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1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 15-20, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009217

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of bone cement containing recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor (rhbFGF) and recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP)treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture(OVCF).@*METHODS@#A total of 103 OVCF patients who underwent PKP from January 2018 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including 40 males and 63 females, aged from 61 to 78 years old with an average of (65.72±3.29) years old. The injury mechanism included slipping 33 patients, falling 42 patients, and lifting injury 28 patients. The patients were divided into three groups according to the filling of bone cement. Calcium phosphate consisted of 34 patients, aged(65.1±3.3) years old, 14 males and 20 females, who were filled with calcium phosphate bone cement. rhBMP-2 consisted of 34 patients, aged (64.8±3.2) years old, 12 males and 22 females, who were filled with bone cement containing rhBMP-2. And rhbFGF+rhBMP-2 consisted of 35 patients, aged (65.1±3.6) years old, 14 males and 21 females, who were filled with bone cement containing rhbFGF and rhBMP-2. Oswestry disability index (ODI), bone mineral density, anterior edge loss height, anterior edge compression rate of injured vertebra, visual analog scale (VAS) of pain, and the incidence of refracture were compared between groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed for 12 months. Postoperative ODI and VAS score of the three groups decreased (P<0.001), while bone mineral density increased (P<0.001), anterior edge loss height, anterior edge compression rate of injured vertebra decreased first and then slowly increased (P<0.001). ODI and VAS of group calcium phosphate after 1 months, 6 months, 12 months were lower than that of rhBMP-2 and group rhbFGF+rhBMP-2(P<0.05), bone mineral density after 6 months, 12 months was higher than that of rhBMP-2 and group calcium phosphate(P<0.05), and anterior edge loss height, anterior edge compression rate of injured vertebra of group rhbFGF+rhBMP-2 after 6 months and 12 months were lower than that of group rhBMP-2 and group calcium phosphate(P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in the incidence of re-fracture among the three groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Bone cement containing rhbFGF and rhBMP-2 could more effectively increase bone mineral density in patients with OVCF, obtain satisfactory clinical and radiological effects after operation, and significantly improve clinical symptoms.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Fractures, Compression/complications , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/complications , Osteoporotic Fractures/etiology , Kyphoplasty/adverse effects , Vertebroplasty/adverse effects , Calcium Phosphates/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Recombinant Proteins , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2
2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 606-613, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985917

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the mechanism of intestinal tissue damage induced by macrophages activated by WNT2B high-expressed fibroblasts. Methods: This study involved biological information analysis, pathological tissue research and cell experimental research. The biological information of the colon tissue from the children with inflammatory bowel disease in previous study was analyzed again with single-cell sequencing. The pathological tissues were collected by colonoscopy from 10 children with Crohn's disease treated in the Department of Gastroenterology of Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center from July 2022 to September 2022. According to the findings of colonoscopy, tissues with obvious inflammation or ulceration were classified as the inflammatory group, while tissues with slight inflammation and no ulceration were classified as the non-inflammatory group. HE staining was performed to observe the pathological changes of the colon tissues. Macrophage infiltration and CXCL12 expression were detected by immunofluorescence. In terms of cell experiments, fibroblasts transfected with WNT2B plasmid or empty plasmid were co-cultured with salinomycin treated or non-treated macrophages, respectively; the expression of proteins through Wnt classical pathway were detected by western blotting. Macrophages treated with SKL2001 were used as the experimental group, and those with phosphate buffer as the control group. The expression and secretion of CXCL12 in macrophages were detected by quantitative Real-time PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). T-test or rank sum test were used for the comparison between groups. Results: Single-cell sequencing analysis suggested that macrophages were the main cells in inflammatory bowel disease colon tissue, and there was interaction between WNT2B high-expressed fibroblasts and macrophages. HE staining of the 10 patients ((9.3±3.8) years old, 7 males and 3 females) showed that the pathological score of colon tissue in the inflammatory group was higher than that in the non-inflammatory group (4 (3, 4) vs. 2 (1, 2) points, Z=3.05, P=0.002). Tissue immunofluorescence indicated that the number of infiltrating macrophages in the inflammatory group was significantly higher than that in the non-inflammatory group under high power field of view (72.8±10.4 vs.8.4±3.5, t=25.10, P<0.001), as well as the number of cells expressing CXCL12 (14.0±3.5 vs. 4.7±1.9, t=14.68, P<0.001). In cell experiments, western blotting suggested an elevated level of glycogen synthase kinase-3β phosphorylation in macrophages co-cultured with fibroblast transfected with WNT2B plasmid, and salinmycin could reverse this change. Real-time PCR suggested that the transcription level of CXCL12 in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group (6.42±0.04 vs. 1.00±0.03, t=183.00, P<0.001), as well as the expression and secretion of CXCL12 by ELISA ((465±34) vs. (77±9) ng/L, t=13.21, P=0.006). Conclusion: WNT2B high-expressed fibroblasts can secrete WNT2B protein and activate the Wnt classical signaling pathway thus enhancing the expression and secretion of CXCL12 in macrophages, inducing the development of intestinal inflammation of Crohn's disease.


Subject(s)
Child , Male , Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Crohn Disease , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Colon , Inflammation , Colonoscopy , Glycoproteins , Wnt Proteins
3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 683-689, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985758

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of breast myofibroblastoma. Methods: The clinicopathological data and prognostic information of 15 patients with breast myofibroblastoma diagnosed at the Department of Pathology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China from 2014 to 2022 were collected. Their clinical characteristics, histological subtypes, immunophenotypes and molecular characteristics were analyzed. Results: There were 12 female and 3 male patients, ranging in age from 18 to 78 years, with a median and average age of 52 years. There were 6 cases in the left breast and 9 cases in the right breast, including 12 cases in outer upper quadrant, 2 cases in inner upper quadrant and 1 case in outer lower quadrant. Most of the cases showed a well-defined nodule grossly, including pushing growth under the microscope in 13 cases, being completely separated from the surrounding breast tissue in 1 case, and infiltrating growth in 1 case. Among them, 12 cases were classic subtype and composed of occasional spindle cells with varying intervals of collagen fiber bundles; eight cases had a small amount of fat; one case had focal cartilage differentiation; one case was epithelioid subtype, in which epithelioid tumor cells were scattered in single filing or small clusters; one case was schwannoma-like subtype, and the tumor cells were arranged in a significant palisade shape, resembling schwannoma, and one case was invasive leiomyoma-like subtype, in which the tumor cells had eosinophilic cytoplasm and were arranged in bundles, and infiltrating into the surrounding mammary lobules like leiomyoma. Immunohistochemical studies showed that the tumor cells expressed desmin (14/15) and CD34 (14/15), as well as ER (15/15) and PR (15/15). Three cases with histologic subtypes of epithelioid subtype, schwannoma-like subtype and infiltrating leiomyoma-like subtype showed RB1 negative immunohistochemistry. Then FISH was performed to detect RB1/13q14 gene deletion, and identified RB1 gene deletion in all three cases. Fifteen cases were followed up for 2-100 months, and no recurrence was noted. Conclusions: Myofibroblastoma is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor of the breast. In addition to the classic type, there are many histological variants, among which the epithelioid subtype is easily confused with invasive lobular carcinoma. The schwannoma-like subtype is similar to schwannoma, while the invasive subtype is easily misdiagnosed as fibromatosis-like or spindle cell metaplastic carcinoma. Therefore, it is important to recognize the various histological subtypes and clinicopathological features of the tumor for making correct pathological diagnosis and rational clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Antigens, CD34 , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Leiomyoma/pathology , Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue/pathology , Neurilemmoma
4.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 516-526, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982721

ABSTRACT

Lignans derived from Eucommia ulmoides Oliver (Eucommia lignans) inhibit the progression of inflammatory diseases, while their effect on the progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN) remained unclear. This work was designed to assess the function of Eucommia lignans in DN. The major constituents of Eucommia lignans were analyzed by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS. The binding between Eucommia lignans and aldose reductase (AR) was predicted by molecular docking. Eucommia lignans (200, 100, and 50 mg·kg-1) were used in model animals to evaluate their renal function changes. Rat glomerular mesangial cells (HBZY-1) were transfected with sh-AR, sh-AMPK, and oe-AR in the presence of high glucose (HG) or HG combined with Eucommia lignans to evaluate whether Eucommia lignans affected HG-induced cell injury and mitochondrial dysfunction through the AR/Nrf2/HO-1/AMPK axis. Eucommia lignans significantly attenuated the progression of DN in vivo. Eucommia lignans notably reversed HG-induced upregulation of inflammatory cytokines and mitochondrial injury, while downregulating the levels of Cyto c, caspase 9, AR, and NOX4 in HBZY-1 cells. In contrast, HG-induced downregulation of Nrf2, HO-1 and p-AMPKα levels were abolished by Eucommia lignans. Meanwhile, knockdown of AR exerted similar therapeutic effect of Eucommia lignans on DN progression, and AR overexpression reversed the effect of Eucommia lignans. Eucommia lignans alleviated renal injury through the AR/Nrf2/HO-1/AMPK axis. Thus, these findings might provide evidence for the use of Eucommia lignans in treating DN.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/genetics , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Nephropathies/prevention & control , Eucommiaceae/metabolism , Lignans/therapeutic use , Molecular Docking Simulation , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 396-402, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982072

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of one patient with primary adrenal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (PANKTCL), and to strengthen the understanding of this rare type of lymphoma.@*METHODS@#The clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment process, and prognosis of the patient admitted in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Combined with pathology, imaging, bone marrow examination, etc, the patient was diagnosed with PANKTCL (CA stage, stage II; PINK-E score 3, high-risk group). Six cycles of "P-GemOx+VP-16" regimen(gemcitabine 1 g/m2 d1 + oxaliplatin 100 mg/m2 d 1 + etoposide 60 mg/m2 d 2-4 + polyethylene glycol conjugated asparaginase 3 750 IU d 5) was performed, and complete response was assessed in 4 cycles. Maintenance therapy with sintilimab was administered after the completion of chemotherapy. Eight months after the complete response, the patient experienced disease recurrence and underwent a total of four courses of chemotherapy, during which hemophagocytic syndrome occurred. The patient died of disease progression 1 month later.@*CONCLUSION@#PANKTCL is rare, relapses easily, and has a worse prognosis. The choice of the "P-GemOx+VP-16" regimen combined with sintilimab help to improve the survival prognosis of patient with non-upper aerodigestive tract natural killer /T-cell lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Treatment Outcome , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Etoposide , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/drug therapy , Asparaginase , Deoxycytidine , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral/drug therapy , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell/therapy , Oxaliplatin/therapeutic use
6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 699-703, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996580

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the safety and effectiveness of different interventional approaches for the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in children. Methods    The children (≤7 years) who underwent interventional treatment for PDA from 2019 to 2020 in our hospital were retrospectively included. The patients were divided into 3 groups according to the procedures: a conventional arteriovenous approach group, a simple venous approach group, and a retrograde femoral artery approach group. The clinical efficacy of the patients was compared. Results     A total of 220 patients were included. There were 78 males and 142 females, with an average age of 3.21±1.73 years, weight of 14.99±5.35 kg, and height of 96.19±15.77 cm. The average diameter of the PDA was 3.35±1.34 mm. A total of 85 patients received a conventional arteriovenous approach, 104 patients received a simple venous approach, and 31 patients received a retrograde femoral artery approach. The diameter of PDA in the retrograde femoral artery group was smaller than that in the other two groups (3.44±1.43 mm vs. 1.99±0.55 mm; 3.69±1.17 mm vs. 1.99±0.55 mm, P<0.001); the contrast medium usage [40 (30, 50) mL vs. 20 (20, 30) mL; 35 (25, 50) mL vs. 20 (20, 30) mL, P≤0.001] and operation time [32 (26, 44) min vs. 25 (23, 30) min; 29 (25, 38) min vs. 25 (23, 30) min, P<0.05] in the simple venous approach group were significantly less or shorter than those in the other two groups; the length of hospital stay of the conventional arteriovenous group was longer than that in the other two groups [3 (3, 5) d vs. 4 (3, 6) d; 4 (3, 5) d vs. 4 (3, 6) d, P<0.05]. There was no significant difference in postoperative complications. Conclusion    It is safe and effective to close PDA through simple venous approach. The retrograde femoral artery approach has the advantage of simplifying the surgical procedure for PDA with small diameters.

7.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1623-1637, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010623

ABSTRACT

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is one of the common neurodevelopmental disorders in children. Its etiology and pathogenesis are poorly understood. Previous studies have suggested potential changes in the complement and coagulation pathways in individuals with ASD. In this study, using multiple reactions monitoring proteomic technology, 16 of the 33 proteins involved in this pathway were identified as differentially-expressed proteins in plasma between children with ASD and controls. Among them, CFHR3, C4BPB, C4BPA, CFH, C9, SERPIND1, C8A, F9, and F11 were found to be altered in the plasma of children with ASD for the first time. SERPIND1 expression was positively correlated with the CARS score. Using the machine learning method, we obtained a panel composed of 12 differentially-expressed proteins with diagnostic potential for ASD. We also reviewed the proteins changed in this pathway in the brain and blood of patients with ASD. The complement and coagulation pathways may be activated in the peripheral blood of children with ASD and play a key role in the pathogenesis of ASD.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Autism Spectrum Disorder/metabolism , Proteomics , Brain/metabolism
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6234-6248, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008822

ABSTRACT

Bungarus Parvus, a precious animal Chinese medicinal material used in clinical practice, is believed to be first recorded in Ying Pian Xin Can published in 1936. This study was carried out to analyze the names, geographical distribution, morphological characteristics, ecological habits, poisonousness, and medicinal parts by consulting ancient Chinese medical books and local chronicles, Chinese Pharmacopeia, different processing standards of trditional Chinese medicine(TCM) decoction pieces, and modern literatures. The results showed that the earliest medicinal record of Bungarus Parvus was traced to 1894. In 1930, this medicinal material was used in the formulation of Annao Pills. The original animal, Bungarus multicinctus, was recorded by the name of "Bojijia" in 1521. The morphological characteristics, ecological habits, and poisonousness of the original animal are the same in ancient and modern records. The geographical distribution is similar between the ancient records and modern documents such as China Medicinal Animal Fauna. The dried body of young B. multicinctus is used as Bungarus Parvus, which lack detailed references. As a matter of fact, it is still inconclusive whether there are differences between young snakes and adult snakes in terms of active ingredients, pharmacological effects, and clinical applications. This study clarified the medicinal history and present situation of Bungarus Parvus. On the basis of the results, it is suggested that systematic comparison on young and adult B. multicinctus should be carried out to provide references for revising the medicinal parts of B. multicinctus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bungarus , Snakes , China , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
9.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 34-43, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961827

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThis study was designed to explore the effect of MG53 on cardiac function affected by acute doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiotoxicity (DIC) in mice and its possible mechanism. MethodsIn vivo, C57BL/6 mice were injected intraperitoneally with twenty mg/kg DOX for one week to induce the acute DIC. In vitro, neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCs) were treated with 1 μmol/L DOX to induce DIC. A small animal ultrasound imaging system was used to evaluate cardiac function, and the left ventricular changes in ejection fraction (EF) and fraction shortening (FS) were measured. qPCR technology was used to evaluate cardiac remodeling related factors ANP, BNP and α-MHC, autophagy-related factors Beclin1 and LC3, and apoptosis-related factor CASPASE3. Autophagy-related protein levels of Beclin1, LC3 and apoptosis-related protein levels of caspase3 were assessed by Western Blot. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to detect autophagosomes in heart tissues. TUNEL assay kit was used to detect apoptosis in neonatal murine cardiomyocytes. ResultsThe small animal ultrasound imaging revealed cardiac function was significantly reduced by doxorubicin in the DOX group and DOX+AAV9-NC group compared with the sham group (EF: Sham: 86.06 ± 2.08 vs. DOX:58.97 ± 1.62, P < 0.000 1; Sham: 86.06 ± 2.08 vs. DOX+AAV9-NC: 59.00 ± 1.86, P < 0.000 1. FS: Sham: 45.47 ± 1.95 vs. DOX:30.68 ± 1.21, P < 0.000 1; Sham: 45.47 ± 1.95 vs. DOX+AAV9-NC: 30.79 ± 1.13, P < 0.000 1). However, the overexpression of MG53 with adeno-associated virus9 (AAV9) ameliorated cardiac dysfunction (EF: DOX+AAV9-MG53: 66.93 ± 1.78 vs. DOX+AAV9-NC: 59.00 ± 1.86, P < 0.000 1. FS: DOX+AAV9-MG53: 36.35 ± 1.33 vs. DOX+AAV9-NC: 30.79 ± 1.13, P < 0.000 1). TEM showed autophagosomes were increased in the DOX+AAV9-MG53 group compared with the DOX group and DOX+AAV9-NC. qPCR results suggested that MG53 down-regulated the mRNA expression of cardiac remodeling related genes. Additionally, Western blot results confirmed that the protein level of caspases3 was decreased and Beclin1 and LC3 expression was increased in the DOX+AAV9-MG53 group compared with those in the DOX group and DOX+AAV9-NC group (caspase: DOX+AAV9-MG53: 1.49 ± 0.13 vs. DOX+AAV9-NC: 2.49 ± 0.46, P = 0.000 2; Beclin-1: DOX+AAV9-MG53:0.82 ± 0.02 vs. DOX+AAV9-NC: 0.62 ± 0.05, P < 0.000 1; LC3: DOX+AAV9-MG53: 0.83 ± 0.04 vs. DOX+AAV9-NC: 0.40 ± 0.05, P < 0.000 1). In contrast, knockdown of MG53 significantly up-regulated the protein level of Caspase3 and significantly down-regulated the protein level of Beclin1 and LC3 (caspase: DOX+si-MG53: 4.52 ± 0.28 vs. DOX+si-NC: 3.37 ± 0.08, P < 0.000 1; Beclin-1: DOX+si-MG53: 0.34 ± 0.06 vs. DOX+si-NC: 0.54 ± 0.07, P = 0.026 2; LC3: DOX+si-MG53: 0.41 ± 0.12 vs. DOX+si-NC: 0.70 ± 0.07, P = 0.001 5). TUNEL analysis showed overexpression of MG53 significantly inhibited the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes (DOX+Ad-MG53: 9.41 ± 0.53 vs. DOX+Ad-NC: 29.34 ± 7.29, P < 0.000 1), and knockdown of MG53 significantly facilitate the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes (DOX+si-MG53: 71.34 ± 5.90 vs. DOX+si-NC: 32.19 ± 9.91, P < 0.000 1). ConclusionMG53 inhibits cardiac apoptosis and enhances autophagy, which delays cardiac remodeling and ameliorates cardiac dysfunction.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 577-581, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972749

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the changes of mental health of impoverished college students from the first year to the last year, to provide reference for improving mental health of impoverished college students.@*Methods@#The cluster sampling method was used to conduct a longitudinal follow up survey in October of each year from 2018 to 2021. Mental health status of 403 impoverished and 3 559 non impoverished college students in a university from Dongguan in 2018 grade was assessed using the SCL-90 scale.@*Results@#During the past four years, mental health status of poor college students has significantly improved by year, and both the total and positive mean scores of SCL-90 were reduced ( F =106.60, 96.37 , P <0.01). Sex difference in mental health score among poor college students gradually decreased over time. In the first two years, total score, positive score, somatization, depression, anxiety, phobia factor scores were higher than male students ( t =-3.97--2.21, P <0.05), while since the third year in college, no similar differences in SCL-90 total mean score, positive average, average score of most factors and detection rate were observed ( P >0.05). In the past four years, there was also no significant difference between poor and non poor college students in mental health score ( P >0.05).@*Conclusion@#For the past 4 years, the mental health status of poor college students has significantly improved. The sex difference in mental health status among poor college students, and between poor and non poor college students gradually disappear. Subsequent researchers should explore more positive psychological characteristics of poor students from the perspective of positive psychology.

11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 206-212, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971516

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanism by which fibroblasts with high WNT2b expression causes intestinal mucosa barrier disruption and promote the progression of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).@*METHODS@#Caco-2 cells were treated with 20% fibroblast conditioned medium or co-cultured with fibroblasts highly expressing WNT2b, with the cells without treatment with the conditioned medium and cells co-cultured with wild-type fibroblasts as the control groups. The changes in barrier permeability of Caco-2 cells were assessed by measuring transmembrane resistance and Lucifer Yellow permeability. In Caco-2 cells co-cultured with WNT2b-overexpressing or control intestinal fibroblasts, nuclear entry of β-catenin was detected with immunofluorescence assay, and the expressions of tight junction proteins ZO-1 and E-cadherin were detected with Western blotting. In a C57 mouse model of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced IBD-like enteritis, the therapeutic effect of intraperitoneal injection of salinomycin (5 mg/kg, an inhibitor of WNT/β-catenin signaling pathway) was evaluated by observing the changes in intestinal inflammation and detecting the expressions of tight junction proteins.@*RESULTS@#In the coculture system, WNT2b overexpression in the fibroblasts significantly promoted nuclear entry of β-catenin (P < 0.01) and decreased the expressions of tight junction proteins in Caco-2 cells; knockdown of FZD4 expression in Caco-2 cells obviously reversed this effect. In DSS-treated mice, salinomycin treatment significantly reduced intestinal inflammation and increased the expressions of tight junction proteins in the intestinal mucosa.@*CONCLUSION@#Intestinal fibroblasts overexpressing WNT2b causes impairment of intestinal mucosal barrier function and can be a potential target for treatment of IBD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mice , Animals , Caco-2 Cells , beta Catenin/metabolism , Culture Media, Conditioned/pharmacology , Tight Junctions/metabolism , Intestinal Mucosa , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Tight Junction Proteins/metabolism , Inflammation/metabolism , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Glycoproteins/metabolism , Wnt Proteins/pharmacology , Frizzled Receptors/metabolism
12.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 460-464, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930161

ABSTRACT

Combined with the related research progress of the application of chemical space in the field of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the common database resources and calculation tools of chemical space research are summarized and analyzed. The compatibility law of chemical space in TCM prescriptions, the screening of effective ingredients of TCMs, and TCM compounds are summarized. It was found that the current studies mainly focus on the efficacy and multi-target studies of TCMs and TCM compound, among which there are more studies on osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The existing studies have clarified the efficacy and targets of TCMs or TCM compound for diseases, but there is still a lack of a database on the main components of all TCMs and the efficacy and main targets of TCM compound. Therefore, there needs a new database for the main efficacy molecules and targets of TCMs.

13.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 470-475, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996116

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of acupuncture and moxibustion for functional dyspepsia (FD) due to Yang deficiency of the spleen and stomach.Methods: A total of 90 patients meeting the inclusion criteria of FD due to Yang deficiency of the spleen and stomach were randomized into an acupuncture-moxibustion group, an electroacupuncture (EA) group, and a mosapride group by the random number table method, with 30 cases in each group. The mosapride group was treated with mosapride citrate dispersible tablets. The EA group was treated with EA treatment. The acupuncture-moxibustion group was treated with additional moxibustion therapy based on the treatment in the EA group. All three groups took 10 d as one treatment course and 2 courses in total, with a 2-day interval between two courses. The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) symptoms score, functional digestive disorder quality of life questionnaire (FDDQL) score, oral-colon transit time (OCTT), and serum glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) level was compared before and after treatment among the three groups. And the clinical efficacy was evaluated.Results: The total effective rate in the acupuncture-moxibustion group was 96.7%, which was higher than 86.7% in the EA group and 73.3% in the mosapride group, and the total effective rate in the EA group was higher than that in the mosapride group; the inter-group differences were all statistically significant (P<0.05). After treatment, the TCM symptom score in the three groups was lower than that before treatment (P<0.05), and the FDDQL score was higher than that before treatment (P<0.05). The change after treatment in the TCM symptom score in the acupuncture- moxibustion group and the EA group was more significant than that in the mosapride group, and the change in the acupuncture-moxibustion group was more significant than that in the EA group; the inter-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). The change after treatment in the FDDQL score in the acupuncture-moxibustion group and the EA group was greater than that in the mosapride group, and the change in the acupuncture-moxibustion group was larger than that in the EA group; the inter-group differences were all statistically significant (P<0.05). After treatment, the OCTT in all three groups was lower than that before treatment (P<0.05), and the serum GLP-1 level was higher than that before treatment (P<0.05); the change after treatment in the OCTT in the acupuncture-moxibustion group and the EA group was more significant than that in the mosapride group, and the change in the acupuncture- moxibustion group was more significant than that in the EA group; the inter-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). The change after treatment in the serum GLP-1 level in the acupuncture-moxibustion group and the EA group was greater than that in the mosapride group, and the change in the acupuncture-moxibustion group was larger than that in the EA group; the inter-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion: Acupuncture and moxibustion can improve the clinical symptoms in patients with FD and enhance their quality of life, producing better effects than EA or mosapride alone. Shortening gastrointestinal movement time and increasing gastrointestinal hormone levels may be its mechanism.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 924-930, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors and prognosis of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) infection for inpatients in hepatobiliary surgery. Methods:The clinical data of patients with Klebsiella pneumoniae infection admitted to the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Hunan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2016 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. For each patient with CRKP infection, two patients with non-carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (non-CRKP) infection were selected for matching. A total of 720 patients with Klebsiella pneumoniae infection were involved, including 444 males and 276 females, aged (58.0±11.6) years old. According to the infection conditions, they were divided into two groups: CRKP group ( n=240) and non-CRKP group ( n=480). The 240 CRKP patients were divided into two subgroups according to their prognosis: death group ( n=34) and survival group ( n=206). The general information, laboratory test results, antibiotic use and infection outcomes of patients were recorded to analyze the risk factors of infection and death after infection. Results:Acute pancreatitis ( OR=3.473, 95% CI: 1.844-6.541), chronic cardiovascular disease before infection ( OR=2.028, 95% CI: 1.228-3.347), chronic renal failure ( OR=1.873, 95% CI: 1.142-3.073), hypoalbuminemia ( OR=3.060, 95% CI: 1.869-5.010), use of carbapenems ( OR=3.882, 95% CI: 2.518-5.985), admission to intensive care unit ( OR=1.783, 95% CI: 1.034-3.075) and surgery within 30 days before infection ( OR=13.463, 95% CI: 7.482-24.223) were independent risk factors for CRKP infection inpatients in hepatobiliary surgery(all P<0.05). Chronic respiratory disease before infection ( OR=3.784, 95% CI: 1.420-10.089), mechanical ventilation ( OR=5.085, 95% CI: 1.436-18.011), disturbance of consciousness ( OR=40.710, 95% CI: 3.564-464.943), hormone therapy ( OR=14.977, 95% CI: 3.819-58.743) and treatment of quinolone antibiotics ( OR=4.102, 95% CI: 1.226-13.726) were independent risk factors for death of inpatients with CRKP infection in hepatobiliary surgery (all P<0.05). The resistance of amikacin, tobramycin, ceftazidime, cefepime, aztreonam, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, co-sulfamethoxazole and piperacillin/tazobactamand in CRKP group were significantly different compared with non-CRKP group (all P<0.05). Conclusion:The occurrence of CRKP infection for inpatients in hepatobiliary surgery is related to various factors such as underlying diseases, antibiotic use and self-barrier destruction, and these factors affect the infection outcome of patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 689-692, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989868

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of laparoscopic reversible uterine artery occlusion in the treatment of cesarean section scar pregnancy.Methods:A total of 112 patients who were hospitalized in our hospital from Sep. 2018 to Jun. 2020 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College and diagnosed with type II and type III cesarean section scars were selected. The patients were divided into groups according to the randomization method, the control group ( n=58) and the study group ( n=54) . The control group used uterine artery embolization combined with laparoscopic removal of pregnancy and uterine scar repair, while the study group used laparoscopic reversible uterine artery occlusion, pregnancy removal surgery and uterine scar repair surgery. The clinical treatment effects of the two groups of patients were compared. Results:The intraoperative blood loss of the control group (21.26±9.64) ml was significantly less than that of the study group (75.25±8.25) ml ( P<0.05) ; the treatment success rate of the study group was 98.15% (53/54) , which was significantly higher than the control group 86.21% (50/58) ( P<0.05) ; the time of vaginal bleeding in the study group (7.26±0.94) d, postoperative menstrual regain time (31.25±1.26) d, and hospital stay (3.14±0.25) d were significantly less than those in the control group ( (9.54±0.94) 0.86) d, (47.25±2.15) d, (9.26±0.94) d) ] ( P<0.05) ; 24 h β-hCG level and β-hCG negative time study group [ (1015.11±325.05) IU/L, (14.25±3.21) d] was significantly less than the control group [ (2654.25±284.25) IU/L, (27.16±5.14) d] ( P<0.05) ; there was no difference in the scores of the modified SF-36 scale before treatment between the two groups ( P>0.05) . The modified SF-36 scale score (63.22±4.25) of the study group after treatment was significantly higher than that of the control group (55.25±3.83) ( P<0.05) . Conclusions:Laparoscopic reversible uterine artery occlusion is effective in treating cesarean section scar pregnancy. After treatment, the β-hCG level of the patient is significantly reduced and the quality of life is significantly improved.

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1688-1698, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013991

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the protective effect of tetramethylpyrazine ( TMP ) on cerebral ischemia/reper¬fusion ( I/R) injury in diabetes mellitus ( DM ) rats based on full-length transcriptome sequencing tech¬nique and the underlying mechanism. Methods The rat model of DM was induced by intraperitoneal injec- tion of streptozotocin (STZ,50 mg • kg" ) . The global cerebral I/R model of rats was established by double vessel occlusion (2-VO) for 10 min and reperfusion for 16 h. TMP (40 mg • kg ) was injected intraperitone-ally every day. Brain water content detection, HE stai¬ning, Nissl staining and TUNEL staining were used to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of TMP on cerebral I/R injury in DM rats. The differentially expressed genes were screened by full-length transcriptome se¬quencing. The possible candidate genes and metabolic pathways of TMP for cerebral ischemia protection in DM rats were screened by functional annotation and metabolic pathway enrichment analysis, and verified by RT-qPCR and Western blot. Results TMP treatment could reduce the degree of brain edema, increase the number of Nissl bodies and neurons, and significantly reduce cell necrosis and apoptosis after cerebral I/R in DM rats. GO enrichment analysis showed that the dif¬ferentially expressed genes after TMP treatment were mainly enriched in biological functions such as inflam¬matory response, transcription factor complex, growth factor activity and so on. KEGG pathway analysis showed that it was mainly concentrated in apoptosis, Toll-like receptor and other signaling pathways. Among them TMP down-regulated genes included TLR2, MyD88, IL-lp, Caspase-3, etc. The results of RT-qPCR and Western blot confirmed that TMP could down-regulate TLR2, MyD88, NF-KB, IL-10, IL-6 and Caspase-3 , and up-regulate the mRNA and protein expression of Bcl-2. Conclusions TMP may amelio¬rate neuronal apoptosis by inhibiting inflammatory re¬sponse, which improves cerebral I/R injury in DM rats, and the pathway may be TLR2/MyD88/NF-KB signaling pathway.

17.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 407-411, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953979

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics, efficacy and prognostic influencing factors of IgD multiple myeloma (MM) in the new immunotherapy era.Methods:The clinical data of 29 patients diagnosed with IgD MM in the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from March 2014 to February 2021 were retrospectively collected. The clinical characteristics, treatment regimens and efficacy, especially the efficacy of new drugs and immunotherapy for the disease were analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Multivariate Cox proportional risk model was used for analysis of prognostic influencing factors.Results:The median age of patients was 58 years. There were 20 cases (69.0%) below 65 years, 12 cases (41.4%) of complicated with stomach function damage, 6 cases (20.7%) of extramedullary invasion. All patients were treated with combined therapy containing proteasome inhibitor bortezomib in the first-line therapy, and the overall response rate was 82.8% (24/29). Among 21 relapsed/refractory patients, 12 patients were treated with the second-line or above treatment regimen chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) immunotherapy, including 9 cases achieving very good partial remission (VGPR) or above; 5 patients were treated with the new drug daratozumab, including 1 case achieving complete remission (CR). The median OS time of 29 patients was 48 months (95% CI 17-79 months), the median PFS time after the first-line treatment was 9 months (95% CI 3-15 months), and the median PFS time after the second-line treatment was 11 months (95% CI 1-21 months). Multivariate Cox regression results showed that CAR-T therapy is an independent influencing factor of the prognosis of relapsed/ refractory IgD MM patients ( HR = 0.094, 95% CI 0.019-0.473, P = 0.004). Conclusions:IgD MM patients are characterized with lower onset age, more renal function damage and a high incidence of extramedullary invasion. The first-line therapy containing proteasome inhibitor has a better short-term efficacy, and CAR-T therapy can improve the remission rate and survival rate of relapsed/refractory IgD MM to a certain extent.

18.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 1269-1276, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960558

ABSTRACT

Background Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are one of the most widely distributed and harmful organic pollutants in the atmosphere. Objective To investigate the distribution characteristics and composition sources of PAHs in the atmosphere of two districts of Lanzhou from 2019 to 2020 and evaluate the health risks of PAHs via inhalation to different populations. Methods The PAHs concentrations in two urban areas (Chengguan District and Xigu District) of Lanzhou City from January 2019 to December 2020 were regularly monitored. Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare differences in target pollutant concentrations between the two areas. Diagnostic ratio method and principal component analysis were adopted for source identification. Incremental lifetime cancer risk (ILCR) model was applied to evaluate the health risks of PAHs. Results The M (P25, P75) PAHs concentrations in Chengguan District and Xigu District were 24.04 (14.59, 41.81) ng·m−3 and 25.97 (18.59, 42.56) ng·m−3, respectively, with no significant difference (Z=−0.970, P>0.05). As to seasonal distribution, most PAHs monomer concentrations in Chengguan District were higher than those in Xigu District in summer, and the concentrations of benzo[a]anthracene and benzo[g,h,i]perylene in Chengguan District were also higher than those in Xigu District in spring and autumn (P<0.05), but there were no significant differences in PAHs monomer concentrations between the two urban areas in winter (P>0.05). Ring number of PAHs exhibited seasonal fluctuations. In winter and spring, the highest proportions in Chengguan District and Xigu District were both 4-ring PAHs (37.32%-41.73%, 35.20%-39.66%), and in summer and autumn, the highest proportions were both 2- and 3-ring PAHs (39.38%-49.54%, 47.17%-51.23%). The results of diagnostic ratio method revealed mixed atmospheric PAHs sources in the two urban areas, including fossil fuel, coal, and biomass combustion. The results of principal component analysis showed that the cumulative contribution rate of the four principal component factors reached 79.54%. Principal component 1 included phenanthrene, anthracene, fluoranthene, pyrene, chrysene, benzo[a]anthracene, benzo[b]fluoranthene, benzo[k]fluoranthene, and benzo[a]pyrene; principal component 2 included acenaphthene and dibenzo[a,h]anthracene; principal component 3 was fluorene; principal component 4 was naphthalene. The results of health risk assessment showed that the ILCR values of adult males, adult females, and children in Chengguan District were 2.30×10−6, 2.16×10−6, and 1.73×10−6, respectively; and those in Xigu District were 1.58×10−6, 1.48×10−6, and 1.19×10−6, respectively; all were greater than 10−6. Conclusion PAHs pollution exists in the atmosphere of the two urban areas of Lanzhou City, mainly comes from mixed sources of fossil fuels, coal, and biomass burning, and may pose potential carcinogenic risks to the population.

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Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 519-526, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960441

ABSTRACT

Background Air pollutants PM2.5 and its adsorbed metal elements are important factors affecting public health. Objective To explore the distribution characteristics and sources of metal elements in atmospheric PM2.5 in Lanzhou from 2019 to 2020, and to assess the health risks of metal elements to different groups of residents through inhalation. Methods From January 2019 to December 2020 in two districts of Lanzhou City (Chengguan District and Xigu District), regular PM2.5 and metal elements [antimony (Sb), aluminum (Al), arsenic (As), beryllium (Be), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), selenium (Se), and thallium (Tl)] were regularly monitored, and their concentrations were described by the median (M) and 25th and 75th percentiles (P25, P75) as not following a normal distribution (because the detection rates of the five elements Be, Cr, Hg, Ni, and Se were less than 70%, the five elements were not included in subsequent analysis), and then compared with the secondary concentration limits in the Ambient Air Quality Standards (GB 3095-2012). The differences between the medians of the two groups were compared by the Mann-Whitney U rank sum test, and the differences among the medians of multiple groups were compared by the Kruskal-Wallis H rank sum test; the enrichment factor (EF) method and principal component analysis were used to evaluate the pollution degree of the metals and their sources; the health risks of five non-carcinogenic metals (Sb, Al, Pb, Mn, and Tl) and two carcinogenic metals (As and Cd) in PM2.5 were evaluated by hazard index (HI) and hazard quotient (HQ) using the incremental lifetime cancer risk (LCR) model and the non-carcinogenic risk assessment model, respectively. Results The PM2.5 concentrations [M (P25, P75)] in Lanzhou City were 38.50 (26.00, 65.00) and 41.00 (29.00, 63.10) μg·m−3 in 2019 and 2020, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (Z=−0.989, P > 0.05). The average levels of the metal elements from high to low were: Al > Pb > Mn > As > Cd > Sb > Tl, and the annual average concentration of each metal element in 2019 was higher than that in 2020 (P<0.05). The M ( P25, P75) of PM2.5 concentrations in Chengguan and Xigu districts were 52.98 (17.00, 61.00) and 55.40 (17.00, 67.00) μg·m−3, respectively, with no statistically significant differences (P<0.05); the concentrations of Sb and Al in Chengguan District were lower than those in Xigu District (P<0.05), and the concentrations of other metal elements were not different between the two areas (P>0.05). There were seasonal differences in the concentrations of PM2.5 and seven metal elements in Lanzhou City (except PAl=0.007, the other Ps < 0.001). The results of the enrichment factor method showed that the EF values of the six metals (Sb, Al, As, Cd, Pb and Tl) were all greater than 1. Among them, except As, the EF values of other metal elements were all greater than 10, and the EF values of Al and Cd were both greater than 100. The results of principal component analysis showed that the variance contributions of the three principal components were 45.61%, 24.22%, and 14.42%, and the cumulative contribution reached 84.25%. The principal component 1 included Pb, As, Cd, and Sb, the principal component 2 included Al and Mn, and the principal component 3 contained Tl. The non-carcinogenic risks of the five metals were, in descending order, Al > Mn > Pb > Tl > Sb, among which the HQ values of the remaining four metals were less than 1 for adults and children, except the HQ value of Al for adults, which was greater than 1. The ILC values of carcinogenic metal As for adult males, adult females, and children were 2.68×10−5, 2.51×10−5, and 1.45×10−5, respectively; the ILC values of carcinogenic metal Cd for adult males, adult females, and children were 1.53×10−6, 1.43×10−6, and 8.26×10−7, respectively. Conclusion There is pollution of atmospheric PM2.5 and its adsorbed metal elements in Lanzhou. As and Cd elements may pose potential carcinogenic risks to the residents.

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Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 68-73, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932485

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of three-dimensional CT axial sequence assisted volumetric measurement (CTAS) in evaluating atrial septal defect (ASD).Methods:The patients with single secundum ASD who successfully underwent interventional therapy in Fuwai Hospital from January 2016 to December 2019 were retrospectively collected. The patients underwent coronary CT angiography (CTA) before and on the second day after closures, and DSA examinations during operation. A total of 52 cases met the inclusion conditions, among them, there were 37 patients with large defects which had deficient inferior rims ≤3 mm, and 15 patients with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension that occluded with fenestrated ASD occluder. The CT data of patients before and after operation were reconstructed by CTAS. Then the anatomical structure of ASD before the operation was evaluated, including the long diameter and short diameter of ASD, and the CT three-dimensional volume diameter of ASD was calculated by using the equivalent circle conversion formula of ellipse. The waist diameter of occluder and rims of the ASD were measured after occlusion on postoperative CT three-dimensional volume reconstruction images. Meanwhile, the deployed occluder waist dimension was measured in DSA examination during the operation by simulating the balloon measurement of ASD. Lastly, paired t-test and consistency analysis were carried out among the values of parameters. Results:Before operation, the equivalent circle diameter of ASD was (32.3±5.4) mm measured by CTAS. After ASD occlusion, the size of the waist dimension measured by DSA and CTAS were (32.5±4.9) mm and (32.6±4.9) mm. There were no significant differences between them ( P>0.05). There were also no significant differences for each rims of the ASD pre and post operation on CTAS except for the inferior rims and the total length of atrial septum in superior-inferior direction ( P>0.05). Conclusion:As an alternative to balloon sizing, CTAS can be used as a reference standard to conduct ASD interventional treatment.

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