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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879845

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features and prognosis of childhood acute myeloid leukemia with myelodysplasia-related changes (AML-MRC).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 14 children who were diagnosed with AML-MRC from June 2014 to March 2020, including clinical features, laboratory examination results, and prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Among the 14 children with AML-MRC, there were 9 boys and 5 girls, with a median age of 11 years (range: 1-17 years), a median leukocyte count of 8.3×10@*CONCLUSIONS@#Childhood AML-MRC is often observed in boys, and AML-M5 is the most common type based on FAB classification. Such children tend to have a poor prognosis. HSCT is expected to improve the poor prognosis of children with AML-MRC. However due to the small number of cases, it is necessary to increase the number of cases for further observation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Infant , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Male , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690084

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the value of multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) and flow cytometric scoring system (FCSS) in the diagnosis and prognostic evaluation of childhood myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 42 children who were diagnosed with MDS. MFC was performed to investigate the phenotype and proportion of each lineage of bone marrow cells. The correlations of FCSS score with MDS type, International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) score, and revised IPSS (IPSS-R) score were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of all the 42 children, 20 (48%) had an increase in abnormal marrow blasts, 19 (45%) had a lymphoid/myeloid ratio of >1, 14 (33%) had abnormal cross-lineage expression of lymphoid antigens in myeloid cells, 8 (19%) had abnormal CD13/CD16 differentiation antigens, 5 (12%) had abnormal expression of CD56, 3 (7%) had reduced or increased side scatter of granulocytes, 3 (7%) had reduced expression of CD36 in nucleated red blood cells, 2 (5%) had reduced expression of CD71 in nucleated red blood cells, 1 (2%) had absent expression of CD33 in myeloid cells, 1 (2%) had reduced or absent expression of CD11b in granulocytes, and 1 (2%) had absent expression of CD56 and CD14 in monocytes. There were significant differences in the median overall survival time and event-free survival time among the low-, medium-, and high-risk FCSS groups (P<0.05). Among the low-, medium-, and high-risk FCSS groups, the low-risk FCSS group had the highest 2-year overall survival rate, while there was no significant difference between the medium- and high-risk FCSS groups (P>0.05). The three groups had a 2-year event-free survival rate of 95%, 60%, and 46% respectively (P<0.05). FCSS score was positively correlated with MDS type, IPSS score, and IPSS-R score (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MFC and FCSS help with the diagnosis and prognostic evaluation of childhood MDS.</p>

3.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 730-733, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703036

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis(TB) is mainly caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb),which in the body long-term existence is closely related to the immune escape mechanism.Mtb's immune escape mechanisms have been found to include prevention of phagosomal maturation and acidification of lysosomes,suppression of oxidative stress,inhibition of apoptosis and autophagy.Mtb immune escape mechanism to avoid the host is complex,not yet fully understood.This article focuses on Mtb im mune escape mechanism as a review,is an in-depth study to provide a reference.

4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 267-275, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348275

ABSTRACT

Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) serves as a structural protein of myocardial fiber, and participates in heart excitation-contraction coupling process. Here, we generated tnnt2a (cTnT-coding gene) deletion mutant zebrafish via CRISPR/Cas9 technique, and performed phenotypic analysis of the identified tnnt2a mutants. We observed that there was no significant difference between heterozygous mutant and wild type zebrafish, and the homozygous mutants displayed significant malformations in heart, including cardiac arrest, atrium and ventricle enlargement, pericardium effusion, and the individuals usually died before 7 day post fertilization (dpf). We further analyzed the expression alternations of heart sarcomere genes (tnnt2a, actc1a, tpm4a, myl7, vmhc) at transcriptional level in tnnt2a(Δ2) zebrafish by performing real time RT-PCR, and found that the RNA expression level of tnnt2a in tnnt2azebrafish decreased constantly at each time point of developmental stages, and actc1a, tpm4a, myl7 and vmhc all showed higher expressions at early developmental stages and lower expressions at late developmental stages, in comparison with those of wild type zebrafish. Lastly, electron microscopy on cardiac tissues suggested that there were significant changes of the thick or thin filament structures in tnnt2a(Δ2) zebrafish, which was further confirmed by F-actin and Tpm4 immunofluorescence staining. The tnnt2azebrafish generated by CRISPR/Cas9 bears the most common symptoms of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, and therefore can be used as a tool to study TNNT2-deficiency related cardiomyopathy.


Subject(s)
Animals , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Knockout Techniques , Myocardium , Pathology , Sequence Deletion , Troponin T , Genetics , Zebrafish , Zebrafish Proteins , Genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279891

ABSTRACT

Macrophages have two major roles in regulating the dynamic equilibrium in erythropoiesis, promoting the differentiation and maturation of nucleated red blood cells into reticulocytes and removing old red blood cells. A recent mouse study has demonstrated that the phenotype of macrophages in erythroblastic islands is CD169+ VCAM-1+ ER-HR3+ CD11b+ F4/80+ Ly-6G+. Molecular connections between erythroid progenitor cells and central macrophages help to maintain the function and integrity of erythroblastic islands. New research advances in Kruppel-like factor 1 (KLF1) provide new evidence for the important role of macrophages in erythroblastic islands. Macrophages play an important role in erythropoiesis both in sickness and in health, and provide a potential targeted therapy for diseases such as polycythemia vera and beta-thalassemia in the future.


Subject(s)
Animals , Erythropoiesis , Humans , Integrin alpha4beta1 , Physiology , Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors , Physiology , Macrophages , Physiology , Mice , Phenotype , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Physiology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261155

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association between clinical outcome and gene mutations in children with Fanconi anemia (FA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of six children with the same severity of FA and receiving the same treatment. At first, single cell gel electrophoresis and chromosome breakage induced by mitomycin C were performed for diagnosis. Then the gene detection kit for congenital bone marrow failure diseases or complementation test was used for genotyping of FA. Finally the association between the clinical outcome at 3, 6, 9, or 12 months after treatment and gene mutation was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of all the six FA children, five had FANCA type disease, and one had FANCM type disease; four children carried two or more FA gene mutations. Among the children with the same severity of FA, those with more FA mutations had a younger age of onset and poorer response to medication, and tended to progress to a severe type.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Children carrying more than two FA mutations have a poor clinical outcome, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation should be performed as soon as possible.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Fanconi Anemia , Genetics , Female , Humans , Male , Mutation , Retrospective Studies
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279057

ABSTRACT

Formation of the heart valves is one of critical steps in vertebrate cardiac development. Valvular heart anomaly can induce severe cardiac impairment, which is one of most common symptoms for congenital heart defects (CHD). The canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, which is essential for numerous developmental processes, has also been suggested to be involved in the regulation of proliferation, differentiation, and migration of myocardium, endocardium and valve primordia at different stages. The canonical Wnt signaling also regulates the endocardial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) process during the endocardial cushion formation. This paper reviews current knowledge about the canonical Wnt signaling pathway in heart valve development, including the functional diversities of Wnt activity in heart valve development at different stages and its interaction with other valve-relevant signaling pathways and the potential role of canonical Wnt activity in heart valve mesenchymal stem cells at the late developmental stage.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Heart Valves , Embryology , Humans , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Physiology
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1785-1790, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272521

ABSTRACT

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common leukemia in adult, among them the childhood acute myeloid leukemia accounts for 15% to 20%. After exploring and investigating this disease for 60 years, the systematic chemotherapy can achieve complete remission for 75%-80% AML patients, but only 20%-30% AML patients out of them can be cured, and other AML patients relapsed or died of this disease. The primary and/or seondary chemotherapy resistance may be the main reasons of the poor prognosis in AML. The activity of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) involved into multi-layers of physiological functions. Among them, the activity of NF-κB and the apoptosis toleration associated with the sensitivity to chemotherapy. All these indicated that the inhibition of NF-κB may be a promising direction to reverse chemoresistance and improve chemotherapeutic effects for AML. Herein is the review of recent research progress on the field of the roles of NF-κB activation in AML and its application in AML therapy.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , NF-kappa B , Remission Induction , Signal Transduction
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 496-502, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344867

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Although DNA vaccine is considered as the next generation of vaccine, most DNA vaccine candidates are still suffering from the relatively weak immunogenicity despite the increased dosage of plasmid DNA administered. In order to enhance the immune responses elicited by a codon-optimized HIV gag DNA vaccine, a modified plasmid vector pDRVI1.0 and a booster immunization with replicating Tiantan vaccinia (RTV) strain expressing the same gene were employed.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Vector pDRVI1.0 was constructed through inserting the 72-bp element from the SV40 enhancer, which was reported promoting nuclear transport of plasmid DNA, to the upstream of cytomegalovirus enhancer/promoter region of the plasmid vector pVR1012. Gene expression levels from expression plasmids based on pDRVI1.0 and pVR1012 were tested. Humoral and cellular immune responses induced by DNA vaccine alone or DNA prime-RTV boost regimen were determined in mice.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>It was shown that the 72-bp element significantly enhanced the gene expression level in non-dividing cells. gag-specific humoral and cellular immune responses induced by DNA vaccination were both significantly improved, while the Th1/Th2 balance was not obviously affected by the 72-bp element. RTV boosting further significantly enhanced DNA vaccine-primed antibody and T cell responses in a Th1-biased manner.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The 72-bp SV40 enhancer element should be included in the DNA vaccine vector and RTV strain is a very efficient live vector for boosting immunization.</p>


Subject(s)
AIDS Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology , Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Blotting, Western , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Enhancer Elements, Genetic , Female , Gene Products, gag , Allergy and Immunology , HIV Antibodies , Blood , Immunoglobulin G , Blood , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Molecular Sequence Data , Plasmids , Simian virus 40 , Genetics , Vaccination , Vaccines, DNA , Allergy and Immunology , Vaccinia , Allergy and Immunology
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