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1.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 813-821, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010089

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most common type of non-small cell lung cancer, and any change of miRNAs expression will affect the degree of target regulation, thus affecting intracellular homeostasis. This study verified that miR-186-5p could inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of LUAD cells by regulating PRKAA2.@*METHODS@#Previous investigations found that the expression of miR-186-5p was markedly suppressed in LUAD. Bioinformatics method is used to predict the target protein related to ferroptosis downstream and inquire about its expression level in LUAD and its influence on the survival of patients. Double luciferase verified the binding site of PRKAA2 and miR-186-5p. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot were used to detect the expression of PRKAA2. The effects of miR-186-5p of LUAD cells as well as the mechanism by which miR-186-5p inhibits Fer-1's sensitivity to ferroptosis were confirmed by EdU, Transwell, and scratch assays. The effect of miR-186-5p on the amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in LUAD cells was discovered using ROS experiment. Malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) experiments were used to detect the effects of miR-186-5p and PRKAA2 on ferroptosis index of LUAD cells. The concentration of lipid ROS (L-ROS) in LUAD cells were measured using the L-ROS tests to determine the effects of miR-186-5p and PRKAA2.@*RESULTS@#The expression of PRKAA2 is up-regulated, and a high level of PRKAA2 expression was associated with a poor prognosis for patients with LUAD. Overexpression of miR-186-5p decreased the gene and protein expression of PRKAA2. By promoting ferroptosis, miR-186-5p overexpression prevented lung cancer cells from proliferating, invading, and migrating. ROS could be produced in higher amounts in LUAD cells due to miR-186-5p. Overexpression of miR-186-5p and knockdown PRKAA2 up-regulated MDA content and reduced GSH content in LUAD cells, respectively. miR-186-5p could increase the content of L-ROS and promote the ferroptosis sensitivity of LUAD cells by targeting PRKAA2.@*CONCLUSIONS@#miR-186-5p promotes ferroptosis of LUAD cells through targeted regulation of PRKAA2, thus inhibiting the proliferation, invasion and migration of LUAD.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Ferroptosis/genetics , Reactive Oxygen Species , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , 3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Cell Movement/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Line, Tumor , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases
2.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 288-292, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995383

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of linaclotide combined with compound polyethylene glycol electrolytes powder (PEG) for bowel preparation for colonoscopy.Methods:A randomized and single blind prospective clinical study was conducted in patients who intended to receive colonoscopy at the Department of Gastroenterology in Shenzhen Hospital, Southern Medical University from June 2021 to August 2021. One hundred and fifty-two patients in the experimental group were treated with 580 μg linaclotide + 2 L PEG, and 152 patients in the control group were treated with 3 L PEG. The bowel preparation effects including Boston bowel preparation scale (BBPS) score, bubble score and lesion detection rate, and safety (adverse events) were compared between the two groups.Results:The total BBPS scores were 9 (8, 9) in the experimental group, and 9 (9, 9) in the control group with no significant difference ( Z=0.141, P=0.888). The bubble scores were 1 (1, 2) in the experimental group, and 1 (1, 1) in the control group with no significant difference ( Z=1.788, P=0.074). There was no significant difference in detection rate of lesions between the experimental group and the control group [37.50% (57/152) VS 33.55% (51/152), χ2=0.517, P=0.472]. There was no significant difference in safety including incidence of nausea [7.24% (11/152) VS 13.16% (20/152), χ2=2.910, P=0.088], vomiting [2.63% (4/152) VS 7.24% (11/152), χ2=3.436, P=0.064], abdominal distension [7.89% (12/152) VS 11.84% (18/152), χ2=1.331, P=0.249] and abdominal pain [2.63% (4/152) VS 4.61% (7/152), χ2=0.849, P=0.357] between the experimental group and the control group. Conclusion:Linaclotide combined with PEG for colonoscopic bowel preparation reduces drinking water volume. The cleaning effect and safety are comparable to using 3 L PEG. It can be recommended for bowel preparation for colonoscopy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 245-252, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994971

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of belimumab combined with standard regimen in the treatment of active lupus nephritis (LN).Methods:It was a single-center, pre - and post-control retrospective study. The Data of active LN patients treated with belimumab combined with standard regimen in the Department of Nephrology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from June 1, 2020 to June 30, 2022 were collected for analyzing the renal response rate and adverse reactions after belimumab treatment.Results:A total of 17 patients were included, including 14 females (82.35%). The age of the first medication was (26.06±2.64) years old, the median time of illness before the use of belimumab was 24.00 (8.50, 48.50) months, and the recurrence times before the use of belimumab was (1.24±1.03) times. All the 17 patients underwent renal biopsy. The main pathological types were type IV in 11 cases (11/17), type Ⅲ+V in 2 cases (2/17), type IV+V in 3 cases (3/17), and type V in 1 case (1/17). The dose of glucocorticoids was (22.95±8.30) mg/d in 1 year before belimumab administration. In 12 patients with LN who completed 24 weeks of belimumab treatment plan, the 24-hour urinary protein showed a downward trend, and there was a statistically significant difference compared with the baseline at 24 week [0.49 (0.15, 2.19) g vs. 2.83 (1.14, 4.11) g, Z=-2.100, P=0.036]. Compared with the baseline, serum albumin at 24 week increased by 29.36%, with statistically significant difference [(34.50±3.34) g/L vs. (26.67±5.75) g/L, t=-3.840, P=0.030]. The systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index-2K score continued to decline, with statistically significant difference compared with baseline at 24 week (5.00±3.02 vs. 12.00±2.82, t=6.163, P<0.001). The lymphocyte count increased, and the difference was statistically significant compared with the baseline at 24 week [0.72(0.28, 2.39)×10 9/L vs. 0.30(0.19,0.34)×10 9/L, Z=-2.073, P=0.038]. There was a statistically significant difference between the glucocorticoids dosage at 24 week and the average glucocorticoids dosage 1 year before treatment [(11.25±6.35) mg/d vs. (22.60±9.75) mg/d, t=4.225, P=0.003]. After observation of belimumab for (38.13±22.93) weeks, patients had a complete response rate of 64.71% (11/17), a partial response rate of 17.65% (3/17), and an overall response rate of 82.35% (14/17). Relapse occurred in 1 case.No infusion-related reactions occurred in 17 patients. During the treatment, a total of 5 adverse events occurred, including 2 cases of pulmonary infection, 1 case each of sepsis, upper respiratory tract infection, and cytomegalovirus infection, which all improved after treatment and the subsequent treatment was not affected. Conclusion:Belimumab combined with standard regimen can improve the response rate of LN, reduce the recurrence rate, reduce the dosage of glucocorticoids, and control the overall adverse events with good prognosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 594-597, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755867

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate carotid sinus block (CAS) in preventing the low hemodynamic state in the perioperative period of carotid artery stenting (CAS).Method A prospective single-center randomized controlled study was conducted on 172 patients with internal carotid artery stenosis receiving CAS from May 2015 to May 2018.Patients were randomly divided into group A treated with local anesthesia of the carotid artery sinus of the trouble side under the guidance of ultrasound preoperatively and group B without local block anesthesia.The carotid artery stenosis rate,the maximum intraoperative reduction of blood pressure and heart rate,the use of atropine and vasopressor were monitored and compared between the two groups.Results There were no significant differences between the two groups in preoperative general data,degree of stenosis,plaque nature,degree of residual stenosis (P > 0.05).The maximum reduction of intraoperative blood pressure and heart rate in group A was significantly lower than that in group B,and the number and dose of intraoperative atropine were smaller than those in group B (P < 0.05).The number of postoperative patients with low hemodynamic status in group A and the time period of vasopressor use were significantly less than those in group B (P < 0.05).Conclusion Preoperative carotid sinus block anesthesia is safe and effective in preventing low hemodynamic status in perioperative period of CAS.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 680-683, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754035

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation between major inflammatory factors and septic shock in intensive care unit (ICU) patients, and to provide a basis for the diagnosis and treatment of septic shock. Methods The patients admitted to ICU of the Third People's Hospital of Datong from March 2017 to August 2018 were selected as the research objects. According to the diagnostic criteria of septic shock, the patients were divided into septic shock group and non-septic group. The basic information and inflammatory factors levels of the two groups, including age, gender, body mass index (BMI), course of disease, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ), infection site and pathogenic; and C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR), N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), γ-interferon (IFN-γ), interleukins (IL-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8) at 8 hours after diagnosis, were compared. Logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of septic shock in ICU patients. Results A total of 154 ICU patients were selected, of whom 74 had septic shock. The APACHEⅡ score of septic shock group was significantly higher than that of non-sepsis group (23.42±3.64 vs. 15.67±2.26, P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in other baseline data between the two groups. The levels of CRP, NT-proBNP, TNF-α, IFN-γ, PCT, IL-6, IL-8 in the septic shock group were significantly higher than those in the non-septic group [CRP (mg/L): 164.3±22.6 vs. 52.3±16.2, NT-proBNP (ng/L): 426.3±288.9 vs. 167.3±80.6, TNF-α (ng/L): 193.4±39.3 vs. 88.1±20.3, IFN-γ (ng/L): 133.3±52.0 vs. 97.0±56.1, PCT (ng/L):27.6±10.2 vs. 7.3±4.1, IL-6 (ng/L): 83.0±17.6 vs. 20.9±6.4, IL-8 (ng/L): 445.8±34.0 vs. 84.0±25.7, all P < 0.05]. It was shown by Logistic regression analysis that CRP, NT-proBNP, TNF-α, PCT, IL-6 were independent risk factors for septic shock [CRP: odds ratio (OR) = 1.662, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 1.132-2.567; NT-proBNP: OR = 14.688, 95%CI = 3.580-20.238; TNF-α: OR = 1.093, 95%CI = 1.043-1.343; PCT: OR = 6.378, 95%CI = 4.556-12.243; IL-6: OR = 9.641, 95%CI = 2.242-13.786; all P < 0.05]. Conclusion The levels of inflammatory factors CRP, NT-proBNP, TNF-α, PCT and IL-6 were significantly increased, which were important factors for early diagnosis of septic shock.

6.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 822-827, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801318

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinicopathological features and the renal biopsy process of a case of IgG4-related chronic interstitial nephritis with perirenal capsule involved and review associated literature to improve the clinician's understanding for this disease and to perform a better renal biopsy.@*Methods@#The onset, diagnosis and treatment course of the disease were described and associated literature were reviewed to summary the clinicopathologic features and key points in renal biopsy.@*Results@#The data of the patient showed that the urine specific gravity was 1.011, with urine protein ± and urine sugar 3+. The concentration of hemoglobin was 53 g/L, serum creatinine was 1665 μmol/L, and IgG4 was 9.39 g/L. Computed tomography showed that both kidneys enlarged slightly with decreased density and low density shadow around the kidneys. On contrast-enhanced scan, irregular low-density enhancement areas were found in both kidneys, and the edge of the boundary was not clear. For the first renal biopsy, no renal parenchyma was found except mainly hyaline collagen fibrils. At the second time, 3 pieces of tissues were obtained, which showed chronic interstitial glomerulonephritis. The IgG4 positive plasma cells were about 60/HPF and the IgG4+/IgG+cells ratio was more than 40%. The diagnosis of IgG4-related chronic interstitial glomerulonephritis was confirmed. After corticosteroid treatment, the serum creatinine decreased to 502 μmol/L after the patient got rid of dialysis.@*Conclusions@#There are various manifestations of renal damage caused by IgG4-related disease. It is necessary to pay attention to the involvement of the perirenal capsule, and to balance the risk of bleeding and poor sampling in renal biopsy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 417-422, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707691

ABSTRACT

Objective To analysis the change of hip joint in healthy infants by ultrasound,and establish the normal reference value of the developmental dysplasia of the hip(DDH). Methods A total of 8 000 healthy infants from 0 to 24 weeks were collected from the Multi-center study of 10 children′s medical centers. Among them,3 855 infants(2 065 females and 1 790 males) with complete data and follow-up were included in this study. All subjects were divided into 6 groups ( <4,4~7,8~11,12~15,16~19 and≥20 weeks group). α angle,femoral head length and width,femoral head coverage ratio by acetabulum ( FHC) were measured in the coronal view on the neutral position;distance from pubis to femoral head ( P-H) and distance from ischium to femoral head ( I-H ) were measured in the transverse view on neutral position;distance from femoral head topubis ( H-P) was measured in the posterolateraltransverse view on the flexion position. The results of each group changes with age were analysised. Results ① The α angle of healthy infants from 0 to 20 weeks were increased with age,the difference among the groups were statistically significant( P <0.05),but there was no significant difference between 16~19 and ≥20 weeks group( P >0.05). ②The femoral head length and width of all age groups were increased with age,the difference among all the groups was statistically significant( all P <0.05). ③ FHC from 0 to 20 weeks were increased with age,the difference among the groups were statistically significant( P <0.05) except between 16~19 and ≥20 weeks group( P >0.05). ④ The P-H and I-H in all age groups showed no statistically significant ( all P>0.05). ⑤The H-P of all age groups were increased with age,the difference between the groups were statistically significant(all P <0.05).Conclusions The development of hip joints have the certain regular developmental pattern in healthy infants less than 5 months of birth and are relatively constant after birth more than 5 months. The ultrasound normal reference value of the hip joints can be used for the early diagnosis of the DDH.

8.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 548-551, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735008

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical significance of the reconstruction surgery using the toes to repair thumb and fingers defect with the help of the digital technology. Methods Between June, 2012 and May, 2017, 17 partial thumb and finger defects in 12 cases received 3D-CTA assisted finger reconstruction surgeries in us-ing the toe. Preoperative ipsilateral foot 3D-CTA were conducted and the 3D digital models were analyzed. It helped to know the parameters of the move direction and classification of the arteries and veins, etc.It was helpful for design-ing personalized surgical scheme that could match with the length of each finger defect and the defect area and shape in the recipient site of the specific case. Results All 17 toe-to-hand transplants in 12 cases survived. With 6-12 month's followed-up, the appearance of the reconstructed fingers was very closed to the normal fingers. The two-point discrimination was 6-10 mm. According to the upper extremity functional evaluation criteria issued by the Hand Surgery Society of the Chinese Medical Association, the results were rated as excellent in 9 digits, good in 6 digits, fair in 1 digit and poor in l digit. Conclusion The digital technology can help to formulate the operation scheme of personalized and accurate reconstruction of thumb and fingers before the operation.It was helpful to reduce the opera-tion risk and improve the survival rate of fingers reconstruction.It has very good practical and clinical significance.

9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 516-520, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807309

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between expressions of OCT-4, CD117 and clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients with ovarian cancer.@*Methods@#A total of 70 paraffin-embedded tissues of patients with ovarian cancer from January 2010 to February 2016 in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital were collected. The expressions of OCT-4 and CD117 were detected by immunohistochemistry.@*Results@#OCT-4 was mainly expressed in cytoplasm, while CD117 was expressed in cell membrane and cytoplasm. The positive expression rate of OCT-4 was 74.3% (52/70), and the positive expression rate of CD117 was 68.6% (48/70). The positive expression rates of OCT-4 in ovarian cancer tissues with poorly differentiation and high CA125 levels (≥500 U/ml), no peritoneal effusion and sensitive to chemotherapy drugs were 92.1% (35/38), 87.5% (28/32), 88.9% (24/27), and 78.7% (48/61), respectively, which were higher than those in ovarian cancer tissues with well and moderately differentiation, low CA125 levels (<500 U/ml), peritoneal effusion and resistance to chemotherapy drugs, the differences were statistically significant (P values were 0.000, 0.020, 0.047, and 0.043). The positive expression rates of CD117 in ovarian cancer tissues with poorly differentiation and peritoneal effusion were 84.2% (32/38) and 79.1% (34/43), respectively, which were higher than those in ovarian cancer tissues with well and moderately differentiation and no peritoneal effusion, the differences were statistically significant (P values were 0.006 and 0.017). Patients with OCT-4-positive expression, peritoneal effusion, and poorly differentiation had a shorter overall survival time (all P < 0.05). The peritoneal effusion and differentiation were independent prognostic factors in patients with ovarian cancer (both P < 0.05).@*Conclusion@#OCT-4 can be used as an important reference for predicting drug sensitivity and evaluating prognosis in patients with ovarian cancer.

10.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 641-646, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615941

ABSTRACT

Aim To examine the effect of zacopride,a specific inward rectifier potassium channel(IK1)agonist,on L-thyroxine(T4)-induced ventricular remodeling and the underlying mechanism.Methods SD rats were randomly divided as control,L-thyroxine(L-thy,1 mg·kg-1·d-1,ig,10 d)model,L-thy +zacopride(5,15,50 μg·kg-1,respectively,ip),L-thy+zacopride(15 μg·kg-1)+chloroquine(7.5 μg·kg-1,ip)and L-thy+captopril(100 mg·kg-1·d-1,drinking water)groups.Echocardiography and cardiac hypertrophic indexes were measured to confirm the establishment of the ventricular remodeling model.The changes of IK1 and L-calcium current(ICa-L)were detected by whole cell patch clamp technique.The confocal microscopy and fluorescent indicator Fluo-4 were applied to examine the intracellular Ca2+ concentration([Ca2+]i)of isolated adult rat ventricular myocytes.Results L-thyroxine induced left ventricular hypertrophy with increased ratio of heart weight(HW)to body weight(HW·BW-1),ratio of left ventrical weight(LVW)to body weight(LVW·BW-1),left ventricular dimension in diastole(LVIDd),left ventricular dimension in systole(LVIDs),interventricular septum thickness(IVS)and decreased ejection fraction(EF),fractional shortening(FS)(P<0.01).Patch clamp data suggested IK1 was downregulated,while ICa-L was upregulated(P<0.01).In isolated adult cardiomyocytes,L-thyroxine increased the cell area and [Ca2+]i(P<0.01).Zacopride treatment obviously alleviated cardiac remodeling,improved cardiac function,reversed the changes of IK1 and ICa-L,and significantly attenuated intracellular calcium overload(P<0.01).The optimum dose of zacopride in vivo was 15 μg·kg-1 at which the effect was compared favourably with captopril,a classical anti-remodeling agent.Low-dose IK1 atagonist chloroquine could reverse the effect of zacopride(P<0.01).Conclusion Via activating IK1,zacopride could significantly decrease Ca2+ influx and intracellular calcium overload thereby inhibiting L-thyroxine-induced cardiac ventricular remodeling.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2131-2133, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609497

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for simultaneous determination of valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide in Valsar-tan hydrochlorothiazide tablets. METHODS:UPLC was adopted. The determination was performed on Phenomenex C18 column with mobile phase consisted of [0.1% phosphoric acid solution-acetonitrile(95 : 5,V/V)]-[0.1% phosphoric acid solution-acetonitrile (5 : 95,V/V)](gradient elution)at the flow rate of 0.25 mL/min. The detection wavelength was set at 272 nm,and the column tem-perature was 35 ℃. The sample size was 1.5 μL. RESULTS:The linear range were 8.1-324.2 μg/mL for valsartan(r=0.9999)and 1.2-50.1 μg/mL for hydrochlorothiazide(r=0.9999). The limits of quantitation were 0.24,0.04 ng,and the limits of detection were 0.06,0.01 ng. RSDs of precision,stability and reproducibility tests were less than 2.0%;recoveries were 97.69%-100.35%for valsartan(RSD=1.03%,n=9)and 98.27%-100.60% for hydrochlorothiazide(RSD=0.83%,n=9). CONCLUSIONS:The method is simple,rapid and accurate,and can be used for the simultaneous determination of valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide in Valsartan hydrochlorothiazide tablets.

12.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 202-206, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513274

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of pulmonary function training on the lung function and surgical tolerance of lung cancer patients with different degrees of obstructive ventilatory defect.Methods Pulnonary function training was performed with 103 lung cancer patients with obstructive ventilatory defects (26 mild cases,53 moderate cases,24 severe cases).The duration of the intensive training was 5-7 days.Vital capacity (VC),vital capacity percentage (VC%),forced vital capacity (FVC),forced vital capacity percentage (FVC%),forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1),percentage of the forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1%),maximum voluntary ventilation percentage (MVV%),peak expiratory flow percentage (PEF%),fraction of the forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1/FVC),and maximum mid-expiratory flow percentage (MMEF%) were measured before and after the training.Any postoperative complications were recorded.Results The average MMEF% improved significantly among the moderate patients after their training.Eventually 19/26 patients (73.08%) in the mild group,34/53 patients (64.15%) in the moderate group,and 8/24 patients (33.33%) in the severe group met the requirements to undergo lung operations.These were significant differences among the groups.Among those operated on,27 (44.26%) suffered from postoperative complications,a significantly higher percentage than among the normal controls (20.00%).Conclusion Lung function exercises can improve the operation tolerance of lung cancer patients with obstructive ventilation dysfunction,but the risk of operating is still much higher than for patients with normal ventilation function.

13.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 970-974, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612010

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of urotensin Ⅱ on myocardial fibrosis in rats.Methods The pressure overload animal model was established in rats by abdominal aorta coarctation.The rats were divided into sham operation group,modeled for 4,8 and 12 weeks group.The expression of U Ⅱ,GPR14,col-Ⅰ,col-Ⅲ,and PKA in cardiac tissues was detected by Western blot.Isolated and cultured cardiac myofibroblasts (CFs) from new-born SD rats were treated with U Ⅱ,KT5720 or SB-611812,and then the proliferation of CFs was observed by micro scope and CKK-8.Results The expression of U Ⅱ,GPR14,col-Ⅰ,col-Ⅲand PKA increased markedly in cardiac tissues of model rat,which were time-dependent.U Ⅱ promoted the proliferation of CFs (P<0.05),which could be inhibited by KT5720 or SB-611812.Conclusions U Ⅱ/UT system promotes the occurring and development of myocardial fibrosis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 534-540, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611116

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To compare the effect of four 5-hydroxytryptamine type 4 (5-HT4) receptor agonists:cisapride,zacopride,macopride and 2-[1-(4-piperonyl) piperazinyl]-benzothiazole (BZTZ),on rat cardiac inward rectifier potassium channel (IK1)and heart rhythm.METHODS The whole-cell configuration of patch-clamp technique was used to record effects of 5-HT4 receptor agonists onIk1 in enzymatic dissociated rat ventricular myocytes or Kir2.1 transfected HEK 293 cells.Western blotting was used to observe the expression of Kir2.1 channel exposed 24 h to agents in ventricular myocytes.Langendorff-perfused hearts were perfused with four agents respectively for 30 min.The electrocardiogram was recorded simultaneously.RESULTS BZTZ,cisapride and mosapride 0.1-10 μmol· L-1 decreasedIk1 in a concentrationdependent manner.At the same concentration (1 μmol· L-1),BZTZ showed the most potent inhibition onIκ1 (P<0.01),followed by cisapride.Mosapride showed slight inhibition efficiency.However,zacopride enhanced Iκ1 (P<0.01).In Kir2.1 heterologous expression systems,zacopride activated Kir2.1 current (P<0.01) while mosapride had no effect.In ex vivo Langendorff-perfused hearts,BZTZ and cisapride 1μmol· L-1 elicited singnificant rhythm disturbances,and the total of premature ventricular beats (PVB) were 159±28 and 61±13.50% (4/8) (P<0.05) and 25% (1/8) of the hearts exhibited ventricular tachycardia (VT),while 37.5% (3/8) and 12.5% (1/8) of the hearts exhibited ventricular fibrillation (VF),respectively.Mosapride and zacopride had no side effects on heart rhythm.Zacopride also suppressed BZTZ-or cisapride-induced arrhythmias.BZFZ had the strongest proarryhthmic potency among the 5-HT4 agonists,followed by cisapride,mosapride and zacopride.CONCLUSION Iκ1 might be an independent risk factor for arrhythmogenesis and a new target for screening safe 5-HT4 receptor agonists and gastrointestinal prokinetic agents.

15.
Journal of Modern Laboratory Medicine ; (4): 145-147, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610893

ABSTRACT

Objective To research the application of oral ambroxol in improving positive rate of sputum smear laboratory testing of Tuberculosis.Methods After immediate microscopic phlegm examination on 1 536 tuberculosis outpatients,them were divided into two groups alternatively and randomly.The referential group took oral placebo while the test group took oral ambroxol.Recheck would be conducted onmorning phlegm after three days,then comprated the positive rate of each group.Results The positive rates of immediate microscopic phlegm examination of the referential and test groups were 4.82% and 4.56% (x2 =0.058,P>0.05) respectively.For the referential group,the positive rates before and after taking medicine were 4.82% and 5.60% respectively (x2 =0.475,P>0.05).The differences had no statistic meaning.The positive rates of morning microscopic phlegm examination after taking medicine of the referential and test groups were 5.60% and 8.59 % ()x2 =5.224,P<0.05) respectively.The positive rates of the test group before and after taking medicine were 4.56 % and 8.59% respectively (x2 =10.18,P<0.05).It could be deemed that the difference had statistic meaning.Conclusion O-ral ambroxol can help raise the positive rate of microscopic phlegm examination of the patient with suspected tuberculosis.

16.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3752-3755, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697521

ABSTRACT

Objective To comparemodified bone cement injection sleeve (front end closed,unilateral opening) and traditional straight push bone cement sleeve in percutaneous vertebral plasty (PVP) for clinical application.Methods From January 2015 to June 2016,78 patients with PVP indications of single osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) were randomly divided into a study group and a control group (39 patients for each group),and both groups received PVP under DSA.Intraoperative X-ray exposure dose,surgical duration,postoperative bone cement leakage,VAS score (preoperative and postoperative 3 days and 6 months),and refracture rate after half a year and postoperative bone cement distribution were compared between the two groups.Results Both groups received a follow-up for 6 to 12 months.5 patients had paravertebralleakage in the study group,while 9 patients developed paravertebralleakage and orie patient had anterior leakage in the control group.No neurologic and vascular injury occurred,no pulmonary embolism and other serious complications developed.The patients in both groups were followed up for half a year without re-fracture.The radiation dose and surgical duration in the two groups were statistically significant (P<0.05).Bone cement injection and postoperative VAS scoresdid not differ obviously between the two groups (P>0.05),There was no significant difference between the two groups in distribution of bone cement (P>0.05).The bone cement leakage rate was lower in the study group than in the control group,with a statistical significance (P<0.05).Conclusions The improvement in bone cement injection sleeve can shorten surgical duration,reduce intraoperative X-ray exposure,and decrease the rate of leakage of bone cement.It is worth popularizing clinically.

17.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 703-707, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666985

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influencing factors and clinical significance of ultrasonic quantitative analysis of the hip-flexion coronal section in the normal infants.Methods Totally 100 normal infants were enrolled.Angle α,angle β and FHC on different positions(mild-flexion and flexion of the hip) were mearured.And angle β on different points(the labrum central and the acetabular tips) were measured.The variation of the measurement index between different positions were analyzed.Results ①There was no significant difference in angle α between the neutral position and hip-flexion position (P >0.05).② FHC decreased in the hip-flexion position,and there was significant difference compared with the neutral position (P <0.05).③βc were greater than βt in the two positions (P <0.05);βc and βt were all greater in hip-flexion position than those in neutral position,the difference was statistically significant (P <0.05).Conclusions The results obtained from angle α is stable under the coronal flexion view of the normal infants,and does not vary with changing position.The change of the angle β and FHC with the hip flexion could be used to evaluate the stability of the hip.Measured angle β on the labrum tip has good repeatability.So this point should be selected to measure the angle β.

18.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 649-652,666, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661084

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen out probable lynch syndrome (LS) associated endometrial cancer (EC) by investigating the expression of mismatch repair (MMR) protein in EC, and to analyze the disease traits combined with clinicopathologic characteristics. Methods The expressions of MSH2, MSH6, MLH1 and PMS2 were detected by using immunohistochemistry (IHC) in 443 EC patients. Results In 443 EC patients, 328 cases (74%) with all MMR proteins expression were classified as sporadic EC, and 115 cases (26%) cases with loss expression of at least one MMR protein were regarded as probable LS. MMR-deficient cases mostly showed a loss of MLH1/PMS2 expression (42%), followed by the absence of MSH2/MSH6 (23%), MSH6 (17%), PMS2 (17%) and MSH6/MLH1/PMS2 (3%). Compared with the sporadic EC group, obesity was not found in probable LS group (body mass index<28 kg/m2) (P=0.040), and high tumor grade was common (P=0.012); There was no significant difference between the two groups in age, the incidence of diabetes or hypertension, family history of cancer or histological type, tumor location, the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, myometrial invasion, lymph node metastasis, lymphatic or vascular invasion (all P> 0.05). A higher tumor grade was more common in the MSH6 and PMS2 deficient groups. Conclusions Compared with sporadic EC, the absence of obesity, a high grade tumor are more common in probable LS cases.

19.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 649-652,666, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658229

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen out probable lynch syndrome (LS) associated endometrial cancer (EC) by investigating the expression of mismatch repair (MMR) protein in EC, and to analyze the disease traits combined with clinicopathologic characteristics. Methods The expressions of MSH2, MSH6, MLH1 and PMS2 were detected by using immunohistochemistry (IHC) in 443 EC patients. Results In 443 EC patients, 328 cases (74%) with all MMR proteins expression were classified as sporadic EC, and 115 cases (26%) cases with loss expression of at least one MMR protein were regarded as probable LS. MMR-deficient cases mostly showed a loss of MLH1/PMS2 expression (42%), followed by the absence of MSH2/MSH6 (23%), MSH6 (17%), PMS2 (17%) and MSH6/MLH1/PMS2 (3%). Compared with the sporadic EC group, obesity was not found in probable LS group (body mass index<28 kg/m2) (P=0.040), and high tumor grade was common (P=0.012); There was no significant difference between the two groups in age, the incidence of diabetes or hypertension, family history of cancer or histological type, tumor location, the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, myometrial invasion, lymph node metastasis, lymphatic or vascular invasion (all P> 0.05). A higher tumor grade was more common in the MSH6 and PMS2 deficient groups. Conclusions Compared with sporadic EC, the absence of obesity, a high grade tumor are more common in probable LS cases.

20.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1457-1460,1465, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604539

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the protein levels of chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7) and vascular endothelial growth factor ( VEGF)-C in breast carcinoma , and to investigate the effects of CCR 7 and VEGF-C on prognosis of breast carcinoma.METHODS:The protein expression levels of CCR 7 and VEGF-C in the breast carcinoma tissues and normal breast tissues were detected by the method of immunohistochemistry .At the same time, the relationship between clinico-pathologic characteristics and the protein expression of CCR 7 and VEGF-C in the breast carcinoma tissues was analyzed . The relationship between the protein expression of CCR 7 and VEGF-C and survival time of the breast cancer patients was estimated by Kaplan-Meier method.RESULTS:The positive expression rates of CCR 7 and VEGF-C in the breast carcino-ma tissues were significantly higher than those in the normal breast tissues (P<0.01).A positive correlation was observed between the protein expression of CCR7 and the protein expression of VEGF-C in the breast carcinoma tissues (r=0.613, P<0.01).The protein expression of CCR7 and VEGF-C was correlated with lymph node metastasis and TNM stage (P<0.05), but both were not related to patients ’ age, primary tumor size, estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor .The survival time of the patients with CCR 7 and VEGF-C positive expression was significantly shorter than that of the patients without the expression (P<0.05).CONCLUSION:The positive expression of CCR7 and VEGF-C proteins is associated with the prognosis of breast cancer , and combined detection of CCR 7 and VEGF-C protein expression levels may be helpful to judge the prognosis of breast cancer .

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