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Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 738-741, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909088


Objective:The surveillance results of brucellosis in Lushan County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province are analyzed to provide basis for formulating prevention and control strategies.Methods:Retrospective analysis method was used to collect the surveillance data from Lushan County Center for Disease Control and Prevention and Animal Husbandry Department from 2011 to 2019. Descriptive statistical analysis was made on the serological, pathogenic of brucellosis.Results:From 2011 to 2019, 15 943 high-risk people were investigated, and 10 834 were serologically tested, with a positive detection rate of 23.11% (2 504/10 834). Among them, the positive detection rate of brucellosis serum increased rapidly in 2013 and decreased after 2016. The positive detection rate was 25.87% (1 593/6 157) in men and 19.48% (911/4 677) in women. The age of positive detection was mainly 40-< 70 years old, accounting for 70.45% (1 764/2 504). The positive detection rate of farmers in all occupations was the highest, which was 25.97% (2 242/8 634). There were significant differences in the positive detection rates among different gender, age and occupation (χ 2=61.163, 27.855, 257.412, P < 0.01). A total of 578 blood samples from patients with acute brucellosis were isolated and cultured, 215 strains of Brucella were detected, and the positive detection rate was 37.20%. Conclusions:The high-risk group of human brucellosis in Lushan County, Pingdingshan City is middle-aged and elderly male farmers engaged in aquaculture. It is suggested that the joint prevention and control measures should be strengthened, the health education of high-risk groups should be strengthened, and comprehensive prevention and control measures should be taken to control the occurrence and prevalence of brucellosis.

Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 369-375, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-148731


Outbreaks of pseudorabies (PR) have occurred in southern China since late 2011, resulting in significant economic impacts on the swine industry. To identify the cause of PR outbreaks, especially among vaccinated pigs, 11 pseudorabies virus (PRV) field strains were isolated from Guangdong province during 2013–2014. Their major viral genes (gE, TK, gI, PK, gD, 11K, and 28K) were analyzed in this study. Insertions or deletions were observed in gD, gE, gI and PK genes compared with other PRV isolates from all over the world. Furthermore, sequence alignment showed that insertions in gD and gE were unique molecular characteristics of the new prevalent PRV strains in China. Phylogenetic analysis showed that our isolates were clustered in an independent branch together with other strains isolated from China in recent years, and that they showed a closer genetic relationship with earlier isolates from Asia. Our results suggest that these isolates are novel PRV variants with unique molecular signatures.

Asia , China , Disease Outbreaks , Genes, Viral , Herpesvirus 1, Suid , Pseudorabies , Sequence Alignment , Swine
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 39-44, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-15566


This study was to investigate the effects of the combination of deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZON) on pigs. Twenty-four weaning piglets were divided into a control group fed a diet free of mycotoxins and a toxin group fed a diet containing 1 mg/kg DON and 250 microgram/kg ZON. The results showed that supplementation of DON and ZON in diets had extensive effects on pigs. More specifically, DON and ZON caused levels of total protein, albumin, and globulin in sera to decrease (p < 0.05) by 14.5%, 6.5% and 11.3%, respectively, and at the same time increased (p < 0.05) the serum enzyme activities of gamma-glutamyltransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase by 72.0%, 32.6% and 36.6%, respectively. In addition, DON and ZON decreased (p < 0.05) the level of anticlassical swine fever antibody titers by 14.8%. Real-time PCR showed that DON and ZON caused the mRNA expression levels of IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, IL-2, to decrease (p < 0.05) by 36.0%, 29.0% and 35.4%, respectively. Histopathological studies demonstrated that DON and ZON caused abnormalities in the liver, spleen, lymph nodes, uterus, and kidney. The concentrations of DON and ZON used in this study are in line with the published critical values permitted by BML. Our study clearly put the standard and adequacy of safety measures for these toxins into question. The authors suggest that with the increasing availability of cellular and molecular technologies, it is time to revisit the safety standards for toxins in feeds so as to make feeds safer, providing consumers with safer products.

Animals , Female , Animal Feed/analysis , Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Diet/veterinary , Drug Therapy, Combination , Swine , Swine Diseases/blood , Trichothecenes/administration & dosage , Zearalenone/administration & dosage