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1.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E062-E067, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904365

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate biomechanical strength of locking compression plate (LCP) for fixation of periprosthetic proximal femur fractures (PPFF). Methods Eight matched pairs of Vancouver type B1 adult cadaveric PPFF specimens were fixed with the LCP and the inverted distal femoral less invasive stabilization system (LISS), respectively. Four bicortical locking screws (LCP group) and four unicortical locking screws were used to the length of prosthesis stem, and four double cortical locking screws were used to fix the distal end of the fracture in two groups, the distance from the locking screws to the fracture were also equal. The maximum bending load, maximum bending displacement, bending stiffness, maximum torque, maximum torsional angle and torsional stiffness of two groups in four-point bending test and torsion test were compared and analyzed. Results The maximum bending load, maximum bending displacement and bending stiffness of LCP group were all larger than those of LISS group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The maximum torque, maximum torsional angle and torsional stiffness of LCP group were obviously larger than those of LISS group,and there was a statistical difference between two groups (P<0.05). Conclusions The stiffness of anti-torsion with LCP is significantly better than that with LISS. Consequently, LCP has better biomechanical stability for PPFF.

2.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 623-627, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871196

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of enhancing the strength of the hamstring on the stability of the knee joint.Methods:Thirty patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears were randomly divided into a training group ( n=15) and a control group ( n=15). After the injury′s edema stage, all of the subjects received the standard 6-stage rehabilitation training for ACL injury, including isokinetic exercise, isometric tension and contraction exercise, single or bipedal jumping, proprioception exercises and cardiovascular exercise. On the basis of that standard training, additional hamstring strengthening training was given to the training group. It involved three sessions of weight-bearing flexion of the knee joint six to eight times, at least five times a week for three months. All of the subjects underwent the passive relaxation test (PRT), knee function scoring (Lysholm scores) and weight-bearing MRI before and within 1 month after the training. Anterior shift of the tibia (TAS) was measured using weight-bearing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Results:Before the training there were no significant differences between the groups in terms of average PRT or Lysholm scores. After the training, the average PRT score in neither group had improved significantly. The average Lysholm scores of the training and control groups were not significantly different either, though both groups′ averages had improved significantly compared with before the training. The average tibial shifts were also significantly smaller than before the training, with the training group′s average significantly smaller than that of the control group.Conclusion:Increasing hamstring muscle strength can reduce tibial anteversion in the weight-bearing upright position and improve the stability of the knee joint after ACL injury.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1037-1043, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802875

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the clinical effects of surgery within and over 48 hours for hip fractures in elderly patients.@*Methods@#From May 2017 to April 2018, 47 patients over 75 years old with hip fracture were operated in our hospital and met with inclusion criteria. The patients were divided into two groups: within 48-hour group and over 48-hour group according to study design. In the within 48-hour group, there were 22 patients including 5 males and 17 females, aged from 76 to 97 years, with an average age of 83.6±5.0 years, and there were 10 femoral neck fractures (3 total hip arthroplasty, 7 hemiarthroplasty) and 12 femoral intertrochanteric fractures (proximal femoral intramedullary nail fixation). There were 25 patients (7 males and 18 females) in the over 48-hour group, aged from 76 to 98 years, with an average age of 83.8±5.8 years, and there were 10 femoral neck fractures (2 total hip arthroplasty, 8 hemiarthroplasty) and 15 femoral intertrochanteric fractures (proximal femoral intramedullary nail fixation). At the end of the follow-up period, the clinical data of the two groups were compared. The differences in the length of stay, cost of stay (excluding implants), postoperative complications within 1 month, hip function score (Harris score) within 1 month and 3 months, and mortality within 3 months and at the end of follow-up were analyzed.@*Results@#Both groups were followed up for 12 to 24 months, with an average of 17.7 months. The hospitalization time (7.9±3.0 d), hospitalization expenses (16 627.5±6 428.8 yuan), the incidence of early complications after operation (59.1%) and Harris score (80.9±8.6) in the within 48-hour group were significantly better than those in the over 48-hour group (12.3±4.1 d, 23 799.0±9 785.3 yuan, 88.0%, 71.1±9.2, respectively). At 3 months after operation, there was no significant difference in Harris score between the two groups (83.9±7.3 in within 48-hour group and 82.3±8.9 in over 48-hour group; t=0.668, P=0.507). Within 3 months, there was no death inwithin 48-hour group, but 2 in over 48-hour group; and 1 in within 48-hour group at the last follow-up.@*Conclusion@#Elderly patients with hip fracture benefit significantly from surgery within 48 hours after admission.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1037-1043, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755250

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effects of surgery within and over 48 hours for hip fractures in elderly pa?tients. Methods From May 2017 to April 2018, 47 patients over 75 years old with hip fracture were operated in our hospital and met with inclusion criteria. The patients were divided into two groups: within 48?hour group and over 48?hour group according to study design. In the within 48?hour group, there were 22 patients including 5 males and 17 females, aged from 76 to 97 years, with an average age of 83.6±5.0 years, and there were 10 femoral neck fractures (3 total hip arthroplasty, 7 hemiarthroplasty) and 12 femoral intertrochanteric fractures (proximal femoral intramedullary nail fixation). There were 25 patients (7 males and 18 females) in the over 48?hour group, aged from 76 to 98 years, with an average age of 83.8±5.8 years, and there were 10 femoral neck frac?tures (2 total hip arthroplasty, 8 hemiarthroplasty) and 15 femoral intertrochanteric fractures (proximal femoral intramedullary nail fixation). At the end of the follow?up period, the clinical data of the two groups were compared. The differences in the length of stay, cost of stay (excluding implants), postoperative complications within 1 month, hip function score (Harris score) within 1 month and 3 months, and mortality within 3 months and at the end of follow?up were analyzed. Results Both groups were fol?lowed up for 12 to 24 months, with an average of 17.7 months. The hospitalization time (7.9±3.0 d), hospitalization expenses (16 627.5± 6 428.8 yuan), the incidence of early complications after operation (59.1% ) and Harris score (80.9 ± 8.6) in the within 48?hour group were significantly better than those in the over 48?hour group (12.3±4.1 d, 23 799.0±9 785.3 yuan, 88.0%, 71.1±9.2, respec?tively). At 3 months after operation, there was no significant difference in Harris score between the two groups (83.9±7.3 in within 48?hour group and 82.3±8.9 in over 48?hour group; t=0.668, P=0.507). Within 3 months, there was no death inwithin 48?hour group, but 2 in over 48?hour group; and 1 in within 48?hour group at the last follow?up. Conclusion Elderly patients with hip fracture benefit significantly from surgery within 48 hours after admission.

5.
JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2016; 26 (12): 975-979
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-183363

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the applications and effects of electromagnetic navigation [EN] technology in distal locking for the treatment of long diaphyseal fracture [LDF] with interlocking intramedullary nailing [IIN]


Study Design: An interventional study


Place and Duration of Study: The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, China, from March 2013 to July 2014


Methodology: Patients who underwent IIN-LDF were selected. Twenty-four [50%] of whom were operated under EN guidance [group A] and the other 24 [50%] under conventional targeting guidance [group B]. The distal locking time and X-ray irradiation time of the two groups were compared


Results: Each group included 16 [33.3%] cases of femoral fracture and 8 [16.7%] cases of tibial fracture. The success rate of distal locking in group A was higher than that in group B [95.8% vs. 83.3%, p=0.045]. There were statistically significant differences in the distal locking time and X-ray irradiation time of femoral intramedullary nailing between the two groups [p=0.027 and p=0.001, respectively]. There were no statistically significant differences in the distal locking time and X-ray irradiation time of tibial intramedullary nailing between the two groups [p=0.347 and p=0.056, respectively]


Conclusion: EN-IN was advantageous as it enabled easy targeting, significantly reduced intraoperative fluoroscopy and operation time and small trauma and had other advantages when used for treating LDFs, especially femoral diaphyseal fractures

6.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 271-273, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469330

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide anatomical basis for elevating iliac tissue flap pedicled on the iliolumbar artery.Methods The course,number,outer diameter and distribution of iliolumbar artery were observed on 13 human cadavers.Results All the iliolumbar artery originated from the internal iliac artery.The iliolumbar artery gave off 2 branches (iliacus branch and lumbar branch) when passing between the obturator nerve and the lumbosacral trunk,posteriorly to the psoas major.The mean distance between origin of the iliolumbar artery and bifurcation point to iliacus and lumbar branches was 7.1 (7.1 ± 0.5) cm.The iliacus branch divided into two branches:one artery curved forward and anastomosed with the iliacus branch of deep circumflex iliac artery; the other artery supplied the tissue around the posterior superior iliac spine.The lumbar branch supplied the psoas major and the quadratus lumborum.Conclusion The iliolumbar artery and the iliacus branch is one of the most constant and reliable vessels supplying the iliac bone,and can be used as the pedicle of free or pedicled iliac tissue flaps.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 328-332, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466094

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of anterior minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) for treatment of middle humeral shaft fracture.Methods From November 2011 to March 2014,10 cases of middle humeral shaft fracture were treated using MIPO via the anterior approach (MIPO group).Another 26 cases treated by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of the middle humeral shaft fracture between October 2010 and March 2014 were included as controls (ORIF group).Fracture fixation using the 4.5 mm locking compression plate (LCP) was performed in both groups.Parameter measurements included operative time,intraoperative fluoroscopy times,grafting rate,intraoperative blood loss,postoperative drainage,hospital stay,bone healing time and complications.Results MIPO and ORIF groups differed significantly with respect to intraoperative blood loss [(93.5 ± 25.6) ml vs (325.3 ± 158.3) ml],intraoperative fluoroscopy times [(13.2 ± 6.1) vs 4.0 (0-6.0)] and hospitalization [(11.9 ± 1.7)days vs (18.0 ±4.7)days] (P <0.05).Bone grafting and drainage were not performed in MIPO group,while bone grafting rate was 54% and postoperative drainage volume was (120.4 ± 69.6) ml in ORIF group (P <0.05).MIPO and ORIF groups were comparable with respect to operative time [(79.0 ± 22.0) min vs (97.5 ± 30.8) min],bone healing time [(15.2 ± 2.5) weeks vs (18.2 ± 4.8)weeks] and postoperative complications (10% vs23%) (P>0.05).Conclusion Anterior MIPO is an effective procedure for treatment of middle humeral shaft fracture,with advantages of small trauma,less bleeding,low risk of nerve injury and high rate of fracture healing.

8.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 7092-7096, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479429

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:There were stil lacking related clinical researches in the aspects of whether the total blood loss and hidden blood loss were connected with pathogenesis, whether the total blood loss and hidden blood loss were different among the patients who conducted total hip arthroplasty under different pathogenesis, and whether the preoperative intervention should be conducted for a particular cause? OBJECTIVE:To compare and analyze the hidden blood loss of patients with hip osteoarthritis and femoral neck fracture after total hip replacement. METHODS:The clinical data of 150 patients who received the unilateral total hip arthroplasty treatment from June 2013 to January 2015 were colected and analyzed, including 54 patients with hip osteoarthritis (30 male cases and 24 female cases ), 96 patients with femoral neck fracture (41 male cases and 55 female cases). The pre-and post-operative blood routine and intro-and post-operative blood loss and transfusion were recorded, and hidden blood loss during pen-operation period was evaluated. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Total blood loss was (1 616±216) mL, hidden blood loss was (699±102) mL, and hidden blood loss accounted for 43.3% of the total blood loss. The total blood loss was (1 742±254) mL in the hip osteoarthritis group, hidden blood loss was (758±127) mL, hidden blood loss accounted for 44.6% of the total blood loss; The average total blood loss was (1 470±189) mL in the femoral neck fracture group, hidden blood loss was (625±98) mL, hidden blood loss accounts for 42.1% of the total blood loss. The total blood loss and hidden blood loss in hip osteoarthritis group were significantly higher than those in the femoral neck fracture group (P< 0.05). However, there was no significant difference on the hidden blood loss accounts for the proportion of the total blood loss between two groups (P=0.419 3). These results suggest that the total blood loss and hidden blood loss are different for the patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty in the premise of both pathogenesis. Therefore, before the total hip arthroplasty, we should fuly take into account the primary cause of patients and estimate the total blood loss and hidden blood loss, so as to take appropriate preventive measures in time to ensure the safety of the replacement process.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 790-795, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437171

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the three-dimensional structure changes of subchondral bone in early stage knee joint instability and the effect of diphosphonate intervention so as to test the role of early three-dimensional structure changes of subchondral bone in pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA).Methods Sixty healthy male New Zealand white rabbits were assigned to model group (n =24),diphosphonate group (n=24) and control group (n =12) according to random number table.Rabbit right knee destabilization (anterior cruciate ligament transection) is used to induce OA.Rabbits in diphosphonate group received subcutaneous injection of 0.01 mg/kg diphosphonate (risedronate) per day.Instead,isotonic saline solution of the same volume was subcutaneously given to rabbits in model and control groups.One third of the animals in each group were killed at week 4,8 and 12 respectively.Surgical knee joint with preservation of each 2 cm bone above and below joint surface was dissected to perform Micro-CT.Bone volume fraction (BVF),trabecular thickness (Tb.Th),trabecular spacing (Tb.Sp),trabecular number (Tb.N),volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) and tissue BMD (tBMD) were measured and analyzed statistically.Results At week 4 following operation,BVF,Tb.N and Tb.Th were lowered significantly in model group as compared to control group (P <0.01) ;BVF was lower in model group than in diphosphonate group (P < 0.05) and lower in diphosphonate group than in control group (P < 0.05) ; Tb.Sp was increased in model group as compared to diphosphonate group and control group (P <0.01) and had obvious increase in diphosphonate group as compared to control group (P <0.01) ; vBMD was significantly lower in model group than in diphosphonate group and control group (P < 0.05),but there was no statistical difference between diphosphonate group and control group.At week 12 following operation,model group presented higher BVF,Tb.Th and Tb.N (P <0.05),significantly lower Tb.Sp (P < 0.05) and significantly higher vBMD (P < 0.01) as compared to diphosphonate group and control group.Conclusions In knee joint instability,variations of subchondral bone are mainly characterized by osteoclasia in the early stage,followed by osteogenesis in later stage.Diphosphonate may improve the bone architecture of subcondral bone via inhibition of bone resorption.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 550-555, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434783

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the biomechanical changes of subchondral bone in the early stage of knee joint instability and effect of diphosphonate therapy so as to investigate the role of the early biomechanical changes of subchondral bone in the onset and development of osteoarthritis (OA).Methods Sixty healthy male New Zealand white rabbits were assigned to model group (n =24),diphosphonate group (n =24) and control group (n =12) according to random number table.Joint destabilization by anterior cruciate ligament transection of the right knee of the rabbits was performed to induce OA models.Rabbits in diphosphonate group received subcutaneous injection of 0.01 mg/kg diphosphonate (risedronate) per day,and isotonic saline solution of the same volume was subcutaneously given to rabbits in model and control groups.Half the animals in each group were killed by aeroembolism at postoperative 4 weeks and 12 weeks respectively.Surgical knee joint with preservation of each 2 cm bone above and below joint surface was dissected to perform gross scoring.Thereafter,two-dimensional image profile was achieved by Micro-CT examination and converted into Ansys for limit element analysis after fitting in Mimics software.Results At four weeks,bone volume fraction (BVF),elastic modulus (EM),reaction force (RF),and mean Von Mises stress were all declined in three groups,the lowest level in the model group (P < 0.01).The diphosphonate group also had lower levels than the control group,with insignificant difference.Bone mineral density (BMD) in the model group was obviously declined in contrast with the diphosphonate and control groups (P < 0.01),but there were no significant difference between the diphosphonate group and the control group.At 12 weeks,the model group showed higher level of BVF and BMD,but lower level of EM,RF and Von Mises stress in comparison with the control and diphosphonate groups (P < 0.01).EM,RF,and Von Mises stress were lower in the diphosphonate group than those in the control group as well,but the difference was statistically insignificant.The model group showed that BVF,BMD,EM,RF,and Von Mises stress at 12 weeks were improved from those at 4 weeks (P < 0.01).Conclusions Biomechanical properties of subchondral bone are affected in the early stage of knee joint instability and a notable decrease of EM is observed in the early stage,followed by an enhancement in late stage.It means that the biomechanical changes of subchondra,l bone in the early stage of knee joint instability may be connected with the bone resorption resulting from abnormal stress.On the contrary,diphosphonate may markedly improve EM of subchondral bone through inhibiting bone resorption.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 526-531, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434778

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the initial effect of LARS artificial ligaments arthroscopically in reconstruction of ipsilateral anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL).Methods A total of 21 patients (13 males and 8 females,at average age of 31.5 years) received ACL and PCL restoration using LARS artificial ligaments since June 2006.Preoperative MRI exactly confirmed them as ACL and PCL ruptures.Lysholm score on knee joint was (47.6 ±6.7) points.Surgery had reconstruction of PCL prior to ACL under arthroscope.Results All patients were followed up for average 42 months (range,36-49 months),which showed no infection,ligament rupture,ligament loosening,or other postoperative complications.At postoperative 3 years,Lysholm score was (90.8 ± 3.7) points and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score was normal in 14 patients,near normal in six,and abnormal in one,with excellent-good rate of 95%.Conclusions LARS artificial ligaments can attain anatomical reconstruction and stability of the knee joint in treatment of ACL and PCL ruptures.Meanwhile,arthroscopic surgery shows superiorities of micro-wound,rapid recovery and satisfactory curative effect.

12.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 532-535, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434765

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the outcome of dorsal double locking compression plate (LCP) in treatment of stretched unstable distal radial fractures.Methods Fourteen cases of stretched unstable distal radial fractures were treated by reduction and internal fixation using straight or L-shaped anatomic LCP via dorsal approach.Wrist functional exercise was conducted immediately after operation.Follow up was made after operation to assess motion pain,functional score of wrist,and complication incidence at postoperative 12 weeks,24 weeks,and 1 year.Results Follow-up was lasted for 5-24 months.At postoperative 12 weeks,24 weeks and 1 year,mean visual analogue scale (VAS) was (1.88 ±0.26) points,(0.87 ± 0.14) points and (0.37 ± 0.06) points respectively and wrist functional score (Gartland-Werley score) was (6.45 ± 1.72) points,(2.73 ± 0.52) points and (2.10 ± 0.31) points respectively.According to Garfland-Werley score in the latest follow-up,the results were excellent in 10 cases,good in two,and fair in two.Besides,one case was combined with myotenositis of extensor pollicis longus muscle tendon and another case with myotenositis of extensor tendon.Conclusion Dorsal double LCP is one of the effective methods for stretched unstable distal radial fractures that can reconstruct anatomical structure of the wrist efficiently and attain satisfactory functional recovery,with no obvious pain.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 362-368, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418688

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of diphosphonate on expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9) and cathepsin K(CK) in subchondral bone of unstable rabbit knee joints.Methods Fifty male New Zealand white rabbits were divided randomly into three groups according to random digits table:the control group (n=10),the model group (n=20).the diphosphonate group (n=20).Hulth model of unstable rabbit knee joint was achieved in the right knee joint.Ten rabbits from the diphosphonate group and 5 rabbits from the control group were sacrificed by aeroembolism at the second and tenth week postoperatively,respectively.Then the medial femoral condyles of the right knee were harvested.Specimens were processed for immunohistochemical analysis of MMP-9 and CK.Results Cells with expression of MMP-9 and CK could be found in the three groups at the second and tenth week after operation.Compared with the control group,there was a significant increase in the number of cells with expression of MMP-9 and CK in model group at the second and tenth week after operation.Diphosphonate could inhibit expression of MMP-9 and CK in cells.Compared with the model group,the number of cells with expression of MMP-9 and CK in diphosphonate group was fewer; there was a statistical significance between them.Conclusion Diphosphonate can inhibit the expression of MMP-9 and CK in subchondral bone of unstable rabbit knee joints,which can resist the bone resorption and protect articular cartilage.

14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1001-1005, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430733

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the key points of treating elder patients with hip fractures by hemiarthroplasty.Methods Clinical data of 138 elder patients with hip fractures undergone hemiarthroplasty between January 2008 and December 2010 were analyzed retrospectively.There were 43 males and 95 females at mean age of 82.8 years(range,75-103 years).Injury causes included fall from height(n=98),contusion(n=32)and sprain(n=8).There were 84 patients with femoral neck fractures(33 patients with Garden type Ⅲ,51 with type Ⅳ)and 54 patients with intertrochanteric fractures(three patients of Jensen-Evans type Ⅱ,six with type Ⅲ,25 with type Ⅳ,18 with type V,two with type R).Follow-up evaluation was performed using Harris scoring system.Results The ambulation period was average 4.5 days(range,3-12 days).Follow-up was average 24.4 months(range,10-45 months),which presented no loosening,subsidence or infection of prostheses.Due to additional trauma postoperatively,one patient suffered from prosthesis dislocation and two from fractures of distal prosthetic femoral shaft.Harris score at six months postoperatively was average 86.8 points(range,52-100 points),with excellent results in 42 patients,good in 59,fair in 19 and poor in five,with excellence rate of 80.8%.Conclusion With full accomplishment of peri-,intra-and post-operative measures,hemiarthroplasty is a suitable choice for treating hip fractures in the elderly patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 392-396, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426335

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of extramedullary fixation system,intramedullary fixation system and hip arthroplasty in treatment of intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly.MethodsThe retrospective study involved 184 patients treated between January 2007 and January 2011,which were assigned to dynamic hip screw (DHS) group (n =99),locking plate group (n =19 ),intramedullary fixation group (n =25) and joint replacement group (n =41 ).There were 80 males and 104 females,at age range of 60-99 years,mean (72.4 ± 3.9) years.According to the modified Evan classification,the fractures included type Ⅰ A in 20 patients,type Ⅰ B in 21,type Ⅱ in 75 and type Ⅲ in 68.The preoperative conditions,postoperative weight-bearing time,fracture heating time,hip function and complications were comparatively studied among four groups.ResultsThe patients were followed up for 7-22 months (mean 12 months).The four groups showed no significant differences regarding the gender,age,fracture types and medical complications.The postoperative weight-bearing time of the joint replacement group was significantly shorter than that of the other three groups,with statistical significance.The fracture healing time was insignificantly different among the four groups.The postoperative complications were found in 24 patients (13%),including 11 patients in the DHS group,six in the locking plate group,five in the intramedullary fixation group and two in the joint replacement group.Harris score was the highest in the joint replacement group,with statistical significance in comparison with the other three groups. ConclusionsIntramedullary fixation should be the treatment of choice for the patients with unstable,or severe osteoporosis fractures and with intolerance of joint replacement.Artificial bipolar femoral head replacement is suitable for the elderly patients with unstable or severe osteoporosis fractures,capability of walk or tolerance of operation.

16.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 402-406, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426316

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the clinical outcome of locking plate and hemiarthroplasty in treatment of Neer three- and four-part proximal humeral fractures.Methods A totalof 63 consecutive patients aged over 55 years with Neer three- and four-part proximal humeral fractures were treated surgically from June 2006 to June 2010.In the retrospective study,36 patients were treated by open reduction and locking plate fixation ( locking plate fixation group) and 27 patients treated by hemiarthroplasty (hemiarthroplasty group).Clinical outcomes including operation time,blood loss,visual analog scale ( VAS),Constant-Murley score and complications were evaluated.ResultsThe average 19.7 months follow-up showed complication rate of 28% in the locking plate group,including one patient with varss malunion,one with axillary nerve injury,one with humeral head necrosis,one with heterotopie calcification and four with impingement syndrome.The complication rate was 24% in the hemiarthroplasty group,including two patients with tuberosity nonunion,one with tuberosity migration,one with impingement syndrome and one with joint semiluxation.The mean Constant-Murley score of three-part fractures in the locking plate group was ( 76.5 ±5.8) points,better than (69.2 ±7.2) points in the hemiarthroplasty group (P <0.05 ).While the two groups showed no significant differences with regards to operation time,blood loss and visual analog scale (VAS).As for the four-part fractures,the mean operation time was shorter and the mean blood loss was less in the hemiarthroplasty group compared with the locking plate group (P <0.05),while there were no obvious differences in VAS score and Constant-Murley score between the two groups. Conclusions Both locking plate and hemiarthroplasty are the reliable methods for the three- and four-part proximal humeral fractures.The patients' age,bone quality,fracture type,comminution degree and evaluation of osteonecrosis possibility,are critical for surgery decision.

17.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 141-145, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414090

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the operation skills and clinical effects of C-arm fluoroscopy in arthroscopic reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament(ACL)with the Ligament Advancement Reinforcement System(LARS)artificial ligaments.Methods The study involved 36 patients with acute ACL rupture treated with the LARS artificial ligaments from June 2006.There were 25 males and 11 females,at age range of 22-51 years(average 28.3 years),involving 19 left knees and 17 right knees.The results of preoperative MRI of all patients suggested discontinuation of ACL,with average score of Lysholm on knee joint for 50.The operation was completed under arthroscope.While the locations of the femoral tunnel portal and the tibial tunnel exit were mainly determined by the C-arm fluoroscopy.The diameter of the LARS artificial ligament was 7.5 mm while that of the interference screw 8 mm.Results All 36 patients were followed up for a mean duration of 18 months(9-20 months).The average Lysholm Score was 52 preoperatively and 92 at the 12th week after operation.The clinical results were graded as excellent in 23 patients,good in nine and fair in four according to the Lysholm's classification,with excellence rate of 89%.Conclusions Arthroscopic reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament with LARS artifical ligament under C-arm fluoroscopy takes advantages of convenient operation,accurate location and satisfactory clinical effect.

18.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 718-721, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402904

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Autogenous bone has been used in cervical vertebra graft bone fusion in earliest stage and at most. However, its source is limited, simultaneously, induced many complications such as infection, hemorrhage and postoperative pain in the donor bone region. Recently, above-mentioned complications were avoided or reduced with the usage of new graft bone fusion material. OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical efficacy using MC+~R combination of autogenous bone or calcium sulfate artificial bone in antador cervical fusion.METHODS: A total of 26 patients (34 levels) with cervical spondylotic myelopathy underwent anterior cervical discectomy and cervical intervertebral fusion from January to December 2008. Anterior cervical oblique cut was 3.0-4.0 cm. The endplate were preserved after the cervical intervertebral disc and the posterior longitudinal ligament were removed. Autogenous bone group was filled with autogenous bone. Calcium sulfate artificial bone group was filled with Wdght's Osteoset artificial bone. Anchoring clip was implanted between the cervical vertebrae. Every patient had a short neck incision was assessed with X-ray, JOA grade and Odom's evaluation scale.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The two groups of 26 patients (34 segments)were followed up. The JOA score of postoperation was no significant difference between the two groups. According to the Odom's evaluation scale, the excellent and good rate of calcium sulfate group was higher than autogenous bone group, but there was not statistical significance (P>0.05). The fusion rate of autogenous bone group was higher than calcium sulfate group at 3 and 6 months, but the fusion rate of two groups were 100% at 12 months. Although the calcium sulfate group at 6 months, lordosis angle lost more than 0.4°than the autogenous bone group,but no significant statistically between the two groups (P>0.05). MC+ combination of autogenous bone or Calcium sulfate had the same clinical efficacy in the treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy, but the calcium sulfate artificial bone could be effectively avoided the complications of donor site.

19.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6639-6642, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402318

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Due to individual characteristics of human body, it is difficult to well match between standard prosthesis and patient skeleton. Computer-assisted design and manufacture of individualized prosthesis can effectively prolong artificial joint lifespan and quality and reduce revision rate. However, related studies are few in China.OBJECTIVE: To explore computer-assisted design for individualized femoral head prosthesis according to three-dimensional (3D)reconstruction of CT images for improving prosthesis and affected skeleton matching.METHODS: The CT scanning image of one healthy male volunteer, with no hip joint disease, was used. His femur was scanned with GE Speed Light CT with 3.0 mm thick cross-section slices. CT 2D images were transmitted to a computer. The medical image format was translated from DICOM into bmp. Inner and external bone contours were drawn automatically or by hand and processed digitally, and then these data were downloaded into 3D Mimics8.1, and Rapidform2004 software. The 3D femoral canal model was rendered. Femur canal contours curve was downloaded into the Solidworks2004 software in the form of dxf. Femoral prosthesis was designed on the base of femoral canal contours curve.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The CT image was transmitted in the form of vector by a set of self-made medical image processing software. The accurate 3D femoral internal/external outline model was obtained by CT 2D image and reverse technique. Suitable femoral prosthesis was designed by means of image reverse engineering and norientation CAD. Reverse engineering and CAD provide an effective way to develop individualized prosthesis, improve the matching of prosthesis and affected skeleton, prevent prosthesis loosening and improve long-term stability.

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Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 19-22, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379983

ABSTRACT

Objective To propose prevention and management of vascular crisis according to cause analysis, and improve the survival rate of digital replantation. Methods The vascular crisis of 132 digits of 98 cases were observed during intraoperative. The replantation was performed under different time and different conditions. The causes of vascular crisis, and propose effective prevention and management of vascular crisis were restrospective analysis. Results From March 2006 to June 2007, 35 amputated digits occurred vascular crisis during intraoperative, 19 amputated digits occurred during postoperative. After using warm physiological saline and injecting the papaverine partly, we proceed operations research with regard to the non-catabatic amputated digits. As result 58 digits survived, the achievement ratio was 89.2%. From July 2007 to March 2009, 10 amputated digits occurred vascular crisis during intraoperative,5 amputated digits occurred during postoperative. After non-surgical treatment, we performed operations research regard to the non-catabatic amputated digits. After blood supply recover, we imbed PCA pump into flex tendinous sheath to avoid the occurrence of vascular crisis postoperative. As result 66 digits survived, the achievement ratio was 98.5%. postoperative 9 cases out of fullow-up, 89 cases follow up ranged from 6 to 8 months. Recovery of the hand function was good. Conclusion Good and adequate anesthetic and an appropriate ambient temperature during operation are important factors to prevent occurrence of vascular crisis in digital replantation. Paying enough attention to these factors can effectively improve the survival rate of replantatian.

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