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1.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 8-12, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994944

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the etiological diagnostic value of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) in peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis.Methods:The study was a retrospective cohort study. The clinical data of patients with PD-related peritonitis who were treated and underwent microbial cultivation and mNGS test at the same time from June 2020 to July 2021 in the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University were analyzed. The positive rate, detection time and consistency between mNGS test and traditional microbial culture were compared.Results:A total of 18 patients with age of (50.4±15.4) years old and median dialysis time of 34.0 (12.4, 62.0) months were enrolled in the study, including 11 males and 7 females. Pathogenic microorganisms were isolated in 17 patients by mNGS test, with a positive rate of 17/18, which was higher than 13/18 of microbial culture, but the difference was not statistically significant ( P=0.219). Both mNGS test and microbial culture isolated positive pathogenic bacteria in 12 patients, and mNGS test isolated the same types of pathogenic bacteria as microbial cultivation did in 11 patients. In five patients with negative microbial culture, mNGS test also isolated pathogenic microorganisms, including 3 cases of Staphylococcus epidermidis, 1 case of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and 1 case of Ureaplasma urealyticum. In 1 patient, microbial culture isolated pathogenic bacteria ( Escherichia coli) whereas mNGS test did not. The detection time of mNGS was 25.0 (24.0, 27.0) h, which was significantly shorter than 89.0 (72.8, 122.0) h of microbial culture ( Z=3.726, P<0.001). Conclusions:mNGS test can improve the detection rate of pathogenic microorganisms in PD-related peritonitis and greatly shorten the detection time, and has good consistency with microbial culture. mNGS may provide a new approach for pathogen identification of PD-related peritonitis, especially refractory peritonitis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 333-340, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885501

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the prognostic value of modified Charlson comorbidity index (mCCI) combined with serum albumin for long-term prognosis in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients.Methods:From January 1, 2007 to June 30, 2015, patients who started PD in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. Clinical data including gender, age, underlying diseases, laboratory examination and prognosis were collected. The mCCI at the beginning of PD was calculated. Whether the duration of PD exceeded 5 years was used as an indicator to evaluate the prognosis. The patients were divided into≥5 years group and<5 years group according to the duration of PD, and the data were compared between the two groups. Cox regression model was constructed to analyze the influencing factors of all-cause death in PD patients. Multivariate logistic regression model and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to analyze the predictive value of mCCI and serum albumin levels on whether patients could maintain long-term PD.Results:Of the 183 patients included [males 106(57.9%), females 77(42.1%); (53.35±16.50) years old; 162 cases (88.5%) with hypertension, 55 cases (30.1%) with diabetes], 97 cases had PD duration for ≥5 years and 86 cases less than 5 years. The overall 5-year technical survival rate was 65.1%. At the beginning of PD, compared with the dialysis age≥5 years group, the patients in the dialysis age less than 5 years group had older age, higher mCCI, lower serum albumin level, and higher C-reactive protein (CRP) level (all P<0.05), but there were no significant differences in gender, education level, electrolyte, mean arterial pressure, high densitv lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and PD adequacy index between the two groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that increased age ( OR=1.022, 95% CI 1.000-1.043, P=0.046), increased mCCI ( OR=1.620, 95% CI 1.300-2.018, P<0.001) and decreased serum albumin ( OR=0.807, 95% CI 0.730-0.893, P<0.001) were independent predictors for the duration of PD<5 years. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under ROC curves ( AUC) of mCCI, serum albumin level and combined prediction probability of the two for the duration of PD<5 years were 0.647(95% CI 0.568-0.727), 0.655(95% CI 0.577-0.734), and 0.767(95% CI 0.700-0.835), respectively, indicating that the accuracy of combined parameters to predict survival outcome was higher than that of any single parameter. Multivariate Cox analysis showed that increased age ( HR=1.073, 95% CI 1.046-1.100, P<0.001), increased mCCI ( HR=1.198, 95% CI 1.044-1.375, P=0.010) and decreased serum albumin ( HR=0.904, 95% CI 0.843-0.969, P=0.004) were independent influencing factors for all-cause death in PD patients. Conclusions:Old age, high mCCI and low serum albumin level are influencing factors for dialysis age<5 years and all-cause death in PD patients. mCCI combined with serum albumin level can improve the accuracy of predicting the long-term dialysis in PD patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 463-468, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856355

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of intravenous injection of tranexamic acid (TXA) combined with local use of TXA cocktail in intertrochanteric fracture fixation with proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA). Methods: Patients with intertrochanteric fractures who underwent close reduction and internal fixation with PFNA between February 2018 and March 2019 were enrolled in the study. Among them, 45 patients who met the selection criteria were included in the study and randomly allocated into 3 groups ( n=15). The patients in group A were not received TXA during perioperative period. The patients were intravenously injected of 1.0 g TXA before operation in group B and combined with local use of TXA cocktail during operation in group C. There was no significant difference in the age, gender, body mass index, fracture classification, disease duration, and complications between groups ( P>0.05). The perioperative blood loss and blood transfusion rate, the visual analogue scale (VAS) score before operation and at 12, 24, and 48 hours after operation, the levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and bradykinin (BK) before operation and at 1 and 3 days after operation, postoperative complications, and the maximum amplitude (MA) of thromboelastogram were recorded and compared between groups. Results: The total blood loss, hidden blood loss, and visible blood loss were significantly lower in groups B and C than those in group A ( P0.05). The postoperative VAS scores and the levels of PGE2 and BK were significantly lower in group C than in groups A and B ( P0.05). The incidences of postoperative complications were 33.33% (5/15), 20.00% (3/15), and 13.33% (2/15) in groups A, B, and C, respectively, with no significant difference between groups ( χ2=1.721, P=0.550). Conclusion: For intertrochanteric fractures, application of intravenous injection of TXA combined with local use of TXA cocktail in PFNA fixation can reduce perioperative blood loss, relieve pain after operation, and do not increase the risk of complications.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 499-505, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755673

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of 1α, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1α,25-(OH)2 D3] on tumor necrosis factor-α ( TNF-α) induced activation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells ( HUVECs ) . The mechanism involved in this process was also studied. Methods HUVECs were cultured and treated with TNF-α( 40 ng/ml), 1α,25-(OH)2D3(10-8 mol/L), and SN50 as indicated. Vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM) and E-selectin were used as markers of endothelial activation, which were detected by Western blotting and realtime PCR (RT-PCR). NF-κB signaling pathway was investigated to study the mechanism. Western blotting, RT-PCR, immunofluorescence assay, and chromatin immunoprecipitation ( ChIP ) method were used to evaluate the effects of 1α,25-( OH) 2 D3 on its early activation, nuclear transport, and binding to VCAM and E-selectin promoters. Results (1) Western blotting and RT-PCR showed that TNF-α could significantly up-regulate the expression of VCAM and E-selectin in HUVECs, which can be inhibited by specific NF-κB blocker SN50. 1α,25-( OH) 2 D3 down-regulated the expression of VCAM and E-selectin induced by TNF-α. ( 2 ) Western blotting showed that TNF-α induces I-κBαphosphorylation, thereby activating NF-κB p65 subunit. Immunofluorescence showed that 1α, 25-( OH ) 2 D3 significantly inhibited the nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65 subunit. ChIP analysis revealed that 1α,25-( OH) 2 D3 inhibited the binding of NF-κB p65 to VCAM and E-selectin promoters and thus affected gene expression. Conclusions TNF-αenhanced the expression of E-selectin and VCAM in HUVECs via NF-κB signaling pathway. 1α,25-( OH) 2 D3 may inhibit NF-κB early activation, nuclear transport and the binding of NF-κB p65 to VCAM and E-selectin promoters, thereby inhibiting TNF-α-induced endothelial cell activation.

5.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 731-735, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797199

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the value of combination of A2DS2 score, procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) predicting stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP) in patients with acute ischemic stroke.@*Methods@#Patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to the Department of Neurology, Suqian People's Hospital of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Group from March 2015 to March 2019 were enrolled retrospectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent correlation of A2DS2 scores as well as PCT and CRP levels with SAP. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to assess the individual and combined predictive values of A2DS2 scores, PCT and CRP levels for SAP.@*Results@#A total of 332 patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled, and 58 of them developed SAP (17.5%). After adjusting for age, smoking, and hyperlipidemia, the A2DS2 score (odds ratio [OR] 1.613, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.092-2.389), PCT (OR 8.047, 95% CI 3.012-16.138) and CRP (OR 1.409, 95% CI 1.064-2.672) were the independent predictors of SAP occurrence. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of A2DS2 score, PCT and CRP alone, and the combination of the three for predicting SAP were 0.811, 0.825, 0.804 and 0.910, respectively. When the three are jointly used to predict SAP, the area under the curve is significantly higher than the individual prediction (all P<0.001).@*Conclusions@#The combination of A2DS2 score, PCT and CRP can improve the ability to predict SAP.

6.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1207-1212, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773466

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effects of cetrorelix and ganirelix in gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist (GnRH-ant) cycles for preventing premature luteinizing hormone (LH) surges and on clinical outcomes of IVF-ET cycles.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed 2572 GnRH-ant cycles of fertilization and embryo transfer from January, 2013 to December, 2016, including 1368 cycles with cetrorelix treatment and 1204 cycles with ganirelix treatment. The baseline characteristics of the patients and the clinical outcomes of the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those receiving ganirelix treatment, the patients with cetrorelix treatment had a significantly younger age (33.10 33.89 years, 0.05). The two groups also had comparable percentages of patients with LH > 10 U/L on the day of hCG triggering (3.7% 3.2%) and similar spontaneous ovulation rate (0.6% 0.5%), clinical pregnancy rate (47.7% 45.9%) and live birth rate (37.5% 33.6%) following fresh embryo transfer ( > 0.05). The incidence of moderate to severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, however, was significantly higher in ganirelix group than in cetrorelix group (0.7% 0.1%, =0.006).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Cetrorelix and ganirelix can achieve comparable effects for preventing premature LH surges and can achieve similar clinical outcomes of GnRH-ant cycles, but ganirelix is associated with a significantly higher incidence of moderate to severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.

7.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 731-735, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823473

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of combination of A2DS2 score,procalcitonin(PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) predicting stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP) in patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods Patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to the Department of Neurology,Suqian People's Hospital of Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Group from March 2015 to March 2019 were enrolled retrospectively.Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent correlation of A2DS2 scores as well as PCT and CRP levels with SAP.Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to assess the individual and combined predictive values of A2DS2 scores,PCT and CRP levels for SAP.Results A total of 332 patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled,and 58 of them developed SAP (17.5%).After adjusting for age,smoking,and hyperlipidemia,the A2DS2 score (odds ratio [OR] 1.613,95% confidence interval [CI] 1.092-2.389),PCT (OR 8.047,95% CI 3.012-16.138) and CRP (OR 1.409,95% CI 1.064-2.672) were the independent predictors of SAP occurrence.ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of A2DS2 score,PCT and CRP alone,and the combination of the three for predicting SAP were 0.811,0.825,0.804 and 0.910,respectively.When the three are jointly used to predict SAP,the area under the curve is significantly higher than the individual prediction (all P < 0.001).Conclusions The combination of A2DS2 score,PCT and CRP can improve the ability to predict SAP.

8.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 432-438, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711126

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the potential mechanisms of low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLr) in high glucose peritoneal dialysis solution (PDS)-induced peritoneal fibrosis.Methods Human peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMCs) were applied.In pre-experiment,human PMCs were cultured with 1.5% PDS,2.5% PDS and 4.25% PDS for 6 h,12 h and 24 h.4.25% mannitol was used as high osmotic pressure control.In formal experiment,PMCs were divided into the control group (treated with phosphate buffer saline) and the high glucose PDS group (treated with 4.25% PDS for 24 h).Morphological change of PMCs was observed by inverted microscope.The mRNA and protein expressions of extracellular matrix proteins such as α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA),fibroblast specific protein-1 (FSP-1) and collagen Ⅰ in PMCs were respectively measured by real-time PCR and Western blotting.The lipid accumulation was observed by oil red O staining and filipin staining,and the content of intracellular cholesterol ester was detected by high-performance liquid chromatography.The co-expression of the sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) cleavage-activating protein (SCAP) with golgin was observed with immunofluorescent staining.The mRNA and protein expressions of LDLr,SREBP-2 and SCAP were respectively detected by real-time PCR and Western blotting.The mRNA and protein expressions of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR),eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (4EBP1),and p70 S6 kinase (S6K1) were respectively detected by real-time PCR and Western blotting.Results (1) Compared with the 1.50% PDS stimulation,4.25% PDS for 24 h intervention significantly increased the expression of LDLr in PMCs (P < 0.05),and high osmotic pressure control at 6 h,12 h and 24 h had no statistical difference (P > 0.05).(2) Compared with those in the control group,in high glucose PDS group PMCs showed notable elongation consistent with the morphology of myofibroblasts,the expressions of α-SMA,FSP-1 and collagen Ⅰ were increased (all P < 0.05),and the intracellular cholesterol were enhanced (P < 0.05).Meanwhile,the co-expression of SCAP with golgin was enhanced,and the mRNA and protein expressions of LDLr,SREBP-2 and SCAP were up-regulated in high glucose PDS group (all P < 0.05).Further,the mRNA and protein phosphorylation of mTOR,4EBP1 and S6K1 were increased (all P < 0.05).Conclusions The disruption of LDLr feedback regulation is involved in high glucose PDS-mediated cholesterol accumulation in PMCs by mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) pathway,which promotes the accumulation of extracellular matrix and peritoneal fibrosis.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1483-1487, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704827

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To identify lipid metabolites of endophytic fungus Aspergillus terreus from Polygonum capitatum, and to investigate their anti-multidrug resistant bacteria and anti-inflammatory effects. METHODS:GC-MS was used to analyze and identify lipid metabolites of A. terreus. MIC of lipid metabolites and main composition to 10 strains of multidrug resistant bacteria (Klebsiella pneumoniae,Proteus common,Staphylococcus epidermidis,Escherichia coli,Staphylococcus aureus,Enterobacter cloacae,Pseudomonas aeruginosa,Proteus mirabilis,Enterococcus faecium and Acinetobacter baumanii) were determined by 96-well plate microdilution method. The spread plate method was used to determine MBC of samples to bacteria. LPS-induced RAW264.7 inflammatory model was used to investigate the effects of different mass concentrations(50,100,200 μg/mL)of lipid metabolites on the release of NO and TNF-α after treated for 24 h. RESULTS:A total of 13 compounds were identified in lipid metabolites of A. terreus,among which palmitic acid,stearic acid,linoleic acid and oleic acid were main components,and relative percentages of them were 29.35%,10.87%,21.94%,34.85%. The lipid metabolites displayed anti-bacterial activity against E. coli and K. pneumonia with MICs of 12.5 mg/mL and 50 mg/mL,MBC of 25 mg/mL and 100 mg/mL,respectively. The main 4 compositions could inhibit the growth of E. coli,with MIC of 0.5-1 mg/mL,among which palmitic acid showed significant antibacterial activity,especially to E. faecium(MIC of 0.25 mg/mL). 50,100 μg/mL lipid metabolites could signifiantly inhibit the release of inflammatory factor of NO and TNF-α in RAW264.7 in vitro. CONCLUSIONS:The lipid metabolites of endophytic fungus A. terreus from P. capitatum show anti- multi-drug resistant bacteria and anti-inflammatory effects.

10.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 44-48, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444663

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the predictive factors of short-term poor outcome in patients with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST).Methods The clinical data of 42 consecutive inpatients with CVST were analyzed retrospectively.The clinical outcomes were assessed with the modified Rankin scale (mRS) at discharge.The patients were divided into either a good outcome group (mRS 0 to 2) or a poor outcome group (mRS 3 to 6).The related factors,such as demographic,etiology,and clinical features were compared between the two groups,Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent predictive factors for short-term poor outcome in patients with CVST.Results A total of 42 patients with CVST were enrolled,29 of them (69.05%) had good outcome and 13 (30.95%) had poor outcome.The proportions of central nervous system infections (20.69% vs.61.54% ; x2 =6.740,P =0.009),cancer (6.90% vs.38.46% ;x2 =6.439,P =0.011),pregnancy,postpartum,oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy (6.90% vs.38.46% ; x2 =6.439,P =0.011),and high homocysteine hyperlipidemia (27.59% vs.76.92% ;x2 =8.922,P =0.003),as well as the baseline D-dimer levels (730 ± 240 ng/ml vs.1 060 ± 250 ng/ml; t =4.485,P =0.000) in patients of the good outcome group were significantly lower than those of the poor outcome group.There was significant difference in treatment modalities (x2 =11.274,P =0.004) with the poor outcome group.The proportions of patients in anticoagulants,thrombolysis and anticoagulants + thrombolysis were 13.79%,24.14%,and 62.07%,respectively,in the good outcome group,while those were 61.54%,23.08%,and 15.39%,respectively,in the poor outcome group.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the baseline D-dimer level >990 ng/mL was an independent predictive factor for short-term poor outcome in patients with CVST (odds ratio [OR] 1.006,95% confidence interval [CI] 1.002-1.011; P=0.005).Anticoagulants + thrombolytic therapy was an independent protective factor for short-term poor outcome in patients with CVST (OR 0.027,95% CI 0.002-0.447; P=0.033).The ROC curve analysis showed that when the cutoff value of the baseline D-dimer was 990 ng/ml,the sensitivity and specificity of predicting short-term poor outcome of CVST were 76.9% and 86.2% respectively.Conclusions The level of baseline D-dimer >990 ng/ml is an independent predictive factor for short-term poor outcomes in patients with CVST.The effect of anticoagulants in combination with thrombolytic therapy is best in patients with CVST.

11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1346-1349, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386245

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical therapeutic value of CRRT on severe sepsis coincidence with capillary leak syndrome in surgical patients. Methods 38 patients suffering from severe sepsis coincidence with capillary leak syndrome were random divided into routine group ( n = 18 ) and CRRT group ( n =20). Both groups were given routine treatment, while the patients of CRRT group were given CRRT in addition. Red blood cell count (RBC), haematoglobin level, blood platelets count, leukocyte count, hematocrit (HCT), plasma-albumin level, central venous pressure ( CVP), arterial blood pressure ( ABP), urinary production change of every hour, oxygenation index condition ( PO2\FiO2 ) were measured at 0, 12, 24, 48,72 hour following routine treatment or CRRT. Additionally, serum levels of tumor necrosis factor- a (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-8(IL-8) were determined at the same time. Results Blood platelets count, HCT, plasma-albumin level in CRRT group were significantly higher than those of routine group [72 h: (211. 75 ± 45. 23 ) × 109 vs ( 135.67 ± 41.45 ) × 109 ;0. 43 ± 0. 05 vs 0. 35 ±0. 04; (48. 60 ±4. 76) g/L vs (41.17 ±4. 64) g/L, P <0. 01 ]. WBC were significantly lower than those of routine group[72 h:(7.58 ±2.31) ×109 vs (13.77 ±2.67) × 109, P <0.01]. Change of ABP, PO2\FiO2, urinary production for every hour was notably increased than those of routine group [72 h: (94. 25 ±8.60) mmHg vs ( 84. 22 ± 7. 37 ) mmHg; 345. 25 ± 35. 21 vs 304. 22 ± 38. 74; ( 80. 15 ± 14. 54 ) ml vs (62. 72 ± 12. 33) ml, P <0. 01 ]. The serum levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8 of CRRT group were markedly decreased compared with those of routine group(72 h:249. 55 ±99. 60 vs 368. 83 ±97. 11 ;600. 75 ±98. 31 vs 718. 94 ± 92. 00 ;665. 35 ±138. 44 vs 843. 22 ±123. 95 , P <0. 01,P <0.05). Conclusions CRRT can significantly improve patient's condition, which may be an effective nechanism to treat the surgical patients with severe sepsis coincidence with capillary leak syndrome.

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