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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906430

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of Yishen Tongluofang in treating oligosperm type male infertility with kidney deficiency and blood stasis syndrome and explore its effect on serum sex hormones and seminal plasma microenviro. Method:One hundred and four patients were randomly divided into observation group and control group with 52 cases each. Patients in control group took compound Xuanju capsules orally, 3 capsules/time, 3 times/day. Patients in observation group took Yishen Tongluofang, 1 dose/day. Treatment courses continued three months and followed up for three months in both groups. The pregnancy situations of spouses within six months were recorded. Examination of semen parameters before and after treatment and score of kidney deficiency and blood stasis syndrome were conducted. The levels of seminal plasma zinc, fructose, elastase, acid phosphatase and <italic>α</italic>-glucosidase, serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), prolactin (PRT) and testosterone (T) were detected before and after treatment. Result:During the observation period of six months, the pregnancy rate of spouses in the observation group was 22.00%, higher than 10.00% in the control group, but the difference was not statistically significant (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=2.678,<italic>P</italic>>0.05). The clinical efficacy in the observation group was better than that of the control group (<italic>Z</italic>=2.326,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Sperm concentration, sperm motility, sperm motility, normal morphological sperm and linear movement speed of the observation group were all superior to those of the control group<italic> </italic>(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The levels of zinc and fructose in seminal plasma of the observation group were higher than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the score of kidney deficiency and blood stasis syndrome was lower than that of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Serum FSH, LH and PRT levels in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the T level was higher than that in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The seminal plasma elastase of the observation group was lower than that of the control group, while the levels of acid phosphatase and <italic>α</italic>-glucosidase were higher than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Yishen Tongluofang can significantly improve sperm parameters, regulate the level of sex hormones and seminal plasma environment in patients with oligosperm type male infertility, and improve the tendency of spouse pregnancy. Its clinical efficacy is better,so it is worthy of further research and application.

2.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 61: e18160475, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-951504

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT In a pot experiment, clonal ramets of Cynodon dactylon, a stolon herbaceous plant, were treated with heterogeneous lighting. Proximal ramets (elder ramets) were subjected to shade stress at three different degrees, and stolons between proximal and distal ramets of each pair were treated in a connected or severed manner. Results showed that in moderate shade stress, the number of ramets and leaves, biomass, net photosynthetic rate (Pn), maximum quantum yield (Fv/Fm), effective quantum yield of PSII (ФPSII), and soil and plant analysis development values (SPAD) of proximal ramets were significantly reduced, regardless of whether stolons were kept intact or severed. However, the growth of distal ramets was not significantly influenced, and keeping the stolons intact also did not bring apparent benefits for the whole clonal fragments. These results show that clonal integration does not help alleviate the shade stress suffered by proximal ramets and the costs of distal ramets and does not significantly influence the whole clonal fragments. The possible reasons are that distal ramets may be at the cost of metabolism for resource transportation when the proximal ramets suffer from shade stress; thus, clonal integration is not favorable.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-838447

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the risk factors and to develop the management methods of massive perihepatic blood accumulation after liver transplantation. MethocSs Clinical data of 117 patients, who received performed ortho topic liver transplantation in the Department of Biliary Tract Surgery (I) of Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital of Second Military Medical University from Mar. 2004 to Apr. 2007, were retrospectively studied to analyze the mdependent risk factors associated with the occurrence of massive perihepatic blood accumulation by univariate analysis andmultivariate analysis, and to summarize the corresponding treatment methods. Results Twelve of 117 cases died ln the perioperative period, and 105 caseswere lncluded in this study. Among 105 cases, 9 (8. 57%) had postoperative massive perihepatic blood accumulation accompanied by aggravated yellowing of the skin and sclera, elevated whole blood leukocyte count and neutrophil proportion in a short period of time, and impaired liver function. Univariate analysis showed the massive perihepatic blood accumulation was associated with a history of upper abdominal surgery (P=0. 001), pre-operative hemoglobin (P= 0. 031), pre-operative leukocyte count (P= 0. 001), pre-operative platelet count (P<0. 001) and post-operative bile leakage (P=0.001); Multivariate analysis showed a history of upper abdominal surgery (P=0. 008, 0R=15. 000) and post-operative bile leakage (P=0. 034, OR=20. 770) were independent risk factors for massive perihepatic blood accumulation. Conclusion The main methods to prevent massive perihepatic blood accumulation include knowing the history of upper abdominal surgery m patients, strictly protecting the blood supply of bile duct, accurate anastomosis and preventing bile leakage. Puncture or removal of hematocele timely is effective for massive perihepatic blood accumulation.

4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1071-1078, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246814

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the relationship between surface markers of CD56 and CD19 and karyotypes and prognosis in multiple myeloma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 126 cases of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma in the first hospital of Peking university from 2011 to 2015 were enrolled in this study. Cytogenetic abnormalities and immunophenotypes were detected by using fluorescence in situ hybridization and flow cytometry respectively before chemotherapy. Bone marrow smear was used for detection of abnormal plasma cell infiltration. By combining with their basic data, the relationship between immunophenotypes, cytogenetics and prognosis of MM was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The median of myeloma cells in the 126 patients was 0.24(0.01-0.97); the median of myeloma cells in 116 patients who have immunophenotype datas was 0.25(0.01-0.97); the median of myeloma cells in CD19 positive patients was 0.11(0.01-0.53); the median of myeloma cells in CD19 negative patients was 0.26(0.01-0.97). The median of myeloma cells in CD19 positive patients was much lower than that in CD19 negative patients(P=0.036). (2)In 116 patients detected by the immunophenotype, the myeloma cells expressed CD19,CD20,CD56 and CD117. Compared with CD56 negative patients(45/116,38.79%),CD56 positive patients(71/116,61.21%) had a clearly favorable disease outcome(OS was 53.0 month vs 31.0 month,P=0.016; PFS was 37.5 months vs 18.4 months, P=0.036). (3)CD19 positive patients was 16.38%(19/116),CD19 negative patients was 83.62%(97/116); CD19 positive MM and CD19 negative MM had no difference in OS and PFS. (4)CD117 positive rate in CD19 positive patients was 42.11%(8/19), the CD117 positive rate in CD19 negative patients was 18.57%(18/97), the CD19 expression positively correlated with CD117 expression. (5)FISH detection was done for 67 newly diagnosed MM patients, 8 patients showed normal karyotypes(11.94%), 59 patients had abnormal karyotypes(88.06%). The most common abnormal karyotypes were IgH rearragement which occurred in 47 patients(70.15%). Other abnormal karyotypes included 1q21+, del(13q14),del(13q14.3),del(17p13) . These abnormal karyotypes occurred in 37 patients(55.22%),31 patients(46.27%),33 patients(49.25%) and 13 patients(19.40%) respectively. In comparison with CD19 negative MM patients, the incidence rate of 1q21+ and del(13q14.3) was significantly lower in CD19 positive patients(1q21+:33.33% vs 61.54%,P=0.016; del(13q14.3): 33.33% vs 53.85%,P=0.043).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The prognosis of CD56 positive MM patients is better than that of CD56 negative MM patients, CD19 negative MM has more abnormal karyotypes and bone marrow infiltration,but they have no statistical prognostic differences.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosome Deletion , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunophenotyping , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis
5.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 400-404, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478481

ABSTRACT

This article introduces the genes related to pathogenesis and prognosis of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) and the current situation of MPN domestic and overseas,which have been reported in the 56th ASH annual meeting.It is emphasized on essential evaluation of the risk score using IPSET in ET,Tefferi in PV and DIPSS-plus in PMF separately.It has assessed advancements in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation,phlebotomy,cytoreductive therapy and drug therapy.The article pays more attention to aspirin,anagrelide,JAK2 targeted agent ruxolitinib and thalidomide which is domestically used in the treatment of PMF.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269993

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the epidemic status of Hepatitis B in children aged 1-14 in 3 counties of Guangdong province in 2013, and to evaluate the effect of hepatitis control in children aged 1-14 after hepatitis B vaccine was integrated into the national immunization program in 2002 and catch-up vaccination was conducted from 2009 to 2011.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A multi-stage stratified random sampling was designed to survey 1 621 children aged 1-14 in rural area of Nanxiong county, Haifeng county and Xinxing county by questionnaires including general information, medical history and risk factors. The samples were tested with chemiluminescence method to detect hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (HBsAg), antibody to HbsAg (anti-HBs) and antibody to HBV core antigen (anti-HBc). Chi-square test was used to compare the positive rate of HBV serum markers in different age groups, vaccine histories, birth weight and HBV infection status of mother.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the children aged 1-14 in 3 counties rural regions of Guangdong province, the positive rate of HBsAg, anti-HBs, and anti-HBc was 1.11% (18/1 621), 60.69% (982/1 618) and 1.92% (31/1 617), respectively. The HBsAg positive rate of vaccinated children (0.84%, 13/1 547) was lower than that of unvaccinated children (1/13) or children with unknown vaccination status (6.56%, 4/61) (χ² = 22.64, P < 0.001). The HBsAg positive rate (0.45%, 5/1 118) of the children with birth-dose given within 24 hours was lower than those that of children given beyond 24 hours (2.63%, 61/190) (χ² = 10.21, P < 0.001). The HBsAg positive rate (5/18) of children with birth weight under 2 kilogram was higher than that of children with birth weight above 2 kilogram (0.78%, 12/1 548) (χ² = 120.8, P < 0.001). The HBsAg positive rate of children born to HBsAg-positive mothers (2.80%, 3/107) was higher than that of children born to HBsAg-negative mothers (0.21%, 1/470) (χ² = 8.50, P = 0.004). With the age increasing, the coverage and timely birth-dose coverage of Hepatitis B vaccine (HepB) decreased, and the positive rate of anti-HBs gradually decreased.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>After the catch-up vaccination was conducted in unvaccinated children aged 1-14 years from 2009 to 2011, the HBsAg and anti-HBc positive rate decreased, while the anti-HBs positive rate increased significantly.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Birth Weight , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Hepatitis B , Epidemiology , Hepatitis B Antibodies , Blood , Hepatitis B Core Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B Vaccines , Humans , Immunization Programs , Infant , Risk Factors , Rural Population , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
7.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 249-252,262, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792287

ABSTRACT

Objective To know the status of the unhealthy behavior of adolescent in Kaihua County.Methods Multi -stage cluster sampling survey was carried out and 741 middle school students in 17 classes from 10 schools were selected. The survey was conducted by using a self-reported questionnaire.Results Middle school students who felt good health status accounted for 46.96%,while students who had the suicide ideation accounted for 15.38% and who had suicide behavior accounted for 2.29%.34.55% students had smoking behavior.Students who had never eaten breakfast were accounted to 9.45%,and who had never drink milk were accounted to 46.15%.50.88% and 60.32% students had the behavior of washing hands before eating and after using the toilet respectively.Students who had the behavior of brushing teeth were accounted to 88.08%.Students who had never participated physical activity that was longer than 60 minutes were accounted to 5.24%,and playing games and chatting were the two major internet activities.The awareness rate of AIDS knowledge was 59.32%.The rates of behavior of school violence and stolen was 8.91% and 18.08% respectively. Sex behavior was 3.37%.Conclusion There are smoking,playing online games,campus violence,poor hygiene and other bad behavior in some middle school students.

8.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 599-603, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350853

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the expressions of cystathionine-beta-synthase (CBS) and cystathionine-gamma-lyase (CSE) in the corpus cavernosum smooth muscle of castrated rats and their roles in erectile dysfunction after castration.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We randomly assigned 40 eight-week-old male SD rats to groups A (2-week sham-operation), B (4-week sham-operation), C (2-week castration) and D (4-week castration). We determined the level of serum testosterone (T) and the expressions of CBS and CSE in the corpus cavernosum smooth muscle of the rats after operation using immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The T level was significantly decreased in groups C ([11.85 +/- 6.73] nmol/L) and D ([1.96 +/- 1.23] nmol/L) as compared with A ([89.65 +/- 17.13] nmol/L) and B ([106.75 +/- 19.68] nmol/L) (P < 0.05). CBS and CSE were expressed in all groups of rats, but the relative expressions of CBS and CSE mRNA were significantly lower in groups C (0.93 +/- 0.14 and 0.87 +/- 0.20) and D (0.79 +/- 0.17 and 0.71 +/- 0.12) than in A (2.13 +/- 0.65 and 1.93 +/- 0.15) and B (2.07 +/- 0.53 and 1.89 +/- 0.45) (P < 0. 05), so were the optical density values (IA) of the CBS and CSE proteins, 130.35 +/- 23.56 and 93.56 +/- 36.64 in group C and 80.29 +/- 29.65 and 58.56 +/- 19.95 in group D, as compared with 310.57 +/- 130.56 and 269.56 +/- 116.76 in group A and 349.68 +/-112.35 and 298.35 +/- 100.76 in group B (P < 0.05). The androgen level was positively correlated with the expressions of CBS and CSE in the corpus cavernosum smooth muscle of the rats.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Androgen regulates erectile function via the expressions of CBS and CSE.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cystathionine beta-Synthase , Metabolism , Cystathionine gamma-Lyase , Metabolism , Male , Muscle, Smooth , Orchiectomy , Penis , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Testosterone , Blood
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418074

ABSTRACT

Objective To survey the distribution of TCM constitution of Guangxi adults.Methods Identification questionnaire of constitution in TCM was performed to identify the TCM constitution types of 3000 adults who were taken medical examination in the first affiliation hospital to GuangXi TCM university Health Administration Center or of permanent residence in Nanning,Wuming,Qinzhou,Hezhou.Results 612 cases (20.4%) had constitution of phlegm-dampness in 504 cases (16.8%) had constitution of phlegm-dampness,431 cases (14.3%) had constitution of yang asthenia,422 cases (14.1%) had constitution of qi asthenia,353 cases (11.8%) had constitution of damp-heat,348 cases (11.6%) had constitution of yin asthenia,159 cases (5.3%) had constitution of qi stagnation,100 cases (3.3%) had constitution of blood stasis,and 71 cases (2.4%) had allergic constitution.Conclusion There were 9 kinds constitutions in the adults of GuangXi province.The constitution of yin-yang harmony was the most among all.Most male had phlegm-dampness or damp-heat constitution.Most female had yang asthenia,qi asthenia,qi stagnation or yin asthenia constitution.

10.
Tumor ; (12): 961-963, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849160

ABSTRACT

Chemokine is a kind of cytokine that induces cell transport to inflammation sites. It plays an important role in controlling the differentiation, development and directed migration of immunocytes. CCL20 is one of the important members of chemokine family, and it belongs to CC subfamily. Its receptor is CCR6. CCL20 can be expressed in activated monocytes, T lymphocytes, dendritic cells and endothelial cells, and CCR6 can be expressed in liver, lung, and lymphoid tissues. The expression of CCL20 can be induced by tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), interleukin 1β (IL-1β), IL-17, CD40 ligand and interferon γ (IFN-gamma;). In summary, CCL20 plays an important role in tumor growth, invasion and metastasis (mainly refers to intrahepatic metastasis). Copyright© 2011 by TUMOR.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 988-991, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341018

ABSTRACT

Objective To confirm the effect of cigarette smoking on β-cell function, and further investigate the mediation effect of abdominal obesity. Methods Participants would include 1440 Chinese smokers who had participated in a community-based chronic disease screening project in Guangzhou and Zhuhai from 2006 to 2007. They were interviewed with structured questionnaire on their socio-demographic status and smoking behaviors. Waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and fasting serum C-peptide concentration were also measured. Results After adjustment for the potential confounding factors, when compared with smokers with consumption 1-10 cigarettes/day, smokers with consumption of 11-20 cigarettes/day (adjusted OR=1.53, 95%CI: 1.22-1.90) or >20 cigarettes/day (adjusted OR=1.92, 95%CI: 1.32-2.79) had significant higher risks to get C-peptide concentration larger than its median. Furthermore, 37.54% of the effect of cigarette smoking on C-peptide concentration was partially mediated by abdominal obesity. Conclusion Cigarette smoking might be a risk factor for β-cell dysfunction and abdominal obesity.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392647

ABSTRACT

Objective In order to know the influence factors about treatment compliance among patients with type 2 diabetes,and then offer certain positive reference for health education and prevention.Methods Selected 504 patients with type 2 diabetes among 4 hospitals in Guangzhou,interviewed them by self-designed questionnaire.The interview contents included patients' basic socio-demographic characteristics,treatment compliance,diabetes knowledge,social supprot and self-efficacy,and then analyzed the datum about the interview.Results After adjusting for gender,disease course,patients' type,education level,and incoming level,multiple linear regression analysis indicated that drug treatment compliance was positively associated with age,subjective social support,objective social support and degree of support utilization.Lifestyle was positively associated with age,objective social support and degree of support utilization.Conclusions There are several factors associated with the treatment compliance of patients with type 2 diabetes,enhance paitents' self-efficacy and carry out health education are the keys to promote their treatment compliance.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298481

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the therapeutic efficacy and elucidate the probable pharmacological mechanism of Zhizhuwan (ZZ), a known formula for GI/Dysmotility and constipation in Traditional Chinese medicine, in managing constipating diabetes mellitus (DM).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Subjects, composed of both males and females, ranged from 55 to 76 years of age, and had constipating DM. Subjects with severe colon, rectum, heart, renal, or hepatic disease, obesity and those on medications known to alter gastrointestinal motility were excluded. 28 healthy subjects were also recruited. The study group (n = 28) received 90 g per day of ZZ and the control group (n = 28) received 30 mg per day of cisapride for a 1 month period. Conservative therapy was similar in both groups and administered by a person blinded to randomization code. Patients were assessed pre-treatment and post-treatment by a blinded interviewer. A constipation visual analogue scale (CVAS) was constructed to evaluate the patients' constipation status. To analyze neuropeptides motilin (MTL), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), substance P (SP) levels in plasma, a radioimmunoassay technique was adopted. Data were analyzed for treatment effects using the "t" test.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Base line characteristics were similar in both treatment groups. There were significant effects on symptom relief, increases in serum SP level, and decreases in VIP level in both groups (P < 0.05). ZZ was significantly more effective than cisapride in ameliorating patients' subjective symptoms of defecating and stool frequency, and increasing serum SP level (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ZZ is beneficial in constipating DM via increasing SP levels and decreasing VIP levels of serum.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Constipation , Blood , Drug Therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Blood , Drug Therapy , Gastrointestinal Hormones , Blood , Gastrointestinal Motility , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Substance P , Blood
14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 362-365, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232302

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the determinants of 'signing a agreement for establishing smoke-free homes' among the parents of secondary school students.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>2019 parents were surveyed with self-administered questionnaires on their socio-demographic characteristics, smoking behaviors, attitude toward tobacco control at home and related data of their children. At the same time, parents were asked to sign an agreement for making the 'home as smoking-free'. 'Parents signing the agreement' was defined as dependent variable (0=no, 1=yes), and parent's age, gender, educational level, etc. were defined as independent ones. Multi-variant logistic regression analysis was conducted for identifying the determinants of the parents to sign an agreement for establishing 'smoking-free homes'.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 2019 surveyed parents, 1047 (51.86%) had signed the agreement including 49.25% of the fathers and 55.73% of the mothers. The results from multi-variant logistic regression analysis indicated that father's 'signing action' was significantly associated with (a) their intention of carrying out the agreements (OR = 3.37), (b) to teach their children about the consequence between smoking and health (OR = 2.10), (c) knowing tobacco control program at school (OR = 1.38), (d) reading tobacco control material provided by school (OR = 1.38), (e) being current smoker (OR = 0.53) compare to that the mother's 'signing action' was significantly associated to (a) intention to carrying out agreements (OR = 2.36), (b) teaching children not to smoke (OR = 2.22), (c) reading tobacco control material provided by school (OR = 1.57).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Changing parental cognition and attitude toward smoking was beneficial to promote parental participation in tobacco control campaign and to establish 'smoking-free homes'.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Data Collection , Female , Housing , Humans , Male , Parents , Smoking , Tobacco Smoke Pollution
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