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1.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 773-782, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008131

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the cell subsets and characteristics related to the prognosis of osteosarcoma by analyzing the cellular composition of tumor tissue samples from different osteosarcoma patients.Methods The single-cell sequencing data and bulk sequencing data of different osteosarcoma patients were downloaded.We extracted the information of cell samples for dimensionality reduction,annotation,and cell function analysis,so as to identify the cell subsets and clarify the cell characteristics related to the prognosis of osteosarcoma.The development trajectory of macrophages with prognostic significance was analyzed,and the prognostic model of osteosarcoma was established based on the differentially expressed genes of macrophage differentiation.Results The cellular composition presented heterogeneity in the patients with osteosarcoma.The infiltration of mononuclear phagocytes in osteosarcoma had prognostic significance(P=0.003).Four macrophage subsets were associated with prognosis,and their signature transcription factors included RUNX3(+),ETS1(+),HOXD11(+),ZNF281(+),and PRRX1(+).Prog_Macro2 and Prog_Macro4 were located at the end of the developmental trajectory,and the prognostic ability of macrophage subsets increased with the progression of osteosarcoma.The prognostic model established based on the differentially expressed genes involved in macrophage differentiation can distinguish the survival rate of osteosarcoma patients with different risks(P<0.001).Conclusion Macrophage subsets are closely related to the prognosis of osteosarcoma and can be used as the key target cells for the immunotherapy of osteosarcoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Osteosarcoma/genetics , Immunotherapy , Macrophages , Transcription Factors , Bone Neoplasms/genetics , Homeodomain Proteins , Repressor Proteins
2.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 480-493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985953

ABSTRACT

We wished to establish an expert consensus on late stage of critical care (CC) management. The panel comprised 13 experts in CC medicine. Each statement was assessed based on the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) principle. Then, the Delphi method was adopted by 17 experts to reassess the following 28 statements. (1) ESCAPE has evolved from a strategy of delirium management to a strategy of late stage of CC management. (2) The new version of ESCAPE is a strategy for optimizing treatment and comprehensive care of critically ill patients (CIPs) after the rescue period, including early mobilization, early rehabilitation, nutritional support, sleep management, mental assessment, cognitive-function training, emotional support, and optimizing sedation and analgesia. (3) Disease assessment to determine the starting point of early mobilization, early rehabilitation, and early enteral nutrition. (4) Early mobilization has synergistic effects upon the recovery of organ function. (5) Early functional exercise and rehabilitation are important means to promote CIP recovery, and gives them a sense of future prospects. (6) Timely start of enteral nutrition is conducive to early mobilization and early rehabilitation. (7) The spontaneous breathing test should be started as soon as possible, and a weaning plan should be selected step-by-step. (8) The waking process of CIPs should be realized in a planned and purposeful way. (9) Establishment of a sleep-wake rhythm is the key to sleep management in post-CC management. (10) The spontaneous awakening trial, spontaneous breathing trial, and sleep management should be carried out together. (11) The depth of sedation should be adjusted dynamically in the late stage of CC period. (12) Standardized sedation assessment is the premise of rational sedation. (13) Appropriate sedative drugs should be selected according to the objectives of sedation and drug characteristics. (14) A goal-directed minimization strategy for sedation should be implemented. (15) The principle of analgesia must be mastered first. (16) Subjective assessment is preferred for analgesia assessment. (17) Opioid-based analgesic strategies should be selected step-by-step according to the characteristics of different drugs. (18) There must be rational use of non-opioid analgesics and non-drug-based analgesic measures. (19) Pay attention to evaluation of the psychological status of CIPs. (20) Cognitive function in CIPs cannot be ignored. (21) Delirium management should be based on non-drug-based measures and rational use of drugs. (22) Reset treatment can be considered for severe delirium. (23) Psychological assessment should be conducted as early as possible to screen-out high-risk groups with post-traumatic stress disorder. (24) Emotional support, flexible visiting, and environment management are important components of humanistic management in the intensive care unit (ICU). (25) Emotional support from medical teams and families should be promoted through"ICU diaries"and other forms. (26) Environmental management should be carried out by enriching environmental content, limiting environmental interference, and optimizing the environmental atmosphere. (27) Reasonable promotion of flexible visitation should be done on the basis of prevention of nosocomial infection. (28) ESCAPE is an excellent project for late stage of CC management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Critical Care/methods , Intensive Care Units , Pain/drug therapy , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Delirium/therapy , Critical Illness
3.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 631-643, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933474

ABSTRACT

Critical ultrasonography is widely used in ICU and has become an indispensable tool for clinicians. However, besides operator-dependency of critical ultrasonography, lack of standardized training mainly result in the physicians′ heterogenous ultrasonic skill. Therefore, standardized training as well as strict quality control plays the key role in the development of critical ultrasonography. We present this quality control standards to promote better development of critical ultrasonography.

4.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 752-759, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936373

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the protective effect of fucoxanthin (FX) against diabetic cardiomyopathy and explore the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#Rat models of diabetes mellitus (DM) induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg) were randomized into DM model group, fucoxanthin treatment (DM+FX) group and metformin treatment (DM+ Met) group, and normal rats with normal feeding served as the control group. In the two treatment groups, fucoxanthin and metformin were administered after modeling by gavage at the daily dose of 200 mg/kg and 230 mg/kg, respectively for 12 weeks, and the rats in the DM model group were given saline only. HE staining was used to examine the area of cardiac myocyte hypertrophy in each group. The expression levels of fibrotic proteins TGF-β1 and FN proteins in rat hearts were detected with Western blotting. In the cell experiment, the effect of 1 μmol/L FX on H9C2 cell hypertrophy induced by exposure to high glucose (HG, 45 mmol/L) was evaluated using FITC-labeled phalloidin. The mRNA expression levels of the hypertrophic factors ANP, BNP and β-MHC in H9C2 cells were detected using qRT-PCR. The protein expressions of Nrf2, Keap1, HO-1 and SOD1 proteins in rat heart tissues and H9C2 cells were determined using Western blotting. The DCFH-DA probe was used to detect the intracellular production of reactive oxygen species (ROS).@*RESULTS@#In the diabetic rats, fucoxanthin treatment obviously alleviated cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis, increased the protein expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1, and decreased the protein expressions of Keap1 in the heart tissue (P < 0.05). In H9C2 cells with HG exposure, fucoxanthin significantly inhibited the enlargement of cell surface area, lowered the mRNA expression levels of ANP, BNP and β-MHC (P < 0.05), promoted Nrf2 translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, and up-regulated the protein expressions its downstream targets SOD1 and HO-1 (P < 0.05) to enhance cellular antioxidant capacity and reduce intracellular ROS production.@*CONCLUSION@#Fucoxanthin possesses strong inhibitory activities against diabetic cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis and is capable of up-regulating Nrf2 signaling to promote the expression of its downstream antioxidant proteins SOD1 and HO-1 to reduce the level of ROS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Antioxidants/metabolism , Atrial Natriuretic Factor/pharmacology , Cardiomegaly , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Fibrosis , Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1/metabolism , Metformin , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase-1/pharmacology , Xanthophylls
5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 1059-1064, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908630

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the stability of anterior chamber following implantable collamer lens (ICL) V4c implantation for one year in moderate and high myopic eyes.Methods:An observational case series study was conducted.Medical data of 19 patients (37 eyes) who received ICL V4c implantation in Xuzhou First People's Hospital from March 2016 to October 2017 were collected.The patients were 20 to 29 years old, with the preoperative spherical equivalent (SE) of -5.875 to -15.750 D, with an average of (-9.743±3.220)D.All eyes were followed up for one year, and the changes of visual acuity, SE and intraocular pressure were observed.Pentacam anterior eye segment analyzer was used to measure the anterior chamber depth (ACD), anterior chamber volume (ACV) and anterior chamber angle (ACA) before operation and at 1 month, 6 months and 1 year after operation, and to evaluate the vaults of the ICL V4c at different time points after implantation.This study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of Xuzhou First People's Hospital (No.xxy11[2015]-XJS-004). Written informed consent was obtained from each subject.Results:There were statistically significant differences in visual acuity between before and after operation ( F=5.057, P=0.007), and the one-year postoperative uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) was significantly better than the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) before operation ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in SE and intraocular pressure among different time points ( F=1.294, 1.302; both at P>0.05). There were significant differences in ACD, ACV and ACA among different time points ( F=44.811, 889.971, 196.096; all at P<0.001). ACD, ACV and ACA at 1 month, 6 months and 1 year after operation were significantly lower than those before operation (all at P<0.001). There was a significant difference in the 1-month, 6-month and 1-year postoperative ICL vault ( F=7.256, P=0.001). The ICL vault at 1 year after operation was (433.784±168.550)μm, which was significantly decreased in comparison with (484.860±183.634)μm at 1 month and (464.351±170.167)μm at 6 months after operation ( P=0.006, 0.041). Conclusions:The anterior chamber is stable in one year after ICL V4c implantation, and the UCVA is better than preoperative BCVA.ICL V4c is safe and effective for moderate and high myopia.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 151-160, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906124

ABSTRACT

Objective:To reveal the effective components, targets and possible mechanisms of Qinggan Huayu granules in the treatment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and liver cancer based on network pharmacology and experimental verification, and to provide a basis for its rational interpretation of treating different diseases with same method for NAFLD and liver cancer. Method:Based on databases of traditional Chinese medicine and disease, the network pharmacology was used to screen main active compounds and potential targets of Qinggan Huayu granules for NAFLD and liver cancer. STRING 11.0 was used to analyze the interaction between potential targets. The core targets were selected from the interaction targets by cytoHubba plug-in. The gene ontology (GO) function and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were performed on the target by Metascape database. At the same time, <italic>in vitro</italic> experiments were conducted to validate the effect of kaempferol, one of the main active ingredients of Qinggan Huayu granules, on hepatocellular carcinoma cell model and NAFLD cell model. Result:A total of 43 potential targets of Qinggan Huayu granules for for NAFLD and liver cancer were screened, corresponding to 136 active ingredients in 8 herbal medicines. Through enrichment analysis of potential targets, there were 20 biological processes, 13 molecular functions, 9 cellular components and 15 signaling pathways. Qinggan Huayu granules regulated biological behaviors of tumors related to liver cancer and NAFLD (such as apoptosis inhibition and oxidative stress) mainly through kaempferol, quercetin, luteolin and other active ingredients for Caspase-3 (CASP3), tumor protein p53 (TP53), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) and other hub genes. <italic>In vitro</italic> experiments revealed that kaempferol could inhibit cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner in hepatocellular carcinoma cell model. And kaempferol could modulate the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx), which were the molecular markers of oxidative stress of NAFLD cell model. Kaempfero also regulated the expression level of CASP3 in hepatocellular carcinoma cell model and NAFLD cell model. Conclusion:The main mechanism of Qinggan Huayu granules in treating liver cancer and NAFLD with concept of treating different diseases with same method is related to systematic synergy effect of multiple compounds (represented by quercetin, luteolin and kaempferol), multiple targets (represented by VEGFA, TP53 and CASP3) and multiple signaling pathways (represented by oxidative stress and cell apoptosis).

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 413-417, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910331

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a random forest classification model of DNA double strand breaks (DSB) induced by ionizing radiation and investigate the genome-wide distribution of DSB.Methods:The GRCh38 reference genome was divided into 50 kilobase fragments. Then these genomic fragments were separated into low-level or high-level regions of ionizing radiation-induced DSB according to the sequencing data of MCF-7 cells. The data of eight epigenetic features were used as input. Two thirds of the data were randomly assigned to the training set, and the rest of the data was assigned to the test set. A random forest classification model with 100 decision trees was constructed. The importance of epigenetic features in the classification model was analyzed and displayed.Results:The accuracy score of the random forest classification model on the test set was 99.4%, the precision score was 98.9% and the recall score was 99.9%. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.994. Among the eight epigenetic features, H3K36me3 and DNase markers were the most important variables. The enrichments of the two markers in DSB high-level regions were much higher than those in DSB low-level regions.Conclusions:The random forest classification model could precisely predict the genome-wide levels of DSB induced by ionizing radiation in the 50 kilobase window based on epigenetic features. Analysis revealed that these DSB might primarily distribute in the actively transcribed sites in the genome.

8.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 677-688, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870185

ABSTRACT

Severe patients with coronaviras disease 2019 (COVID-19) are characterized by persistent lung damage, causing respiratory failure, secondary circulatory changes and multiple organ dysfunction after virus invasion. Because of its dynamic, real-time, non-invasive, repeatable and other advantages, critical ultrasonography can be widely used in the diagnosis, assessment and guidance of treatment for severe patients. Based on the recommendations of critical care experts from all over the country who fight against the epidemic in Wuhan, this article summarizes the guidelines for the treatment of COVID-19 based on critical ultrasonography, hoping to provide help for the treatment of severe patients. The recommendations mainly cover the following aspects: (1) lung ultrasound in patients with COVID-19 is mainly manifested by thickened and irregular pleural lines, different types of B-lines, shred signs, and other consolidation like dynamic air bronchogram; (2) Echocardiography may show right heart dysfunction, diffuse cardiac function enhancement, stress cardiomyopathy, diffuse cardiac depression and other multiple abnormalities; (3) Critical ultrasonography helps with initiating early treatment in the suspect patient, screening confirmed patients after intensive care unit admission, early assessment of sudden critical events, rapid grading assessment and treatment based on it; (4) Critical ultrasonography helps to quickly screen for the etiology of respiratory failure in patients with COVID-19, make oxygen therapeutic strategy, guide the implementation of lung protective ventilation, graded management and precise off-ventilator; (5) Critical ultrasonography is helpful for assessing the circulatory status of patients with COVID-19, finding chronic cardiopulmonary diseases and guiding extracorporeal membrane oxygenation management; (6) Critical ultrasonography contributes to the management of organs besides based on cardiopulmonary oxygen transport; (7) Critical ultrasonography can help to improve the success of operation; (8) Critical ultrasonography can help to improve the safety and quality of nursing; (9) When performing critical ultrasonography for patients with COVID-19, it needs to implement three-level protection standard, pay attention to disinfect the machine and strictly obey the rules from nosocomial infection. (10) Telemedicine and artificial intelligence centered on critical ultrasonography may help to improve the efficiency of treatment for the patients with COVID-19. In the face of the global spread of the epidemic, all we can do is to share experience, build a defense line, We hope this recommendations can help COVID-19 patients therapy.

9.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 519-524, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941843

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether craving and demographic factors to predict relapse in alcohol dependence.@*METHODS@#This study was a prospective cohort study. From August 2017 to August 2018, 158 Han male inpatients who met the diagnositic and statistical manual disorders-fourth version(DSM-IV) alcohol dependence diagnostic criteria were recruited from three mental hospitals in China. The participants were interviewed at baseline and followed up by telephone after 3 months for assessment. The baseline assessment after the acute withdrawal period included demographic data and alcohol-related data, clinical institute withdrawal assessment-advanced revised (CIWA-Ar), withdrawal and cue-induced craving on visual analog scale (VAS), Michigan alcoholism screening test (MAST), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS), self-rating depression scale (SDS) and alcohol urge questionnaire (AUQ). According to the follow-up results, "relapse" was defined as the consumption of beverages containing ethanol at any time during the follow-up study, and "time to relapse" was defined as the number of days from the first drinking to the baseline. Whether relapse occurred and the time to relapse were the primary endpoints. Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to analyze the factors affecting the relapse of alcohol dependence.@*RESULTS@#In the study, 158 alcohol dependence patients were finally included, age from 21 to 60 years, with the mean age of (40.31±9.14) years. The relapse rate was 63.7% three months after baseline assessment. According to Cox univariate analysis and multivariate analysis, the age (OR=0.975, P=0.030) and CIWA-Ar scores (OR=1.126, P=0.010) significantly predicted relapse. And there was no significant difference in education level, marital status, withdrawal and cue-induced craving on VAS, SAS and SDS between the relapse group and the non-relapse group (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Age and severity of alcohol-dependent withdrawal symptoms during hospitalization are significantly related to relapse for alcohol in alcohol-dependent patients. To be exact, the older age is a protective factor, that is to say, the younger patients are prone to relapse, while the risk of relapse is raised by the higher severity of withdrawal symptoms. However, neither cue-induced nor withdrawal craving can predict relapse of alcohol-dependent patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Alcoholism , China , Follow-Up Studies , Prospective Studies , Recurrence
10.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 869-882, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799870

ABSTRACT

Transesophageal echocardiography(TEE) is valuable in intensive care unit (ICU) because its application meets the requirements of diagnosis and treatment of critically ill patients.However, the current application has not fully adapted to the specialty of critical care. TEE could be more valuablein ICU when used with a new way that under the guidance of the theory of critical care and embedded into the treatment workflow. We have expanded and improved the application of traditional TEE and integrated the concept of critical care, established the concept of transesophageal echocardiography for critical care (TEECC). Chinese Critical Ultrasound Study Group (CCUSG) organized experts in the area to form the consensus based the previous studiesand the long term practice of critical care ultrasound and TEE, aiming at clarifying the nature and characteristics of TEECC, promoting the rational and standardized clinical application and the coming researches.The consensus of Chinese experts on clinical application of TEECC (2019) were 33 in total, of whichthe main items were as follows: (1) TEECC is a significant means, which is expanded and improved from the traditional transesophageal echocardiography according to characteristics of critically ill patients and is applied in ICU based on critically clinical scenarios and requirements by the critical care physician, to promote visualized, refined and precisely management of critically ill patients.(2) TEE possesses distinctive superiority in implementation in ICU. It has characteristics of images with good quality, operations with good stability and low-dependent of operators, monitoring with continuity, and visualization with all-dimensional and detail of heart and blood vessels.(3)As a means of refined monitoring that could resulted in precise diagnosis and treatment, TEECC expands the dimension of intensive monitoring and improves the performance of critical care. (4) Indications of TEECC application include clinical etiological searching and invasive procedures guiding when it acted as a traditional role; and also refined hemodynamic monitoring based on critical care rationale and over-all management under specific critical clinical scenarios. (5) TEE and TTE assessments are complementary; they are not alternative. Integrated assessment of TTE and TEE is required under many critical clinical scenarios.(6) TEE should be a necessary configuration in ICU. (7) All-round and significant information regarding to the mechanism of acute circulatory disorders can be provided by TEECC; it is a non-substitutable means of identifying the causes of shock under some special clinical scenarios. (8) Focal extracardiac hematoma can be accurately and rapidly detected by TEE in patients with open-thoracic cardiac surgery or severe chest trauma when highly suspected pericardial tamponade.(9) The priority of pathophysiologic mechanism of septic shock can be rapidly and accurately identified by TEE; even if its pathophysiological changes are complex, including hypovolemia and/or vasospasm and/or left and right heart dysfunction. (10) Causes of hemodynamic disorders can be rapidly and qualitatively evaluated so that the orientation of treatment can be clarified by TEECC. (11) A full range of quantitative indicators for refined hemodynamic management in critically ill patients can be provided by TEECC. (12) TEECC helps to accurately assess volume status and predict fluid responsiveness.(13) TEECC is specially suitable for accurate quantitative assessment of cardiac function.(14) Mini TEE provides long-term continuous hemodynamic monitoring. (15) Standard views are easy to be acquired by TEECC, which is a premise for accurate and repeatable measurements, and a guarantee for assessment of effect and risk of therapy. (16) Compared with invasive hemodynamic monitoring, TEECC is minimally invasive, with low infection risk and high safety.(17) In patients with acute cor pulmonale (ACP) under condition of right ventricular dysfunction and low cardiac output, TEECC is a key tool for assessment. (18) TEECC should be implemented actively when suspicious of left to right shunt in critically ill patients who occurred hypotension that hard to explain the cause. (19) TEECC should be implemented actively when suspicious of right to left shunt in critically ill patients who occurred hypoxemia that hard to explain the cause. (20) TEECC is preferred in hemodynamics monitoring under prone position of ventilated patients.(21) TEECC is an imperative means to achieve over-all management of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy, especially for all-round hemodynamic monitoring. (22) Three basic views is recommended to be used to simplify TEE assessment during cardiac arrest so that reversible causes could be identified, and resuscitation could be guided. (23) The flow related echodynamic evaluation (TEECC-FREE) workflow is preferred in refined hemodynamics monitoring and therapy. (24) Simple workflow of TEECC could be implemented in special critical clinical scenarios. (25) Application of TEECC is highly secure; however, impairments of procedure should also be alert by operators. (26) Pitfalls in application of TEE should be paid attention to by the critical care physician. (27) Timely and rationally application of TEECC is in favor of diagnosis and treatment of critically ill patients and may improve the prognosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 78-82, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837671

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the effect of niclosamide on thyroid endocrine disruption in larval zebrafish. Methods Zebrafish embryos (2 hours post-fertilization) were exposed to niclosamide at concentrations of 0, 5, 10, 20, 40 μg/L and 80 μg/L until 120 hours post-fertilization, and the body weight, hatching rate, malformation rate and survival rate of zebrafish embryos/larvae were measured. In addition, the triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxin (T4) activities were determined in zebrafish, and the expression of tshβ and ttr genes that were associated with the regulation of thyroid hormones was quantified using a quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay. Results Following exposure to niclosamide, there was no concentration-dependent hatching rate (F = 0.947, P = 0.924) or body weight of larval zebrafish (F = 1.042, P = 0.409); however, there were concentration-dependent survival rate (F = 9.309, P = 0.005) and malformation rate (F = 14.900, P = 0.001). As compared to controls, exposure to niclosamide at concentrations of 40 μg/L and 80 μg/L resulted in a significant reduction in the survival rate (both P values < 0.05), and a marked rise in the malformation rate of larval zebrafish (both P values < 0.05). In addition, the T4 activity increased (R2 = 0.927, F = 6.858, P = 0.003) and T3 activity decreased (R2 = 0.925, F = 8.212, P = 0.001) in larval zebrafish with the concentration of niclosamide. qPCR assay determined up-regulation of tshβ gene expression (R2 = 0.840, F = 9.032, P = 0.002) and down-regulation of ttr gene expression (R2 = 0.952, F = 9.130, P = 0.002). Conclusions Niclosamide exposure at environmental related concentrations may cause thyroid endocrine disruption of larval zebrafish.

12.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 108-118, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734705

ABSTRACT

To establish the experts consensus on the management of delirium in critically ill patients.A special committee was set up by 15 experts from the Chinese Critical Hypothermia-Sedation Therapy Study Group.Each statement was assessed based on the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment,Development,and Evaluation) principle.Then the Delphi method was adopted by 36 experts to reassess all the statements.(1) Delirium is not only a mental change,but also a clinical syndrome with multiple pathophysiological changes.(2) Delirium is a form of disturbance of consciousness and a manifestation of abnormal brain function.(3) Pain is a common cause of delirium in critically ill patients.Analgesia can reduce the occurrence and development of delirium.(4) Anxiety or depression are important factors for delirium in critically ill patients.(5) The correlation between sedative and analgesic drugs and delirium is uncertain.(6) Pay attention to the relationship between delirium and withdrawal reactions.(7) Pay attention to the relationship between delirium and drug dependence/ withdrawal reactions.(8) Sleep disruption can induce delirium.(9) We should be vigilant against potential risk factors for persistent or recurrent delirium.(10) Critically illness related delirium can affect the diagnosis and treatment of primary diseases,and can also be alleviated with the improvement of primary diseases.(11) Acute change of consciousness and attention deficit are necessary for delirium diagnosis.(12) The combined assessment of confusion assessment method for the intensive care unit and intensive care delirium screening checklist can improve the sensitivity of delirium,especially subclinical delirium.(13) Early identification and intervention of subclinical delirium can reduce its risk of clinical delirium.(14) Daily assessment is helpful for early detection of delirium.(15) Hopoactive delirium and mixed delirium are common and should be emphasized.(16) Delirium may be accompanied by changes in electroencephalogram.Bedside electroencephalogram monitoring should be used in the ICU if conditions warrant.(17) Pay attention to differential diagnosis of delirium and dementia/depression.(18) Pay attention to the role of rapid delirium screening method in delirium management.(19) Assessment of the severity of delirium is an essential part of the diagnosis of delirium.(20) The key to the management of delirium is etiological treatment.(21) Improving environmental factors and making patient comfort can help reduce delirium.(22) Early exercise can reduce the incidence of delirium and shorten the duration of delirium.(23) Communication with patients should be emphasized and strengthened.Family members participation can help reduce the incidence of delirium and promote the recovery of delirium.(24) Pay attention to the role of sleep management in the prevention and treatment of delirium.(25) Dexmedetomidine can shorten the duration of hyperactive delirium or prevent delirium.(26) When using antipsychotics to treat delirium,we should be alert to its effect on the heart rhythm.(27) Delirium management should pay attention to brain functional exercise.(28) Compared with non-critically illness related delirium,the relief of critically illness related delirium will not accomplished at one stroke.(29) Multiple management strategies such as ABCDEF,eCASH and ESCAPE are helpful to prevent and treat delirium and improve the prognosis of critically ill patients.(30) Shortening the duration of delirium can reduce the occurrence of long-term cognitive impairment.(31) Multidisciplinary cooperation and continuous quality improvement can improve delirium management.Consensus can promote delirium management in critically ill patients,optimize analgesia and sedation therapy,and even affect prognosis.

13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3960-3966, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008312

ABSTRACT

Buplewrum falcatum is a traditional Chinese medicine,which is mainly used for the treatment of cold and liver protection. B. falcatum is dominantly cultivated in Japan as well as planted in China,Korea and other countries and regions. In order to determine the appropriate sequencing strategy,the genome survey before large-scale genome sequencing is needed. This survey can provide information about the size and complexity of the whole genome of the target species. In the present study,the next generation sequencing technology( Illumina Hiseq 2000) was used to analyze the genome size and complexity of B. falcatum. In addition,SSR loci were analyzed from the sequenced data. Primer 3 was used to design specific primers and 33 pairs of primers were randomly selected for PCR with template DNA of B. falcatum,and the PCR system and optimal annealing temperature were screened. A total of 288. 64 G genome sequence data was obtained,and the estimated genome size of B. falcatum was 2 119. 58 Mb. The measured genome data depth was138×; the rate of heterozygosity was 1. 84%; and the ratio of repeat sequence was 83. 89%. It is speculated that the genome of B. falcatum is complex. The preliminary assembly was performed with K-mer = 41,and the contig N50 was 224 bp,the total length 896. 97 Mb,the scaffold N50 313 bp,and the total length was 922. 67 Mb. A total of 91 377 SSR sequences were detected in the sequenced genome data which were distributed in 70 809 unigenes.The main type is dinucleotide repeats,with 49 680 sequences,accounting for70. 16%. Among the 33 pairs of primers randomly synthesized according to the obtained SSR sequences,21 pairs were successfully amplifying the target sequences. The results will be helpful for later large scale genome sequencing and SSR molecular markers development for germplasm identification and trait mapping.


Subject(s)
Bupleurum/genetics , Genome, Plant , Microsatellite Repeats , Plants, Medicinal/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic
14.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 355-360, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745750

ABSTRACT

Objective To reevaluate the diagnostic efficacy of International Society of Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) and Japanese Association for Acute Medicine (JAAM) criteria for sepsis disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC).Methods A total of 769 patients diagnosed as sepsis were enrolled in our study.Blood samples were collected within the first hour in ICU and the index of coagulation was detected.The correlation between the conventional coagulation index and the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE Ⅱ) and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores was analyzed.The sensitivity and specificity of diagnostic efficacy were analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.Results In the 769 cases,95 cases (12.35%) conformed to the standard of ISTH and 271 cases (35.24%) were in accordance with the standard of JAAM.Prolonged prothrombin time (PT) was seen in 726 cases (94.41%).Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTF) was prolonged in 434 cases (56.44%).Plasma fibrinogen (Fib) was decreased in 94 cases (12.22%) and increased in 365 cases (47.46%).Platelet (PLT) count decreased in 158 cases (20.55%).D-dimer was elevated in 759 cases (98.70%).Fibrin degradation product (FDP) was increased in 724 cases (94.15%).PT,APTT,D-dimer,FDP,PLT were correlated with APACHE Ⅱ (r value were 0.259,0.348,0.319,0.289,-0.275,all P values<0.05)and SOFA score(r values were 0.409,0.445,0.407,0.411,-0.526,respectively,all P values<0.05).The areas under the curve (AUCs) in the ISTH standard from high to low were accordingly PT (0.813),FDP (0.792),PLT (0.746),Fib (0.563).The AUCs from high to low were FDP (0.844),PLT (0.716),and PT (0.660),respectively in the JAAM standard.Under the criteria of ISTH,the diagnostic sensitivities of PT,PLT,Fib and FDP were 92.63%,67.37%,9.47%,98.95%,respectively,and specificities as 53.56%,86.05%,99.26% and 33.38%% respectively.As to the JAAM criteria,the diagnostic sensitivities of PT,PLT,and FDP were 74.54%,52.77%,91.51% and specificities as 51.61%,84.94%,40.76% respectively.Conclusions According to the ISTH and JAAM diagnostic criteria,the diagnostic efficacy of PT and PLT is relatively high,which is associated with the severity of DIC.D-dimer and FDP have the high sensitivity but the specificity is poor.The diagnostic specificity of Fib is good,yet with low sensitivity and poor overall efficacy.

15.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 512-516, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776002

ABSTRACT

To study the clinicopathologic characteristics,immunohistochemical features,differential diagnosis,and prognosis of solitary fibrous tumours(SFT)/hemangiopericytomas(HPC)in the maters(meninx). Methods A series of 7 cases previously diagnosed as SFT/HPC at the Department of Pathology,Peking Union Medical College Hospital,during the period from 2008 to 2018 were analyzed for clinical data,histopathology,and immunohistochemical findings.The patients were followed up and the relevant literatures were reviewed. Results These seven patients included two males and 5 females aged 22 to 77 years(mean,49 years).Headache was the most common symptom.The magnetic resonance imaging of SFT/HPC showed irregularly contoured masses and dural tail sign was observed at the periphery of the lesion in 4 cases.The major axis of the tumor ranged from 1.8 cm to 10 cm(mean,4 cm).The tumors were located in the mater in 6 cases and in the spinal meninx in 1 case.The tumors were surgically removed in all cases.Under light microscope,the tumors were formed by long round,oval or spindle cells,with rich branching vascular pattern and varying quantity of collagenous fibers bands in both sparse areas and dense areas.According the WHO classification,2 cases were in WHO grade Ⅰ,2 cases in WHO grade Ⅱ,and 3 cases in WHO grade Ⅲ.Immunohistochemistry of the paraffin-embedded tissues in all cases showed positive immunoreativity for CD34 and vimentin in all seven cases,along with positive signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 in 4 cases,negative epithelial membrane antigen and S-100 in 7 cases,and negative progestational hormone and somatostatin receptor 2 in 6 cases.The Ki-67 index ranged from 1% to 15%.Five patients with follow-up data(including 1 current case)were alive,while 2 patients were lost to follow-up. Conclusions The SFT/HPC are rare in the maters(meninx)and is clinically difficult to be differentiated from other meningioma.The combination of CD34 and signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 helps to diagnose this disease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antigens, CD34 , Metabolism , Diagnosis, Differential , Hemangiopericytoma , Diagnosis , Pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Meninges , Pathology , Prognosis , STAT6 Transcription Factor , Metabolism , Solitary Fibrous Tumors , Diagnosis , Pathology
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2842-2847, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781735

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Increased right ventricle afterload during acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) may induce acute cor pulmonale (ACP), which is associated with a poor clinical outcome. Echocardiography is now considered as a rapid and non-invasive tool for diagnosis of ACP. The aims of this study were to investigate the morbidity and mortality rates of ACP in ARDS patients in intensive care units (ICUs) across the mainland of China and to determine the severity and prognosis of ACP in ARDS patients through an ultrasound protocol (TRIP). And the association between ACP related factors and the ICU mortality will be revealed.@*METHODS@#This study is a multicenter and cross-sectional study in China which will include ICU participants when diagnosed as ARDS. The ultrasound protocol, known as the TRIP, is proposed as severity assessment for ACP, which includes tricuspid regurgitation velocity (T), right ventricular size (R), inferior vena cava diameter fluctuation (I), and pulmonary regurgitation velocity (P). The 28-day mortality, ICU/hospital mortality, the length of stay in ICU, mechanical ventilation days, hemodynamic parameters and lab parameters of liver function and kidney function are all recorded.@*DISCUSSION@#This large-scale study would give a sufficient epidemic investigation of ACP in ARDS patients in China. In addition, with the TRIP protocol, we expect that we could stratify ACP with more echocardiography parameters.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#NCT03827863, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03827863.

17.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 339-343, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809955

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the clinicopathologic feature, diagnostic strategy and prognostic significance of primary carcinoid of the ovary (PCOTO).@*Methods@#A series of 17 patients previously diagnosed as PCOTO at Department of Pathology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital during the period from 2002 to 2017 were evaluated with clinical data analysis, histopathology and immunohistochemistry, and the patients were followed up and the relevant literatures were reviewed.@*Results@#The age of patients ranged from 24 to 64 years (mean, 42 years). Fourteen patients were found a pelvic mass for a health check-up, and only 3 patients presented with pain in the lower abdomen. The left ovary was involved initially in ten patients, and the right in seven. The major axis of the tumor ranged from 2 to 14 cm. The surface of these tumors was smooth. Seven of the tumors were solid-cystic, 6 were cystic and 4 were solid. Under light microscope, 6 cases were diagnosed as strumal carcinoid, 4 cases were insular carcinoid, 4 cases were trabecular carcinoid, 3 cases were insular and trabecular mixed type carcinoid and 1 case was mucinous carcinoid. The mitotic figures were no more than 1/10 HPF.There were 11 cases complicated with other ovarian tumors, including 10 cases with teratoma, and 1 case with mucinous cystic adenoma. The paraffin-embedded tissues of all cases showed immunoreactivity for NSE and Syn, and the positive propotion of CgA was 10/17. TTF1 was positive in thyroid follicles and negative in strumal carcinoid. The positive index of Ki-67 was no more than 2%. Follow-up of 13 to 188 months showed 16 patients without recurrence and 1 patients were loss to follow-up.@*Conclusions@#PCOTO is very rare. Most of the patients are found with a mass during health check-up in unilateral ovary and without obvious clinical symptoms. Histologically, the tumor always exists with other ovarian tumors, including teratoma and mucinous cystic adenoma, with relatively good prognosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 397-417, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710071

ABSTRACT

Critical ultrasonography(CUS) is different from the traditional diagnostic ultrasound,the examiner and interpreter of the image are critical care medicine physicians.The core content of CUS is to evaluate the pathophysiological changes of organs and systems and etiology changes.With the idea of critical care medicine as the soul,it can integrate the above information and clinical information,bedside real-time diagnosis and titration treatment,and evaluate the therapeutic effect so as to improve the outcome.CUS is a traditional technique which is applied as a new application method.The consensus of experts on critical ultrasonography in China released in 2016 put forward consensus suggestions on the concept,implementation and application of CUS.It should be further emphasized that the accurate and objective assessment and implementation of CUS requires the standardization of ultrasound image acquisition and the need to establish a CUS procedure.At the same time,the standardized training for CUS accepted by critical care medicine physicians requires the application of technical specifications,and the establishment of technical specifications is the basis for the quality control and continuous improvement of CUS.Chinese Critical Ultrasound Study Group and Critical Hemodynamic Therapy Collabration Group,based on the rich experience of clinical practice in critical care and research,combined with the essence of CUS,to learn the traditional ultrasonic essence,established the clinical application technical specifications of CUS,including in five parts:basic view and relevant indicators to obtain in CUS;basic norms for viscera organ assessment and special assessment;standardized processes and systematic inspection programs;examples of CUS applications;CUS training and the application of qualification certification.The establishment of applied technology standard is helpful for standardized training and clinical correct implementation.It is helpful for clinical evaluation and correct guidance treatment,and is also helpful for quality control and continuous improvement of CUS application.

19.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 825-830, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690083

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the changes in C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) levels in neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and their clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to the modified Bell's staging criteria, 142 neonates with NEC were divided into stage I group (n=40), stage II group (n=72), and stage III group (n=30). All the 18 neonates who underwent surgical treatment had stage III NEC, and among the 124 neonates who underwent conservative treatment, 12 had stage III NEC and the others had stage I or II NEC. CRP and PCT were measured before treatment, on the next day after treatment, and during the recovery stage.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Before treatment, on the next day after treatment, and during the recovery stage, the stage III group had a higher level of CRP than the stage I and stage II groups (P<0.05). On the next day after treatment, the stage II and stage III groups had an increase in CRP (P<0.05), and the stage III group had an increase in PCT (P<0.05). The stage II and stage III groups had lower CRP and PCT in the recovery stage than before treatment and on the next day after treatment (P<0.05). The stage III group had higher incidence rate of respiratory failure and rate of mechanical ventilation than the stage I and stage II groups (P<0.05), and the stage III group had a higher incidence rate of sepsis than the stage II group (P=0.010). Gastrointestinal perforation and intestinal stenosis were observed in 10 and 8 neonates respectively in the stage III group. CRP on the next day after treatment had a value in predicting stage III NEC (P<0.05), and CRP before treatment and on the next day after treatment had a value in predicting the need for surgery (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Levels of CRP and PCT and their changes can help with the early diagnosis of Bell stage II/III NEC, and CRP can be used to predict the development of stage III NEC and the need for surgery.</p>

20.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 708-712, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689725

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To investigate the correlation between the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs662 of the paraoxonase 1 gene (PON1) and the risk of male infertility.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This case-control study included 403 male idiopathic infertility patients aged 29.00 ± 4.48 years in the case group and 329 normal fertile men aged 28.28 ± 4.08 years as healthy controls. We obtained DNA from the peripheral venous blood of the subjects, genotyped the SNP rs662 of PON1 by Sequenom MassArray, and analyzed the association between different genotypes of PON1 rs662 and male infertility using the logistic regression model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the normal controls, the infertility patients showed a significantly increased level of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) ([16.30 ± 17.76] vs [4.72 ± 2.51] U/L, P < 0.01) but a decreased percentage of progressively motile sperm (PMS) ([7.40 ± 14.17] % vs [41.93 ± 9.06] %, P < 0.01) and sperm concentration ([2.74 ± 3.64] vs [75.83 ± 63.66] ×10⁶/ml, P < 0.01). Statistically significant differences were not found in the other parameters between the two groups of subjects, nor in the correlation of male infertility with the heterozygous genotype GA versus the wild homozygous genotype GG (OR = 0.98, 95% CI: 0.63-1.53, P = 0.923) or the homozygous genotype AA versus the wild homozygous genotype GG (OR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.56-1.34, P = 0.525).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The SNP rs662 of PON1 was not correlated with male infertility, which, however, needs to be confirmed by further studies with larger samples from a larger area.</p>

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