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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878305

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Several COVID-19 patients have overlapping comorbidities. The independent role of each component contributing to the risk of COVID-19 is unknown, and how some non-cardiometabolic comorbidities affect the risk of COVID-19 remains unclear.@*Methods@#A retrospective follow-up design was adopted. A total of 1,160 laboratory-confirmed patients were enrolled from nine provinces in China. Data on comorbidities were obtained from the patients' medical records. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio ( @*Results@#Overall, 158 (13.6%) patients were diagnosed with severe illness and 32 (2.7%) had unfavorable outcomes. Hypertension (2.87, 1.30-6.32), type 2 diabetes (T2DM) (3.57, 2.32-5.49), cardiovascular disease (CVD) (3.78, 1.81-7.89), fatty liver disease (7.53, 1.96-28.96), hyperlipidemia (2.15, 1.26-3.67), other lung diseases (6.00, 3.01-11.96), and electrolyte imbalance (10.40, 3.00-26.10) were independently linked to increased odds of being severely ill. T2DM (6.07, 2.89-12.75), CVD (8.47, 6.03-11.89), and electrolyte imbalance (19.44, 11.47-32.96) were also strong predictors of unfavorable outcomes. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease on admission (5.46, 3.25-9.19), while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes (6.58, 1.46-29.64) within two weeks.@*Conclusion@#Besides hypertension, diabetes, and CVD, fatty liver disease, hyperlipidemia, other lung diseases, and electrolyte imbalance were independent risk factors for COVID-19 severity and poor treatment outcome. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease, while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , COVID-19/virology , China/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 762-764, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695302

ABSTRACT

·AIM: To observe the clinical efficacy of fumigation treatment of traditional Chinese medicine(Four Yellow Qing Ling Water) for dry eye, and to provide the reference for clinical treatment of dry eye. · METHODS: Totally 82 patients (164 eyes) were randomly divided into two groups from June 2016 to December 2016 in Ophthalmology Department of our hospital. The patients in control group were given artificial tears;the patients in the observation group were given artificial tears and fumigation treatment of traditional Chinese(Four Yellow Qing Ling Water) once a day. After treatment for 14d, the SchirmerⅠtest (SⅠt), break-up time (BUT), cornea fluorescein staining (FL) and clinical efficacy of two groups were compared. ·RESULTS:The efficiency rate of observation group was significantly better than the control group (87. 8% vs 70.7%,P<0.5). The SⅠt and BUT in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (8.43 ± 2.51mm/5min vs 6.38 ± 2.52mm/5min, P<0.05;8.60±2.47s vs 6.35±2.29s, P<0.05); the FL in the observation group (0.84 ± 0.75 vs 1.26 ± 0.84, P<0.05) significantly lower than those in the control group. ·CONCLUSION: The fumigation treatment of traditional Chinese medicine (Four Yellow Qing Ling Water) combined with artificial tears for dry eyes can improve the clinical symptoms of dry eye syndrome.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311596

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the interaction domains between BCR-ABL and E3 liagase c-CBL, so as to reveal the structure-basis for the arsenic to treat chronic myelogenous leukemia(CML).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The interactional interface of BCR-ABL and c-CBL was simulated and analyzed according to the available structure model. Based on the structural information, the WT and mutant Migr1-BCR-ABL-GFP (ΔSH2,ΔTyrKC,ΔSH2/TyrKC (S/H) and pFlag-c-CBL (ΔRF) were constructed and co-transfected into the 293T and HeLa cells. The co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) was performed by using M2 beads (anti-Flag), anti-GFP antibody and protein A beads, and the interaction was identified by using GFP and M2 antibody, respectively. Moreover, the colocalization of BCR-ABL and c-CBL was further evaluated by using immunofluorescent(IF) assay in transfected HeLa cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Co-IP demonstrated that the TyrKC domain of BCR-ABL was primarily involved in the interaction with c-CBL, while both the SH2 domain of BCR-ABL and the RF domain of c-CBL also participated in the interaction to a certain degree, which were consistent with the structure-based simulation. IF elucidated that the colocalization of BCR-ABL and c-CBL was almost entirely vanished when the deleted TyrKC domain of BCR-ABL was co-transfected with c-CBL, which were elegantly coincident with the results from Co-IP.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The TyrKC domain of BCR-ABL is sufficient and necessary to mediate the interaction between BCR-ABL and c-CBL, the SH2 domain of BCR-ABL and the RF domain of c-CBL are also involved in the association between the two proteins. It suggests that the association of BCR-ABL and c-CBL can modulate the stability and degradation of BCR-ABL, thus illustrating the molecular mechanisms of the targeting therapy for CML by arsenic.</p>

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283993

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effect of GATA-2 over-expression on function of mouse fetal liver hematopoietic stem cells. GATA-2 was introduced into mouse fetal liver cells via retrovirus mediated transduction with GFP as a detecting marker. Flow cytometry, colony-forming assay and cell cycle assay were used to detect the biologic changes of these retrovirus infected mouse fetal liver hematopoietic stem cells. The results showed that GATA-2 over-expression increased the Lin(-)Sca1(+)C-Kit(+) (LSK) population dramatically. Cell cycle of LSK cells didn't show abnormal, while colony forming ability decreased significantly. These data indicated that GATA-2 over-expression inhibited definitive differentiation of mouse fetal liver hematopoietic stem cells. It is concluded that over-expression of GATA-2 can significantly raise the LSK cell proportion in mouse fetal liver and inhibit the differentiation capability, the underlying mechanisms may be related to up-regulation of Hes-1, which may lead to the blocking of cell differentiation at the stem/progenitor cell stage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Female , GATA2 Transcription Factor , Genetics , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Liver , Cell Biology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307974

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To characterize the structural and the functional feature of a novel gene HSPCSET isolated from human CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HS/PCs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Bioinformatic technology was used to identify the structural features of the HSPCSET protein and perform the multiple sequence alignment. Yeast-two-hybrid system was used to identify the proteins interacting with the HSPCSET protein. After sequencing, we selected out the positive clones which had clear functions, and carried out beta-gal experiment and GST pull down assay to confirm the results. The cellular location of the HSPCSET was checked by immunofluorescence assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The HSPCSET protein belongs to a SET domain family, which is evolutionarily conserved across species. It implied that HSPCSET may have biologically important function. Using yeast-two-hybrid system, we showed that the protein sequence with SET domain might bind to 13 proteins, which involved in signaling transduction, transcriptional regulation, apoptosis, tumorigenesis, development, etc. And 4 proteins (GADD34, SIVA, DNAJ and PHF1) were confirmed by one-on-one back of the hybrid experiment, beta-gal test and GST pull down assay. When GADD34 and HSPCSET were co-transfected, they co-localized in the nucleus, suggesting a strong interaction.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The novel gene HSPCSET is likely to have biologically important function. This study provides the basis for further studies of its function in hematopoiesis and tumorigenesis.</p>


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Antigens, Differentiation , Metabolism , Cell Cycle Proteins , Metabolism , Computational Biology , Conserved Sequence , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Metabolism , Humans , Molecular Sequence Data , Protein Phosphatase 1 , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid , Two-Hybrid System Techniques
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640891

ABSTRACT

0.05). Conclusion The labeling of iTRAQ in HK-2 cells is successful with favourable reproducibi-lity,which lays a foundation for the further research of proteomics in renal diseases.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352054

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to explore the effect of different conditions on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis of proteins from human acute promyelocytic leukemia cell line NB4. The 24 cm pH 3-10 linear immobilized pH gradient (IPG) strips were chosen, the isoelectric focusing was carried out by using IPGphor. Then, the second-dimensional SDS-PAGE was performed. After silver staining, the gel was analyzed by ImageMaster 2D Elite. The results showed that low ion intensity sample washing buffer improved the performance of isoelectric focusing. The lysis buffer containing 7 mol/L urea and 40 mmol/L DTT could solubilize the most proteins from NB4 cell line. The rehydration solution containing thiourea and urea increased the low molecular weight protein points to be resolved in the area of basic end. The reasonable sample load and Volt/hour of NB4 were about 100 micro g and 63 200 V/h for the 24 cm pH 3-10 IPG strips. It is concluded that the proteins from NB4 and similar cell line are complicated and affected by many factors, so that, it is very important to select the right methods for sample preparation and the conditions of two-dimensional gel electrophoresis.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Humans , Isoelectric Focusing , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Metabolism , Pathology , Neoplasm Proteins
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329420

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the biological function of fusion gene HRX-EEN and its role in leukemogenesis, and to provide an ideal animal model for anti-leukemia drug screening.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HRX-EEN fusion gene was constructed by use of three different DNA fragments, and it was inserted into hCG transgenic vector. G(0) transgenic mice were obtained by microinjection of the recombined DNA into the pronucleus of zygotes, followed by implantation of the injected zygotes into pseudopregnant mice. The integration of the transgene was tested by PCR and its expression by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The sequence of recombined HRX-EEN gene was confirmed by sequencing. PCR testing revealed a total of 7 G(0) transgenic mice, these mice were then mated with C57 wild type mice. Except mouse No. 35 that died, the others all had their F1 offsprings. From these 6 lines of transgenic mice, HRX-EEN gene was found to be stably expressed in 3 lines by RT-PCR. Up to now, all transgenic mice expressing the fusion gene have no obvious abnormal phenotypes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A transgenic mice model in which the HRX-EEN fusion gene can be stably expressed has been established.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Mice , Mice, Transgenic , Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Proteins , Genetics , Proto-Oncogenes , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Genetics , Transcription Factors
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