analyzed.Results CD34 immunohistochemical staining showed three distinct microvessel types in 94 cases of HCC: 28 cases of capillary-like type, 14 cases of sinusoid-like type and 52 cases of mixed type. There were no significant differences of clinical data among three microvascular morphology types. The parameters of peak strength (PE), rise time (RT), wash-in rate (WiR), wash-in perfusion index (WiPI), wash-in area under the curve (WiAUC) and mean transit time (MTT) in 28 cases of capillary-like type were (4350.7±2566.0) a.u, (10.7±3.2) s, (717.0±489.9) a.u, (12820.3±8331.6 )a.u, (128 240.8±74 487.1) a.u, (71.9±33.1)s. Those parameters in 14 cases of sinusoid-like type were (2471.6±1107.1) a.u, (16.2±4.2)s, (321.9±171) a.u, (5 561.4±2 938.0) a.u, (86 780.1±47 563.7) a.u, (117.8±69.6)s. And in 52 cases of mixed type they were (3563.2±2343.1) a.u, (14.1±4.8)s, (519.4±403.2) a.u, (9 015.3±6 884.7)a.u, (128 240.8±74 487.1) a.u, (71.9±33.1) s respectively. The CEUS parameters of WiR, WiPI in capillary-like type HCC patients were higher than sinusoid-like type and mixed type HCC patients, while RT was lower than sinusoid-like type and mixed type HCC patients, and the differences were signifi cant (WiR: t=3.87, 3.3, bothP=0.05; WiPI: t=2.96, 2.06, bothP=0.05; RT: t=3.19, 2.34, bothP=0.05). The parameter of PE in capillary-like type HCC patients were signifi cantly higher than that in sinusoid-like type HCC patients (t=2.51,P=0.05). And the parameter of PE in capillary-like type HCC patients was higher than mixed HCC patients, but there was no signifi cant difference. The parameters of PE, WiR and WiPI in mixed type HCC patients were higher than that in sinusoid-like type HCC patients, while RT in mixed type HCC patients were lower than that in sinusoid-like type HCC patients, but there were no signifi cant differences. No signifi cant differences of WiAUC and MTT were observed in HCC patients with different microvascular morphology.Conclusions There were signifi cant differences of CEUS parameters in different microvascular morphology types. And CEUS, as a non-invasive method, can be used for preliminary preoperative prediction of microvascular morphology in HCC patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636776

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feature of level Ⅱaxillary lymph nodes from breast cancer detected by ultrasound. Methods Eighty-nine cases of breast cancers with level Ⅱaxillary lymph nodes diagnosed in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from January 2008 to October 2013 were retrospectively studied, including 66 cases of breast cancer patients pre-operatively, 23 cases of breast cancer post-operatively, all cases were female. The number, size, long/short ratio, presence of a hilum, and Doppler features of the lymph nodes were observed. The accuracy sensitivity, speciifcity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of each signiifcant parameter were analyzed. Results Ultrasound examination revealed more than axillary lymph nodes, the accuracy sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of diagnosing lymph nodes were 71.9%, 56.8%, 89.7%, 87.9%and 61.4%respectively. The maximum diameter of levelⅡaxillary lymph node was more than or equal to 10 mm, the accuracy sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of diagnosing lymph nodes were 67.4%, 58.0%, 79.5%, 78.4%and 59.6%respectively. If there were two ultrasonographic characteristics simultaneously, the diagnostic sensitivity (87.8%) and accuracy (78.6%) could be significantly improved, the specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of diagnosing lymph nodes were 60.0%, 72.3%and 80.0%. Conclusion The number and size of lymph nodes in level Ⅱaxillary area are valuable sonographic characteristics for the diagnosis of benign and malignant lymph nodes.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-552846

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the causes of dual damage during lumbar disc surgery and to probe the prevention and treatment of cerebrospinal fluid leakage after surgery.Methods Clinical materials of 19 cases suffered from cerebrospinal fluid leakage after surgery from March 1997 to October 2001 were retrospectively analyzed.Result Eighteen out of 19 patients were cured by conservative measurements while one was reoperatived for repairing dura mater.Conclusions The rate of cerebrospinal fluid leakage can be decreased by detailed preoperative preparation and strict operation; repairing dura mater in operation and regular conservative treatment after operation can cure most of cerebrospinal fluid leakage. Few cases failing to conservative treatment need reoperation for repairing dura mater.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-583636

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical application of anterior approach microendoscopic discectomy for cervical spondylosis. Methods Clinical data of 21 cases of cervical spondylosis from October 2001 to June 2002 treated by anterior approach decompression with bone allograft or autograft for cervical fusion by means of microendoscopic discectomy system were reviewed. Results The mean intraoperative blood loss was 150 ml. The drainage was removed 48 hours and the stitches taken out 5 days after the operations. The mean hospital stay was 10 days. All the patients got out of bed for motion wearing a cervical collar 2 days after the operations. Follow-up ranged 6~12 months with a mean of 9 months.The outcome was determined using Odom grading. Of the 21 cases, 16 were classified as excellent results, 4 as good, 1 as poor, the rate of excellent or good results being 95%.Complications were found in 3 cases:rupture of threaded fusion cage in 1 case;hoarseness in 1 case;and multiple infarction of brain stem in 1 case. Conclusions Anterior approach microendoscopic discectomy in the treatment of cervical spondylosis has the advantages of minimal invasion and rapid recovery. It offers a clear surgical vision for vertebral posterior margin and effective protection for blood vessels and nerves, conforming to the standards of minimally invasive surgery.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-535643

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the cause and treatment effect of pelvis obliquity accompanied with the gluteal muscle contracture. Methods 84 cases of gluteal muscle contracture with pelvis obliquity and their pelvis obliquity direction were examined. During surgery it was emphasized that release of the glutaeus minimus and glutaeus medius muscle contracture must be complete in order to expect correction of pelvis obliquity. Results Among the 84 cases of gluteal contracture with the pelvis obliquity, 76(90% ) cases had gluteal muscle contracture of the longer limp. Follow-up had been done in 68 cases for 2.6 years. The pelvis obliquity disappeared completely in 63 of the 68 cases. Among the 63 cases, 61 cases underwent operation once while 2 cases needed revision operation. 3 of 68 cases were corrected partly. The other two cases had unstability in steps as a result of poor function of the gluteal abductors. Conclusion The main cause of the pelvis obliquity is contracture of the glutaeus minimus and medius muscles. The glutaeus minimus muscle contracture is an important factor that cause the pelvis obliquity in gluteal muscle contracture and should be released completely by surgery.

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