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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870203

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of Changsulin ? with Lantus ? in treating patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods:This was a phase Ⅲ, multicenter, randomized, open-label, parallel-group, active-controlled clinical trial. A total of 578 participants with T2DM inadequately controlled on oral hypoglycemic agents were randomized 3∶1 to Changsulin ? or Lantus ? treatment for 24 weeks. The efficacy measures included changes in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2h postprandial plasma glucose (2hPG), 8-point self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) profiles from baseline, and proportions of subjects achieving targets of HbA1c and FPG. The safety outcomes included rates of hypoglycemia, adverse events (AEs) and anti-insulin glargine antibody. Results:After 24 weeks of treatment, mean HbAlc decreased 1.16% and 1.25%, FPG decreased 3.05 mmol/L and 2.90 mmol/L, 2hPG decreased 2.49 mmol/L and 2.38 mmol/L in Changsulin ? and in Lantus ?, respectively. No significant differences could be viewed in above parameters between the two groups (all P>0.05). There were also no significant differences between Changsulin ? and Lantus ? in 8-point SMBG profiles from baseline and proportions of subjects achieving the targets of HbA1c and FPG (all P>0.05). The rates of total hypoglycemia (38.00% and 39.01% for Changsulin ? and Lantus ?, respectively) and nocturnal hypoglycemia (17.25% and 16.31% for Changsulin ? and Lantus ?, respectively) were similar between the two groups (all P>0.05). Most of the hypoglycemia events were asymptomatic, and no severe hypoglycemia were found in both groups. No differences were observed in rates of AEs (61.77% vs.52.48%) and anti-insulin glargine antibody (after 24 weeks of treatment, 6.91% vs.3.65%) between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Changsulin ? shows similar efficacy and safety profiles compared with Lantus ? and Changsulin ? treatment was well tolerated in patients with T2DM.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755658

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical manifestations and possible gene mutation sites of Chinese patients in order to improve the clinician's understanding of CHARGE syndrome. Methods Clinical data were collected and blood samples were obtained from the proband of CHARGE syndrome and their relatives. The peripheral blood DNA was extracted and sequenced by PCR amplification. Mutation sites were verified by Sanger sequencing. Results For the first proband, a heterozygous mutation was detected in the intron 10 of CHD7 gene. His parents and brother did not have mutation. For the second proband, total repeat sequence in exon 7 of CHD7 gene was detected. His father carried the same mutation and his mother did not have mutation. Conclusion For the patients who are diagnosed with CHARGE syndrome based on the clinical manifestations, genetic mutation detection should be proceeded. It is useful for studying possible genetic pathogenesis and enhancing the awareness of clinicians.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667376

ABSTRACT

Objective Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), a measurement of the distribution of body fat, correlated with abdominal obesity indicating that it might be a better predictor of cardiovascular risk and metabolic disease.We, therefore, evaluated optimal WHtR cutoff points according to the risk of framingham risk score ( FRS ) and metabolic syndrome ( MS ) in Chinese .Methods The subjects were from China National Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders Survey during 2007 -2008.Receiver operating characteristic analysis was used to examine the optimal cutoff values of WHtR according to the risk of FRS and MS . Results A total of 27820 women and 18419 men were included in the evaluation .The average age was (45.0 ±13.7 ) years.The proportions of FRS ≥10% and MS increased with WHtR both in men and women.The cutoff points of WHtR for the risk of FRS ≥10%and MS were 0.51, 0.52 in men, and 0.52, 0.53 in women, respectively.When FRS ≥10% and MS were taken into consideration with a certain weights, the pooled cutoffs of WHtR were 0.51 in men, and 0.53 in women, respectively.By using the similar method, the optimized cutoff points were 0.52, 0.51, 0.50 for men and 0.51, 0.53, 0.54 for women in age group 20-39, 40-59 and ≥60 years, respectively.Conclusions The optimal cutoffs of WHtR are 0.51 in men, and 0.53 in women for FRS≥10% in combination with MS indicating that this WHtR cutoff points might be used as indexes to evaluate obesity and risk of obesity -related diseases .

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666034

ABSTRACT

To investigate the association of SH2B1 gene rs7359397 polymorphism with overweight and obesity,as well as some related metabolic indicators in Northwest Chinese. Based on the cohort of China National Diabetes and Metabolic disorders Study(2007-2008) in Shanxi province, totally 1210(including 635 overweight and 167 obese) males and 1711(including 781 overweight and 212 obese) females were participated in this study. Matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry( MALDI-TOF MS) was adopted as the genotyping method. After adjusting for age, the single nucleotide polymorphism rs7359397 of SH2B1 was found to be associated with overweight and obesity in males. The correlation with overweight accords with the dominant(P=0. 02), overdominant(P=0. 03), and log-additive models(P=0. 025), while the correlation with obesity accords with the dominant(P=0. 0078), overdominant(P=0. 0081), and log-additive models(P=0. 015). rs7359397 showed to have a significant association with body mass index, body fat percentage, fasting serum insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance in males;and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol in females(P<0. 05). The results show that SH2B1 rs7359397 polymorphism is associated with overweight, obesity, and related metabolic indicators in males of the population studied.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498610

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the effectiveness of a novel mobile health patient management system involving doctors, nurses, and patients ( TRIO mode) on glycemic control and self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) compliance among the type 2 diabetes mellitus ( T2DM) patients using basal insulin standardization treatment in China. Methods From April 2014 to April 2015, 416 hospitals in 110 cities of 30 provinces, municipalities, and autonomous regions across China were selected to participate in the program. A Online-to-Offline ( O2O) integrated mobile health patients management system with mobile terminals for the doctors, nurses, and patients was applied in the program for patient education, follow-up, and data collection. For all the newly recruited patients, the baseline information was collected and a first-day patient education program were provided by a designated nurse. In the 12-week follow-up period, data of basal insulin doses and fasting plasma glucose ( FPG) values were collected from the patients by text messages or tracking phone call by the nurse. The patients also received timely standardized patients health education and glycemic control guidance by participating in thepatient education forum anddoctors' hotline in order to help them achieve the glycemic control goals. Results A total of 102 524 patients using basal insulin treatment were eligible and enrolled in the program. 64 420 patients completed the 12 weeks follow-up and provided at least one FPG value at all five follow-ups. In total, 62. 6% (40 334 / 64 420) of the patients reached the FPG control target(FPG≤7. 0 mmol/ L) at the end of follow-up period. The weekly average FPG for patients with complete SMBG data decreased from 10. 58 mmol/ L to 6. 91 mmol/ L while the FPG control rates increased from 13. 4% to 69. 2% . The weekly average FPG for the patients provided incomplete SMBG data decreased from 10. 54 mmol/ L to 7. 13 mmol/ L while the FPG control rates increased from 13. 6% to 62. 2% . The FPG control rates for the patients provided complete SMBG were 1. 74 times higher than those patients provided incomplete SMBG. Based on a GEE model, the average decline of the FPG and the increase of the FPG control rates were significantly better for patients who provided complete SMBG as compared to the patients with incomplete SMBG data. The results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that factors such as receiving the first-day education, participating in the follow-up patient education forum, and the doctors' hotline were significantly associated with the improvement of the SMBG compliance, the treatment adherence, and the FPG control rates. The SMBG compliance and the treatment adherence for patients who completed first-day education were 1. 68 times and 1. 22 times higher, respectively. For the patients who participated in follow-up education activities, their SMBG compliance and treatment adherence were 3. 17 times and 3. 36 times higher, respectively. Conclusion The innovativeTRIOmobile health patient management mode was feasible and effective for better managing the type 2 diabetes patients initiated on basal insulin treatment in China. Active participation in the first-day education program and the follow-up patient education activities can effectively improve the SMBG compliance and the treatment adherence, and therefore play an important role in helping patient achieving FPG control in a faster manner.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461105

ABSTRACT

Objective Recombinant human parathyroid hormone(1-34) [ rhPTH(1-34)] is the unique anabolic substance acting on the skeleton. The efficacy and safety of long-term administration of rhPTH(1-34) in Chinese postmenopausal women have not been evaluated. This study compared the clinical efficacy and safety of rhPTH(1-34) with elcatonin for treating postmenopausal women with osteoporosis in 11 urban areas of China. Methods A total of453 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis were enrolled in an 18-month, multi-center, randomized, controlled study. They were randomized to receive either rhPTH(1-34) 20 μg(200 U) daily for 18 months, or elcatonin 20 U weekly for 12 months. Lumbar spine ( L1-4) and femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD), fracture rate, back pain as well as biochemical markers of bone turnover ( serum bone-specific alkaline phosphatase was measured by radioimmunoassay; C-telopeptide/ creatinine ( CTX/ Cr) measured by quantitative sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) at 6, 12, and 18 months. Adverse events were recorded. Results rhPTH(1-34) increased lumbar BMD more significantly than that did by elcatonin at 6 months( M6), 12 months (M12), and 18 months(M18; 4. 3% vs 1. 94% , 6. 8% vs 2. 72% , 9. 51% vs 2. 86% , P<0. 01). There was only a small but significant increase of femoral neck BMD at M18(2. 64% , P<0. 01) in rhPTH(1-34) groups. There were greater increases in bone turnover markers in the rhPTH(1-34) group than in the elcatonin group at M6, M12, and M18[serum bone-specific alkaline phosphatase(BSAP) 93. 67% vs -3. 56% , 117. 78% vs -4. 12% , 49. 24% vs-5. 81% , P<0. 01; urinary CTX/ Cr 250% vs -29. 5% , 330% vs -41. 4% , 273 % vs -10. 6% , P<0. 01]. rhPTH (1-34) showed similar effect of pain relief as elcatonin. The incidence of clinical fractures was 5. 36% (6 / 112) in elcatonin group and 3. 23% ( 11 / 341 ) in rhPTH ( 1-34 ) group ( P = 0. 303 ). Both treatments were well tolerated. Hypercaluria(9. 38% ) and hypercalcemia(7. 04% ) in rhPTH(1-34) group was transient and caused no clinical symptoms. Pruritus(8. 21% vs 2. 68, P=0. 044) and redness of injection site(4. 40% vs 0, P=0. 024) were more frequent in rhPTH(1-34). Nausea / vomiting(16. 07% vs 6. 16% , P = 0. 001) and hot flushes(7. 14% vs 0. 59% , P<0. 001) were more common in elcatonin group. Conclusion rhPTH(1-34) treatment was associated with greater increases in lumbar spine BMD and bone formation markers. It could increase femoral BMD after 18 months treatment. rhPTH(1-34) could ameliorate back pain effectively. The results of the present study indicate that rhPTH(1-34) is an effective, and safe agent in treating postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469932

ABSTRACT

Alogliptin is a novel dipeptide peptidase-4 inhibitor approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetic mellitus.Numerous clinical studies showed that alogliptin alone or in combination with other oral antidiabetic drugs or insulin can substantially control the level of plasma glucose and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in type 2 diabetic patients.12.5 to 25 mg alogliptin alone once daily reduced HbA1c by 0.56% to 0.59% ; while combination with other antidiabetic agents resulted additional HbA1c lowering of 0.4% to 0.8%.Alogliptin was well tolerated,with low incidence of hypoglycemia and no weight gain.Furthermore,alogliptin displayed no extra cardiovascular risk in patients with cardiovascular diseases.

8.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2765-2766,2768, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598473

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare diabetes(pre-diabetes) prevalence and awareness between Province Shanxi and Fujian .Meth-ods Study data was from China National Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders Study 2007-2008 .5 926 individuals(Shanxi 3 254 ,Fu-jian 2 672) were included as study participants .Standardized questionnaire was used to obtain demographic and lifestyle data .All participants were administered a glucose tolerance test .Results Overall diabetes prevalence was 9 .6% .The diabetes prevalence in Shanxi was lower compared with Fujian(8 .2% vs .11 .3% ,P<0 .001) .Overall pre-diabetes was 15 .4% and no significant differ-ence was found between the two provinces .The awareness of diabetes and pre-diabetes in Shanxi was lower compared with Fujian , although both provinces were not satisfactory .Conclusion Regional differences were showed in diabetes (pre-diabetes) prevalence and awareness between Province Shanxi and Fujian .

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430376

ABSTRACT

Objective To characterize the baseline status of Chinese diabetic patients based on data derived from Chinese cohort from SOLVETM study.Methods Patients with type 2 diabetes initiating basal insulin detemir at the decision of the physician were eligible for the study.Data on demographics,medical history,glycemic profile and treatment regimen at baseline were collected by physicians.Results A total of 3272 patients [female 42%,male 58%,mean age (56.2 ± 10.8) years] were included in the study.Their BMI was (25.3 ± 3.3) kg/m2.The duration of diabetes was 4.0 (0.1-27.0) years,and the duration of treatment with oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) was 3.0(0.0-20.2) years.The proportions of subjects with diabetic macro-and micro-vascular complications were 15.8% (515 cases) and 27.1% (866 cases),respectively.The hemoglobin Al c (HbAl c) at baseline was (8.33 ± 1.70) %,and the fasting blood glucose (FPG) was (9.5 ± 2.6) mmol/L.Conclusions A large proportion of patients with type 2 diabetes remain in poor glycemic control,and the prevalence of diabetic complications is high,which requires optimal therapeutic strategy for the patients with suboptimal glycemic control.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430361

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the efficacy and safety of glimepiride treatment as initial monotherapy in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Methods This was a subgroup analysis of the GREAT study,which investigated the efficacy and safety of glimepiride as initial monotherapy in Chinese patients with T2DM.This analysis was performed in 209 patients with disease duration less than 6 months and never received any anti-diabetic drugs.The change of HbA1C,fasting plasm glucose (FPG),2 h postprandial blood glucose (2hPPG),homeostasis model assessment for β-cell function index (HOMA-β),homeostasis model assessment for insulin-resistance index(HOMA-IR),the percentage of patients with HbA1C < 7.0% at endpoint and the incidence of hypoglycemia were evaluated after 16-weeks treatment.Results After 16-weeks glimepiride treatment,HbA1C value reduced significantly from baseline to endpoint,the reduction was statistically significant (9.21% ± 1.65% to 6.69%±0.83%,P<0.001),69.7% of the patients achieved HbA1C <7.0% at study endpoint.Glimepiride-treated patients also achieved a significant improvement in FPG [from (10.15 ± 2.13) mmol/L to (7.23 ± 1.50) mmol/L,P<0.001] and 2hPPG [from (17.21 ±4.14) mmol/L to (11.62 ± 3.34) mmol/L].HOMA-β was improved from 17.21± 15.19 [11.62 (2.90,115.8)] to 41.13 ± 44.12 [28.00 (5.1,360.00)],and HOMA-IR was reduced from 2.32± 1.90 [1.76 (0.60,12.80)] to 2.07 ± 1.74 [1.63 (0.4,12.3)].The incidence of all reported symptomatic hypoglycemia was 18.2%,and the incidence of confirmed hypoglycemia was 3.8%.Conclusion This analysis showed that glimepiride treatment as an initial mono-therapy could effectively improve blood glucose control in newly diagnosed patients with T2DM,and the treatment may improve islet β cell function,and the safety profile is reasonably good.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415619

ABSTRACT

A facial allotransplanted patient presented hyperglycemia with blood glucose ranged 14. 3 -33. 3 mmol/L after receiving immunosuppressive drugs and glucocorticoids. To control the blood glucose level, the patient was treated with two subcutaneous doses of 10 U human neutral protamine hagedorn (NPH) insulin, and the fasting glucose level came down to 3. 6 - 9. 4 mmol/L. Then the continuous subcutaneous infusion of insulin aspart ( Novo Industri) was administrated (from 96 to 21 U/d) , and the fasting blood glucose levels were 3. 9 -4. 6 mmol/L. With oral administration of Metformin and Repaglinide, the fasting blood glucose was maintained to 4. 3 -5.9 mmol/L. With these medications, the blood glucose level of the patient was under good control and the acute and chronic complications of hyperglycemia were effectively prevented.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415603

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between the level of serum uric acid(SUA) and carotid atherosclerosis in male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM). Methods A collection of 579 male T2DM patients with or without carotid atherosclerosis were grouped based on quartiles of SUA. Age, SUA, smokers, duration, body mass index(BMI), blood pressure, total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C), blood urea nitrogen(BUN), creatinine(Cr), and HbA1C were determined in all subjects. The plaques in carotid arteries and intima-media thickness(IMT) were measured with high-resolution ultrasound. Results BMI, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, TG, and Cr showed a gradual increase, while HDL-C and HbA1C showed a gradual decrease according to the higher SUA quartiles in male T2DM(P<0.05). Nevertheless, the detectable rates of smokers, duration, age, TC, LDL-C, and BUN had no relationships with the SUA quartiles(P>0.05). The detectable rate of carotid atherosclerosis and the thickness of carotid plaque were positively associated with the levels of SUA in male patients with T2DM(P<0.05). However, intima-media thickness of carotid arteries did not illustrate the correlation with the levels of SUA in male T2DM patients(P>0.05). Age, HbA1C, and SUA were independent factors of carotid atherosclerosis in these patients by logistic regression(P<0.05). Conclusion The levels of SUA seems to be associated with the occurrence and development of carotid atherosclerosis in male patients with T2DM.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384265

ABSTRACT

Ultrasonography examinations were performed for carotid atherosclerosis in 548 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, total serum bilirubin, uric acid, total cholesterol ( TC ), triglycerides ( TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) were measured. Total serum bilirubin level in T2DM patients without carotid atherosclerosis was (13.0±7. 1 )μmol/L, while that was (10. 9 ± 4. 9 )μmol/L in patients with carotid atherosclerosis (P <0. 01 ). The logistic analysis showed that total serum bilirubin level was negatively related to the presence of carotid atherosclerosis ( P < 0. 05 ), which indicated that higher level of total serum bilirubin might be a protective factor for macroangiopathy in T2DM.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388243

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy and safety between recombinant human parathyroid hormone ( rhPTH) ( 1 -34) and elcatonin in the treatment of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis in China.Methods This 6 month, multicenter, randomized and controlled study enrolled 205 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.They were randomized to receive either rhPTH (1 -34) 20 μg (200 U) daily or elcatonin 20 U weekly.Lumbar spine (L1-4 ) and femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) and biochemical markers of bone turnover were measured. In the meantime adverse events were recorded. Results The results showed that both rhPTH ( 1 -34) and elcatonin increased L1-4 BMD significantly at the endpoint of the study, but femoral neck BMD did not change significantly.From baseline to endpoint, BMD of L1-4 and femoral neck in the rhPTH( 1-34) group increased by 5.51% (P <0.01) and 0.65% (P >0.05), but BMD of L1-4 and femoral neck in elcatonin group increased by 1.55% (P <0.05) and 0.11% (P>0.05).Moreover, the rhPTH(1-34) group had better improvement in L1-4 BMD than the elcatonin group at 3, 6 months, but there was no difference of BMD in these two groups with regard to femoral neck.There were greater mean increases of the bone markers in the rhPTH( 1-34) group than those in the elcatonin group at 3, 6 months [serum bone-specific alkaline phosphatase ( BSAP) 36.79% vs 0.31% ; 92.42% vs -0.17% ; the ratio of urine N-telopeptide of type I collagen and creatinine (NTX/Cr) 48.91% vs -5.32% ; 68.82% vs - 10.86%].Both kinds of treatment were well tolerated and there were no differences between the two groups in the rates of adverse events and serious adverse events.Conclusion It is concluded that rhPTH (1 -34) has more positive effects on bone formation than elcatonin as shown by the greater increments of L1-4 BMD and bone formation markers and the less occurrence of adverse events as well as no significant change in hepatic, renal or hemopoietic function.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392719

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy and safety of domestic orlistat and imported orlistat in Chinese overweight and obese patients. Methods In a randomized, double-blinded and positive-controlled study, 228 adults (BMI 24-< 40 kg/m~2) evaluated at seven research centers were randomized to receive domestic orlistat or imported orlistat 120 mg 3 times a day with an energy-controlled diet for 24 weeks. Results After 24 weeks, domestic orlistat treated patients got significant weight-loss (5.0±3.7) kg, which was comparable with that of imported orlistat treated patients (4.5±3.5) kg (P=0.3922).Compared with the findings before treatment, there was significant decrease of systolic blood pressure (4.4±11.5)mm Hg (1 mm Hg=0.133 kPa) and serum levels of TC (0.54±0.79) mmol/L and LDL-C (0.32±0.64) mmol/L in the domestic orlistat treated group(compared with levels of baseline, P< 0. 0001). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the changes of blood pressure and lipid levels. Both groups had similar adverse event profiles, most of which were mild and transient gastrointestinal events. There were no serious adverse events in beth groups. Conclusions Domestic orlistat combined with a light low-energy diet promoted significant weight loss, which was comparable with that of imported orlistat after 24 weeks of treatment. There was also improvement in blood pressure and serum levels of TC and LDL-C. Domestic orlistat was as effective and safe as imported orlistat in the treatment of obesity.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397301

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect mutations of the RET proto-oncogene in a family with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN2A). Methods Nineteen family members were recruited in the study. The phenotype of the members with MEN2A were observed. PCR was performed to amplify exans 10 and 11 of the RET proto-oncogene. The PCR products were purified and a direct DNA sequence analysis was performed. Results The Cys (TGC)634Arg(CGC) missense mutation and Gly( GGT)691Ser(AGT) in exon 11 of the RET proto-oncogene were both detected in four members of the family. Only the pelymorphism Gly691Ser in exon 11 of the RET proto-oncogene was detected in one member. The results of the ultrasound examination were shown as follows: two members with bilateral thyroid, one side of parathyroid and adrenal solid lesions; one member with bilateral thyroid and one side of adrenal solid lesions; one member with bilateral thyroid and adrenal and one side of parathyroid solid lesions; and one member with multiple thyroid small nodules. Additionally, another three members with abnormal findings on ultrasound examinations had no gene mutation. Conclusion Analysis of RET gene identifies a TGC to CGC mutation at codan 634 and the polymorphism Gly691 Set in exon 11 in this family with MEN2A. Direct DNA sequencing analysis is useful in diagnosis of MEN2A at gene level.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407952

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Recently, there is more and more attention on uric acid (UA), especially the correlation with cardiovascular disease in the filed of epidemiology; however, researches of the effect of UA on endothelial cells are lack based on cytology.OBJECTIVE:To explore the effects of UA in different concentrations on human umbilical vein endothelial cells line (ECV304), malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO) and 3-(4,5-dimethyl thiazole-2)-2, 5-diphenyl thiazolyl blue (MTT)in vitro.DESIGN: Randomized controlled study based on ECV304.5ETTING: Department of Endocrine, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University of Chinese PLA.MATERIALS:ECV304 was provided by Department of Immunology, the Fourth Military Medical University of Chinese PLA; DMEM Iow-glucose medium by Gibco Company, USA; bovine serum by Beijing Yuanheng Shengma Biotechnology Researching Institute; trypsin by Gibco Company, USA; MTT by Huamei Company; dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) analytical pure by Tianjin Bodi Chemical Engineering Co. Ltd.; UA by Sigma Company; NO kit and MDA kit by Nanjing Jiancheng Company; ordinary invert microscope and enzyme-linked immune detector IX70 invert microscope by Olympus, Japan;enzyme-linked immune detector by Eastern China Electron Tube Factory.METHODS: The experiment was carried out in Department of Endocrine and Burning, the Fourth Military Medical University of Chinese PLA from December 2003 to April 2004. Resuscitation, culture, regeneration and inoculation of endothelia cells were undertaken Cell Culture published by Situ et al. Endothelia cells were cultured with non-serum DMEM for 24hours so as to maintain synchronization at the phase of G0/G1 and divided into 4 groups, including control group, low-concentration UA group, moderate-concentration UA group and high-concentration UA group. Each group was divided into 3time points, including 24 hours, 48 hours and 72 hours with 8 samples in each time point. Samples were added with 5%serum medium containing 0 mmol/L, 0.1 mmol/L, 0.2 mmol/L and 0.4 mmol/L UA in control group, low-concentration UA group, moderate-concentration UA group and high-concentration UA group, respectively, and incubated in box with the volume fraction of 0.05 CO2 at 37 ℃. Twenty-four hours later, MDA and MTT were detected; additionally, MTT was detected once more after 48 and 72 hours.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proliferation of ECV304 and content of NO and MDA.RESULTS:With the increasing concentration of UA, content of MDA was decreased to (2.97±0.05),(2.89±0.09),(2.78±0.10) and (2.44±0.03) μmol/L, respectively; content of NO was (6.86±1.41), (12.5±2.7), (18.9±1.8) and (21.1±1.4) μ mol/L. Absorbencies of NO and MTT were increased and proliferation was increased remarkably at 48 hour.CONCLUSION: A which is characterized by anti-oxidation may promote proliferation of vascular endothelia cells and release of NO.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-588459

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the regulative effects of different concentrations of glucose on the expressions of osteoprotegerin(OPG),the ligand of osteoprotegerin(OPGL) and the related cytokines[tumor necrosis factor related apoptosis inducing ligand(TRAIL),macrophage colony-stimulating factor(M-CSF) and transforming growth factor ?(TGF-?)] in osteosarcoma MG63 cells.Methods:The expressions of OPG,OPGL,M-CSF,TRAIL and TGF-? mRNA was examined by reverse transcriptase(RT)-PCR.Results:High concentration glucose up-regulated the expression of OPGL,M-CSF and TRAIL but down-regulated OPG and TGF-? expression in the MG63 cells.Conclusion:One of the key pathogenetic factors of diabetic osteoporosis is that high concentration glucose leads to the down-regulated expression of OPG and TGF-? but the up-regulated expression of some bone-resorbing cytokines such as OPGL,M-CSF and TRAIL in osteoblasts,then stimulates osteoclast differentiation and activity,which potentiates bone resorption and bone loss.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-544371

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of metabolically correlated factors on pig renal tubule in cellular level by observing effects of glucose,insulin and uric acid on activity of haemachrome oxygenase in renal tubular epithelial cells.Methods Pig near renal tubular cell line(LLC-PK1) was selected as experimental object.After stimulating cells respectively with glucose(5,10,22,33mmol/L),uric acid(0,0.1,0.2,0.4mmol/L);and insulin(0,10~(-9),0~(-8),10~(-7)mol/L) in different concentrations for 48 hours,the activity of HO-1 within the cells was determined.Results In uric acid group the activity of HO-1 was significantly increased in a concentration-dependent manner,while in glucose and insulin groups,the activity of HO-1 did not change.Conclusion After LLC-PK1 was stimulated by uric acid of different concentrations,HO-1 was induced evidently,which indicates that uric acid might affect oxidative stress in renal tubule cell line.

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