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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3066-3073, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981437

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect of Wenyang Zhenshuai Granules(WYZSG) on autophagy and apoptosis of myocardial cells in rats with sepsis via regulating the expression of microRNA-132-3p(miR-132-3p)/uncoupling protein 2(UCP2). Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into modeling group(n=50) and sham operation group(n=10). The sepsis rat model was constructed by cecal ligation and perforation in the modeling group. The successfully modeled rats were randomly divided into WYZSG low-, medium-and high-dose groups, model group and positive control group. Rats in the sham operation group underwent opening and cecum division but without perforation and ligation. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes of rat myocardial tissue. Myocardial cell apoptosis was detected by TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling(TUNEL) assay. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR) was performed to detect the expression of miR-132-3p and the mRNA expressions of UCP2, microtubule-associated protein light chain 3(LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ), Beclin-1 and caspase-3 in rat myocardial tissue. The protein expressions of UCP2, LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ, Beclin-1 and caspase-3 in myocardial tissue were detected by Western blot. Dual luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the regulatory relationship between miR-132-3p and UCP2. The myocardial fibers of sepsis model rats were disordered, and there were obvious inflammatory cell infiltration as well as myocardial cell edema and necrosis. With the increase of the WYZSG dose, the histopathological changes of myocardium were improved to varying degrees. Compared with the conditions in the sham operation group, the survival rate and left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) of rats in the model group, positive control group and WYZSG low-, medium-and high-dose groups were decreased, and the myocardial injury score and apoptosis rate were increased. Compared with the model group, the positive control group and WYZSG low-, medium-and high-dose groups had elevated survival rate and LVEF, and lowered myocardial injury score and apoptosis rate. The expression of miR-132-3p and the mRNA and protein expressions of UCP2 in myocardial tissue in the model group, positive control group and WYZSG low-, medium-and high-dose groups were lower, while the mRNA and protein expressions of LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ, Beclin-1 and caspase-3 were higher than those in the sham operation group. Compared with model group, the positive control group and the WYZSG low-, medium-and high-dose groups had an up-regulation in the expression of miR-132-3p and the mRNA and protein expressions of UCP2, while a down-regulation in the mRNA and protein expressions of LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ, Beclin-1 and caspase-3. WYZSG inhibited excessive autophagy and apoptosis of myocardial cells in septic rats and improved myocardial injury, possibly by regulating the expression of miR-132-3p/UCP2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Caspase 3 , Beclin-1/genetics , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Apoptosis/genetics , Autophagy/genetics , Heart Injuries , MicroRNAs/genetics
2.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 26-32, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988949

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mutation of proviral integration site for Moloney murine leukemia virus 1 (PIM1) in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and its clinical significance.Methods:Paraffin-embedded tissues of 38 DLBCL patients surgically resected at Shiyan Taihe Hospital from January 2016 to March 2022 were collected. The mutation of PIM1 gene was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-Sanger sequencing. The DLBCL-related DUKE, DFCI and TCGA datasets in the cBioPortal database were screened to collect information on PIM1 gene mutation and expression and clinical prognosis. Patients were divided into PIM1 mutation-positive group and PIM1 mutation-negative group, and the differences in clinicopathological characteristics, tumor mutational burden (TMB), microsatellite instability (MSI) levels and overall survival (OS) between the two groups were compared. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, and univariate and multivariate survival analyses were performed using Cox proportional hazards model.Results:The PIM1 mutation rates of DLBCL patients in DUKE, DFCI, TCGA datasets and Shiyan Taihe Hosipital were 14.3% (96/673), 26.3% (26/99), 19.5%(8/41) and 28.9% (11/38), respectively, in which mutation site and mutation form were more commonly found in exon 4 and missense mutations. There were statistical differences in the PIM1 mutation rate among DLBCL patients with different age (DUKE dataset) and cell of origin (COO) classification (DFCI dataset) ( χ2 values were 8.22 and 4.40, both P<0.05). Compared with PIM1 mutation-negative group, the PIM1 mutation-positive group had a higher TMB in DUKE, DFCI and TCGA datasets (all P<0.05). In DUKE and DFCI datasets, the OS of PIM1 mutation-positive group was worse than that of PIM1 mutation-negative group (both P<0.05), and multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that PIM1 gene mutation-positive was an adverse prognostic factor of OS (DUKE dataset: HR = 1.661, 95% CI 1.151-2.396, P = 0.007; DFCI dataset: HR = 2.074, 95% CI 1.031-4.172, P =0.041). Conclusions:PIM1 gene mutation may be related to the poor prognosis of DLBCL patients.

3.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E268-E275, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987946

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of miR-199a-3p in osteoblast proliferation induced by fluid shear stress (FSS) and the potential molecular mechanism. Methods Osteoblast MC3T3-E1 was treated with 1. 2 Pa FSS with time gradients of 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 75 and 90 min, respectively. MC3T3-E1 cells were transfected with miR-199a-3p mimic or miR-199a-3p inhibitor. MC3T3-E1 cells were transfected with miR-199a-3p mimic and itsnegative control and then treated with 1. 2 Pa FSS for 45 min. The pc DNA NC, pc DNA-CABLES -1, si RNA NC and si RNA CABLES-1 were transfected into MC3T3-E1 cells. The pc DNA-CABLES-1 and mir-199a-3p mimic and SI NA-cables-1 and miR-199a-3p inhibitor were co-transfected, respectively. Cell activity was detected by CCK-8 assay. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to detect expression levels of CABLES-1, miR-199a-3p, CDK 6, Cyclin D1 and PCNA. Luciferase reporting assay was used to detect targeting relationship between CABLES-1 and miR-199a-3p. Immunofluorescence was used to detect protein expression of CABLES-1.Western blot was used to detect protein expression of CABLES-1, CDK 6, PCNA and Cyclin D1. Results Mir- 199a-3p in MC3T3-E1 cells was significantly down-regulated by FSS. Over-expressed miR-199a-3p inhibitedosteoblast proliferation, and down-regulated miR-199a-3p expression promoted osteoblast proliferation. miR-199a- 3p could reverse the FSS-induced proliferation in osteoblasts. Dual luciferase assay showed that miR-199a-3p targeted to CABLES-1 and over-expressed miR-199a-3p inhibited expression of CBALES-1 protein. CABLES-1 could promote proliferation of osteoblasts. miR-199a-3p inhibited osteoblast proliferation induced by FSS through CABLES-1. Conclusions FSS-induced osteoblast proliferation can be realized by down-regulated miR-199a-3p expression via targeting CABLES-1. The findings in this study provide new direction for researches on mechanism of FSS-induced osteoblast proliferation, as well as new ideas for future research on clinical application of mechanical loading in the treatment of bone and joint diseases.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 919-927, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978745

ABSTRACT

This study explored the effects of propofol on the activity of glutamatergic neurons in the paraventricular thalamus (PVT) and the underlying mechanisms at the molecular level using whole-cell patch-clamp techniques. Acute brain slices containing the PVT were obtained from 8 weeks old C57BL/6J mice. The electrophysiological characteristics of PVT neurons were recorded in current-clamp mode, then single-cell sequencing was used to identify neuronal types. The firing frequencies before, during, and after propofol or intralipid application were recorded as FB, FD and FW; and the membrane potentials were recorded as MPB and MPD. Picrotoxin (PTX) was used to block inhibitory gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptors during the application of propofol at 10 μmol·L-1. Then, GABAA receptor-mediated spontaneous and miniature inhibitory postsynaptic currents (sIPSCs and mIPSCs) were recorded, and the effects of 10 μmol·L-1 propofol were investigated. The animal experiments were approved by the Medical Animal Administrative Committee of Shanghai Medical College Fudan University. The results showed that there were no significant differences in FB, FD and FW during intralipid and 2 μmol·L-1 propofol application. With propofol at 5, 10 and 20 μmol·L-1, FD decreased significantly when compared with FB, and FW increased significantly as compared with FD (P < 0.01). The inhibition degree of the three concentration groups was significantly different (P < 0.01). In addition, with propofol at 20 μmol·L-1, MPD hyperpolarized significantly (P < 0.01). In the presence of PTX, 10 μmol·L-1 propofol could not suppress the firing frequency of PVT glutamatergic neurons. Propofol at 10 μmol·L-1 prolonged the decay time of sIPSCs (P < 0.01) and mIPSCs (P < 0.05), and increased the amplitude (P < 0.01) of mIPSCs of PVT glutamatergic neurons. Together, these results indicate that propofol can inhibit the activity of PVT glutamatergic neurons in a concentration-dependent and reversible manner, and the effect is likely to be mediated by postsynaptic GABAA receptors.

5.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 697-704, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982015

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the risk factors for neonatal asphyxia in Hubei Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture and establish a nomogram model for predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted with 613 cases of neonatal asphyxia treated in 20 cooperative hospitals in Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture from January to December 2019 as the asphyxia group, and 988 randomly selected non-asphyxia neonates born and admitted to the neonatology department of these hospitals during the same period as the control group. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify risk factors for neonatal asphyxia. R software (4.2.2) was used to establish a nomogram model. Receiver operator characteristic curve, calibration curve, and decision curve analysis were used to assess the discrimination, calibration, and clinical usefulness of the model for predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that minority (Tujia), male sex, premature birth, congenital malformations, abnormal fetal position, intrauterine distress, maternal occupation as a farmer, education level below high school, fewer than 9 prenatal check-ups, threatened abortion, abnormal umbilical cord, abnormal amniotic fluid, placenta previa, abruptio placentae, emergency caesarean section, and assisted delivery were independent risk factors for neonatal asphyxia (P<0.05). The area under the curve of the model for predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia based on these risk factors was 0.748 (95%CI: 0.723-0.772). The calibration curve indicated high accuracy of the model for predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia. The decision curve analysis showed that the model could provide a higher net benefit for neonates at risk of asphyxia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The risk factors for neonatal asphyxia in Hubei Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture are multifactorial, and the nomogram model based on these factors has good value in predicting the risk of neonatal asphyxia, which can help clinicians identify neonates at high risk of asphyxia early, and reduce the incidence of neonatal asphyxia.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Female , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies , Cesarean Section , Risk Factors , Asphyxia Neonatorum/etiology
6.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 739-743, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the changes the changes of cytokine expression the aqueous humor of patients with macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO-ME) before and after intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR).Methods:A prospective clinical study. From June 2018 to June 2021, 31 eyes of 31 patients with non-ischemic BRVO-ME diagnosed by ophthalmic examination in Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Hepingli Hospital were included in the study. Among them, 15 males had 15 eyes, and 16 females had 16 eyes. Age was 70 (65, 72) years; the course of disease was 10 (9, 15) days. All of them were first-time patients. All eyes were treated with IVR once a month for 3 consecutive months. At the end of each IVR treatment, 0.1 ml aqueous humor was extracted immediately. The concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), interleukin-6 (IL-6), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in aqueous humor were detected by flow cytometry. The concentrations of cytokines in aqueous humor before and after treatment were compared by Kruskal-Wallis or Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Spearman correlation analysis was performed on the correlation between VEGF and MCP-1 expression level in aqueous humor before treatment.Results:The concentrations of VEGF and ICAM-1 in aqueous humor were significantly lower at 1 month after treatment compared with that before treatment, and at 2 months after treatment compared with that at 1 month after treatment ( Z=4.03, 3.25, 2.50, 3.48; P<0.05); the concentrations of IL-6 and VCAM-1 increased and the concentration of MCP-1 decreased, but there was no significant difference ( Z=-0.21, 1.42, 0.86, -0.53, 0.92, -1.57; P>0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that there was a strong positive correlation between VEGF and MCP-1 in aqueous humor before treatment ( r=0.78, P<0.001). Conclusion:The concentrations of VEGF and ICAM-1 in aqueous humor significantly decrease after IVR treatment in BRVO-ME; the concentrations of IL-6, MCP-1 and VCAM-1 do not obviously change.

7.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 739-743, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958506

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the changes the changes of cytokine expression the aqueous humor of patients with macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO-ME) before and after intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR).Methods:A prospective clinical study. From June 2018 to June 2021, 31 eyes of 31 patients with non-ischemic BRVO-ME diagnosed by ophthalmic examination in Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Hepingli Hospital were included in the study. Among them, 15 males had 15 eyes, and 16 females had 16 eyes. Age was 70 (65, 72) years; the course of disease was 10 (9, 15) days. All of them were first-time patients. All eyes were treated with IVR once a month for 3 consecutive months. At the end of each IVR treatment, 0.1 ml aqueous humor was extracted immediately. The concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), interleukin-6 (IL-6), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in aqueous humor were detected by flow cytometry. The concentrations of cytokines in aqueous humor before and after treatment were compared by Kruskal-Wallis or Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Spearman correlation analysis was performed on the correlation between VEGF and MCP-1 expression level in aqueous humor before treatment.Results:The concentrations of VEGF and ICAM-1 in aqueous humor were significantly lower at 1 month after treatment compared with that before treatment, and at 2 months after treatment compared with that at 1 month after treatment ( Z=4.03, 3.25, 2.50, 3.48; P<0.05); the concentrations of IL-6 and VCAM-1 increased and the concentration of MCP-1 decreased, but there was no significant difference ( Z=-0.21, 1.42, 0.86, -0.53, 0.92, -1.57; P>0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that there was a strong positive correlation between VEGF and MCP-1 in aqueous humor before treatment ( r=0.78, P<0.001). Conclusion:The concentrations of VEGF and ICAM-1 in aqueous humor significantly decrease after IVR treatment in BRVO-ME; the concentrations of IL-6, MCP-1 and VCAM-1 do not obviously change.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 56-65, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906050

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of Xintongtai (XTT) on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score and collagen fibers in vascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs) of rabbits with atherosclerosis in the regulation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK)/activator protien-1 (AP-1)signaling pathway. Method:A total of 120 rabbits of SPF grade were randomly divided into the sham operation group, combined phlegm and blood stasis model group, rosuvastatin group, and low-, middle-, and high-dose XTT groups. The rabbit model of atherosclerosis due to combined phlegm and blood stasis was established by exposing them to high-fat diet and balloon injury. Following modeling, the corresponding drugs were administered by gavage for eight weeks (2.3, 4.6, 9.2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> for low-, middle-, and high-dose XTT groups and 0.55 mg·kg<sup>-1 </sup>for rosuvastatin group). At the end of medication, the abdominal aorta was isolated and stained with htoxylin-eosin (HE) for observing the vulnerable plaque. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The collagen fiber decomposition in VSMCs was observed after Masson staining. The protein expression levels of p38 MAPK and AP-1 in aorta was assayed by Western blotting. The combined phlegm and blood stasis syndrome was scored based on TCM syndrome scoring scale. Result:Compared with the model group, XTT at each dose and rosuvastatin significantly decreased MMP-9 content, increased TIMP-1, down-regulated p38 MAPK protein expression, and weakened the nuclear translocation of AP-1 (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the low-dose XTT group, the middle- and high-dose XTT groups and rosuvastatin group exhibited obviously lowered MMP-9,elevated TIMP-1, down-regulated p38 MAPK protein expression, and diminished AP-1 nuclear translocation (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The TCM syndrome scores of the middle- and high-dose XTT groups and rosuvastatin group were significantly improved as compared with that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The comparison with the low-dose XTT group revealed a remarkable improvement in TCM syndrome score of the middle- and high-dose XTT groups and rosuvastatin group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). As demonstrated by Masson staining, the smooth muscle fibers in the model group were arranged in disorder, accompanied by enhanced collagen decomposition, thinned fibrous cap, and increased plaque vulnerability. Compared with the model group, the VSMCs in each XTT group and rosuvastatin group were orderly arranged, manifested as decreased collagen fiber decomposition and increased plaque stability. Conclusion:XTT down-regulates the expression of p38 MAPK and MMP-9, increases the level of TIMP-1, reduces the nuclear translocation of AP-1, diminishes the decomposition of collagen fibers in VSMCs, and improves the score of combined phlegm and blood stasis syndrome. XTT alleviates arteriosclerosis due to combined phlegm and blood stasis by regulating p38 MAPK/AP-1 signaling pathway and downstream cytokines and stabilizing vulnerable plaques.

9.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 478-480, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883764

ABSTRACT

This review focuses on the current situation of traditional Chinese medicine culture propaganda in the field of basic public health and summarizes that traditional Chinese medicine culture propaganda in this field adopts health lectures, household surveys, books, videos, billboards, village radio and other forms. The existing single forms of publicity lead to poor awareness of traditional Chinese medicine knowledge and nonsufficient service in the treatment with traditional Chinese medicine. It is suggested to build and improve the health publicity system, mobilize the residents' senses in an all-round way, and promote nationwide body health.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 95-104, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873286

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the effect of modified Qingyitang combined with continuous blood purification in the adjuvant treatment of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) complicated with multiple organ dysfunction (MODS) caused by heat accumulation of viscera. Method::Totally 100 cases of patients of SAP complicated with MODS, who were diagnosed as heat accumulation of viscera by traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and treated in ICU of the First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan University of Chinese Medicine during May 2015 and May 2019, were randomly divided into two groups, namely control group and observation group, with 50 cases in each group. The patients in control group were treated with fasting and abstinence, gastrointestinal decompression, inhibition of trypsin secretion, gastric mucosal protection, early jejunal nutrition, reduction of inflammatory reaction, continuous blood purification (CBP), mechanical ventilation and circulatory support. The patients in observation group were treated by nasojejunal tube according to syndrome differentiation in addition to routine comprehensive therapy. Modified Qingyitang was injected for 7 days. The remission time of abdominal pain and distention, the time of first exhaust and defecation, the time of ICU residence, the number of samples falling off, the cause of death and the number of cases were recorded. Relevant indexes were measured before treatment, on the 3rd and 7th day of treatment, including the evaluation indexes of pancreatitis: blood amylase (AMS), blood lipase (LPS), and modified computed tomography severity index (MCTSI), inflammatory response indexes were interleukin-6 (IL-6) and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP). Organ function indexes included APACHE-Ⅱ, arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), glutamyltransferase (γ-GGT), urine volume, creatinine (CREA), urea nitrogen (UREA), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase isoenzymes (CKMB), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), myoglobin (Mb). Tissue perfusion evaluation indexes included acute physiology and chronic health score, serum lactic acid (Lac) and central venous pressure (CVP). TCM treatment score was based on the syndrome score of acute pancreatitis with heat accumulation of viscera syndrome. Result::The total effective rate of TCM syndromes was 86.67%(39/45) in observation group and 73.91%(34/46) in control group (χ2 =13.524, P<0.01). On the 7th day of treatment, the symptoms and indicators of the two groups were improved. Compared with before treatment, AMS, LPS, IL-6, hs-CRP, MCTSI, APACHE-Ⅱ, Lac, CVP, PaO2, PaO2/FiO2, ALT and AST were improved on the 3rd and 7th day after treatment in observation group and control group. The levels of AMS, LPS, IL-6, hs-CRP, MCTSI, APACHE-Ⅱ, Lac, CVP, PaO2, PaO2/FiO2, ALT, AST, ALP, γ-GGT, urine volume were significantly improved (P<0.05). Compared with control group on the 3rd and 7th day, the levels of AMS, LPS, IL-6, hs-CRP, MCTSI, APACHE-Ⅱ, Lac, CVP, PaO2, PaO2/FiO2, ALT, AST, ALP, γ-GGT, urine volume were significantly improved (P<0.05). CREA, UREA, GFR, CK, CKMB, LDH and Mb were significantly improved (P<0.05). Compared with control group, the abdominal pain, abdominal distension relief time, first exhaust/defecation time, ICU stay time in observation group were significantly shortened (P<0.05), and the mortality rate in observation group was significantly reduced (P<0.05). Conclusion::Patients of SAP accompanied with MODS can be treated with blood purification combined with modified Qingyitang by promoting pancreas repair, inhibiting inflammation and improving organ function. It plays an important role in improving symptoms, alleviating TCM syndromes, delaying progression of disease, reducing hospital stay and reducing mortality.

11.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 942-947, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical features and outcome of neonatal acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in southwest Hubei, China.@*METHODS@#According to the Montreux definition of neonatal ARDS, a retrospective clinical epidemiological investigation was performed on the medical data of neonates with ARDS who were admitted to Department of Neonatology/Pediatrics in 17 level 2 or level 3 hospitals in southwest Hubei from January to December, 2017.@*RESULTS@#A total of 7 150 neonates were admitted to the 17 hospitals in southwest Hubei during 2017 and 66 (0.92%) were diagnosed with ARDS. Among the 66 neonates with ARDS, 23 (35%) had mild ARDS, 28 (42%) had moderate ARDS, and 15 (23%) had severe ARDS. The main primary diseases for neonatal ARDS were perinatal asphyxia in 23 neonates (35%), pneumonia in 18 neonates (27%), sepsis in 12 neonates (18%), and meconium aspiration syndrome in 10 neonates (15%). Among the 66 neonates with ARDS, 10 neonates (15%) were born to the mothers with an age of ≥35 years, 30 neonates (45%) suffered from intrauterine distress, 32 neonates (49%) had a 1-minute Apgar score of 0 to 7 points, 24 neonates (36%) had abnormal fetal heart monitoring results, and 21 neonates (32%) experienced meconium staining of amniotic fluid. Intraventricular hemorrhage was the most common comorbidity (12 neonates), followed by neonatal shock (9 neonates) and patent ductus arteriosus (8 neonates). All 66 neonates with ARDS were treated with mechanical ventilation in addition to the treatment for primary diseases. Among the 66 neonates with ARDS, 10 died, with a mortality rate of 15% (10/66), and 56 neonates were improved or cured, with a survival rate of 85% (56/66).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Neonatal ARDS in southwest Hubei is mostly mild or moderate. Perinatal asphyxia and infection may be the main causes of neonatal ARDS in this area. Intraventricular hemorrhage is the most common comorbidity. Neonates with ARDS tend to have a high survival rate after multimodality treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , China , Meconium Aspiration Syndrome , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Retrospective Studies
12.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 22-24, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823124

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the destructive effects of chlorine disinfectants on the nucleic acid of novel coronavirus, and to assess the feasibility of real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR technology for the evaluation of the disinfection effect of novel coronavirus. Methods A suspension quantitative inactivation test was used to observe the inactivation effects of different concentrations of chlorine containing disinfectants and different action times on the novel coronavirus. RT-PCR method was used to detect novel coronavirus nucleic acid for the disinfection effect evaluation. Results The chlorine disinfectants of 1 000 mg/L and 2 000 mg/L could destroy the nucleic acid of ew coronavirusafter application for over 30s. The chlorine disinfectant of 750 mg/L could destroy the nucleic acid of new coronavirusafter application for over 15min. Chlorine disinfectant of 500 mg/L could not completely destroy the nucleic acid of new coronavirusafter 30 min action. Conclusion The disinfection method stipulated in the national prevention and control plan using 1 000mg / L effective chlorine for the epidemic sites of new coronavirus for 30 minutes could completely destroy the nucleic acid of new coronavirus. The Real-time quantitative PCR can be used to evaluate the disinfection effect of new coronavirus.

13.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 6-10, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776662

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence of neonatal asphyxia and possible contributing factors for the development of severe asphyxia in Hubei Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, China.@*METHODS@#A total of 16 hospitals in Hubei Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture were selected as research centers. A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 22 294 live births in these 16 hospitals from January to December, 2016 to investigate the incidence rate of neonatal asphyxia and possible contributing factors for the development of severe asphyxia.@*RESULTS@#Of the 22 294 neonates born alive, 733 (3.29%) were diagnosed with neonatal asphyxia, among whom 627 had mild asphyxia and 106 had severe asphyxia. The neonates with low maternal education level, maternal anemia during pregnancy, chorioamnionitis, abnormal amniotic fluid, abnormal umbilical cord, placenta previa, placental abruption, Tujia Minority, preterm birth, and low birth weight had a higher incidence of severe asphyxia (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The incidence rate of neonatal asphyxia in Hubei Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture is higher. Low maternal education level, maternal anemia during pregnancy, chorioamnionitis, abnormal amniotic fluid, abnormal umbilical cord, placenta previa, placental abruption, Tujia Minority, preterm birth, and low birth weight may be related to the development of severe neonatal asphyxia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Asphyxia Neonatorum , Epidemiology , China , Incidence , Retrospective Studies
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2856-2864, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781733

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a rare but clinically well-known polygenic systemic autoinflammatory disease. In this review, we aim to present frontiers in the pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis, biomarkers, disease course, prognosis, and treatment in AOSD.@*DATA SOURCES@#We retrieved information from the PubMed database up to July 2019, using various search terms and relevant words, including AOSD and Still's disease.@*STUDY SELECTION@#We included data from peer-reviewed journals. Both basic and clinical studies were selected.@*RESULTS@#Pathogenesis of AOSD involves genetic background, infectious triggers, and immunopathogenesis, mainly the activation of macrophages and neutrophils followed by a cytokine storm. Diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of AOSD is still challenging; therefore, there is an urgent need to identify better biomarkers. Biologic agents, including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α antagonists in the treatment of AOSD, have good prospect.@*CONCLUSION@#This review highlights the advances in pathogenesis, potential biomarkers, disease course, and treatment in AOSD.

15.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 965-968, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701629

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of operating rooms of two different cleanliness on surgical site infection (SSI)in neurosurgical craniocerebral operation,provide reference for the prevention and control of SSI.Methods Neurosurgical craniocerebral operation undertaking in grade I and II operating rooms in a hospital between July 2015 and July 2016 was performed retrospective study,patients in grade I operating rooms were as control group and those in grade II operating rooms were as trial group,occurrence of SSI was compared between two groups of pa-tients.Results A total of 454 patients undergoing craniocerebral operation were investigated,212 patients were in control group (grade I operating rooms)and 242 in trial group (grade II operating rooms).Patients in control group had 25 cases of SSI,incidence of SSI was 11.79%;trial group had 31 cases of SSI,incidence of SSI was 12.81%. Nine cases of SSI were superficial incision infection,there was no deep incision infection,the other 47 cases of SSI were intracranial infection(organ space infection).There was no significant difference in the incidence of SSI be-tween two groups of patients(P>0.05).Conclusion Grade I and II cleanliness operating rooms have no direct effect on SSI in patients undergoing neurosurgical craniocerebral operation,comprehensive prevention and control mea-sures should be taken to prevent the occurrence of SSI.

16.
Tumor ; (12): 119-124, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-433106

ABSTRACT

Objective:The study aims to screen chemosensitivity-associated proteins in colorectal carcinoma tissues by using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and mass spectrometry,then identify some differentially-expressed proteins. Methods:The patients with advanced colorectal carcinoma were confirmed by clinical diagnosis. Fresh carcinoma specimens were collected by biopsy and preserved in liquid N2. The tissues were classified into two groups: high sensitivity group (HS) and low sensitivity group (LS) based on drug sensitivity test. The total proteins were extracted and separated by 2-DE. The images were composed, compared, and differentially analyzed to identify the proteins with differential expression in HS and LS groups. Then the differentially-expressed protein spots were incised from the gels and digested by trypsin. The peptide mass fingerprintings (PMF) was acquired after matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) and the proteins were identified by data searching in the Mascot database. Two proteins with differential expression were detected by Western blotting.Results:The 2-DE spectrum of HS and LS groups were established. Most protein spots were distributed in the area with pH 4-8 and relative molecular weight of (20-100)×10~3. The average number of the protein spots was 842±23 in HS group and 793±19 in LS group,respectively. The mean matching rate was 90.7%. The number of differentially-expressed dots between HS and LS group was 79.00±13.56. Thirty protein dots were selected for mass spectrum and bioinformatic analysis, and 9 proteins were identified. Conclusion:Colorectal carcinoma with different chemosensitivity had differential protein expression profiles. The differentially expressed proteins may be associated with chemosensitivity and could be used for prediction of chemosensitivity of colorectal carcinoma.

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