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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905315

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the adhesion, growth and differentiation of rat neural stem cells (NSCs) on spinal cord acellular scaffold (SCAS) to evaluate its feasibility for spinal cord tissue engineering. Methods:NSCs derived from neonatal Sprague-Dawley rat cerebral cortex were cultured and identified. SCAS were prepared from female Sprague-Dawley rat spinal cord tissues using modified chemical extraction and physical oscillation, and evaluated. The third generation NSCs were planted on SCAS and co-cultured, the morphology of the cells on the scaffold was observed with immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry and scanning electron microscope. Results:The cultured cells were NSCs, which could proliferate and differentiate. The porosity, water content and enzymatic hydrolysis rates of the prepared SCAS were significantly higher than that of normal spinal cord (|t| > 4.679, P < 0.01). The matrix structure of SCAS was loosely network-like, with few residual nuclei. NSCs adhered and grew well, and differentiated into neurons and glial cells on SCAS. Conclusion:This kind of SCAS shapes multi-channel spatial structure and is suitable for NSCs adhesion, growth and differentiation, which can be used for spinal cord tissue engineering.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905227

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the problems of seed cells and biological scaffolds in spinal cord tissue engineering, and review the recent experimental research. Methods:Related literatures were searched in CNKI, Wangfang data, PubMed and Web of Science from establishment to March, 2021, and the problems and progress of seed cells, biological scaffolds and their combination were reviewed. Results:The problems of seed cells are carcinogenicity, immune rejection, ethics, low survival rate and differentiation rate after transplantation, and current researches focus on exploring new cell types, gene transfection, cell co-transplantation and pretreatment before transplantation. The problems of biological scaffold are that a single material selection cannot meet different needs, and the traditional technology cannot simulate the internal structure of spinal cord well. There were more researches focusing on new composite materials and new technology. The core problem of their combination is that the effects of different cell and scaffold combinations are different, and the current researches are mostly devoted to the continuous exploration of suitable composite mode, and try to introduce biological agents and other factors. Conclusion:Spinal cord tissue engineering has the potential to completely change the therapeutic pathway of spinal cord injury. Current experimental researches mainly base on solving the problems of seed cells and biological scaffolds of spinal cord tissue engineering, and further explore the appropriate composite mode of seed cells and biological scaffolds, so as to provide more basic evidence for its clinical application.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868605

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the therapeutic effects and prognostic factors of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.Methods:The clinical data of a total of 148 patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma enrolled in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from 2007 to 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients received 5-Fu/Cisplatin or Paclitaxel/Cisplatin for chemotherapies. The total treatment dose for the radiotherapy was delivered at 36-40Gy under conventional fractionation. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rates, and Log-rank test and Cox model were performed for univariate analysis and multivariate analysis, respectively.Results:The overall survival (OS) rates of 1-, 3-and 5-year were 74%, 51% and 51%, respectively, with a median survival time (MST) of 72.4 months. The carcinoma/disease-free survival (DFS) rates for 1, 3, 5 years were 60%, 51%, 45%, respectively, with a median time of 60.1 months. The 1-, 3-and 5-year OS rates of the pCR group were 86%, 70%, 70%, the ones of which in the non-pCR group were 70%, 44%, 43%, respectively ( P=0.002). The 1-, 3-and 5-year DFS rates were 76%, 71%, 68% for the pCR group, and 53%, 43%, 37% for the non-pCR group, respectively ( P=0.002). In pN(-) group and pN(+ ) group, the 1-, 3-and 5-year OS rates were 83%, 56%, 55% and 50%, 38%, 38%( P=0.004), respectively. Further, the 1-, 3-and 5-year DFS rates were 66%, 56%, 51% for the pN(-) group, and 43%, 38%, 31% for the pN(+ ) group ( P=0.006), respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that pCR and pN status were independent prognostic factors for OS and DFS ( P=0.012, 0.011 and P=0.025, 0.033). Conclusion:Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy demonstrated significant therapeutic effects in the treatment of locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, while pCR and pN status served as independent prognostic factors.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821660

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the endemic situation of schistosomiasis in Hunan Province in 2019, so as to provide insights into the achievement of transmission interruption of schistosomiasis in the province in 2020. Methods The data pertaining to Schistosoma japonicum infections in humans and livestock and snail status were captured from Hunan Province in 2019 and analyzed. Results Schistosomiasis was endemic in 281 townships (towns) from 41 counties (districts) of 6 cities in Hunan Province by the end of 2019. A total of 991 900 persons received blood testing in Hunan Province in 2019, and 22 773 were positive for the blood testing, with sero-prevalence of 2.30%. All stool examinations were negative in 22 933 individuals detected. The high sero-prevalence was seen in Nanxian County, Anxiang County and Ziyang District. Currently, there were 5 034 cases with advanced schistosomiasis detected in Hunan Province, and they were predominantly identified in Yuanjiang City, Heshan District and Yueyang County. There were 44 963 bovines fenced in schistosomiasis-endemic villages in Hunan Province in 2019, which were predominantly distributed in Yuanjiang City, Hanshou County and Ziyang District, and no positives were detected in 1 996 bovines receiving blood testing or 20 684 bovines receiving stool examinations. In 2019, there were snail habitats of 1.73 billion m2 found in Hunan Province, which were mainly found in Yuanjiang City, Hanshou County and Yueyang County. Conclusion The endemic situation of schistosomiasis further decreases in Hunan Province in 2019; however, there is still a risk of schistosomiasis transmission in local areas of the province.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821645

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the changes in the endemic situation of schistosomiasis in national surveillance sites of Hunan Province, so as to provide scientific basis for the development of the schistosomiasis elimination programme in the province. Methods According to the requirements of the National Guidelines for Schistosomiasis Surveillance in China (2014 version), a total of 41 national schistosomiasis surveillance sites were assigned in all disease-endemic counties (districts) across Hunan Province. During the period between 2015 and 2019, Schistosoma japonicum infections were monitored in local residents, mobile populations and livestock, and snail status was monitored. The morbidity due to schistosomiasis and snail status was compared between years. Results The sero-prevalence of S. japonicum infections was 2.57% and 1.56% in local residents and mobile populations in national surveillance sites of Hunan Province from 2015 to 2019, respectively, and the sero-prevalence appeared a tendency towards a decline over years. A higher sero-prevalence rate of S. japonicum infections was seen in men than in women (P < 0.01). During the 5-year study period, the sero-prevalence rate of human S. japonicum infections appeared a tendency towards a decline in the marshland, embankment, inner embankment and hilly types of endemic areas over years. There were 44 and 19 egg -positives detected in local residents and 5 and 1 egg-positives in mobile populations in 2015 and 2016 respectively. A total of 9 346 domestic animals were monitored from 2015 to 2019, and 6 egg-positives were detected in 2015 and 2016 (all were bovine). A total of 0.155 billion m2 settings were surveyed from 2015 to 2019, and the mean density of living snails appeared a tendency towards a decline over years, with a 45.79% reduction in 2019 as compared to 2015. However, no S. japonicum infections were identified in snails during the 5-year period. A total of 1 469 mixed snail samples were detected using loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), and 6 positive snail samples were identified in 2015 (one sample) and 2017 (5 samples). Conclusions The overall endemic situation of schistosomiasis appears a tendency towards a decline in Hunan Province, and the prevalence of S. japonicum infections is at a low level in humans and livestock; however, there is still a risk of schistosomiasis transmission. Improvements of health education, intensification of schistosomiasis examinations in mobile populations and reinforcement of the surveillance-response system is required to consolidate the achievements of schistosomiasis control in Hunan Province.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821643

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the effect of the integrated schistosomiasis control measures in Hunan Province from 2004 to 2019, so as to provide insights into the development of the schistosomiasis elimination strategy. Methods The integrated schistosomiasis control measures implemented by the health, agriculture, water resources, forestry, land and resources sectors were retrospectively collected in Hunan Province from 2004 to 2019, and the completion of each measure, cost of control measures, Schistosoma japonicum infections in humans and bovines, and snail status were analyzed each year. An index system for assessing the integrated schistosomiasis control effect was constructed using the Delphi method to calculate the integrated schistosomiasis control effect index. In addition, a cost-effect analysis was performed in terms of the decline in the prevalence of S. japonicum infections in humans and bovines, areas with snails in inner embankments, and areas with infected snails. Results A total of 7 110 926 500 Yuan were invested into the integrated schistosomiasis control program of Hunan Province from 2004 to 2019. During the 16-year period, a total of 277 437.12 hm2 snail habitats received molluscicidal treatments, 6 927 230 person-times given expanded chemotherapy, 2 116 247 bovine-times given expanded chemotherapy, 954 850 harmless toilets built, 290 359 bovines fenced, 136 666 bovines eliminated, 141 905 machines used to replace bovines, 39 048.63 hm2 water lands improved as dry lands, 724.12 km irrigation regions improved, 3 994 300 populations covered with safe water, 191 102.89 hm2 forests planted and 38 535.27 hm2 lands leveled. The prevalence of S. japonicum infections was 4.29% in humans and 4.48% in bovines in Hunan Province in 2004, with 2 449.37 hm2 snail habitats in inner embankments and 3 423.74 hm2 infected snail areas. In 2019, the prevalence of S. japonicum infections reduced to 0 in both humans and bovines, and areas of snail habitats reduced to 540.92 hm2 (77.92% reductions), while the areas with infected snails reduced to 0. The overall integrated schistosomiasis control effect index appeared a tendency towards a rise over years since 2004, and the integrated schistosomiasis control effect index was 97.35 in 2019; the annual mean costs for a 1% reduction in the prevalence of S. japonicum infections in 100 populations and 100 bovines were 70.11 Yuan and 4 204.78 Yuan, and the annual mean costs for a 1% reduction in the snail areas in inner embankments and infected snail areas were 2 010.20 Yuan and 1 298.09 Yuan, respectively. Conclusions The integrated control measures achieve remarkable effectiveness for schistosomiasis control in Hunan Province, with a remarkable decline in the prevalence of S. japonicum infections in humans and bovines and great shrinking of snail areas in inner embankments and infected snail areas. Adequate fund investment is required to improve the integrated schistosomiasis control measures and consolidate the control achievements.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772628

ABSTRACT

We report a clinical case of type Ⅲ dens invaginatus with endodontic-periodontal lesion in a maxillary lateral incisor. The palatal radicular anomaly predisposed the tooth to periodontal lesions. The caries along the palatal groove caused tooth pulp necrosis and periapical lesions. By means of microscopic root canal therapy, apical surgery, and guided periodontal tissue regeneration, the apical and periodontal infection were controlled, and the affected tooth was retained.


Subject(s)
Dens in Dente , Dental Pulp Necrosis , Humans , Incisor , Root Canal Therapy
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745278

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the treatment outcome of nimotuzumab in combination with neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery for locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).Methods A total of 23 ESCC patients were enrolled.The preoperative strategies consisted of nimotuzumab (200 mg per week in week 1-5),concurrent chemotherapy by paclitaxel (45 mg/m2 per week in week 2-5) and cisplatin (20 mg/m2 per week in week 2-5) and radiotherapy by a total dose of 40 Gy (2.0 Gy/d,5 days per week in week 2-5).Esophagectomy was performed 4 weeks after the completion of preoperative therapies.Results All of the 23 patients enrolled completed the planned combined therapy method,and 22 patients underwent final surgery.The clinical response rate of nimotuzumab in combination with preoperative chemoradiotherapy was 96%.The most frequent Grade 1/2 toxicities observed were gastrointestinal reaction,bone marrow suppression,and esophagitis.The rate of radical resection was 100%,and the pathological complete response rate was 41%.The incidence rate of postoperative pulmonary infection,anastomotic leak,hoarseness,and arrhythmia were 14%,9%,4%,and 4%,respectively.No perioperative deaths occurred in our study.The 1-,3-,and 5-year overall survival (OS) rate for all the patients were 86%,52% and 52%,respectively.The median survival time (MST) was 28.9 months.Postoperative pathologic results showed 15 patients with lymph node negative and 7 patients with lymph node positive.the 1-,3-,and 5-year OS for pN0 group were 100%,62% and 62%,versus 57%,29% and 29% for pN+ group (P=0.033).The MST for pNo group was 42.6 months versus 14.2 months for pN + group.Conclusions The regimen of nimotuzumab in combination with preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery is safe and effective for locally advanced ESCC.Patients with lymph node negative after surgery have significantly improved long-term survival.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 358-364, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705047

ABSTRACT

Aim To observe the effect of ilexonin A (IA) on the proliferation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs),and to investigate whether IA can promote the migration of BMSCs by up-regulating the expression of CXCR4 in rats. Methods MTT method was used to assay and analyse the proliferation of BM-SCs which were pretreated with different concentrations of IA (3.125,6.25,12.5,25,50,100,200,400, 800 mg·L-1) for 24,48 and 72h,then the best con-centration and the best optimum time were screened. The third generation of BMSCs was exposed to the opti-mal concentration of IA for 48h. The Transwell system was used to carry out the experiment of BMSCs migra-tion. Western blot was used to analyse the expression of CXCR4. Results MTT assay showed that com-pared with control group, the proliferation of BMSCs was significantly reduced in IA 100 ~800 mg·L-1 groups at 24h(P < 0.05); compared with control group, the proliferation of BMSCs significantly de-creased in IA 100~800 mg·L-1groups at 48h(P<0.05),but markedly increased in IA 6.25 and 3.125 mg·L-1groups (P <0.05); compared with control group,the proliferation of BMSCs was significantly re-duced in IA 12.5~800 mg·L-1groups at 72h(P<0.05). The above results indicated that the BMSCs in-cubated with IA 6.25 and 3.125 mg·L-1for 48h were the optimal choice to promote proliferation. The Transwell migration assay showed that incubation with IA 6.25 and 3.125 mg·L-1for 48h could significant-ly increase the migration of BMSCs(P <0.05), and the migration rate was not related with the concentra-tion of IA. This effect was completely blocked by AMD3100(the antagonist of CXCR4). Western blot showed that incubation with IA 6.25 and 3.125 mg· L-1for 48h could increase the expression of CXCR4 in BMSCs(P<0.05). Conclusion IA can promote the proliferation of BMSCs and increase the migration of BMSCs by up-regulating the expression of CXCR4.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664215

ABSTRACT

The restoration of motor function after spinal cord injury is a major problem in the medical field,in which axonal regenera-tion is the basis and goal of motor and neurological recovery.Researches showed that electroacupuncture was effective on axonal regenera-tion after spinal cord injury.In this paper,the mechanisms were summarized from the aspects of the formation of glial scar,the role of axon growth inhibitory factor,the secretion of neurotrophic factor and the growth status of neurons.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 350-353, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737644

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the prevalence of schistosomiasis in Hunan province,and provide scientific evidence for the control and elimination of schistosomiasis.Methods The changes of infection rates ofSchistosoma (S.)japonicum among residents and cattle in Hunan from 1984 to 2015 were analyzed by using dynamic trend diagram;and the time regression model was used to fit the infection rates of S.japonicum,and predict the recent infection rate.Results The overall infection rates of S.japonicum in Hunan from 1984 to 2015 showed downward trend (95.29% in residents and 95.16% in cattle).By using the linear regression model,the actual values of infection rates in residents and cattle were all in the 95% confidence intervals of the value predicted;and the prediction showed that the infection rates in the residents and cattle would continue to decrease from 2016 to 2020.Conclusion The prevalence of schistosomiasis was in decline in Hunan.The regression model has a good effect in the short-term prediction of schistosomiasis prevalence.

12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 350-353, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736176

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the prevalence of schistosomiasis in Hunan province,and provide scientific evidence for the control and elimination of schistosomiasis.Methods The changes of infection rates ofSchistosoma (S.)japonicum among residents and cattle in Hunan from 1984 to 2015 were analyzed by using dynamic trend diagram;and the time regression model was used to fit the infection rates of S.japonicum,and predict the recent infection rate.Results The overall infection rates of S.japonicum in Hunan from 1984 to 2015 showed downward trend (95.29% in residents and 95.16% in cattle).By using the linear regression model,the actual values of infection rates in residents and cattle were all in the 95% confidence intervals of the value predicted;and the prediction showed that the infection rates in the residents and cattle would continue to decrease from 2016 to 2020.Conclusion The prevalence of schistosomiasis was in decline in Hunan.The regression model has a good effect in the short-term prediction of schistosomiasis prevalence.

13.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 983-986,990, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792659

ABSTRACT

Objective To analysis the effects on the growth of rats by repeated restraint in dermal exposure test. Methods SD rats in the restraint group was bound for 6 hours per day for 91 days according the way by dermal exposure, while SD rats in the control group didn't receive the treatment. Clinical signs, body weight and food consumption changes were observed for 91 days. When the study was terminated, hematology, clinical biochemistry, urinalyses, gross necropsy, and histopathology were carried out. Statistical methods such as the generalized estimating equation were used to compare the differences between two groups. Results The statistical results of generalized estimating equation showed that there was an interaction between the group and test time for male and female rats in body weight changes (P<0.05), and the body weight of male rats in the restraint group was lower than the control group (P<0.05) . Further analysis showed that for male rats there was significant difference between groups since the forth week (P<0.05), and the interaction was found between groups and test time (P<0.05) . For female rats, the interaction was found since the eighth week between the group and test time (P <0.05) .There was no significant differences in other parameters between two groups (P>0.05) . Conclusion Repeated restraint during dermal exposure affected the body weight gain of rats, and the sensitivity of male rats was higher than that of female rats.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618355

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe changes of variation of red blood cell distribution width-coefficient (RDW-CV), levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1 in patients with essential hypertension (EH) of different risk stratification.Methods: A total of 105 EH patients treated in our department from Oct 2015 to Sep 2016 were regarded as EH group.According to hypertension risk stratification, they were divided into low risk group (n=34), medium risk group (n=38) and high-and extremely high risk group (n=33).Another 105 subjects with corresponding age and gender were selected as healthy control group during the same period.RDW-CV, serum levels of MMP-2, MMP-9 and TIMP-1 were measured and compared among all groups.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze relationship among above indexes and hypertension.Results: Compared with healthy control group, there were significant rise in RDW-CV [(12.57±1.46) vs.(14.54±1.82)], serum levels of MMP-2 [(121.71±18.86)ng/ml vs.(155.43±40.81)ng/ml], MMP-9 [(109.72±21.80)ng/ml vs.(191.23±53.05)ng/ml] and TIMP-1 [(59.42±9.41)ng/ml vs.(83.64±15.82)ng/ml] in EH group, P<0.05 or <0.01.Compared with low risk group, there were significant rise in RDW-CV [(13.35±1.54) vs.(14.43±1.17) vs.(15.90±1.81)], serum levels of MMP-2 [(131.21±35.24) ng/ml vs.(152.16±33.15)ng/ml vs.(184.16±37.14)ng/ml], MMP-9 [(163.95±38.61) ng/ml vs.(198.70±43.52)ng/ml vs.(232.83±54.12)ng/ml] and TIMP-1 [(73.15±13.12)ng/ml vs.(83.78±10.22) ng/ml vs.(94.27±16.77)ng/ml] in medium risk group, high-and extremely high risk group, and those of high-and extremely high risk group were significantly higher than those of medium risk group, P<0.05 or <0.01.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis indicated that RDW-CV, MMP-2, MMP-9 and TIMP-1 were independent risk factors for hypertension (OR=2.248~2.725, P<0.05 or <0.01).Conclusion: RDW-CV,MMP-2,MMP-9 and TIMP-1 are independent risk factors for hypertension, active monitoring and intervention should be given for these risk factors.

15.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2016; 29 (4 [Supp.]): 1387-1390
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-181740

ABSTRACT

To study the impact of radiotherapy combined with cisplatin plus paclitaxel chemotherapy on the immunologic functions in the patients with esophageal cancer, from July 2012 to September 2014, 82 patients of esophageal cancer which were receiving treatment in our hospital chose out for this research. Among them, 42 patients received radiotherapy only, as the control group; while the other 40 patients with concurrent cisplatin plus paclitaxel chemo radiotherapy was taken as the observation group. Then the immunologic functions, toxic and side effects were compared between the two groups as well as the survival rates after 3-year-followup-visit, Th level of the total T cells, Th cells and the ratio of Th cells to Ts cells after receiving treatment all increased significantly compared with prior treatment. And the difference was statistically significant [P<0.05]. After the treatment, the level of T cells, Th cells and the ratio of Th cells to Ts cells of the observation group were all significantly lower than the control group, and the difference was statistically significant [P<0.05]. While the difference of the ratio of Ts cells to natural killer cells [NK cells] between the two groups were not significant. The toxic and side effects were mainly myelosuppression, decrease leukocyte, esophagit, nausea and vomiting, and it was not statistically significant in the difference between the two groups [P >0.05], the survival rates from the first year to the third year in the observation group were respectively significantly higher than the control group, and the difference was statistically significant [P<0.05]. Radiotherapy combined with cisplatin plus paclitaxel chemotherapy could properly increase the immunologic functions in patients with esophageal cancer, benefiting for the survival rate with a good security. Therefore, it was worth promoting

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2801-2803, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504534

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe clinical efficacy and safety of Mailuoning injection combined with benazepril in the treat-ment of chronic glomerulonephritis. METHODS:130 patients with chronic glomerulonephritis were randomly divided into observa-tion group and control group,with 65 cases in each group. Both groups received rountine treatment as low salt and fat diet. Control group was additionally given Benazepril tablet 10 mg,qd;observation group was additionally given Mailuoning injection 20 ml added into 5% Sodium chloride injection 250 ml,ivgtt,qd,on the basis of control group,20 days of drug withdrawal every 10 days. Both group received 4 months of treatment. Clinical efficacy of 2 groups were observed as well as the levels of BUN,UCr, SCr and 24 h urine protein quantitative (UPE) before and after the treatment. The incidence of ADR was compared between 2 groups. RESULTS:Total effective rate of observation group was 83.1%,which was significantly higher than 67.7% of control group,with statistical significance (P0.05);those indexes of 2 groups decreased significantly after treatment,and the observation group were lower than the control group,with statistical significance(P0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Mailuoning injection combined with benazepril is effective for chronic glo-merulonephritis,and can effectively improve renal function with good safety.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 332-334, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501427

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To obverse the efficacy and safety of tolynicate and napthylacetic acid and atorvastation combined with Danshen injection in the treatment of alcoholic hyperlipemia syndrome. METHODS:21 patients with alcoholic hyperlipemia syndrome were enrolled. All patients were given maintaining acid-base balance,oxygen inhalation and other conventional treatment. Based on it,they were orally given 75 mg Tolynicate and napthylacetic acid tablet,3 times a day+20 mg Atorvastatin calcium tab-let,once a day+4 ml Compound danshen injection,adding into 150 ml 5% Glucose injection by intravenous infusion,once a day. The treatment course for both groups was 30 d. Clinical efficacy,ALT,AST,TBIL,TC,TG,RBC and Hb before and after 6, 12,18,24 and 30 d,and incidence of adverse reactions were observed. RESULTS:After treatment,the total effective rate was 95.3%and incidence of adverse reactions was 28.5%. The ALT,AST and TBIL after 6,12,18,24 and 30 h and TC and TG after 18,24 and 30 h were significantly lower than before and gradually decreased by time;RBC and Hb after 12,18,24 and 30 h were significantly higher than before and gradually increased by time,the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05). CON-CLUSIONS:tolynicate and napthylacetic acid and atorvastation combined with Danshen injection is effective in the treatment of al-coholic hyperlipemia syndrome,with good safety.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479376

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of combined acupuncture and medicine in treating cervical spondylotic radiculopathy with syndrome of wind-cold obstructing collaterals.Methods Ninety cervical spondylotic radiculopathy patients with syndrome of wind-cold obstructing collaterals were randomly allocated to groups A, B and C, 30 cases each. Group A received electroacupuncture plus oral administration of modified Ramuli Cinnamomi and Puerariae decoction; group B, electroacupuncture alone; group C, oral administration of modified Ramuli Cinnamomi and Puerariae decoction alone. The traditional Chinese medical syndrome score and the Northwick Park Neck Pain Questionnaire (NPQ) score were recorded in the two groups before and after treatment and the clinical therapeutic effects were compared between the two groups.Results The total efficacy rate was 96.7% in group A, 86.7% in group B and 83.3% in group C. There was a statistically significant difference in the total efficacy rate between group A and group B or C (P<0.05). There were statistically significant pre-/post-treatment differences in the traditional Chinese medical syndrome score and the NPQ score in the three groups (P<0.01,P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in pre-/post-treatment traditional Chinese medical syndrome score and NPQ score difference values between group A and group B or C (P<0.05).Conclusion Combined use of acupuncture and medicine is an effective way to treat cervical spondylotic radiculopathy with syndrome of wind-cold obstructing collaterals.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4124-4126, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500693

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe therapeutic efficacy and safety of amlodipine besylate combined with valsartan in the treatment of hypertension. METHODS:158 patients with hypertension were randomly divided into control group (n=78) and treatment group (n=80). Control group was treated with amlodipine besylate,2.5 mg/time,3 times/d;treatment group was addi-tionally treated with valsartan,80 mg/time,once a day. A treatment course lasted for 4 weeks,and both received 5 courses. Clini-cal efficacy,blood pressure,plasma concentrations of ET-1,NT-proBNP and Ang Ⅱ were compared between 2 groups. RE-SULTS:The compliance rates of treatment group after 4,8,12,16,20 weeks were higher than that of the control group(P0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Amlodipine besylate combined with valsartan can effectively control the blood pres-sure in patients with hypertension,which may be related to the inhibition of ET-1,NT-proBNP and AngⅡ.

20.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 142-146, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792376

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the developmental effects induced by CdSe /ZnS quantum dots(QDs)on zebrafish embryos.Methods Zebrafish embryos were exposed to 0,0.5,1,2,4,8 and 16 nmol/L of CdSe /ZnS QDs,and the typical toxicological indexes were recorded at five time points respectively (24 hours post fertilization (hpf),48 hpf, 72 hpf,96 hpf,120 hpf).Results The results showed that the median lethal concentration (LC50 )for zebrafish embryos after 120 hpf was 21.38 nmol/L(95% CI =17.21 -26.57).The frequency of spontaneous movement in 60 seconds after 24 hpf,the frequency of heart beat in 60 seconds after 48 hpf,the hatching rate and the mortality rate were obviously affected by CdSe /ZnS QDs.Several abnormalities and toxic symptoms caused by CdSe /ZnS QDs at 8 nmol/L and 16 nmol/L were observed including pericardial edema,liver atrophy,non -depleted yolk,intestinal abnormal development and muscle degeneration after 120 hpf.Conclusion High level of CdSe /ZnS QDs (more than 8 nmol/L)could induce toxic effects on zebrafish embryonic development.

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