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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495302

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effectiveness of intratympanic dexamethasone injection as a protec-tion agent against cisplatin ototoxicity.Methods Fifty five healthy guinea pigs were randomly divided into four groups.The guinea pigs groups received (group I)0.9% NaCl solution(16 ml/kg)intraperitoneally (IP),(group II)dexamethasone (10 mg/ml)intratympanically(IT),(group III)cisplatin (16 mg/kg)only intraperitoneally(IP) and (group IV)dexamethasone (10 mg/ml)IT followed after 1h by 16 mg/kg cisplatin.Before and 7 days following injections,the ototoxic effect was measured with auditory brainstem response(ABR).The contents of malondiade-hyde(MDA)and activities of superoxide dismutase(SOD)were also measured.Results ABR thresholds before and after dosing were 28.50±4.74,29.00±3.94 dB nHL and 28.67±5.82,31.33±5.81 dB nHL in group I and group II,respectively,with no significant differences (P>0.05).The contents of MDA and activities of SOD were 2.01 ±0.07 mmol/L ,234.10±13.09 U/ml and 2.06±0.09 mmol/L,233.20±13.24 U/ml in the group I and group II, respectively,with no significant differences (P>0.05).ABR thresholds after dosing were 55.33±4.81,and 40.67 ±3.72 dB nHL in the group III and group IV,which were significantly increased,but ABR thresholds in the group IV were significantly lower than that in the group III (P<0.05).The contents of MDA were 5.74±0.17,3.51± 0.18 mmol/L in the group III and group IV,which were significantly increased.SOD activities were 107.90 ± 14.21,and 162.70±11.25 U/ml,which significantly decreased.Nevertheless,in the group IV dexamethasone rela-tively reduced the contents of MDA(P<0.001)while increased the activities of SOD(P<0.001)compared with group III.Conclusion Intratympanic dexamethasone injection presents as an effective treatment modality to prevent cisplatin ototoxicity without any ototoxic effect.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749730

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of cisplatin on the expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax in cochlea and spiral ganglion cells (SGC) of guinea pigs.@*METHOD@#Twenty guinea pigs were randomly divided into cisplatin (n = 10) and control groups (n = 10). Cisplatin group were administrated with a dose of intraperitoneal injection of 16 mg/kg, while the control group were received intraperitoneal injection of normal saline as placebo. Before and 7 days following injections, the ototoxic effect was measured with distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE). Bcl-2, Bax in cochlea were detected by Western Blot. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the protein levels of Bcl-2 and Bax in spiral ganglion cells.@*RESULT@#In control and cisplatin group, Bcl-2 protein levels were 0.727 8 ± 0.016 9 and 0.467 6 ± 0.020 1, Bax protein levels were 0.384 8 ± 0. 0217 and 0.735 6 ± 0.022 3 in cochlea respectively, both P < 0.01. In Control and cisplatin group, the grey values of Bcl-2 in SGC were 99.00 ± 2.42 and 149.80 ± 2.37 respectively, the grey values of Bax were 154.50 ± 2.80 and 104.50 ± 3.09 respectively, both P < 0.05.@*CONCLUSION@#Decreased expression of Bcl-2 and increased expression of Bax may be involved in cisplatin-induced apoptosis in cochlea and SGC of guinea pigs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cisplatin , Pharmacology , Cochlea , Metabolism , Guinea Pigs , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Spiral Ganglion , Metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747637

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate effectiveness of endoscopic tragus cartilage-perichondrium in the treatment of large tympanic membrane perforations.@*METHOD@#Patients with large tympanic membrane perfortations who had underwent cartilage-perichondrium myringoplasty were retrospectively retrieved from our department. Those with a follow-up of equal to or greater than 12 months after surgery were included in the study. Hearing test results were reported using a four-frequency air conduction and bone-air conduction gap. Patients were labeled as treatment success if the tympanic membrane was intact without lateralization or anterior blunting after surgery.@*RESULT@#Of the 35 patients with large tympanic membrane perforations treated by endoscopic tragus cartilage-perichondrium, 33 (94.3%) were treatment success. There was no graft lateralization, anterior blunting, neocholesteatoma, and sensorineural hearing loss in these patients after surgery. The air conduction and bone-air conduction gap before surgery in the study cohort were (43.8 ± 5.7) dB and (28.5 ± 3.1) dB, respectively. Postoperative air conduction and bone-air conduction gap of the cohort were (31.4 ± 6.4) dB HL and (16.2 ± 4.1) dB, respectively. The postoperative air conduction and bone-air conduction gap decreased significantly after surgery (P < 0.01). Overall postoperative air-bone gap in 27 of the 35 patients (77%) were less than 20 dB after surgery.@*CONCLUSION@#Endoscopic cartilage-perichondrium myringoplasty is an effective procedure in the treatment of large tympanic membrane perforations.


Subject(s)
Bone Conduction , Cartilage , Cohort Studies , Ear Auricle , Endoscopy , Hearing , Hearing Tests , Humans , Myringoplasty , Postoperative Period , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tympanic Membrane , Tympanic Membrane Perforation , General Surgery , Tympanoplasty
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-748562

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influence of sublingual immunotherapy on Th2 type immunoreaction in patients with allergic rhinitis within 12 months' treatment.@*METHOD@#Forty three patients with allergic rhinitis were followed-up within 12 months after receiving sublingual immunotherapy. The changes of clinic symptoms and immunoreaction were analyzed. VAS score was applied to evaluate the efficacy of clinic treatment. TIgE and sIgE in serum were tested to evaluate the systemic immunoreaction. Eosinophil counting in nasal discharge was applied to evaluate the local nasal mucosa immunoreaction.@*RESULT@#VAS scores were decreased significantly one month after the starting point of treatment, companied by the decrease of EOS count in nasal discharge (P < 0.05). The changes of TIgE and sIgE in serum within 12 months of sublingual immunotherapy were not significant (P < 0.05). The levels of IL-4 and IL-13 in nasal lavage were decreased significantly after 12 months' treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#The bias of Th2 type immunoreaction existed in nasal mucosa immune system in patients with allergic rhinitis could been rectified partially after receiving sublingual immunotherapy for 12 months, but the significant changes were not observed in systemic immune system.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Animals , Child , Eosinophils , Allergy and Immunology , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin E , Blood , Interleukin-13 , Allergy and Immunology , Interleukin-4 , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Mites , Allergy and Immunology , Rhinitis, Allergic , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Sublingual Immunotherapy , Th2 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Young Adult
5.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 431-435, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466624

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the cytogenetic and immunological phenotypes of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(8;21),and explore the risk stratification and risk-adapted treatments.Methods The chromosomal karyotype of bone marrow was detected and analyzed in 22 newly diagnosed patients with t(8;21) AML by direct culture and G banding technique.Patients were divided into two groups according to the chromosomal karyotypes.Clinical characteristics and immunological phenotypes were compared between patients with isolated t(8;21) and those with additional aberrations.A follow-up study with median time 30 months (4-68 months) was conducted to analyze prognostic factors.Results 13 cases (59.1%) were isolated t(8;21) AML,while 9 (40.9 %) had additional aberrations.Loss of sex chromosome was found in 3 cases and complex variant translocation in 2.The 10q-,9q-,-18 and +10 were found in single cases.Overall survival of patients with additional aberrations was significantly poorer than those with isolated t (8;21) (P =0.0176).Analysis of prognostic factors showed that t(8;21) chromosomal karyotype,initial white blood cells at diagnosis,and treatment regimen (chemotherapy alone or plus hematopoietic stem cell transplantation) had effects on overall survival.Conclusion Patients with t (8;21) AML are frequently associated with additional chromosomal aberrations.The latter indicates a poorer outcome and can be one of the bases of risk stratification.Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation might help to improve the overall survival.

6.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 161-164, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466537

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantify sjTREC using a modified method in patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem transplantation (all-HSCT),and determine the level of thymic output function and analyse the influencing factors in post-allo-HSCT patients.Methods Real time quantitative PCR was used to detect sjTREC levels from the peripheral blood DNA of pre-transplantation,14 d,28 d,3 m,6 m,9 m,1 y,1.5 y,2 y,2.5 y,and above 2.5 y after HSCT,and analyse thymic output function and related factors after HSCT.sjTREC levels in 24 normal individuals were also determined to use as the normal range.Results The mean of Log (sjTREC copies/ml) in normal individuals was 3.74±0.26.Negative correlation existed between thte Log sjTREC and the age (r =-0.65,P < 0.01).There was no clear association between the TREC and the gender.Log sjTREC in pre-transplantation patients was 3.09±0.52,and the levels of sjTREC in 14 d,28 d,6 m,1 y after HSCT were 1.18±0.22,2.16±0.31,1.31±0.2,1.83±0.31,respectively.There was no significant difference between normal individuals and patients 1.5 years after HSCT.The post-transplantation level of sjTREC was not related to the age,but was negatively correlated to the acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) 1 year after HSCT.There was no difference between patients with or without aGVHD 1.5 years post-HSCT.Conclusion The modified method for detecting sjTREC is applicable to allo-HSCT.The recovery of thymic output function after allo-HSCT is slow,in which aGVHD may have a negative effect.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425779

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the clinical significance of fms-like tyrosine kinase3(FLT3) expression in evaluation prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia(AML) prognosis.Methods50 patients with AML were selected.AML patients with normal karyotype were 20 cases,the abnormal karyotype were 30 cases.3ml bone marrow before themotherapy was aspirated respectively,and the FLT3 gene expression in leukemia cells was detected with polyenzyme chain react(PCR).ResultsThe FLT3 expression rate in AML patients with normal karyotype was 5.0%,and was 26.7% in AML patients with abnormal karyotype,33.3% in AML patients with refractory-relapse,and 4.5% in AML patients with continue remission.The FLT3 expression rate was related with high leukemia cells percentage in bone marrow and high blood cells count in peripheral blood,and was not related with Franch America British(FAB) classification.The free-disease survival(FDS) and overall survived(OS) was shorter in FLT3 expression AML patients than that in no FLT3 expression AML patients.There was a statistical significance between the former and the latter( x2 =4.17,P <0.05 ).Conclusion FLT3 was a kind of worse factor in AML patients prognosis,and could guide clinical individual treatment in AML.

8.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 69-72, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384807

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the high-risk factors,clinical characteristics,therapy and prognosis of invasive fungal infection (IFI)in patients underwent allogeneic haemopoietic stem cell transplantation (AlloHSCT). Methods One hundred patients underwent Allo-HSCT at our department from March 2002 to July 2010 were analyzed retrospectively,among whom 26 patients had invasive fungal infection(IFI). Seven patients had pulmonary IFI before allo-HSCT, 14 patients had pulmonary IFI after allo-HSCT,3 patients had respiratory tract system IFI, and 2 patients had intestinal IFI. We observed the occurrence of Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) ,cytomegalovirus( CMV )infection, Lymphocyte subsets and chronic basic diseases in patients with IFI. The twenty six cases were divided into two groups: experience therapy group with 12 cases and preemption therapy group with 14 cases. Results Among 26 patients with IFI,20 cases suffered from GVHD,6 cases had CMV infection,19 cases had low cellular immune function simultaneously. 1 case had diabetes,3 patients had pulmonary tuberculosis and 1 case had bronchiectasis as complications. In experience therapy groupe: 8 cases (67%)recovered completely but 1 case(8% )suffered from progressive infection. In preemption therapy groupe:3 cases ( 21% ) recovered completely but 5 cases ( 36% ) suffered from progressive infection. Conclusion Clinician should pay close attention to the patients with high-risk factors of IFI after allo-HSCT.

9.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 575-578, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389420

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the therapeutic effects of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantat (allo-HSCT) for severe aplastic anemia (SAA). Methods Four patients of SAA underwent allo-HSCT at the bonemarrow transplant unit in our hospital from March 2003 to May 2009. Stem cell source was an HLA (human leukocyte antigen) matched related donor (MRD) in 3, HLA 1 (B) mismatched related donor in 1 patient A retrospective analysis was performed on interval from diagnosis to transplant,HSCT manners,conditioning regimens, hematopoiesis reconstitution, effectiveness and complication. Results The interval from diagnosis to transplant was 70 (19 - 180) days. Three patients (MRD) underwent BM + PBSCT, one was undergone BM + PBSC + CBSCT. Conditioning regimens of all patients were CY/ATG. Hematopoiesis reconstitution was achieved in 4 patients (100%). The median time of neutrophils which reached 0. 5 x 109/L and platelets reached 20 × 109/L were 14. 5 (9-28) and 16(9 -28) days. Two cases developed grade Ⅰ acute graft-versus-host diseaes (aGVHD), chronic local GVHD occurred in one patient. Four patients are alive with a median time of 40. 6(2 -63) months at the end of the following-up. Conclusions Allo-HSCT are an efficient and safe therapy for the patient with SAA,not only for patients with HLA matched related donor,but also for those only HLA mismatched related donor available.

10.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 509-512, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395223

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical and laboratory diagnosis of adult hemophagocytic syn-drome (HPS) . Methods Clinical data of 24 patients with HPS from 2000 to 2008 were retrospectively analyzed. Results Of the 24 HPS cases, 12 had a malignant associated hemophagocytic syndrome (MHAS), and 10 were fi-nally diagnosed by bone marrow immunohistochemist ;Of 12 cases in non-MAHS group,4 were with virus associated hemophagocytic syndrome (VAHS), and 4 were of the other infections, whereas 4 patients diagnosed of immune associated HS (MAS). There were significant difference in onset age, mortality, serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and serum ferritin(FER) and neutrophilic NAP between non-MAHS group and MAHS group(P <0.01 ,P<0.05). In all cases bone marrow biopsy showed significant differences in cytological and pathological features between MAHS group and non-MAHS group. Conclusion Etiology,immunology,and bone marrow cell biopsy and pathology as well contribute to the diagnosis and typing of HPS and will give a guide to the therapy.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-394433

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze and study the diagnosis of large granular lymphocyte leukemia(LGLL).Methods To report and discuss six cases weth LGLL we have found. Results 2 of T-LGLL and lof NK-LGLL had indolent process, mainly presenting with anemia and splenomegaly and good response to treatment, while; 1 of T-LGLL and 2 of NK-LGLL had aggressive process, their clinical characters are obviously general symptom, hepatomegaly,splenomegaly,these disease develop quickly and have bad prognosis. The immunophenotype of indolent LGLL is distinct from aggressive cases. Conclusion As a group of heterogeneous disease,its diagnosis should be based on clinical manifestation and immunophenotype and differentiated it carefully.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399395

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the possibility and surgical effect of simultaneous tympanoplasty to chronic suppurative otitis media in the period of infection. Methods Forty-eight cases (48 ears) with chronic suppurative otitis media in the period of infection (31 with cholesteatoma, 17 with caries) were underwent simultaneous Wullstein Ⅱ and Ⅲ tympanoplasty on the complete elimination of the lesions (typical or modified mastoidectomy). Results All eases had dry ears within 4-10 weeks with average of 7 weeks. The air-bone gap within 10 dB was in 11 eases, 15 to 20 dB in 25 cases, 25 to 30 dB in 9 eases, no change or worse in 3 eases. Conclusions Infection is not the absolute eontraindication to the tympanoplasty in treating chronic suppurative otitis media, Wullstein Ⅲ tympanoplasty plus mastoid cavity obliteration and eonchaplasty is a suitable choice to treating chronic suppurative otitis media on the complete elimination of lesions and reconstruction of the ventilation system among mastoid cavity, tympanum and eustachian. The malfunction of eustachian is the main eanse to failure of surgery.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1034-1036, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-398548

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between the expression of P53 protein and the radiosensitivity in patients with advanced maxillary squamous cell carcinoma.Methods An immunohistochomical method wag used to detect the expression of P53 protein in patients with advanced maxillary squamous cell carcinoma.The follow up time was 2 years.The local recurrence of the patients having been treated with radical surgery and affiliated radiotheraphy were analyzed.Results The overexpression of P53 protein in 26 cages was 65.4% (17/26).In the P53 overexpression group,the local recurrence after systiem therapy wag occurred in one case within 6 months,6 cages between 7~12 months.3 cages between 13~18 months and 2 cases between 19~24 months.In the P53 low expression group,there were no recurrence within 6 and 12 months and one case ocurred within 18 months.5 cages between 19~24 months.The difference of recurrence within 18 months after system therapy between the expression of P53 Wag statistically significant(P<0.05),but it Wag not significant for those within 24 months(P>0.05).Conclusions The expression of P53 protein Wag correlated with the radiosensitivity in patient with advaneed maxillary squamous cell carciaoma,especially for the resid.rod cells in mitosis phase.The affiliated radiotherapy after radical surgery Wag limited effect.

14.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 202-204, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473367

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of imatinib combining with allogeneic hematopioetic stem cell transplantation or chemotherapy for bcr-abl positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Methods 12 cases were diagnosed on morphology, cytochemistry, immunophenotype and bcr-abl fusion gene. The induction is imatinib (400 mg/d) combining chemotherapy. 8 cases accepted allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation after complete remission (CR). If bcr-abl became positive, the patient was treated with imatinib (400~600 mg/d). 3 cases were tested with imatinib alternating chemotherapy after cr. Results 11 patients gained CR, CR rate 91.7 %; 5 patients (41.7 %) became bcr-abl negative through 2 courses induction. 3 cases relapsed after transplantation. 2 cases relapsed in imatinib combining chemotherapy group. The median remission interval is 16 months (imatinib combining transplantation group) and 10 months (imatinib combining chemotherapy group) (P <0.01) respectively. The median survival time is 18 months (imatinib combining transplantation group), and the other group (imatinib combining chemotherapy) is 12 months (P <0.01). Conclusion Imatinib combining chemotherapy achieved high CR rate for the bcr-abl positive ALL. Imatinib combining allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is superior to imatinib combining chemotherapy for CR patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528013

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the feas-ibility of preserving parotid duct in regional excision of pleomorphic adenoma. METHODS 32 patients with parotid pleomorphic adenoma were treated by regional excision with the preservation of the parotid duct. RESULTS No relapse occurred during 3-6-year follow-up period. Transient facial nerve palsy occurred in only 3.1%(1/32) of patients and the drainage of the parotid duct on the surgical side was preserved. CONCLUSION Remaining function of the parotid gland function was preserved and the facial nerve was well-protected in the regional excision of pleomorphic adenomas, especially for patients with small pleomorphic adenomas.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-558453

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficiency and safety of regimens of empiric antibiotic therapy in neutropenic hematological maligence patients.Methods The clinical data of empiric antibiotic therapy for 260 febrile episodes in 125 neutropenic hematological maligence patients were analyzed retrospectively.Results A total of 45 febrile episodes were treated with tazocin plus amikacin(regimen TA).80 episodes were treated with ceftazidime plus amikacin(regimen CA),75 episodes with imipenem plus amikacin(regimen IA) and 60 episodes with maxipime plus amikacin(regimen MA).The medians of initial therapy in each regimen were 7~8 days.Percentage of satisfactory response had no significant difference in episodes treated with regimens TA,IA and MA(65%,70% and 79% respectively),and it was better than regimen CA(P

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-585911

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the clinical features of acute leukemia(AL) patients with complication of infection. METHODS A retrospective analysis of prevalence of infection occurring in 123 AL patients,their bacterial spectrum,and the effect of G-CSF on the infection were done. RESULTS The prevalence of infection in AL patients was 94.3%,among which 49.2% were infected with Gram-positive organisms,42.4% with Gram-negative bacilli and 8.4% with fungi.Blood culture occurred mostly with Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas infection.Patient′s neutropenia was significantly related to the infection.The patients with neutrophil count less than 0.2?10~9/L had more frequently suffered severe infection with long-lasting time,and had more than two sites of infection.Age,hemoglobin level,prophylactic intestinal usage of antibiotics could not reduce patient′s infection.The total mortality of AL patients with infection was 6%.Pulmonary infection and septicemia increased mortality,but G-CSF therapy reduced it. CONCLUSIONS AL patients are at high risk of infection which is significantly associated with severe neutropenia.G-CSF therapy exerts an assistant role to antibiotics in controlling the infection.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528357

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship of cell proliferation of acute leukemia stimulated by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor(G-CSF) and the expression of granulocyte colony stimulating factors receptor(G-CSFR).Methods Thirty cases of initial and refractory-relapse acute myeloid leukaemia(AML) patients,20 cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL) and 20 normal controls were involved in the study.The 5ml bone marrow was taken from each patient before chemotherapy and the marrow mononuclear cells(MNC) were cultured with 5,10,15,20 and 25 ng/ml G-CSF respectively.After 24h,the DNA diploid and the expressions of G-CSFR and CD34 were detected by flow cytometry(FCM).Results The DNA diploid of MNC from AML was increased with the elevated concentration of G-CSF after 24h,and that of the ALL and normal control did not change significantly.The expression rates of G-CSFR were(68.59?13.99)%,(1.90?0.93)% and(70.5?10.8)% in AML,ALL and the normal control respectively.The expression rates of CD34 were(45.15?4.22)%,(46.75?3.15)% and(3.15?0.22)% in AML,ALL and normal control respectively.The expression of G-CSFR in AML was significantly different from that of ALL(P0.05).The expression of G-CSFR in ALL was significantly different from that of the normal control(P

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