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Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 86-87, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734100


Esophagopulmonary fistula is a rare disease in clinic, most esophagopulmonary fistula is diagnosed and treated because of typical cough symptoms after eating or drinking. This case reported no typical symptoms of choking and coughing in eating or drinking water, patients with intermittent hemoptysis for nearly 30 years were diagnosed with bronchiectasis, Because of massive hemoptysis for emergency operation, the esophagus and the left lower lung were found to have abnormal muscular conduits during the operation, so diagnosis of esophagopulmonary fistula.

Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 334-338, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776344


BACKGROUND@#Mediastinal infection is a serious infection of mediastinal connective tissue, with more complications and higher mortality. Application of broad-spectrum antibiotics and nutritional support, early sufficient drainage is the key to successful treatment. In the mode of drainage, this paper discusses the application of continuous negative pressure drainage technique to treat acute anterior mediastinal infection of severe mouth pharynx source, and the good results are summarized and shared.@*METHODS@#In January to December in 2017, a total of 17 cases treated acute mediastinal infection is derived from the throat, has formed a mediastinal abscess, surgery adopts retrosternal counterpart negative pressure drainage way, namely the sternum nest and free sternum xiphoid process under the incision on the first mediastinal clearance, make breakthrough and placed drainage device, suture closed wound, continuous negative pressure drainage, negative pressure using 3 cm-5 cm water column.@*RESULTS@#Among the 17 patients, 14 patients were relieved by continuous negative pressure drainage, and then the drainage tube was removed. In 2 cases, the infection broke into the right thoracic cavity, and the closed drainage caused the negative pressure to disappear, and the negative pressure drainage was replaced by the conventional drainage, and the drainage tube was removed after the drainage tube was clear. One patient had formed a mediastinal abscess incision drainage time later, complicated with septic shock and sepsis, resulting in the death of multiple organ failure.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The traditional treatment of severe acute mediastinal infection is sternal incision and drainage. Continuous negative pressure drainage adequate drainage of mediastinal can relieve patients' pain, effusion, and avoid the dressing out repeatedly. It is an effective method. However, there are limitations in this method, which need to be further optimized.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Drainage , Methods , Mediastinal Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Mediastinum , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Pharyngeal Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 1-6, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618573


Objective To explore the clinical values of the modified thoracic drainage devices that were applied in treatment of primary spontaneous pneumothorax patients who underwent single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Methods Clinical data of 82 primary spontaneous pneumothorax patients who underwent single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic lung wedge resection and pleurodesis from January 1st, 2015 to August 31st, 2016 was analyzed retrospectively. These patients, according to the thoracic drainage devices, were divided into traditional group (Group A, n = 42) or modified group (Group B, n = 40). These statistical data, including duration of thoracic drainage, lengths of hospital stay, duration of using antibiotic, amounts of pleural drainage, scales of pain, and complications of the two groups of patients in postoperative stage, were compared. Results There was no significant differences (P > 0.05) in volumes of thoracic drainage while there were significant differences (P < 0.05) in duration of thoracic drainage, lengths of hospital stay, duration of using antibiotic, scales of pain, and complications in postoperative stage between the two groups. And patients in group B had shorter time of thoracic drainage, hospital stay, and using antibiotic, lower scales of pain and rates of complications when compared with group A. Conclusion There are some clinical values of application of modified thoracic drainage devices in treatment of primary spontaneous pneumothorax underwent single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, because of it could give the patients fast recovery and made the operations simpler.

China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 16-19, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621287


Objective To explore the status of lymph node dissection under thoracoscopic surgery and open surgery in patients with thoracic esophageal carcinoma. Methods 16 cases of thoracic esophageal cancer received thoracoscopic surgery from August 2012 to June 2015 as minimally invasive group (group M), 17 cases of thoracic esophageal cancer with the same pathological staging received traditional open surgery during the same period as control group (group C), the number of lymph nodes and the positive rate of lymph node metastasis were compared. Results In group M, the total number of 228 lymph nodes, mean (14.27 ± 5.61) pieces, the positive rate was 12.50%; while in group C, the total number of 241 lymph nodes, mean (16.20 ± 6.24) pieces, the positive rate was 11.76%. Two different pathological staging in patients with lymph nodes dissection has no significant difference ( >0.05). In group M, 7 cases with lymph node metastasis, 45 metastatic lymph nodes, metastasis rate was 43.75 %, 19.74 % degree of metastasis; while in group C, 8 cases with lymph node metastasis, 55 metastatic lymph nodes, metastasis rate was 47.06%, transfer degree was 22.82%.Conclusions Minimally invasive surgery can achieve the same effect with the traditional open chest surgery, in treatment of thoracic esophageal cancer with high operability.

Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 643-646, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447441


Objective: To summarize the methods of preventing and managing the complications in thoracoscopic lobectomy. Methods:The participants of this study included 317 patients undergoing lobectomy with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the Department of Thoracic Surgery between January 2007 and December 2012. Intra-operative complications were observed, and countermeasures were summarized. Results: Complications occurred 28 times (8.8%), including bleeding in 16 cases because of accidental vascular injury (5.0%), accidental injury/break of bronchus in two cases (0.6%), vascular stump errhysis from cutting stapler in four cases (1.3%), lung stump air leakage in three cases (0.9%), lung injury in two cases (0.6%), and diaphragmatic injury in one case (0.3%). Conversion to thoracotomy was conducted in 17 cases, with a conversion rate of 5.4%. Thoracoscopic repair operation was performed in 14 cases that exhibited bleeding, with a success rate of 70% (14/20). No mortality was reported during the operation. Conclusion:Thoracoscopic lobectomy is a highly difficult method in thoracic surgeries. The procedure requires substantial attention on the timely prevention and correct management of intra-operative complications, particularly the injury and bleeding of major vessels, to reduce the rate of conversion to thoracotomy and the incidence of post-operative complications, as well as to promote the surgery in clinics.

Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 260-263, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444291


Objective To investigate the feasibility and superiority of local anaesthesia video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (LA-VATS) in diagnosis and treatment of open thoracic trauma (OTT).Methods Seventy-eight patients with OTT emergently admitted from February 2007 and June 2012 were randomized into LA-VATS group (n =37) and conventional treatment group (n =41) by the toss of a coin.In the LA-VATS group,further treatment was determined following LA-VATS.Volume of chest tube drainage,duration of chest tube placement,average length of hospital stay,and postoperative complications were measured and compared between groups.Results In the LA-VATS group,23 patients completed LA-VATS and 14 were transferred for simple VATS-assisted mini-thoracotomy under general anesthesia.In the conventional treatment group,24 cases completed debridement and chest drainage and 17 cases were transferred for thoracotomy under general anesthesia.Volume of chest tube drainage [(195.0 ± 150.8) ml/d∶ (480.0 ±212.3)ml/d] (t =-2.675,P <0.05),duration of chest tube placement [(2.6 ± 1.4) d∶ (3.8 ± 1.9) d] (t =-2.318,P < 0.05),average length of hospital stay [(6.4 ±2.3) d ∶ (10.9 ± 3.3) d] (t =-2.471,P < 0.05),and incidence rate of postoperative complications (10.8% ∶22.0%) (x2 =4.132,P <0.05) were all significantly different between LA-VATS and conventional treatment groups.Conclusion LA-VATS is safe and feasible for diagnostic exploration and simple treatment of OTT.