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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934097

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a China-made disposable peroral cholangioscope in animal cholangioscopy.Methods:Six healthy Bama minipigs underwent the domestic disposable peroral cholangioscopy after anesthesia. The operation performance and image quality of the products were evaluated, and intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded.Results:All 6 animals received the domestic disposable peroral cholangioscopy. The cholangioscope showed good operating performance and could smoothly enter the biliary tract through the duodenoscope. The water injection, suction and instrument channels were unobstructed. The cholangioscopic image was clear, the color resolution was good, and there was no image distortion. The lumen and the mucosal surface could be accurately assessed. During the examination, there was no operative injuries such as bleeding, perforation, or adverse events such as respiratory depression or cardiac arrest. All pigs survived the operation with no adverse reaction.Conclusion:The China-made disposable peroral cholangioscope is safe, with good operability and high-quality image.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 348-353, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873404

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of the Yap1 gene and tanshinone ⅡA on the proliferation, migration, and invasion abilities of Huh-7 hepatoma cells. MethodsA total of 10 pairs of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) samples and adjacent tissue samples were collected in Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University from June 1 to December 1, 2019. Quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to measure the expression of the Yap1 gene and phenotype-related molecules. MTT cell proliferation detection reagent was used to measure the inhibition rate of cell proliferation after the treatment with different concentrations of tanshinone ⅡA. Western blotting was used to measure the changes in the expression of apoptosis-and migration-related markers after different interventions. Flow cytometry and Transwell assay were used to measure apoptosis and cell migration and invasion abilities. The data of 375 cases of liver cancer and 50 cases of relatively normal liver tissue samples were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas, including clinicopathological information. The t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. ResultsIn 8 of the 10 pairs of HCC samples and adjacent tissue samples, HCC samples had significantly higher expression of Yap1 than the adjacent tissue samples. Compared with the normal human liver epithelial cells L02, the Huh-7 and HCCL-M3 hepatoma cells had a significant increase in the expression of Yap1. The silencing efficiency of si-Yap1-3 transfection reached 87.004% at the protein level. MTT results showed that tanshinone ⅡA effectively inhibited the proliferation of Huh-7 cells, with a half inhibitory concentration of 8.683 μmol/L. After the cells were treated with si-Yap1-3 and tanshinone ⅡA, there was an increase in the expression of the downstream marker for proliferation and migration E-cadherin and a reduction in the expression of vimentin, and the results of Transwell assay showed that compared with the si-NC group, the tanshinone ⅡA+si-Yap1-3 group had significant reductions in the migration and invasion abilities of Huh-7 cells (migration: 43.19±2.88 vs 132.20±10.03, t=8.527, P=0.001; invasion: 53.95±4.20 vs 179.10±11.11, t=4.484, P=0.011). The group treated with si-Yap1-3 and tanshinone ⅡA had an increase in the expression of the apoptosis-related marker Bax and a reduction in the expression of Bcl-2, as well as a significantly higher early apoptosis rate than the si-NC group (2598% vs 9.21%, χ2=4.078, P<0.05). ConclusionOncogene Yap1 silencing combined with tanshinone ⅡA can promote the apoptosis of Huh-7 hepatoma cells and inhibit their migration and invasion, which can provide certain guiding significance for clinical medication.

3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 263-268, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941271

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate whether the co-presence of carotid plaques and low ankle-brachial index (ABI) might increase the risks of ischemic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event in elderly population. Methods: It was a prospective study. Participants from the elderly cohort of the Kailuan Study, who completed a carotid sonography and ABI examination, were included in this study. Participants underwent physical examinations between 2010 and 2011 and were divided into 3 groups: no carotid plaque and ABI>0.9 group (n=526), carotid plaque and ABI>0.9 group (n=1 067), and carotid plaques and ABI≤0.9 group (n=49). Follow up ended on the 31 December 2016. The incidence of ischemic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event was compared between the 3 groups, the relationship between carotid plaque and low ABI with ischemic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event was analyzed. Results: A total of 1 642 participants were included (age, (67.1±6.4) years). There were 1 028 males (62.6%) and 1 028 females(37.4%). The average follow-up time was 5.41 years, the incidence of ischemic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event in the 3 group was 2.1%(11/526), 5.5%(59/1 067), and 12.2%(6/49),respectively; the incidence of myocardial infarction in the 3 group was 0.2%(1/526), 1.6%(17/1 067), 10.2%(5/49), respectively; the incidence of cerebral infarction in the 3 group was 1.9%(10/526), 3.9%(42/1 067) and 2.0%(1/49), respectively. Multivariate Cox risk proportional regression analysis showed that compared with the group without carotid plaque and ABI>0.9, the HR values (95%CI) of ischemic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event in the group with carotid plaque and ABI>0.9, carotid plaques and ABI≤0.9 group were 3.52 (1.49-8.35), 7.16(2.11-24.26) respectively, after adjusting for sex,age,systolic blood pressure,fast blood glucose,body mass index,total cholesterol,smoke,alcohol consumption and lipid-lowering medication and antihypertensive medication. Conclusions: Co-presence of carotid plaques and low ankle-brachial index may further increase the risk of ischemic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular event among elderly population in this cohort.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873159

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and mechanism of ginsenoside Rg1(G-Rg1)in ameliorating lipid uptake and oxidation in HepG2 cells induced by free fatty acids (FFA). Method:HepG2 cells were divided into normal group, model group,low-dose ginsenoside Rg1 group (25 μmol·L-1) and high-dose G-Rg1 group (50 μmol·L-1). HepG2 cells were treated with 1 mmol·L-1 free fatty acid for 24 h to construct the NAFLD cell model, and then treated with 25,50 μmol·L-1 G-Rg1 for 24 h. The effect of G-Rg1 on HepG2 cell activity was determined by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) assay. The level of triglyceride (TG) was detected by micro method. The accumulation of lipid droplets was observed by oil red O staining. Quantitative real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot were used to detect the alterations of key genes and proteins relating to lipid uptake and metabolism. Result:Compared with the normal group, the intracellular TG level and the absorbance of the oil red O staining in the model group were significantly increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, G-Rg1 reduced TG and lipid deposition were significantly reduced (P<0.01).Results of Real-time PCR and Western blot showed that compared with normal group, model group peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors gamma(PPARγ),fatty acid binding protein 1(FABP1),fatty acid transport protein 2/5(FATP2/5)and fatty acid translocase(CD36)expressions increased(P<0.05),whereas peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors α(PPARα),carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1(CPT1)and peroxisomal acyl-coenzyme A oxidase 1(ACOX1)expressions decreased(P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the expressions of PPARγ, FABP1, FATP2, FATP5 and CD36 in the G-Rg1 group were decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01), while the expressions of PPARα, CPT1 and ACOX1 were increased (P<0.05,P<0.01). Conclusion:G-Rg1 can ameliorate lipid deposition in NAFLD cell model by reducing lipid uptake and increasing lipid oxidation.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868544

ABSTRACT

Objective To preliminarily evaluate the clinical efficacy of endoscopic argon plasma coagulation (APC) combined with sub-mucosal injection of norepinephrine saline in the treatment of radiation proctitis (RP),especially for refractory RP.Methods Clinical data of 22 RP patients were retrospectively analyzed.The severity of RP was evaluated by a modified endoscopy scoring system (A) or Sherman's classification (B).The criteria of successful treatment are the improvement of clinical symptoms or the cessation of bleeding (or only occasional traces of blood on the stools that do not need further treatment).Results All 22 patients were successfully treated.Among them,18 patients (82%) had no bleeding.According to the classification of A,15 patients (68%) had mild proctitis and 7(32%) experienced severe proctitis.Based on B classification,9 patients (41%) were categorized as mild proctitis and 13(59%) as severe proctitis.Using the classification of A,the number of treatment sessions was significantly correlated with the endoscopic grade (or endoscopic total score) (Spearman's r=0.86,P<0.001).Conclusions Preliminary evidence demonstrates that endoscopic APC combined with sub-mucosal injection of norepinephrine saline is not only effective for mild and moderate RP,but also maintains long-term efficacy for refractory RP.Modified endoscopy scoring system (A) assessment is more suitable for clinical application compared with B assessment.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798803

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To preliminarily evaluate the clinical efficacy of endoscopic argon plasma coagulation (APC) combined with sub-mucosal injection of norepinephrine saline in the treatment of radiation proctitis (RP), especially for refractory RP.@*Methods@#Clinical data of 22 RP patients were retrospectively analyzed. The severity of RP was evaluated by a modified endoscopy scoring system (A) or Sherman′s classification (B). The criteria of successful treatment are the improvement of clinical symptoms or the cessation of bleeding (or only occasional traces of blood on the stools that do not need further treatment).@*Results@#All 22 patients were successfully treated. Among them, 18 patients (82%) had no bleeding. According to the classification of A, 15 patients (68%) had mild proctitis and 7(32%) experienced severe proctitis. Based on B classification, 9 patients (41%) were categorized as mild proctitis and 13(59%) as severe proctitis. Using the classification of A, the number of treatment sessions was significantly correlated with the endoscopic grade (or endoscopic total score)(Spearman’s r=0.86, P<0.001).@*Conclusions@#Preliminary evidence demonstrates that endoscopic APC combined with sub-mucosal injection of norepinephrine saline is not only effective for mild and moderate RP, but also maintains long-term efficacy for refractory RP. Modified endoscopy scoring system (A) assessment is more suitable for clinical application compared with B assessment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801105

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the sexual function, urinary function and quality of life in patients of ulcerative colitis(UC) and familial adenomatous polyposis(FAP) after total proctocolectomy and ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA).@*Methods@#The clinical data of patients with UC and FAP undergoing IPAA at Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University from Jan 2006 to Sep 2018 were reviewed , postoperative sexual function, urinary function, and long-term quality of life were assessed.@*Results@#There were 45 patients with median age of 35 years , median follow-up time of 31 months. 18 were UC, 27 were FAP, 5 did 1-stage surgery, 37 did 2-stage surgery, 3 for 3-stage surgery, 13 underwent open surgery, and 32 underwent laparoscopic surgery. 7 patients suffered sexual dysfunction after IPAA, and there was no statistical difference between male and female (P=0.992), UC and FAP (P=0.153), 1-stage , 2-stage , and 3-stage surgery (P=0.363) , with statistically significant difference between the open group and the laparoscopic group (P=0.025). 6 patients complicated with urinary dysfunction after IPAA , and there was no statistical difference between male and female (P=0.562), UC and FAP (P=0.325), 1-stage, 2-stage, and 3-stage surgery (P=0.286) , with statistically significant difference between the open group and the laparoscopic group (P=0.007). The Cleveland Global Quality of Life (CGQL) score after IPAA was 0.696±0.085. There were no statistical difference on CGQL scores in males and females (P=0.635), UC and FAP (P=0.664), 1-stage, 2-stage, and 3-stage (P>0.05), open group and laparoscopic group (P=0.205), postoperative long-term QOL was significantly associated only with age at the time of surgery (P=0.001).@*Conclusions@#Compared with open surgery, laparoscopic TPC-IPAA patients had better postoperative sexual function and urination function.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745873

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of acute pancreatitis after endoscopic retrograde chloangiopancreatography (ERCP).Methods Clinical date of 1 041 patients who underwent therapeutic ERCP from January 2016 to August 2017 in department of gastroenterology,Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University,were retrospectively studied.Among them post-ERCP pancreatitis developed in 53 patients (PEP group) and the remaining 988 patients were assigned in the non-PEP group.The clinical characteristics,procedures of ERCP,gastrointestinal symptoms and laboratory findings after ERCP were compared between two groups.The SPSS software (version 22.0) was applied to analyze the risk factors of PEP.Results The overall incidence rate of PEP was 5.09% (53/1 041).There were statistic difference in the number of white cells [8.56(5.43,12.23)× 109/L vs.7.12(5.58,9.20)× 109/L,Z=-2.122] and the ratio of neutrophils [0.82 ± 0.11 vs.0.76 ± 0.12,t=-3.612] after ERCP operation;the incidence of endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) [60.37%(32/53) vs.43.72%(432/988),x2=5.646] and endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD)[50.94%(27/53) vs.33.00%(326/988),x2=7.230] during operation,and periampullary diverticula [35.85%(19/53) vs.52.98%(523/988),x2=4.619] (all P<0.05).Logistic analysis indicated that the ratio of neutrophils was independent risk factor of PEP(OR=1.058,95%CI:1.019-1.098,P=0.003).Conclusion The number of white cells,the ratio of neutrophils after ERCP and endoscopic sphincterotomy,endoscopic papillary balloon dilation and periampullary diverticula are associated with PEP,while the ratio of neutrophils is the independent risk factor of PEP.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824743

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the sexual function,urinary function and quality of life in patients of ulcerative cohtis(UC) and familial adenomatous polyposis(FAP) after total proctocolectomy and ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA).Methods The clinical data of patients with UC and FAP undergoing IPAA at Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University from Jan 2006 to Sep 2018 were reviewed,postoperative sexual function,urinary function,and long-term quality of life were assessed.Results There were 45 patients with median age of 35 years,median follow-up time of 31 months.18 were UC,27 were FAP,5 did 1-stage surgery,37 did 2-stage surgery,3 for 3-stage surgery,13 underwent open surgery,and 32 underwent laparoscopic surgery.7 patients suffered sexual dysfunction after IPAA,and there was no statistical difference between male and female (P =0.992),UC and FAP (P =0.153),1-stage,2-stage,and 3-stage surgery (P =0.363),with statistically significant difference between the open group and the laparoscopic group (P =0.025).6 patients complicated with urinary dysfunction after IPAA,and there was no statistical difference between male and female (P =0.562),UC and FAP (P =0.325),1-stage,2-stage,and 3-stage surgery (P =0.286),with statistically significant difference between the open group and the laparoscopic group (P =0.007).The Cleveland Global Quality of Life (CGQL) score after IPAA was 0.696 ± 0.085.There were no statistical difference on CGQL scores in males and females (P =0.635),UC and FAP (P =0.664),1-stage,2-stage,and 3-stage (P > 0.05),open group and laparoscopic group (P =0.205),postoperative long-term QOL was significantly associated only with age at the time of surgery (P =0.001).Conclusions Compared with open surgery,laparoscopic TPC-IPAA patiems had better postoperative sexual function and urination function.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 596-600, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810121

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the incidence rate of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) complications in the treatment of cirrhotic portal hypertension, and analyze the cause of complication to management methods.@*Methods@#Data of 116 patients obtained from Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University were retrospectively analyzed. Portal venous pressure, routine blood test, coagulation test, liver and kidney function test, ammonia blood test, imaging and endoscopy reports were collected before and after procedure. The incidence rate of hepatic encephalopathy, gastrointestinal bleeding, ascites and shunt dysfunctions were observed. Data were expressed as mean ± Standard deviation and analyzed by t-test. A chi-squared test was used for comparison between categorical variables.@*Results@#The success rate of TIPS operation was 97.41% (113/116). Two patients underwent prompt TIPS procedure due to active bleeding. Bleeding was successfully stopped. Portal venous pressure of 113 patients decreased from (42.73 ± 7.64) cmH2O to (24.92 ± 7.60) cmH2O, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01). Twenty cases were of hepatic encephalopathy. Preoperative level of Child-pugh class C patients was more susceptible to hepatic encephalopathy within 3 months after procedure than class A and B. After TIPS procedure, there were 22 cases of gastrointestinal bleeding, 18 cases of shunt dysfunctions and 26 cases of disease related death.@*Conclusion@#Rational patient selection strategies can effectively reduce portal venous pressure, incidence of hepatic encephalopathy, improve mid-and long-term therapeutic effects, and provide opportunities for liver transplantation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701148

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the ameliorative effect of salvianolic acid B on vasodilatory function in diabetic rats and the possible mechanisms.METHODS:SD rats(n=40)were fed on high-sugar and high-fat diet for 4 weeks, followed by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin(40 mg/kg).The rats with random blood glucose level over 16.7 mmol/L were considered diabetic and randomly allocated to 3 groups, namely model group, low dose(80 mg· kg-1· d-1)of salvianolic acid B group and high dose(160 mg· kg-1· d-1)of salvianolic acid B group.The rats in salvianolic acid B groups were intragastrically administered with corresponding doses of salvianolic acid B for 6 weeks. Vasodilatory function was measured as endothelium-dependent and-independent vasodilation of the aortic rings.The primary histopathological changes of aorta were observed by HE staining.Serum levels of interleukin-6(IL-6),tumor necrosis fac-tor-α(TNF-α)and C-reactive protein(CRP)were measured by ELISA.The levels of total antioxidant capacity,malondi-aldehyde(MDA)and nitric oxide(NO)in aortic tissues were evaluated by colorimetric assays.The protein levels of inter-cellular adhesion molecule-1(ICAM-1)and monocyte chemotactic protein-1(MCP-1), and the activation of nuclear fac-tor-κB(NF-κB)were determined by Western blot.RESULTS: Treatment with salvianolic acid B evidently ameliorated endothelium-dependent diastolic function and pathological changes of aorta in diabetic rats(P<0.05 or P<0.01).Sup-plementation with salvianolic acid B resulted in significant increases in NO content and total antioxidant capacity in aortic tissues,accompanied by marked decreases in the level of MDA in aorta tissues and the serum levels of IL -6, TNF-αand CRP(P<0.05 or P<0.01).Salvianolic acid B markedly down-regulated NF-κB p65 nuclear translocation and protein expression of ICAM-1 and MCP-1 in aorta tissues(P<0.05 or P<0.01).CONCLUSION:Salvianolic acid B effectively ameliorates endothelium-dependent diastolic function of aorta in diabetic rats, which might be attributed to suppression of NF-κB activation and subsequent expression of inflammatory cytokines.The beneficial effect of salvianolic acid B on vascu-lar endothelium might be derived from its antioxidant capacity.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698243

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of laser artificial shrinkage(LAS)on pregnancy outcome in vitrification of human expanded blastocysts.Methods We selected 3859 frozen-thawed blastocyst-stage embryo transfers from January 2014 to December 2015.The transfers were divided into LAS group(n=3 176)and non-LAS group(n=683),which were then subdivided into <36 y subgroup and ≥36 y subgroup according to their age.Main outcomes measures were thawing rate,implantation rate and clinical pregnancy rate.Results Thawing rate, clinical pregnancy rate and implantation rate were 97.32%(5 453/5 603),66.81%(2 118/3 170),and 53.55%(2 912/5 438)in LAS group.In non-shrink group,they were 95.13%(1 173/1 233),62.70%(427/681),and 49.74%(582/1 170),which did not significantly differ from those in the former group(P<0.05).Further analysis of the subgroups showed that thawing rate was significantly higher in LAS group than in non-shrink group of patients<36 y(97.27% vs.95.33%;P<0.05).Thawing rate and biochemical pregnancy rate were significantly higher in LAS group than in non-shrink group in patients ≥36 y(97.75% vs.93.66%;65.45% vs.50.65%,P<0.05). Cancellation rate was not significantly different between the two groups(0.19% vs.0.29%, P > 0.05). Conclusion LAS technique can increase thawing rate,clinical pregnancy rate and implantation rate before cryopreservation of blastocysts.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737197

ABSTRACT

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disease and its involvement area in colon is influenced by a complex network of gene interactions.We analyzed the weighted gene co-expression networks in microarray dataset from colonic mucosa of patients with UC and identified one gene co-expression module that was highly associated with the progression of involved area in UC colon (Pearson coefficient=0.81,P<0.0001).In total,523 hub genes in this module were found to be involved in immune system process after enrichment analysis in Gene Ontology.By the STRING and Cytoscape analysis,we observed that interleukin-8 (IL-8) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) were centered in the network of hub genes.We then detected the expression of IL-8 and MMP-9 in mucosa from left-sided colon of patients using quantitative PCR and immunofluorescence assay respectively.Both quantitative PCR and immunofluorescence assay revealed the expression levels of IL-8 and MMP-9 were significantly different among the healthy controls,left-sided colitis group and pancolitis group (P<0.05).IL-8 and MMP-9 were detected with an enhanced expression in pancolitis as compared with left-sided colitis and healthy controls,respectively (P<0.05).This study demonstrates that immune system process is indispensable in the progression of disease in colon,and identifies that IL-8 and MMP-9 play potential critical roles for the progression.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735729

ABSTRACT

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disease and its involvement area in colon is influenced by a complex network of gene interactions.We analyzed the weighted gene co-expression networks in microarray dataset from colonic mucosa of patients with UC and identified one gene co-expression module that was highly associated with the progression of involved area in UC colon (Pearson coefficient=0.81,P<0.0001).In total,523 hub genes in this module were found to be involved in immune system process after enrichment analysis in Gene Ontology.By the STRING and Cytoscape analysis,we observed that interleukin-8 (IL-8) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) were centered in the network of hub genes.We then detected the expression of IL-8 and MMP-9 in mucosa from left-sided colon of patients using quantitative PCR and immunofluorescence assay respectively.Both quantitative PCR and immunofluorescence assay revealed the expression levels of IL-8 and MMP-9 were significantly different among the healthy controls,left-sided colitis group and pancolitis group (P<0.05).IL-8 and MMP-9 were detected with an enhanced expression in pancolitis as compared with left-sided colitis and healthy controls,respectively (P<0.05).This study demonstrates that immune system process is indispensable in the progression of disease in colon,and identifies that IL-8 and MMP-9 play potential critical roles for the progression.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775319

ABSTRACT

This study is to establish a pre-column derivatization procedure with 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone (PMP) UPLC-MS/MS method for the determination of the monosaccharide composition of 12 polysaccharides. At the same time, the monosaccharide components of polysaccharides in Armillaria gallica were analyzed. The separation was performed on a ACQUITY ZORBAX RRHD Eclipse Plus C₁₈ column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm),using 95% acetonitrile (A) and ammonium acetate-5% acetonitrile-water (B) as mobile phase with gradient elution. The target components were detected in multiple-reaction monitoring (MRM) mode by mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization (ESI) source operated in ionization mode. The results showed that based on the monosaccharides detection method established by UPLC-MS/MS, the linearity of the 12 monosaccharides components were linear in their linear range (R²>0.990), and the recovery rate were 92.30%-105.6%. 11 monosaccharides such as fructose, mannose, and glucose were detected in A. gallica samples. The method established in this experiment is robust, highly reproducible and accurate, and is suitable for the determination of monosaccharide components such as A. gallica.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Monosaccharides , Polysaccharides , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508389

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Background:Bioinformatics is an effective technology for microarray data mining and gene function prediction. Aims:To analyze the gene CRELD2 that associated with pathogenesis,disease activity and efficacy of biological agents in ulcerative colitis( UC)by bioinformatics to provide a theoretical basis for subsequent studies on its biological function and molecular mechanism in the development and progress of UC. Methods:The microarray data associated with pathogenesis, disease activity and efficacy of biological agents in UC were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus( GEO database);the data mining and analyses were conducted by using bioinformatics tools such as BRB-ArrayTools, ProtParam,ELM,SignalP 4. 1,PBIL-IBCP Lyon Gerland,GO and STRING. Results:Cross-over analyses revealed that expressions of four genes(CDC25B,CRELD2,IL1RN,PITPNC1)were up-regulated in the order from colonic mucosa of healthy subjects,un-inflamed mucosa of active UC patients to inflamed mucosa of active UC patients,meanwhile these four genes were significantly down-regulated in infliximab responders after treatment when compared with that before treatment and infliximab non-responders. The function of CRELD2 gene was unknown. Bioinformatics analyses showed that CRELD2 gene was located on the long arm of chromosome 22(22q13. 33),and encoded a secreted protein composed of 402 amino acids. This protein contained several epidermal growth factor( EGF)-like domains,mainly distributed in Golgi apparatus, endoplasmic reticulum and extracellular site and had calcium- and protein-binding effect. Interactions existed between CRELD2 and CHRNA4,CHRNB2 and RHBDD3 proteins. Conclusions:Gene CRELD2 may have EGF-like biological function and via participating directly or indirectly the regulation of immunocytes to affect the pathogenesis and disease activity of UC. It might be used as a biomarker for diagnosis and assessment of disease activity and therapeutic efficacy of UC. Furthermore,it might be a potential target for treatment of UC.

17.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 481-485, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496125

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Objective To study adhesion and invasion of adherent-invasive Escherichia coli strains and its ability of survival and proliferation in macrophage cells.Methods Bacteria from the mucosa tissues of ileum,colon and rectum of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)patients were isolated,cultured and identified.The toxic genes were confirmed by polymerase chain reaction.The adhesion and invasion ability of bacteria and its survival and proliferation ability in macrophage cells were observed after co-culture with cells.Results Five adherent-invasive Escherichia coli strains were isolated from the intestinal mucosa specimens of two patients with Crohn′s disease and one patient with ulcerative colitis.The adhesion rates of five bacteria stains (2A,2B,15A,15B,19B)to Caco-2 cells were (1 .4 ± 1 .3 )%,(1 .5 ± 0.6 )%, (0.6±0.1)%,(1 .4±0.4)% and (1 .1 ±0.8)%,respectively.The adhesion rates to Int-407 cells were (1 .0±0.8)%,(1 .5 ±0.8)%,(1 .0 ±0.8 )%,(1 .0 ±0.8 )% and (0.3 ±0.0 )%,respectively.The invasion rates to Hep-2 cells were (10.1 ±7.0)%,(0.7 ±0.4)%,(0.4 ±0.3 )%,(2.2 ±1 .0)% and (2.1 ±1 .8)%,respectively.The invasion rates to Int-407 cells were (0.7 ±0.5 )%,(0.5 ±0.3 )%, (2.8±1 .2 )%,(0.7 ±0.5 )% and (0.5 ±0.4)%,respectively.All five adherent-invasive Escherichia coli strains could survive and proliferate in macrophage cells.Conclusions Five adherent-invasive Escherichia coli strains are isolated for the first time in Chinese patients with IBD,and all of them could survive and proliferate in macrophage cells.

18.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 182-187, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488991

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Objective To investigate genes and involved biological processes closely associated with stem cell markers of colorectal cancer-epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) + and CD44+.Methods By the bioinformatics method,with microarray data of colorectal cancer from gene expression omnibus (GEO) database and R2 platform,the genes significantly related with CD44 and EpCAM expression were screened out.The differences in expression of related genes were analyzed on the basis of gender,family history of cancer,alcohol and Dukes stage.The expression of related genes in colorectal cancer was compared with that of other tumors and healthy subjects.At same time,the pathways of the genes and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) of CD44 and EpCAM significantly related genes were analyzed with gene ontology (GO) and KEGG method.Single factor analysis of variance and Chi-square test of four-fold table with correction for continuity were used for statistical analysis by R2 platform embedded statistical tools.Results The expressions of CD44 and EpCAM were detected in all 315 colorectal cancer samples.A total of 888 and 6 316 genes were screened out which were significantly associated with CD44 and EpCAM expression.CD44 was positively correlated with EpCAM.There was no obvious correlation between the expression of five genes which expressed in all 315 tissues and gender family history of cancer,alcohol and Dukes stage (all P>0.05).By further compared with the expression in other tumors and tissues,the expressions of two genes solute carrier family 12,member 2 (SLC12A2) and proteome of centriole 1 centriolar protein B (POC1B) in colorectal tumor were significantly higher than that in other tumors (F=289.422、128.456,all P<0.01),and its expression in colorectal cancer was obviously higher than that in tissues of health subjects (F=349.519、128.456,all P<0.01).GO analysis indicated there were 15 GO semantics related with both CD44 and EpCAM.The genes related with CD44 and EpCAM were analyzed by KEGG access pathway method,while seven and 10 pathways were found to be statistically significant (all P<0.01).Conclusions CD44 and FpCAM commonly expressed in colorectal cancer.The genes related with CD44 and EpCAM expression are involved in multiple tumor biological processes.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638130

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to determine the expression levels of IL-17 in serum and IL-17 receptor (IL-17R) in intestinal mucosa tissue in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and con-trols, and evaluate their relationship with disease activity and explore the role of IL-17 in the patho-genesis of UC. A total of 36 Chinese UC patients and 60 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Serum IL-17 and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were determined by ELISA and immu-nonephelometry, respectively. The IL-17R mRNA expression levels were detected by quantitative PCR. Serum IL-17 levels were significantly elevated in UC patients as compared with those in the healthy controls (P<0.05). Among UC patients, serum IL-17 levels were significantly increased in active phase as compared with those in inactive phase (P<0.05), and correlated with CRP levels (r=0.578, P<0.01). IL-17R expression levels were higher in active UC patients than in healthy con-trols (P<0.05). It was concluded that IL-17 levels were highly expressed in UC, especially in active phase, and correlated with CRP levels in UC patients.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250310

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to determine the expression levels of IL-17 in serum and IL-17 receptor (IL-17R) in intestinal mucosa tissue in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and controls, and evaluate their relationship with disease activity and explore the role of IL-17 in the patho-genesis of UC. A total of 36 Chinese UC patients and 60 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Serum IL-17 and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were determined by ELISA and immunonephelometry, respectively. The IL-17R mRNA expression levels were detected by quantitative PCR. Serum IL-17 levels were significantly elevated in UC patients as compared with those in the healthy controls (P<0.05). Among UC patients, serum IL-17 levels were significantly increased in active phase as compared with those in inactive phase (P<0.05), and correlated with CRP levels (r=0.578, P<0.01). IL-17R expression levels were higher in active UC patients than in healthy controls (P<0.05). It was concluded that IL-17 levels were highly expressed in UC, especially in active phase, and correlated with CRP levels in UC patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biomarkers , Blood , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Colitis, Ulcerative , Blood , Pathology , Female , Humans , Interleukin-17 , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , RNA, Messenger , Blood , Receptors, Interleukin-17 , Genetics , Metabolism
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