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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478141

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a rapid and accurate method, and to determine the density of mice and rats sperm with enzyme-labeled instrument.Methods ①The optimal wavelengths and the regression equation set up: After six Kunming mice and six Sprague-Dawley rats were sacrificed, the left epididymis was separated and fully cut up in phosphate buffer saline.With water bath, the sperm were fully dissociated.Using the enzyme-labeled instrument to detect the wavelength absorbance respectively under different wavelength and fitting absorbance curve.The best wavelength will be the most close to 1 of the correlation coefficient ( R2 ) and the standard deviation of minimum.After ten Kunming mice and ten Sprague-Dawley rats were sacrificed,the sperm suspension of different concentration gradient were got.The regression equation of the sperm density and absorbance was established by using enzyme-labeled instrument and haemocytometer.②The test of sperm absorbance stability: Mice and rats,six respectively,were used to make the sperm suspension.Samples were put in room temperature (25℃) or 37℃water bath continued,and after water bath about 0,20,30,40,50, 60 min,the change of absorbance was recorded.③The regression equation verification:The mice were administrated orally with 20% ethanol solution for 30 days to make oligospermia.In order to verify the new method, two different method were used to get the sample sperm.Results The optimal absorbancy-sperm density curve could be established at 380 nm.The means of KM mice sperm count ( x1 ) and absorbance ( y1 ) are showed to be the linear function,and the linear regression equation is y1 =2 ×10 -9 x1 +0.0648, R2 =0.9743.The means of SD rat sperm count ( x2 ) and absorbance (y2) are showed to be the linear function,and the linear regression equation is y2 =5 ×10 -9x2 +0.0621,R2 =0.9940.SD rat sperm suspension liquid after 60 min in water bath, absorbance value at 0 min significantly decreased(P<0.05), but at room temperature after 40 min significantly increased ( P<0.05); KM mice sperm suspension in the water bath and under the condition of normal temperature after 50 min, compared with the 0 min, absorbance value increased significantly(P<0.05).Compared with control group, sperm density of ethanol oligozoospermia group by enzyme standard detector and standard curve calculation were significantly decreased ( P <0.05 );compared with absorbancy-sperm density equation, determination of ethanol oligozoospermia group of sperm density by cell counting plate method had not significant difference.The results suggested absorbancy-sperm density equation could effectively detect the reduction of the mice sperm in oligospermia.Conclusion Using enzyme-labeled instrument to set up the curve of absorbancy-sperm density equation can estimate the sperm density of mice and rats rapidly and exactly.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460213

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the changes of bladder volume , pressures and pelvic nerve firing induce by different speeds and ways of instillation .METHODS:Female SD rats (n=20) were randomly divided into 2 groups.The rats in group A was performed using 3-F polyethylene tubing inserted into the bladder through the urethra .The rats in group B were performed using 3-F tubing inserted into the dome of the bladder and secured by silk suture .The rats in both groups were infused with saline into the bladder at different speeds of 50, 100, 200 and 400μL/min.The changes of bladder vol-ume and pressure were recorded by urodynamic measuring devices .The changes of pelvic nerve firing during instillation were recorded by multi-channel physiologic recorder .RESULTS:In group A, the maximum firing frequency , bladder leak point pressure ( BLPP) and maximum voiding pressure ( MVP) were increased with the increase in the instillation speed . No significant difference of the maximum bladder capacity (MBC) at different speeds was observed .In group B, the maxi-mum firing frequency had no significant difference at different speeds .MBC was decreased with the increase in the instilla-tion speed , and exhibited significant decrease at 200 and 400 μL/min.No significant difference of BLPP and MVP at dif-ferent speeds was observed .Compared with group A , the maximum firing frequency and MBC in group B significantly de-creased at different speeds .However , BLPP and MVP in group B were higher than those in group A at the speeds of 50 and 100 μL/min.CONCLUSION:Different instillation speeds with the method of group A will not change the bladder volume but influence the pelvic nerve firing , so the process of method A may take various speeds according to different aims .How-ever, process of method B at the speed of over 200 μL/min may not be good to MBC, thus instillation under 200 μL/min is re-commended .

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260719

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the influence of Suoquan capsule (SQJN) on the detrusor of D-galactose mimetic rats, and to explore the mechanism of reducing urine.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Investigate the enzymes (ATPase, SDH, SOD, MDA, Na+ -K+ -ATPase, Ca2+ - Mg2+ -ATPase) which influence the production and excretion of urine and the reactivity of urinary detrusor strips to different concentrations of ISO and ATP.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the model group, the activity of SOD, Na+ -K+ -ATPase, Ca2+ -Mg2+ -ATPase and SDH increased significantly in aging rats after administrating SQJN (P < 0.01); the complaisance and elasticity of bladder also increased (P < 0.05). The frequency of spontaneous contraction and the MDA decreased significantly (P < 0.05-0.01). The decreased relaxation response to ISO and increased contractile response to ATP were also changed after administrating SQJN.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SQJN can regulate the metabolism of fluid through recovering the normal physiologic function of the detrusor of bladder.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Galactose , Humans , Male , Muscle Contraction , Muscle, Smooth , Physiology , Rats , Urinary Bladder , Metabolism , Urinary Incontinence, Urge , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Urination
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-406477

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of Suoquan Wan(SQW) on the endocrine and immune function of the polyuria rats with kidney-yang deficiency. Methods The model rats were induced by gastric infusion of adenine(250 mg/kg) for 4 weeks, then treated respectively with SQW (at low, middle and high dose respectively), Shenqi Wan and desmopressin for another 4 weeks. The bodyweight and organ index were recorded, and serum cortisone concentration were detected. T cell subsets in peripheral blood were determined by flow cytometry. Results The bodyweight of rats in model group was lower than that in the normal control group. And the bodyweight of rats in desmopressin group, middle-and high-dose SQW groups differed from that in the model group (P < 0. 05 or P < 0. 01). The decreased organ indexes of pituitary, adrenal and thymic glands were found in the model group (P < 0. 05 or P < 0. 01 compared with the normal group). The thymus index was elevated in all the medication groups except the low-dose SQW group (P < 0. 05). The elevated organ indexes of pituitary and adrenal glands were only found in Shenqi Wan group and high-dose SQW group (P < 0. 05). In the model group serum cortisone concentration was decreased (P < 0. 01). In Shengqi Wan group and middle-and high-dose SQW groups, the cortisone concentration was significantly increased (P < 0. 05 or P < 0. 01, compared with the model group). In the model group, the percentages of CD3+ and CD3+/CD4+ T cell subsets in pe-ripheral blood were decreased, and the percentage of CD3+/CD8+ T cell subset was increased (P < 0. 05 or P < 0. 01 compared with the normal group). Compared to the model group, the percentages of CD3+ and CD3+/CD4+ T cell sub-sets were increased and the percentage of CD3+/CD8+ T cell subset was decreased in SQW group and Shenqi Wan group. But the differences of T lymphocyte subsets were insignificant between desmopressin group and the model group. Conclu-sion SQW can regulate the endocrine and immune function of the polyuria ratwith kidney-yang deficiency.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-577152

ABSTRACT

【Objective】To observe the effect of fucoidan on lipid metabolism enzyme in hyperlipidemia mice.【Methods】Sixty healthy male SD rats were randomized into 6 groups: normal group,model group,gynostemma pentaphyllum(GP,30 mg/kg) group and low-,moderate-and high-dose fucoidan groups(0.1,0.2 and 0.4 g?kg-1 respectively).Except the normal group,the rats in other groups received high fat emulsion(10 mL?kg-1) by gavage to establish hyperlipidemia models.The activities of lipoprotein lipase(LPL),hepatic lipase(HL) and lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase(LCAT) in different groups were compared.【Results】Serum activities of LPL,HL and LCAT as well as hepatic activities of LPL and HL were increased in low-and moderate-dose fucoidan groups.【Conclusion】Fucoidan decreases the serum triglyceride levels by activating the serum and hepatic LPL and HL activities,and decreases serum cholesterol level by activating hepatic LCAT activity.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-593683

ABSTRACT

Abnormal contract and relaxation of the bladder is closely correlated with detrusor instability.In the recent years,with advanced studies of its related nervous system,deeper insights have been gained into the mechanism underlying the influence of nerve receptors on bladder contraction and relaxation in the pathological state,which involves the changes of M-AR,?-AR and P-AR.The receptors that regulate the contraction of the bladder mainly include M-AR and P-AR,and ?-AR is chiefly responsible for adjusting its relaxation.An understanding of these mechanisms may provide a direction and a foundation for the studies of clinical therapies and development of new drugs for this disease.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-572274

ABSTRACT

0.05 compared with group B);ZT and Youjiangtang Tablets had similar effect in promoting the synthesis of hepatic glucose and the release of serum insulin(P

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-577440

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the mechanism of Fudoidan for regulating the disorder of lipid metabolism in rats. Methods Rat hyperlipidemic model was established. The effect of Fudoidan on rats levels of blood lipids, lipid metabolic enzyme, and the lipid contents in the stool, as well as bile metabolismand LDL-R mRNA expression in the liver were observed. Results Fudoidan can notably restrain the concentration of serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) of hyperlipidemic rats and increase the concentration of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and activities of 1ipoprotein lipase (LPL), hepatic lipoprotein (HL) and lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT).Fucoidan can remarkably increase the contents of cholesterol, TG, bile acid , but has no effect on the secretion of bile, the concentration of cholesterol and bile acid in bile. The results of RT-PCR experiment showed that Fudoidan can notably improve the expression level of low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDL-R) mRNA in the liver of hyperlipidemic rats. Conclusion Fucoidan can regulate the disorder of lipid metabolism probably by restraining the absorption of lipids (TC, cholesterol, bile acid) , activating the activities of lipid metabolic enzyme (LPL, HL and LCAT), and promoting the expression of LDL-R mRNA in the liver.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-574490

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effects of extract of Xihuangcao Tea on chemical hepatic injury in mice and rats.Methods Mouse models of chemical hepatic injury were induced by CCl4 and rat models of jaundice by ?-naphthylisothiocyanate(ANIT).Then extract of Xihuangcao Tea was administered and enzyme activity of SGPT in the serum was measured in the mice.The serum level of total billirubin was determined in the rat jaundice models.Results Compared with the models,the enzyme activity of SGPT was significantly reduced and serum total bilirubin level decreased in extract of Xihuangcao tea groups(P

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-570218

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the mechanism of Borneolum combined with Rhizoma Chuanxiong in counteracting cerebral ischemia with reperfusion injury.Methods Rat Model of cerebral ischemia with reperfusion injury was set up by occlusion of bilateral carotid arteries.The effect of Borneolum combined with Rhizoma Chuanxiong on the content of nitric oxide(NO)and free radicals of model rat brain tissue was observed.Results Borneolum combined with Rhizoma Chuanxiong decreased the lipid peroxide(LPO)content and increased the activity of superoxidase(SOD)in model rat brain tissue(P

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-569871

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of Zhishang Sanfang (ZS) in promoting the union of radius fracture. Methods Twenty-eight rabbit models with fr acture were randomly allocated to ZS group (Group A) and control group (Group B).His tological, histochemical and histomorphological quantitative detection was used to observe the morphological features of the frature end in the 14th and 28th da y after operation. Results The formation of blood capillaries and bone trab eculae in Group A was superior to those in Group B. The scores of the four callu s and th e depth of the lateral callus in Group A were higher than those in Group B. Con clusion ZS has obvious effect in promoting the union of fracture.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-579880

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of Suoquan Wan(SQW) on the endocrine and immune function of the polyuria rats with kidney-yang deficiency. Methods The model rats were induced by gastric infusion of adenine(250 mg/kg) for 4 weeks, then treated respectively with SQW (at low, middle and high dose respectively), Shenqi Wan and desmopressin for another 4 weeks. The bodyweight and organ index were recorded, and serum cortisone concentration were detected. T cell subsets in peripheral blood were determined by flow cytometry. Results The bodyweight of rats in model group was lower than that in the normal control group. And the bodyweight of rats in desmopressin group, middle-and high-dose SQW groups differed from that in the model group (P

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-577664

ABSTRACT

Objective To Study on anti-thrombosis effect of volatile oil of Acorus Tatarinowii Schott(AST) and ?-asarone.Methods Thrombosis test,blood hyperviscocity test,blood clottingtest,and in vitro fibrinolytic test were carried out to investigate the effects of volatile oil of AST and ?-asarone on the following indexes:weight of thrombus,prothrombin time(PT),activated part prothrombin time(APTT),hemorheology,clotting time,the weight of plasma fibrin clot.Results Volatile oil of AST and ?-asarone can lower the weight of venout thrombosis in rats,and prolong PT and APTT of blood plasma in rats.They can improve hemorheology in the hyperviscocity rats,especially reduce viscosity of whole blood and blood plasma obviously.They can prolong the clotting time in mice obviously;and decrease the weight of plasma fibrin clot.Conclusion Volatile oil of SCP and ?-asarone has anti-thrombosis anticoagulationand fibrinolyitc effect,and its mechanism may be related to the prolongation of PT and APTT,improving blood viscosity.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-681172

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the pharmacological action of Vernonia Cinerea(L) Less. Methods: The bacteriostatic test in vitro and the evaluation of effect of Vernonia Cinerea(L) Less. on the propellent function of small intestine of mice, etc were carried out. Results: Vernonia Cinerea(L) Less. prossesses the inhibition on Bacillus coli with lapactic action in vitro, but has the drug resistance to Bacillus dysenteriae and Bacillus coli It can also improve the propellent function of small intestine nomral mice. Conclusions: Vernonia Cinerea(L) Less. is effective for acute gastroenteritis and indigestion clinically.

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