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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 193-200, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964306

ABSTRACT

In this study, a high-performance liquid chromatography method was established to simultaneously determine three flavonoids including hesperidin (HES), nobiletin (NOB) and tangeretin (TAN) in 10 batches of Citrus reticulata 'Chachi' planted and collected in Xinhui District, Jiangmen City, Guangdong Province. Moreover, we studied the metabolism and transformation of three flavonoids in liver and intestinal flora in vitro, and sequenced 16S rRNA of bacteria flora samples after incubation. The RP-HPLC system consisted of Alltima C18 column (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) and a mobile phase of water (A) - methanol (B). The column temperature was 25 ℃ and the detection wavelength was both 283 nm and 330 nm while the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1. The results showed that the retention time of HES, NOB and TAN ranged from 12.313 min to 34.271 min. The content of HES, NOB and TAN in 10 batches of Citrus reticulata 'Chachi' was 26.81-39.80 mg·g-1, 4.06-7.90 mg·g-1 and 1.81-3.93 mg·g-1, respectively. There were differences in the content of flavonoids in different batches and growing areas. The three flavonoids were metabolized in various degrees after incubation of rat and human liver S9, cytosol, microsomes or intestinal flora in vitro, especially HES. The results of 16S rRNA showed that the main flavonoids of Citrus reticulata 'Chachi' could regulate lipid metabolism by regulating intestinal flora related to energy metabolism. This study established a rapid, simple, reproducible and stable quantitative analysis method for detecting the main flavonoids in Citrus reticulata 'Chachi' which evaluated the content of flavonoids from Citrus reticulata 'Chachi' in different growing areas and different storage periods. The intestinal bacteria can metabolize and transform the flavonoids of Citrus reticulata 'Chachi' to varying degrees, which provides a valuable scientific basis for the subsequent study on the material basis of the efficacy of Citrus reticulata 'Chachi' from the perspective of metabolism. Animal experiments were approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of Guangdong Jiangmen Chinese Medicine College (No. 20190419).

2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 446-449, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935235

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the indications, safety, feasibility, and surgical technique for patients with head and neck cancers undergoing transoral robotic retropharyngeal lymph node (RPLN) dissection. Methods: The current study enrolled 12 consecutive head and neck cancer patients (seven males and four females) who underwent transoral robotic RPLN dissection with the da Vinci surgical robotic system at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from May 2019 to July 2020. Seven patients were diagnosed as nasopharyngeal carcinoma with RPLN metastasis after initial treatments, 4 patients were diagnosed as thyroid carcinoma with RPLN metastasis after initial treatments, and one patient was diagnosed as oropharyngeal carcinoma with RPLN metastasis before initial treatments. The operation procedure and duration time, intraoperative blood loss volume and complications, nasogastric feeding tube dependence, tracheostomy dependence, postoperative complications, and hospitalization time were recorded and analyzed. Results: All patients were successfully treated by transoral robotic dissection of the metastatic RPLNs, none of which was converted to open surgery. RPLNs were completely resected in 10 patients, and partly resected in 2 patients (both were nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients). The mean number of RPLN dissected was 1.7. The operation duration time and intraoperative blood loss volume were (191.3±101.1) min and (150.0±86.6) ml, respectively. There was no severe intraoperative complication such as massive haemorrhage or adjacent organ injury during surgery. Nasogastric tube use was required in all patients with (17.1±10.6) days of dependence, while tracheotomy was performed in 8 patients with (11.6±10.7) days of dependence. The postoperative hospitalization stay was (8.5±5.7) days. Postoperative complications occurred in 4 patients, including 2 of retropharyngeal incision and 2 of dysphagia. During a follow-up of (6.5±5.1) months, disease-free progression was observed in all patients, 10 patients were disease-free survival and other 2 patients were survival with tumor burden. Conclusions: The transoral robotic RPLN dissection is safety and feasible. Compared with the traditional open surgical approach, it is less traumatic and safer, has fewer complications and good clinical application potentiality. The indications for transoral robotic RPLN dissection include thyroid carcinoma, oropharyngeal carcinoma, and some selected nasopharyngeal carcinoma and other head and neck cancers. Metastatic RPLNs from some nasopharyngeal carcinoma with incomplete capsule, unclear border and adhesion to the surrounding vessels are not suitable for transoral robotic RPLN dissection.


Subject(s)
Blood Loss, Surgical , Female , Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology , Humans , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Male , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/pathology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Neck Dissection/methods , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940732

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the clinical efficacy of dapagliflozin combined with Shexiang Baoxinwan (SXBXW) in the treatment of acute heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and syndrome of Qi deficiency and blood stasis. MethodA total of 176 patients hospitalized due to acute HFrEF (syndrome of Qi deficiency and blood stasis) were selected and randomized into control group, SXBXW group, dapagliflozin group, and SXBXW + dapagliflozin group (the latter three groups were called the intervention groups). The New York Heart Association (NYHA) class, 6-minute walk test (6MWT) score, Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) score, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) of the patients were evaluated and measured at the time of admission, 1 week after treatment, and 2 weeks of treatment. Furthermore, the hospital stay, in-hospital mortality, and 30-day re-admission rate were recorded. Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy of each group. ResultAfter 1 week of treatment, the SXBXW group exhibited superior NYHA class, KCCQ score, TCM syndrome score and curative effect, IL-6, and hs-CRP to the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). After 2 weeks of treatment, the SXBXW group showed superior TCM syndrome score, TCM curative effect, and hs-CRP (P<0.05, P<0.01) to the control group. The dapagliflozin group was superior to the control group in terms of TCM syndrome score, NT-proBNP, and sST2 (P<0.05, P<0.01) after 1 week of treatment and in terms of NYHA class, KCCQ score, NT-proBNP, sST2, and hospital stay (P<0.05, P<0.01) after 2 weeks of treatment. The SXBXW + dapagliflozin group exhibited better efficacy than the control group in terms of NYHA class, 6MWT score, KCCQ score, TCM syndrome score and curative effect, NT-proBNP, sST2, IL-6, and hs-CRP (P=0.014) after 1 week of treatment and in terms of NYHA class, KCCQ score, TCM syndrome score and curative effect, NT-proBNP, sST2, IL-6, hs-CRP, and hospital stay (P<0.01) after 2 weeks of treatment. ConclusionSXBXW and dapagliflozin have good therapeutic effect on acute HFrEF and syndrome of Qi deficiency and blood stasis, and their combination demonstrated better therapeutic effect, with good safety and tolerability.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2101-2107, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936574

ABSTRACT

This manuscript aims to investigate the effects of resibufogenin on the proliferation, migration and invasion of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells and its related mechanisms. MTT assay was used to determine the inhibitory effect of resibufogenin on the growth of four hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro. Wound-healing assay and Transwell assay were used to evaluate the migration and invasion ability of resibufogenin on MHCC-97H cells. Western blot assay was used to detect the expression of migration and invasion related proteins in MHCC-97H cells treated with different concentrations of resibufogenin. The results showed that resibufogenin significantly inhibited the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro. The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values on MHCC-97H, HepG2, SK-Hep-1 and Huh-7 cells were 0.55 ± 0.06, 2.83 ± 0.24, 5.25 ± 0.49, 14.89 ± 2.28 μmol·L-1, respectively. Resibufogenin also suppressed the migration and invasion of MHCC-97H cells in a concentration-dependent manner. The protein expression of integrin α2, integrin α6, integrin β1, N-cadherin, matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) and transcription factor Twist in MHCC-97H cells were decreased significantly with the increase of the concentration of resibufogenin, while the protein expression of E-cadherin increased. In addition, we found that p-PI3K/PI3K and p-AKT/AKT ratios were significantly reduced after treatment with resibufogenin. In conclusion, resibufogenin can inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma MHCC-97H cells in vitro, which is related to the regulation of intracellular migration and invasion protein expression and PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 285-289, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935939

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the diagnostic value of immediate color Doppler ultrasonography on traumatic hepatic hemorrhage after tissue sampling with ultrasound-guided liver biopsy and the clinical effect of its-directed local compression hemostasis at puncture-site. Methods: 132 hospitalized patients with various liver diseases underwent ultrasound-guided hepatic puncture-biopsies, including 61 cases with diffuse parenchymal and 71 cases with focal liver lesions. Immediate postoperative color Doppler ultrasonography was performed following liver biopsy. Abnormal blood flow signal was observed at hepatic puncture biopsy site, and if there were hemorrhagic signals, ultrasound-directed local compression hemostasis was performed until the bleeding signal disappeared. F-test and Chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. Results: Immediate color Doppler ultrasonography showed traumatic hemorrhage in 36.1% (22/61) and 40.8% (29/71) cases of diffuse liver disease and focal liver disease group, respectively. All hemorrhagic signals were eventually disappeared after ultrasound-directed local compression hemostasis. The median hemostasis time was 2 min in both groups, and there was no statistically significant difference in bleeding rate and hemostasis time between the two groups (P>0.05). There were no serious complications and deaths. Conclusion: Traumatic hepatic hemorrhage along the needle puncture tract is a common accompanying condition during liver biopsy. Immediate postoperative color Doppler ultrasonography can trace bleeding signals in timely manner and direct effective compression hemostasis, so it should be used routinely to help avoid occurrence of severe hemorrhagic complications.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Hemorrhage/etiology , Hemostasis/physiology , Humans , Liver/pathology , Liver Diseases/pathology , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/adverse effects
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927629

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to examine the associations of daytime napping with incident risks of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and hypertension (HTN).@*METHODS@#Data for napping and CVD outcomes in 25 provinces were collected from baseline (2010) and three waves of follow-up (2012-2017) investigations of the China Family Panel Studies. Cox frailty models with random intercepts for the surveyed provinces were used to assess the longitudinal effects of daytime napping on CVD and HTN.@*RESULTS@#Compared with non-nappers, 30+ min nappers had higher risks of CVD and HTN, while no significant associations were observed among < 30 min nappers. Incident risks among 30- to < 60-min nappers increased by 22% [hazard ratio (HR) 1.22, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.08-1.39] for CVD and 21% (1.21, 1.04-1.41) for HTN, respectively, with corresponding HRs of CVD and HTN of 1.27 (1.09-1.47) and 1.38 (1.16-1.65) among ≥ 60 min nappers. Nap-associated CVD risks varied by subgroups, with stronger associations in participants with lower body mass index (< 24 kg/m 2), physically inactive persons, smokers, and participants with longer nighttime sleep (≥ 7 h/night). Significant effects of daytime napping were observed on rural and northern residents only, highlighting great regional variations in CVD risks associated with napping habits.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This cohort study revealed strong evidence that long daytime napping (≥ 30 min) is associated with an increased incidence of cardiovascular events.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Hypertension/etiology , Incidence , Longitudinal Studies , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Sleep/physiology , Time Factors
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953843

ABSTRACT

Objective To perform an epidemiological investigation on a case with visceral leishmaniasis in Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, and to identify the source of infection, so as to illustrate the transmission chain and assess the risk of local leishmaniasis transmission. Methods The medical data were collected from a case with visceral leishmaniasis in Zhengzhou City, and the patient’s bone marrow smears were detected by microscopy. Serum anti-Leishmania antibody test and PCR assay were performed among high-risk residents and all dogs in the village where the patient lived. Sandflies were captured using light traps and artificial traps, and the captured female Phlebotomus chinensis was subjected to PCR assay. The internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) gene was amplified with a nested PCR assay using the genomic DNA extracted from visceral leishmaniasis patients, positive dogs and sandflies, and the sequences were aligned with those download from NCBI. In addition, a phylogenetic tree was created based on the ITS1 gene. Results The visceral leishmaniasis patient had recurrent irregular fever, reduced complete blood counts, low hemoglobin, and a large number of Leishmania amastigotes in bone marrow smears, and was therefore diagnosed as visceral leishmaniasis. Both rk39 rapid diagnostic test and PCR assay tested negative among 324 residents living neighboring the patient’s residence, while 21.39% (43/201) dogs were positive for rk39 rapid diagnostic test and 13.93% (28/201) positive for PCR assay. There were 17 female Ph. chinensis tested positive for Leishmania (0.82%) by PCR assay, and the ITS gene sequences from visceral leishmaniasis patients, positive dogs and sandflies shared a 100% homology with L. infantum. The Leishmania species was therefore characterized as L. infantum. Conclusions L. infantum infection occurs in visceral leishmaniasis patients, dogs and sandflies in Zhengzhou City, indicating a complete transmission chain and a high transmission risk of visceral leishmaniasis by L. infantum. Intensified control measures are required to prevent local transmission of leishmaniasis in Zhengzhou City.

8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 570-576, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940924

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the therapeutic effects of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) and traditional surgical modes in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). Methods: The clinicopathological data of patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma treated at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from 2010 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. 135 cases were treated with traditional surgery (non-TORS group), while 52 cases were treated with TORS (TORS group). The prognosis of the two groups of patients were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method and Log rank test, the influencing factors were analyzed by Cox regression model. Results: The 2-year overall survival (OS, 94.2%) and 2-year progression-free survival (PFS, 93.8%) of patients in the TORS group were better than those in the non-TORS group (71.4% and 71.4%, respectively, P<0.05). The 2-year OS (93.3%) and 2-year PFS (92.8%) of TORS group patients in T1-2 stage were better than those of non-TORS group (73.1% and 72.8%, respectively, P<0.05). The 2-year OS (95.8%) and 2-year PFS (95.2%) of patients with stage Ⅰ to Ⅱ in the TORS group were not significantly different from those in the non-TORS group (84.1% and 83.9%, respectively, P>0.05). The 2-year OS (92.9%) and 2-year PFS rate (92.7%) of patients with stage Ⅲ to Ⅳ in the TORS group were better than those in the non-TORS group (64.7% and 63.9%, respectively, P<0.05). The 2-year OS (94.4%) of HPV-positive patients in the TORS group was not significantly different from that in the non-TORS group (83.3%, P=0.222). The 2-year OS of HPV-negative patients in the TORS group (94.1%) was significantly different from that in the non-TORS group (43.7%, P<0.001). HPV status was an independent prognostic factor (P=0.008). Conclusions: TORS has a better prognosis in the treatment of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma compared with the traditional treatment methods. The patients with T1-T2 can achieve better survival benefits after TORS treatment. The HPV-positive OPSCC patients has a better prognosis than that of HPV-negative OPSCC patients, and regardless of HPV status, OPSCC patients in the TORS group could obtain a better survival prognosis.


Subject(s)
Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Papillomavirus Infections/complications , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/surgery
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880243

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Targeted therapy for patients with driver genes positive and immunotherapy for patients with driver gene-negative but high programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression are the standards of first-line treatment for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The treatment options for patients with driver gene positive and high PD-L1 expression are still worth exploring.@*METHODS@#The characteristics of 315 patients with NSCLC were identified to analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with driver gene positive and high PD-L1 expression, and the efficacy of targeted therapy.@*RESULTS@#Among the 315 patients, the total positive rate of driver genes was 62.2%, and the high PD-L1 expression rate (≥50.0%) was 11.2%. The proportion of patients with driver gene positive and high PD-L1 expression was 10.7%. PD-L1 was highly expressed in patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation, KRAS mutation, ALK fusion, BRAF mutation, and MET 14 exon skip mutation, the proportions were 7.8% (11/141), 18.2% (4/22), and 23.1%, (3/13), 50.0% (2/4) and 100.0% (1/1) respectively. EGFR mutation positive with PD-L1 high expression was mainly in patients with stage IV lung adenocarcinoma. KRAS mutation positive with PD-L1 high expression was mainly in patients with a history of smoking. Among them, two patients were followed in detail for targeted therapy, who with ALK fusion-positive and PD-L1 high expression (90.0%), EGFR L858R mutation and PD-L1 high expression (70.0%) respectively. The total OS of the patients was 5 months, 2 months.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The high PD-L1 expression rate in NSCLC patients with different driver gene mutations was variable, which maybe correlated with distinct clinicopathological characteristics. Patients with sensitive mutations and high PD-L1 expression may be less benefit from targeted therapy and have poor prognosis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879802

ABSTRACT

Drowning is a leading cause of accidental injury in children and has a great impact on family and society. The prevention and treatment of drowning is of great importance for reducing mortality rate. This consensus reviews the literature on the epidemiology, rescue, resuscitation, and acute clinical management and prevention of drowning. The panel determines the score of available evidence according to the criteria of Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine and then makes recommendations on evidence based on such criteria, so as to provide a basis for further reducing the mortality and disability rates caused by drowning.


Subject(s)
Child , Consensus , Drowning/prevention & control , Humans , Resuscitation
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879009

ABSTRACT

Phylogeography is a research hotspot in the field of the genetic diversity and core germplasm construction of endangered rare plants. Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis is a rare plant species mainly distributed in China. Wild individuals have been overexploited for the last few decades because of increasing demand for such medicines. Therefore, it is great significance to study the phylogeography of P. poliphylla var. yunnanensis based on chloroplast gene trnL-trnF sequences. In this study, chloroplast genes trnL-trnF were used in the phylogeography analysis of 15 wild and 17 cultivated populations of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis. This study revealed that based on the results of neutrality tests and mismatch analysis, the rapid expansion of wild population has not been detected in P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis. After aligning and sorting the obtained cpDNA sequences, a total of 15 haplotypes were detected in all 32 populations. One haplotype was unique to the wild population, and 5 haplotypes were unique to the cultivated population. It can be seen that the haplotype richness of cultivated population was higher than that of wild population. The wild populations of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis were divided into two groups according to evolutionary relationship of haplotypes and distribution map of haplotypes. The haplotype of branch Ⅰ was mainly distributed in Guizhou, and the haplotype of branch Ⅱ was located in Yunnan and Huidong, Sichuan. Therefore, it's speculated that Guizhou and the west Yunnan region may be glacial refuge in the evolutionary history of wild populations of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis, and in order to protect the wild resources more effectively, wild populations of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis in these two areas should be included in the protection zone.


Subject(s)
China , Genes, Chloroplast , Humans , Liliaceae/genetics , Melanthiaceae , Phylogeography
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878362

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate reciprocal regulation between Fur and two RyhB homologs in @*Methods@#Regulatory relationships were assessed by a combination of colony morphology assay, primer extension, electrophoretic mobility shift assay and DNase I footprinting.@*Results@#Fur bound to the promoter-proximal DNA regions of @*Conclusion@#Fur and the two RyhB homologs exert negative reciprocal regulation, and RyhB homologs have a positive regulatory effect on biofilm formation in


Subject(s)
Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Biofilms , Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial/physiology , Yersinia pestis/physiology
13.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1658-1670, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922653

ABSTRACT

Mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling governs important physiological and pathological processes key to cellular life. Loss of mTOR negative regulators and subsequent over-activation of mTOR signaling are major causes underlying epileptic encephalopathy. Our previous studies showed that UBTOR/KIAA1024/MINAR1 acts as a negative regulator of mTOR signaling, but whether UBTOR plays a role in neurological diseases remains largely unknown. We therefore examined a zebrafish model and found that ubtor disruption caused increased spontaneous embryonic movement and neuronal activity in spinal interneurons, as well as the expected hyperactivation of mTOR signaling in early zebrafish embryos. In addition, mutant ubtor larvae showed increased sensitivity to the convulsant pentylenetetrazol, and both the motor activity and the neuronal activity were up-regulated. These phenotypic abnormalities in zebrafish embryos and larvae were rescued by treatment with the mTORC1 inhibitor rapamycin. Taken together, our findings show that ubtor regulates motor hyperactivity and epilepsy-like behaviors by elevating neuronal activity and activating mTOR signaling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hyperkinesis/genetics , Mutation/genetics , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Zebrafish/metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942511

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the safety, efficacy and feasibility of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for parapharyngeal space (PPS) neoplasms. Methods: We collected data from 7 patients with PPS neoplasm who received TORS in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between May 2017 and November 2020, and patients' clinical and pathological characteristics were analysed. There were 2 men and 5 women with age ranged from 35 to 76 years. Among them, 2 patients underwent secondary surgery, 2 patients required combined transcervical approach to complete surgery, and 1 patient was suspected of ipsilateral cervical lymph node metastasis and scheduled for diagnostic TORS. The preoperative tumor size, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative bleeding, dyspnea, neurological impairment, feeding time and postoperative hospital stay were analyzed. SPSS 24.0 was used to analyze the data. Results: TORS was performed successfully with complete removal of tumors in all 7 cases. Among 6 patients with curative TORS, 5 patients received TORS with postoperative diagnoses of neurogenic tumors and 1 patient underwent TORS combined transcervical approach with postoperative disgnosis of recurrent pleomorphic adenoma; no intraoperative tumor rupture occurred; the intraoperative blood loss was 20-200 ml with a median of 40 ml; the operation time was 65.0-238.0 min with a median of 77.5 min; the oral feeding time was 3-6 days with a median of 3 days; and the postoperative hospital stay was 4.2±1.6 days. One patient presented with neck swelling 3 days after surgery, but this symptom relieved 3 days later after treatments with antibiotic, hemostasis and detumescence. One patient received diagnostic TORS, as intraoperative pathology indicating a recurrent pleomorphic adenoma, then the neoplasm got completely resected through transcervical-transparotid approach. None of 7 patients manifested with airway obstruction, bleeding or nerve injury symptoms after operation. All patients were followed for 2 to 44 months, no local recurrence or distant metastasis was found. Conclusions: TORS is a safe, effective and feasible treatment for selected PPS neoplasms, with less cosmetic impact, less trauma and blood loss, few postoperative complications, enhanced postoperative recovery and short hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Parapharyngeal Space , Pharyngeal Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures
15.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 680-684,F4, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907504

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on clinical data, establish and verify the prediction model of hyponatremia after craniocerebral trauma.Methods:Through retrospective analysis of 226 patients with traumatic brain injury who were eligible for inclusion in Department of Neurosurgery, Qingpu Branch, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from June 2019 to January 2021. After 6 months of follow-up, the patients were divided into the hyponatremia group ( n=81) and the normal group ( n=145) according to their blood sodium level. Various factors that may be related to the occurrence of hyponatremia were analyzed. Logistic multivariate regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors of patients with hyponatremia, the best cut-off point of was determined by the characteristic curve (ROC), and the nomogram prediction model was established and verified based on the independent risk factors of patients with hyponatremia. Results:Patients in the normal blood sodium group were(40.33±15.32) years old, 87 cases (60.00%) of cerebral contusion, 3 cases (2.07%) of intraventricular hemorrhage, 15 cases (10.34%) of cerebral hernia, 35 cases (24.14%) of GCS score <6 and 110 cases (75.86%) of GCS score ≥6; In the hyponatremia group, patients were (47.17±16.03) years old, with 65 cases (80.25%) of cerebral contusion, 7 cases (8.64%) of intraventricular hemorrhage, 19 cases (23.46%) of cerebral hernia, 44 cases (54.32%) of GCS score <6 and 37 cases (45.68%) of GCS score ≥6, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Logistic multivariate regression analysis found that increasing age, ventricular hemorrhage, cerebral herniation, elevated ADH and GCS score <6 were all independent risk factors for patients with hyponatremia( OR=2.287, 2.531, 1.344, 1.387, 1.582; 95% CI: 1.945-2.628, 1.338-3.723, 1.256-1.431, 1.013-1.761, 1.233-1.931; P<0.05). The GCS score predicts that the area under the ROC curve for patients with hyponatremia was 0.795, the cut-off point was 6 points, the sensitivity was 95.00%, and the specificity was 64.30%. A nomogram model was constructed to predict patients with hyponatremia based on independent risk factors, in which the C-index calculation result and ROC curve AUC were 0.798 (95% CI: 0.751-0.842) and 0.815 (95% CI: 0.767-0.877), respectively, indicating a good degree of discrimination; Calibration curve evaluation results showed that the model has good consistency. Conclusion:GCS score is an independent risk factor that affects whether patients with craniocerebral trauma are complicated by hyponatremia. It has a good predictive value for whether this type of patients is complicated by hyponatremia, which is conducive to early identification and intervention of patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905174

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of virtual reality (VR) on comprehensive balance for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods:The databases of Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Scopus, VIP, Wanfang Data and CNKI were retrieved to collect randomized controlled trials about VR intervention for PD patients, from establishment to November, 2020. Two researchers independently screened the literature, extracted the data and evaluated the quality of the literature, and then used Review Manager 5.3 software for meta-analysis. Results:A total of 24 documents were included. Compared with the control group, VR intervention might improve the static balance (SMD = -0.49, 95%CI -0.64 to -0.35, P < 0.001) of PD patients. Simple VR intervention might improve the Berg Balance Scale score (SMD = 0.83, 95%CI 0.43 to 1.23, P < 0.001) for PD patients, while combination of VR intervention might improve the Berg Balance Scale score (SMD = 0.75, 95%CI 0.53 to 0.96, P < 0.001) and Timed 'Up and Go' Test time (SMD = -0.87, 95%CI -1.52 to -0.22, P = 0.008) for PD patients; however, simple VR intervention might do little in improving Timed 'Up and Go' Test time (SMD = -0.36, 95%CI -0.74 to 0.03, P = 0.07). Conclusions:VR can improve the comprehensive balance for PD patients, especially combine with conventional or balance training.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921671

ABSTRACT

Gentiana is an important but complicated group in Gentianaceae. The genus covers numerous medicinal plants which are difficult to be identified. In the present study, several medicinal species in Gentiana from Yunnan province, including G. rigescens, G.rhodantha, and G. delavayi, were sequenced using the Illumina HiSeq 2500 system. Three complete chloroplast genome sequences were obtained after assembly and annotation. According to several published genome sequences of G. crassicaulis, the DNA super-barcoding of species in Gentiana was preliminarily carried out. The results revealed that chloroplast genomes of the three species were conservative with short lengths(146 944, 148 992, and 148 796 bp, respectively). The genomes encoded 114 genes, including 78 protein-coding genes, 30 tRNA genes, 4 rRNA genes, and 2 pseudogenes. Furthermore, these medicinal species in Yunnan province were identified using DNA super-barcoding based on chloroplast genomes. The results showed that the Gentiana species could be gathered into monophyletic branches with a high support value(100%). It indicated that DNA super-barcoding possessed obvious advantages in discriminating species in complicated genera. This study is expected to provide a scientific basis for the identification, utilization, and conservation of Gentiana species.


Subject(s)
China , DNA , Genome, Chloroplast/genetics , Gentiana/genetics , Phylogeny
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913067

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of reported imported malaria cases in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020, so as to provide insights into the management of imported malaria in the city. Methods All data pertaining to cases with definitive diagnosis of malaria in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020 were captured from the National Notifiable Disease Report System and the Information Management System for Parasitic Disease Control in China, including individual demographic data, and malaria onset, initial diagnosis and definitive diagnosis data. All data were descriptively analyzed. The duration from malaria onset to initial diagnosis, from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis and from onset to definitive diagnosis was compared among cases. In addition, the diagnoses of imported malaria cases in which definitive diagnosis was made were compared with the reexaminations by Zhengzhou Municipal Malaria Diagnosis Reference Laboratory. Results A total of 302 cases with definitive diagnosis of malaria were reported in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020, and all were imported cases, with Plasmodium falciparum malaria as the predominant type (230 cases, 76.2%). There were 293 malaria cases imported from Africa (293 cases, 97.0%), which mainly included Nigeria (48 cases, 15.9%), Angola (40 cases, 13.2%), and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (29 cases, 9.6%). There was no obvious seasonality found in the date of malaria onset and time of reporting malaria. The ratio of male to female malaria cases was 49.3:1, and there were 103 cases (34.1%) with the current residency address in Zhengzhou City, 193 cases (63.9%) with the current residency address in other cities of Henan Province and 6 cases (2.0%) in other provinces of China. There were 271 cases (89.7%) seeking initial diagnosis in medical institutions, and the diagnostic accuracy of malaria was 56.6% (171/302) at initial diagnosis institutions. A total of 122 cases (40.4%) sought medical care on the day of malaria onset, and 252 cases (86.4%) within 3 days; however, only 22 cases (7.3%) were definitively diagnosed on the day of onset, and 162 cases (53.6%) diagnosed within 3 days. There were no significant differences between malaria cases seeking initial diagnosis at medical institutions and disease control and prevention institutions in terms of the duration from malaria onset to initial diagnosis (Z = −1.663, P > 0.05), from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis (Z = −0.413, P > 0.05) or from malaria onset to definitive diagnosis (Z = −0.838, P > 0.05). The median duration (interquartile range) from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis of malaria was 3.00 (2.00), 3.00 (6.00), 2.00 (4.00) d and 1.00 (1.00) d among cases seeking medical care at township-level and lower, county-, city- and province-level medical institutions, and the median duration from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis of malaria was significantly longer among cases seeking medical care at township-level and lower medical institutions than at city (Z = −3.286, P < 0.008 33) and province-level medical institutions (Z = −9.119, P < 0.008 33), while the median duration from initial diagnosis to definitive diagnosis [1.00 (3.00) d vs. 2.00 (4.00) d; Z = −4.099, P < 0.016] and from malaria onset to definitive diagnosis [3.00 (4.00) d vs. 4.00 (5.00) d; Z = −2.868, P < 0.016] among malaria cases with the current residency address in Zhengzhou City was both shorter than in other cities of Henan Province. The diagnostic accuracy was 89.1% (269/302) among malaria cases in which definitive diagnosis was made, and the accuracy of malaria reexaminations was 94.0% (284/302) in Zhengzhou Municipal Malaria Diagnosis Reference Laboratory. Conclusions P. falciparum malaria was predominant among reported imported malaria cases in Zhengzhou City from 2016 to 2020, and these imported malaria cases were predominantly diagnosed at medical institutions; however, the diagnostic capability of malaria is poor in township-level and lower medical institutions. Strengthening the collaboration between medical institutions and disease control and prevention institutions and improving the diagnostic capability building at medical institutions are recommended to consolidate malaria elimination achivements.

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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 644-649, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911088

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the risk factors of clinical cure and biochemical recurrence (BCR) after radical prostatectomy (RP).Methods:The clinical data of 896 patients who underwent RP at Peking University First Hospital from April 2001 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Average age was (65.90±6.3) years, median preoperative prostate specific antigen (PSA) was 10.75 (0.36-264.20) ng/ml, median prostate volume was 40.0 (12.0-220.9) ml, median PSA density (PSAD) was 0.27 (0.02-3.42) ng/(ml·g). Clinical staging: 432 cases in T 1c stage, 333 cases in T 2a/bstage, 76 cases in T 2c stage, and 55 cases in ≥T 3 stage. Preoperative Gleason score of biopsy: 193 cases in 3+ 3, 315 cases in 3+ 4, 162 cases in 4+ 3, 226 cases in ≥8. The RP surgery was operated by open or laparoscopic or robot-assisted approach. Clinical cure and BCR were used as the end points for analysis. Clinical cure was defined as a decrease in serum PSA level below 0.03 ng/ml 6 weeks after surgery. BCR was defined as the 2 consecutive serum PSA >0.2ng/ml during the follow-up after RP. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors of clinical cure. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw the biochemical recurrence-free survival curve, the log-rank method was used for univariate analysis of BCR, and the Cox regression analysis was used for multivariate analysis. Results:All 896 patients were followed-up for 58 (5-241) months, 678 cases (75.7%) achieved clinical cure. Based on univariate analysis and multivariate analysis, among the preoperative indicators, whether the proportion of positive biopsy needles ≥33% ( P=0.007) and preoperative Gleason score of biopsy ( P=0.041) were independent risk factors of clinical cure. A total of 890 cases were included in the analysis of risk factors of BCR, of whom 172 cases (19.3%) had BCR. The 1-, 5-, and 10-year biochemical recurrence-free survival(BFS)rates were 98.1%, 83.1% and 68.4% respectively. The median BFS has not been reached, and the average BFS was 181 months (95% CI 172-189). The results of univariate and multivariate analysis showed that whether achieved clinical cure ( P=0.001) and postoperative pathological staging ( P<0.001) were independent risk factors of BCR. Conclusions:Whether the proportion of positive biopsy needles≥33% and preoperative Gleason score of biopsy were independent risk factors of clinical cure. Postoperative pathological staging and whether achieved clinical cure may be independent risk factors of BCR.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931226

ABSTRACT

Suppression of cellular O-linked β-N-acetylglucosaminylation (O-GlcNAcylation) can repress prolifera-tion and migration of various cancer cells,which opens a new avenue for cancer therapy.Based on the regulation of insulin gene transcription,we designed a cell-based fluorescent reporter capable of sensing cellular O-GlcNAcylation in HEK293T cells.The fluorescent reporter mainly consists of a reporter (green fluorescent protein (GFP)),an internal reference (red fluorescent protein),and an operator (neuronal differentiation 1),which serves as a "sweet switch" to control GFP expression in response to cellular O-GlcNAcylation changes.The fluorescent reporter can efficiently sense reduced levels of cellular O-GlcNAcylation in several cell lines.Using the fluorescent reporter,we screened 120 natural products and obtained one compound,sesamin,which could markedly inhibit protein O-GlcNAcylation in HeLa and human colorectal carcinoma-116 cells and repress their migration in vitro.Altogether,the present study demonstrated the development of a novel strategy for anti-tumor drug screening,as well as for con-ducting gene transcription studies.

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