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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1561-1565, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To perform dried blood spots thalassemia gene detection in patients with positive blood phenotypes by microarray technology, and evaluate its value in clinical detection.@*METHODS@#DNA samples were extracted from dried blood spots of 410 patients. Microarray technology was used to detect 3 deletion and 3 non-deletion types of α-thalassemia and 19 β-thalassemia point mutations which were common gene mutions in China.@*RESULTS@#There were 357 positive cases in all the 410 tested samples with the positive rate 87.07%, among which 299 cases (72.93%) carried deletion or point mutations of α-thalassemia, 29 cases (7.07%) carried point mutations of β-thalassemia and 29 cases (7.07%) carried gene mutations of complex αβ-thalassemia syndrome. The mutations of α-thalassemia were involved with --@*CONCLUSION@#The most common genetic mutations are --


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Mutation , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1907-1910, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922222

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To proceed the clinical evaluation of DNA microarray for thalassemia gene detection.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of 166 thalassemia gene test subjects were collected and tested for thalassemia genes by microarray chip method and Gap-PCR method combined with PCR-reverse dot blot hybridization method according to double-blind control test. The specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and total coincidence rate of the microarray chip method were evaluated. When the two methods were inconsistent, multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was used to verify the deletional α-thalassemia.@*RESULTS@#Compared with Gap-PCR method, specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, Youden index, and total coincidence rate of microarray chip method was 100% (70/70), 96.88% (93/96), 100% (93/93), 95.89% (70/73), 0.969, and 97.59% (162/166), respectively, while compared with PCR-reverse dot blot hybridization method was 100% (125/125), 100% (41/41), 100% (41/41), 100% (125/125), 1, and 100% (166/166), respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The microarray chip method for α-thalassemia gene detection shows the advantages of high specificity, sensitivity, and throughput.


Subject(s)
Genetic Testing , Humans , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics
3.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833693

ABSTRACT

Background@#Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) are bioactive substances extracted from P. notoginseng that are widely used to treat cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and interstitial diseases. PNS have the functions of scavenging free radicals, anti-inflammation, improving blood supply for tissue and so on. @*Objectives@#The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of PNS on the oxidative stress of immune cells induced by porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) infection in vitro and in vivo. @*Methods@#Using an oxidative stress model of PCV2 infection in a porcine lung cell line (3D4/2 cells) and mice, the levels of nitric oxide (NO), reactive oxygen species (ROS), total glutathione (T-GSH), reduced glutathione (GSH), and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) and the activities of xanthine oxidase (XOD), myeloperoxidase (MPO) and inducible nitric oxide synthetase (iNOS) were determined to evaluate the regulatory effects of PNS on oxidative stress. @*Results@#PNS treatment significantly reduced the levels of NO and ROS, the content of GSSG and the activities of XOD, MPO, and iNOS (p < 0.05), while significantly increasing GSH and the ratio of GSH/GSSG in infected 3D4/2 cells (p < 0.05).Similarly, in the in vivo study, PNS treatment significantly decreased the level of ROS in spleen lymphocytes of infected mice (p < 0.05), increased the levels of GSH and T-GSH (p < 0.05), significantly decreased the GSSG level (p < 0.05), and decreased the activities of XOD, MPO, and iNOS. @*Conclusions@#PNS could regulate the oxidative stress of immune cells induced by PCV2 infection in vitro and in vivo.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307563

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of salvianolic acid B (SalB) on high energy phosphate and activity of ATPase of cerebral ischemia in mice, and to study the role of SalB on hydrocephalus further.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>NIH mice were divided into four groups randomly: Sham-operated group, cerebral ischemia group, SalB-treated group and Nimodipine (Nim)-collated group. In Sal B-treated group, mice were injected with SalB (22.5 mg x kg(-1)) in vena caudalis at 30 min before the experiment. In Nim-collated group, Nim (0.03 mg x kg(-1)) was injected into tail vein at the same time, while the mice in Sham-operated group and cerebral ischemia group were injected the same volume normal saline. The acute cerebral ischemia model was established by ligating bilateral common carotid arteries for 30 min in mice, then the mice were killed and the content of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP), adenosine monophosphate (AMP), phosphocreatine (PCr) were observed, and the cerebral energy charge (EC) was computed. At the same time, activity of Na(+) -K(+) -ATPase and Ca2(+) -ATPase, content of water in brain tissue were measured.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with cerebral ischemia group, EC and content of ATP, ADP, PCr in SalB-treated group heightened evidently (P < 0.01). Moreover, activity of Na(+)-K+ ATPase and Ca2+ ATPase in SalB-treated group had a remarkable increase (P < 0.01). But the content of water in brain tissue decreased markedly (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The mechanism that SalB can relieve content of water in brain tissue of cerebral ischemia in mice, may be associated with improving the content of high-energy phosphoric acid compounds and enhancing the activity of ATPase.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenosine Diphosphate , Metabolism , Adenosine Monophosphate , Metabolism , Adenosine Triphosphatases , Metabolism , Adenosine Triphosphate , Metabolism , Animals , Benzofurans , Pharmacology , Brain , Metabolism , Pathology , Brain Ischemia , Calcium-Transporting ATPases , Metabolism , Energy Metabolism , Male , Mice , Phosphocreatine , Metabolism , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Random Allocation , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry , Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase , Metabolism , Water , Metabolism
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331733

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the antifebrile effect of Naoreqing (NRQ) oral liquid on secretive function of vaso-endothelial cells in rabbits with endotoxic fever.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Endotoxic fever rabbit model was duplicated to observe the effects of NRQ on body temperature, blood levels of thromboxane B2 (TXB2), 6-keto-prostaglandin F1alpha (6-keto-PGF1alpha) and endothelin (ET) using radioimmunoassay, as well as activity of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) in plasma by chromophoric substrate assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Comparisons of various indexes between the two groups showed significantly difference, i.e. the maximal increment of body temperature: 0.69 +/- 0.07 degrees C vs 1.31 +/- 0.13 degrees C (the NRQ treated group vs the untreated model group, the same hereafter); 2h thermal response index TRI2 4.85 +/- 0.57 vs 8.44 +/- 0.98; plasma ET content 197.96 +/- 39.11 ng/L vs 250.80 +/- 40.99 ng/L; TXB2 content 177.35 +/- 77.30 ng/L vs 279.64 +/- 83.74 ng/L; activity of PAI 0.84 +/- 0.01AU/ml vs 0.86 +/- 0.01 AU/ml; plasma 6-keto-PGF1alpha content 986.70 +/- 327.36 ng/L vs 507.81 +/- 170.01 ng/L; activity of t-PA 0.25 +/- 0.02 IU/ml vs 0.21 +/- 0.02 IU/ml (P < 0.05, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>NRQ may improve secretive function of vaso-endothelial cells to dilate blood vessel and quicken heat dissipation through body surface, so as to play an integral antipyretic effect in rabbits with endotoxic fever.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Endothelium, Vascular , Bodily Secretions , Endotoxemia , Fever , Drug Therapy , Male , Phytotherapy , Rabbits , Random Allocation
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