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1.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 276-282, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986849

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate and summarize the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, differential diagnosis and prognosis analysis of mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma (MTSCC).@*METHODS@#The data of thirteen cases of MTSCC were retrospectively analyzed, the clinical and pathological characteristics and immunohistochemical expression were summarized, and fluorescence in situ hybridization was detected.@*RESULTS@#Among the thirteen patients, four were males and nine females, with a male-to-female ratio of 1 ∶2.25. The average age was 57.1 years, ranging from 39 to 78 years. The maximum diameter of the tumor was 2-12 cm. All cases had no symptoms, and were accidentally discovered, 3 cases underwent partial renal resection, 10 cases underwent radical renal resection, 9 cases were located in the left kidney, and 4 cases were located in the right kidney. Most of the cases showed the classical morphological changes, with 11 cases of nuclear grading [World Health Organization (WHO)/International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grading system] being G2 and 2 cases being G3. There were 6 cases of stage PT1a, 3 cases of PT1b, 2 cases of PT2a, and 1 case of PT2b and 1 case of PT3a. The positive rates of immunohistochemical staining were: vimentin, AE1/AE3, α-methylacyl-CoA racemase (αMACR) and cytokeratin (CK) 8/18, 100% (13/13); CK7, 92.3% (12/13); epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), 92.3% (12/13); CK20, 46.2% (6/13); CD10, 30.8% (4/13); synaptophysin (Syn), 7.7% (1/13); chromogranin A (CgA), CD57, WT1 and Ki-67, 0 (0/13), and fluorescence in situ hybridization showed that no trisomy of chromosomes 7 and 17 were observed in any of the cases. The follow-up period was 6 months to 7 years and 6 months, 2 cases died after lung metastasis (one with ISUP/WHO grade G3, one with necrosis), and the remaining 11 cases had no recurrence and metastasis.@*CONCLUSION@#MTSCC is a unique type of low-grade malignancy kidney tumor, occurs predominantly in females, widely distributed in age, the current treatment method is surgical resection, and cases with necrosis and high-grade morphology are prone to recurrence and metastasis, although most cases have a good prognosis, but they still need close follow-up after surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnosis , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Retrospective Studies , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/pathology , Kidney/pathology , Prognosis , Necrosis
2.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 111-119, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881016

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Shenyankangfu Tablet (SYKFT) is a Chinese patent medicine that has been used widely to decrease proteinuria and the progression of chronic kidney disease.@*OBJECTIVE@#This trial compared the efficacy and safety of SYKFT, for the control of proteinuria in primary glomerulonephritis patients, against the standard drug, losartan potassium.@*DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION@#This was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Primary glomerulonephritis patients, aged 18-70 years, with blood pressure ≤ 140/90 mmHg, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 45 mL/min per 1.73 m@*MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES@#The primary outcome was change in the 24-hour proteinuria level, after 48 weeks of treatment.@*RESULTS@#A total of 735 participants were enrolled. The percent decline of urine protein quantification in the SYKFT group after 48 weeks was 8.78% ± 2.56% (P = 0.006) more than that in the losartan 50 mg group, which was 0.51% ± 2.54% (P = 1.000) less than that in the losartan 100 mg group. Compared with the losartan potassium 50 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 50 mg group had a 13.39% ± 2.49% (P < 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein level. Compared with the losartan potassium 100 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 100 mg group had a 9.77% ± 2.52% (P = 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein. With a superiority threshold of 15%, neither was statistically significant. eGFR, serum creatinine and serum albumin from the baseline did not change statistically significant. The average change in TCM syndrome score between the patients who took SYKFT (-3.00 [-6.00, -2.00]) and who did not take SYKFT (-2.00 [-5.00, 0]) was statistically significant (P = 0.003). No obvious adverse reactions were observed in any group.@*CONCLUSION@#SYKFT decreased the proteinuria and improved the TCM syndrome scores of primary glomerulonephritis patients, with no change in the rate of decrease in the eGFR. SYKFT plus losartan potassium therapy decreased proteinuria more than losartan potassium therapy alone.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER@#NCT02063100 on ClinicalTrials.gov.

3.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 640-646, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942229

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinicopathological features and prognosis of fumarate hydratase deficient renal cell carcinoma (FH-RCC).@*METHODS@#Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining was used to detect the expression of fumarate hydratase (FH) in tumor tissues of 109 different types of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients aged 60 years and younger from the Department of Urology of Peking University First Hospital from January 2013 to December 2019. The clinicopathological data and prognosis of FH-RCC were collected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were eleven patients with FH-negative expression. Seven were males and four females. The age of onset ranged 16-53 years (mean age: 36.7 years), and four female patients all had a history of uterine leiomyoma. Only one first-degree relative of one patient had renal cancer, and none of the patients had a history or family history of cutaneous leiomyomas. The diameter of the tumor was 2.1-12.0 cm (mean: 8.83 cm). Renal sinus or perirenal fat invasion was seen in nine cases, tumor thrombus in renal vein or inferior vena cava in six cases, lymph node metastasis in seven cases, adrenal gland invasion in four cases and splenic capsule invasion in one case. The cases were initially diagnosed as type Ⅱ papillary RCC (7/49, 14.3%), collecting duct carcinoma (2/9, 22.2%) and unclassified RCC (2/51, 3.9%). Tumor histopathology mostly showed a mixture of different structures, such as papillary, tubular cystic, solid, and so on. The most common histological structures were papillary (9/11, 81.8%) and tubular (8/11, 72.7%). Three cases had sarcomatoid areas. At least focal eosinophilic nucleolus (WHO/grades Ⅲ-Ⅳ) and perinuclear halo could be seen in all cases. Immunohistochemical (IHC) stains of most tumors were negative for CA9, CD10 and CK7. The results of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) showed that there was no translocation or amplification of TFE3 gene in two cases with TFE3 IHC expression. All the patients were followed up for 11-82 months. Mean survival was 24 months. Five cases died of distant metastasis 9-31 months after operation (mean: 19 months), and five of the six patients alive had became metastatic.@*CONCLUSION@#Morphologically, FH-RCC overlaps with many types cell RCC. A mixture of papillary and tubular cystic arrangement is the most common growth pattern of FH-RCC. At least focally large and obvious eosinophilic nucleoli are an important histological feature of this tumor. The negative expression of FH can help to confirm the diagnosis. Young female RCC patients with uterine leiomyomas should be suspected of FH-RCC. Some FH-RCC cases lack clinical evidence. The suspicion raised by pathologists based on histological characteristics is often the key step to further genetic testing and the final diagnosis of the tumor.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , Fumarate Hydratase/genetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Prognosis
4.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 234-239, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941993

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical value of serum isoform [-2] proprostate-specific antigen (p2PSA) and its derivatives %p2PSA and prostate health index (PHI) in predicting aggressive prostate cancer (PCa).@*METHODS@#The pre-operation serum and basic clinical data of 322 patients with PCa (including 143 patients diagnosed with PCa by transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy and 179 patients undergoing radical prostatectomy) in Peking University First Hospital were collected from August 2015 to May 2018. Serum total prostate-specific antigen (tPSA), free prostate antigen (fPSA) and fPSA/tPSA (f/t) and the p2PSA level of all these patients were measured on automatic immune analyzers DxI800, and then %p2PSA and PHI were calculated. The prostate pathologic result was considered as the gold standard to evaluate the Gleason score of the patients with PCa. Receiver operator curves (ROC) were used to assess the ability of p2PSA, %p2PSA and PHI to predict aggressive PCa (pathologic Gleason score≥7) compared with those traditional markers tPSA, fPSA and f/t.@*RESULTS@#Among these patients, the p2PSA, %p2PSA and PHI median levels were significantly higher in patients with pathologic Gleason score≥7 than those with Gleason score<7 (p2PSA: 30.22 ng/L vs. 18.33 ng/L; %p2PSA: 2.50 vs. 1.27; PHI: 91.81 vs. 35.44; all P<0.01). The area under curve (AUC) of %p2PSA and PHI (0.770, 0.760) in predicting Gleason score≥7 were higher than those of the traditional indicators tPSA, fPSA and f/t (AUC were 0.648, 0.536 and 0.693, respectively). Among those patients diagnosed with PCa by transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy, the AUC of %p2PSA and PHI (AUC were 0.808 and 0.801, respectively) in predicting Gleason score≥7 were higher than those of the traditional indicators tPSA, fPSA and f/t (AUC were 0.729, 0.655 and 0.665 respectively). Among those patients undergoing radical prostatectomy, PHI and %p2PSA also had the trend of higher predictive value than those of the traditional indicators. The AUC of %p2PSA and PHI were 0.798 and 0.744, respectively while the AUC of tPSA, fPSA and f/t were 0.625, 0.507 and 0.697, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with traditional markers tPSA, fPSA and f/t, %p2PSA and PHI had much higher predictive value for aggressive PCa, which may help clinicians to evaluate the therapeutic regime and make more appropriate management plan for the patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Neoplasm Grading , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , Protein Isoforms , ROC Curve
5.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 168-174, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776614

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To follow up the participants of the randomized clinical trial "Efficacy and Safety of Niaoduqing Particles () for Delaying Moderate-to-Severe Renal Dysfunction", and assess the long-term effects of Niaoduqing Particles on delaying the progression of renal dysfunction.@*METHODS@#Participants, who had previously been randomly assigned to receive Niaoduqing Particles or placebo for 24 weeks (146 cases in each group), were invited to follow-up and all were administered Niaoduqing Particles 5 g thrice daily and 10 g before bedtime for 24 weeks. The primary endpoints were changes in baseline serum creatinine (Scr) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) after completion of the open-label treatment period.@*RESULTS@#After the double-blind period, the median (interquartile range) changes in Scr were 1.1 (-13.0-24.1) and 11.7 (-2.6-42.9) μmol/L for the Niaoduqing Particle and placebo groups, respectively (P=0.008), and the median changes in eGFRs were-0.2 (-4.3-2.7) and-2.21 (-5.7-0.8) mL•min•1.73 m, respectively (P=0.016). There were significant differences in the double-blind period changes in renal function between groups. After the open-label period, the median changes in Scr were 9.0 (-10.0-41.9) and 17.5 (-6.0-50.0) μmol/L for the Niaoduqing Particle and placebo groups according to baseline grouping, respectively (P=0.214), and the median changes in eGFRs were-2.3 (-6.4-1.9) and-3.7 (-7.5-1.1) mL•min•1.73 m, respectively (P=0.134). There were no statistical differences in the open-label period changes in renal function between groups. The eGFR reduction of participants who accepted Niaoduqing Particle treatment for 48 weeks was projected to 2.5 mL•min•1.73 m per year.@*CONCLUSION@#Niaoduqing Particles appear to have long-term efficacy for patients with moderate-to-severe renal dysfunction. Although there was no statistical difference, the early use of Niaoduqing Paticles seems to ameliorate the worsening of renal function. (Trial registration No. ChiCTR-TRC-12002448).


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Disease Progression , Double-Blind Method , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Follow-Up Studies , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Kidney Diseases , Drug Therapy , Outcome Assessment, Health Care
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1374-1379, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775711

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influence of oridonin on the killing activity of NK-92 MI cells targeting THP1 and the related mechanism.@*METHODS@#The killing activity of NK-92 MI to THP1 before and after oridonin treatment was detected by LDH release assay; the expression of natural killer cell ligands activating receptor D (NKG2D, including MICA, MICB, ULBP1, ULBP2 and ULBP3) was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot respectively; the expression of cytokine TNF-α, TNF-β and IFN-γ in the co-culture supernatant of NK-92 MI cells and THP1 cells were measured by ELISA.@*RESULTS@#The killing efficiency after oridonin treatment at different effector-target ratio (1:1, 5:1, 10:1) was all significantly up-regulated in comparison with that before oridonin treatment (P<0.05). QRT-PCR and Western blot showed that the expressions of mRNA and protein levels of MICB, ULBP1, ULBP2 increased to varying degree (P<0.05), but the expression levels of MICA and ULBP3 were not statistically significant between experimental group and control group (P>0.05). ELISA results indicated that IFN-γ and TNF-β release were significantly increased after oridonin treatment (P<0.05), however, the TNF-α release was not statistically different in comparison with control group (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Oridonin can significantly improve killing efficiency of NK-92 MI on THP1, that might be related with up-regulation of MICB, ULBP1 and ULBP2 expression and promotion of IFN-γ and TNF-β release.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Diterpenes, Kaurane , Pharmacology , GPI-Linked Proteins , Histocompatibility Antigens Class I
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1951-1958, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771146

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The effect and mechanism of Saccharomyces boulardii (Sb) in inflammatory bowel disease are unclear. The objective of the study was to evaluate the impact of Sb on intestinal mucosal barrier and intestinal flora in a colitis mouse model.@*METHODS@#Forty C57BL/6J male mice were randomly assigned to five groups: normal control group (A), pathologic control group (B), Sb treatment group (C), mesalazine treatment group (D), and Sb combined with mesalazine treatment group (E). Colitis was induced by the addition of 2.5% (wt/vol) dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) in the drinking water ad libitum for 7 days. The general condition, weight change, stool property, and bloody stool level of mice were observed to evaluate the disease activity index. The expression of zona occludens-1 (ZO-1) and occludin in intestinal tissue were measured by immunohistochemistry. The level of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin (IL)-8 in plasma was measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Inter-cellular tight junctions were observed by transmission electron microscopy. The feces and intestinal contents were collected sterilely, and intestinal flora was analyzed by 16S rRNA sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Compared with group B, Sb reduced the disease activity index and histological score of group C (disease activity index: group B 2.708 ± 0.628, group C 1.542 ± 0.616, PBC = 0.005; histological score: group B 9.875 ± 3.271, group C 4.750 ± 1.832, PBC = 0.005) in DSS-induced colitis in mice. Sb exerted a protect effect on the expression of ZO-1 (group B 2.075 ± 1.176, group C 4.225 ± 1.316, PBC = 0.019) and occludin (group B 2.200 ± 0.968, group C 3.525 ± 1.047, PBC = 0.023). Compared with group B, Sb decreased the level of TNF-α and IL-8 of group C (TNF-α: group B 716.323 ± 44.691 ng/L, group C 521.740 ± 90.121 ng/L, PBC = 0.001; IL-8: group B 128.992 ± 11.475 pg/mL, group C 106.283 ± 15.906 pg/mL, PBC = 0.012). Treatment with Sb preserved the tight junctions and ameliorated microvilli and inter-cellular space. Treatment with Sb also showed its own characteristics: a higher percentage of Bacteroidetes and a lower percentage of Firmicutes, with significant differences or a significant trend. The proportion of the S24-7 family was increased significantly in the Sb treatment group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Sb shows an anti-inflammatory effect and has a protective effect on the intestinal mucosal mechanical barrier. Sb may up-regulate the abundance of family S24-7 specifically, and maybe a mechanism underlying its function.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1951-1958, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802776

ABSTRACT

Background@#The effect and mechanism of Saccharomyces boulardii (Sb) in inflammatory bowel disease are unclear. The objective of the study was to evaluate the impact of Sb on intestinal mucosal barrier and intestinal flora in a colitis mouse model.@*Methods@#Forty C57BL/6J male mice were randomly assigned to five groups: normal control group (A), pathologic control group (B), Sb treatment group (C), mesalazine treatment group (D), and Sb combined with mesalazine treatment group (E). Colitis was induced by the addition of 2.5% (wt/vol) dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) in the drinking water ad libitum for 7 days. The general condition, weight change, stool property, and bloody stool level of mice were observed to evaluate the disease activity index. The expression of zona occludens-1 (ZO-1) and occludin in intestinal tissue were measured by immunohistochemistry. The level of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin (IL)-8 in plasma was measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Inter-cellular tight junctions were observed by transmission electron microscopy. The feces and intestinal contents were collected sterilely, and intestinal flora was analyzed by 16S rRNA sequencing.@*Results@#Compared with group B, Sb reduced the disease activity index and histological score of group C (disease activity index: group B 2.708 ± 0.628, group C 1.542 ± 0.616, PBC = 0.005; histological score: group B 9.875 ± 3.271, group C 4.750 ± 1.832, PBC = 0.005) in DSS-induced colitis in mice. Sb exerted a protect effect on the expression of ZO-1 (group B 2.075 ± 1.176, group C 4.225 ± 1.316, PBC = 0.019) and occludin (group B 2.200 ± 0.968, group C 3.525 ± 1.047, PBC = 0.023). Compared with group B, Sb decreased the level of TNF-α and IL-8 of group C (TNF-α: group B 716.323 ± 44.691 ng/L, group C 521.740 ± 90.121 ng/L, PBC = 0.001; IL-8: group B 128.992 ± 11.475 pg/mL, group C 106.283 ± 15.906 pg/mL, PBC = 0.012). Treatment with Sb preserved the tight junctions and ameliorated microvilli and inter-cellular space. Treatment with Sb also showed its own characteristics: a higher percentage of Bacteroidetes and a lower percentage of Firmicutes, with significant differences or a significant trend. The proportion of the S24-7 family was increased significantly in the Sb treatment group.@*Conclusions@#Sb shows an anti-inflammatory effect and has a protective effect on the intestinal mucosal mechanical barrier. Sb may up-regulate the abundance of family S24-7 specifically, and maybe a mechanism underlying its function.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 69-75, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801696

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the therapeutic effect of Kangxianling Decoction on renal fibrosis induced by 5/6 nephrectomization in rats, and discuss its action mechanism. Method: Totally 50 SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group (n=10), sham-operation group (n=10), and 5/6 nephrectomized renal fibrosis model group (n=30). After successful modeling, rats were randomly divided into the model group, Kangxianling group, and Losartan Potassium group. Rats in the Losartan Potassium group were administered with Losartan Potassium by gastrogavage; rats in the Kangxianling group were administered with Kangxianling by gastrogavage. Equal volume of distilled water was administered to rats in the other groups. Rats were sacrificed after 8 weeks of consecutive medication, and then serum creatinine (SCr), urea nitrogen (BUN), 24 hour urine protein (24 h-Pro) were measured in each group. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the renal pathological changes and the score of Kidney damage was made. Masson staining was used to observe the degree of renal fibrosis. Western blot and real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) were used to detect the protein and mRNA expression levels of transforming growth factor (TGF-β1), Smad2, Smad3, and Smad7 in kidneys. Result: As compared with the normal control and sham-operation group, the renal tissue fibrosis, score of kidney damage, SCr, BUN and 24 h-Pro levels were higher in model group (Pβ1, Smad2, and Smad3 (PPPβ1, Smad2, Smad3 were reduced (PPConclusion: Kangxianling decoction could alleviate renal fibrosis by inhibiting TGF-β1/Smad signal pathway.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 63-68, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801695

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of Kangxianling decoction on renal function and expression of extracellular matrix(ECM) in renal tissue of rats with renal fibrosis induced by 5/6 nephrectomy. Method: Totally 50 SD rats were randomly divided into control group (n=7), sham-operation group (n=7), operation group (n=36). The 5/6 nephrectomized renal fibrosis model was established in operation group. After successful modeling, rats were randomly divided into model group, Kangxianling group and losartan potassium group. The losartan potassium group and the Kangxianling group were given losartan potassium (33.3 g·kg-1) and Kangxianling decoction (21 g·kg-1) every day. The control group, sham-operation group and model group were all treated with equal volume of normal saline. Rats were put to death after 24 weeks of consecutive medication, and renal function, 24 h urine volume and 24 h-Pro quantitation of each group were measured. The expressions of collagen Ⅰ(ColⅠ) and ColⅢ in renal tissues were determined by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. Result: Compared with the normal group and sham-operation group, serum creatinine(SCr), blood urea nitrogen(BUN), 24 h urine volume, 24 h-Pro quantitation, renal tissue ColⅠ and ColⅢ expression levels were significantly increased in the model group (PPPConclusion: Kangxianling decoction can down-regulate the expressions of ColⅠ and ColⅢ in kidney tissue, there by inhibiting the accumulation of ECM, and exerting the effect in delaying renal fibrosis and protecting renal function.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 57-62, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801694

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the therapeutic effect of Kangxianling decoction on renal fibrosis induced by 5/6 nephrectomy, and angiotensin converting enzyme-angiotensin Ⅱ-angiotensin Ⅱ 1 receptor (ACE-AngⅡ-AT1R) axis. Method: Totally 50 SD rats were randomly divided into the following groups:control group (n=10), sham-operation group (n=10), 5/6 nephrectomized renal fibrosis model group (n=30). After two weeks, the rats in operation group were divided into the model group, Kangxianling group, and losartan potassium group, n=10 in each group. Rats in losartan potassium group were administered with losartan potassium by gastrogavage, and rats in Kangxianling group were administered with Kangxianling by gastrogavage. Equal volume of saline was administered to rats in the other groups. The rats were put to death after 16 weeks of consecutive medication, and serum creatinine(SCr), blood urea nitrogen(BUN), 24 h urine protein(24 h-Pro) were measured in each group. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes of kidney tissues, and the degree of renal fibrosis was observed by Masson staining. The expressions of ACE1 and AT1R were detected by immunohistochemistry. The protein expression levels of ACE1, AngⅡ and AT1R were determined by Western blot. Result: Compared with control and sham-operation groups, SCr, BUN and 24 h-Pro in model group were significantly increased (PPPPConclusion: Kangxianling decoction can delay the progress of renal fibrosis in 5/6 nephrectomized rats, which is closely related to the inhibition of ACE-AngⅡ-AT1R axis activation.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 51-56, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801693

ABSTRACT

Renal fibrosis is a common pathological change in the later stages of all kidney diseases. It is a multi-cytokine, multi-signal pathway, multi-factor driven chronic kidney disease. It includes renal interstitial fibrosis, tubular sclerosis and glomerular sclerosis, which eventually leads to chronic renal failure. From health through injury to loss of function, the disease process is closely related to the degree of deterioration of renal function and the prognosis of chronic kidney disease. There is no effective western medicine for the treatment of renal fibrosis. Professor HE Liqun from Shuguang Hospital affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine has summarized the Kangxianling decoction through decades of long-term practical experience. It has the effects in strengthening the spleen and replenishing Qi, clearing away dampness and heat, promoting blood circulation and removing phlegm, and strengthening turbidity. It is composed of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma 15 g, Persicae Semen 12 g, Angelicae Sinensis Radix 12 g, Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix 9 g, Rhei Radix et Rhizoma 15 g. Kangxianling can affect the synthesis and secretion of cytokines and inflammatory factors by expanding blood vessels, and can improve renal tubular fibrosis. It has a good multi-channel, multi-target and multi-directional protective effect on renal function. It also can delay the progress of chronic renal fibrosis by significantly alleviating such symptoms as fatigue and edema in patients with chronic renal fibrosis, and reducing serum creatinine, urea nitrogen and urine protein. In this paper, 5/6 nephrectomy, ischemia reperfusion injury, adriamycin-induced nephropathy, unilateral ureteral obstruction and other different modeling methods are listed. The mechanism of Kangxianling decoction in antagonizing renal fibrosis is discussed and summarized, which further provided new ideas and directions for future clinical and scientific research.

13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2556-2562, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687419

ABSTRACT

Two new polypeptides were isolated and purified from the extract of deer bone (constitutive part of Cucumis and Cervus polypeptide injection) by various column chromatography including C₄ 300Å and Sephadex G-50, as well as semipreparative HPLC. Their N-terminal amino acid sequences were identified by De Novo sequencing on the basis of MALDI-TOF-MS data and Explorer™ software. The N-terminal amino acid sequences of polypeptides were identified as NH₂-Gly-Pro-Val-Gly-Pro-Thr-Gly-Pro-Val-Gly-Ala-Ala-Gly-Pro-Ser-Gly-Pro-Asp (Mei18 peptide, 1) and NH₂-Ala-Gly-Pro-Ala-Gly-Pro-Leu-Gly-Pro-Leu-Gly-Pro-Leu-Gly-Pro-Leu-Gly-Pro-Pro-Asp-Ser-Try-Asp (Mei23 peptide, 2), respectively. Mei18 and Mei 23 peptides are new polypeptides.

14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3036-3040, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687349

ABSTRACT

The plants of Chloranthaceae are widely distributed and rich in resources in our country, records of ancient herbs indicaded that various species of plants of Chloranthaceae can be used for medicinal purposes, especially the Sarcandra glabra which with the least toxicity and possessed the function of clearing heat and cooling blood, activating blood to eliminate spots and removing wind and dredging collaterals. Based on the theory of herbage and by the method of consulting the past herbal literature, we summarized and analyzed the medicinal history, distribution characteristics of herbage geography, characteristics of herbage ecology, standard collection situation and the modern toxicology research of Chloranthaceae plants. Therefore we explained the scientificity for selection of medicinal herbs of Chloranthaceae plants, and provided a theoretical and scientific basis for further research of Chloranthaceae plants.

15.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 10-15, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331464

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the therapeutic effect of Yishen Qufeng Shengshi Recipe (, YQSR) in patients with glomerular proteinuria METHODS: A total of 145 patients with glomerular proteinuria were selected and randomly assigned to the treatment group (108 cases) and the control group (37 cases) according to a random number table in a ratio of 3:1. All patients received conventional and symptomatic treatment. In addition, patients in the treatment and control groups were given YQSR (200 mL, twice per day, orally) and losartan (50 mg/d orally), respectively for 6 months. The 24-h urine protein quantity, blood urea nitrogen, and serum creatinine in the two groups were measured at multiple time points before and after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At the end of the study, 5 cases were lost to follow-up in the treatment group and 1 in the control group. Finally, the statistical data included 103 cases in the treatment group and 36 cases in the control group. The total effectiveness after 2, 4, and 6 months was 81.6% (84/103), 87.4% (90/103), and 92.2% (95/103), respectively, in the treatment group and 47.2% (17/36), 55.6% (20/36), and 61.1% (22/36), respectively, in the control group, with significant difference between the two groups (P<0.01 at all observation points). In the treatment group, the curative effect after 6 months was better than that after 2 months (P<0.05). The 24-h urine protein quantity was significantly lower in the treatment group at 3, 4, 5, and 6 months than that in the control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01, respectively) CONCLUSION: YQSR could significantly reduce the amount of glomerular proteinuria in the early stage.</p>

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1013-1017, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700666

ABSTRACT

In terms of the poor evaluation system of graduation theses, which is easy to be influenced by many human factors, we try to establish a more scientific and objective evaluation model and method of graduation thesis quality. Firstly, the index system of graduation thesis quality evaluation model was con-structed , including topic selection , professional knowledge level , data collection capacity , ability to use knowledge, level of guidance teacher, and quality of the paper. Secondly, using expert scoring method, combining Matlab programming and applying AHP, the weight of the quality evaluation elements of gradua-tion thesis was obtained, and the key factors affecting the quality level of graduation thesis were determined. Finally, a discrete Hopfield neural network model for the quality level of graduation thesis was established, and 120 graduation theses were selected for quality level simulation evaluation, and compared with the ideal evaluation results. The results showed that the discrete Hopfield neural network model is correct and it can effectively provide objective, scientific and normative evaluation for the quality of graduation theses.

17.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 556-559, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696859

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the predictive value of multiparametric MRI (mpMRI)for extracapsular extension (ECE)in patients with prostate cancer.Methods The imaging of prostate mpMRI was performed in 52 consecutive patients with prostate cancer,who underwent subsequent radical prostatectomy.MR images were interpreted retrospectively by one experienced radiologist, who was blinded to any clinical details.According to Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System Version 2 (PI-RADS v2),suspecious lesions were graded and recorded.Lesions with PI-RADS≥4 were further categorized in terms of ECE and correlated with radical prostatectomy pathology by using side-by-side comparison.Receiver operating characteristic (ROC)curves were used to calculate accuracy,sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value(PPV)and negative predictive value(NPV),in order to evaluate diagnostic performance of ECE scoring system.Results Totally 55 prostate cancer foci with PI-RADS≥4 were correctly identified by the radiologist.The area under the ROC of ECE score was 0.694 (P=0.013)and ECE score 3 was considered as the best cutoff point with accuracy,sensitivity,specificity,PPV and NPV of 69.3%, 70.4%,67.9%,67.9% and 70.4%,respectively.Conclusion mpMRI is a relatively reliable noninvasive technique for assessment of ECE in clinical practice.

18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1257-1260, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695422

ABSTRACT

·AIM: To explore the effect of different incision phacoemulsification on corneal endothelial function and tear film function in senile cataract (SC) patients. ·METHODS: Totally 90 SC patients (90 eyes) admitted to our hospital were randomly divided into the 2. 2mm group ( n = 47, 47 eyes, 2. 2mm corneal micro - incision phacoemulsification) and the 3. 0mm group ( n= 43, 43 eyes, 3. 0 mm clear corneal micro - incision phacoemulsification). The indexes of corneal endothelial function and tear film function were compared between the two groups before and after operation. ·RESULTS: There was no statistical difference on the average phacoemulsification time (APT), mean effective phacoemulsification time( EPT ),average phacoemulsification energy ( AVE) and preoperative and postoperative intraocular pressure between the two groups (P>0. 05). There were statistical differences on the tear break-up time (BUT), basal tear secretion test (ST-Ⅱ), corneal sodium fluorescein staining (SCSF) score, corneal endothelial cell count, central corneal thickness and the variation coefficient of corneal endothelial cells between the two groups (P<0. 05). At 1wk and 1mo after operation, the BUT in the two groups was significantly lower than that before operation (P<0. 05) while the ST-Ⅱ was significantly higher than that before operation ( P< 0. 05), and the SCSF first increased and then decreased (P < 0. 05 ), and corneal endothelial cell count was significantly lower than that before operation (P<0. 05), and the central corneal thickness and the variation coefficient of corneal endothelial cells significantly increased (P<0. 05). The changed degrees of BUT, ST-Ⅱ, SCSF score, corneal endothelial cell count, central corneal thickness and corneal endothelial cell variation coefficient in the 2. 2mm group were less than those in the 3. 0mm group (P<0. 05). ·CONCLUSION: Phacoemulsification for SC patients can cause some damage in corneal endothelial function and tear film function, and 2. 2mm corneal micro-incision have less damage and faster early recovery.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 596-598, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695257

ABSTRACT

·AIM:To investigate and compare the application of two screening models in the detection of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). ·METHODS: The clinical data of 600 premature infants (1200 eyes) who underwent screening of eye diseases in the Department of Ophthalmology during the period from January 2016 to January 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. The fundus lesions were examined with binocular indirect ophthalmoscope (BIO) and the third generation of wide-angle digital retinal imaging system (RetCam Ⅲ). The examination results and adverse events during operation were statistically analyzed. ·RESULTS:In 1200 eyes of 600 patients,the probabilities of ROP detected by BIO and RetCam Ⅲ were 10.92% and 10.75%, respectively (P>0.05). With BIO as the golden standard, the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of RetCam Ⅲ in examining ROP were 98.67%, 93.13%, 99.35%, 94.57% and 99.16%, respectively. There was no significant difference in the stage of ROP detected by BIO or RetCam Ⅲ (P>0.05). The probabilities of non-ROP lesions examined by BIO and RetCam Ⅲ were 4.83% and 4.58%, respectively (P>0.05). With BIO as the golden standard, the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of RetCam Ⅲ in examining fundus non-ROP diseases were 99.67%, 94.83%, 99.91%, 98.21% and 99.74%, respectively. During the screening of BIO and RetCam Ⅲ,there were 17 cases (2.83%) and 7 cases(1.17%) with adverse events, respectively (P<0.05).·CONCLUSION: The examination results of RetCam Ⅲ are basically the same as those of BIO for ROP and non-ROP diseases. However,RetCam Ⅲ has more advantages in reducing adverse events during operation.

20.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 997-1002, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705647

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the optimal extraction process by a blitzkrieg extractor and the adsorption separation by macro-porous resin for chlorogenic acid in Lonicera macranthoides. Methods: The transfer rate of chlorogenic acid was used as the main as-sessment index, the response surface test was adopted to optimize the main influencing factors in the extraction process by a blitzkrieg extractor for chlorogenic acid in Lonicera macranthoides. The transfer rate and the product purity of chlorogenic acid were used as the main assessment indices, the water extract solution of Lonicera macranthoides was used as the raw material, single factor test was adopt-ed to optimize the main influencing factors in the adsorption separation process by a macroporous resin for chlorogenic acid in Lonicera macranthoides. Results: The optimum conditions of the extraction process by a blitzkrieg extractor and the adsorption separation by a macroporous resin for chlorogenic acid in Lonicera macranthoides were as follows: the solid-liquid ratio was 1 : 23, the extraction time was 4. 7 min, the rotating speed was 6 000 r·min-1, the type of macroporous resin was ADS-7, the amount ratio of medicinal materi-als to macroporous resin was 1: 5, the flow rate of sample solution was 1 BV·h-1, the macroporous resin column was eluted by 1 BV water at the speed of 1 BV·h-1followed by 6 BV 20% ethanol solution at the speed of 2 BV·h-1, and the eluent of 20% ethanol so-lution was collected. The average transfer rate of chlorogenic acid was 90. 12% (RSD=1. 33% ) with the purity of 50. 30% (RSD=2. 19% ). Conclusion: A new route of the extraction process by a blitzkrieg extractor and the adsorption separation by a macroporous resin for chlorogenic acid in Lonicera macranthoides has established through the optimization and verification experiments. The process with high transfer rate of chlorogenic acid (the purity of chlorogenic acid product was over 50% ) is fast, and the solvent is healthy and easy to recycle.

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