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China Pharmacy ; (12): 955-958, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504321


OBJECTIVE:To prepare Activated carbon N-acetylcysteine microcapsule (ACNAC),and to optimize preparation technology. METHODS:ACNAC was prepared by emulsion cross-linked method using biodegradable material gelatin as capsule wall material. Using comprehensive evaluation index of drug-loading amount,entrapment rate and particle size distribution percent-age(the percentage of 80-140 μm particle)as index,drug-loading ratio,amount of gelatin,mixing speed and the amount of emul-sifier as factors,single factor test and orthogonal test were used to optimize formulation technology. The technology was validated and distribution of particle size of ACNAC was determined. RESULTS:The optimal formulation technology was as follows as drug-loading ratio 1∶1,gelatin 15%,emulsifier 2.0%,mixing speed 1 000 r/min. Average drug-loading amount of 6 batches of ACNAC was 15.9%(RSD=1.21%),average encapsulation efficiency was 78.1%(RSD=1.11%)and average particle size distri-bution percentage was 81.9%. CONCLUSIONS:ACNAC is prepared successfully,and formulation technology is reasonable and feasible.

Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 124-129, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337027


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of apigenin on the protein expression levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) in liver tissues of rats with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The NASH rat model was established by feeding of a high-fat diet. Unmodeled rats served as the normal controls. The modeled rats were divided into a model control group, Essentiale treatment grouP(300 mg/kg/day),and three apigenin treatment groups for low-dose (15 mg/kg/day), moderate-dose (30 mg/kg/day) and high-dose (60 mg/kg/day). After 13 weeks of treatment,changes in insulin sensitivity from pre-treatment baseline were assessed by measuring the alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST),total cholesterol (TC),triglycerides (TG),low-density and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C and HDL-C),fasting blood glucose (FBG) and fasting insulin (FINS).The liver index and HOMA-IR were also calculated.Protein and gene expression of PPARα and PPARgamma in liver tissue were assessed by immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR.Statistical analysis was performed by the LSD test and Games-Howell test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The apigenin-treated groups showed a significantly greater change in insulin sensitivity than the untreated model group,with the most significant change occurring in the high-dose grouP(P less than 0.05).Compared with the untreated model group,the apigenin-treated groups showed lower levels of ALT (95.4+/-7.3),AST (183.7+/-14.3),TC (1.61+/-0.25),TG (1.23+/-0.21),LDL-C (1.86+/-0.14),FBG (5.29+/-1.45) and FINS (0.76+/-0.86),but a higher level of HDL-C (1.04+/-0.17); again,the high-dose group showed the greatest change (all P less than 0.05).Compared to the untreated model group,the apigenin-treated groups showed significantly lower liver index (3.75+/-0.25 vs.2.90+/-0.17) and HOMA-IR (1.34+/-0.06 vs.0.18+/-0.04),with the high-dose group showing the greatest change (both P less than 0.05). Compared to the untreated model group,the apigenin-treated groups showed higher levels of protein and mRNA of PPARα (18.27+/-4.05 and 0.63+/-0.02,respectively) and PPARgamma(8.48+/-5.05 and 0.39+/-0.02),with the high-dose group showing the greatest change (all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Apigenin can improve glucose tolerance,lipid metabolism and insulin resistance while decreasing blood levels of TC,TG,LDL-C,FBG,FINS and HOMA-IR,and increasing HDL-C in NASH,as shown in a high-fat diet induced rat model, and may have therapeutic potential.</p>

Alanine Transaminase , Metabolism , Animals , Apigenin , Pharmacology , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Metabolism , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Cholesterol , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Insulin , Metabolism , Insulin Resistance , Lipid Metabolism , Liver , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Metabolism , PPAR alpha , Metabolism , PPAR gamma , Metabolism , Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Triglycerides , Metabolism
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417363


Objective To compare the virological responses between Peg IFNαt-2a and Peg IFNα-2b in treatment of chronic hepatitis C.Methods Clinical data of 46 chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients were retrospectively reviewed.Patients were divided into two groups:Peg IFNα-2a group ( n =24) was given Peg IFNoα-2a 180 μg/week and ribavirin; Peg IFNα-2b group (n =22 ) was given Peg IFNα-2b1.5 μg · kg-1 · week-1 and ribavirin.Serum HCV RNA load at 4th,12th and 24th week of the treatment were detected to evaluate the virological responses.Softwares SPSS 13.0 and PEMS 3.1 were used for statistical analysis.Results There was no significant difference in rapid response rate,early response rate,complete response rate and non-response rate between the two groups (x2 =0.689,0.105,0.105 and 0.105,P > 0.05 ).However for patients with high viral load ( HCV RNA > 6 logl0 copies/mL) at baseline,the rapid response rate in Peg IFNα-2a group ( 86.67% ) was higher than that in Peg IFNα-2bgroup (42.86% ) (x2 =4.365,P < 0.05 ).Conclusion Peg IFNα-2a combined with ribavirin may have higher rapid response rate than that of Peg IFNα-2b combined with ribavirin in CHC patients with high viral

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565093


AIM:To observe the changes of hepatic fibrosis index,clinical symptom,physical sign and hepatic function after the patients were treated treatment with reduced glutathione hormone.METHODS:The 72 patients were divided into two groups that one was the treatment group with 37 patients and the other was the control group with 35 patients.The control group was accepted the treatment with Ganlixin Injection,Magnesium Aminosuccinate Injection and Mulvital,etc.The treatment group was accepted reduced glutathione hormone(1.5 g,once a day)in addition.The course of treatment lasted for 8 weeks.We observed the two groups' blood-serum fibrosis indexes(HA,LN,PIII-P,C-IV)and biochemistry indxes(TBIL,ALT,AST,GGT)before and after the treatment.RESULTS:The improvements of the treatment group were much better than the control group on the sides of clinical symptom,physical sign,hepatic function and blood-serum fibrosis.The treatment group's blood-serum fibrosis indexes were much lower after the treatment(P