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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 603-606,627, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602720

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the response rate and prognostic factors for patients with locally recurrent rectal cancer treated with hypofractionated chemoradiotherapy without reresection.Methods Totally 52 patients with locally recurrent rectal cancer received hypofractionated irradiation and concurrent chemotherapy from January 2006 to January 2013 were enrolled.All patients received intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT).The median dose was 63.4 Gy (61.6-64.4 Gy) at 2.2-2.3 Gy/f,5 f/week.Thirteen patients underwent prophylactic irradiation at lymph nodes region,the total dose of 45-50.4 Gy with conventional fraction and a simultaneous integrated boost was used.All patients received concurrent chemotherapy,capecitabine at 1 650 mg·m-2 ·d-1,divided into 2 times,5 d/week.The variables were compared by the chi-square test or Fisher's exact test.Local control (LC) and overall survival (OS) were calculated with using the Kaplan-Meier method.Results For all patients,the clinical complete response (CR),partial response (PR),stable disease (SD) and progressive disease (PD) was 23.1%,38.5%,32.7% and 5.8%,respectively.The response rate (CR + PR) for patients with previous irradiation to pelvis and without were 37.1% and 71.1%,respectively (x2 =5.40,P < 0.05);for patients with 1 and 2 or more recurrent subsites were 81.8% and 46.7%,respectively (x2 =6.63,P < 0.05).Acute grade 3 skin and hematologic toxicities occurred in 19 patients (36.5%) and 1 patient (1.9%),respectively.None occurred grade 4 toxicity and none occurred grade 3 or more gastrointestinal and urologic toxicities.Four patients showed severe late toxicity of anastomotic stricture and performed a stoma at transverse colon.No other severe late toxicities were observed.The LC at 5 years was 49.1% and the OS was 23.1%.Conclusions For patients with locally recurrent rectal cancer,hypofractionated chemoradiotherapy without resection is an acceptable and effective regimen,the response rate and long-term outcomes are promising.

2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 736-739, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489549

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare acute toxicity for stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ patients with rectal cancer irradiated with helical tomotherapy (HT) and conventional five-field intensity-modulated radiotherapy (5-IMRT).Methods The data of 84 stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ patients with rectal adenocarcinoma treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) were retrospectively analyzed.19 patients underwent postoperative CRT,and 65 patients underwent preoperative CRT.43 patients received radiotherapy with HT and 41 patients with 5-IMRT.The delineation on clinical target volume (CTV) and gross tumor target (GTV) was similar for two groups.The CTV to plan tumor volume (PTV) margins were 1.0 cm for patients with 5-1MRT and 0.5 cm for patients with HT.For all patients,a dose of 45.0-50.4 Gy,in daily fractions of 1.8 Gy,was delivered to PTV.For 45 patients with high risk factors,simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) was given to the tumor or tumor bed of a total dose of 55.0-60.0 Gy,in daily fractions of 2.1-2.3 Gy.Before treatment,the patients treated with HT underwent scanning by the tomotherapy-integrated megavoltage computed tomography (MVCT) scan modality and were positioned by co-registration of these images to the original kilovoltage planning CT image set.Concurrent capecitabine every day 1 600 mg/m2,twice daily on every day in the week.Results The rates of grade ≥ 2 acute cystitis were 7.0 % (3 cases) in HT group and 2.4 % (1 case) in 5-IMRT group (P =0.616),and ≥3 grade acute diarrhea were 4.7 % (2 cases) and 12.2 % (5 cases),respectively (P =0.259).≥2 grade leukopenia were 48.8 % (21 cases) and 19.5 % (8 cases),respectively (P =0.005),≥1 grade anemia were 34.9 % (15 cases) and 14.6 % (6 cases),respectively (P =0.032),and ≥1 grade thrombocytopenia were 23.3 % (10 cases) and 14.6 % (6 cases),respectively (P =0.314).Conclusions There is no significant difference in acute diarrhea and cystitis for patients treated with HT and 5-IMRT.Leukopenia and anemia in patients treated with HT are worse than those in patients with 5-IMRT,and thrombocytopenia is similar in the two groups.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 422-425, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457019

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility of dose verification of helical tomotherapy (HT) using the PTW Seven29 2D-ARRAY with Octavius phantom.Methods The 12 patients HT plan were verified with the PTW Seven29 2D-ARRAY combining Octavius phantom.The detector array was guided and registered by MVCT imaging,and measured dose distributions on the corresponding planes were compared with those calculated by the treatment planning system (TPS).Based on several different Gamma criteria,the Gamma analysis method was utilized to evaluate the dose verification.Results According to the different acceptance criteria combination of dose difference/distance to agreement at different threshold level including 3%/2 mm,3%/3 mm,3%/4 mm,3%/5 mm at TH5,TH10,TH20,TH30,the mean passing rates with γparameter ≤ 1 were all above 91.7% and 93.9% when PTW Seven29 2D-ARRAY was horizontal and vertical.The dose distribution measured by the 2D-ARRAY combining Octavius phantom was well consistent with that calculated by the TPS.Conclusions 2D-ARRAY with Octavius phantom can get satisfying results when used in HT plan dose verification and is a viable tool to replace traditional film dosimetry system in clinical quality assurance work.

4.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 43-45, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431625

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of Multidimensional fatigue symptom inventory-short form(MFSI-SF).Methods The reliability and validity of the Chinese version MFSI-SF were assessed in a sample of 203 cancer patients.Statistical software was used to perform the analysis.Results The results showed moderate correlation between items and the total scale,the content validity index was 0.82,and exploratory factor analysis indicated five dimensions of the scale,the cumulative variance contribution was 56.65%.Confirmatory factor analysis showed moderate model fitting:x2/df=l.73,GFI=0.83,AGFI=0.79,NNFI=0.94,RMSEA=0.06,criterion validity was 0.585,and the Cronbach α of the total scale was 0.896.Conclusions The results demonstrated good convergent validity,it is suitable to evaluate fatigue status in Chinese cancer patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 309-311, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434891

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility of dose verification of intensity modulated planning of helical tomotherapy (HT) using three-dimensional semiconductor array (Delta4) and find a more time-consuming and accurate method to validate the delivery dose.Methods Delta4 detector array was used to verify the HT plan dose distribution of 10 patients.The precise setup of detector array was guided and registered by MVCT imaging.After the implementation of delivery,the measured dose distributions on the corresponding planes were compared with those calculated by the treatment planning system (TPS).According to the different acceptance criteria combination of dose difference or distance to agreement at different threshold level including 3%/2 mm,3%/3 mm,3%/4 mm,3%/5 mm at TH5,TH10,TH20,TH30,TH70,TH90,the γ analysis method was utilized to evaluate the dose verification.Results The dose distribution measured by the Delta4 was well consistent with that calculated by the TPS.The mean γpassing rates were all above 94.89%.Conclusions Delta4 detector array can get satisfying results when used in HT plan dose verification and is a viable tool to replace traditional film dosimetry system in clinical quality assurance work.

6.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 509-513, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393787

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical value of multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) technique used in karyotype analysis of chorionic villi from missed abortion. Methods Feb 2008 to Oct 2008, 91 patients with missed abortion diagnosed by hormonal measurement, type B ultrasound and physical exam matched with 20 normal pregnant women undergoing artificial abortion were enrolled in this study. Chorionic villi was obtained by suction dilation and curettage in aseptic condition, then those villi was cultured and analyzed by traditional cytogenetic karyotyping method, in the mean time, the DNA extracted from villi was detected by MLPA. The results of chromosomal G-banding of chorionic villi were compared between two methods. Results The diagnostic concordance of MLPA and traditional karyotyping was observed in 92% (84/91) cases, there were 84 cases in the case group with diagnostic concordance by traditional karyotyping and MLPA except 7 cases of euploidy could not be detected by MLPA. The 84 cases included 40 normal karyotype,29 trisomy of euchromosome, 1 double trisomy of euchromosome, 10 monosomy X , 1 monosomy X combined with trisomy of euchromosome, 2 chimaera of X chromosome, 1 structural abnormity of euchromosome. Among 7 cases with discordance diagnosis, 2 cases with trisomy and 5 cases with tetrasomy of euchromosome were identified in traditional karyotyping, however, they were all diagnosed with normal disomy by MLPA. Of 20 villi from normal pregnancy, two methods got the consistent results. Conclusion The MLPA was rapid and efficacy method used for analyzing aneuploids in chorionic villi.

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