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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709687

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of hearing disorder factors on analgesic efficacy of propofol. Methods Ninety?five patients with hearing disorders, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, aged 18-60 yr, with body mass index of 20-30 kg∕m2, scheduled for elective ear surgery, served as test group(group T). Ninety?five patients with normal hearing function, of Ameri?can Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, aged 18-60 yr, with body mass index of 20-30 kg∕m2, scheduled for elective non?ear surgery, served as control group(group C). Propofol was given at the initial target plasma concentration of 1.2 μg∕ml. When the target plasma concentration was achieved, 1 min later the concentration was increased in increments of 0.3 μg∕ml. When the patients lost eyelash reflex and had no responses to clapping on the shoulder, bispectral index value and target plasma and effect?site concentrations of propofol, consumption of propofol and time for loss of consciousness were recorded. Re?sults Compared with group C, no significant change was found in bispectral index value at baseline or at loss of consciousness(P>0.05), the target plasma and effect?site concentrations and consumption of propofol were significantly decreased, and the time for loss of consciousness was shortened in group T(P<0.05). The consumption of propofol required at loss of consciousness was gradually reduced with the aggra?vated severity of hearing disorders in group T(P<0.05). Conclusion The analgesic efficacy of propofol is enhanced in the patients with hearing disorders.

2.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1425-1428, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709656

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of dexmedetomidine mixed with sufentanil for patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) in the patients undergoing transcatheter hepatic arterial chemoembolization (TACE).Methods One hundred and twenty patients of both sexes,aged 40-65 yr,weighing 45-80 kg,of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ-Ⅲ,scheduled for elective TACE under monitored anesthesia care,were divided into 2 groups (n =60 each) using a random number table:sufentanil group (S group) and dexmedetomidine mixed with sufentanil group (DS group).At 15 min prior to surgery,0.1 μg/kg sufentanil and 5 mg tropisetron were intravenously injected in both groups.In addition,dexmedetomidine 0.6 μg/kg was intravenously infused for 15 min in DS group,while the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in S group.PCIA solution contained sufentanil 2 μg/kg and tropisetron 5 mg in 100 ml of normal saline in S group.PCIA solution contained sufentanil 2 μg/kg,dexmedetomidine 2.μg/kg and tropisetron 5 ng in 100 ml of normal saline in DS group.The PCIA pump was programmed to deliver a 0.5 ml bolus dose with a lockout interval of 15 min and background infusion of 2 ml/h.Observer's Assessment of Alertness/Sedation Scale scores and scores for patient's satisfaction with analgesia were recorded at 30 min and 2,6,12,24 and 48 h after surgery.The pressing times of PCIA,total consumption of sufentanil and requirenent for morphine as rescue analgesics were recorded.The development of requirement for antiemetics,nausea and vomiting,bradycardia,respiratory depression and agitation was also recorded during analgesia.Results Compared with S group,the pressing times of PCIA,total consumption of sufentanil and requirement for morphine were significantly reduced,scores for satisfaction with analgesia were increased,and Observer's Assessment of Alertness/Sedation Scale scores were decreased (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in the incidence of nausea and vomiting,additional requirement for antiemetics,bradycardia,respiratory depression or agitation in DS group (P>0.05).Conclusion Dexmedetomidine mixed with sufentanil produces better efficacy than sufentanil alone when used for PCIA in the patients undergoing TACE.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477919

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the operative technique and effect of temporary balloon occlusion of the abdominal aorta for preventing intraoperative bleeding during cesarean for patients with pernicious placenta previa and placenta accreta. Methods Retrospective analysis was conducted on the intraoperative situation of forty-one cases and information of follow-up twenty-nine cases, which were pernicious placenta previa and placenta accreta and delivered in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from May 1, 2013 to June 30, 2014. Diagnosis was confirmed by line of color Doppler ultrasound and MRI for all patients before operations. An interventional physician performed right femoral artery puncture and preset the abdominal aortic balloon catheter in the digital subtraction angiography operation room before cesarean. At the same time of fetal delivery, 10 ml normal saline was injected into the balloon immediately, which results in filling of the balloon and blocking of the aorta. According to the area and depth of placenta implantation and implantation or penetration of the posterior bladder wall, placenta separation, partial resection of the uterine wall and partial bladder resection and repair were performed correspondingly. Meanwhile, saline in the balloon was pumped out gradually until empty. Condition of placenta implantation, blood loss and blood transfusion volume during the operation, intraoperative and postoperative complications, the duration and dose of fetal radiation exposure, and Apgar score of neonates were analyzed. Results Among the 41 cases, penetrative placenta and implanted placenta were observed in five cases and 36 cases, respectively. The latter 36 cases including 28 cases of bladder posterior wall accreta and eight cases of bladder posterior wall penetration. For all cases, the average operation time was (68.5±15.3) min, the mean blood loss in the operation was (1 058±960) ml, among which eight received blood transfusion with an average of (600±400) ml, and the mean hospital stay was (8.2±2.3) d. Uteruses were reserved in all cases. The mean duration and dose of fetal radiation exposure was (8.1±3.6) s and (5.2±2.9) mGy, and the Apgar score of neonates was 8.7±0.5 at 1 min and 9.5±0.3 at 5 min, respectively. The patients were followed up until October 31, 2014. Among them, six were lost, six were still in puerperium, 18 were breast-feeding, and the menses of 11 had returned. Conclusion Preset abdominal aortic balloon catheter in pernicious placenta previa and placenta accrete patients might effectively reduce the blood loss during cesarean section as well as the risk of hysterectomy through temporary occlusion of the abdominal aorta.

4.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1186-1188,1197, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600554

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of temporary balloon occlusion in multidisciplinary management of cesarean sec-tion for patients with pernicious placenta previa/accreta.Methods 42 patients with a diagnosis of placenta previa /accrete accepted the temporary aortic balloon occlusion in cesarean section in DSA hybrid operation room were retrospectively studied.Before cesare-an section,intravascular balloon catheter was placed in abdominal aortic.After delivery,the midpoint of filling state balloon was placed at the midpoint of the two renal arteries openings before placental dissection.The amount of blood loss and blood transfusion, operation time,the infants'radiation doses and postoperative complications were determined.Results All patients were successfully fulfilled cesarean section and conserved uteri.The amount of blood loss,blood transfusion,operation time,occlusion time and the infants’radiation doses were (586±355)mL,(422±283)mL,(75.5±1 1.9)min,(22.4±7.2)min and (4.2±2.9)mGy,respec-tively.During follow-up,complications were not found during operation and after operation.Conclusion In women with pernicious placenta previa/accreta,temporary aortic balloon occlusion can effectively control postpartum hemorrhage and reduce the risk of un-desirable hysterectomy.

5.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1107-1109, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-672236

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the reliability of Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale (APAIS) score in evaluating the preoperative anxiety of Chinese people.Methods One hundred sixty Chinese patients of both sexes, aged 18-60 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ-Ⅲ, scheduled for elective surgery, were enrolled.Preoperative anxiety of the patients was assessed with APAIS score and Spielberger's State-Anxiety Inventory (S-AI) questionnaire during the preoperative interview.Cronbach's alpha of total anxiety and need for information scores was calculated.Four thresholds of total anxiety score in identifying preoperative severe anxiety was set as 10, 11, 12 and 13.S-AI questionnaire was considered as the standard, and the correlation between total anxiety score and S-AI questionaire was tested.Results The Cronbach's alpha of total anxiety and need for information scores was 0.84 and 0.71, respectively.When the threshold of total anxiety score in identifying preoperative severe anxiety was 12, the total anxiety score was highly correlated with S-AI questionnaire, the Kappa value was 0.62, 95% confidence interval was 0.46-0.78, the sensitivity was 0.71, the specificity was 0.90, and the positive predictive value was 0.78.Conclusion APAIS score can be used to assess the preoperative anxiety of Chinese people.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431108

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare HC video-laryngoscope with Macintosh laryngoscope for tracheal intubation.Methods Sixty ASA Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients of both sexes,aged 18-64 yr,with body mass index 19-27 kg/m2,Mallampati grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ,undergoing elective surgery,were randomly divided into 2 groups (n =30 each):HC video-laryngoscope group (group H) and Macintosh laryngoscope (group M).After induction of anesthesia,the patients underwent orotracheal intubation assisted by HC video-laryngoscope in group H,and by Macintosh laryngoscope in group M.The glottic exposure time,intubation time,Cormack-Lehane grade,the number of pressing the cricoid and intubation-related complications were recorded.Results The rate of satisfactory glottic exposure was significantly higher and the number of pressing the cricoid was smaller in group H than in group M (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in the glottic exposure time,intubation time and incidence of intubation-related complications between the two groups (P > 0.05).Conclusion The efficacy of tracheal intubation guided by HC video-laryngoscope is better than that guided by Macintosh laryngoscope.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425397

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of CYP3A4* 1G genetic polymorphism on fentanyl pharmadynamics after intravenous injection in healthy female velunteers,Methods Twenty-eight healthy female volunteers aged 18-25 yr weighing 45-70 kg were enrolled in this study.The CYP3A4 * 1G genetic polymorphic sites were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP).The volunteers were assigned into 3 groups according to their genotypes:group Ⅰ wild homozygote ; group Ⅱ mutation heterozygote and group Ⅲ mutation homozygote.Fentanyl 5 μg/kg was injected iv over 1 min.Pain threshold was measured using electrical stimulation before and at 45,150 and 240 min after fentanyl injection.Results Pain threshold was significantly higher at 45 and 150 min after iv fentanyl injection in mutation homozygote group than in mutation heterozygote group and wild homozygote group.There was no significant difference in pain threshold between mutation heterozygote group and wild homozygote group.Conclusion CYP3A4* 1G genetic mutation can enhance the analgesic efficacy of fentanyl after intravenous injection in healthy female volunteers.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-394630

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the ED50 of remifentanil needed for tracheal intubation without neuromuscular relaxant in children when combined with sevoflurane inhalation.Methods Twenty-five ASA Ⅰ or Ⅱ children of both sexes,aged 4-9 yr,scheduled for elective surgery under general anesthesia were enrolled in this study.Anesthesia was induced with inhalation of 5% sevoflurane in 100% oxygen and PETCOM2was maintained at 30-35 mm Hg.Remifentanil was injected intravenously over 30 s after 3 min inhalation of sevoflurane.Tracheal intubation was performed 90 s after the completion of remifentanil injection.The experiment was performed using the modified Dixon's up-and-down method.The initial dose of remifentanil was set at 1.2 μg/kg and the ratio between two successive doses was 1.2.Intubation conditions were assessed by a blinded observer using Viby-Mogensen scale.If the conditions were not good,roenronium 0.3 mg/kg was then injected intravenously to facilitate intubation.The ED50 of remifentanil and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were calculated.Results The ED50 of remifentanil combined with inhalation of scvoflurane required for successful intubation was 0.68 μg/kg in the absence of neuromuscular relaxant,and 95% CI was 0.65-0.71 μg/kg.Conclusion The ED50 of remifentanil required for tracheal intubatiun without neuromuscular relaxant drug is 0.68 μg/kg (95% CI 0.65-0.71 μg/kg) when combined with 5% sevoflurane inhalation in children.

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