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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 24-30, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508344


Objective To explore the clinical efficacy and indications of kyphoplasty with movement and secondary en?largement of balloon for the compression fracture of vertebral body with ruptured posterior wall. Methods A retrospective analy?sis was carried out on the data of 29 patients (10 males, 19 females;age range:55-86 years old;mean age:71 years old;29 verte?bral bodies in total) who suffered from compression fracture of the thoracolumbar spine and below, and underwent kyphoplasty through the movement and secondary enlargement of balloon within the vertebral body and were followed up from January 2011 to November 2014. These patients had backache, accompanied by lowered support, limitation of movement, no symptom of nervous lesion on both lower extremities and no past history of balloon kyphoplasty. All fractured vertebral bodies were at T 11 or below, in?cluding 1 case at T11, 4 cases T12, 11 cases L1, 9 cases L2 and 4 cases L3. The causes of injury included fall (19 cases), car accident (8 cases) and unknown reasons (2 cases). All patients underwent kyphoplasty with the movement and secondary enlargement of bal?loon within the vertebral body. Photos were taken immediately after the surgery, at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months, and these patients were assessed and analyzed in terms of vertebral height, Cobb angle, visual analogue score (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI). Results The operation time (including the formation and solidification of bone cement) of 29 patients was 40 to 65 min and the mean time was 55 ± 7 min;the blood loss during operation was 2 to 15 ml and the mean blood loss was 5 ± 2 ml;the injected volume of bone cement was 2.5-7.5 ml and the mean volume was 5.5±0.5 ml. Post?operative pain was relieved and ambulation was performed under the protection of lumbar orthosis brace. Statstical analysis was conducted on VAS, ODI, vertebral height and Cobb angle before operation and at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months after operation, showing statistically significant differences. X ray examination found that there was no alternation or displacement of bone cement location, and no change in vertebral morphology, the vertebral height and cobb angle remained the post?operative status, and posterior wall rupture of the vertebral body was recovered well. CT revealed that the morphology of bone cement was irregular and closely integrated with bone substance, and no cavity or fissure was seen. Conclusion Kyphoplasty with movement and secondary enlargement of bal?loon within the vertebral body has a good, definite clinical efficacy in treating compression vertebral fracture with incomplete pos?terior wall of the vertebral body without obvious displacement of fractured bone and symptom of nervous lesion on both lower ex?tremities. This surgery is easy to operate, and has an immediate analgesic effect, which could recover vertebral height as well as re?duce kyphosis deformity and improve patient’s prognosis.

Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 88-95, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485830


Objective To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of double balloon dilation in percutaneous kyphonplasty on curing vertebral?compression fractures. Methods From January 2009 to September 2013, 84 patients (94 vertebral bodies) with vertebral compression were treated by percutaneous kyphonplasty. All were fresh fractures and were injured or obvious low back pain 1 month, accompanied by local tenderness, kowtow attack painful, lumbar mobility, but no lower extremity injury numbness, activities and defecation disorders. After randomization, the double balloon dilation in percutaneous kyphonplasty method was used to treat 44 patients (49 vertebrae). In the process of performing percutaneous unilateral pedicle puncture and balloon dilata?tion of the vertebral body, the balloon has been moved some distance in the vertebral body. Then completed the perfusion of bone cement, vertebral body forming. 40 cases (45 vertebrae) were used conventional unilateral percutaneous kyphonplasty to vertebtal compression fractures. Recorded the operation time, amount of bleeding, bone?cement injection volume. Used visual analogue scale (VAS), the height of the vertebral body and Cobb angle to evaluated the curative effect. Results All 84 patients completed the operation, follow?up time was 22 months (18-24 months). In two mobile open expansion group, the operation time was about 48 min. The amount of bleeding was 8-15 ml. The average bone?cement injection volume was 5.1 ml. No patients quit the study and no bone cement?leakage cases or other side effects were observed , and no clinical accidents occurred. In a single stretching group, 40 cases (45 vertebrae) completed conventional vertebroplasty, the time of 44 min, bone cement average injection rate 3.2 ml, bleeding 10-15 ml. In two mobile open expansion group, the VAS score was 8.5 points, the height of the vertebral body height was 2.1cm, and the Cobb angle was 34°. After operation, the VAS score 2.9 points, the height of the vertebral body 2.8 cm, and Cobb 20° . In the other group, the pain was significantly relieved and the relief was satisfactor after operation.Vertebral height of 2 cm turned to the last follow?up of 2.4 cm. The Cobb angle was 32°, and the last follow?up was 27°. The VAS score, operation time and bleeding volume of the two groups were not statistically significant, and a statistically significant difference of the average bone ce?ment injection volume, postoperative vertebral height and cobb angle improved with statistical significance. A single open group were 2 cases of bone cement leakage and leakage, 1 cases of bone cement tail, the complication rate was 5.6%. Conclusion The application of double balloon dilation in percutaneous kyphonplasty to vertebral?compression fractures improve relocation of verte?bral compression fractures, increase recovery of vertebral height, and more effectively strengthen and stiffen pathological vertebral bodies, while improving kyphosis. Moreover, it can reduce pressure during bone?cement injections, minimizing the chance of over?flow and leakage, as well as the related side effects, but it will also result in an increase of bone cement?injection volume.