Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 264
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928627

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the influence of enteral feeding initiation time on intestinal flora and metabolites in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.@*METHODS@#A total of 29 VLBW infants who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, from June to December, 2020, were enrolled as subjects. According to the enteral feeding initiation time after birth, the infants were divided into two groups: <24 hours (n=15) and 24-72 hours (n=14). Fecal samples were collected at weeks 2 and 4 of hospitalization, and 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry were used to analyze the microflora and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) respectively in fecal samples.@*RESULTS@#The analysis of microflora showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups in Chao index (reflecting the abundance of microflora) and Shannon index (reflecting the diversity of microflora) at weeks 2 and 4 after birth (P>0.05). The analysis of flora composition showed that there was no significant difference in the main microflora at the phylum and genus levels between the two groups at weeks 2 and 4 after birth (P>0.05). The comparison of SCFAs between the two groups showed that the <24 hours group had a significantly higher level of propionic acid than the 24-72 hours group at week 4 (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the total amount of SCFAs and the content of the other SCFAs between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early enteral feeding has no influence on the diversity and abundance of intestinal flora in VLBW infants, but enteral feeding within 24 hours can increase the level of propionic acid, a metabolite of intestinal flora.


Subject(s)
Child , Enteral Nutrition/methods , Fatty Acids, Volatile , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Propionates , Prospective Studies
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928605

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the mutation rate of the RAS gene and its clinical significance in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 120 children with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia, who were admitted to the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2015 to January 2020 and underwent next-generation sequencing. The clinical and molecular features were analyzed. The impact of RAS gene mutation on the overall survival rate was evaluated in these children.@*RESULTS@#Among the 120 children, 35 (29.2%) had RAS gene mutation, 30 (25.0%) had KRAS gene mutation, and 5 (4.2%) had both NRAS and KRAS gene mutations. All NRAS mutations and 71% (25/35) of KRAS mutations were located at the 12th and 13th codons. RAS gene mutation was detected in 35 (33.3%) out of 105 children with B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia, but it was not detected in those with acute T lymphocyte leukemia. Of all the children, 11 (9.2%) were lost to follow-up, and among the 109 children followed up, 16 (14.7%) died. The children with RAS gene mutation had a significantly lower 2-year overall survival rate than those without RAS gene mutation (P<0.05). The prognosis of children with RAS gene mutation combined with WT1 overexpression and WBC>50×109/L at diagnosis was worse (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#RAS gene mutation is commonly observed in children with B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia and may have an adverse effect on prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Genes, ras , Humans , Mutation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928341

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the incidence and risk factors of readmission of elderly patients with hip fracture after hip hemiarthroplasty.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 237 elderly hip fracture patients who underwent hip hemiarthroplasty from February 2015 to October 2020 were performed. According to the readmission status of the patients at 3 months postoperatively, the patients were divided into readmission group (39 cases)and non-readmission group(198 cases). In readmission group, there were 7 males and 32 females with an average age of(84.59±4.34) years old, respectively, there were 34 males and 164 females with average age of (84.65±4.17) years old in non-readmission group. The general information, surgical status, hip Harris score and complications of patients in two groups were included in univariate analysis, and multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze independent risk factors of patients' readmission.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of complications(cerebral infarction and coronary heart disease) in readmission group was significantly higher than that of non-readmission group (P<0.05), and intraoperative blood loss in readmission group was significantly higher than that of non-readmission group(P<0.05). Harris score of hip joint was significantly lower than that of non-readmission group(P<0.05). The proportion of infection, delirium, joint dislocation, anemia and venous thrombosis in readmission group were significantly higher than that of non-readmission group (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors for readmission of elderly patients with hip fracture after hip hemiarthroplasty included cerebral infarction, infection, delirium, dislocation, anemia and venous thrombosis (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The complications of the elderly patients who were readmission after hip hemiarthroplasty for hip fractures were significantly higher than those who were non-readmission. Cerebral infarction, infection, delirium, dislocation, anemia and venous thrombosis are risk factors that lead to patient readmission. Corresponding intervention measures can be taken clinically based on these risk factors to reduce the incidence of patient readmissions.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Cerebral Infarction/surgery , Delirium , Female , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Hemiarthroplasty/adverse effects , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Male , Patient Readmission , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927928

ABSTRACT

An ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(UHPLC-MS/MS) method was established to investigate the pharmacokinetic behaviors of psoralenoside, isopsoralenoside, calycosin-7-glucoside, ononin, psoralen, isopsoralen, methylnissolin, and neobavaisoflavone in rat plasma after oral administration of Bufei Huoxue Capsules. After SD rats were administered with Bufei Huoxue Capsules suspension by gavage, blood samples were collected from the inner canthus at different time points. After protein precipitation, plasma samples were separated on ACQUITY UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm). The mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile(A) and water(B) containing 0.1% formic acid in gradient elution. The positive and negative ions were measured simultaneously in the multi-reaction monitoring(MRM) mode. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated and fitted by DAS 3.2.8. Psoralenoside, isopsoralenoside, calycosin-7-glucoside, ononin, psoralen, isopsoralen, methylnissolin, and neobavaisoflavone were detected in the rat plasma after drug administration, with AUC_(0-t) of(3 357±1 348),(3 555±1 696),(3.03±0.88),(2.21±0.33),(1 787±522),(2 295±539),(5.69±1.41) and(3.40±0.75) μg·L~(-1)·h, and T_(max) of(1.56±0.62),(1.40±0.70),(0.21±0.05),(0.25±0.12),(0.26±0.11),(0.34±0.29),(0.74±0.59), and 0.25 h. The method is proved specific and repeatable and is suitable for the determination of psoralenoside, isopsoralenoside, calycosin-7-glucoside, ononin, pso-ralen, isopsoralen, methylnissolin, and neobavaisoflavone in the rat plasma, which can be applied to pharmacokinetic study.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capsules , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922413

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the long-term effect of active parenteral nutrition support regimen in preterm infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks.@*METHODS@#According to the different doses of fat emulsion and amino acids used in the early stage, the preterm infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks, who were admitted to the hospital within 24 hours after birth from May to December 2019, were divided into an active parenteral nutrition group and a conventional parenteral nutrition group (@*RESULTS@#At the age of 6 months, the active parenteral nutrition group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For preterm infants with a gestational age of <34 weeks, an active parenteral nutrition support strategy with high doses of fat emulsion and amino acids within 24 hours after birth can improve their long-term neurodevelopment.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Parenteral Nutrition , Parenteral Nutrition, Total
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922383

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of the course of treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics on intestinal flora and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in feces of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.@*METHODS@#A total of 29 VLBW infants who were admitted to the Neonatal Diagnosis and Treatment Center of Children's Hospital Affiliated to Chongqing Medical University from June to December 2020 were enrolled as subjects for this prospective study. According to the course of treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics, they were divided into two groups: ≤7 days (@*RESULTS@#There was a significant reduction in Chao index of the intestinal flora in the ≤7 days group and the >7 days group from week 2 to week 4 (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The course of treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics can affect the abundance, colonization, and evolution of intestinal flora and the content of their metabolites SCFAs in VLBW infants. The indication and treatment course for broad-spectrum antibiotics should be strictly controlled in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Child , Fatty Acids, Volatile , Feces , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Prospective Studies
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 503-510, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873781

ABSTRACT

Drug use during pregnancy is unavoidable. Therefore, it is vitally important for medical workers to help pregnant women take drugs correctly to reduce the incidence of spontaneous abortion, premature birth, and low birth weight. In our study, drug screening model with induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) was used to find some improper drugs which will result in woman's abortion. With 3D culture in vitro, iPSCs can form embryoid bodies (EBs) and cerebral organoids, which simulated in vitro development of early embryos, from inner cell mass to germ-layer differentiation. In the experiment, EBs were exposed to mifepristone (RU486), and three experimental groups were divided randomly. They were control group (without RU486), low-dose group (L-RU486, 10 μg·mL-1), and high-dose group (H-RU486, 20 μg·mL-1). After mifepristone exposure, EBs were observed at days 5, 8, and 11, including size of EB, cell apoptosis, and differentiation of germ layers, by using inverted optical microscope, TUNEL assay, and immunofluorescent staining. The results showed that through 3D culture, iPSCs could develop into embryoid bodies, neural rosettes, and finally cerebral organoids. After mifepristone exposure, EBs' sizes were decreased (P < 0.01); the levels of cell apoptosis in EBs were increased after mifepristone exposure (P < 0.01); the development of EBs' germ layer was affected. Mifepristone exposure could inhibit the proliferation of embryonic stem cells, reduce the differentiation of ectoderm (P < 0.01) and promote the development of mesoderm (P < 0.05). In conclusion, iPSCs can be used as a screening model for abortion drug, and EBs’ diameter, cell apoptosis, and differentiation changes of the germ layers can serve as criteria of abortion drug screening.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1789-1796, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887018

ABSTRACT

An immunologically stressed rat model was used in a metabolomics study on the ability of Paeoniae Rubra Radix to reduce the liver toxicity of Psoraleae Fructus. Different groups of rats were given the extracts of Psoraleae Fructus and Psoraleae Fructus together with Paeoniae Rubra Radix or combined with a non-toxic dose of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The biochemical indices of liver function and pathological changes in liver tissue were used to evaluate histopathological changes. UHPLC-QTOF/MS was used to analyze the metabolic profile of serum samples, combined with principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) methods. The HMDB database and Metabo Analyst online tool were used for biomarker identification and metabolic pathway-enrichment analysis. The results show that the co-treatment Psoraleae Fructus and LPS resulted in significant liver injury, indicated by the elevation of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activities, as well as obvious pathological changes. Liver injury was significantly decreased by treatment with Paeoniae Rubra Radix. Metabolomic analysis showed that the addition of Paeoniae Rubra Radix ameliorated the abnormal serum metabolism in rats mainly through regulation of arachidonic acid metabolism and glycerophospholipid metabolism pathways.

9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 349-352, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886061

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF) combined with traditional medicine retention enema for treatment of chronic radiation proctitis.Methods:A total of 128 patients pathologically diagnosed as cervical cancer and endometrial cancer with grade 1-2 chronic radiation proctitis at Xiangyang Central Hospital from October 2017 to October 2019 were enrolled in a random, single-blind, control trial. The patients were divided into the control group and the experiment group according to the random number table, and the control group was given the treatment regimen of gentamicin + dexamethasone + Yunnan Baiyao retention enema, and the experimental group was given the treatment regimen of rhGM-CSF + gentamicin + dexamethasone + Yunnan Baiyao retention enema; both regimens treated twice daily for three weeks. The clinical symptom before and after enema treatment based on the subjective, objective, management and analytic (SOMA) scale was scored and the efficacy was evaluated by combining with stool routine and rectoscopy.Results:According to the SOMA scale, the scores of hematochezia, diarrhea, tenesmus, abdominal pain after enema were lower than those before enema, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05); however, the scores of all symptoms before treatment of both groups were not statistically significant different (all P>0.05). The score of hematochezia in the experimental group after enema was lower than that in the control group [(0.33±0.15) scores vs. (0.48±0.32) scores, t=2.045, P=0.022], and the scores of other symptoms in both groups were not statistically significant different (all P>0.05). The overall effective rate was 79.69% (51/64) in the control group and 90.63% (58/64) in the experimental group, and difference was statistically significant (χ 2=6.485, P=0.026). All patients had no obvious adverse reactions. Conclusions:rhGM-CSF combined with traditional medicine retention enema for treatment of chronic radiation proctitis in patients with cervical cancer and endometrial cancer is highly effective and easy to operate, and patients are well tolerated, which is worthy of clinical promotion.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 595-601, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884749

ABSTRACT

Femoral neck fractures in pediatric fractures account for less than 1% which is very rare, and its mechanism is commonly caused by high-energy trauma. If children with femoral neck fracture cannot receive timely and effective treatment, they are at high risk of avascular necrosis of the femoral head (AVN), coxa vara, bone nonunion, premature physeal closure, leg length discrepancy and other complications. Surgical treatment is currently preferred over conservative treatment, which has a higher complication rate. Among them, AVN is one of the most common and the most difficult complications to manage. So far, no effective treatment measures and reliable predictors have been reported, and the related factors affecting the occurrence of AVN have also been controversial. Once femoral head necrosis occurs in children, the prognosis is not ideal due to the lack of appropriate treatment methods. Therefore, this paper reviews the research progress on the related factors of AVN after femoral neck fracture in children based on the literature reports in the past decade.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 399-403, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883734

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between fluoride intake and serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in pregnant women of different gestational periods in endemic fluorosis area.Methods:Pregnant women in Rencheng District, Jinxiang County, Jiaxiang County of Jining City and Yuncheng County of Heze City were selected in April 2020. According to the gestational weeks, pregnant women were divided into early pregnancy group (0 - 12 weeks), middle pregnancy group (13 - 27 weeks) and late pregnancy group (> 27 weeks). The levels of urinary fluoride, ALP, osteocalcin (BGP), C-terminal peptide of β-Ⅰ collagen (β-CTX) and N-terminal propeptide of type Ⅰ collagen (PINP) of pregnant women in each group were measured, and the correlation between urinary fluoride and ALP, BGP, β-CTX, and PINP in pregnant women of different gestational periods was analyzed.Results:A total of 372 pregnant women were selected, including 97 cases in early pregnancy group, 169 cases in middle pregnancy group and 106 cases in late pregnancy group. There was no significant difference in urinary fluoride level between the three groups [(1.20 ± 0.25), (1.23 ± 0.19), (1.24 ± 0.30) mg/L, P > 0.05]. There was significant difference in serum ALP among the three groups ( P < 0.05), among them, the ALP level in early pregnancy was significantly lower than those of middle pregnancy group and late pregnancy group ( P < 0.05), and the ALP level in middle pregnancy was significantly lower than that of late pregnancy group ( P < 0.05). There was no significant differences in serum β-CTX among the three groups ( P > 0.05). There were significant differences in serum BGP and PINP levels among the three groups ( P < 0.05). The serum BGP and PINP levels in late pregnancy group were significantly higher than those of early pregnancy group and middle pregnancy group ( P < 0.05), and there were no significant differences in serum BGP and PINP levels between early pregnancy group and middle pregnancy group ( P < 0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between urinary fluoride and ALP in early pregnancy group ( r = 0.364, P < 0.05), but no significant correlation between urinary fluoride and BGP, β-CTX and PINP ( r = 0.164, 0.117, 0.136, P > 0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between urinary fluoride level and ALP in middle pregnancy group ( r = 0.417, P < 0.05), but no significant correlation between urinary fluoride level and BGP, β-CTX and PINP ( r = 0.127, 0.108, 0.129, P > 0.05). There was no significant correlation between urinary fluoride level and ALP, BGP, β-CTX and PINP in late pregnancy group ( r = 0.179, 0.158, 0.184, 0.149, P > 0.05). Conclusions:The urinary fluoride level of pregnant women in endemic fluorosis area is relatively stable in gestational period. The urinary fluoride level affects the ALP secretion of pregnant women in early and middle pregnancy. It is still necessary to strengthen the measures of improving water quality and defluoridation to reduce the impact of excessive fluoride intake on pregnancy complications in endemic fluorosis area.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878693

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize clinical characteristics and investigate possible pathogenic gene of Klippel-Feil syndrome(KFS)by the self-designed multigene panel sequencing,so as to decipher the molecular basis for early diagnosis and targeted therapy.Methods From January 2015 to December 2018,we consecutively recruited 25 patients who were diagnosed with KFS in Peking Union Medical College Hospital.The demographic information,clinical manifestations,physical examination and radiological assessments were analyzed.Multigene panel sequencing was performed after DNA extraction from peripheral blood.The possible pathogenic mutations of KFS were explored on the basis of bioinformatics analysis.Results The KFS cohort consisted of 25 patients,including 15 males and 10 females,with a mean age of(12.9±7.3)years.Limited cervical range of motion was the most common clinical feature(12 cases,48%).Based on the Samartzis classification,the proportion of patients suffered from short neck(P=0.031)and limited cervical range of motion(P=0.026)in type Ⅲ KFS was significantly higher than that in type Ⅱ and type Ⅰ KFS.Panel sequencing detected a total of 11 pathogenic missense mutations in eight patients,including COL6A1,COL6A2,CDAN1,GLI3,FLNB,CHRNG,MYH3,POR,and TNXB.There was no pathogenic mutation found in five reported pathogenic genes(GDF6,MEOX1,GDF3,MYO18B and RIPPLY2)associated with KFS.Conclusions Our study has shown that patients with multiple contiguous cervical fusions are more likely to manifest short neck,limited cervical range of motion,and clinical triad.Therefore,these patients need additional attention and follow-up.Our analysis highlights novel KFS-related genetic variants,such as COL6A and CDAN1,extending the spectrum of known mutations contributing to this syndrome and providing a basis for elucidating the pathogenesis of KFS.


Subject(s)
Cervical Vertebrae , Child , Cohort Studies , Female , Glycoproteins , Humans , Klippel-Feil Syndrome/genetics , Male , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Radiography , Transcription Factors/genetics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909579

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Only limited number of drugs are currently available for treating ischemic stroke. Therapeu?tic angiogenesis has recently emerged as one of the most promising therapies for cerebral ischemic injury. Isopropyl-β-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-α-hydroxypropanoate (IDHP) is a metabolite derived from the botanical formulation for Dantonic?. Here, we investigated the angiogenic efficacy of IDHP in cerebral ischemia. METHODS The in vivo effects of IDHP were evaluated in the C57BL/6 mouse Matrigel plug and rat transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) models. Primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMEC) were used to explore the effects of IDHP on stimulating proliferation, migration and tube formation in vitro. ELISA and Western blotting were used to quantitate the release and expression of relevant target molecules and signaling path?ways. RESULTS IDHP reduced infarct volume and improved sensorimotor function in rats subjected to tMCAO by pro?moting angiogenesis, and promoted Matrigel neovascularization in mice. Moreover, IDHP produced a biphasic modula?tion on proliferation and migration both in HUVEC and HBMEC. It also induced tube formation in a 12-day HUVEC-HDF co-culture model and in Matrigel assays. IDHP-induced angiogenesis was accompanied by increased levels of p-AMPKα (Thr172) and p-eNOS (Ser1177) both in vitro and in vivo, and the decreased level of VEGF in rat brains on day 1 whereas enhanced level of VEGF on day 3 and 7 after tMCAO. Mechanistically, AMPK knockdown or pharmacologi?cally inhibiting AMPK and its upstream kinases (CaMKKβ) inhibited the eNOS phosphorylation induced by IDHP in HUVEC. Furthermore, selective eNOS inhibitor (L-NIO), selective CaMKKβ inhibitor (STO) and AMPKa inhibitor (Com?pound C) blocked the capillary-like tube formation in the co-culture model induced by IDHP (10 nmol · L-1). CONCLU?SION Collectively, these findings showed that IDHP protected rats from cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by promot?ing angiogenesis via activating CaMKKβ/AMPK(Thr172)/eNOS(Ser1177) signaling, and suggest it to be a promising new drug candidate for the prevention and/or treatment of cerebral ischemia and other vascular occlusive diseases.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909134

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of modified Sijunzi Decoction on myelosuppression in moderate- and advanced-stage lung cancer patients with Qi and Yin deficiency and analyze the underlying mechanism. Methods:A total of 100 moderate- and advanced-stage lung cancer patients with Qi and Yin deficiency who received treatment in Lishui Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to receive chemotherapy with paclitaxel combined with cisplatin (control group, n = 50) or treatment with modified Sijunzi Decoction based on chemotherapy with paclitaxel combined with cisplatin (observation group, n = 50). Myelosuppression, traditional Chinese medicine symptom score, cellular immune function, serum levels of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, and the dosage of recombinant human granulocyte-colony stimulating factor. Results:After treatment, the incidence of leucopenia, thrombocytopenia, hemoglobinopenia and neutropenia in the observation group were 60% (30/50), 18% (9/50), 18% (9/50) and 62% (31/50), respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [90% (45/50), 30% (15/50), 32% (16/50) and 92% (46/50), χ2 = 6.979, 7.025, 6.534, 6.134, all P < 0.001]. The complete remission rate in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [30% (15/50) vs. 8% (4/50), χ2 = 9.018, P < 0.001]. The traditional Chinese medicine symptom score in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group ( t = 6.982, P < 0.05). CD 8+, CD 4+ and CD 3+ levels in the observation group were (25.16 ± 2.87)%, (38.76 ± 4.16)%, (48.83 ± 5.61)%, respectively, and they were (28. 89 ± 4.02)%, (34.10 ± 4.59)%, (41.12 ± 77)%, respectively in the control group. There were significant differences in CD 8+, CD 4+ and CD 3+ levels between the observation and control groups ( t = 6.392, 6.235, 5.983, all P < 0.05). The dosage of recombinant human granulocyte-colony stimulating factor in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [(2 567.34 ± 308.25) μg vs. (3 917.82 ± 411.67) μg, t = 11.258, P < 0.05]. Serum levels of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor were (25.53 ± 7.86) ng/L and (278.34 ± 28.74) ng/L, which were significantly higher than those in the control group [(21.30 ± 3.12) ng/L, (204.17 ± 11.98) ng/L, t = 9.136, 8.856, both P < 0.05]. Conclusion:Modified Sijunzi Decoction for the treatment of moderate- and advanced-stage lung cancer patients with Qi and Yin deficiency can decrease the incidence of myelosuppression possibly through increasing serum levels of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and improving the immune function.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921389

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study was performed to evaluate the occlusion of monetite paste on dentine tubule and provide a new potential method for treating dentine hypersensitivity.@*METHODS@#Calcium oxide, strontium chloride, and polyethylene glycol phosphate were mixed in a certain proportion and ground in a planetary ball mill. The reaction was carried out by adjusting the pH to obtain monetite and hydroxyapatite paste. The morphological characteristics of the paste were observed through scanning electron microscope (SEM). The structure and composition were analyzed through X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR). The extracted third molar was selected to undergo demineralization to establish the @*RESULTS@#XRD and FTIR showed that the composition of the paste was mainly monetite, and the composition of hydroxyapatite paste was mainly composed of hydroxyapatite. SEM revealed that the size of the crystal particles of the synthesized paste was tens to hundreds of nanometers. Monetite and hydroxyapatite paste could produce a thicker mineralization layer on the dentin surface, and the mineralization of the dentin tubules of monetite was deeper than that of hydroxyapatite paste. The microhardness of the monetite paste group was significantly less than those of the hydroxyapatite paste groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Monetite paste could effectively block the exposed dentin tubules and be used for treating dentin hypersensitivity.


Subject(s)
Calcium Phosphates , Dentin , Dentin Sensitivity , Durapatite , Humans , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 152-159, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780569

ABSTRACT

3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGR) is the first rate-limiting enzyme of terpenoid biosynthesis in the mevalonic acid pathway (MVA) pathway. It is an important regulatory site in terpenoids metabolism pathway in the cytoplasm. According to the transcriptome database of Cinnamomum camphora, two HMGRs named CcHMGR1 (GenBank: MN163055) and CcHMGR2 (GenBank: MN163056) were cloned by cDNA from C. camphora. The ORF of CcHMGR1 and CcHMGR2 is composed of 1 689 bp and 1 683 bp, respectively, encoding 562 and 560 amino acids. The bioinformatics analysis of CcHMGR1 and CcHMGR2 indicated that the molecular weight of the encoded protein is 59.819 kDa and 59.397 kDa, with a theoretically isoelectric point of 8.20 and 8.61, respectively. There are 2 transmembrane structures without signal peptide existing in the encoded amino acid of CcHMGRs. The analysis of sequence alignment and phylogenetic tree showed that theCcHMGRs belonged to the HMGR family. The camphor is divided into five chemitypes, according to the main chemical compoundsin C. camphora. The results of the real time PCR indicated that the expression level of CcHMGRs in Cineol type was higher than that in Linalool type, iso-nerolidol type, Camphor type and Borneol type. CcHMGRs expressed highest in roots and lowest in branches. In this study, the cDNA full length of CcHMGRs were cloned from C. camphora for the first time. Our results revealed that the expression level of CcHMGRs were different among five chemical types and different plant tissues, and the research provides foundation for further study of the terpenoids biosynthetic pathway in C. camphora.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 899-908, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827660

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions remains challenging; a simple strategy has been preferred as of late, but the disadvantage is ostium stenosis or even occlusion of the side branch (SB). Only a few single-center studies investigating the combination of a drug-eluting stent in the main branch followed by a drug-eluting balloon in the SB have been reported. This prospective, multicenter, randomized study aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of a paclitaxel-eluting balloon (PEB) compared with regular balloon angioplasty (BA) in the treatment of non-left main coronary artery bifurcation lesions.@*METHODS@#Between December 2014 and November 2015, a total of 222 consecutive patients with bifurcation lesions were enrolled in this study at ten Chinese centers. Patients were randomly allocated at a 1:1 ratio to a PEB group (n = 113) and a BA group (n = 109). The primary efficacy endpoint was angiographic target lesion stenosis at 9 months. Secondary efficacy and safety endpoints included target lesion revascularization, target vessel revascularization, target lesion failure, major adverse cardiac and cerebral events (MACCEs), all-cause death, cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and thrombosis in target lesions. The main analyses performed in this clinical trial included case shedding analysis, base-value equilibrium analysis, effectiveness analysis, and safety analysis. SAS version 9.4 was used for the statistical analyses.@*RESULTS@#At the 9-month angiographic follow-up, the difference in the primary efficacy endpoint of target lesion stenosis between the PEB (28.7% ± 18.7%) and BA groups (40.0% ± 19.0%) was -11.3% (95% confidence interval: -16.3% to -6.3%, Psuperiority <0.0001) in the intention-to-treat analysis, and similar results were recorded in the per-protocol analysis, demonstrating the superiority of PEB to BA. Late lumen loss was significantly lower in the PEB group than in the BA group (-0.06 ± 0.32 vs. 0.18 ± 0.34 mm, P < 0.0001). For intention-to-treat, there were no significant differences between PEB and BA in the 9-month percentages of MACCEs (0.9% vs. 3.7%, P = 0.16) or non-fatal myocardial infarctions (0 vs. 0.9%, P = 0.49). There were no clinical events of target lesion revascularization, target vessel revascularization, target lesion failure, all-cause death, cardiac death or target lesion thrombosis in either group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In de novo non-left main coronary artery bifurcations treated with provisional T stenting, SB dilation with the PEB group demonstrated better angiographic results than treatment with regular BA at the 9-month follow-up in terms of reduced target lesion stenosis.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02325817; https://clinicaltrials.gov.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873366

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of post stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI). Method:Seven databases, including CNKI, WanFang, VIP, CBM, PubMed, The Cochrane library and ClinicalTrials.gov, were electronically searched for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of TCM in the treatment of PSCI. The Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool was used to evaluate the methodological quality of the included studies, descriptive analysis was carried out on the included studies, and the Meta quantitative analysis was carried out with RevMan 5.3 software. Result:A total of 16 RCTs were included with 1 296 participants, and they were assigned to the intervention group (n=649) and the control group (n=647). The results showed that TCM combined with western medicine group and TCM group were better than western medicine group in improving the scores of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE), Barthel Index (BI), Activity of Daily Living (ADL), Chinese stroke scale (CSS) and National Institutes of Health stroke scale (NIHSS) of PSCI patients, and no serious adverse events were observed. Conclusion:TCM has potential advantages in improving the cognitive function of patients with PSCI, and it also has certain efficacy in improving the daily living ability and neurological impairment symptoms, and no serious adverse events have been observed. Due to the low quality of methodology included in the studies, in order to provide reliable basis for clinical decision-making, high-quality of RCTs are still needed to study the efficacy and safety of TCM for PSCI.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869161

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the image quality (IQ) of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT imaging and identify its influenfial factors in diabetes mellitus (DM) and non-DM patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods:A total of 196 consecutive CAD patients (174 males, 22 females, 68 DM; age: (57±10) years) in Beijing Anzhen Hospital between June 2016 and February 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent 18F-FDG myocardial PET/CT imaging. The standardized fasting+ oral glucose loading (OGL) and intravenously injection of insulin protocol was performed. According to the FDG uptake by myocardium, background activity in blood and other visceral organ nearby the heart, the IQ was visually evaluated and scored by 0-4. Zero-two was considered as good IQ, 3-4 was regarded as poor IQ. Patients were divided into three groups: group 1 (non-DM+ good IQ), group 2 (DM+ good IQ), group 3 (DM+ poor IQ). Factors which may affect IQ were analyzed, which including OGL, the injection dose of insulin, fasting blood glucose (FBG), peak blood glucose (PBG), blood glucose (BG) level at 18F-FDG injection (BG injnection), BG increasing rate ((PBG-FBG)/FBG, %), and BG decreasing rate ((PBG-BG injection)/PBG, %). One-way analysis of variance, Spearman correlation analysis and logistic regression analysis were used for data analysis. Results:There were significant differences ( F values: 13.074-38.371, all P<0.05) of FBG, PBG, OGL, BG decreasing rate and the injection dose of insulin among group 1 ( n=132, 67.3%), group 2 ( n=53, 27.1%), group 3 ( n=11, 5.6%). All those parameters, except for OGL, were positively correlated with FDG PET/CT IQ ( r s values: 0.142-0.262, all P<0.05). OGL was negatively correlated with IQ ( r s=-0.324, P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that FBG (odds ratio ( OR)=0.687, 95% CI: 0.633-0.746), PBG( OR=0.786, 95% CI: 0.746~0.829), BG injection( OR=0.631, 95% CI: 0.595-0.716), OGL( OR=0.897, 95% CI: 0.873-0.922), the injection dose of insulin( OR=0.680, 95% CI: 0.618-0.748) were predictive factors (all P<0.01) for good IQ in all patients. For DM patients, OGL was the only predictive factor for good IQ( OR =0.940, 95% CI: 0.904-0.960; P<0.01). Conclusions:FBG, PBG, BG injection, OGL, the injection dose of insulin can predict IQ for all patients with CAD. For DM patients with CAD, OGL is the only predictive factor for good IQ. A good IQ of 18F-FDG PET/CT could be obtained in majority of CAD patients, with the standardized fasting + OGL and intravenously injection of insulin protocol and adjust according to the personal status, and prevent the hypoglycemia from happening.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 310-313, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868285

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the high resolution CT (HRCT) features of COVID-19 in children.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the chest HRCT findings of 22 children who were diagnosed as COVID-19 by clinical and nucleic acid testing in Wuhan Children's Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 25 to February 5, 2020. There were 12 boys and 10 girls, aged from 2 months to 14 years old, with a median age of 4 years, and 14 patients were under 5 years old. The characteristics of lung lesions on HRCT such as distribution, shape, density and so on and whether there were hilar and mediastinal lymph node enlargement and pleural changes were evaluated by 2 radiologists.Results:In all of the 22 patients, the chest CT manifestations were normal in 3 patients (3/22) , meanwhile the lung involvement of the lesion was found in 19 patients (19/22). Among them, 7 patients had unilateral lung involvement, and 12 patients had bilateral involvement. The HRCT manifestations were as follows. The HRCT showed the ground glass opacity (GGO) in 6 patients, including 4 cases with light opacity and 2 with typical crazy paving sign. Four patients had lung consolidation, with local fibrous stripes and patchy hyperdensity. Six patients had mixed GGO, including 1 case with right white lung. The bronchopneumonia-like changes were seen in 3 cases with scattered spot-like or mixed patchy. The lesions in the lower lobe were more serious than those in the upper lobe, and the lesions in the lateroposterior zone of the lung were more common than those in the apical and central area of the lung. No enlarged lymph nodes and pleural effusion were seen in all patients, but 1 case had thickened interlobar pleura.Conclusions:The HRCT manifestations of COVID-19 in children are varied, and the comprehensive assessment need to be made in combination with epidemiological data, clinical manifestations and laboratory tests. However, the chest HRCT plays an important role in early diagnosis, prevention and management of COVID-19.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL