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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 1017-1023, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809710

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of IA regimen which contains idarubicin (IDA) 8 mg/m2, 10 mg/m2 or 12 mg/m2 as induction chemotherapy for adult patients with de-novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) .@*Methods@#A total of 1 215 newly diagnosed adult AML patients, ranging from May 2011 to March 2015 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University and other 36 clinical blood centers in China were enrolled in the multicenter, single-blind, non-randomized, clinical controlled study. To compare the response rate of complete remission (CR) , adverse events between different dose idarubicin combined with cytarabine (100 mg/m2) as induction chemotherapy in newly diagnosed patients of adult AML.@*Results@#Of 1 207 evaluable AML patients were assigned to this analysis of CR rate. The CR rates of IDA 8 mg/m2 group, IDA 10 mg/m2 group and IDA 12 mg/m2 group were 73.6% (215/292) , 84.1% (662/787) and 86.7% (111/128) , respectively (P<0.001) . After adjusted for age, blast ratio of bone marrow, FAB classification and risk stratification, the odds ratios (95% CI) of IDA 10 mg/m2 group and IDA 12 mg/m2 group were 0.49 (0.34-0.70) and 0.36 (0.18-0.71) , as compared with the IDA 8 mg/m2 group (P<0.001, P=0.003) . In the intermediate and favorable groups, CR rates was 76.5% (163/213) , 86.9% (506/582) and 86.1% (68/79) in different doses of IDA (P=0.007) . Interestingly, IA regimen with IDA 10 mg/m2 was the only beneficial factor affecting CR in this group after adjusted for age, blast ratio of bone marrow and FAB classification[OR=0.47 (95% CI 0.31-0.71) , P<0.001]. CR rates in adverse group was 50.0% (18/36) , 60.6% (43/71) and 81.8% (18/22) respectively (P=0.089) . However, the odds ratios (95% CI) of IDA 12 mg/m2 when compared with the IDA 8 mg/m2 was 0.22 (0.06-0.80) , after adjusted for age, blast ratio of bone marrow and FAB classification. The median time (days) of neutrophil count less than 0.5×109/L in IDA 8 mg/m2 group, IDA 10 mg/m2 group and IDA 12 mg/m2 group were 14 (11-18) , 15 (11-20) and 18 (14-22) , respectively (P=0.012) and of platelet count lower than 20×109/L were 14 (7-17) , 15 (11-20) and 17 (15-21) , respectively (P=0.001) . The incidences of lung infection in the three groups were 9.8%, 13.5% and 25.2%, respectively (P<0.001) .@*Conclusions@#For young adult patients (aged 18-60 years) with AML in China, intensifying induction therapy with idarubicin 10 mg/m2 is clinically superior to IDA 8 mg/m2 and IDA 12 mg/m2 in favorable intermediate AML subgroup. However, idarubicin 12 mg/m2 is more suitable to adverse AML subgroup.

2.
Medical Principles and Practice. 2015; 24 (5): 458-464
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-166593

ABSTRACT

We aimed to investigate the expression of inter-leukin 12 [IL-12] family cytokines [IL-12, IL-23, IL-27 and IL-35] and their relevant cytokines [IFN-gamma, IL-4, IL-17A and IL-10] in patients with chronic immune thrombocytopenia [cITP] as well as the effect of high-dose dexamethasone [HD-DXM] treatment on this expression. DXM was administered orally at a dose of 40 mg per day for 4 consecutive days to 38 patients with cITP. We measured the plasma levels of IL-12p70, IL-23, IL-27, IFN-gamma, IL-4 and IL-17A before and after treatment and also in 36 matched healthy controls, by means of FlowCytomix[Tm]technology. The plasma levels of IL-10 and IL-35 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Significantly higher plasma levels of IL-12p70, IL-23, IL-27, IFN-gamma and IL-17A were observed in cITP patients than in controls [p < 0.01], and after HD-DXM treatment, these levels decreased significantly [p < 0.01]. However, significantly lower plasma levels of IL-4, IL-10 and IL-35 were observed in cITP patients than in controls [p < 0.01]; after the HD-DXM treatment, these levels had increased significantly in the cITP patients [p < 0.01]. Moreover, the cytokine levels of patients who attained a complete response returned to the levels of normal controls [p > 0.05] but were not corrected in the patients who had no response [p <0.01]. The patients with cITP had abnormal expression of the IL-12 family cytokines and their relevant cytokines levels, and HD-DXM treatment corrected the derangement of plasma cytokines. Measuring cytokine levels may help in the clinical assessment of cITP


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Female , Male , Cytokines , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Dexamethasone
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 202-205, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278877

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the different outcomes by dexamethasone in adults immune thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP) with different types of platelet specific-autoantibodies.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 185 ITP were enrolled, 61 males and 124 females, with a median age of 42 (18-83) years, including 117 newly diagnosed, 35 persistent, and 33 chronic cases. All the patients received the dexamethasone at an initial dose of 40 mg per day for 4 days and a low dose of 5-10 mg for 3-4 weeks. The platelet specific-autoantibodies were identified by the modified monoclonal antibody-specific immobilization of platelet antigen (MAIPA) assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the IgG positive patients, the response rates in anti-GPIIb/IIIa antibody, anti-GPIbα antibody, both antibody positive, and both antibody negative were 87.5%, 50.0%, 68.0%, and 72.3% (χ²=11.489, P<0.05), respectively. Among the IgM positive patients, the response rates in the four groups were 82.1%, 71.4%, 61.9%, and 68.9% (χ²=2.719, P=0.437), respectively. Among the GPIbα antibody positive patients, the response rates in IgG alone, IgM alone, both positive, and both negative were 52.4%, 59.1%, 76.1%, and 77.9% (χ²=10.811, P<0.05), respectively. Among the GPIIb/IIIa antibody positive patients, the response rates in the four groups were 73.3%, 71.0%, 78.6%, and 66.3% (χ²=1.374, P=0.719), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ITP patients with GPIbα-IgG antibody have worse response to dexamethasone treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Autoantibodies , Blood Platelets , Dexamethasone , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Young Adult
4.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 468-471,475, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601296

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors in patients with primary gastrointestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PGI-DLBCL),and to improve the diagnosis and treatment of PGI-DLBCL.Methods Retrospective analysis was conducted in 51 cases of PGI-DLBCL between January 2009 and August 2013.The data included clinical manifestations,pathological features,treatment regimens and prognosis.Results 51 patients included 31 males and 20 females,the range of ages was from 16 to 80 years old,median age was 48 years old.The major clinical presentation were abdominal pain,abdominal distension,abdominal mass,nausea and vomiting,abdominal mass.The occurrences in stomach,small intestine,colon,rectum and multiple involvement were 56.86 %,29.41%,7.84 %,1.90 % and 3.92 % respectively.The mass bigger than 10 cm was found in 13 cases (25.49 %).47.06 % (24/51) of the cases belonged to the GCB subtype and 52.94 % (27/51) belonged to the non-GCB subtype.There was no significant impact of lymphoma cell origin,disease distribution (stomach or intestinal) and mass on prognosis of lymphoma treatment.The univariate analysis revealed that the patients with Lugano stage Ⅳ,increased level of serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH),modified-international prognosis index (modified IPI) 3-5 and increased level of CA125 had poor prognosis (all P < 0.05).There was no difference of survival rate between patients treated with rituximab plus chemotherapy and single CHOP like therapy.Surgery plus postoperative chemotherapy significantly improved survival of patients treated with simple chemotherapy (P > 0.05).Conclusion The clinical Lugano stage,IPI score,increased LDH and CA125 are important prognostic factors of PGI-DLBCL.

5.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 861-863, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399314

ABSTRACT

Objecfive To detect the specific autoantibodies against platelet in idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and to study the relationship between these autoantibodies and the severity of ITP as well as therapeutic effect.Methods Autoantibodies (GPⅡbⅢa and GPIb) against platelet glycoprotein was measured by a monoclonal antibody immobilization of platelet antigen assay (MAIPA) in 40 ITP patients.Results 10 patients had mono-specific antibodies to GP Ⅱ bⅢa and 6 patients had mono-specific antibodies to GPIbα.Another 20 patients had antibodies to both antigens and 4 patients had no detectable antibody to either platelet antigen.There Was negative correlation between the antibody against GPⅡbⅢa(b=-0.071,P<0.01),CPIbα(b=0.092,P<0.01) and platelet counts.The ratio of refractory cases in patients with antibodies to both antigens(8/20) was significantly higher than that in patients with mono-specific antibodies(1/16)(χ2=6.09,P<0.05).Conclusion The specific autoantibadies against platelet might be valuable for discrininafion of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and non immune thrombocytopenia.The types of antibodies are related with severity of ITP and therapeutic effect.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-558095

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore mechanism of human bone mesenchymal stem cell(MSC)in treating patients with aplastic anemia(AA)in vitro.Methods MSCs were separated with Percoll(1.073 g/mL)and cultured in low glucose DMEM.T cells were harvested by using nylon column.MSCs of various concentrations were added to PHA induction T cell proliferation cultures with AA patients.The proliferation of T cell was measured by MTT method. The CD25(IL-2R)expression rates of CD~+_3 T cells was analyzed by flow cytometry .Results MSCs were planted in 96-well plates(2?10~4/well for group A,1?10~4/well for group B)and cocultured with T cell isolated from peripheral blood of AA patients. Peripheral blood T cell noncocultured with MSC acted as the control group.MSCs significantly inhibit PHA-induced T cell proliferation and the CD25 expression of CD~+_3 T cells in patients with AA(P

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