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1.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 449-458, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953576

ABSTRACT

Objective: In this study, black tea and Citrus maxima (BT-CM), yellow tea and C. maxima (YT-CM), green tea and C. maxima (GT-CM) as subjects, the active ingredient content and antioxidant activity of three tea and C. maxima (T-CM) were analyzed. The effects of three T-CMs on apoptosis of liver cells in vitro and its mechanism were further explored. Methods: National standard method and HPLC were used for active ingredient analysis. MTT, cell flow cytometry and Western blot were used to analyze the effects of three T-CMs on cell proliferation, apoptosis, and its underlying molecular mechanism. Results: The content of tea polyphenols, free amino acids, ratio of polyphenols and amino acids, ester catechins, non-ester catechins and caffeine in YT-CM and GT-CM was significantly higher than that of BT-CM. The in vitro antioxidant capacity of YT-CM and GT-CM was also significantly stronger than that of BT-CM. Three T-CMs had the effects of inhibiting proliferation, arresting cell cycle and inducing apoptosis in HepG2 and Bel7402 cells, especially YT-CM and GT-CM. Western blot analysis showed three T-CMs activated PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway and regulated the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins Bax, Bcl-2 and Caspase-3/9. YT-CM and GT-CM had better ability to change the signal pathway than BT-CM. Conclusion: In short, T-CMs, which combined different degrees of fermentation tea with C. maxima, were rich in nutrients and biologically active substances. T-CMs, especially YT-CM and GT-CM, are healthy drinks that help to prevent and treat liver cancer.

2.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3372-3375, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658477

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of PM2.5 exposure on the quality of IVF eggs and the quality of embryos. Methods 40 healthy female Kunming mice and 10 male mice were used in this study. 40 female mice were randomly divided into 4 groups:low dose of PM2.5 group (1.5 mg/kg),middle dose of PM2.5 group (7.5 mg/kg),high dose of PM2.5 group (15 mg/kg) and the control group (to give the same volume of saline),with 10 mice in each group. PM2.5 was administered via tracheal instillation. The number of oocytes ,fertilization rate ,abnormal fertilization rate ,2PN cleavage rate ,2PN blastocyst rate and blastocyst formation rate were determined ,as well as levels of TNF-α and IFN-γ. Results The number of oocytes , fertilization rate and cleavage rate of 2PN were significantly higher in PM2.5 high dose of PM2.5 group than those in PM2.5 group. The rate of high quality embryos and blastocyviast formation were decreased ,but abnormal fertilization rate were decreased (P < 0.05). The expressions of TNF-α and IFN-γ in the high-dose of PM2.5 group were significantly higher than those in the middle-dose of PM2.5 group and in the low-dose of PM2.5 group(P < 0.05),while the expressions of TNF-α and IFN-γ in the middle dose group was significantly higher than those in the low dose group(P<0.05). Conclusions PM2.5 exposure can decrease the number of oocytes , fertilization rate ,2PN cleavage rate ,2PN blastocyst rate and blastocyst formation rate of in vitro fertilization in mice.

3.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3372-3375, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661396

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of PM2.5 exposure on the quality of IVF eggs and the quality of embryos. Methods 40 healthy female Kunming mice and 10 male mice were used in this study. 40 female mice were randomly divided into 4 groups:low dose of PM2.5 group (1.5 mg/kg),middle dose of PM2.5 group (7.5 mg/kg),high dose of PM2.5 group (15 mg/kg) and the control group (to give the same volume of saline),with 10 mice in each group. PM2.5 was administered via tracheal instillation. The number of oocytes ,fertilization rate ,abnormal fertilization rate ,2PN cleavage rate ,2PN blastocyst rate and blastocyst formation rate were determined ,as well as levels of TNF-α and IFN-γ. Results The number of oocytes , fertilization rate and cleavage rate of 2PN were significantly higher in PM2.5 high dose of PM2.5 group than those in PM2.5 group. The rate of high quality embryos and blastocyviast formation were decreased ,but abnormal fertilization rate were decreased (P < 0.05). The expressions of TNF-α and IFN-γ in the high-dose of PM2.5 group were significantly higher than those in the middle-dose of PM2.5 group and in the low-dose of PM2.5 group(P < 0.05),while the expressions of TNF-α and IFN-γ in the middle dose group was significantly higher than those in the low dose group(P<0.05). Conclusions PM2.5 exposure can decrease the number of oocytes , fertilization rate ,2PN cleavage rate ,2PN blastocyst rate and blastocyst formation rate of in vitro fertilization in mice.

4.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 184-189, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513157

ABSTRACT

This study aimed at exploring the economic operation and developing trend of county-level public TCM hospitals in Guangxi Province,promoting the comprehensive reform of county-level public hospitals with feasible countermeasures and suggestions.In this study,forty-seven county-level public TCM hospitals were involved in the analysis of their economic operations and benefits by constituent ratio analysis,ratio analysis and trend analysis.As a result,the average gross income of the hospitals exceeded the total expenditure with a slight surplus.Drug income contributed the biggest share of the medical income,while the ratio of Chinese drug income to the medical income was increasing year by year.The debt ratio increased from 38.7% in 2009 up to 44.6% in 2013,being over 30% in this period.In conclusion,it was demonstrated that problems were found in the lack of financial assistance,the low efficiency of economic management and the increasing average medical charges,which should be addressed by increasing investments to TCM hospitals,strengthening the performance appraisal and adjusting the charges of TCM medical services.

5.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2588-2591,2592, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604447

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the demand of general doctors'professional skill in Guangxi Zhuang autonomaus region,and to enhance the professional skills and overall quality of general practitioners in Guangxi,thus to improve grassroots'health service capacity.Methods Through self -designed questionnaires and personal interviews,the author investigated the professional skills of general practitioners in rural township hospitals and urban community health service centers in Guangxi.Results The characteristics of the general practitioners in Guangxi were junior college degree,junior titles,youth and middle -aged.Part of the general practitioners thought that working with the guide of community health informationteaching abilityand the corresponding scientific research capabilitiesdid not belong to the scope of the general practitioners'professional skills demand,the percentage of these were 2%, 22%,26%.The teaching ability and the corresponding scientific ability of the general practitioner who were greater than 30 years,junior college degree and middle grade title and above,were better than the practitioners who were 20 -30 years,technical secondary degree,primary title(χ2 =12.886,1.945,57.473,53.276,30.458,29.141,all P <0.05).The general practitioners in Guangxi had a light awareness of teaching,scientific researching and other aspects.Conclusion We must emphasis on continuous medical education;establish and improve the system of general practitioners;establish and improve the two -way referral system.General practitioners must pay more attention on teaching and scientific researching.

6.
Fudan University Journal of Medical Sciences ; (6): 106-109, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404304

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an experimental retinal artery occlusion (RAO) model by means of photochemistry therapy with 532 nm frequency-doubled laser, and to evaluate the feasibility of this method. Methods Ten eyes from ten healthy adult New Zealand rabbits were intravenously injected 5% rose bengal solution, then their monocular retinal artery was irradiated by 532 nm frequency-doubled laser. Both eyes of these rabbits were examined by direct ophthalmoscope and fundus photographic camera on the 1st hour, 24th hour and 3rd day. Meanwhile, the experimental eyes were examined by fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA). These rabbits were killed on the 3rd day, experimental eyes were enucleated, the retina was observed under light microscope. Results There were 9 eyes approved having RAO by direct ophthalmoscope and FFA. Thrombi in retinal arterials could be found by light microscope in all these 9 experimental eyes, and the walls of blood vessel were intact without any obvious necrosis or attenuation. Conclusions RAO animal model can be induced by photochemistry therapy with 532 nm frequency-doubled laser. There are thrombi in the retinal artery without trauma of the artery wall. Photochemistry therapy is an efficient, secure and reproducible method to induce animal model of RAO.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-587148

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To prevent nosocomial infection and increase the safety of blood supply so as to evaluate the feasibility of routine detections in screening blood donations for HBV DNA and HBV markers. METHODS(Three hundred blood) donors and 346 cases were detected by ELISA for HBV markers,and then performed by LightCycler for HBV DNA. RESULTS One(1.6%) of 62 negative samples of HBV markers in 346 cases was positive for HBV DNA.Out of 300 qualified donors in screening tests,six(2%) were positive for HBV DNA.And two(0.9%) of 222 negative samples of HBV markers were positive for HBV DNA. CONCLUSIONS This study shows that there are HBV infections with negative hepatitis B surface antigen(HBsAg) in population of Qingdao area and that incorporating fluorescence quantitative PCR into ELISA in screening blood donations for HBV infection will further increase the safety of blood supply and prevent nosocomial infections.

8.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-552261

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of urokinase on platelet activation and aggregation in the patients with glomerulonephritis. Platelet counts(PC),mean platelet volume (MPV), and platelet distribution width (PDW) were determined with automatic blood cell analytic apparatus, the expressive levels of platelet granular membrane protein (GMP 140) and fibrinogen receptor(GPⅡb Ⅲa) on the surfaces of platelets were assayed with flow cytometry, and the levels of fibinogen and fibrin degradation products (FDP) in blood were measured with ELISA in 102 children with glomerulonephritis. The results showed that urokinase led to PC decreas,MPV increase and PDW exceeding normal value in 102 children with glomerulonephritis, including micro change (MC),glomerulosclerosis (GS),membranous nephropathy (MN), and proliferative glomerulonephritis (PGN).The expressive levels of GMP 140 after the treatment with urokinase were significantly higher than that before the treatment and controls( P 0 01). The results suggested that urokinase used in the patients with glomerulonephritis increased platelet activation function and decreased platelet aggregation function.

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