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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880376

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has had a massive impact on public health, resulting in sudden dietary and behavioral habit changes. Frontline epidemic prevention workers play a pivotal role against COVID-19. They must face high-risk infection conditions, insufficient anti-epidemic material supplies, mental pressure, and so on. COVID-19 seriously affects their dietary and behavioral habits, and poor habits make them more susceptible to COVID-19. However, their baseline dietary and behavioral habits before COVID-19 and their willingness to change these habits after the outbreak of COVID-19 remain unclear for these workers in China. This study aimed to explore the baseline dietary and behavioral habits of frontline workers and their willingness to change these habits after the outbreak of the epidemic; in addition, susceptible subgroups were identified by stratified analyses as targets of protective measures to keep them from being infected with COVID-19.@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional study was conducted through an online questionnaire using a sample of 22,459 valid individuals living in China, including 9402 frontline epidemic prevention workers.@*RESULTS@#Before COVID-19, 23.9% of the frontline epidemic prevention workers reported a high-salt diet, 46.9% of them reported a high frequency of fried foods intake, and 50.9% of them smoked cigarettes. After the outbreak of COVID-19, 34.6% of them expressed a willingness to reduce salt intake, and 43.7% of them wanted to reduce the frequency of pickled vegetables intake. A total of 37.9% of them expressed a willingness to decrease or quit smoking, and 44.5% of them wanted to increase sleep duration. Significant differences in the baseline dietary and behavioral habits and the willingness to change their habits were observed between frontline epidemic prevention workers and other participants. Among the frontline epidemic prevention workers with poor dietary and behavioral habits before COVID-19, frontline epidemic prevention experience was a promoting factor for adopting worse dietary and behavioral habits, including those in the high-salt intake subgroup (OR, 2.824; 95% CI, 2.341-3.405) and the 11-20 cigarettes/day subgroup (OR, 2.067; 95% CI, 1.359-3.143).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The dietary and behavioral habits of frontline epidemic prevention workers were worse than that those of other participants before COVID-19. They had a greater willingness to adopt healthy dietary and behavioral habits after experiencing the outbreak of COVID-19. However, frontline epidemic prevention workers with poor dietary and behavioral habits before COVID-19 continued in engage in these poor habits. Dietary and behavioral intervention policies should be drafted to protect their health, especially frontline epidemic prevention workers with poor habits at baseline.


Subject(s)
Adult , COVID-19/psychology , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet/standards , Female , Health Behavior , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Personnel/psychology , Humans , Male , Risk Reduction Behavior , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires
2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 501-507, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810770

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the feasibility of myeloid and plasmacytoid dendritic cell combined vaccines loaded with heat-treated Lewis lung cancer cell lysates for treatment of lung cancer in mice.@*Methods@#Bone marrow cells were induced by the recombinant mouse fms-like tyrosine kinase receptor 3 ligand (rmFlt3-L) in vitro, myeloid dendritic cells (mDC) and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) were separated by magnetic beads. The mDC, pDC, and mDC∶pDC=1∶1 were stimulated with heat-treated Lewis lung cancer cell lysates, respectively. The effects of each group on stimulating of lymphocyte proliferation and inducing of T cell to kill tumor cells in vitro were compared. The alternations of the immunophenotypes of CD80, CD86, CD40 and major histocompatibility complex Ⅱ (MHC-Ⅱ) were detected by flow cytometry. The secretion of cytokines including interlukin-12 (IL-12), interlukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).@*Results@#The lymphocyte proliferation in mice stimulated with mDC+ pDC group loaded with heat-treated Lewis lung cancer cell lysates was 10.80±0.66, significantly higher than 8.63±0.65 of mDC group and 7.10±0.46 pDC group under the same culture conditions, respectively (P<0.05). When the ratio of effector cells: target cells (E∶T) was 10∶1, the killing rate of the mDC+ pDC group loaded with heat-treated tumor cell lysate was 31.68%±2.93%, significantly higher than 17.44%±0.97% of mDC group and 10.29%±1.33% of pDC group, respectively (P<0.05). When the ratio of E∶T was 20∶1, the killing rate of the mDC+ pDC group loaded with heat-treated tumor cell lysate was 54.77%±3.28%, significantly higher than 35.25%±1.51% of mDC group and 15.52%±0.73% of pDC group, respectively (P<0.05). When the ratio of E∶T was 40∶1, the killing rate of the mDC+ pDC group loaded with heat-treated tumor cell lysate was 73.01%±0.91%, significantly higher than 51.36%±0.58% of mDC group and 22.65%±1.28% of pDC group, respectively (P<0.05). With the rate of E∶T increased, the killing rate also increased. The mean fluorescence intensities of surface molecules including CD80, CD86, CD40 and MHC-Ⅱ of mDC: pDC=1 group pulsed with heat-treated Lewis lung cancer cell lysates were higher than those of mDC group and pDC group. The IL-6 cytokine concentrations of mDC+ pDC group, mDC group and pDC group loaded with heat-treated Lewis lung cancer cell lysates were (586.67±52.52) pg/ml, (323.33±67.14) pg/ml and (166.67±16.07) pg/ml, respectively. The concentrations of IL-12 in each group were (2 568.75±119.24) pg/ml, (2 156.25±120.55) pg/ml and (672.92±31.46) pg/ml, respectively. The concentrations of TNF-α in each group were (789.33±48.08) pg/ml, (584.89±116.49) pg/ml and (291.56±40.73) pg/ml, respectively. The concentrations of IL-6, IL-12 and TNF-α secreted by mDC+ pDC group were much higher than those of mDC group and pDC group under the same culture conditions (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The mDCs and pDCs combined vaccines pulsed with heat-treated Lewis lung cancer cell lysates have synergistic effects on inducing of T lymphocyte proliferation and killing tumor cells in vitro. This synergistic anti-tumor effect is related with up-regulation of co-stimulatory molecules and increased secretion of cytokines.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804738

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To report the method and clinical effect of reconstruction of proximal thumb plane with iliac bone, combined with the same pedicled toenail and dorsum pedis flaps.@*Methods@#From June 2010 to May 2017, 7 patients with various degrees of proximal thumb defect were treated in the Hand Surgery Department of Ruihua Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University. Among them, there were 3 males and 4 females, aged from 18 to 50 years, with an average age of 29 years. There were 5 cases of proximal thumb defect and 2 cases of distal thumb defect. The thumb reconstruction contained 3 steps: iliac bone graft was used to repair bone defect, toenail skin flap to repair dorsal thumb wound, and dorsum pedis flap to cover volar wound. Full thickness skin graft was used to repair donor site.@*Results@#All the reconstructed fingers survived. The area of toenail skin flap was 3.0 cm×2.5 cm to 5.0 cm×3.0 cm in size. The area of dorsum pedis skin flap was 3.0 cm×3.0 cm to 6.0 cm×3.5 cm in size. The length of iliac bone graft was 2.5-5.0 cm. The follow-up time was 5-28 months, with an average of 10 months. All reconstructed finger pulp was full. The nails grew well. The appearance of fingers was satisfied, and the skin sensation of finger belly was restored to S2 to S3+ . Dorsum finger′s protective sensation of all cases were recovered, and the functions of finger joint were close to normal. The donor area on foot healed well. The scar was not obvious. The walking function was completely normal.@*Conclusions@#It is a good method to reconstruct proximal thumb with iliac bone combined with the same pedicled toenail and dorsum pedis flaps without sacrificing toes.

4.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 452-455, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667696

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the treatment of outcomes of repairing soft tissue defects of the palmar finger accompanied by proper digital artery and nerve defects.Methods From January,2014 to June,2016,7 patients(4 males and 3 females.Patients'age ranged from 18 to 45 years,with an average of 28.5 years) with soft tissue defects on the palmar side of the proximal and middle phalanx of the fingers accompanied by proper digital artery and nerve defects were treated by first dorsal metatarsal artery Flow-through flap,application of color Doppler ultrasound was used in the detection of vascular type before operation.The flap area was from 2.0 cm×2.5 cm to 3.5 cm×5.5 cm.All the donor site of the flap were sutured directly.The patients were followed-up in 1 month,3 months,6 months,12 months,24 months after the surgery,and the results were evaluated according to the Upper Extremity Functional Evaluation Standard set up by Hand Surgery Branch of Chinese Medical Association.Results All flaps survived.These cases were followed-up for 6 to 24 months,average 12 months.All the flaps got satisfactory appearance and good sense function,and 2-PD of the flap averaged 7 mm,ranging from 6 mm to 12 mm.All injured fingers got satisfactory appearance and good sense function,2-PD of the injured fingers averaged 8 mm,ranging from 6 to 15 mm.The donor site incision healed well no obvious scar hyperplasia,good function.Conclusion Application of the first dorsal metatarsal artery Flow-through flap to reconstruct soft tissue defects of the palmar finger accompanied by proper digital artery and nerve defects,can achieve good clinical effects.This method can restore the appearance,blood supply and sensation of the injured finger.

5.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 876-877, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393564

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical diagnostic value of transvaginal ultrasonic in early cervical carcinema and cervical neoplasis.Methotis The suspected patients with cervical carcinoma and cervical neoplasis were detected with transvaginal ultrasonography,liquid based cytology and cervical biopsy.The sonograms of transvaginal ultrasonic were retrospectively analyzed.Results In early cervical carcinoma and cervical neoplasis,the diagnostic sensitivity of transvaglnal ultrasonic was 90.9%and 83.3%;and the diagnostic specifity of transvaginal ultrasonic was 70.6% and 60.0%;the rate of missed diagnosis of transvaginal ultrasonic was 9.1% and 16.7%.Conclusion Transvaginal ultrasonic plays an important part in the clinical diagnosis of early cervical carcinoma.

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