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1.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 17(4): 592-598, out.-dez. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-763228

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACTIn this study, ethanol-water extracts of pequi fruit peel were fractionated in order to identify and quantify the major antioxidant present in it. The fractions were subjected to liquid-liquid phase extraction and silica-gel column chromatography, and antioxidant activity was monitored using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical-scavenging assay. The purity of the fractions was evaluated using thin-layer chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The substance with antioxidant property was identified through the analysis in a liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy fragmentation and was quantified using HPLC. After the Silica-gel fractionation, it was identified a fraction with high antioxidant activity and purity, which contained gallic acid as the main compound. The gallic acid was found at the amount of 26.54 ± 1.13 mg/g of the dry mass of the pequi fruit peel. Because the quantifications were performed using crude ethanol-water extract, it was suspected that gallic acid was present in a free form. Thus, pequi fruit peel may serve as an attractive alternative of feedstock for natural antioxidant production. Moreover, the results obtained in this study emphasize the value of the pequi plant, and suggests improved opportunities for families that use this fruit`s products.


RESUMOExtratos hidroetanólicos da casca do fruto do pequi foram fracionados a fim de identificar e quantificar o principal antioxidante presente. Frações do extrato foram submetidas ao particionamento líquido-líquido e fracionamento em coluna de sílica gel. As atividades antioxidantes das frações foram monitoradas usando ensaio de redução do radical 2,2-difenil-1-picrilhidrazila e a pureza das frações foi avaliada em cromatografia de camada delgada e cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (CLAE). A substância com propriedades antioxidantes foi identificada através da análise em sistema de cromatografia líquida associada à espectrometria de massas e foi quantificada em HPLC. Após o fracionamento identificou-se uma fração com alta atividade antioxidante e pureza, contendo ácido gálico como o composto principal. Ácido gálico foi encontrado em concentrações de 26,54 ± 1,13 mg/g de massa seca. Devido às quantificações terem sido realizadas no extrato hidroetanólico bruto, acredita-se que o ácido gálico esteja presente na forma livre. Assim, a casca do fruto pequi pode servir como interessante alternativa de matéria prima para a produção desse antioxidante natural. Além disso, esse resultado enfatiza o valor da planta do pequi e sugere oportunidades para as famílias que utilizam produtos de pequi.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants/pharmacology , Ericales/metabolism , Biological Products/classification , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/instrumentation , Plant Extracts/analysis
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 46(2): 164-170, 01/fev. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-668777

ABSTRACT

Myosin Va functions as a processive, actin-based motor molecule highly enriched in the nervous system, which transports and/or tethers organelles, vesicles, and mRNA and protein translation machinery. Mutation of myosin Va leads to Griscelli disease that is associated with severe neurological deficits and a short life span. Despite playing a critical role in development, the expression of myosin Va in the central nervous system throughout the human life span has not been reported. To address this issue, the cerebellar expression of myosin Va from newborns to elderly humans was studied by immunohistochemistry using an affinity-purified anti-myosin Va antibody. Myosin Va was expressed at all ages from the 10th postnatal day to the 98th year of life, in molecular, Purkinje and granular cerebellar layers. Cerebellar myosin Va expression did not differ essentially in localization or intensity from childhood to old age, except during the postnatal developmental period. Structures resembling granules and climbing fibers in Purkinje cells were deeply stained. In dentate neurons, long processes were deeply stained by anti-myosin Va, as were punctate nuclear structures. During the first postnatal year, myosin Va was differentially expressed in the external granular layer (EGL). In the EGL, proliferating prospective granule cells were not stained by anti-myosin Va antibody. In contrast, premigratory granule cells in the EGL stained moderately. Granule cells exhibiting a migratory profile in the molecular layer were also moderately stained. In conclusion, neuronal myosin Va is developmentally regulated, and appears to be required for cerebellar function from early postnatal life to senescence.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Young Adult , Cerebellum/metabolism , Myosin Type V/metabolism , Age Factors , Cadaver , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel , Immunoblotting , Immunohistochemistry
3.
Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl ; 26(2): 145-148, 2005. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-428174

ABSTRACT

The aim of this research was to evaluate the susceptibility profile of Pseudomonas spp. and the prevalence of bacterial samples isolated from horizontal surfaces surrounding wash-basins used by dentists in several adjoined consulting-rooms, at points next to and at a distance from the basin, before and after surgical procedures. Our results showed a high percentage of Gram-positive cocci and Gram-negative bacilli; 34.66% were Staphylococcus spp. and 30.12% were non-fermentative Gram-negative bacilli among which Pseudomonas spp. (40.90%) was the commonest genus. Analysis of the susceptibility profile of Pseudomonas spp. isolates by determining the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 14 antibiotics showed a great variation among the strains and high rates of resistance to cefazolin, ceftazidime and aztreonan. Of the 14 antibiotics tested, 59.03% were found to be active against all the environmental isolates. Strains were resistant to aztreonan (62.82%), while susceptibility to third generation cephalosporins was variable


Subject(s)
Gram-Negative Bacteria , Gram-Negative Bacteria/isolation & purification , Gram-Positive Bacteria , Gram-Positive Bacteria/isolation & purification , Dental Offices , Pseudomonas Infections/epidemiology , Pseudomonas aeruginosa
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