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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 129-137, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799736

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the early clinical effects of tantalum augment assisted with 3D technology in treating acetabular bone defects of Paprosky type III in revision total hip arthroplasty (THA).@*Methods@#From May 2013 to July 2017, a total of 16 patients (18 hips) undergoing revision THA were retrospectively analyzed, including 11 males and 5 females aged 58.06±8.29 years (range 44-69 years). There were 3 cases with infective loosening and 15 cases with aseptic loosening, 13 cases with Paprosky IIIA type bone defects and 5 cases with IIIB type bone defects. 3D technology was used for precise planning before operation. The tantalum augment and cup were used to repair acetabular bone defects during operation. Cup anteversion, abduction angle, ratio of the lateral and contralateral vertical distance of the center of rotation, ratio of the lateral and contralateral horizontal distance of the center of rotation and femoral offset were measured preoperatively and postoperatively. The percentages of hips located in Lewinnek safe zone were calculated preoperatively and postoperatively. Postoperative radiographic evidence of loosening and Harris score were collected at the end of the follow-up.@*Results@#The percentage of the hips located in Lewinnek safe zone increased from 22% (4/18) preoperatively to 61% (11/18) postoperatively. The mean anteversion of the operative side was 11.99°±6.91° (range 1.71°-26.36°) postoperatively. The mean abduction angle of the operative side was 44.91°±5.93° (range 35.6°-56.0°). The mean ratio of the lateral and contralateral vertical distance of the center of rotation was 1.10±0.20 (range 0.87-1.62). The mean ratio of the lateral and contralateral horizontal distance of the center of rotation was 1.00±0.18 (range 0.69-1.46) and the mean ratio of the lateral and contralateral femoral offset was 1.01±0.66 (range 0.51-3.56). All the patients were followed-up for an average of 27.72±12.18 months (range 14-53 months). No complications, such as periprosthetic joint infection, dislocation or aseptic loosening, were observed in all patients. The mean Harris score was 77.28±4.80 (range 65-85) at 6 months postoperatively and 80.9±5.2 (range 69-89) at the end of the follow-up.@*Conclusion@#Using tantalum augmentassisted with 3D technology to re construct Paprosky type III severe bone defects of the hip can increase the accuracy of the acetabular cup positioning. The short-term outcomes are satisfying and no early prosthetic loosening was observed.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 129-137, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868955

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the early clinical effects of tantalum augment assisted with 3D technology in treating acetabular bone defects of Paprosky type Ⅲ in revision total hip arthroplasty (THA).Methods From May 2013 to July 2017,a total of 16 patients (18 hips) undergoing revision THA were retrospectively analyzed,including 11 males and 5 females aged 58.06±8.29 years (range 44-69 years).There were 3 cases with infective loosening and 15 cases with aseptic loosening,13 cases with Paprosky ⅢA type bone defects and 5 cases with ⅢB type bone defects.3D technology was used for precise planning before operation.The tantalum augment and cup were used to repair acetabular bone defects during operation.Cup anteversion,abduction angle,ratio of the lateral and contralateral vertical distance of the center of rotation,ratio of the lateral and contralateral horizontal distance of the center of rotation and femoral offset were measured preoperatively and postoperatively.The percentages of hips located in Lewinnek safe zone were calculated preoperatively and postoperatively.Postoperative radiographic evidence of loosening and Harris score were collected at the end of the follow-up.Results The percentage of the hips located in Lewinnek safe zone increased from 22% (4/18) preoperatively to 61% (11/18) postoperatively.The mean anteversion of the operative side was 11.99°± 6.91° (range 1.71°-26.36°) postoperatively.The mean abduction angle of the operative side was 44.91°±5.93° (range 35.6°-56.0°).The mean ratio of the lateral and contralateral vertical distance of the center of rotation was 1.10±0.20 (range 0.87-1.62).The mean ratio of the lateral and contralateral horizontal distance of the center of rotation was 1.00±0.18 (range 0.69-1.46) and the mean ratio of the lateral and contralateral femoral offset was 1.01±0.66 (range 0.51-3.56).All the patients were followed-up for an average of 27.72± 12.18 months (range 14-53 months).No complications,such as periprosthetic joint infection,dislocation or aseptic loosening,were observed in all patients.The mean Harris score was 77.28±4.80 (range 65-85) at 6 months postoperatively and 80.9±5.2 (range 69-89) at the end of the follow-up.Conclusion Using tantalum augmentassisted with 3D technology to reconstruct Paprosky type Ⅲ severe bone defects of the hip can increase the accuracy of the acetabular cup positioning.The shortterm outcomes are satisfying and no early prosthetic loosening was observed.

3.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 156-161, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711649

ABSTRACT

Objective To delay the atrophy of denervated skeletal muscle by baby-sitting in reverse end-to-side fashion and explore the feasibility of this operation to improve the recovery of denervated muscle in rats.Methods From July,2015 to March,2016,32 female SD rats were divided into 4 groups randomly and the tibial nerve of each rats was transected.In immediate repair group,the transected tibial nerve was sutured in situ.In unprotected group,the tibial nerve stump was putting-aside.The sural nerve was transected in other 2 groups.The proximal sural nerve was connected to the distal tibial nerve stump directly in end-to-end (ETE) protected group and to the side of the distal tibial nerve stump in end-to-side (ETS) protected group.After 3 months,connected the two ends of tibial nerve except immediate repair group.After another 3 months,the tibial nerve functional index,electrophysiological testing,histology and morphology were examined.Results The gastrocnemius muscle was atrophy obviously in unprotected group,while in other groups the muscle structure was well protected.The tibial nerve functional index (-39.54±24.32),motor nerve conduction velocity[(30.25±12.65)m/s],and muscle contraction [(0.98 ± 0.38)N)] indicated that the gastrocnemius muscle function in ETS protected group was statistically better recovery than in unprotected group [-75.65±32.13,(24.93±8.69)m/s and (0.64±0.20)N,respectively] and ETE protected group [-62.34± 21.65,(16.90±7.92)m/s and (0.75-±0.15)N,respectively](P<0.05).The contractility of muscle were poor recovery in ETE protected group,which was similar to unprotected group(P>0.05).Conclusion Sensory nerve baby-sitting in reverse end-to-side fashion is a effective method to improve the recovery of denervated muscle in rats.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 906-913, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670000

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of 3?dimensional scaffold of typeⅠcollagen based autolo?gous chondrocyte implantation (ACI). Methods Nine patients of knee articular cartilage defect treated with 3?dimensional scaf?fold of type Ⅰcollagen based ACI from January 2013 to March 2014 was analyzed retrospectively, including 6 males and 3 fe?males with an average age of 30 years old. 4 defects located in femoral condyle, 4 in trochlea and 1 in patellae with a mean size of 4.9 ± 2.1cm2 (range, 2.5-10). ACI comprises 2?stage procedure:chondrocytes were first harvested from non?load bearing area of femoral condyle, then chondrocytes expand in vitro for 8-14 days to get enough cells. On second stage, cartilage defects were cov?ered by the grafts and fixed with fibrin albumen glue. All patients received strict rehabilitation protocol. International Knee Docu?mentation Committee (IKDC) scores and Lysh?lm scores were compared pre?operatively and 3, 6, 12 months post?operatively. MR and magnetic resonance observation of cartilage repair tissue (MOCART) scores were analyzed within 3 days, 3, 6, 12 months post?operatively. Results All the patients were followed up. IKDC score was 52.7 ± 6.9 pre?operatively and respectively 71.1 ± 6.6, 83.3±2.9 and 92.0±3.6 3, 6, 12 months post?operatively with significant differences. The Lysh?m score was 55.8±8.7 pre?oper?atively and respectively 74.8±7.0, 84.8±4.8 and 93.1±5.7 3, 6, 12 months post?operatively with significant differences. 8 patients had MRI. The mean MOCART score 3 days, 3, 6, 12 months post?operatively was respectively 43.6±6.0, 47.8±5.8, 57.8±5.8, 64.3± 4.8 and 72.1±4.9 with significant differences. T2 value of transplanted area was 48.7±3.2 12 months post?operatively with no sig?nificant differences compared to normal area. Conclusion Three?dimensional scaffold of typeⅠcollagen based ACI could re?pair knee articular cartilage defect. It may be a good choice for treating articular cartilage defect which shows satisfactory results.

5.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3321-3323, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458061

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the analgesia effect and the safety of Flurbiprofen Axetil (FA) and Parecoxib Sodium (PS) after posterior lumbar fusion surgery. Methods 90 patients undergoing internal fixation of lumbar spine randomly assigned to 3 groups:those in Group A(n = 30) received 100 mg of FA; those in Group B (n=30) received 40 mg of PS and those in Group C received saline.The VAS scores of 2, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72 h after operation and the dose of tramadol hydrochloride (TH) used and the side effect was recorded respectively. Results Group A and B had significantly better analgesic effect than Group C(P<0.05). Group A and B had lower average dose of TH than Group C (P<0.05). The VAS scores in Group A was lower than that in Group B in 2 h after the surgery. The VAS scores after the surgery showed no significant difference between Group A and B in 6 , 12, 24 h after the surgery. The VAS scores in Group A was higer than that in Group B in 48,72 h after the surgery. Conclusion Both PS and FA can alleviate postoperative pain and have fewer adverse reactions.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457884

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Ischiogluteal bursitis has been recognized for a long time, but its treatment stil limits to local blocking injection and surgery methods that were developed 40 years ago. OBJECTIVE:To observe the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma on ischiogluteal bursitis. METHODS:Data of 15 patients with ischiogluteal bursitis were colected. Al the patients with ischiogluteal bursitis were treated with bilateral platelet-rich plasma (n=10) or local blocking injection (n=5). Patients’ outcomes were assessed by visual analogue scale, the Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM) Version II and recurrence rate. The folow-up time was from 6 to 14 months. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: There was no statistical difference in visual analogue scale score between the platelet-rich plasma group and local blocking group (F=0.219,P=0.643), but the score of visual analogue scale in the platelet-rich plasma group was higher during short-term folow-up (within 1 week after treatment), but lower in the long-term folow-up. In the aspects of overal satisfaction score, clinical effectiveness and side effects, the platelet-rich plasma group was inferior to the local blocking group at short-term folow-up, especialy at 1 week after treatment; however, these scores became better in the platelet-rich plasma group than the local blocking group during the long-term folow-up period. In addition, no statistical difference in the convenience score was found between the two groups. At the last folow-up, the recurrence rate in the platelet-rich plasma group was lower than that in the local blocking group. Both the platelet-rich plasma and local blocking injection can significantly reduce the pain of patients with ischiogluteal bursitis. Local blocking injection has better short-term effectiveness. Platelet-rich plasma injection works moderately, but its effectiveness can last for longer time, and the recurrence rate is lower.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441756

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The preemptive analgesia is stil a controversial issue. Existing studies have not paid much attention to effects of preoperative factors on the hypersensitivity of peripheral and central mechanisms. Visual analog scale scores cannot subjectively and repeatedly reveal patient’s pain. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the validity of the preventive analgesia effect of Celebrex in patients with total knee arthroplasty. METHODS:Patients with osteoarthritis of the knee who received total knee arthroplasty were accessed by Pittsburgh sleep quality index, self-rating depression scale and self-rating anxiety scale. In al , thirty patients were enrol ed in the study. They were randomized into Celebrex group and vitamin C group, and each group had 15 patients. The patients in the Celebrex group and vitamin C group took 200 mg Celebrex and vitamin C, respectively, twice a day from day 2 to day 4. Both of their knees were evaluated by resting visual analogue scale and moving visual analogue scale in the evening of day 1 before treatment and day 3 after treatment. Meanwhile, the pain threshold and pain tolerance were accessed by a pain-threshold machine. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:No statistical significance of the changes of resting and moving visual analogue scale scores was found in both knees in the Celebrex group (P>0.05). The pain threshold of both knees were significantly increased (P0.05). There were no significant changes in the pain tolerance in both knees (P>0.05). The changing values of resting or moving visual analogue scale were not significantly correlated with the pain threshold and pain tolerance (P>0.05). There were no significant changes in visual analogue scale scores, pain threshold and pain tolerance in both knees of the vitamin C group (P>0.05). Celebrex could increase the pain threshold of patients receiving total knee arthroplasty, especial y the severe knee, which indicates that the Celebrex is good for the preventive analgesia. Comparatively speaking, the pain threshold might be more sensitive than visual analogue scale in revealing the change of pain after analgesia. There is no significant correlation between visual analogue scale score and the hypersensitivity of pain.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-593752

ABSTRACT

Fifteen cases of periprosthetic femoral fractures of after total hip arthroplasty (THA) in Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Guangdong People’s Hospital between May 1997 and May 2007 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the classification of Vancouver, there was 1 case of type AG, one of type AL, 3 of type B1, 5 of type B2, 3 of type B2, and 2 of type C. Two cases of type A were treated with conventional method, and cases of type B1 and C were treated with open reduction and internal fixation. Cases of type B2 and B3 were treated with a long-stem cemented prosthesis revision plus allograft cortical strut bone. Through 3-12 months follow-up, all the fractures were healed, and bone allografting was successful, but with high rate of complications which were curable. The new prosthesis stem was fixed well. Excellent and good rate of Harris scores for hip joint was 73.3%. Therapy selection based on Vancouver classification for periprosthetic femoral fracture after total hip arthroplasty is an effective method.

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