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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940385


ObjectiveTo explore the regulatory effect of Gouqi chewable tablets on innate and adaptive immunity in normal mice and its antioxidant activity in vitro and in vivo. MethodThe effects of low-, medium-, and high-dose groups (0.25, 0.5, 1.5 g·kg-1) on the immune function of normal mice were observed by carbon clearance test, immune organ index test, serum hemolysin test, ConA-induced splenic lymphocyte proliferation test, and natural killer cell (NK cell) activity test. The effects of Gouqi chewable tablets on the antioxidant capacity in vivo were determined by detecting the content of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and malondialdehyde (MDA) in mice serum. The in vitro antioxidant activity of Gouqi chewable tablets was detected by 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS), 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), and hydroxyl radical scavenging tests. ResultCompared with the blank control group, the low-, medium-, and high-dose groups of Gouqi chewable tablets improved the viability of NK cells, the proliferation of splenic lymphocytes, and the level of serum hemolysin antibody in mice (P<0.05). The high-dose group increased the thymus index, spleen index, and phagocytic function of macrophages (P<0.05, P<0.01). As compared with the blank control group, the activity of GSH-Px in mice serum in the medium-dose group was increased (P<0.05), and the content of MDA in mice serum in the high-dose group was decreased (P<0.05). In in vitro antioxidant tests, the median inhibitory concentration (IC50) values of Gouqi chewable tablets were 1.64±0.20, 2.04±0.03, and 10.27±0.03 g·L-1 by the DPPH, ABTS, and OH- free radical method, respectively. Those results indicated that Gouqi chewable tablets have good antioxidant effects in vitro. ConclusionGouqi chewable tablets can enhance the immune function of mice with good antioxidant effects.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906256


Qingjin Huatanpang, first contained in Yixue Tongzhi, was composed of eleven medicinal materials of Scutellariae Radix, Gardeniae Fructus, Fritillariae Thunbergii Bulbus, Mori Cortex, Trichosanthis Semen Tostum, Citri Exocarpium Rubrum, Platycodonis Radix, Ophiopogonis Radix (core removed), Anemarrhenae Rhizoma, Poria and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. It is a classic prescription created by YE Wen-ling in Ming dynasty for treating pulmonary disease with phlegm-heat obstructing lung syndrome. With the significant functions of clearing heat and moistening lung, reducing phlegm and relieving cough, it has been included in the "Classic Catalogue of Ancient Classics (First Batch)". Modern pharmacological studies have shown that Qingjin Huatantang has multiple activities such as relieving cough and eliminating phlegm, anti-inflammatory, bronchodilation, and immunoregulatory, and now it is commonly used for treating infectious lung diseases, such as acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, community acquire pneumonia, bronchiectasis, acute and chronic bronchitis in a form of its modified prescription or its combined use with western medicine, consistent with the clinical application in ancient times. According to the literatures on the study of Qingjin Huatantang published in recent years, this paper summed up the historical evolution, compatibility analysis, chemistry constituents, quality control, advances in pharmacology research, and clinical uses, which can provide theoretical and experimental data reference for further research and development, and proposed to establish a biological activity assay for quality control based on the pharmacological effect such as immunoregulatory activity, which can improve its quality control method and provide a reference for other famous classical formulas.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905889


Objective:To establish a method for evaluating the biological activity of water extract lyophilized powder of Qingjin Huatantang based on the phagocytic and secretory functions of macrophages, and to control the quality of this formula from the biological activity level. Method:The phagocytic and inflammation models of RAW264.7 macrophages were established, the inhibition rates of water extract lyophilized powder of Qingjin Huatantang on interleukin-6 (IL-6) secretion and phagocytic index of neutral red of RAW264.7 macrophages were chosen as indicators to investigate the biological activity of Qingjin Huatantang, and the biological limit was searched. Result:The optimal inoculation density of RAW264.7 macrophages was 3×10<sup>5</sup> pcs/mL, and the concentration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was 1 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> after treatment for 24 h. When the concentration was 500 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>, water extract lyophilized powder of Qingjin Huatantang had no toxicity and no obvious promotion effect on the proliferation of RAW264.7 macrophages, and at this concentration, the phagocytosis of RAW264.7 macrophages for neutral red was significantly promoted, the phagocytic index was >113%. In addition, the lyophilized powder had a significant and stable inhibitory effect on IL-6 secretion of RAW264.7 macrophages induced by LPS, the inhibitory rate was >45%. Conclusion:Combined with the anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects of Qingjin Huatantang, this study establishes an <italic>in vitro </italic>biological limit method for evaluating the quality of water extract of Qingjin Huatantang based on the phagocytic and secretory functions of RAW264.7 macrophages, and 500 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> was confirmed as the limit concentration. Under the limit concentration, Qingjin Huatantang water extract can significantly promote the phagocytic index of macrophages or significantly inhibit the secretion of IL-6 of RAW264.7 macrophages induced by LPS, which can be judged as qualified.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879151


The paclitaxel-loaded and folic acid-modified poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nano-micelles(PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs) were prepared by the emulsion solvent evaporation method, and the parameters of paclitaxel-loaded nano-micelles were optimized with the particle size and PDI as evaluation indexes. The morphology of the nano-micelles was observed by transmission electron microscopy(TEM), and the stability, drug loading and encapsulation efficiency were systematically investigated. In vitro experiments were performed to study the cytotoxic effects of nano-micelles, apoptosis, and cellular uptake. Under the optimal parameters, the nano-micelles showed the particle size of(125.3±1.2) nm, the PDI of 0.086±0.026, the zeta potential of(-20.0±3.8) mV, the drug loading of 7.2%±0.75%, and the encapsulation efficiency of 50.7%±1.0%. The nano-micelles were in regular spherical shape as observed by TEM. The blank FA-PLGA-NMs exhibited almost no inhibitory effect on the proliferation and growth of tumor cells, while the drug-loaded nano-micelles and free PTX exhibited significant inhibitory effects. The IC_(50) of PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs and PTX was 0.56 μg·mL~(-1) and 0.66 μg·mL~(-1), respectively. The paclitaxel-loaded nano-micelles were potent in inhibiting cell migration as assessed by the scratch assay. PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs had good pro-apoptotic effect on cervical cancer HeLa cells and significantly promoted the uptake of HeLa cells. The results of in vitro experiments suggested that PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs could target and treat cervical cancer HeLa cells. Therefore, as nanodrug carriers, PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs with anti-cancer activity are a promising nano-system for improving the-rapeutic effects on tumors.

Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Carriers , Female , Folic Acid , Glycolates , HeLa Cells , Humans , Micelles , Paclitaxel , Particle Size , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/drug therapy
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828092


The aim of this paper was to explore the effect of Xueshuantong Injection(freeze-dried powder,XST) on κ-carrageenan-induced thrombosis and blood flow from the aspects of interactions among blood flow,vascular endothelium and platelets. Fifty male Sprague-Dawley rats(190-200 g) were randomized into five groups: control group, model group, heparin sodium(1 000 U·kg~(-1)) group, low-dose and high-dose(50, 150 mg·kg~(-1)) XST groups. Rats were intraperitoneally injected with corresponding drugs and normal saline(normal control and model groups) for 10 days. One hour after drugs were administered intraperitoneally on the 7 th day, each rat was injected with κ-carrageenan(Type Ⅰ, 1 mg·kg~(-1)) which was dissolved in physiological saline by intravenous administration in the tail to establish tail thrombus model. The lengths of black tails of the rats were measured at 2, 6, 24 and 48 h after modeling. Vevo®2100 small animal ultrasound imaging system was used to detect the internal diameter of rat common carotid artery, blood flow velocity and heart rate, and then the blood flow and shear rate were calculated. Meanwhile, the microcirculatory blood flow perfusion in the thigh surface and tail of rats were detected by laser speckle blood flow imaging system. Platelet aggregometry was used to detect the max platelet aggregation rate in rats. Pathological changes in tail were observed through hematoxylin-eosin staining, and Western blot was used to detect the protein content of platelet piezo1. According to the results, XST could inhibit the rat tail arterial thrombosis and significantly reduce the length of black tail(P<0.05). The blood flow of common carotid artery in XST low dose group was significantly higher than that in the model group(P<0.05). XST high dose group could significantly increase the microcirculatory blood flow perfusion of the tail in rats as compared with the model group(P<0.05). XST high dose group could significantly inhibit platelet aggregation rate(P<0.05) and XST low dose group could significantly inhibit platelet piezo1 protein expression(P<0.01). In summary, XST could play an effect in fighting against thrombosis induced by κ-carrageenan in rats, which may be related to significantly inhibiting platelet aggregation, improving body's blood flow state, maintaining normal hemodynamic environment and affecting mechanical ion channel protein piezo1.

Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Male , Microcirculation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Thrombosis