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China Pharmacist ; (12): 706-708,709, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603819


Objective:To discuss the effect of pharmacist intervention on the use of antimicrobial agents in the clinical pathway of community-acquired pneumonia ( CAP) in our hospital to standardize the rational medication and promote the rational use of antimicro-bial agents. Methods:Totally 100 bacterial CAP patients in 2013 ( before the intervention) and 2014 ( after the intervention) in the pneumology department were studied. The antibacterial drug cost, total hospitalization cost, use intensity of antimicrobial drugs, hospi-talization time, therapeutic effects and so on in the two groups were observed during the treatment. Results: There were significant differences between the two groups in antibacterial drug cost, total hospitalization cost, use intensity of antimicrobial drugs, hospitaliza-tion time and so on, whereas there was no significant difference in the curative effect. Conclusion:After the pharmacist intervention, the application of antibiotics is more rational, the antibiotics use density and per capita cost are reduced, the hospitalization day is shortened and the value of pharmacists is also improved.

China Pharmacy ; (12)1991.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-520477


OBJECTIVE:To prepare anhydrous iodine-containing or iodine-free hand-cleaning agents for use at field or water-deficient area.METHODS:An adhesive paste was made with PVA as vehicle and PVP-I as disinfector.Iodine value was taken as parameter of quality control.The adhesive-eliminating test was carried out on Escherichia coli and HBV elimi?nating and skin irritation tests were performed in rabbits.RESULTS:This preparation could eliminate bacteria by its adhesive action and had considerable disinfective action because of the ingredient iodine,however it could not eliminate HBV.No irrita?tion to skin was found.CONCLUSION:The preparation can effectively remove the dust,bacteria and viruses from the hands and is suitable for cleaning hands in conditions of wartime,training and water-deficient area.