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1.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 753-759, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003623

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen potential metabolites and significantly altered metabolic pathways of liver lesions by central carbon pathway metabolites. Methods 32 healthy volunteers (HC), 23 patients with biliary cysts (CYST), 19 patients with biliary stones (Stone), 45 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and 50 patients with hilarcholangiocarcinoma (HCCA) were recruited. Their serum samples were collected for UPLC-QQQ-MS analysis and further MPP statistical analysis. Pattern recognition was further used to discovery the differences in metabolome between groups, and to explore the significantly altered metabolic pathway and possible pathogenic mechanism of liver diseases. Results A total of 15, 7, 7, and 3 metabolites and a total of 8, 4, 4, and 1 metabolic pathway that were significantly different in serum between CYST, Stone, HCC, HCCA and healthy controls were identified and enriched through serum metabolomics analysis, respectively. Conclusion According to the above identified differential metabolites and enriched metabolic pathway results, it is shown that liver lesions mainly involved in the energy metabolism and amino acid metabolism & transport, in addition, inositol phosphate metabolism were significantly changed both in CYST, Stone, HCC and HCCA.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2460-2463, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998315

ABSTRACT

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) has been recommended as a treatment method for cirrhotic portal hypertension in domestic and foreign guidelines, but there is still uncertainty in its therapeutic efficacy. More and more studies have shown that TIPS combined with collateral vessel embolization (TIPS+E) has certain advantages in the treatment of gastroesophageal variceal bleeding in liver cirrhosis. This article reviews the major studies on TIPS+E in China and globally, summarizes related recommendations in guidelines and the current status of clinical application, and proposes the issues that need to be solved, such as indication, hemodynamic criteria, and selection of materials for embolization, and large-sample multicenter randomized controlled trials are needed for further clarification.

3.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 960-967, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997687

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate predictive factors affecting the short-term efficacy of PD-1 inhibitors in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to construct a prediction model. Methods From October 2019 to November 2021, 221 patients with advanced NSCLC who met the inclusion criteria and were treated with PD-1 inhibitors were prospectively enrolled. Patients who were enrolled before May 1st, 2021 were included inthe modeling group (n=149), whereas those who enrolled thereafter were included in the validation group (n=72). The general clinical data of patients, information of the four TCM diagnoses were collected, and TCM syndrome elements were identified. R software version 4.0.4 was used in constructing a nomogram clinical prediction model of objective response rate. The predictive ability and discrimination of the model were evaluated and externally validated by using a validation group. Results After two to four cycles of PD-1 inhibitor therapy in 221 patients, the overall objective response rate was 44.80%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis of the modeling group showed that the TPS score (OR=0.261, P=0.001), number of treatment lines (OR=3.749, P=0.002), treatment mode (OR=2.796, P=0.019), qi deficiency disease syndrome elements (OR=2.296, P=0.043), and syndrome elements of yin deficiency disease (OR=3.228, P=0.005) were the independent predictors of the short-term efficacy of PD-1 inhibitors. Based on the above five independent predictors, a nomogram prediction model for the short-term efficacy of PD-1 inhibitors was constructed. The AUC values of the modeling and validation groups were 0.8317 and 0.7535, respectively. The calibration curves of the two groups showed good agreement between the predicted and true values. The mean absolute errors were 0.053 and 0.039, indicating that the model has good predictive performance. Conclusion The nomogram model constructed on the basis of the syndrome elements of Qi-deficiency disease and Yin-deficiency syndrome of TCM, as well as TPS score, number of treatment lines and treatment mode, is a stable and effective tool for predicting the short-term efficacy of PD-1 inhibitors in advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1396-1401, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996997

ABSTRACT

@# Objective     To analyze the risk factors for postoperative length of stay (PLOS) after mediastinal tumor resection by robot-assisted non-endotracheal intubation and to optimize the perioperative process. Methods    The clinical data of patients who underwent Da Vinci robot-assisted mediastinal tumor resection with non-endotracheal intubation at the Department of Thoracic Surgery, General Hospital of Northern Theater Command from 2016 to 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the median PLOS, the patients were divided into two groups. The univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze risk factors for prolonged PLOS (longer than median PLOS). Results    A total of 190 patients were enrolled, including 92 males and 98 females with a median age of 51.5 (41.0, 59.0) years. The median PLOS of all patients was 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) d. There were 71 patients in the PLOS>3 d group and 119 patients in the PLOS≤3 d group. Multivariate logistic regression showed that indwelled thoracic catheter [OR=11.852, 95%CI (2.384, 58.912), P=0.003], preoperative symptoms of muscle weakness [OR=4.814, 95%CI (1.337, 17.337), P=0.016] and postoperative visual analogue scale>5 points [OR=6.696, 95%CI (3.033, 14.783), P<0.001] were independent factors for prolonged PLOS. Totally no tube (TNT) allowed patients to be discharged on the first day after surgery. Conclusion    Robot-assisted mediastinal tumor resection with non-endotracheal intubation can promote rapid recovery. The methods of optimizing perioperative process are TNT, controlling muscle weakness symptoms and postoperative pain relief.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 672-677, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996480

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize the efficacy of robot-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) and video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in the treatment of left upper lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer. Methods    The clinical data of patients with non-small cell lung cancer who underwent left upper lobectomy with RATS or VATS in our center from January 2019 to October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups according to surgical methods: a RATS group and a VATS group. The baseline clinical data and results were compared between the two groups. Results    A total of 145 patients were included. There were 78 males and 67 females with a mean age of 59.9 years. There were 63 patients in the RATS group and 82 patients in the VATS group. There was no death within 30 days after operation in both groups. In the RATS group, the drainage volume on the second postoperative day (233.49±83.94 mL vs. 284.88±120.21 mL, P=0.003), total operative time (126.94±29.50 min vs. 181.59±61.51 min, P=0.000), intraoperative resection time of the left upper lobe (76.48±27.52 min vs. 107.23±47.84 min, P=0.000), intraoperative blood loss (P=0.000), and conversion rate to thoracotomy (P=0.018) were significantly better than those in the VATS group. The group (5.41±0.94 groups vs. 4.83±1.31 groups, P=0.002) and number (18.27±7.39 vs. 12.76±6.54, P=0.000) of dissected lymph nodes in the RATS group were significantly more than those in the VATS group. The differences in the drainage volume on the first day after operation, postoperative intubation time, postoperative hospital stay or postoperative complications between the two groups were not statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusion    The application of RATS in the left upper lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer is safe and feasible, and has obvious advantages over VATS.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 87-92, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996040

ABSTRACT

As the major means of outpatient payment for basic medical insurance (the insurance for short) relies on fee-for-service, it tends to encourage unreasonable growth of medical expenses. Based on the principal-agent theory, this paper analyzed the principal-agent relationship between the insurance handling agencies and the hospitals designated by the insurance, and constructed a benefit game model of outpatient payment methods and the supporting supervision game model. This practice aims to explore the optimal and balanced benefit of the insurance payment methods and supporting supervision mechanism, and provide decision support for promoting the reform of medical insurance outpatient payment in China. The analysis results of the benefit game model of payment methods showed that a system mixing the post-payment and pre-payment could optimize and maximize the total benefits and interests of all the stakeholders within the system. Specifically, the practice recommended was a mixed payment integrating ambulatory-payment-classification, fee-for-service and global-budget-payment. The analysis of the supporting regulatory game model found that the factors that must be considered to ensure the expected utility of the above mixed payment mode as follows: the gap between the unreasonable income obtained by the hospital by out-of-control charging and the reward obtained by under-control charging, the size of the penalty after the unreasonable income of the hospital was discovered, the size of the regulatory cost and the loss of benefits of the government and the insured group. It is suggested to adopt the mixed payment method mainly based on the ambulatory-payment-classification supported by fee-for-service and global-budget. At the same time, medical insurance agencies can improve their supervision mechanism from such aspects as perfecting penalties, reducing supervision costs, leveraging government administrative power and advocating public supervision.

7.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 509-516, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995318

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of protein phosphatase 4 catalytic subunit (PP4C) in regulating hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) levels and its effects on the biological functions of HBx, thus to provide a potential therapeutic targets for hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods:In vivo and in vitro interactions between HBx and PP4C were analyzed by co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) and GST pull-down assay. Recombinant plasmids of PP4C and HBx were co-transfected with Lipofectamine 3000 reagents into hepatoma cells to detect the protein levels of HBx by Western blot. The half-life of HBx in the transfected cells treated with cycloheximide (CHX) were detected. The phosphorylation assay was used to evaluate the effects of PP4C on HBx phosphorylation. CCK8 assay, wound healing assay and Matrigel invasion chamber assay were used to analyze the effects of PP4C on the biological functions of HBx. Results:PP4C interacted with HBx in vivo and in vitro. PP4C overexpression significantly increased the protein level and stability of HBx and the phosphorylation assay confirmed that PP4C overexpression decreased the serine phosphorylation of HBx in hepatoma cells. PP4C overexpression enhanced the migration and invasion of hepatoma cells, but had no significant effects on the proliferation. Conclusions:The interactions between HBx and PP4C promoted the stability of HBx and ultimately enhanced the migration and invasion of hepatoma cells, and the mechanisms might be related to the decrease of HBx serine phosphorylation by PP4C. This study provided a theoretical basis for further investigation of the pathogenic mechanisms of HBx, and targeting PP4C and HBx interaction might provide insights for developing novel treatment for HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma.

8.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 94-100, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994805

ABSTRACT

Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a sleep breathing disorder caused by obstruction of the upper airway during sleep from various causes. At present, the diagnosis and treatment of OSAHS are insufficient. OSAHS causes cognitive decline due to excessive oxidative stress and inflammatory response caused by sleep breathing disorder, and its alteration of the brain gray matter area may be related to cognitive dysfunction. This review investigates the correlation between cognitive dysfunction and brain gray matter areas changes in OSAHS, and elucidates the underlying mechanisms, which provide a theoretical basis for early clinical diagnosis and treatment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 93-104, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971184

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Radiotherapy is one of the most common treatments for lung cancer, and about 40%-50% of patients after radiotherapy will appear uncontrolled or recurrence in the case of local tumors. Radioresistance is the predominant cause of local therapeutic failure. Nevertheless, the lack of in vitro radioresistance models is an influential factor obstructing the study of its mechanism. Therefore, the establishment of radioresistant cell lines, H1975DR and H1299DR, was beneficial to explore the mechanism of radioresistance in lung adenocarcinoma.@*METHODS@#The radioresistant cell lines of H1975DR and H1299DR were obtained from H1975 and H1299 cells irradiated with equal doses of X-rays; Clonogenic assays were performed to compare the clone-forming ability of H1975 vs H1975DR cells, H1299 vs H1299DR cells, then fitting cell survival curve by linear quadratic model; The comet assay was employed to examine DNA damage repair and calculate the percentage of DNA tails; The optical microscopy, CCK-8, flow cytometry, Transwell invasion assays were used to compare biological characteristics such as cell morphology, cell proliferation, apoptosis level, cycle distribution, cell migration and invasion; Western blot was carried out to measure the protein expression of DNA damage repair factors, such as DNA-PKcs, 53BP1, RAD51, and p-ATM.@*RESULTS@#After five months of continuous irradiation and stable culture, radioresistant cell lines H1975DR and H1299DR were obtained. The cell proliferation activity, clone formation ability and DNA damage repair ability of the two radioresistant cell lines were significantly improved under X-ray irradiation. The proportion of the G2/M phase was markedly decreased and the proportion of the G0/G1 phase was increased. Cell migration and invasion ability were significantly enhanced. Relative expression levels of p-DNA-PKcs (Ser2056), 53BP1 in the nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) repair pathway and p-ATM (Ser1981), RAD51 in the homologous recombination (HR) repair pathway were higher than those in H1975 and H1299.@*CONCLUSIONS@#H1975 and H1299 cell lines can be able to differentiate into lung adenocarcinoma radioresistant cell lines H1975DR and H1299DR by equal dose fractional irradiation, which provided an in vitro cytological model for the study of radiotherapy resistance mechanism of lung cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Adenocarcinoma of Lung , Apoptosis , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation
10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1102-1109, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987027

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the variations in the expression of voltage-gated sodium (Nav) channel subunits during development of rat cerebellar Purkinje neurons and their correlation with maturation of electrophysiological characteristics of the neurons.@*METHODS@#We observed the changes in the expression levels of NaV1.1, 1.2, 1.3 and 1.6 during the development of Purkinje neurons using immunohistochemistry in neonatal (5-7 days after birth), juvenile (12-14 days), adolescent (21-24 days), and adult (42-60 days) SD rats. Using whole-cell patch-clamp technique, we recorded the spontaneous electrical activity of the neurons in ex vivo brain slices of rats of different ages to analyze the changes of electrophysiological characteristics of these neurons during development.@*RESULTS@#The expression of NaV subunits in rat cerebellar Purkinje neurons showed significant variations during development. NaV1.1 subunit was highly expressed throughout the developmental stages and increased progressively with age (P < 0.05). NaV1.2 expression was not detected in the neurons in any of the developmental stages (P > 0.05). The expression level of NaV1.3 decreased with development and became undetectable after adolescence (P < 0.05). NaV1.6 expression was not detected during infancy, but increased with further development (P < 0.05). NaV1.1 and NaV1.3 were mainly expressed in the early stages of development. With the maturation of the rats, NaV1.3 expression disappeared and NaV1.6 expression increased in the neurons. NaV1.1 and NaV1.6 were mainly expressed after adolescence. The total NaV protein level increased gradually with development (P < 0.05) and tended to stabilize after adolescence. The spontaneous frequency and excitability of the Purkinje neurons increased gradually with development and reached the mature levels in adolescence. The developmental expression of NaV subunits was positively correlated with discharge frequency (r=0.9942, P < 0.05) and negatively correlated with the excitatory threshold of the neurons (r=0.9891, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The changes in the expression levels of NaV subunits are correlated with the maturation of high frequency electrophysiological properties of the neurons, suggesting thatmature NaV subunit expressions is the basis of maturation of electrophysiological characteristics of the neurons.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Purkinje Cells/physiology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Neurons , Brain , Sodium/metabolism
11.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 483-489, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986220

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct a nomogram prediction model for the treatment effect of anlotinib with the participation of traditional Chinese medicine syndrome elements on the patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) who previously received multiple lines of chemotherapy. Methods The clinical data of 127 patients with ES-SCLC who received at least two cycles of anlotinib treatment were retrospectively studied. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the relationship between each factor and the overall survival time. Cox regression analysis was applied to screen the independent influencing factors of the prognosis of patients with ES-SCLC. R language was employed to build a nomogram prediction model, C-index was used to evaluate the model, and calibration curve was adopted to verify the accuracy of the model. Results Age, PS score, brain metastases, qi deficiency syndrome, yin deficiency syndrome, and blood stasis syndrome were related risk factors for ES-SCLC treated with anlotinib. PS score, brain metastasis, and blood stasis syndrome were independent prognostic factors. On the basis of these three independent influencing factors, a nomogram model was established to predict the prognosis of patients with ES-SCLC treated with anlotinib. The predicted risk was close to the actual risk, showing a high degree of coincidence. Conclusion The nomogram model established with PS score, blood stasis syndrome elements, and brain metastasis as independent factors can predict the prognosis of patients with ES-SCLC receiving second- and third-line treatment of anlotinib.

12.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 549-552, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990559

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy is a common chronic neurological disease, and its comorbidity has attracted more attention.The proportion of epileptic children with mental disorders is also increasing year by year.Among them, children with epilepsy have more depression and anxiety disorders.Repeated seizures can easily cause depression and anxiety, and depression and anxiety can also induce epilepsy, thus the two affect each other.The assessment, screening, diagnosis and intervention of comorbid depression and anxiety in children with epilepsy have become an important part of clinical practice.This review summarized the relationship between epilepsy and depression and anxiety disorders in children, and its research progress on pathogenesis, clinical diagnosis, evaluation and treatment.

13.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1294-1300, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990333

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the intervention effect of Shumu Peitu herb-partitioned moxibustion on clinical signs and symptoms and negative emotions of diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) patients with liver-stagnation and spleen-deficiency pattern.Methods:A total of 72 patients with IBS-D of liver-stagnation and spleen-deficiency pattern treated in the Department of Gastroenterology of Nanjing Vniversity of Chinese Medicine from September 2021 to June 2022 were selected for randomized controlled trial. The patients were randomly divided into the observation group (2 cases dropped off, 34 cases in total) and control group (1 case dropped off, 35 cases in total) by random number table method. The patients in control group were treated with Tongxieyaofang (TXYF). The patients in observation group were treated with oral administration of TXYF and Shumu Peitu herb-partitioned moxibustion, and both groups were treated for 4 weeks. The clinical efficacy, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndrome integral, IBS Quality of Life Questionnaire (IBS-QOL), IBS Symptom Severity Scale (IBS-SSS), Bristol Stool Form Scale and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were compared before and after treatment.Results:After treatment, the total effective rate of the observation group was 94.12%(32/34), which was higher than the 71.43%(25/35) in the control group, the difference was significant ( χ2 = 6.18, P<0.05). After treatment, the TCM syndrome integral in the observation group was (7.62 ± 4.08), which was lower than the (9.89 ± 4.71) in the control group, the difference was significant ( t = 2.14, P<0.05). After treatment of 3 days, the scores of quality of life in the five dimensions of dysthymia, behavior disorder, health worry, avoidance of eating and social function in the observation group were (82.44 ± 11.46), (80.25 ± 11.67), (76.23 ± 12.67), (59.80 ± 15.14) and (79.23 ± 11.59) points, which were different with the (73.57 ± 12.39), (72.35 ± 15.48), (69.76 ± 13.11), (50.00 ± 16.17) and (73.04 ± 13.11) points in the control group, the difference were significant ( t values were -3.09 - -2.08, all P<0.05). Three days after treatment, the score of IBS-SSS and Bristol fecal character in the observation group were (118.24 ± 40.64) and (5.09 ± 0.62) points, which were lower than the (146.86 ± 60.09) and (5.51 ± 0.66) points in the control group, the difference were significant ( t = 2.31 and 2.76, both P<0.05). After treatment, the score of HADS-A and HADS-D in the observation group were (6.26 ± 1.75) and (5.29 ± 1.47), which were different with the (7.26 ± 2.19) and (6.17 ± 2.11) in the control group, the difference were significant ( t = 2.08 and 2.00, both P<0.05). Conclusions:Shumu Peitu herb-partitioned moxibustion can effectively improve IBS-D patients with liver-stagnation and spleen-deficiency pattern, relieve clinical symptoms, reduce negative emotions, and improve quality of life.

14.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 175-181, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of pre-hospital health education based on "Internet +" on self-management efficacy, anxiety and depression of patients undergoing pulmonary tumor surgery, and provide reference for pre-hospital nursing care of this group.Methods:It was a randomized controlled trial. A total of 100 outpatients in Department of Pulmonary Oncology, Tumor Hospital of Tianjin Medical University to be hospitalized for surgery during November 2021 to March 2022, were divided into experimental group ( n=50) and control group ( n=50) by random number method according to the order of outpatient visits. Patients in control group received routine thoracic surgery nursing and health education after admission. Those in experimental group received "Internet +" pre-hospital health education during patients waiting for hospital beds for surgery, nursing care after admission was the same as that of the control group. The scores of Strategies Used by People to Promote Health (SUPPH) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Score (HADS) were compared between the two groups 1 day before discharge. Results:At the time of outpatient visit, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the comparison of all dimensions and total scores of SUPPH and the score of HADS ( P>0.05). Total SUPPH score, and self-decompression, self-decision and positive attitude score of experimental group were (110.62 ± 17.73) points, (38.74 ± 6.56) points, (11.98 ± 2.20) points, (59.90 ± 10.18) points, respectively, while in the control group, the scores were (92.86 ± 18.91) points, (32.46 ± 7.39) points, (9.76 ± 2.00) points and (50.64 ± 11.50) points, respectively, with statistically significant differences ( t values were -5.29--4.27, all P<0.01). Besides, the anxiety and depression scores of HADS in experimental group were (3.92 ± 2.25) points and (3.36 ± 2.38) points, respectively, while those in control group were (7.12 ± 3.49) points and (7.00 ± 3.53) points, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=5.45, 6.04, both P<0.01). Conclusions:The "Internet +" pre-hospital health education model can promote the self-management efficacy of patients undergoing pulmonary tumor surgery, and improve their psychological state during treatment. The study provided reference for promoting diversified extended nursing services in clinical practice.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 531-536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965772

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the differences and correlations between different types of anisometropia, binocular visual acuity and biological parameters in school-age children.METHODS: A total of 128 school-age children(6-12 years)with mild-to-moderate anisometropia were retrospectively analyzed. Subjects were divided into five groups according to anisometropia type. All participants underwent cycloplegic refraction, A-scan ultrasound biometry, and corneal topography. Refractive status, best-corrected visual acuity(BCVA), anterior chamber depth(ACD), lens thickness(LT), vitreous chamber depth(VCD), axial length(AL), corneal radius(CR), and ratio of AL and CR(AL/CR)were recorded. Kruskal-Wallis and Spearman rank correlation tests were then used for statistical analysis.RESULTS: Hyperopic anisometropia had the greatest binocular vision difference(0.14±0.20). Myopic anisometropia had the greatest asymmetry in AL and VCD(0.56±0.41 and 0.56±0.39 mm, respectively). Anisometropia was positively correlated with BCVA, VCD, AL, and AL/CR(r=0.266, 0.379, 0.350, 0.263, respectively; P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05), and it was not significantly correlated with LT and CR(r=-0.019,-0.069, respectively; P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05), while no parameters had a statistically significant correlation with anisometropia in each group.CONCLUSION: School-age children with hyperopic anisometropia showed the greatest difference of binocular acuity in the four types of anisometropia. The inter-ocular differences of biometric parameters in simple hyperopic or myopic anisometropia were mainly attributed to the asymmetry of VCD and AL, while the differences in ocular parameters were not statistically significant in school-age children with astigmatic anisometropia.

16.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1486-1489, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954777

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mutational loci associated with the occurrence of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).Methods:Six children with DCM and 3 healthy children were recruited through the " Children DCM Susceptibility Gene Research Project" for a prospective study from December 2019 to June 2021.Six patients were aged from 4 months to 14 years, including 5 girls and 1 boy.Three healthy children were aged between 3-13 years, including 2 girls and 1 boy.Whole exome sequencing was performed on the research subjects, and the pathogenic genes were identified by bioinformatics methods.At the same time, the venous blood of the first-degree relatives of the corresponding children was collected, and the region with gene mutations was subjected to next-generation sequencing.Results:A total of 4 mutational loci that might be related to DCM were identified.Case 1 was found to have a c. 2011-3C>G mutation in the jounctophiilin-2 ( JPH2) gene.The c.2011-3C>G mutation was homozygous (GG) in the child, but heterozygous (CG) in the parents.This child also had a c.G49415A mutation in the titin ( TTN) gene.This c.G49415A mutation was homozygous (AA) in the child, but heterozygous (GA) in the parents.Case 4 was found to have a c.G23033A mutation in the TTN gene.The c.G23033A mutation was heterozygous (GA) in both the subject and the father, but a wild type (GG) in the mother.Case 5 was found to have a c.16975_16978del mutation in the TTN gene.The c.16975_16978del mutation was heterozygous (TCTTC/T) in the child and the father, but a wild type (TCTTC/TCTTC) in the mother. Conclusions:A total of 4 pathogenic gene loci related to the pathogenesis of DCM are identified in this study.The finding enriches the DCM disease gene spectrum and provides targets for the implementation of precision medicine.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 42-46, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934560

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the reform actions on raising the appropriateness of inpatient care use, as well as the current situation, so as to provide suggestions on improving the appropriateness.Methods:Policies and literatures on the appropriateness of inpatient care use released from 2009 to 2021 were collected from such official websites as the State Council and China National Health Commission as well as literature databases from home and abroad, for a text analysis. Based on the data of China Health Statistics Yearbook(2010-2021) and The Sixth National Health Service Survey Report (2018), descriptive methods were adopted to analyze the situation of inpatient care use in China. Results:Since the new healthcare reform, the Chinese government had standardized the hospitalization standards and procedures to minimize inappropriate use of inpatient care, increased financial subsidies for public hospitals to minimize their inappropriate patient attraction merely for economic interests, and reformed the medical insurance payment methods so as to regulate physicians′ behavior. Under the influence of the above policies, the average length of stay decreased from 10.5 days in 2009 to 9.1 days in 2019, with an average annual growth rate of -1.42%. The average waiting time in hospitals decreased from 3.6 days in 2008 to 1.5 days in 2018.From 2012 to 2019, the admission rate increased from 13.2% to 19.0%.Conclusions:Since the new healthcare reform, the average length of stay in China has decreased year by year, but the admission rate has increased year by year. Therefore, it is necessary to further reduce the inappropriate utilization of inpatient care use by speeding up the construction of the close-type medical alliances, improving the reform of payment methods, refining the performance appraisal standards for medical staff and strengthening supervision mechanism.

18.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 754-758, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989510

ABSTRACT

The prognosis of elderly patients with cervical cancer is poor. Currently, some studies show that elderly women still need regular screening for cervical cancer, and clinical screening methods with higher sensitivity for elderly women need to be explored. In terms of treatment, fewer elderly patients choose surgery, and radiotherapy is the most commonly used treatment. However, there is still no conclusion on whether chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunological therapy should be added during radiotherapy.

19.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 308-312, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932931

ABSTRACT

Chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) therapy, a novel immunotherapy, shows great potential in the treatment of hematological tumors to conventional therapies. Great progress has been made over the past few decades in the treatment of relapsed/refractory acute/chronic lymphocytic leukemia. However, due to the lack of real-time monitoring methods, it is impossible to predict and assess the therapeutic effect during the treatment of blood tumors, and we cannot learn more about the complications and risks. Many challenges exist in the clinical transformation of CAR-T therapy. As a non-invasive method, molecular imaging shows promise on real-time visualization of the biological behavior of CAR-T in vivo. Tracking CAR-T by directly labeling or indirectly evaluation by reporter gene methods has achieved breakthroughs. This article reviews the current situation of monitoring systems of CAR-T therapy and future expectations for each of the methods presented.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 335-342, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932607

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the protective effect of intermittent fasting on radiation-induced cognitive impairment and the possible underlying mechanism.Methods:A total of 36 male 7-week old c57BL/6J mice were divided into Sham-irradiation and ad libitum (Sham-AL) group, irradiation and ad libitum (IR-AL) group, and irradiation add intermittent fasting (IR-IF) group according to the random number table method, with 12 mice in each group. The cognitive function of mice was assessed by novel object recognition task. The expressions of autophagy gene 5 (ATG5), microtubulesas sociated protein light chain II (LC3II), voltage dependent anion channel protein 1 (VDAC1), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), synaptophysin (SYP), synapsin I (SYN-1), and postsynaptic density 95 (PSD95) were tested by Western blot. The location of VDAC1 in mice hippocampus was detected by immunofluorescence.Results:The discrimination index (-22.45 ± 16.76) of IR-AL group was significantly ( t=3.032, P<0.05) lower than that of Sham-AL group (30.02 ± 9.05). Compared to Sham-AL group, IR-AL group had a decreased expressions of autophagy-related proteins (ATG5 and LC3II), mitochondrial marker (VDAC1), inflammatory factors (IL-1β) as well as synapse-associated proteins SYP, SYN-1 and PSD95 ( t=2.49, 2.19, 2.40, 3.47, 2.87, 2.25, 2.17, 2.31, P<0.05). Compared to IR-AL group, IR-IF group had an increased discrimination index (21.22 ± 5.62) and the increased expressions of ATG5, LC3II, VDAC1, IL-1β, SYP, SYN-1, and PSD95 ( t=2.70, 2.88, 2.71, 3.18, 3.18, 3.11, 3.30, 3.35, 2.53, P<0.05). The immunofluorescence assay revealed that VDAC1 was co-expressed with the markers of astrocytes (GFAP) and microglia (IBA-1), but not with neurons (NEUN). Conclusions:Intermittent fasting could greatly improve the cognitive function of irradiated mice possibly by upregulating VDAC1 expression, induce autophagy, and inhibit the release of inflammatory factors and protecting the synapticplasticity in the hippocampus.

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