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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345278


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the pathomorphological change of the atlanto-occipital segment of vertebral artery (V3 part) related with cervical vertigo.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 1999 to November 2011, the pathomorphological change of the atlanto-occipital segment of vertebral artery were observed in 1680 patients with cervical vertigo using 3D-CTA technology. The clinical data of these patients were analyzed. There were 783 males and 897 females, aged from 22 to 70 years old with an average of 52.8 years old. Doppler examination showed vertebral basilar artery flow velocity to speed up or slow down.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The blood vessel of 3360 branches were detected in 1680 patients and 2778 branches were detected out vascular anomaly. And 829 branches were in V1 segment, 421 were in V2, 328 were in V3, 1190 were in V4. The pathomorphological changes in the atlanto-occipital segment (V3) of vertebral artery included angiospasm, congenital absence, abnormal exit, localized stenosis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There are 4 kinds of pathomorphological changes in the atlanto-occipital segment of vertebral artery related with cervical vertigo. The 3D-CTA result can be used to judge prognosis and adopt reasonable treatment for the patients.</p>

Adult , Aged , Atlanto-Occipital Joint , Cervical Vertebrae , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Vertebral Artery , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Vertigo , Pathology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332884


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical efficacy of the frog shape four-step pulling method for the treatment of sacroiliac joint subluxation, and to explore the rationality of the method.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Among 92 patients diagnosed as sacroiliac joint subluxation, 19 patients were male and 73 patients were female,ranging in age from 14 to 61 years, with an average of 38.7 years. The course of disease ranged from 1 month to 96 months,with an average of 18.4 months. All the patients were treated with the frog shape four-step pulling method. The therapeutic effects were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The treatment times ranged from 1 to 10 (averaged 4.3 times). According to evaluation standard of sacroiliac joint subluxation, 71 patients got an excellent result, 19 good, 1 fair and 1 bad.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The frog shape four-step pulling method had many advantages such as simplicity of operation, targeted, high rate of success, not easy rebound and less pain for patients and so on.</p>

Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Joint Dislocations , Therapeutics , Male , Manipulation, Orthopedic , Methods , Middle Aged , Sacroiliac Joint , Wounds and Injuries
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316218


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the influence of manipulation on cervical vertigo arteria vertebralis morphology and blood flow speed.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-five patients with cervical vertigo included 27 males and 18 females with an average age of 41.6 years old ranging from 25 to 60. The course of disease was from 2 weeks to 5 years. TCD were applied to test arteria vertebralis blood flow speed and 3D-CTA applied to inspect arteria vertebralis morphology as the observation targets. According to the morphology change different stage localization, the 3-step manipulation were adopt to observe the arteria vertebralis blood flow speed and the morphology influence.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After cervical manipulation, the scoring of vertigo symptoms were improved remarkable (P<0.001); Among the patients of blood flow speed reduced and the patients of blood flow speed increased, the Vm before treament compared with after treament, there were statistical difference (P<0.01). The arteria vertebralis morphology partial patient had changed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The cervical manipulation exceptionally has the bidirectional control action to arteria vertebralis morphology change and blood flow speed in the cervical vertigo, and can cause the partial blood tubular-shaped condition to have the reversal changed.</p>

Acupuncture Points , Adult , Aged , Blood Flow Velocity , Brain , Pathology , Cerebrovascular Circulation , Physiology , Cervical Vertebrae , Exercise Therapy , Female , Head Movements , Humans , Male , Manipulation, Spinal , Methods , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Vertebral Artery , Pathology , Vertigo , Diagnosis , Pathology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297002


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore an effective method for treating Gentamicin-induced deafness and the mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Guinea pigs were randomly divided into 5 groups: normal control group (group A), model group (group B), Ligustrazine group (group C), acupuncture group (group D) and Ligustrazine plus acupuncture group (group E). The group C, D and E were treated respectively by simple Ligustrazine, simple acupuncture at "Tinggong" (SI 19), "Yifeng" (TE 17), and "Waiguan" (TE 5), and Ligustrazine plus acupuncture. Ten days later, the auditory brainstem response (ABR) thresholds for the wave III , apoptosis and expressions of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins in the organ of Corti of the guinea pig were detected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the group E, the ABR threshold was significantly lower than that in the group C (P<0.05), and apoptotic cells, the expression of Bax protein and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 were lower than those in the group C and D in the organ of Corti, and Bcl-2 protein expression was increased.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture at "Tinggong" (SI 19), "Yifeng" (TE 17), and "Waiguan" (TE 5) has a certain target-synergistic action on Ligustrazine and can increase therapeutic effect of Ligustrazine on Gentamicin-induced deafness, which are possible related with the inhibition of apoptosis, down-regulation of Bax expression and up-regulation of Bcl-2 expression.</p>

Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Toxicity , Deafness , Therapeutics , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem , Female , Gentamicins , Toxicity , Guinea Pigs , Male , Pyrazines , Therapeutic Uses