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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912990

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the diagnostic value and safety of electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy combined with radial endobronchial ultrasound in peripheral pulmonary nodules. Methods    The clinical imaging, surgical and pathological data of 60 patients with 76 peripheral pulmonary nodules who underwent electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy combined with radial endobronchial ultrasound guided biopsy in the Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School from June 2020 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The diagnosis rate and complications were analyzed and summarized. The 76 pulmonary nodules were divided into a small pulmonary nodules group (10 nodules, diameter≤1 cm) and a pulmonary nodules group (1 cm<diameter≤3 cm, 66 nodules) according to diameter. The two groups were compared in terms of operation and diagnosis rate. Results    Pulmonary nodules diameter was 1.8±0.6 cm, operation time 29.8±8.6 min, navigation 2.9±0.9 times, biopsy 9.5±1.9 pieces. In the 76 pulmonary nodules, 55 were confirmed by pathology, with a total diagnosis rate of 72.4%,  including 32 of malignant lesions and 23 of benign lesions. In the 76 pulmonary nodules, 59 had grade 0 hemorrhage, 17 had grade 1 hemorrhage, and none had grade 2 or more serious hemorrhage. Eight patients developed pneumothorax after surgery, and the degree of lung compression was less than 30%, which was improved after symptomatic treatment with oxygen inhalation. The operation time in the small pulmonary nodules group was significantly longer than that in the pulmonary nodules group, and there was no significant difference in diagnosis rate or complications between the two groups. Conclusion    Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy combined with radial endobronchial ultrasound is a safe and effective method for the diagnosis of periphery pulmonary nodules, and it also has a high diagnostic rate for small pulmonary nodules (≤1 cm), which is worthy of clinical promotion and application.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 192-195, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862568

ABSTRACT

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may induce chronic intermittent hypoxia, which may lead to the disorders of multiple systems and organs and even sudden cardiac death in severe cases. Besides respiratory, cardiovascular, endocrine, and metabolic diseases, OSA is also closely associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This article briefly describes the current status of OSA and NAFLD, introduces the impact of OSA on NAFLD, and reviews the mechanisms of OSA in NAFLD. It is pointed out that clarifying the mechanisms of OSA in affecting NAFLD and discovering potential prevention and treatment targets for NAFLD from the aspect of OSA are of great significance in delaying and even blocking the progression of NAFLD.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863941

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical effect of zoledronic acid combined with hip replacement in treatment of postmenopausal osteoporotic femoral neck fractures.Methods:152 patients with postmenopausal osteoporotic femoral neck fractures treated in our hospital from Dec. 2016 to Dec. 2018 were selected as the research subjects. According to the random number table method, they were divided into experimental group (zoledronic acid combined with hip replacement treatment) and control group (hip replacement treatment) , with 76 cases in each group. Lumbar and hip bone mineral density, Harris score, SF-36 score, bone formation markers (osteocalcin (OC) , total bone type I procollagen amino-terminal elongation peptide (PINP) , bone specific alkaline phosphate) Enzyme (BALP) ) , bone resorption markers (type I collagen carboxyterminal peptide β special sequence (β-CTX) , tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP-5b) ) , risk of periprosthetic fractures, and adverse reactions were compared.Results:There was no significant difference in lumbar bone mineral density ( t=-0.083, P=0.934) , hip bone mineral density ( t=0.081, P=0.935) , Harris score ( t=-0.051, P=0.960) , SF-36 score ( t=-0.027, P=0.978) , OC ( t=0.043, P=0.996) , PINP ( t=-0.411, P=0.682) , BALP ( t=-0.224, P=0.823) , β-CTX ( t=-1.3, P=0.196) , and TRACP-5b ( t=-3.263, P=0.001) between the two groups of patients before surgery. At 1 month, 6 months, and 12 months after surgery, the lumbar and hip bone mineral density, Harris score, and SF-36 scores were higher in the two groups than before surgery, and the experimental group of patients with lumbar bone mineral density ( t=2.113, P=0.036; t=2.049, P=0.042; t=3.824, P=0.000) , hip bone mineral density ( t=2.204, P=0.029; t=2.068, P=0.040; t=4.762, P=0.000) , Harris score ( t=2.578, P=0.011; t=2.616, P=0.010; t=2.868, P=0.005) , SF-36 score ( t=4.873, P=0.000; t=7.621, P=0.010; t=8.747, P=0.000) was significantly higher than the control group. OC, PINP, BALP, β-CTX, and TRACP-5b were lower in the two groups at 6 months after the operation than before, and the experimental group of patients with OC ( t=-3.263, P=0.001) , PINP ( t=-3.263, P=0.001) , BALP ( t=-3.263, P=0.001) , β-CTX ( t=-3.263, P=0.001) , and TRACP-5b ( t=-3.263, P=0.001) was significantly lower than the control group. The risk of periprosthetic fractures in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group ( χ2=4.788, P=0.028) . However, there was no significant difference in adverse reac-tion rates between the two groups ( χ2=0.336, P=0.562) . Conclusion:Zoledronic acid combined with hip replacement for postmenopausal osteoporotic femoral neck fractures can increase bone density, improve bone metabolism, reduce the risk of fractures around the prosthesis, and is safe and effective.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753835

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the resistance profile of Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates in Huashan Hospital, Fudan University. Methods The MICs of fluoroquinolones were determined by agar dilution method against 112 clinical strains of K. pneumoniae. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) were applied to 48 K. pneumoniae strains. The characteristic sequence type (ST) associated with antibiotic resistance was identified by PCR. Results Lower percentage (<40%) of K. pneumoniae strains were susceptible to fluoroquinolones. Majority (86.2%) of ciprofloxacin non-susceptible K. pneumoniae strains belonged to CC1 (ST11), ST494 or CC4 (ST15 and ST655), indicating the potential of clonal dissemination. ST494 (18.8%) was the second commonest sequence type, next only to ST11. ST494 strains harbored the genes encoding beta-lactamases, oqxAB, qnrD, aac-(6')-lb-cr and armA and had a single point mutation in gyrA. Therefore, ST494 strains were highly resistant to cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones and aminoglycosides and 22% of the strains were resistant to carbapenems. However, all the ST494 strains were susceptible to tigecycline and tetracycline. Conclusions ST11 and ST494 are the commonest STs of K. pneumoniae conferring multidrug resistance in this hospital. These STs may contribute to the high resistance rates of K. pneumoniae to fluoroquinolones. The susceptibility of ST494 strains to tigecycline and tetracycline allows us to consider the promising potential of such drugs in managing K. pneumoniae infections.

5.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 1148-1152, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661852

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease ( AD) is the most common type of dementia. Currently, there is a lack of drugs that could effectively slow and halt the progression of AD. The present review describes the advancements in the treatment of AD, mainly including drugs for symptomatic control, drugs that control the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, and some other drugs for AD and the non-pharmaceutical treatments. It is hoped that early diagnosis, early intervention and comprehensive therapy could relieve the symptoms and slow the progression of AD.

6.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 1148-1152, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658933

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease ( AD) is the most common type of dementia. Currently, there is a lack of drugs that could effectively slow and halt the progression of AD. The present review describes the advancements in the treatment of AD, mainly including drugs for symptomatic control, drugs that control the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, and some other drugs for AD and the non-pharmaceutical treatments. It is hoped that early diagnosis, early intervention and comprehensive therapy could relieve the symptoms and slow the progression of AD.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 507-512, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495492

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish blood purification system for rats and provide a safe and reliable experimental platform for further research of blood purification. Methods The right carotid artery and the contralateral jugular vein of adult male Sprague?Dawley rats were cannulated to creat vascular access for blood purification, by which continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration blood purification system was established. Blood flow, substitution fluid flow and ultrafiltration rate were regulated by rotary mini?pumps. Blood purification therapy continued for 4 hours on the basis of maintained anesthesia and effective anticoagulation. The safety of continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration blood purification systems was evaluated by comparing the arterial blood gas, electrolyte indexes and blood glucose during the blood purification therapy. Closely monitoring the vital signs of rats, such as blood pressure and heart rate, and observing whether there were any side effects, such as massive haemorrhage, thrombogenesis and gas embolism in the therapeutic process. Results There were no obvious changes of arterial blood gas, electrolyte indexes and blood glucose during the blood purification therapy (P>0.05). The vital signs did not fluctuate acutely before and after the blood purification therapy (P>0.05). The incidence rate of side effects was very low. Conclusions Continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration blood purification system had no obvious adverse effects on healthy rats. Our blood purification system for rats appears to be safe and reliable.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497408

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct a colon cancer chemotherapy-resistant cell line COLO,and study its characteristics and its relationship with tumor stem cells.Methods We constructed two 5-fluorouraci (5-FU)-resistant colon cancer cell line COLO/5-FU-1 and COLO/5-FU-2, which were resistant to 0.1 0 μmol/ml and 0.20 μmol/ml 5-FU respectively through gradiently increased drug concentration.The cha-racteristics of 5-FU-resistant cell lines were compared with parental colon cancer cell line COLO related to proli-feration,colony forming ability,migration and invasion,sphere forming ability,expression of stemness genes and cross drug-resistance.Results In the cell viability assay,4 days after regular training,the absorbancy of colon cancer 5-FU-resistant cell lines COLO/5-FU-2,COLO/5-FU-1 and parental colon cancer cell line COLO were 0.61 ±0.1 3,0.54 ±0.07 and 0.41 ±0.09 respectively,with significant difference (F =63.43,P =0.033).With the increased concentration of 5-FU,5-FU-resistant cell lines presented increasing clonality. The cloning efficiency of COLO/5-FU-2,COLO/5-FU-1 and parental colon cancer cell line COLO were (87.6 ±1 2.7)%,(65.3 ±9.7)% and (38.5 ±7.6)% respectively,with significant difference (F =33.64, P =0.01 7).In each high power field of vision,the cell numbers of migration through the basement membrane of COLO/5-FU-2,COLO/5-FU-1 and parental colon cancer cell line COLO were 482 ±39,434 ±45 and 373 ±38 respectively;and the cell numbers of invasion through the basement membrane were 1 74 ±42,1 1 2 ± 31 and 87 ±29 respectively,with significant differences (F =1 09.61 ,P =0.009;F =67.31 ,P =0.032). Compared with parental colon cancer cell line COLO,5-FU-resistant cell lines had higher expression of stem-ness genes (F =47.31 ,P =0.042).5-FU-resistant cell lines were cross-resistant to other chemotherapeutic drugs such as mitoxantrone.For example,after incubation for 96 hours,inhibition rate of mitoxantrone to parent colon cancer cell line COLO was higher significantly than COLO/5-FU-1 and COLO/5-FU-2 (0.749 ± 0.042,0.423 ±0.024,0.342 ±0.01 8),with significant difference (F =1 2.61 ,P =0.028).The micro-sphere forming rates of COLO/5-FU-2,COLO/5-FU-1 and parental colon cancer cell line COLO were (8.90 ± 0.97)%,(6.20 ±0.75)% and (3.90 ±0.32)% respectively,with significant difference (F =1 64.32,P =0.006).Conclusion Colon cancer drug-resistant cell line COLO possess tumor stem cell-like characteristics, which are enriched in cancer stem cells.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484369

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect of protocatechuic acid(PCA)on the PC12 cell model of Alzheimer’s disease(AD)and to explore its mechanism . Methods Amyloid beta peptide 1-42(Aβ1-42)fiber polymers were identified by immunofluorescence. After PC12 cells were stimulated with the Aβ1-42 fiber polymers, the cellular morphology was observed at different time points of hour 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 24 , and the cellular viability was tested by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT)assay to monitor the modeling condition. The effect of PCA on PC12 cells was detected after PC12 cells were pretreated with the different contentions of PCA. Autophagy-related marker Beclin1 protein level was detected by Western blotting method to investigate the protective mechanism of PCA. Results Aggregated white Aβ1-42 mass was stable at hour 12 and 24, and showed no significant difference between the two time points, the cell damage rate being 40%. Therefore, we defined culturing time being 12 and 24 hours as the modeling condition of AD model. The cell viability was increased with 200-800 μmol/L of PCA after culturing for 24 hours(P<0.01) , and the Western blotting results showed that the Beclin1 protein expression was up-regulated by PCA. Conclusion PCA prevents PC12 cells from Aβ1-42-induced toxicity, the mechanism being related with the increase of cellular autophagy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747783

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the clinical effeetiveness of prelingually deaf children after cochlear implantation at different ages so as to provide reasonable expectations for the patients and guidance for the clinical treatment.@*METHOD@#Electronic databases PubMed, YZ365. COM, WANFANG DATA, CMJD, CHKD, CNKI were searched using relevant keywords. Extracted data included author, year of publication, diagnosis, et al. Reported treatment outcomes were clustered into speech discrimination and hearing abilities. Meta-analyses were performed on studies with numerical results using random or fixed effects model.@*RESULT@#There were eight randomized control studies including 442 patients. Comparing speech perception of prelingually deaf children after cochlear implantation younger than three years old (experimental group) and 3-6 years old (control group), three and six months after operation showed that experimental group performed significantly worse than control group; 12 months after operation showed that experimental group performed significantly better than control group. Comparing hearing abilities, three and six months after operation showed that experimental group performed significantly worse than control group; 12 months after operation showed showed that experimental group performed significantly better than control group. Comparing speech perception of younger or older than 4. 5 years old children showed that after 1.5-2 years of operation children implanted younger than 4.5 years of age performed significantly better than children implanted older than 4.5 years old. Comparing speech perception of 7-12 years old children showed that after 3, 6, 12 months of operation patients of 7-12 years old performed significantly better than those children older than 12 years old. Comparing speech perception of implantation younger or older than 18 years old (7-14 yeas old was group A, > 14-18 yeas old was group B, older than 18 yeas old was group C) showed that after one and four years of operation A > B > C, and there were significant differences among them. Comparing warble tone threshold average (WTA) showed that after one year of operation A < B < C, and there were significant differences among them. However, after four years of operation, there was no significant difference among them.@*CONCLUSION@#Prelinguistically deafened patients younger than three years old with cochlear implantation, insisting on scienctific rehabilitation training for a long period of time can receive the optimal recovery effect. The older patients are suggested as early as possible receiving cochlear implantation. The longer they are implanted, the better results they will receive. Moreover, the younger age they are implanted, the faster postoperative language progress they will receive. Further controlled studies with longer follow-up periods and more person included may make the effectiveness of cochlear implantaion more reliable.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Cochlea , Cochlear Implantation , Deafness , Hearing Tests , Humans , Language , Language Development , Speech Perception , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747748

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study conduct a qualitative synthesis and quantitative meta-analysis of VFAFI, aimed to study whether it is a useful treatment for UVCP.@*METHOD@#Electronic databases PubMed, YZ365. COM, WANFANG DATA, CMJD, CHKD,CNKI were searched using relevant keywords. Reported treatment outcomes were clustered into three categories,i. e. subjective, perceptual,acoustic,aerodynamic,and stroboscopic. Meta-analyses were performed on studies with numerical results using random effects model.@*RESULT@#Five articles were identified with a total of 404 patients. All the studies reported significant improvements or decrease after VFAFI in each category of outcome measurements. Meta-analysis demonstrated a significant increase or decrease in all categories. Adverse effects include slight inflammatory reponse can resolve spontaneously within 1 month. The recurrence rate after VFAFI was high due to the self absorption. NNE and Jitter of post-operation is lower than pre-operation,there is no significantly change between the control group and experimental group; F0, Shimmer and MPT of post-operation is higher than pre-operation, there is no significantly change between the control group and experimental group.@*CONCLUSION@#The invasiveness and morbidity of VFAFI are low and the side effects are self-limited. Meta-analyses demonstrated significant improvements or decreased from both objective and subjective measurements. Further controlled studies with longer follow-up periods and more person were included may evaluate the effectiveness of VFAFI more reliably.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Transplantation , Humans , Injections , Treatment Outcome , Vocal Cord Paralysis , Therapeutics , Voice Quality
12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1601-1611, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240551

ABSTRACT

To detect cadmium ions, we constructed a specific microbial sensor and screened detecting cassettes and different fluorescence proteins. Blue fluorescence protein mTagBFP2 was selected as a reporter and a double-promoters model was used in the construction of the fusion reporter vector Pmer::merR-m-Pmer::mTagBFP2-pMD19-T. The reporter vector was then transformed into Escherichia coli MC4100 wild type strain. The medium, incubation time, initial density for induction, and the optimal detection range were determined. The specificity of the biosensor was also checked. The biosensor responded specifically to cadmium irons with low background, and the linear concentration range detection ranged from 0.1 to 75 μmol/L at the initial OD600 = 0.1 with 2 h incubation in IHMM medium. Thus we successfully constructed a specific biosensor to detect cadmium irons and provided useful strategies for development and optimization of microbial sensors to detect heavy metals.


Subject(s)
Biosensing Techniques , Cadmium , Escherichia coli , Genetic Vectors , Promoter Regions, Genetic
13.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 247-251, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468712

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of A20 expression stimulated by free fatty acids (FFA) and its pathway.Methods HepG2 cells and U937 cells were stimulated by 0.5 mmol/L mixed FFA.The expression of A20,phosphor-p65 and phosphor-IκBα of neclear factor (NF)-κB pathway and phosphor-c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK),JNK,phosphor-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK),ERK,phosphor-p38 and p38 of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway were detected by Western blotting.The level of interleukin (IL)-12p,IL-1β,tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α,IL-6,IL-10 and IL-8 cytokines in the supernatant of cell culture were detected by flow cytometry.T-test was performed for statistical analysis.Results The level of A20 changed along with the stimulated time of FFA.NF-κB and MAPK pathways were activated after FFA stimulation.The secretion of IL-6 and IL-8 increased after HepG2 cells stimulated by FFA and both reached peak at 24 hour.Compared with control group,the difference in IL-8 was statistically significant ((423.8 ± 8.9) pg/mL vs (12.4 ± 4.5) pg/mL,t=41.28,P<0.01).The difference in IL-6 was also statistically significant ((4 082±423.6) pg/mL vs (52.9±29.5) pg/mL,t=9.49,P<0.01).After U937 cells were stimulated by FFA,the secretion of IL-8 increased compared with control group.And in a certain period of time the secretion was time dependence.The maximum secretion of 24 hours was (200.6±5.7) pg/mL vs (5.0±3.9) pg/mL,and the difference was statistically significant (t=28.16,P<0.01).IL-10,IL-12p,IL-1β and TNF-α were detected.Both NF-κB pathway and MAPK pathway were detected.Conclusions The in vitro FFA mediated steatotic cell model could induce the expression change of A20 and secretion of inflammatory cytokines.NF-κB and MAPK pathways involved in the response to FFA in HepG2 cells and U937 cells.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669951

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influence of early intensive blood pressure (BP) lowering treatment on peri-he?matomal secondary neuronal injury and prognosis after acute intracerebral hemorrhage. Methods A randomised con?trolled trial consisting of 36 consecutive patients within 6 h of intracerebral hemorrhage onset were randomly assigned to intensive BP lowering group and guideline BP lowering group. All patients underwent MR spectroscopy at 72 h and were followed up 90 days. N Acetyl Aspartate/Creatine (NAA/Cr) and lactic acid wave around peri-hematomal at 72 h, neuro?logic function at early stage, and death and/or disability at 90d were compared between these two group. Results Spec?trum lines were obtained from thirty-one patients:14 from intensive BP lowing group and 17 from guideline BP lowering group. There was no significant difference in the percentage declines of NAA/Cr at 72 h between the two groups (13.3%± 4.2% vs. 11.9%± 2.8%, P = 0.308). There was no statistical differences either in neurologic function at 7 d or in death and/or disability at 90 d (P>0.05). Conclusions Early intensive BP-lowering treatment had no role on peri-hematomal secondary neuronal injury and prognosis after acute intracerebral hemorrhage. Further high-quality and large-scale ran?domised controlled trial are necessary to verify this result.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-748578

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Assess and compare the clinical efficacy and safety of cochlear implantation in deaf patients with inner ear malformation and in the ones with normal inner ear structure, so that to clarify whether it is effective to restore hearing for the deaf patients with inner ear malformation.@*METHOD@#The literature with relevant key words were retrieved in the databases including PubMed, YZ365. com, WANFANG data, CMJD, CHKD and CNKI with language limited to Chinese and English. Extracted data included author, year of publication, diagnosis, treatment, et al. The clinical efficacy of cochlear implantation was assessed by the complications, electrode impedance, behavior T-level, hearing abilities and speech discrimination. Meta-analysis was performed using random or fixed effects model according to the heterogeneity of data.@*RESULT@#There were 11 randomized control studies involving 655 patients included in this study. There was no statistically significant difference among the deaf patients in mixed inner ear-malformation group, Mondini group and large vestibular aqueduct syndrome group in the aspects of postoperative complications, electrode impedance, behavior T-level, hearing abilities and speech discrimination.@*CONCLUSION@#Cochlear implantation could be the way of treatment and rehabilitation for deaf patients with inner ear malformation. Further controlled studies with longer follow-up periods and more multiracial cases included may help to evaluate the efficacy of cochlear implantation for deaf patients with inner ear malformation more reliably.


Subject(s)
Cochlear Implantation , Ear, Inner , Congenital Abnormalities , Electric Impedance , Electrodes , Hearing , Hearing Loss , Therapeutics , Humans , Postoperative Complications , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Speech Perception
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746792

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare and analysis outcomes of different age paragraph hearing aid users by questionnaires.@*METHOD@#The questionnaire was deployed to 90 hearing aid users, 40 females and 50 males, with ages between 19 and 80 years-from junior high school education to university education, suffering binaural severe or moderate sensorineural deafness. The subjects were devided into 3 groups, the A group with ages between 19 and 40 years, the B group with ages between 41 and 60 years, the C group with ages between 61 and 80 years. After being fitted with hearing aids for 6 weeks, 6 months and 12 months, SADL and IOI-HA were applied to evaluating 90 subjects. The study was carried out through face to face interview or by telephone.@*RESULT@#There were significant differences in SADL scores of positive effect, service and Personal image among the 3 groups (P < 0.01). The scores of the A group was the highest, and the B group was higher than the C group. On the contrary, there were significant differences in SADL scores of negative effect among the 3 groups (P < 0.01), with the scores of the A group being the lowest, and the B group being lower than the C group. There were also significant differences in IOI-HA scores among the 3 groups (P < 0.01). The scores of the A group was the highest, and the B group was higher than the C group.@*CONCLUSION@#The outcome and satisfaction of hearing aids among different age paragraph is improved with the wearing time growth, but the outcome and satisfaction of hearing aids are decreased with the age growth.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Hearing Aids , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Rehabilitation , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Satisfaction , Self Concept , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635456

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the anti-HSV-2 effect of alumen through in vitro and in vivo experiments. Viable cell counting was employed to assess the toxicity of alumen on Vero cells. The inhibition rate of HSV-2 was defined as the cytopathic effect (CPE) of the cells infected with the virus. Alumen suppositories of different concentrations were vaginally applied to the guinea pigs which were then infected with HSV-2 via a vaginal route. The clinical symptoms were observed and the local virus titer calculated. The results showed that alumen had an in vitro anti-HSV-2 effect by means of antiviral duplication, direct killing of the virus, and antiviral adsorption. Alumen suppositories of different concentrations could reduce or completely inhibit HSV-2 infection in guinea pigs. It was concluded that alumen had an in vitro anti-HSV-2 effect through multiple approaches and it could suppress in vivo vaginal HSV-2 infection of guinea pig to some extent.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-527830

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To compare the clinical effects between alprostadil and the traditional therapy in treating sudden deafness.METHODS:A total of120patients were randomly ascribed to receive alprostadil(treatment group)or traditional drugs(e.g.low molecule dextran,dexameth,danshen root injection,control group),the two groups were assisted with hyper-baric oxygen treatment,the total effective rates of the two groups were compared.RESULTS:The total effective rates of the treatment group and the control group were75%and56.7%,respectively,and there was significant difference between the two groups(P

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