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Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1030-1033, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991464


Objective:To investigate the application effect of the blended teaching model of "intelligent teaching" and "wisdom learning" in the practice teaching of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine in internal medicine.Methods:According to the principle of randomization, 54 interns in Class 1 of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine in the grade of 2019 were selected as control group and received traditional teaching, and 56 interns in Class 2 were selected as observation group and received blended teaching with "intelligent teaching" and "wisdom learning". After 6 months of internship, the two groups were compared in terms of the scores of theoretical assessment (basic theoretical knowledge and professional theoretical knowledge), clinical practice ability [Leicester Assessment Package (LAP)], and degree of satisfaction with teaching. SPSS 17.0 was used to perform the t-test and the chi-square test. Results:At the end of internship, compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly higher score of basic theoretical knowledge (41.53±3.42 vs. 38.71±3.38, P<0.05), score of professional theoretical knowledge (39.49±3.14 vs. 37.85±3.07, P<0.05), LAP score (84.32±6.65 vs. 78.46±6.17, P<0.05), and degree of satisfaction with teaching ( P<0.05). Conclusion:For interns majoring in integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine, the blended teaching model of "intelligent teaching" and "wisdom learning" can strengthen their mastery of theoretical knowledge, enhance their clinical practice ability, and improve their degree of satisfaction with teaching.

Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 9-14, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509902


Objective To summarize our experience with surgical management of renal neoplasm involving inferoir veno cava.Methods We review the data of 115 patients,including 74 male patients and 41 female patients,with renal neoplasm involving venous system between March 1993 and December 2015.The mean age was 52 years old,ranging 22 to 77 years old.The tumor was found in right side in 77 cases and left side in 38 cases.There were 15 patients (13.0%) with renal vein thrombus,38 (33.1%) with infrahepatic thrombus,29 (25.2%) with low retrohepatic thrombus,20 (17.4%) with high retrohepatic thrombus,and 13 (11.3%) with supradiaphragmatic thrombus.The mean age was 52 years old,ranging 22 to 77 years old.The tumor was found in right side in 77 cases and left side in 38 cases.All patients accepted the radical nephrectomy.Primary outcomes were overall survival (OS),and cancer special survival (CSS) in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) estimated by Kaplan-Meier method.Secondary outcome included operative and oncological features,past-operative complications and hospital mortality.Cox proportional hazard model was used to univariate and multivariate analysis for risk factor impacting on OS of RCC patients.Results Complete resections of renal neoplasm with tumor thrombus were achieved in 113 patients (98.3%),2 patients died intraoperatively due to the dropping of thrombus.Postoperative complication rate was 16.8%.Hospital mortality was 2.6%.Mean follow-up interval was 48 months.OS rates at 5-,and 10-year in RCC patients were 66.5%,and 61.8%,respectively.Metastasis was an independent risk factor affecting on OS (P =0.000).However,the level of thrombus was not an risk factor affecting the prognosis.Conclusions Radical resection of renal tumor and caval thrombus is an effective treatment for prolonging survival in patients with RCC extending into venous system.Retrohepatic caval tumor thrombus below or above the main hepatic vein should be dichotomized and managed respectively with diverse techniques.Metastatic rather than the level of thrombus was a risk factor impacting on RCC patient survival.

Shanghai Journal of Acupuncture and Moxibustion ; (12): 533-536, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513038


Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of Na Zhi method (midnight-noon ebb-flow method) plus electroacupuncture in treating poststroke uninhibited neurogenic bladder.Method A total of 120 patients with uninhibited neurogenic bladder due to cerebrovascular diseases were randomized into a treatment group and a control group, 60 cases in each group. The treatment group was intervened by Na Zhi method plus electroacupuncture; the control group was intervened by electroacupuncture. The intervention was conducted once a day, 30 min each time, for a total of 2 weeks. The daily voiding frequency index and maximum cystometric capacity (MCC) in the two groups were measured before and after the intervention, and the clinical efficacies were compared.Result The total effective rate and markedly effective rate were respectively 98.2% and 89.5% in the treatment group versus 93.1% and 72.4% in the control group. There was a significant difference in comparing the markedly effective rate between the two groups (P0.05); the daily voiding frequency index was significantly changed after the intervention in both groups (P0.05); the MCC was significantly changed after the intervention in both groups (P<0.01); the MCC of the treatment group was significantly different from that of the control group after the intervention (P<0.05).Conclusion Electroacupuncture can produce a significant efficacy in treating uninhibitedneurogenic bladder, while it can produce a more significant efficacy when combined withNa Zhi method.

Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 814-816, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496571


Objective To investigate the surgical diagnosis and treatment of late vitamin K deficiency intracranial hemorrhage caused by biliary atresia. Methods Clinical data of six cases of biliary atresia with late vitamin K deficiency intracranial hemorrhage were collected in the Department of Neurosurgery of Tianjin Children’s Hospital from January 2000 to December 2013. Data were analyzed to identify the biliary atresia as soon as possible in the treatment of intracranial hemorrhage and prolonged jaundice in children. Results Six cases (1 male, 5 female), mean age was (16.0±2.6) days, and were treated with external drainage of intracranial hematoma and infusion therapy. In the treatment, children were found jaundice exacerbation and doubted about biliary atresia. After consultation by general surgeons, children were transferred to the department of general surgery for further treatment at an average age of (29.1±1.2) days, and were diagnosed as biliary atresia by intraoperative cholangiography. Conclusion Pediatric neurosurgeon should have a sufficient understanding and make an early diagnosis to late vitamin K deficiency intracranial hemorrhage caused by biliary atresia, to avoid delaying the optimal treatment time of biliary atresia.

Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 962-965, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420503


Objective To explore a method for earlier evaluating death toll based on a function relationship ( an increasing hour-increasing death index ( K value) followed with time (T) changing after catastrophic earthquake. Methods Information data of 10 typical occurrences of catastrophic earthquake obtained from China International Search and Rescue Team (CISAR) were analyzed. Total deaths were estimated according to the simulation function made by hour-increasing death index (K value) followed with time (T) changing. Expected value of the simulation function was assessed by statistical software SPSS version 17.0 to establish the model of simulation function.Results The length of time (T) to reach K maximum (Kmmax) was ( 12.94 ± 8.18) h and then the K value was gradually decreased. Kmax was symmetrically scattered within 2 T time.Estimated death toll (W) within 2 T was obtained from calculating the integration summation of the function to get a formula as W =∫∞ kf(t) dt.This Estimated death toll(W) numbers was correlated approximately with the death toll (M) from authoritative report (P < 0.01 ).According to the regression analysis of model simulation curve,the predictive function of death toll within 2 T was M =W1.23 ×0.194.A determinant coefficient of this power function R2 was 0.88. Conclusions Earlier estimating death toll within about 12 h should be carried out by using the data of real-time information report system.

Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 709-712, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-398572


We retrospectively analyzed clinical and imaging data of 26 children with split cord malformations (SCMs). Based on Pang's classification, 14 SCMs were defined as type Ⅰ and 12 as type Ⅱ.Neural function was markedly improved in 20 patients postoperatively. Three of 4 children who did not undergo surgical treatment had neural function deteriorated. Two children lost follow-up. We suggest that Pang's Classification of SCMs may be useful in describing pathological changes and guiding surgical procedure; imaging examine (including MRI, CT and X-ray) would play a significant role in confirmed SCMs diagnosis; and surgical operation should focus on eliminate and prevent spinal cord damnification.