Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 270
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937439

ABSTRACT

Background@#This study investigated the effect of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) on diabetes in a mouse model. @*Methods@#Autophagy in Akita mice and streptozocin (STZ)-induced diabetic C57BL/6 mice was determined by Western blots and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Western blots, IHC, hematoxylin and eosin staining, Masson staining, periodic acid-Schiff staining, and picrosirius red staining were conducted to detect whether autophagy and renal function improved in Akita mice and STZ-induced diabetic C57BL/6 mice after treatment of SCFAs. Western blots, IHC, and chromatin immunoprecipitation were performed to determine whether SCFAs affected diabetic mice via the histone deacetylase (HDAC2)/unc-51 like autophagy activating kinase 1 (ULK1) axis. Diabetic mice with kidney-specific knockout of HDAC2 were constructed, and IHC, Masson staining, and Western blots were carried out to detect whether the deletion of endogenous HDAC2 contributed to the improvement of autophagy and renal fibrosis in diabetic mice. @*Results@#Reduced autophagy and severe fibrosis were observed in Akita mice and STZ-induced diabetic C57BL/6 mice. Increased autophagy and reduced renal cell fibrosis were found in SCFA-treated Akita diabetic mice and STZ-induced diabetic C57BL/6 mice. Diabetic mice treated with SCFAs had lower HDAC2 expression and more enriched binding of ULK1 promoter sequences to H3K27Ac. Endogenous knockout of HDAC2 caused enhanced autophagy and decreased renal fibrosis in diabetic mice treated with SCFAs. @*Conclusion@#SCFAs enhanced autophagy of renal tubular cells and attenuated renal fibrosis in diabetic mice through the HDAC2/ULK1 axis.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 562-565, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924103

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore positive psychological wellbeing of outstanding impoverished college students, and to provide reference for targeted mental health education.@*Methods@#By using in depth interview, twenty two outstanding impoverished college students from an undergraduate university in Dongguan were recruited and interviewed during April to May 2021.@*Results@#Qualitative analysis showed 9 characteristics in positive psychological wellbeing among these outstanding impoverished college students:gratitude( n =20), independence( n =15), sincerity( n =13), hard working( n =12), friendliness( n =11), studious( n =11), self cognitive adjustment( n =11), self discipline( n =11) and persistence( n =11), among which gratitude and independence were the core attributes. Factors associated with these positive psychological wellbeing mainly included the following aspects:family related factors [family function( 72.7 %), family teaching(63.6%), family emotional support(59.1%), parental attention in education( 36.4 %)], and family function scored the highest; peer related factors [peer influence(45.5%) and peer emotional support( 45.5 %)]; and teacher related factors [teachers emotional support(40.9%) and teachers teaching(27.3%)]. In addition, other factors such as personal practical experience, national policy support and school atmosphere also had certain impacts.@*Conclusion@#Outstanding impoverished college students demonstrate positive psychological wellbeing. It should pay more attention to the positive psychological characteristics of impoverished college students, to explore factors associated with positive psychological qualities from various aspects, to pay attention to the role of social and emotional support, and to implement education to enhance positive psychological traits among impoverished college students.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923027

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the anti-hyperuricemia effects of Bixie deacidification fang on hyperuricemia mice and its mechanism of renal protein transport. Methods The effects of Bixie deacidification fang were investigated on hyperuricemia mice induced by potassium oxonate. Bixie deacidification fang was administered to hyperuricemia mice daily at doses of 220, 440 and 880 mg/kg for 10 days, and allopurinol (5mg/kg) was given as positive control. Serum and urine levels of uric acid and creatinine were determined by colorimetric method. Simultaneously, protein levels of urate transporter 1 (URAT1) and organic anion transporter 1 (OAT1) in the kidney were analyzed by Western blot. Results Compared with the model group, high-dose of Bixie deacidification fang inhibited xanthine oxidase (XOD) activities in serum (18.12±1.33 u/L) and that in liver (70.15±5.20 u/g protein) (P<0.05), decrease levels of serum uric acid (2.04 ± 0.64mg/L) (P<0.05) and serum creatinine (0.35±0.18µmol/L) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN)(8.83±0.71mmol/L) (P<0.05), ncreased levels of urine uric acid (38.34±8.23mg/L), urine creatinine (34.38±1.98mmol/L), down-regulated of URAT1 and up-regulated of OAT1 protein expressions (P<0.05) in the renal tissue of hyperuricemia mice. Conclusion Bixie deacidification fang recipe may promote the excretion of uric acid in the kidney by up-regulating the expression of OAT1 protein to promote the excretion of uric acid, and down-regulating the expression of URAT1 protein to inhibit the reabsorption of uric acid.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2224-2238, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929381

ABSTRACT

Although the functions of metabolic enzymes and nuclear receptors in controlling physiological homeostasis have been established, their crosstalk in modulating metabolic disease has not been explored. Genetic ablation of the xenobiotic-metabolizing cytochrome P450 enzyme CYP2E1 in mice markedly induced adipose browning and increased energy expenditure to improve obesity. CYP2E1 deficiency activated the expression of hepatic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) target genes, including fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 21, that upon release from the liver, enhanced adipose browning and energy expenditure to decrease obesity. Nineteen metabolites were increased in Cyp2e1-null mice as revealed by global untargeted metabolomics, among which four compounds, lysophosphatidylcholine and three polyunsaturated fatty acids were found to be directly metabolized by CYP2E1 and to serve as PPARα agonists, thus explaining how CYP2E1 deficiency causes hepatic PPARα activation through increasing cellular levels of endogenous PPARα agonists. Translationally, a CYP2E1 inhibitor was found to activate the PPARα-FGF21-beige adipose axis and decrease obesity in wild-type mice, but not in liver-specific Ppara-null mice. The present results establish a metabolic crosstalk between PPARα and CYP2E1 that supports the potential for a novel anti-obesity strategy of activating adipose tissue browning by targeting the CYP2E1 to modulate endogenous metabolites beyond its canonical role in xenobiotic-metabolism.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940219

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of Asari Radix et Rhizoma-Zingiberis Rhizoma herb pair (XGHP) on lung and liver lipid metabolism in rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). MethodForty SD male rats were divided into a normal group (10 rats) and a model group (30 rats). The method of cigarette smoke + tracheal injection of lipopolysaccharide(LPS) + cold stimulation was used to replicate COPD model with the syndrome of cold phlegm obstruction in lung. A COPD group, a XGHP group (5.4 g·kg-1·d-1), and an aminophylline group (0.5 g·kg-1·d-1) were established after successfully inducing the model, with 10 rats in each group. After treatment, the serum triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels of rats in each group were measured. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS) was used to detect the differential metabolites in the lung and liver tissues of rats in each group, and the relevant targets of the differential metabolites were predicted by network pharmacology. Molecular docking was used to verify the binding ability of key components in XGHP to the relevant targets in network pharmacology. The mRNA and protein expression levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) and fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) in lung and liver tissues of rats in each group were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blot. ResultXGHP significantly increased the levels of TG, TC, and LDL-C in serum (P<0.05), and decreased the level of HDL-C (P<0.05) in rats with COPD. GC-MS results showed that there were 8 lung differential metabolites and 17 liver differential metabolites in the COPD group and XGHP group. Network pharmacology predicted 59 common targets for the two differential metabolites, mainly enriched in the PPAR signaling pathway. Molecular docking results showed that the main components in XGHP were well combined with both PPARα and FABP4. Real-time PCR showed that XGHP effectively up-regulated the expression levels of PPARα and FABP4 mRNA (P<0.05), and Western blot showed that XGHP effectively up-regulated the expression levels of PPARα and FABP4 proteins (P<0.05) in lung and liver tissues of rats with COPD. ConclusionXGHP effectively improves the blood lipid levels of rats with COPD, which may be related to the increase of the expression levels of PPARα and FABP4 mRNA and proteins in the PPAR signaling pathway, thus regulating lung and liver lipid metabolism.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940122

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of Asari Radix et Rhizoma-Zingiberis Rhizoma herb pair (XGHP) on lung and liver lipid metabolism in rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). MethodForty SD male rats were divided into a normal group (10 rats) and a model group (30 rats). The method of cigarette smoke + tracheal injection of lipopolysaccharide(LPS) + cold stimulation was used to replicate COPD model with the syndrome of cold phlegm obstruction in lung. A COPD group, a XGHP group (5.4 g·kg-1·d-1), and an aminophylline group (0.5 g·kg-1·d-1) were established after successfully inducing the model, with 10 rats in each group. After treatment, the serum triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels of rats in each group were measured. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS) was used to detect the differential metabolites in the lung and liver tissues of rats in each group, and the relevant targets of the differential metabolites were predicted by network pharmacology. Molecular docking was used to verify the binding ability of key components in XGHP to the relevant targets in network pharmacology. The mRNA and protein expression levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) and fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) in lung and liver tissues of rats in each group were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blot. ResultXGHP significantly increased the levels of TG, TC, and LDL-C in serum (P<0.05), and decreased the level of HDL-C (P<0.05) in rats with COPD. GC-MS results showed that there were 8 lung differential metabolites and 17 liver differential metabolites in the COPD group and XGHP group. Network pharmacology predicted 59 common targets for the two differential metabolites, mainly enriched in the PPAR signaling pathway. Molecular docking results showed that the main components in XGHP were well combined with both PPARα and FABP4. Real-time PCR showed that XGHP effectively up-regulated the expression levels of PPARα and FABP4 mRNA (P<0.05), and Western blot showed that XGHP effectively up-regulated the expression levels of PPARα and FABP4 proteins (P<0.05) in lung and liver tissues of rats with COPD. ConclusionXGHP effectively improves the blood lipid levels of rats with COPD, which may be related to the increase of the expression levels of PPARα and FABP4 mRNA and proteins in the PPAR signaling pathway, thus regulating lung and liver lipid metabolism.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932777

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the relationship and the role of leptin in children with biliary atresia and hepatic fibrosis to provide a treatment basis for these patients.Methods:The clinical data of children with biliary atresia or congenital biliary dilatation (CBD) who underwent surgical treatment at the Department of General Surgery of Tianjin Children's Hospital from August 2019 to August 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Of 31 children included in this study, there were 14 males and 17 females, with age of 60 (30, 63) d. Children with biliary atresia served as the study group ( n=26) and children with CBD served as the control group ( n=5). Leptin protein, α-smooth muscleactin (α-SMA) and phosphorylation of extracellular-regulated protein kinase 1/2 (p-ERK1/2) in liver tissues were detectd by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The expression level of leptin mRNA in liver tissues were detected by quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Results:The average optical density values of leptin protein, α-SMA protein and p-ERK1/2 protein in the liver tissues of children in the study group were significantly higher than the control group ( P<0.05). The expression levels of leptin, α-SMA and p-ERK1/2 in liver tissues of children with biliary atresia significantly increased with increase in fibrosis degree ( P<0.05). The expression level of leptin in liver tissues of children with biliary atresia was positively correlated with the liver fibrosis grade ( rs=0.876), α-SMA ( r=0.723) and p-ERK1/2 ( r=0.725) ( P<0.01). The results of qRT-PCR showed that the content of leptin mRNA in liver tissues of children with biliary atresia was significantly higher than that of children with CBD ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Expressions of leptin increased with aggravation of degrees of hepatic fibrosis in biliary atresia. Leptin may be involved in activation of HSCs through the ERK1/2 signaling pathway in the process of hepatic fibrosis due to biliary atresia.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932327

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the curative effects of triplane intra-articular osteotomy in the treatment of malunion of calcaneal intra-articular fracture.Methods:The 16 patients were retrospectively analyzed who had been admitted to Foot and Ankle Surgery Department, Honghui Hospital from January 2016 to December 2019 for malunion of calcaneal intra-articular fracture. They were 12 males and 4 females, with an average age of 43.4 years (from 31 to 58 years). The left side was affected in 10 cases and the right side in 6 cases. All malunions were type Yu Ⅱ (compressed bone fragments on the posterior articular surface) and treated with triplane intra-articular osteotomy. The curative effects were assessed by comparing the radiological parameters, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Surgery Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, pain visual analog scale (VAS) and psychological and physical scores in Health Survey 12-item Short Form (SF-12) between preoperation and the final follow-up.Results:All the patients were followed up for 20 to 60 months (average, 42.9 months); the bone healing time was 10 to 14 weeks (average, 11.5 weeks). At the final follow-up, their B?hler angle (25.7°±2.3°), Gissane angle (117.1°±5.8°), Meary angle (2.9°±1.3°), talocalcaneal angle (31.3°±3.0°), hindfoot alignment angle (3.9°±1.8°), ankle height [(82.3±2.6) mm], calcaneus height [(56.9±2.4) mm], calcaneus width [(41.4±2.1) mm], AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score [(82.3±7.3) points], median VAS score [3 (2, 3) points], SF-12 psychological score [(46.6±3.6) points], and SF-12 physiological score [(43.6±3.5) points] were significantly improved than the preoperative values [8.4°±2.7°, 137.5°±9.3°, 8.3°±4.3°, 24.6°±3.7°, -4.6°±3.2°, (76.1±3.1) mm, (53.8±3.0) mm, (50.2±2.2) mm, (51.9±7.7) points, 6 (6, 7) points, (37.5±3.8) points, and (31.0±2.6) points] (all P<0.01) Conclusion:In the treatment of type Yu Ⅱ malunion of calcaneal intra-articular fracture, triplane osteotomy can anatomically reduce the bone fragments of collapsed posterior articular surface, reshape the normal anatomy of the calcaneus, and preserve the subtalar joint, leading to positive short- and mid-term follow-up effects.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928687

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the characteristics of gene mutation and overexpression in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) patients.@*METHODS@#Bone marrow cells from 208 NDMM patients were collected and analyzed. The gene mutation of 28 genes and overexpression of 6 genes was detected by DNA sequencing. Chromosome structure abnormalities were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).@*RESULTS@#Gene mutations were detected in 61 (29.33%) NDMM patients. Some mutations occurred in 5 or more cases, such as NRAS, PRDM1, FAM46C, MYC, CCND1, LTB, DIS3, KRAS, and CRBN. Overexpression of six genes (CCND1, CCND3, BCL-2, CCND2, FGFR3, and MYC) were detected in 83 (39.9%) patients, and cell cycle regulation gene was the most common. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) changes were detected in 169 (81.25%) patients, the TP53 P72R gene SNP (70.17%) was the most common. Abnormality in chromosome structure was correlated to gene overexpression. Compared to the patients with normal chromosome structure, patients with 14q32 deletion showed higher proportion of CCND1 overexpression. Similarly, patients with 13q14 deletion showed higher proportion of FGFR3 overexpression, whereas patients with 1q21 amplification showed higher proportion of CCND2, BCL-2 and FGFR3 overexpression.@*CONCLUSION@#There are multiple gene mutations and overexpression in NDMM. However, there is no dominated single mutation or overexpression of genes. The most common gene mutations are those in the RAS/MAPK pathway and the genes of cyclin family CCND are overexpression.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Aberrations , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Mutation
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928377

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the causative variants in 13 Chinese pedigrees affected with oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) so as to provide genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis to them.@*METHODS@#Thirteen unrelated pedigrees with clinically diagnosed OCA were collected and classified based on the manifestation of skin and eyes. With informed consent obtained from the participants, peripheral blood samples were collected from the probands and their family members for the extraction of genomic DNA. Candidate variants were screened by targeted capture and next generation sequencing, and the results were validated by Sanger sequencing. Prenatal diagnosis was provided to the families upon their subsequent pregnancies.@*RESULTS@#Causative variants were detected in all probands, including 10 with compound heterozygotes or homozygotes for TYR gene variants and 3 with compound heterozygotes for OCA2 gene variants. Among these, two variants [TYR: c.650G>C (p.Arg217Pro) and OCA2: c.516-2A>T] were unreported previously. The pathogenicity of the novel TYR: c.650G>C (p.Arg217Pro) variant was verified through bioinformatic analysis and prediction of three dimensional structure of the protein. Prenatal diagnosis was provided to 6 fetuses with a high risk for OCA. Four fetuses were found to be carriers, one did not carry the variants of the proband, and one was affected with OCA.@*CONCLUSION@#Identification of the pathogenic variants in the 13 probands, including 2 novel ones, has expanded the mutational spectrum of OCA and enabled genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for the families.


Subject(s)
Albinism, Oculocutaneous/genetics , China , Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Monophenol Monooxygenase/genetics , Mutation , Pedigree , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928205

ABSTRACT

Liposomes with precisely controlled composition are usually used as membrane model systems to investigate the fundamental interactions of membrane components under well-defined conditions. Hydration method is the most common method for liposome formation which is found to be influenced by composition of the medium. In this paper, the effects of small alcohol (ethanol) on the hydration of lipid molecules and the formation of liposomes were investigated, as well as its coexistence with sodium chloride. It was found that ethanol showed the opposite effect to that of sodium chloride on the hydration of lipid molecules and the formation of liposomes. The presence of ethanol promoted the formation of liposomes within a certain range of ethanol content, but that of sodium chloride suppressed the liposome formation. By investigating the fluorescence intensity and continuity of the swelled membranes as a function of contents of ethanol and sodium chloride, it was found that sodium chloride and ethanol showed the additive effect on the hydration of lipid molecules when they coexisted in the medium. The results may provide some reference for the efficient preparation of liposomes.


Subject(s)
Ethanol/pharmacology , Lipids , Liposomes
12.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 177-187, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927593

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to investigate the effect of voluntary wheel running exercise on depression-like behavior induced by chronic water immersion restraint stress (CWIRS) and the underlying mechanism. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats received CWIRS to induce depression-like behavior and 4-week voluntary wheel running exercise. Meanwhile, the rats were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or STAT3 over-expression vector (pcDNA-STAT3) by intracerebroventricular injection. Behavioral tests were used to detect depression-like behavior. ELISA assay was used to detect levels of various inflammatory factors in the rat hippocampus. Western blot was used to detect protein expression levels of ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule 1 (Iba1), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), arginase 1 (Arg1), phosphorylated STAT3 (p-STAT3) and total STAT3 (t-STAT3). The results showed that, compared with stress group, stress + exercise group exhibited improved depression-like behavior, decreased interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-6 levels, increased IL-4 and IL-10 levels, down-regulated Iba-1 and iNOS protein expression levels, up-regulated Arg1 protein expression level, and decreased p-STAT3/t-STAT3 ratio in hippocampal tissue. LPS reversed the improving effect of voluntary wheel running exercise on depression-like behavior in rats, and the over-expression of STAT3 reversed the promoting effects of voluntary wheel running on M2 polarization of microglial cells in rat hippocampus and depression-like behavior. These results suggest that voluntary wheel running ameliorates the depression-like behavior induced by CWIRS in rats, and the mechanism may be related to regulating hippocampal microglia polarization via STAT3 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Depression/etiology , Hippocampus/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/metabolism , Microglia/metabolism , Motor Activity , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927427

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the main factors affecting the positive results of acupuncture for chronic pain in English literature of randomized controlled trial (RCT), in order to provide reference for the design of acupuncture clinical research.@*METHODS@#The RCTs of acupuncture for chronic pain published before March 26, 2020 were searched in PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane Library by computer. A total of 21 factors were analyzed by single-factor analysis, and the factors with statistically significant difference were selected for multivariate Logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 69 RCTs were included, including 47 RCTs (68.12%) with positive results and 22 RCTs (31.88%) with non-positive results. The multivariate Logistic regression analysis was performed with the three screened factors (publication year, treatment frequency and intervention form) selected by single-factor analysis, and the results showed that the positive results were related to the frequency of acupuncture treatment. The positive rate of RCT with frequency≥2 times a week was 3.24 times of that with frequency<2 times a week (OR=3.24, 95%CI =[1.07,9.83], P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture frequency may be the main factor affecting the positive results of RCT in English literature of acupuncture for chronic pain. More researches are needed in the future to explore the influence of acupuncture frequency on the curative effect.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Chronic Pain/therapy , Humans , PubMed
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885873

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and analyze the clinical features, treatment methods and efficacy of patients with retinopathy associated with incontinentia pigmenti (IP).Methods:A retrospective case study. Twelve clinical confirmed IP patients (24 eyes) in Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2015 to December 2018 were included in this study. The best corrected visual acuity and intraocular pressure examination were performed in patients (>4 years old). All patients were examined on the anterior segment, vitreous body, and fundus under topical anesthesia or general anesthesia. Eight cases underwent genetic testing. Patients with active disease should be given anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drug treatment, retinal laser photocoagulation or vitrectomy, those without active disease should be observed. All patients were followed up for 1 to 3 months, with an average follow-up time of 18.7 months.Results:All patients were all female, with an average age of 6.3±9.8 years old at the first ophthalmology visit. According to the recommendations of the pediatrician, 3 cases were actively screened for ophthalmology (referrals), with an average age of 0.4±0.5 years (median age: 2 months). A total of 9 cases were not recommended for referrals (non-referrals), including 3 cases of ophthalmology who were diagnosed for the first time due to visual impairment, and 6 cases of undiagnosed IP before the ophthalmology visit, the average age of their first visit was 8.2±10.8 years (medium age: 3 years old). The age of the first visit for non-referred patients was larger than that of referrals, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-2.141, P=0.036). Among the 24 eyes of 12 cases, there were no obvious fundus abnormalities in 1 case or 2 eyes, 11 cases of IP-related retinopathy in 22 eyes (91.7%, 22/24), 8 cases of binocular asymmetry (66.7%, 8/12). There were active lesions on the fundus in 7 eyes (29.2%, 7/24). Patients underwent simple retinal laser photocoagulation and/or anti-VEGF drug therapy. During the follow-up, retinal neovascularization recurred in 1 eye. Among the 8 cases that underwent genetic testing, 3 cases (37.5%, 3/8) were deleted in exons 4-10 of the IKBKG gene. Conclusions:IP is more common in women. IP-associated retinopathy is noted with early-onset, asymmetrical retinopathy, which is identified with retinal neovascularization and vitreous proliferation. Early detection and timely treatment are essential.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884548

ABSTRACT

Objective:To preliminarily evaluate the efficacy and safety of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for pulmonary oligometastatic tumors from head and neck carcinoma.Methods:Clinical data of 24 patients with pulmonary oligometastasis from head and neck carcinoma undergoing SBRT in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital from January 2014 to May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Survival analysis was performed by Kaplan- Meier method. Results:Among the 24 patients, 12 cases were diagnosed with nasopharyngeal origin and 12 cases of non-nasopharyngeal origin. A total of 34 pulmonary metastatic lesions were treated with SBRT. The median follow-up time was 19.5 months. Thirteen cases developed new lesions after SBRT, and 9 of them occurred within 1 year after SBRT treatment. The actual 1-year local control rate was 95%. The median progression-free survival was 15.2 months, and the 1-and 2-year progression-free survival were 59% and 46%, respectively. The 2-and 3-years overall survival rate at were 71% and 51% fter lung metastasis, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that the patients with primary lesions located in nasopharynx and disease-free interval of more than 1 year had survival advantage. No more than grade 3 radiation-induced injury was observed in the whole cohort after SBRT, and the incidence of mild radiation-induced injury was 13%.Conclusions:SBRT is safe and effective in the treatment of pulmonary oligometastatsis from head and neck carcinoma, and it may be more effective for patients with primary tumors located in nasopharynx.

16.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 585-590, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912928

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of anaplastic lymphoma kinase-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (ALK-TKI) in treatment of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT).Methods:The clinicopathological data of one recurrent abdominal IMT patient in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University in 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinicopathological and molecular characteristics, ALK-TKI treatment efficacy and prognosis of 41 patients with IMT reported in the literature from January 2010 to August 2020 were systematically reviewed.Results:This patient with abdominal IMT in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University was a 27-year-old female who relapsed 2 months after surgery. Chemotherapy combined with bevacizumab was ineffective. After oral administration of crizotinib, the condition resolved after 1 month, and complete remission (CR) was achieved after 29 months. The median age of onset of 41 IMT cases reported in the literature was 22 years old (0-61 years old), of which 32 cases (78.0%) had multiple organ involvement, all of which had recurrence or metastasis. There were 38 cases of ALK mutation and 3 cases of TFG-ROS1 fusion gene-positive. Thirty-four patients treated with crizotinib in the first-line treatment of ALK-TKI, and the median resistance time of crizotinib was 8 months (2-48 months). The total clinical benefit rate of ALK-TKI was 85.3% (29/34), and 20 patients achieved CR. The median time for the first CR was 11 months (4-36 months), and the median duration time of medication for CR patients was 19.5 months (2-60 months). The median progression-free survival (PFS) time of 24 patients who underwent surgery and/or chemotherapy and radiotherapy was 4 months (1-45 months); after progression, ALK-TKI treatment was performed, and the median PFS time was 14 months (3-62 months).Conclusions:IMT is a true neoplasm with characteristics of recurrence and metastasis. Reasonable combination of ALK-TKI with surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy can improve the prognosis of IMT patients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1001-1008, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911827

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and neuroimaging characteristics and their associations with prognosis in cerebral amyloid angiopathy(CAA)-related inflammation (CAA-ri).Methods:Seventeen patients with CAA-ri, 59 patients with CAA-related intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and 15 patients with CAA-related cognitive decline were recruited from Huashan Hospital, Fudan University from November 2015 to May 2020 and the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China from January 2018 to May 2020. Vascular risk factors and imaging features of cerebral small vessel disease were compared among three groups. Clinical manifestations, CSF results, lesion features on magnetic resonance imaging, treatment options and follow-up data were collected in patients with CAA-ri. The good prognosis was defined by clinical and radiographic improvement with no disease recurrence. The associations between clinical characteristics and the immunosuppressive therapy or the good prognosis were analyzed by binary Logistic regression models.Results:Patients with CAA-ri showed earlier disease onset [(61.5±11.7) years vs (70.9±8.6) years, t=9.428, P=0.001] and more lobar cerebral microbleeds [69.0 (43.5, 134.3) vs 10.0 (5.0, 59.0), H=3.363, P=0.002] compared to patients with CAA-ICH, and higher prevalence of male (14/17 vs 6/15, χ2=6.099, P=0.014) and lower white matter hyperintensity Fazekas score [4.0 (2.0, 6.0) vs 6.0 (5.0, 6.0), H=2.461, P=0.042] compared to patients with CAA-related cognitive decline. In patients with CAA-ri, the immunosuppressive therapy was positively correlated with CSF protein>600 mg/L (odds ratio 16.50, 95% confidence interval 1.09-250.18, P=0.043), and during a follow-up of (3.0±1.9) years, the good prognosis was positively correlated with CSF protein<1 000 mg/L plus immunosuppressive therapy (odds ratio 20.00, 95% confidence interval 1.39-287.60, P=0.028). Conclusions:CAA-ri is a special subtype of CAA with earlier disease onset and higher prevalence of hemorrhagic imaging makers compared to CAA-ICH and CAA-related cognitive decline. CAA-ri patients with normal or slightly elevated CSF protein receiving immunosuppressive therapy are more likely to have good prognosis.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905188

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the long-term behavioral changes in movement, emotion, and learning and memory of newborn mice with hypoxic ischemic brain damage (HIBD). Methods:A total of 50 ten-day old newborn C57BL/6 mice were divided into control group (n = 20) and HIBD group (n = 30). The left common carotid artery was ligated in HIBD group and stayed in anoxic chamber for 45 minutes. All the mice were tested with suspension test, light/dark box test, elevated plus maze test, object recognition test and Y maze test two months after surgery. Results:There were 19 mice modeled successfully. Compared with the control group, the suspension test scores decreased (t = 2.785, P < 0.05); the time of latency of light/dark box test increased (t = -4.320, P < 0.001), the time and frequency in light box decreased (t > 2.603, P < 0.05); the time in open arm decreased (t = 4.576, P < 0.001) and the time in close arm increased (t = -3.287, P < 0.01) for the elevated plus maze test; the time nearing old object increased (t = -2.116, P < 0.05) and object recognition index decreased (t = 2.823, P < 0.05) for object recognition test; the time in the initial and novel arms decreased (t > 2.191, P < 0.05) for Y maze test in HIBD group. Conclusion:The long-term disorders of behavior may include disabilities of motor, learning and memory, and disorder of anxiety, in newborn mice with HIBD.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877663

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical effect of acupuncture for the improvements in various dyspeptic symptoms of postprandial distress syndrome.@*METHODS@#The secondary analysis on the data of a multi-center randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. 278 patients with postprandial distress syndrome were randomized into an acupuncture group (138 cases) and a sham-acupuncture group (140 cases). In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied to Baihui (GV 20), Danzhong (CV 17), Zhongwan (CV 12), Qihai (CV 6), Neiguan (PC 6), Zusanli (ST 36), etc. In the sham-acupuncture group, 6 sites, neither located on meridians nor belonged to meridian acupoints, were selected and punctured shallowly. The duration of treatment was 20 min each time, 3 times a week, for 4 weeks totally in the two groups. The follow-up visit lasted for 12 weeks. The scores of dyspeptic symptoms were compared between the two groups before treatment, during treatment (in week 1, 2, 3 and 4) and during follow-up (in week 8, 12 and 16) separately.@*RESULTS@#Besides the scores of early satiety and vomiting in the sham-acupuncture group in week 1, the scores of the other dyspepsia symptoms during treatment and follow-up were all reduced in the two groups as compared with those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture remarkably relieves postprandial fullness, early satiety, upper abdominal bloating and belching in patients with postprandial distress syndrome.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Dyspepsia/therapy , Humans , Meridians , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877614

ABSTRACT

Pilot study is essential prerequisite for large-scale research. Acupuncture is a complex intervention measure. The factors of its clinical effect and effect mechanism are complicated. Hence, the resource waste is easily induced in research if the large-scale clinical research is rashly carried out before scientific verification. Currently, there is still a lack of high-quality evidence of clinical research, which affects the promotion and application of the curative effect of acupuncture. The pilot study of acupuncture can evaluate the feasibility and the process coordination of trial, optimize program and process and provide the basis of sample size calculation prior to launching a full-scale trial. Thereby, the methodological quality of acupuncture research and the reliability of trial results can be improved. In the paper, the arguments focus on the definition, design and report of pilot study so as to provide the approaches and references for the design and implementation of pilot study of clinical research of acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Pilot Projects , Reproducibility of Results , Research Design , Treatment Outcome
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL