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Pakistan Oral and Dental Journal. 2015; 35 (2): 329-331
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-170077


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of various Kennedy's classes in partially edentulous patients visiting dental OPD Hyderabad/Jamshoro. A Descriptive study was conducted at Department of Prosthodontics, Liaquat University of medical and health sciences Jamshoro/Hyderabad, Sindh from Jan 2013 to June 2013. Three hundred patients who were fulfilling the inclusion criteria were included in the study. Detailed Clinical examination of the patients were done and recorded in proforma. Out of 300 patients included in this study 173 were male [57.66%] and 127 patients were female [42.33%]; with male to female ratio of 1.3:1. There was wide variation of age ranging from a minimum of 15 year to 75 years. The mean age was 47 +/- 7.8 years. Clinical examination of patients revealed mostly teeth missing in mandibular arch 180 [60%] patients, while in maxillary arch 120[40%] patients. The most common site of missing teeth in our study was left side in 128[42.66%] cases, followed by right side in 144[38%] cases and anterior site in 58[19.33%] cases. Our study revealed class-I in 97[32.33%] cases, class-II in 47[15.66%] cases, class-III in 99[33%] cases and class-IV in 57[19%]. In conclusion, the partially edentulous condition exists common incidence in the in the mandibular as compared with maxillary arch. Kennedy's Class I and III remains the most common [33% and 32.33%] classification

Professional Medical Journal-Quarterly [The]. 2015; 22 (12): 1612-1616
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-179752


For successful endodontic outcome, accurate working length has to be determined. Even with improved systems of working length [WL] measurement, different readings may be recorded in different electrolytes present in the canal

Methodology: total 90 patients were selected for this prospective in vivo study resented at Department of Operative Dentistry, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, during 6 months i.e. from 1[st] Sep 2014 to 28[th] Feb 2015, with single rooted permanent mandibular first premolars with matured apices. After extirpated pulp tissue a file was inserted in the canal and WL was obtained by radiograph as well as by electronic apex locator [EAL]. The measurements determined by both methods were compared by applying paired sample t-test. SPSS 18 was used for data analysis

Results: among 90 subjects 37 were males. Mean +/- SD WL obtained radiographically was 19.8 +/- 1.03-m whereas mean +/- SD WL obtained electronically was 18.9 +/- 1.05 mm. Mean difference between measurements of both methods was 0.87-mm, which was statistically significant [P <0.05]

Conclusion: the electronic apex locator was better than the radiograph in determining working length of root canal at statistically significant level

Pakistan Oral and Dental Journal. 2013; 33 (2): 244-248
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-147819


The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of chlorhexidine [CHX] and amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid combination with control and Chlorhexidine CHX rinse alone for prevention of alveolar ostitis following the extraction of mandibular third molar. This clinical double blind randomized control trial was carried out in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Liaquat University Hospital, Hyderabad for a period of two years from February 2008 to December 2009. A total of 214 patients were included in the study using non- probability purposive sampling technique. Informed consent was taken for participation in study and all treatment options, risks, benefits and complications were discussed before any intervention. The study was approved by university ethical review committee. All the patients were randomly divided into three groups by using random number table. After written informed consent extraction of 3[rd] mandibular molar was performed. Group 1 rinsed with 15 ml of 0.2% Chlorhexidine solution for 30 seconds twice daily for seven days. Group 2 patients in addition to 0.2% Chlorhexidine solution were prescribed Augmentin [amoxicillin trihydrate 500 mg plus, clavulanic acid [125 mg]] twice daily for 7 days. The patients of Group 3 used normal saline solution [0.09% NaCl]. Patients were scheduled on third and seventh day postoperatively for postoperative follow-up and were evaluated for the presence or absence of alveolar osteitis. The diagnosis of alveolar osteitis was made on the basis of collaborative clinical and subjective findings. The results of this study showed significant reduction in the incidence of alveolar osteitis in patients who received 0.2% CHX rinse in combination with oral amoxicillin and clavulanic acid

Indian J Physiol Pharmacol ; 2005 Jul-Sep; 49(3): 358-62
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-108525


Oxidative stress contributes to the process of aging as well as a variety of chronic degenerative diseases. There are indications that psychological stress increases oxidative stress whereas relaxation decreases it. We have measured the concentration of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in blood as an indicator of oxidative stress at the beginning and at the end of a comprehensive yoga-based lifestyle modification program (YLMP). The data was collected from 104 subjects (59 male, 45 female), 19-71 years of age (mean +/- SD, 41.2 +/- 14.6 years). The YLMP consisted of a nine-day educational out-patient course on the theory and practice of yoga and included, besides a daily one-hour practice of physical postures (asanas) and breathing exercises (pranayama), lecture and films on yoga, stress management and nutrition, practice of meditation and shavasana (a relaxation technique), and individual counseling. Venous blood samples were collected on the first and last day of the course. The serum concentration of TBARS decreased significantly from 1.72 +/- 0.72 nmoles/ml on day 1 to 1.57 +/- 0.72 nmoles/ml on day 10 (P<0.05). The study suggests that a brief low cost lifestyle intervention based on yoga reduces oxidative stress.

Adult , Aged , Aging/blood , Asthma/metabolism , Breathing Exercises , Coronary Artery Disease/metabolism , Female , Humans , Hypertension/metabolism , Life Style , Lipid Peroxidation , Male , Middle Aged , Oxidative Stress , Patient Education as Topic , Posture , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis , Yoga