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1.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 794-800, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812055

ABSTRACT

Valienone is a significant natural carbasugar member of the C7-cyclitol family as a valuable precursor for glycosidase inhibitor drugs. It is an intermediate of validamycin A biosynthesis pathway and exhibits minimal accumulation in the fermentation broth of the natural Streptomyces producer. A quantitative analytical method is crucial for the development of a breakthrough microbial process overcoming the consumption of the natural metabolic flux. The present study was designed to develop a pre-column derivatization high-performance liquid chromatography method for quantification of valienone and to help establish a straightforward fermentation process for valienone production by metabolically engineered Streptomyces hygroscopicus 5008. Valienone was derivatized by 2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) in 10 mmol·L HPO at 37 °C for 45 min and the derivatives were separated on Eclipse XDB-C (5 μm, 4.6 mm × 150 mm) column at 30 °C eluted with 50% acetonitrile for 18 min. The derivatives were detected by diode array detector at 380 nm and the configurations of the derivatives were determined by computational studies. The method was shown to be effective, sensitive, and reliable. Good linearity was found in the range of 5-2 000 μg·mL. The intra- and inter-day precisions were 1.1%-2.7% and 1.7%-2.2%, respectively. The absolute recovery of the spiked samples was 97.2%-102.6%. To date, this is the first reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography detection method for valienone in microbial culture medium. This method successfully helped evaluate the valienone production capability of the engineered Streptomyces hygroscopicus 5008 and could be promising for C7-cyclitol profiling of different engineered mutants combined with the metabonomics methods.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Biosynthetic Pathways , Chromatography, Reverse-Phase , Methods , Cyclohexenes , Hexosamines , Metabolic Engineering , Streptomyces , Genetics , Metabolism
2.
Drug Evaluation Research ; (6): 1122-1125, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662877

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of Levosimendan and Qiliqiangxin Capsule in congestive heart failure and influence in serum levels of NT-proBNP and Hcy.Methods 92 cases of patients with congestive heart failure in our hospital from January 2014 to June 2016 were selected and divided into observation group and control group,46 cases in each group.Patients in the control group were treated with Levosimendan on the basis of conventional treatment,and the observation group were treated with Levosimendan and Qiliqiangxin Capsule.Compared the clinical effect,safety,and the change of serum levels of NT-proBNP and Hey before and after treatment.Results The total effective rate of observation group were higher than control group,but the difference was no significant.After treatment,the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF),stroke volume (SV) in two groups were significantly higher than that before treatment,the left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD) were significantly lower than before treatment (P < 0.05);and the LVEF and SV of the observation group were significantly higher than the control group,LVEDD was significantly lower than the control group (P < 0.05).After treatment,serum levels of NT-proBNP and Hey of two groups were significantly better than before (P < 0.05),and the observation group were better than control group (P < 0.05).The difference in the adverse reaction rate was no significant.Conclusion The clinical curative effect of Levosimendan and Qiliqiangxin Capsule in congestive heart failure is distinct,which can effectively improve the clinical symptoms of patients,the cardiac function,serum levels of NT-proBNP and Hcy.

3.
Drug Evaluation Research ; (6): 1122-1125, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660931

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of Levosimendan and Qiliqiangxin Capsule in congestive heart failure and influence in serum levels of NT-proBNP and Hcy.Methods 92 cases of patients with congestive heart failure in our hospital from January 2014 to June 2016 were selected and divided into observation group and control group,46 cases in each group.Patients in the control group were treated with Levosimendan on the basis of conventional treatment,and the observation group were treated with Levosimendan and Qiliqiangxin Capsule.Compared the clinical effect,safety,and the change of serum levels of NT-proBNP and Hey before and after treatment.Results The total effective rate of observation group were higher than control group,but the difference was no significant.After treatment,the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF),stroke volume (SV) in two groups were significantly higher than that before treatment,the left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD) were significantly lower than before treatment (P < 0.05);and the LVEF and SV of the observation group were significantly higher than the control group,LVEDD was significantly lower than the control group (P < 0.05).After treatment,serum levels of NT-proBNP and Hey of two groups were significantly better than before (P < 0.05),and the observation group were better than control group (P < 0.05).The difference in the adverse reaction rate was no significant.Conclusion The clinical curative effect of Levosimendan and Qiliqiangxin Capsule in congestive heart failure is distinct,which can effectively improve the clinical symptoms of patients,the cardiac function,serum levels of NT-proBNP and Hcy.

4.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 48-51, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239009

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the correlation of the testis volume and reproductive hormone level with the results of testicular sperm aspiration (TESA) in non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) patients, and to explore the cut-off value of the testis volume and reproductive hormone level in predicting the results of TESA so as to provide reliable information for the diagnosis and treatment of NOA.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We enlisted 121 NOA patients in this study, divided them into a sperm group and a non-sperm group based on the results of TESA, and measured their testis volumes and reproductive hormone levels.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The left testis volume, the right testis volume, and the levels of prolactin (PRL), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinising hormone (LH), estradiol (E2) and total testosterone (T) in the non-sperm and sperm groups were (7.07 +/- 1.06) ml vs (11.75 +/- 1.38) ml, (7.37 +/- 1.37) ml vs (11.70 +/- 1.98) ml, (12.43 +/- 11.69) ng/ml vs (9.60 +/- 4.55) ng/ml, (15.77 +/- 10.84) mIU/ml vs (8.01 +/- 7.43) mIU/ml, (6.12 +/- 2.92) mIU/ml vs (8.11 +/- 20.11) mIU/ml, (119.36 +/- 43.52) pmol/L vs (141.12 +/- 48.33) pmol/L, and (11.43 +/- 4.05) nmol/L vs (12.46 +/- 4.60) nmol/L, respectively. The mean levels of serum FSH and PRL were significantly higher in the non-sperm than in the sperm group. Although the mean testis volume of the former was less than that of the latter, there were no significant differences between the two groups, and nor were any significant differences in age and the levels of E2 and T. The cut-off value of the testis volume was 9 ml, with sensitivity of 93.8%/89.6% (left/right) and specificity of 100%/94.3% (left/right). The area under curve (AUC) of the left testis volume was 0.984 and that of the right was 0.961, indicating a high diagnostic accuracy. The cut-off value of the serum FSH level was 8.18 mIU/ml, with a sensitivity of 71.2% and a specificity of 75.0%. The AUC of the FSH level was 0.743, suggestive of a moderate diagnostic accuracy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The testis volume and FSH level are important for predicting the TESA results of NOA patients, and the former has even a higher diagnostic accuracy than the latter.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Azoospermia , Pathology , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Luteinizing Hormone , Organ Size , Sperm Retrieval , Testis
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2885-2889, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244331

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>It is still controversial whether the serum inhibin B level is a superior predictor of the presence of sperm in testicular sperm extraction (TESE) in azoospermic men compared with serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). In this study, we evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of serum inhibin B levels as a predictor of the outcome of TESE in Chinese non-obstructive azoospermic men and compared it with the traditional marker serum FSH and testicular volumes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Basal values of serum hormone levels, testicular volumes and histological evaluation of 305 Chinese non-obstructive azoospermic men were analyzed. The level of inhibin B was measured using a three-step enzyme-linked immunoassay before sperm extraction, and the diagnostic accuracy of prediction of the outcome of TESE was compared for different markers by the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Testicular sperm was successfully retrieved in 137 of 305 patients (44.9%). The serum level of inhibin B, the FSH and the testicular volume were significantly different between the successful TESE group and the unsuccessful group. According to the ROC curve analysis, for inhibin B, the cut-off value for discriminating between successful and failed TESE was 28.39 pg/ml (sensitivity 83.5%, specificity 79.1%). For FSH, the best cut-off value for discriminating was 11.05 pg/ml (sensitivity 83.5%, specificity 74.5%). The area under the ROC curve of serum inhibin B was similar to that of FSH. Combining the serum inhibin B with FSH levels did not improve the predictive value for successful TESE.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Serum inhibin B and FSH levels are correlated with spermatogenesis. However, inhibin B is not superior to FSH in predicting the presence of sperm in TESE. And the combination of them does not improve the diagnostic accuracy on TESE outcome.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Azoospermia , Blood , Biomarkers , Blood , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Blood , Inhibins , Blood , Sperm Retrieval , Spermatogenesis , Physiology , Testis , Cell Biology
6.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1304-1308, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235137

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role of chloride channels in the apoptosis of poorly differentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma CNE-2Z cells induced by gambogic acid (GA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MTT assay was applied to detect the proliferation of CNE-2Z cells after GA treatment, and the cell apoptosis was detected by Hoechst 33342 staining. Whole-cell patch clamp technique was employed to record GA-activated Cl(-) currents in the cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>GA inhibited the cell proliferation in a time- and concentration-dependent manner with an IC(50) of 3.1 µmol/L for a 48-h treatment. The apoptosis-inducing effect of 8 µmol/L GA was attenuated by the chloride channel blocker NPPB (100 µmol/L) and tamoxifen (20 µmol/L). GA induced an outward-rectified Cl(-) current in the cells, which was significantly inhibited by NPPB.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GA suppresses cell proliferation and induces apoptosis by activating Cl(-) channels in CNE-2Z cells, suggesting the important role of Cl(-) channels in GA-induced apoptosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Chloride Channels , Physiology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Pathology , Patch-Clamp Techniques , Xanthones , Pharmacology
7.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 202-205, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269593

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct the eukaryotic expression vectors of human cyclin D1 gene and express them in poorly differentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells (CNE-2Z cells).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The full-length cyclin D1 was cloned from CNE-2Z cells by RT-PCR. The cDNA fragments were inserted into pIRES2-EGFP plasmids and pEGFP-C2 plasmids and confirmed by restriction enzyme digestion, PCR and sequencing. The recombinant vectors were transfected into CNE-2Z cells via Lipofectamine 2000, and the expression of cyclin D1 in the cells was examined by immunofluorescence and Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Agarose gel electrophoresis showed a 918 bp band of the RT-PCR products, which matched the expected size. Restriction enzyme digestion, PCR and sequencing demonstrated successful construction of the recombinant vectors. CNE-2Z cells transfected with the recombinant vectors expressed cyclin D1 protein or cyclin D1-GFP protein as were verified by immunofluorescence and Western blotting.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>We have cloned cyclin D1 gene and constructed its eukaryotic expression vectors that can be expressed in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells, which may facilitate the study of the role of cyclin D1 in the development of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cloning, Molecular , Cyclin D1 , Genetics , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Genetics , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Plasmids , Genetics , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Transfection
8.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 545-550, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241302

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the association between vasectomy and prostate cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We searched comprehensively the databases, CBMDisc, CMCC, CMAC, CNKI (from 1978 to January 6, 2009), and PubMed (from 1965 to January 6, 2009) using the key words "vasectomy" and "prostate cancer", screened the retrieved literature according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, performed a Meta-analysis with the software RevMan 4.2 after identification of the relevant data, and calculated the overall pooled OR (95% CI) as well as that of the association of prostate cancer with <20 and > or =20 yr vasectomy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 20 088 cases and 232 506 controls in 27 reports (7 cohort and 20 case-control studies) were included in this investigation. The overall pooled OR (95% CI) was 1.10 (0.97-1.24), and those of <20 and > or =20 yr vasectomy were 0.94 (0.83-1.06) and 1.05 (0.90-1.23), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>No existing literature show any positive association between vasectomy and prostate cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms , Epidemiology , Risk Factors , Vasectomy
9.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 740-744, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392420

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare clinical outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection(ICSI)cycle by using fresh and cryopreserved-thawed testicular and epididymal spermatozoa in azoospermic patients.Methods Between September 2006 and May 2007,208 azoospermic patients underwent in vitro fertilization(IVF)were treated in Center of Reproductive Medicine,Peking University Third Hospital.Those couples were divided into two groups based on their wishes,including 171 cases in fresh group and 37 cases in cryopreserved-thawed group.The cryopreserved testicular or epididymal spermatozoa were thawed and recovered before ICSI procedure iu thawed group.The outcomes of ICSI in each group were compared.including clinical outcomes(two pronuclear fertilization,high quality embryo,clinical pregnancy and embryo implantation)and pregnancy outcomes(spontaneous miscarriage,gestational weeks and neonatal birth weight).Results (1),The utilization rate were 92%(23/25)in cryopreserved-thawed testicular spermatozoa and 100%(12/12)in epididymal spermatozoa.(2)Between fresh and cryopreserved-thawed groups,no statistical difference was observed in two pronuclear fertilization rate[62.25%(973/1563)vs.64.53%(282/437),P=0.960],high quality embryo rate[78.9%(768/973)vs.79.1%(223/282),P=0.985],clinical pregnancy rate per embryo transfer[44.4%(60/135)vs.46.9%(15/32),P:0.688]and embryo implantation rate[29.3%(84/287)vs.33.3%(23/69),P=0.508].(3)No significant difference between flesh and cryopreserved group was found in spontaneous miscarriage rate (11%vs.7%,P=1.000),gestational weeks(single birth:39.0 weeks vs.38.7 weeks,P:0.538;twins:36.8 weeks vs.36.3 weeks,P=0.571)and birth weight(single birth:3409 g vs.3350 g,P=0.699;twins:2584 g vs.2635 g,P=0.703).Conclusion It suggested that tissue from the azoospermic patients who underwent diagnostic testieular and epididymal biopsy should be eryopreseved for IVF-ET.

10.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 704-708, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309810

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship of seminal plasma levocarnitine with sperm concentration, vitality and motility.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Enrolled in this study were 64 infertile men, who were divided according to the results of routine sperm tests into a normozoospermia (n = 12), an oligozoospermia (n = 16), an asthenozoospermia (n = 20) and an oligoasthenozoospermia group (n = 16). The level of seminal plasma levocarnitine was detected by LC-MS-MS, the concentration of seminal plasma testosterone measured by chemiluminescence immunoassay, the correlation of seminal plasma levocarnitine with sperm concentration, motility and vitality determined by bivariate correlation analysis with SPSS15.0, and so was the correlation between the carnitine and sperm concentration by partial correlation analysis with seminal plasma testosterone as a control variable to exclude the influence of testosterone.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The concentrations of total seminal plasma levocarnitine, free seminal plasma levocarnitine and seminal plasma acetolevocarnitine were (91.33 +/- 40.49) mg/L, (40.89 +/- 24.13) mg/L and (50.44 +/- 21.90) mg/L; the Pearson coefficients of correlation of the levocarnitine level with sperm motility, vitality and concentration were 0.161 (P = 0.235), 0.114 (P = 0.370) and 0.637 (P < 0.001), those of free seminal carnitine with sperm motility and vitality were 0.325 (P = 0.024) and 0.316 (P = 0.029), respectively, with the oligozoospermia group excluded, and that of partial correlation between the concentrations of seminal levocarnitine and sperm was 0.641 (P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The level of seminal plasma levocarnitine is positively correlated with sperm motility and vitality, and more significantly with sperm concentration.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Carnitine , Infertility, Male , Semen , Chemistry , Cell Biology , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Physiology , Spermatozoa , Cell Biology , Physiology
11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686788

ABSTRACT

By inquiring the medical students under the background of grouping teaching between the mainland students and the oversea Chinese students,we have got something about their attitude toward the credit system.The result will help us to improve the teaching renovation in medical education.The questionnaire including implementing of credit system,standard credit system, grouping teaching,curriculum,tutor system of the undergraduates,the administration of education,and so on.Then we analyze and get the result.

12.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 752-754, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339434

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the knowledge of and attitude to sexual dysfunction in aged men, and to discuss the status and needs of male healthcare.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two thousand seven hundred and twenty-eight men (40-70 years old) were surveyed on sexual dysfunction using the randomized questionnaire in Xicheng District, Beijing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) was 41.2%, and only 12.1% ED patients were to see the doctor. 52.4% aged men thought the sexual life was important or very important during the life, and 55.6% thought ED would exert negative impact on the quality of life and the partner relationship. Although 27.4% knew that ED was a kind of disease, 49.0% thought ED was a nature rule. Compare to the 41.2% ED prevalence, only 9.7% male were dissatisfied with their sexual life, and later ratio was 14.1% among the partner.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In China, the status of the knowledge of and attitude to sexual dysfunction in aged men was unsatisfactory to some extent. There is a lot of work to do especially in sexual healthcare education and improvement on diagnostic and treatment of sexual dysfunction.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China , Epidemiology , Coitus , Erectile Dysfunction , Epidemiology , Psychology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Prevalence , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires
13.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 586-588, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308295

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To elucidate how chronic prostatitis affects the expression and activity of the plasminogen activator (PA) system and relates to male infertility.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-three normal fertile males and 80 chronic prostatitis patients (40 fertile and 40 infertile) were included in this research. SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and fibrin overlay method were used to estimate the total PA, and tissue PA (tPA), urokinase type PA (uPA) in semen.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Total PA, tPA and uPA highly expressed in normal males, but decreased in the semen of the chronic prostatitis patients of both the fertile and infertile groups. However, there was no significant difference in total PA between the fertile and infertile patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Chronic prostatitis reduces the secretory function and PA synthesis and secretion of the prostate, but the decrease of PA alone does not cause infertility. PA may be one of the tools for estimating the function of the prostate.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Case-Control Studies , Chronic Disease , Infertility, Male , Metabolism , Prostatitis , Metabolism , Semen , Metabolism , Tissue Plasminogen Activator , Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator
14.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 194-196, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330147

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To explore the expression of ER and PR mRNAs in endometrium with endometriosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The rat model of endometriosis was established, and the expression of ER, PR mRNAs in the endometrium was examined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of ER and PR mRNAs in ectopic endometrium was significantly lower than that in eutopic and normal endometrium (P < 0.01). But no difference was observed between eutopic and normal endometrium (P > 0.05). Ratio of ER/PR mRNA in ectopic endometrium was larger than that in eutopic and in normal endometrium (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The result illuminates that the increased ER plays a vital role in the onset of endometriosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Endometriosis , Metabolism , Endometrium , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Estrogen , Genetics , Metabolism , Receptors, Progesterone , Genetics , Metabolism
15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 662-666, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-249958

ABSTRACT

Conjugal plasmid pGH112 has been developed based on the replicons of Streptomyces coelicolor plasmid SCP2 and E. coli ColE. The plasmid contains ampicilin resistance gene(amp) for selection in E. coli and thiostrepton resistance gene (tsr) for selection in Streptomycetes, and a 0.76 kb oriT fragment of (IncP) RK2. Conjugal transfer of pGH112 was performed from E. coli to S. coelicolor A3(2), S. avermitilis, S. lividans TK54, S. toxytricini NNRL15443, S. venezuelae ISP5230 and Sacc. erythraea by conjugation, results show that the plasmid was able to transfer efficenctly from E. coli to Streptomycetes, was stably inherited in the recipients. pGH113 was constructed from pGH112 by combining the constitutive ermE promoter with green fluorescent protein gene(gfp).


Subject(s)
Ampicillin Resistance , Genetics , Conjugation, Genetic , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Genetics , Plasmids , Streptomycetaceae , Genetics , Thiostrepton , Pharmacology
16.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 343-348, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270886

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To determine the age-adjusted prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) in 3 big cities of China and to explore its potential sociodemographic, medical and lifestyle correlates.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A cross-sectional, population-based survey was conducted in three cities of China. Structured questionnaires were administered to 2 226 men, aged 20 - 86 years, by trained interviewers.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The age-adjusted prevalence of ED was 28.34 % (mild 15.99 %, moderate 7.14 %, severe 5.21 %). In the men above 40, the prevalence was 40.2 %. Age was positively correlated with ED (P<0.01). Education was negatively correlated with ED (P<0.01). Spouse companionship, living condition were positively correlated with ED (P<0.01). Histories of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia were positively correlated with ED (P<0.01). Cigarette smoking was not correlated with ED (P>0.05), while the cigarette consumption and duration were positively correlated with ED (P<0.01). Alcohol drinking is negatively correlated with ED (P<0.01). The duration of drinking was positively correlated with ED (P<0.01). Weekly alcohol consumption was not correlated with ED (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The prevalence of ED increased with age. Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and hyperlipidemia were positively correlated with the increased prevalence. Sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, such as education, spouse companionship, living condition, cigarette and alcohol consumption or duration also have association with the prevalence of ED.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Age Factors , Alcohol Drinking , Cardiovascular Diseases , Epidemiology , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Epidemiology , Education , Erectile Dysfunction , Epidemiology , Hyperlipidemias , Epidemiology , Life Style , Marriage , Population , Risk Factors , Smoking , Socioeconomic Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-555466

ABSTRACT

Aim To Compare the quality of Pinellia Tubers between Nanchong Sichuan and relevant areas in order to standardize plant and to provide evidence for further exploitation and application. Methods Expectorant experiment was conducted with methods of washing mice's respiratory tract with phenol red and antitussive effect, with ammomia caused mice cough. Results In the experiment of expectorant effect, oral administration of the water or the ethanol extracts of pinellia Tubers showed no obvious expectorant effect, it also showed no significant difference compared with control NS. In the antitussive effect experiment, however the water or the ethanol extracts of pinellia Tuhers prolonged the incubation period and reduced the frequency of coughing. It presented significant difference compared with the control NS and clear time-effect relationship. Conclusion Pinellia Tubers from Nanchong Sichuan and relevant areas showed no apparent expectorant effect and have destinct antitussive effect. As for antitussive effects, water extracts were stronger than those of ethanol extracts, and wild Pinellia Tubers outmatched planted ones. Antitussive effect of wild Pinellia Tubers samples was rather stronger from Nanchong, Guangan, Suining, and Liangshan of Sichuan and Xihe Gansu.

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