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1.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 958-963, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801396

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prenatal ultrasonographic features and prognosis of vasa previa, to explore the application value of sector scanning in the intracervical mouth by antenatal ultrasound, then to increase vasa previa detection rate.@*Methods@#Prenatal ultrasound images, clinical characteristics and pregnancy outcome of 35 pregnant women with vasa previa confirmed by surgery and pathology were analyzed retrospectively, the diagnostic effectiveness of sector scanning in the intracervical mouth was evaluated.@*Results@#Thirty-three of the 35 vasa previa cases were detected by sector scanning in the intracervical mouth, with a detection rate of 94.3% (33/35). Of the 35 cases, 20 cases (60.6%) were first contacted in second trimester and 13 cases (39.4%) were first contacted in third trimester. Two cases were missed or misdiagnosed, which were all first contact in third trimester. Among the 35 cases, 25 were velamentous placenta and 4 were battledore placenta. Twenty cases were low-lying placenta or marginal placenta previa. All 35 women underwent cesarean section. No neonatal mortality, 11 term infants, 20 premature infants of more than 34 weeks and 4 premature infants of less than 34 weeks. All placentas underwent pathological examination after delivery, 4 cases placentas underwent vascular casting, and it was found that 2 cases were vasa previa of umbilical artery branch and 2 cases were vasa previa of allantoic veins branch.@*Conclusions@#Vasa previa can be effectively detected by prenatal ultrasonography through sector scanning in the intracervical mouth. Second trimester is the best period to detect vasa previa. Pathomorphological examination on placenta after delivery and vascular casting are helpful to the understanding of vasa previa.

2.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 958-963, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824438

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prenatal ultrasonographic features and prognosis of vasa previa,to explore the application value of sector scanning in the intracervical mouth by antenatal ultrasound,then to increase vasa previa detection rate.Methods Prenatal ultrasound images,clinical characteristics and pregnancy outcome of 35 pregnant women with vasa previa confirmed by surgery and pathology were analyzed retrospectively,the diagnostic effectiveness of sector scanning in the intracervical mouth was evaluated.Results Thirty-three of the 35 vasa previa cases were detected by sector scanning in the intracervical mouth,with a detection rate of 94.3 % (33/35).Of the 35 cases,20 cases (60.6 %) were first contacted in second trimester and 13 cases (39.4%) were first contacted in third trimester.Two cases were missed or misdiagnosed,which were all first contact in third trimester.Among the 35 cases,25 were velamentous placenta and 4 were battledore placenta.Twenty cases were low-lying placenta or marginal placenta previa.All 35 women underwent cesarean section.No neonatal mortality,11 term infants,20 premature infants of more than 34 weeks and 4 premature infants of less than 34 weeks.All placentas underwent pathological examination after delivery,4 cases placentas underwent vascular casting,and it was found that 2 cases were vasa previa of umbilical artery branch and 2 cases were vasa previa of allantoic veins branch.Conclusions Vasa previa can be effectively detected by prenatal ultrasonography through sector scanning in the intracervical mouth.Second trimester is the best period to detect vasa previa.Pathomorphological examination on placenta after delivery and vascular casting are helpful to the understanding of vasa previa.

3.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 784-788, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707723

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of the cavum vergae vanishing sign for prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of fetal agenesis of the corpus callosum ( ACC ) . Methods Fifty-one cases of ACC of 20 - 32 gestational weeks were confirmed by MRI or induced fetal autopsy . A random selection of 80 normal fetuses of 20 - 32 gestational weeks were chosed as control group . The displays of the cavum septum pellucidum ( CSP) and the cavum vergae( CV ) in the two groups were observed . Results There were 36 cases of complete agenesis of the corpus callosum ( CACC) and 15 cases of partial agenesis of the corpus callusom ( PACC) in ACC group . In 51 ACC cases ,43 cases were confirmed by prenatal MRI ,while 8 cases were confirmed by postnatal MRI . The comparison of display of CSP and CV between the ACC group and the health group was as follows : ① CSP vanishing rate in ACC group was 70 .6% ( 36/51 ) ,meanwhile the disappearance rate of CSP in the health group was 0 ( 0/80 ) ,the difference between the two groups was statistically significant( χ2 = 77 .870 , P = 0 .000) . ② CV vanishing rate in ACC group was 96 .1% (49/51) , meanwhile the disappearance rate of CV in the health group was 1 .2% ( 1/80) ,the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2 = 118 .673 , P = 0 .000) . The correlation coefficient between the CV vanishing sign and the occurrence of ACC was 0 .952 ( P = 0 .000) ,while the correlation coefficient between the CSP vanishing sign and the occurrence of ACC was 0 .771 ( P = 0 .000) . There were significant differences in CSP disappearance rate and CV disappearance rate between ACC group and control group at different gestational weeks ( 20 - 24 weeks ,25 - 28 weeks and 29 - 32 weeks) ( all P < 0 .001) . Conclusions The cavum vergae vanishing sign ,as an important indirect sign of fetal agenesis of the corpus callosum ,can be obtained quickly from horizontal transverse section of the cavum septum pellucidum . During the middle pregnancy ,it could be an important prenatal ultrasound screening clue for fetal agenesis of the corpus callosum .

4.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 845-849, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663534

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of prenatal ultrasound,autopsy and vascular cast in diagnosis of right atrial isomerism(RAI).Methods Forty cases diagnosed as RAI by prenatal ultrasound from May 2012 to May 2017 were analyzed.And the results of autopsy and vascular cast after odinopoeia were compared,then up the characteristics of RAI were summed.The feature of venous drainage was the point.Results For all the 40 cases,the relative position of magenblase,the cross section of aortaventralis, the cross section of inferior vena cava and umbilical vein were lost"C"shape view.In intracardiac anomalies magenblase and cardiac apex on the different sides accounted for 77.5%,the atrioventricular septal defect accounted for 67.5%,the right ventricle double outlet accounted for 65.0%,and pulmonary artery stenosis accounted for 52.5%.The major finding of venous drainage were:bilateral superior vena cava accounted for 52.5%,left inferior vena cava accounted for 60.0%,abnormal hepatic venous drainage accounted for 20.0%,pulmonary vein co-antrum accounted for 45.0%.Three cases of cardiac malformation and 4 cases of abnormal pulmonary venous drainage were misdiagnosed,and 4 cases of abnormal hepatic venous drainage were missed by prenatal ultrasound.Conclusions RAI always combines distinctive cardiac malformations and abnormal venous drainage.Prenatal ultrasound has significant diagnostic value.It's important to have further understanding about RAI through the feedback of autopsy and vascular cast.

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