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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317605

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the application of three-stitch preventive transverse colostomy in anterior resection of low rectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>From May 2015 to March 2016, 70 consecutive low rectal cancer patients undergoing anterior resection and preventive transverse colostomy in our department were recruited in this prospective study. According to the random number table method, 70 patients were divided into three-stitch transverse colostomy group(observation group, n=35) and traditional transverse colostomy group(control group, n=35). Procedure of three-stitch preventive transverse colostomy was as follows: firstly, at the upper 1/3 incision 0.5-1.0 cm distance from the skin, 7# silk was used to suture from outside to inside, then the needle belt line went through the transverse edge of the mesangial avascular zone. At the lower 1/3 incision 0.5-1.0 cm distance from the skin, 7# silk was used to suture from inside to outside, then silk went through the transverse edge of the mesangial avascular zone again and was ligatured. Finally, in the upper and lower ends of the stoma, 7# silk was used to suture and fix transverse seromuscular layer and the skin. The operation time and morbidity of postoperative complications associated with colostomy were compared between two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in baseline data between the two groups(all P>0.05). The operative time of observation group was shorter than that of control group [(3.2±1.3) min vs. (15.5±3.4) min, P<0.05]. Incidences of colostomy skin-mucous separation, dermatitis, stoma rebound were significantly lower in observation group [5.7%(2/35) vs. 34.3%(12/35), P=0.007; 8.6%(3/35) vs. 31.4%(11/35), P=0.036; 0 vs. 17.1%(6/35), P=0.025, respectively], while incidences of parastomal hernia and stoma prolapse in two groups were similar (both P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compared with traditional transverse colostomy method, the three-stitch preventive transverse colostomy has more operating advantages and can reduce postoperative complications associated with colostomy.</p>


Subject(s)
Colostomy , Methods , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Humans , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Surgical Stomas , Suture Techniques , Sutures , Treatment Outcome
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