Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 21
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869873

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of autophagy in ischemia postconditioning (IPO)-induced attenuation of intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice.Methods:Thirty-two SPF healthy adult male C57BL/6J mice, aged 9-12 weeks, weighing 25-29 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=8 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S), intestinal I/R group (group IIR), group IPO and IPO plus 3-methyladenine (3-MA) group (group IPO+ 3-MA). The model of intestinal I/R was established by occlusion of superior mesenteric artery for 45 min followed by 2-h reperfusion in anesthetized animals.The mice underwent 3 cycles of 30-s reperfusion followed by 30-s ischemia before restoration of reperfusion in group IPO.Blood samples from the femoral artery were collected at 2 h of reperfusion for determination of concentrations of serum diamine oxidase (DAO), D-lactate (D-LA) and intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP). The animals were then sacrificed and intestinal tissues were removed for microscopic examination of the pathologic changes which were scored according to Chiu and for determination of the expression of autophagy-related proteins Beclin-1 and p62 (by Western blot). The water content of intestinal tissues was calculated. Results:Compared with group S, the Chiu′s score, concentrations of serum DAO, D-LA and I-FABP, water content of intestinal tissues, and LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ ratio were significantly increased, Beclin-1 expression was up-regulated, and p62 expression was down-regulated in IIR, IPO and IPO+ 3-MA groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group IIR, the Chiu′s score, concentrations of serum DAO, D-LA and I-FABP, water content of intestinal tissues, and LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ ratio were significantly decreased, Beclin-1 expression was up-regulated, and p62 expression was down-regulated in group IPO ( P<0.05). Compared with group IPO, the Chiu′s score, concentrations of serum DAO, D-LA and I-FABP, and water content of intestinal tissues were significantly increased, LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰratio was decreased, Beclin-1 expression was down-regulated, and p62 expression was up-regulated in group IPO+ 3-MA ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Autophagy is involved in ischemia postconditioning-induced attenuation of intestinal I/R injury in mice.

2.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(1): e202000106, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088526

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To explore the role of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) in renal ischemia/reperfusion injury of diabetic rats. Methods Sixty adult male rats were randomly divided into 6 groups, including sham group (S group), ischemia-reperfusion group (I/R group), ischemia-reperfusion+ATRA group (A group), diabetic group (D group), diabetic ischemia-reperfusion group (DI/R group), diabetic ischemia-reperfusion +ATRA group (DA group). The levels of creatinine (Cr), cystatin C (Cys-C) and β2-microglobulin (β2-MG) were measured. Morphology of renal tissue was observed under light microscope. Results DJ-1, Nrf2, HO-1 and caspase-3 were detected by western blot. DJ-1, Nrf2, HO-1 and caspase-3 in I/R group, D group and DI/R group was higher than that in S group. Compared with I/R group, Nrf2 and HO-1 in A group was decreased, but caspase-3 was increased. However, Nrf2 in DA group was higher than that in DI/R group, HO-1 and caspase-3 in DA group were lower than that in DI/R group. Compared with group S, Cr, Cys-C and β2-MG in I/R group, A group, D group, and DI/R group were higher. Whereas the levels of Cr, Cys-C, β2-MG and renal injury score in DA group were lower than those in DI/R group. Conclusion ATRA has a protective effect on renal ischemia-reperfusion injury in diabetic rats, maybe relating to DJ/Nrf2 pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Tretinoin/therapeutic use , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/chemically induced , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/therapeutic use , Kidney/drug effects , Tretinoin/pharmacology , Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Streptozocin , Disease Models, Animal , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/pharmacology , Kidney/pathology
3.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(11): e201901106, Nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054683

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate whether GDF11 ameliorates myocardial ischemia reperfusion (MIR) injury in diabetic rats and explore the underlying mechanisms. Methods: Diabetic and non-diabetic rats subjected to MIR (30 min of coronary artery occlusion followed by 120 min of reperfusion) with/without GDF11 pretreatment. Cardiac function, myocardial infarct size, creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) 15-F2tisoprostane, autophagosome, LC3II/I ratio and Belcin-1 level were determined to reflect myocardial injury, oxidative stress and autophagy, respectively. In in vitro study, H9c2 cells cultured in high glucose (HG, 30mM) suffered hypoxia reoxygenation (HR) with/without GDF11, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) treatment, cell injury; oxidative stress and autophagy were assessed. Results: Pretreatment with GDF11 significantly improved cardiac morphology and function in diabetes, concomitant with decreased arrhythmia severity, infarct size, CK-MB, LDH and 15-F2tisoprostane release, increased SOD activity and autophagy level. In addition, GDF11 notably reduced HR injury in H9c2 cells with HG exposure, accompanied by oxidative stress reduction and autophagy up-regulation. However, those effects were completely reversed by H2O2 and 3-MA. Conclusion: GDF11 can provide protection against MIR injury in diabetic rats, and is implicated in antioxidant stress and autophagy up-regulation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Autophagy/drug effects , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/metabolism , Growth Differentiation Factors/pharmacology , Reference Values , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Up-Regulation/drug effects , Cell Line , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Streptozocin , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Hemodynamics/drug effects , Antioxidants/pharmacology
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709876

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of classⅠhistone deacetylase (HDAC) in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I∕R) injury in diabetic rats and the relationship with adenosine monophosphate-acti- vated protein kinase (AMPK)∕mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. Methods SPF healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 210-220 g, were used in this study. Type I diabetes mellitus was induced by single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin dissolved in citrate buffer 60 mg∕kg, and 8 weeks later the rats with type I diabetes mellitus were used for experiment. Forty-eight diabetic rats were divided into 4 groups (n=12 each) by using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S), myocardial I∕R group (group I∕R), myocardial I∕R plus class I HDAC inhibitor MS-275 group (group I∕R+MS) and myocardial I∕R plus MS-275 plus AMPK inhibitor Compound C group ( group I∕R+MS+CC). Myocardial I∕R was induced by ligation of the left anterior descending branch of the coronary ar-tery for 45 min followed by 180 min of reperfusion in anesthetized rats. In group I∕R+MS, MS-275 10 mg∕kg was intraperitoneally injected once a day for 7 consecutive days, and myocardial I∕R was produced after the end of administration. AMPK inhibitor Compound C 0. 5 mg∕kg was intravenously injected at 30 min before ischemia in group I∕R+MS+CC. Six rats were sacrificed at the end of reperfusion for determina-tion of myocardial infarct size. Another 6 rats were selected at the end of reperfusion and sacrificed for deter-mination of the level of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in serum (by en-zyme-linked immunosorbent assay), expression of AMPK, phosphorylated AMPK ( p-AMPK), mTOR, phosphorylated mTOR (p-mTOR), ubiquitin-binding protein P62 (P62), microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 Ⅰ(LC3 Ⅰ) and LC3Ⅱ in myocardial tissues (by Western blot). The ratios of p-AMPK∕AMPK, p-mTOR∕mTOR and LC3Ⅱ∕Ⅰwere calculated. Results Compared with group S, the myocardial infarct size and levels of serum CK-MB and LDH were significantly increased in I∕R, I∕R+MS and I∕R+M+CC groups, the ratios of p-AMPK∕AMPK and LC3Ⅱ∕Ⅰwere significantly increased, p-mTOR∕mTOR ratio was decreased, and P62 expression was down-regulated in group I∕R+MS (P<0. 05), and no significant change was found in p-AMPK∕AMPK ratio, p-mTOR∕mTOR ratio, LC3Ⅱ∕Ⅰ ratio or P62 expression in I∕R and I∕R+M+CC groups (P>0. 05). Compared with group I∕R, the myocardial infarct size and levels of serum CK-MB and LDH were significantly decreased, the ratios of p-AMPK∕AMPK and LC3Ⅱ∕Ⅰwere in-creased, p-mTOR∕mTOR ratio was decreased, and P62 expression was down-regulated in group I∕R+MS (P<0. 05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group I∕R+M+CC (P>0. 05). Compared with group I∕R+MS, the myocardial infarct size and levels of serum CK-MB and LDH were significantly increased, the ratios of p-AMPK∕AMPK and LC3Ⅱ∕Ⅰ were decreased, p-mTOR∕mTOR ratio was increased, and P62 expression was up-regulated in group I∕R+M+CC ( P<0. 05). Con-clusion Class Ⅰ HDAC is involved in myocardial I∕R injury through enhancing AMPK∕mTOR signaling pathway-regulated level of autophagy in diabetic rats.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709844

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of oxycodone preconditioning on mitochondrion-dependent apoptosis in liver ceils during intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in rats.Methods Fifty-four healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats,weighing 200-300 g,were divided into 9 groups (n=6 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (group S),I/R group,oxycodone preconditioning group (group OP),μ receptor blocker CTOP group (group CTOP),δ receptor blocker naltrindole (NTD) group (group NTD),κ receptor blocker nor-binaltorphimne (BNI) group (group BNI),CTOP plus oxycodone preconditioning group (group CTOP+OP),NTD plus oxycodone preconditioning group (group NTD+ OP),and BN1 plus oxycodone preconditioning group (group BNI+OP).The model of intestinal I/R was established by occluding the superior mesenteric artery for 45 min followed by 2 h reperfusion.Oxycodone 0.5 mg/kg was injected intravenously at 10 min prior to ischemia in OP,COTP+OP,NTD+OP and BNI+ OP groups.COTP 1 mg/kg and NTD 5 mg/kg were injected intravenously at 20 min prior to ischemia in COTP+OP and NTD+OP groups,respectively.BNI 5 mg/kg was injected intravenously at 25 min prior to ischemia in group BNI+OP.CTOP 1 mg/kg and NTD 5 mg/kg were injected intravenously at 10 min prior to ischemia in CTOP and NTD groups,respectively.BNI 5 mg/kg was injected intravenously at 15 min prior to ischemia in group BNI.The superior mesenteric artery was only exposed but not occluded in group S.The rats were sacrificed at 2 h of reperfusion,and livers were removed for determination of apoptosis in liver cells (using TUNEL) and expression of Bcl-2 and caspase-3 in liver tissues (by immunohistochemistry).The apoptosis index (AI) was calculated.Results Compared with group S,AI was significantly increased,the expression of Bcl-2 was down-regulated and the expression of caspase-3 was up-regulated in the other eight groups (P<0.05).Compared with group I/R,AI was significantly decreased,the expression of Bcl-2 was up-regulated,and the expression of caspase-3 was down-regulated in group OP (P<0.05).Compared with group OP,AI was significantly increased,Bcl-2 expression was down-regulated,and caspase-3 expression was up-regulated in COTP+OP,NTD+OP and BNI+OP groups (P<0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which oxycodone preconditioning activates μ,δ and κ receptors and reduces intestinal I/R injury may be related to inhibiting mitochondrion-dependent apoptosis in rats.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709829

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of anti-myosin monoclonal antibodies-nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) decoy oligodeoxynucleotides-lipofectamine compound (mAb2G4-ODN-lip) on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats.Methods Forty clean-grade healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 8-10 weeks,weighing 240-260 g,were divided into 4 groups (n=10 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (group S),myocardial I/R group (group I/R),ODN-lip group (group ODN) and mAb2G4-ODN-lip group (group mAb2G4).Myocardial I/R was induced by occlusion of the left anterior descending branch of coronary artery for 30 min followed by 120 min reperfusion.In ODN and mAb2G4 groups,ODN-lip (100 μg ODN) and mAb2G4-ODN-lip (100 μg ODN) compounds were injected via the femoral vein,respectively,immediately after onset of ischemia.The left anterior descending branch of coronary artery was only occluded but not ligated in group S.The animals were sacrificed at 120 min of reperfusion and myocardial specimens of the left ventricle on the ischemic side were obtained for examination of the pathological changes (using haematoxylin and eosin staining) and for determination of the expression of NF-κB (by Western blot) and contents of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay).Results Compared with group S,the expression of NF-κB was significantly up-regulated,and the contents of TNF-α and IL-6 were increased in I/R,ODN and mAb2G4 groups (P< 0.05).Compared with group I/R,the expression of NF-κB was significantly down-regulated,and the contents of TNF-α and IL-6 were decreased in ODN and mAb2G4 groups (P<0.05).Compared with group ODN,the expression of NF-κB was significantly down-regulated,and the contents of TNF-α and IL-6 were decreased in group mAb2G4 (P<0.05).The pathological changes of myocardial tissues were significantly attenuated in group I/R,group ODN and group mAb2G4 in turn.Conclusion mAb2G4-ODN-lip can mitigate myocardial I/R injury in rats.

7.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 252-255, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511198

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish neuropathic pain models,explore the effects and mechanisms of dexmedetomidine on neuropathic pain.Methods Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups (n =9):0.9% sodium chloride solution CCI group (N),dexmedetomidine CCI group (D),ZD7288 CCI group (Z) and sham-operated group (Sham).Sciatic nerve ligation was performed in group N,D and Z.The sciatic nerve in group Sham was exposured without ligation.7 d after surgery,the rats in group D were intraperitoneal injected with dexmedetomidine (40 μg· kg-1),and the rats in group Z were intraperitoneal injected with ZD7288 (10 mg·kg-1)once a day for 3 d.The same volume of 0.9% sodium chloride solution was given at the same time in group N.The behavioral test was performed before and 7 d after operation,as well as 3 d after injection treatment.Mechanical allodynia was assessed by paw withdrawal mechanical threshold (PWMT) to von Frey filaments.Thermal hyperalgesia was assessed by paw thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) to radiant heat.Dexmedetomidine block of HCN channels in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons were confirmed by whole-cell recording.Results 7 d after surgery,the PWMT and TWL of rats in group N,D and Z were decreased significantly (P < 0.05).The PWMT and TWL in group Sham were no significant difference before and after operation.Dexmedetomidine significantly increased the levers of PWMT and TWL in group D and Z after treatment for 3 d,and group Z was greater than group D (P < 0.05).Dexmedetomidine (0.1,1,10 μmol· L-1) caused a concentration-dependent decrease in the amplitude of Ih in DRG neurons from (-844.43 ± 386.34) to (-215.99 ± 63.90) pA (P < 0.05),and the inhibition rate of Ih was (11.87 ± 1.80) %,(35.26 ± 3.65) % and (52.02 ± 5.56) %,respectively(P <0.05).Dexmedetomidine produced a dose-related shift to the left of the Ih activation,and a negative shift in V1/2 (P < 0.05).V1/2 shifted from (-86.21 ± 1.68) to (-103.54 ± 2.01) mV (P < 0.05).The slope values were not altered by dexmedetomidine.Conclusion Dexmedetomidine produces a dose-dependently analgesic effect on neuropathic pain after peripheral never injury,which is likely due to the inhibition of Ih and reduction of ectopic spontaneous discharge in DRG neurons.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505514

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) in diabetes mellitus-induced reduction of hypoxic postconditioning (HPO)-induced protection of cardiomyocytes and the relationship with glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β)-mediated mitochondrial apoptotic pathway.Methods H9c2 cells incubated in high-glucose (30 mmol/L) medium for 24 h were divided into 6 groups (n =5 each) using a random number table:normoxia group (group N),hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) group,group HPO,PTEN gene silencing normoxia group (group P-N),PTEN gene silencing H/R group (group P-H/R),and PTEN gene silencing HPO group (group P-HPO).H9c2 cells were exposed to 95% N2-5% CO2 for 4 h followed by 2 h reoxygenation with 90% O2-10% CO2.HPO was induced by 3 cycles of 5 min reoxygenation followed by 5 min hypoxia before reoxygenation.At the end of reoxygenation,the level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the supernatant was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay,the changes in mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP were assessed by JC-1 fluorescence assay,the cell apoptosis was detected by AnnexinV-FITC/PI flow cytometry,and the expression of PTEN and phosphorylated GSK-3β (p-GSK-3β) was determined by Western blot.The JC-1 monomer/polymer ratio and apoptosis rate were calculated.Results Compared with group N,the amount of LDH released,JC-1 monomer/polymer ratio and apoptosis rate were significantly increased,and the expression of PTEN was up-regulated in H/R and HPO groups (P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the parameters mentioned above between group H/R and group HPO (P>0.05).Compared with group HPO,the amount of LDH released,JC-1 monomer/polymer ratio and apoptosis rate were significantly decreased,PTEN expression was down-regulated,and the expression of p-GSK-3β was up-regulated in group P-HPO (P<0.05).Compared with group N,the expression of PTEN was significantly down-regulated,and no significant changes were found in the other parameters mentioned above in group P-N (P>0.05).Compared with group H/R,the expression of PTEN was significantly down-regulated,and no significant changes were found in the other parameters mentioned above in group P-H/R (P>0.05).Conclusion PTEN is involved in diabetes mellitus-induced reduction of HPO-induced protection of cardiomyocytes,and the mechanism is associated with PTEN-induced activation of GSK-3β-modulated mitochondrial apoptotic pathway.

9.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1132-1135, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665991

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of caveolin-1 (Cav-1) in penehyclidine hydrochioride (PHC)-induced inhibition of lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced activation of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) /p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) signaling pathway in macrophages of mice.Methods Macrophages of mice were seeded in 6 em diameter dishes (5 ml per dish) and divided into 5 groups (n=20 each) using a random number table:Scr-siRNA group (S group),Scr-siRNA + LPS group (LPS group),Ser-siRNA+LPS +PHC group (LPS+P group),Cav-1-siRNA+LPS group (C+LPS group) and Cav-1-siRNA+LPS+PHC group (C+LPS+P group).Macrophages were transfected with Scr-siRNA for 24 h in S,LPS and LPS+P groups and with Smart pool Cav-1 siRNAs for 24 h in C+LPS and C+LPS+P groups.LPS at the final concentration of 1 μg/ml was added after the end of transfection,and macrophages were then incubated for 2 h in LPS,LPS+P,C+LPS and C+LPS+P groups.In LPS+P and C+LPS+P groups,PHC at the final concentration of 2 μg/ml was added at 2 h of incubation with LPS,and macrophages were then incubated for 2 h.The expression of Cav-1 and TLR4 was detected by Western blot.The expression of p38 MAPK was determined by immunofluorescence.The level of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in the culture medium was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The activity of myeloperoxidase (MPO) in macrophages was measured by colorimetry.Results Compared with group S,the expression of TLR4 and p38 MAPK was significantly up-regulated,and the concentration of TNF-α in the culture medium and activity of MPO were increased in the other four groups,the expression of Cav-1 was significantly downregulated in LPS and C+LPS groups (P <0.05),and no significant change was found in the expression of Cav-1 in group LPS+P (P>0.05).Compared with group LPS,the expression of Cav-1 was significantly up-regulated,the expression of TLR4 and p38 MAPK was down-regulated,and the concentration of TNF-α in the culture medium and activity of MPO were decreased in group LPS+P,and the expression of Cay-1 was significantly down-regulated,the expression of TLR4 and p38 MAPK was up-regulated,and the concentration of TNF-α in the culture medium and activity of MPO were increased in group C+LPS (P<0.05).Compared with group LPS+P,the expression of Cav-1 was significantly down-regulated,the expression of TLR4 and p38 MAPK was up-regulated,and the concentration of TNF-α in the culture medium and activity of MPO were increased in group C+LPS+P (P<0.05).Compared with group C+LPS,the expression of Cav-1 was significantly up-regulated,the expression of TLR4 and p38 MAPK was down-regulated,and the concentration of TNF-α in the culture medium and activity of MPO were decreased in group C+LPS+P (P<0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which PHC inhibits LPS-induced activation of TLR4/p38 MAPK signaling pathway in macrophages is related to up-regulating Cav-1 expression in mice.

10.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1102-1104, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665818

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of sevoflurane on the expression of early growth response gene 1 (Egr-1) and Egr-2 in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) of sleep-deprived rats.Methods Forty-eight pathogen-free healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats,were divided into 4 groups (n =12 each) using a random number table:control group (group C),sleep deprivation group (group SD),sevoflurane group (group SEV) and sleep deprivation plus sevoflurane group (group SD+SEV).The rats were subjected to sleep deprivation for 96 h in group SD.The rats inhaled 2.5% sevoflurane for 3 h in group SEV.The rats inhaled 2.5% sevoflurane for 3 h after being subjected to sleep deprivation for 96 h in group SD+SEV.The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) was measured at 12 h,3 days and 7 days after emergence from anesthesia (T1-3).The animals were sacrificed after blood samples were obtained from the external carotid artery,and the cerebral SCN was removed for determination of Egr-1 and Egr-2 expression by Western blot.Results Compared with group C,the MWT was significantly decreased at T1-3 in SD,SEV and SD+SEV groups,the expression of Egr-1 and Egr-2 in SCN was significantly up-regulated at T1-3 in SD and SD+SEV groups,and the expression of Egr-1 in SCN was significantly up-regulated at T1-3,and the expression of Egr-2 in SCN was up-regulated at T1 in group SEV (P<0.05).Compared with SD and SEV groups,the MWT was significantly decreased at T1-3 in group SD+SEV,and the expression of Egr-1 and Egr-2 in SCN was significantly up-regulated at T1-3 in group SD+SEV (P<0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which sevoflurane aggravates hyperalgesia is related to up-regulation of Egr-1 and Egr-2 expression in SCN of sleepdeprived rats.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491533

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the causes and treatment methods of early complications after central systemic-pulmonary shunt in complex cyanotic congenital heart diseases.Methods Two hundred and twelve cases of central systemic-pulmonary shunt in complex cyanotic congenital heart diseases were retro-spectively analyzed in order to explore the early postoperative complications and related treatment measures. Results There were 61 cases(28.77%)of the early postoperative complications,including severe low car-diac output syndrome in 27 cases,acute pulmonary edema in 14 cases,24 h shunt pipe blockage in 12 cases, and supraventricular tachycardia in 8 cases.All patients got followed up,average for(2.49 ±1.21 )years.Af-ter the systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunts,pulmonary vascular had significant growth,8 patients(3.77%) of them who pulmonary hypoplasia were promoted by transcatheter aortopulmonary collateral vessels.At the end of the follow-up,77 patients(36.32%)achieved the standard of radical surgery.Conclusion The factors affecting surgical survival rate include:enhancement of patients cardiac function and strictly handle operation indication before operation a clear operational view;rational surgical methods;treatment of complication with-out delay;strict,intensive care and synthesized treatment.

12.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1138-1141, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483311

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of penehyclidine hydrochloride on Fas/FasL expression during acute lung injury induced by blunt chest trauma-hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation (HSR) in rats.Methods Thirty male SPF Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 8 weeks, weighing 245-275 g, were randomly assigned into 3 equal groups using a random number table: sham operation group (group Sham) , blunt chest trauma-HSR group (group THSR) and penehyclidine hydrochloric group (group PHCD).The model of acute lung injury induced by blunt chest trauma-HSR was induced by dropping a 300 g weight onto a precordium in anesthetized rats.Blood was withdrawn via the femoral artery 5 min later until mean arterial pressure was decreased to 35-45 mmHg within 15 min, and maintained at this level for 60 min, followed by resuscitation.In PHCD group, PHCD 2 mg/kg was injected intravenously at 60 min after hemorrhagic shock.At 6 h after the model was established, the rats were sacrificed, the lungs were then removed for microscopic examination of pathologic changes and for determination of Fas, FasL and caspase-8 expression, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-1β contents in lung tissues.Apoptotic index was calculated.Results Compared with group Sham, the expression of Fas, FasL and caspase-8 was significantly up-regulated, and AI and contents of IL-6 and IL-1β were increased in THSR and PHCD groups (P<O.05).Compared with group THSR, the expression of Fas, FasL and caspase-8 was significantly down-regulated,and AI and contents of IL-6 and IL-1β were decreased in group PHCD (P<0.05).The pathologic changes of lungs were significantly reduced in group PHCD compared with group THSR.Conclusion The mechanism by which penehyclidine hydrochloride inhibits lung cell apoptosis induced by blunt chest trauma-HSR is associated with inhibition of Fas/FasL expression in rats.

13.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1112-1115, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469939

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of penehyclidine hydrochloride (PHC) on acute lung injury induced by blunt chest trauma-hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation in rats.Methods Forty male SpragueDawley rats,aged 8 weeks,weighing 250-300 g,were randomly assigned into 4 equal groups (n =10 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (S group),blunt chest trauma combined with hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation group (group THSR),PHC for prevention group (group P1)and PHC for treatment group (group P2).ALI was induced by dropping a 300 g weight onto a precordial protective shield to direct the impact force away from the heart and toward the lungs in anesthetized rats in THSR,P1 and P2 groups.Blood was withdrawn via the femoral artery 5 min later until MAP was decreased to 35-45 mmHg within 15 min and maintained at this level for 60 min,followed by resuscitation.In P1 group,PHC 2 mg/kg was injected intravenously at 30 min before blunt chest trauma.In P2 group,PHC 2 mg/kg was injected intravenously at 60 min after hemorrhagic shock.At 6 h after the model was established,arterial blood samples were obtained for blood gas analysis and for measurement of concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in serum by ELISA.Oxygenation index (OI) was calculated.The animals were sacrificed and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected for determination of white blood cell count and protein concentrations.Lungs were removed for examination of pathological changes and ultrastructure and for determination of Toll-like receptor (TLR4) and phosphor-p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (p-p38MAPK) expression (by Western blot).Results Compared with group S,PaO2 and OI were significantly decreased,PaCO2,protein concentrations in BALF,white blood cell count,and IL-6 and IL-1β concentrations in serum were increased,and TLR4 and p-p38MAPK expression was up-regulated in THSR,P1 and P2 groups.Compared with group THSR,PaO2 and OI were significantly increased,PaCO2,protein concentrations in BALF,white blood cell count,and IL-6 and IL-lβ concentrations in serum were decreased,TLR4 and p-p38MAPK expression was down-regulated in P1 and P2 groups.No significant differences were found in the parameters mentioned above between P1 and P2 groups.Conclusion PHC can mitigate acute lung injury induced by blunt chest trauma-hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation in rats,and inhibited activation of TLR4/ p38MAPK signaling pathway and attenuated inflammatory responses are involved in the mechanism.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452205

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The treatment of pulmonary hypertension secondary to congenital heart disease has been a hot topic in the clinical research on cardiac surgery. Although traditional drugs for reducing pulmonary hypertension have excelent effects, there are some defaults, such as difficult monitoring and rebounding phenomenon after drug withdrawal. The traditional heart dacron graft is prone to cause complications, such as deformation, thrombosis, embolism, hemolysis and infection. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effect of glutaraldehyde-fixed bovine pericardium patch and aerosolized iloprost in patients with pulmonary hypertension secondary to congenital heart disease. METHODS:Ninety patients with pulmonary hypertension due to congenital heart disease underwent a surgery. Glutaraldehyde-treated bovine pericardium patch were used to repair cardiac septal defect, and then aerosolized iloprost was applied after operation, administered for 3 days according to 30 ng/min/kg, every 4 hours in the first 12 hours of a day, and every 6 hours in the resting 12 hours. Mean arterial pressure, mean pulmonary arterial pressure, systemic vascular resistance index, pulmonary vascular resistance index were recorded before inhalation, immediately after inhalation, and 30 minutes after inhalation. The pericardium-associated complications, and cardiac function were also observed at folow-ups. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The involved 90 cases were detected by echocardiography. The results showed that, al the flaps were closed, there was no shunting or echo discontinuation of atrial septum. The heart contraction function was normal. No pericardium-associated complications were found. There was no significant difference in the mean arterial pressure and systemic vascular resistance index in al patients at different time points. The mean pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance index immediately after inhalation were significantly lower than that before inhalation (P < 0.01). The decrease was also significant 30 minutes after inhalation (P < 0.05). The intervention of glutaraldehyde-fixed bovine pericardium patch and aerosolized iloprost is safe and effective to treat patients with pulmonary hypertension secondary to congenital heart disease.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451003

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the roles of inflammatory response in acute lung injury (ALI) induced by blunt chest trauma verus by blunt chest trauma-hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation (double hits) in rats.Methods Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 8 weeks,weighing 240-280 g,were randomly assigned into 3 equal groups (n =10 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (S group),blunt chest trauma group (T group),and blunt chest trauma and hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation group (THSR group).Lung contusion was induced in anesthetized rats by dropping a 300 g weight onto a precordial protective shield to direct the impact force away from the heart and toward the lungs.Blood was withdrawn via the left femoral artery 5 min later until MAP was decreased to 35-45 mmHg within 15 min and maintained at this level for 60 min,followed by resuscitation.At 6 h after the model was established,the arterial blood samples were collected for blood gas analysis and detection of serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α),interleukin-6 (IL-6),IL-1β and IL-10 (by ELISA).The rats were then sacrificed and pulmonary specimens were obtained for determination of contents of TNF-α,IL-6,IL-1β and IL-10 in lung tissues and for microscopic examination.Results Compared with group S,PaO2 was significantly decreased,and the levels of TNF-α,IL-6,IL-1β and IL-10 in serum and lung tissues were increased in T and THSR groups.Compared with group T,PaO2 was significantly decreased,and the levels of TNF-α,IL-6,IL-1β and IL-10 in serum and lung tissues were increased in group THSR.The histopathological damage to lung tissues was aggravated in THSR group as compared with T group.Conclusion The role of inflammatory response in ALI induced by blunt chest trauma-hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation (double hits) is significantly stronger than that in ALI induced by blunt chest trauma alone in rats.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447821

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore method of early diagnosis and treatment of adult patients with cerebral ischemic stroke after cardiovascular surgery.Methods The chnical data of 24 adult patients with cerebral ischemic stroke after cardiovascular surgery were retrospectively analyzed.Firstly,CT or MRI should be accomplished to determine the type of cerebral ischemic stroke as soon as patients' condition of circulation and respiration were stable.Secondly,the vital signs should be monitored closely,and the consciousness,pupil,respiratory and hmbs activity of the patients were observed.Thirdly,the patients' temperature of head should be reduced and be given dehydration,anticoagulation,cholesterol-lowering medication,brain nutrition drugs,beta receptor blockers and other drugs.Overall,the balance of fluid,electrolytes and acid-base were maintained in the course of treatment.Results Among the 24 patients,male was 66.7% (16/24).Early cerebral ischemic stroke occurred in 6 cases,delayed cerebral ischemic stroke occurred in 18 cases.Cerebral ischemic stroke happened in 12 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting surgery,8 patients after cardiac valve replacement surgery,2 cases after artery dissection surgery and 2 patients after other surgery.Two cases were death during hospital stay,the mortality was 8.3% (2/24).Conclusion Adult patients with clinical manifestation of cerebral ischemic stroke after cardiovascular surgery should be diagnosed early as soon as possible,the treatment key of cerebral ischemic stroke is strict monitoring and comprehensive treatment.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428041

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of ischemic post-conditioning (IPO) on the level of Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in acute ischemia - reperfusion (I/R) injury of lung in order to illuminate its protective mechanism.Methods Forty-eight adult SD rats were randomly divided (random number) into 6groups ( n =8 each):sham operation group ( S group) ; I/R group in which the hilum of left lung was clamped for 45 min followed by 105 min reperfusion; IPO group in which left lung hilum was clamped for 45min and post - conditioned by alternation of 30 s reperfusion with 30 s re-occlusion for three times before perfect perfusion for 102 min; Hemin (HM) + I/R group; ZnPPⅨ (zinc protoporphyrin Ⅸ) + IPO group and HM + S group.Arterial partial pressure of oxygen ( PaO2 ) and malondialdehyde (MDA) content in blood serum were assayed.The left lung was removed for determination of wet/dry (W/D) lung weight ratio and level of HO-1 protein was detected by immunohistochemical technique and pathohistological changes were observed under light microscopic examination. Comparisons among multiple groups were studied by using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Statistical comparisons within groups were analyzed by using paired t -test.Results The level of HO-1 in lung tissue was significantly increased in the I/R group compared with the S group and the HM + S group (P <0.01,P <0.05).Compared to the I/R group,the IPO and the HM + I/R groups had significant higher level of HO-1 ( P < 0.05,P < 0.01 ).The PaO2 was significantly lower in all experimental groups than that in the S group (90 ± 11 ) mmHg.However,the values of PaO2 in the IPO and the HM + I/R groups were higher than that in the I/R group (P < 0.01 ).In addition to severe lung tissue damage evidenced by pathohistological changes,the lung wet/dry (W/D) weight ratio and MDA level in blood serum were significantly higher in the I/R group than those in the S group (P <0.01 ),whereas the lung damage was attenuated either by IPO or by HM pretreatment (P < 0.05,IPO or HM + I/R vs.I/R).Conclusions IPO can attenuate the lung ischemia - reperfusion injury through upregulating the level of HO-1 protein and inhibiting lipid peroxidation injury.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426907

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of ischemic postconditioning (IPO) on renal injury induced by intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) and the expression of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in mice.Methods Thirty-six healthy male C57BL/6J mice,aged 9-12 weeks,were randomly divided into 3 groups ( n =12 each):sham operation group ( S group),I/R group,and IPO + I/R group ( group IPO).Intestinal I/R was produced by occlusion of superior mesenteric artery for 45 min followed by 2 h reperfusion.The mice underwent 3 cycles of 30 s reperfusion and 30 s ischemia at the end of 45 min ischemia before 2 h reperfusion.Blood samples were collected from carotid artery at 2 h of reperfusion and then the mice were sacrificed.The kidney was removed for microscopic examination.The pathological changes of the kidney were scored.The concentrations of serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN),creatinine (Cr) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL)were detected.The expression of Nrf2 and heme oxygenase- 1 ( HO- 1 ),superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity,and the content of malondialdehyde (MDA),TNF-α,IL-6 and IL-10 were determined in renal tissues.Results The concentrations of serum BUN,Cr and NGAL,MDA content and the expression of Nrf2 and HO- 1 were significantly higher,SOD activity was significantly lower,and the pathological score was significantly higher in group I/R that in group S ( P < 0.05).The concentrations of serum BUN,Cr and NGAL and MDA content were significantly lower,the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 and SOD activity were significantly higher,and the pathological score was significantly lower in group IPO that in group I/R ( P <0.05).There was no significant difference in the content of TNF-αα,IL-6 and IL-10 among all groups(P>0.05).Conclusion IPO can alleviate the renal injury induced by intestinal I/R through promoting the expression of Nrf2 and up-regulating the expression of HO-1 in mice.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426338

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigatc the role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein-serine-threonine kinases (Akt) signal pathway in ginsenoside Rb1 pretreatment-induced attenuation of myocardial ischemiareperfusion (I/R) injury in diabetic rats.Methods Male SD rats weighing 250-300 g were used in this study.Diabetes mellitus was induced by intraperitoneal streptozotocin and confirmed by fasting blood glucose ≥ 16.7mmol/L.Eight weeks after diabetes mellitus was induced,48 rats were randomly divided into 4 groups ( n =12each):group myocardial I/R (group I/R); group ginsenoside Rb1 (group R); group ginsenoside Rb1 + wortmannin (PI3K inhibitor) (group RW) and group wortmannin (group W).Myocardial I/R was induced by occlusion of anterior descending branch of left coronary artery for 30 min followed by 120 min reperfusion.Ginsenoside Rb1 40 mg/kg was injected iv at 10 min before ischemia in groups R and RW,while in groups RW and W wortmannin 15 μg/kg was injected iv at 20 min before ischemia.Arterial blood samples were collected at the end of 120 min reperfusion for determination of creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities.The rats were then sacrificed.The infarct size was measured by tetrazolium method.Myocardial apoptosis was detected by TUNEL and apoptotic index (the number of apoptotic myocardial cells/the total number of myocardial cells) was calculated.The expression of Akt and phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) was determined by Western blotting.Results Ginsenoside Rb1 pretreatment significantly reduced the infarct size,myocardial cell apoptotic index and serum CK and LDH activities and up-regulated p-Akt expression in group R as compared with group I/R.The protective effects of ginsenoside Rbl against myocardial I/R injury were significantly attenuated by wortmannin pretreatment in group RW compared with group R.Conclusion PI3K/Akt signal pathway is involved in the protective effects of ginsenoside Rb1 against myocardial I/R injury in diabetic rats.

20.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1275-1277, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430276

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptor (GABAAR) in lung tissues in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury in rats.Methods Thirty-two male Wistar rats,aged 8 weeks,weighing 200-230 g,were randomly divided into 4 groups (n =8 each) ∶ control group (group C),group LPS,GABA pretreatment + LPS group (group GABA) and GABAAR antagonist bicuculline pretreatment + LPS group (group BIC).Acute lung injury was induced by intravenous LPS 5 mg/kg in groups LPS,GABA and BIC,while the equal volume of normal saline was given in group C.GABA 50 mg/kg and bicuculline 10 μmol/kg were injected intraperitoneally 30 min before LPS injection in GABA and BIC groups,respectively.Arterial blood samples were collected at 6 h after LPS injection for measurement of arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2).The animals were then sacrificed and lungs removed for determination of W/D lung weight ratio,GABAAR expression,contents of interleukin-6 (IL-6),tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in lung tissues and for microscopic examination.Results Compared with group C,PaO2 was significantly decreased in the other three groups,and W/D lung weight ratio,TNF-α,IL-6 and MDA contents were significantly increased,GABAAR expression was up-regulated,and SOD activity was decreased in groups LPS and GABA (P < 0.05).Compared with group LPS,W/D lung weight ratio,TNF-α,IL-6 and MDA contents were significantly increased,GABAAR expression was up-regulated,and SOD activity was decreased in group GABA (P < 0.05),and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group BIC and in PaO2 in groups GABA and BIC (P > 0.05).Conclusion GABAA R in lung tissues is involved in the development of acute lung injury induced by LPS.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL