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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2905-2909, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877912

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Benvitimod cream, a novel synthetic small molecule, was effective in treating mild-to-moderate plaque psoriasis. We conducted a phase III clinical trial to assess the efficacy and safety of benvitimod cream in patients with mild-to-moderate plaque psoriasis.@*METHODS@#We randomly assigned 686 patients (2:1:1) to receive 1% benvitimod cream, 0.005% calcipotriol ointment or placebo twice a day for 12 weeks. The primary efficacy end points were the percentage of patients with a 75% or greater reduction from baseline in the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI 75) score and with a score of 0 or 1 in static physician's global assessment (sPGA) at week 12.@*RESULTS@#The results showed that 50.4% of patients in the benvitimod group achieved PASI 75, which was significantly higher than that in the calcipotriol (38.5%, P < 0.05) and placebo (13.9%, P < 0.05) groups. The proportion of patients achieving an sPGA score 0 or 1 was 66.3% in the benvitimod group and 63.9% in the calcipotriol group, which were both significantly higher than that in the placebo group (34%, P < 0.05). In the long-term follow-up study, 50.8% of patients experienced recurrence. After retreatment with 1% benvitimod, 73.3% of patients achieved an sPGA score of 0 or 1 again at week 52. Adverse events included application site irritation, follicular papules, and contact dermatitis. No systemic adverse reactions were reported.@*CONCLUSION@#During this 12-week study, benvitimod cream was demonstrated with high effectiveness and safety in patients with mild-to-moderate plaque psoriasis.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR), ChiCTR-TRC-13003259; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showprojen.aspx?proj=6300.


Subject(s)
Double-Blind Method , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Ointments , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Resorcinols , Severity of Illness Index , Stilbenes , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257655

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discribe the characteristic dermoscopic features of melasma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 20 patients with typical clinical presentations of melasma were included in this study. The melasma lesion and its surrounding normal skin were evaluated using dermatoscope.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Melasma lesions manifested light yellow brown uniform patches in all patients, among whom dark brown patches were found in 19 patients, capillary network in 14 patients,and coarse hair in 6 patients. In contrast, no light yellow brown uniform patch was found in the normal skin in all patients (P<0.001), among whom dark brown patches were found in 10 patients (P<0.001), capillary network in 12 patients (P>0.05), and coarse hair in 2 patients (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Light yellow brown uniform patches and dark brown patches are two major dermoscopic features of melasma.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Melanosis , Skin
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257652

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the needs and applications of using cloud database in the daily practice of dermatology department.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The cloud database was established for systemic scleroderma and localized scleroderma. Paper forms were used to record the original data including personal information, pictures, specimens, blood biochemical indicators, skin lesions,and scores of self-rating scales. The results were input into the cloud database. The applications of the cloud database in the dermatology department were summarized and analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The personal and clinical information of 215 systemic scleroderma patients and 522 localized scleroderma patients were included and analyzed using the cloud database. The disease status,quality of life, and prognosis were obtained by statistical calculations.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The cloud database can efficiently and rapidly store and manage the data of patients with skin diseases. As a simple, prompt, safe, and convenient tool, it can be used in patients information management, clinical decision-making, and scientific research.</p>


Subject(s)
Databases, Factual , Humans , Prognosis , Quality of Life , Scleroderma, Localized , Scleroderma, Systemic
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3910-3914, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236140

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The nevus of Ota, is a common benign pigmentary dermatosis, mainly involve innervation area of first and second branch of trigeminal nerve. The classification of nevus of Ota was proposed by Tanino, based on 26 cases of nevus of Ota from 1937 to 1940. Studies about its classification are rarely seen in last 70 years, while it is still practical today.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on the clinical photographs, 1079 consecutive patients with nevus of Ota were verified and reclassified according to the innervation areas of the trigeminal nerve branches.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In these 1079 cases, 866 patients were in line with Tanino's classification (80.26%), and 213 patients were not (19.74%). We put forward a new clinical classification (Peking Union Medical College Hospital classification, PUMCH classification) of nevus of Ota based on the innervation area of the trigeminal nerve branches, composed of 5 types and 14 subtypes. The 5 types were as follows: Type I - pigmentation maculeses involving the innervation area of one of the three trigeminal nerve branches, of which there were 424 cases (39.3%), comprising 6 subtypes; Type II - pigmentation macules involving the innervation area of two branches of the three trigeminal nerve branches, of which there were 221 cases (20.48%), comprising 4 subtypes; Type III - pigmentation macules involving the innervation area of all three trigeminal nerve branches, of which there were 361 cases (33.45%), comprising 2 subtypes; Type IV - bilateral type, in which the pigmentation macules involves the bilateral cheek, of which there were 63 cases (5.84%), comprising 2 subtypes; and Type V - complications occurred in the patient, of which there were 10 cases (0.93%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The new classification of nevus of Ota is based on the innervation area of the trigeminal nerve branches, and it covers all types of Tanino's classifications; on that basis, some new types and subtypes are brought in and cover almost every clinical condition.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Nevus of Ota , Classification , Diagnosis , Trigeminal Nerve , Pathology , Young Adult
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352940

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the correlation between blood eosinophil (EOS)level and steroid doses in patients of bullous pemphigoid (BP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 82 untreated BP inpatients (n=49) and outpatients (n=33) were enrolled in this study. The blood EOS level and the steroid doses before and after treatment were recorded. The correlation between EOS level and steroid doses was analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>EOS increased in 69 BP patients (84.15%); on the contrary, only 10% of normal controls had increased EOS (t=1.99,P<0.001). In 44 inpatients, the blood EOS remained high before steroid treatment, and quickly returned to normal level after the disease became stable. There was a linear correlation between EOS and steroid doses (Spearman analysis,r=0.496,P<0.001). In 5 patients who were treated by non-steroid approach, EOS level also declined after the disease was resolved.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EOS can be one of useful indicators for the application of steroids in the treatment of BP.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Eosinophils , Female , Humans , Leukocyte Count , Male , Middle Aged , Pemphigoid, Bullous , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Retrospective Studies , Steroids , Therapeutic Uses
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352994

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical and histopathological manifestations, therapy and prognosis of lupus erythematosus panniculitis (LEP).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data and histopathological features of 22 cases of LEP diagnosed at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2008 to February 2010.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The lesions appeared as atrophy, erythema, subcutaneous nodules, infiltrated erythema, and ulceration over the scalp, face, upper limbs, and buttock. Histopathological features were lobular panniculitis in the subcutaneous fat; sometimes septal panniculitis could be seen. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate and corticosteroid were effective treatment; most patients responded well to the treatment, while a few experienced recurrence when the treatment tapped or discontinued.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>LEP is a rare cutaneous variant of lupus erythematosus. The diagnosis of LEP is mainly based on clinical findings and pathological features. Hydroxychloroquine and low- and middle-dose corticosteroid are effective for the treatment of LEP.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Panniculitis, Lupus Erythematosus , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259078

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical and pathologic characteristics of patients with scleredema.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The clinical and pathologic data of 67 outpatients with scleredema who were admitted to PUMC Hospital from 1982 to 2008 were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Neck and upper back lesions were detected in all patients, but no hand or foot involvement was noted. Among 54 patients who received serum immunoglobulin examination, 19 (35.2%) showed abnormal serum immunoglobulin results. Among 67 patients, 22 (32.8%) had concomitant diabetes mellitus. Alcian blue staining was performed in 35 patients, among whom 23 (65.7%) had positive results and 12 (34.3%) had negative results.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Scleredema may have systemic involvements in addition to skin lesions. Patients with scleredema also tends to have concomitant diabetes mellitus. Alcian blue staining is not sufficient to differentiate scleredema and scleroderma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulins , Blood , Male , Neck , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Scleredema Adultorum , Diagnosis , Pathology , Skin , Pathology , Young Adult
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259076

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical characteristics of juvenile localized scleroderma (JLS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 100 outpatients with JLS who were admitted to PUMC Hospital from 2000 to 2008 were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of a total of 100 cases, 51 (51%) were confirmed as linear scleroderma, 26 (26%) as plaque morphea, 26 (26%) as deep morphea, 12 (12%) as generalized morphea, and 15 (15%) as a mixed subtype. Nine patients (9%) had family histories of rheumatic or autoimmune diseases, while 16 (16%) might be triggered by unknown factors. Totally 84 patients underwent antinuclear antibody tests and 38 patients (45.2%) had positive results.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Linear scleroderma are the most frequent subtype of JLS. Localized scleroderma may be associated with some autoimmune-related causes.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Blood , Autoimmune Diseases , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Retrospective Studies , Scleroderma, Localized , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259064

ABSTRACT

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disease characterized by extensive fibrosis, vasculopathy, and activation of the immune system. Its pathogenesis and mechanisms have not been identified. Studies have shown that environmental and genetic factors are involved in the pathogenesis and development of SSc. Although the concordance for the disease among identical twins is low, concordance for antoantibodies associated with SSc and for fibroblast gene expression profiles is higher. However, the candidate-gene approach has not established clear associations between polymorphisms and SSc. Based on the involvement of SSc, the candidate gene can be screened from three groups: fibrosis, immune response, and vascular disease. This article summarizes the recent advances in these three aspects.


Subject(s)
Fibrillins , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Humans , Microfilament Proteins , Genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases , Genetics , Scleroderma, Systemic , Genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Genetics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278158

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a model of Candida biofilm and to explore its characteristics, ultrastructure, influences by saliva and serum, and sensitivity to antifungal agents.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Evaluations of the in vitro growth kinetics, influences by saliva and serum, and sensitivity to antifungal agents of Candida biofilm were performed with the abated tetrazolium salt XTT method on a 96-well microtire petri dish. The ultrastructure of Candida biofilm was observed under Confocal Laser Scanning Microscope (CLSM).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The bioactivity of Candida biofilm increased with culturing time and serum could obviously increase the action of biofilm. The Candida biofilm was significantly resistant to routine antifungal agents.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The Candida cells adhered in biofilms are significantly different in morphology from those in suspension and are resistant to routine antifungal agents such as Amphotericine B, Fluconazole and Itraconazole.</p>


Subject(s)
Amphotericin B , Pharmacology , Antifungal Agents , Pharmacology , Biofilms , Candida , Drug Resistance, Fungal , Fluconazole , Pharmacology , Itraconazole , Pharmacology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Microscopy, Confocal
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