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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910165

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors of adverse pregnancy outcomes for induced abortion of cesarean scar pregnancy in midtrimester.Methods:A national multicenter retrospective study was conducted. A total of 154 singletons pregnant women with cesarean scar pregnancy during the second trimester induced abortion by various reasons in 12 tertiary A hospitals were selected, their pregnant outcomes were observed and the risk factors of serious adverse outcomes were analyzed with univariate and multivariate logstic regression; the role of ultrasound and MRI in predicting placenta accreta and severe adverse outcomes was evaluated, the effectiveness of uterine artery embolization (UAE) in preventing hemorrhage in pregnant women with and without placenta accreta was compared.Results:Among 154 subjects, the rate of placenta accreta was 42.2% (65/154), the rate of postpartum hemorrhage≥1 000 ml was 39.0% (60/154), the rate of hysterectomy was 14.9% (23/154), the rate of uterine rupture was 0.6% (1/154). The risk factor of postpartum hemorrhage≥1 000 ml and hysterectomy was placenta accreta ( P<0.01). For each increase in the number of parity, the risk of placenta accreta increased 2.385 times (95% CI: 1.046-5.439; P=0.039); and the risk of placenta accreta decreased with increasing ultrasound measurement of scar myometrium thickness ( OR=0.033, 95% CI: 0.001-0.762; P=0.033). The amount of postpartum hemorrhage and hysterectomy rate in the group with placenta accreta diagnosed by ultrasound combined with MRI were not significantly different from those in the group with placenta accreta diagnosed by ultrasound only or MRI only (all P>0.05). For pregnant women with placenta accreta, there were no significant difference in the amount of bleeding and hysterectomy rate between the UAE group [median: 1 300 ml; 34% (16/47)] and the non-embolization group (all P>0.05); in pregnant women without placenta accreta, the amount of bleeding in the UAE group was lower than that in the non-embolization group (median: 100 vs 600 ml; P<0.01), but there was no significant difference in hysterectomy rate [2% (1/56) vs 9% (3/33); P>0.05]. Conclusions:(1) Placenta accreta is the only risk factor of postpartum hemorrhage≥1 000 ml with hysterectomy for induced abortion of cesarean scar pregnancy in midtrimester; multi-parity and ultrasound measurement of scar myometrium thickness are risk factors for placenta accreta. (2) The technique of using ultrasound and MRI in predicting placenta accreta of cesarean scar pregnancy needs to be improved. (3) It is necessary to discuss of UAE in preventing postpartum hemorrhage for induced abortion of cesarean scar pregnancy in midtrimester.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 548-54, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382427

ABSTRACT

Endometriosis, an oestrogen-dependent disorder, is related to inflammation, p38 Mitogen activated protein kinases (p38 MAPK) can be activated by sex hormone and inflammatory factors, which plays an important role in many cellular reactions such as apoptosis, proliferation, inflammation and stresses, etc. Many studies showed that p38 MAPK was participated directly in regulating the pathogenesis of endometriosis. The special regulatory action of p38 MAPK on sex hormone and inflammation may help us to understand the intricate endometriosis pathological hypothesis. p38 MAPK inhibitors play a key role in the the study of endometriosis, and show great promise for the future. Blocking and regulating the expression of p38 MAPK on the signal transduction pathway level may hope to be a new strategy to prevent and treat endometriosis.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634767

ABSTRACT

To examine the changes in matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and -9 (MMP-9) in the development and progression of endometriosis, real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay and gelatin zymography were employed to determine the mRNA and protein levels and activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 from the first day to the 21(st) day after the induction in mice with induced endometriosis (experimental group) and sham-operated animals (controls). The results showed that the mRNA and protein levels and activities of the MMP-2 and MMP-9 were significantly increased on the first day after the induction and the level of MMP-2 stayed at a level higher than that in the control group. MMP-9 had two or three peaks during the 21 days, taking place at day 1, 4 and 15. It is concluded that the changes in the MMP-2 and MMP-9 might be involved in pathogenesis of endometriosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-571987

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo retrospectively analyze the clinical characteristics and outcomes of endometrial carcinoma patients aged 45 years and younger MethodsFifty-two cases of endometrial carcinoma aged 45 years and younger were treated in Peking Union Medical College Hospital They were further divided into group A (35 years of age and younger) and group B (older than 35 years) Clinical data of these patients were reviewed and the two groups were compared ResultsPatients aged 45 years and younger accounted for 12 7% of all the endometrial carcinoma cases About 50% of the patients were nulliparous, infertile or had irregular menstruation and endometrial hyperplasia, 29% were obese, 23% had polycystic ovaries Eighty-three percent of the patients were stage [ Int ernational Federation of Gynecology and Obstetris (FIGO),1988] Group A had mo re polysystic ovaries and atypical endometrial hyperplasia than group B (53% v s 9%, 59% vs 26% respectively, P

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